North Carolina Newspapers

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IT N A A
VOL. XXXI,
RALEIGH, ISJ. C. THURSDAY. MARCH 20v 1013,
fVo. 10.
THOUSANDS BEG RELIEF
mm n j r i r r i 1
may nescraa uvii service uraers ; t
so as to Throw 30,000 Jobs
on the Market
THE SPECIAL SESSION APRIL 7
However the Tariff is Not Bring Dis
cussed Much The Question Before
the IemocratH in Washington is,
Ifow to Get Jobs for the Hungry
Followers at Home- One Ken
tucky Congressman Says the Iem
ocrats Must Have Jol or His State
Will c;o Republican Ex-Speaker
Cannon fJives Out Statement Slew
ing Democrats Will Bankrupt Na-
tional Treasury.
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Washington, D. C, March 18, 1913.
President Wilson has issued his
proclamation calling Congress into
session on April 7th. This announce
ment of an extra session, however,
and the great and important matters
that will be taken up for considera
tion, including the tariff and cur
rency reform, are not being discuss
ed much by the Democratic Congress
men and politicians in Washington
The great question before them day
and night is how to get jobs for the
hungry political henchmen at home,
many of whom are already camping
here at Washington, on their heels.
The President Shutting Out Oftice
Seekers. Thousands of office-seekers came
to the inaugration intending to stay
until they got their jobs and went
home with them. The pressure from
them and their Congressmen was so
terrific that the President was forced
to announce early that he would not
see any office-seekers, but that they
must present their claims before his
Cabinet officers. The pressure be
fore the Cabinet officers since then
has been so great that already more
than one of them have declared that
they will not . see hereafter any office-seekers-
Ottice-Seekers Attacking the Civil
Service.
Soon after the new Postmaster
General was inaugurated he an
nounced that those who were in office
under the civil service, whether Dem
ocrats or Republicans, would be pro
tected. The pressure on the Postmaster-General,
however, has become
so great that to-day he has yielded
and has announced that he is in favor
of recinding the civil service orders
of President Taft, covernig over 30,
000 postmasters, and that Demo
crats shall be given a chance to se
cure these places through competi
tive examinations.
It is said that the Postmaster-General
has been told by many Demo
cratic Congressmen that the Demo
cratic party would go to pieces if this
wasn't done. It is reported that one
Democratic Congressman from Ken
tucky said that at least three, if not
a majority of the districts of his j
State, would go Republican at the
next election if the hungry Democrat
ic politicians were not given full
swing at the Federal pie-counter.
It has been the habit of the Demo
cratic newspapers in North Carolina
and all the Southern States, when
the Republicans were in power, to de
clare that the Republican party was
a party controlled by pie-hunters and
pie-eaters, and that the Democratic
party was a great idealistic party that
voted for high principles and was
not controlled by its stomach and a
hunger for the "flesh-pots of Egypt."
The fact is, that present situation in
Washington is the greatest stomach
and flesh-pot demonstration that has
ever been seen in the history of this
Government.
Democrats Will Bankrupt the Na
tional Treasury.
A statement has just been issued
by ex-Speaker Cannon reviewing the
record of the last and several preced
ing Congresses. He shows that the
Democratic Congress has done noth
A ing that it promised to do, and has,
In fact, violated all of its campaign
pledges. He charges that the last
Democratic Congress was not sonly
the most extravagant Congress that
this country has ever seen, but that
it has spent money recklessly for sel
fish and for partisan purposes, while
it has neglected the great and im
portant functions of government, in
cluding the protection of the nation
itself.
He showed that the last Democratic
Congress spenfmore than $86,000,000
above any amount ever expended by
any Republican, or any other Con
gress. He pointed out that every Re
publican Congress had spent a liber
al amount necessary for maintaining
(Continued on page 2.)
BRIEF NEWS ITEMS.
Mrs Allen
Critcher, of Rocky
Mount, was knocked down
by
roke of lightning during a
fctorm
last Friday.
A Washington dispatch says that!
Walker W. Vick, formerly of Wil-1
mington, is slated for U. S. sub
treasurer at New York.
The House of Representatives of
Nebraska has defeated the proposed
constitutional amendment permitting
women to vote in that State.
A Union Pacific passenger train
ran into the rear end of express
train near Omaha, Neb., Friday, kill
ing four persons and injuring thirty
more.
Herbert Smith, a young fisherman
of Penny's Hill, N. C, was drowned
there early today
which he and his
was swamped.
when a boat in
younger brother
The nomination of John Burke,
former Governor of North Dakota, to
be Treasurer of the United States was
sent to the Senate by President Wil
son Saturday afternoon.
Richard Olney, of Massachusetts,
former Secretary of State in Pres.
Cleveland's Cabinet, Saturday declin
ed the post of ambassador to Great
Britain. Mr. Olney feels that he is
too old to go abroad.
Following a deadlock of many
weeks the Legislature of New Hamp
shire has elected Henry F. Morris,
Democrat, United States Senator.
Charges of fraud have been made in
connection with his election.
John Skelton Williams, of Rich
mond, Va., former president of the
Seaboard Air Line, for assistant Sec- j
retary of the Treasury, was among
nominations President Wilson sent to
the Senate last Thursday.
A large brick building occupied by
Messrs. Kesler, Raney and Lomax in
the dry goods district of Salisbury,
was gutted by fire early Saturday
morning. Loss, building and stock,
amounts to over $13,000.
The body of Israel Battle, an aged
negro, was found by the railroads at
Rocky Mount Thursday. Battle was
returning home from prayer-meeting
at the time of his death, which re
sulted from an unknown cause.
Mrs. Nancy Nash, who lived in the
suburbs of Charlotte, was burned to
death in her room Sunday morning.
The woman, who was a paralytic, was
unable to escape from the building,
which caught fire from unknown
cause.
A million pounds of sugar at 4.2
cents a pound for the use of the men
in the United States Navy during the
year was the contact awarded Satur
day .by Paymaster General T. J.
Cowie to a New York wholesale gro
cery firm.
Postmaster General Burleson is
working on a plan to be presented to
President Wilson whereby the 35,000
third and fourth class postmaster
ships placed under the civil service
by President Taft may be opened to
Democrats
Julian Hawthorne, Dr. William J.
Morton and Albert Freeman were
convicted in a New York Federal
court Friday of making fraudulent
use of the mails in promoting mining
claims. Josiah Quincy, former may
or of Boston, another defendant, was
acquitted.
Bob Snipes, who was arrested in
;Los Angeles several months ago and
brought to Morganton to be tried on
a charge of the murder of John Brit
tain in Burke County fifteen years
ago, plead guilty to manslaughter
Saturday and was sentenced to four
months in the State Penitentiary at
light labor. There was some doubt
as to Snipes sanity.
TX)X WELIaS SENTENCE I)
PRISON.
TO
Was Once a Member of the legisla
ture and a Cleveland Elector An
other Good Democrat Gone Wrong.
Greensboro, Marfch s 15. Lon
Wells, once a member of the North
Carolina General Assembly and later
the Cleveland presidential elector
from western North Carolina, has
been sentenced to two years in the
penitentiary by Judge Foushee at
Bryson City, North Carolina, charg
ed with the larceny of nineteen suits
of clothing from the Southern Rail
way Company. With Wells was sent
enced his wife for the same period
of time. .Wells served as a member
of the North Carolina General As
sembly in 1887 and 1892, was a
Cleveland elector. He has been prom
inent in western North Carolina af
fairs for many years and at one time
was an influential politician.
REAL ANCIENT HISTORY
v uiiuoii auu 1 auic vict iuiu
War oq Account of
Portugal
ENGLISH GOT MUCH TERRITORY
WellingtJn Ukcd the Iooks of Mad
rid Waterloo Cluuiged the Map
of the World and Gave longtime
Peace A King and Queen Live a
Warm Life for Twenty-Five Year
When No Reform Wa Wanted
Great llritaln Now a Cood Country.
Correspondence of The Caucasian-Enterprise:
Bilkinsville. N. C. Mar. 17, 1913.
In 1810 Great Britain wuz drawn
into a contest, or went into hit with
France, on account ov Portugal. The
British troops occupied the frontier
ov Portugal an' the French placed
80.000 troops in the country, under
Mahsena. Lord Wellington comman
ed the British an' Portugese. A bomb
fell in the powder magazine establish
ed by the British at Almeida, causing
a disastrous explosion. Wellington re-
! treated toward Lisbon, destroyin awl
j food and forage supplies along the
line ov march, which, wuz so dis
couragin' that pursuit wuz given up.
This war, while not noted for a great
number ov battles, lasted for more
than two years. At the end ov hit
Great Britain had most ov the islands
east ov the cape of Good Hope. In
the meantime the Prince ov Wales
had the executive duties az regent
and the regency parliament wuz
opened.
Wellington had hiz eye upon the
capitol ov Spain and finally made hiz
way there in spite ov the French sol
diers and what opposition Spain offer
ed. Joseph, the Spanish King, re
mained in the field and Wellington
marched to Madrid. Theer a strange
thing happened Wellington, the
commander ov the British army, wuz
placed in command of the Spanish
soldiers. But Wellington returned to
Portugal, war bein hiz trade, he
didn't seem to enjoy civil life, even
though he had a chance to step to the
front politically. For some months
there wuz heavy fitin' on the part ov
the British, French and Spanish, the
armies ov each country bein' divided
and placed at points supposed to be
to their advantage at the time. At
Burgos Wellington began a seige
which lasted thirty-five days without
success, he finally giving up the idea
ov the capture ov that place. But
Wellington mite hev fared worse at
this time if Napoleon Bonaparte had
not been on hiz disastrous campaign
in Russia. France wuz actually fitin'
Great Britain, Russia and a part ov
Spain awl at the same time.
Durin' the followin' year Welling
ton made another trip to Madrid with
hiz British army. But he found the
new King out ov town and there wuz
not much goin' on in the way of war.
But on hiz return he found a large
division ov the French army. A battle
took place and one hundred and fif
teen cannon and four hundred and
fifteen wagons loaded with ammuni
tion fell into the hands ov the vic
torious British.
The battle ov Waterloo wuz a
great event in the history ov Britain.
Hit decided the fate ov Napolen Bon
aparte and ' gave peace for a long
time to the whole ov Europe. To
gether with several other less im
portant battles Wellington obtained a
firm foothold on certain French ter
ritory which he held for quite awhile.
George the Fourth had married the
Princess ov Wales. The King decid
ed to get rid ov hiz. wife. Royalty
had been in trouble more or less
since time began. But a real divorce,
a somewhat modern institution, wuz
rather new. The Queen had been
away from home. When she return
ed a royal salute wuz fired in her
honor. The trouble between the
king and hiz wife had been going on
for some time an' there wug no let
up. For twenty-five years they
wrangled.
The King became very fat before
hiz death. He had a disease known
az ossification ov the heart. He
died practically friendless, havin' no
gift in the art ov makin friends.
Only a servant wuz present when the
King died-' Ov him hit wuz said
that he early in life selected the very
worst characters az his boon com
panions. . After he reached the throne
he contracted debts to an enormous
amount, which, however, were finally
paid by the British Government. He
wuz ruler over the people ov three
great countries, though classed az
one, and yet he didn't hev even one
friend who cared enough for him to
be present when death came. Hit
hez been said that "kings have no
friends." Some or them have proven
the truth ov this.
William the 4th became King
ov Great Britain in 1830. In hiz first
(Coritinued on page 2.)
THE MOST UKCKLKS.H AMI KX
TltAVAIiAXT tXlSCiltKNS.
Former Spemker Cannon lur a -
statement a t the Record of Uw
Democratic Congrr Ha fro;
priafetl Over $G,CMMMoO More
Than Any Republican Vnjcre in ?
the History of the untry Many .
New Office Created for Iruocrat j
at the Expense of the People. j
Mr. Cannon, the former Speaker, !
in his statement, said in part: ?
"All performances of Republican j
Houses pale into utter insignificance)
when placed in contrast with what j
the Democratic House of Represents- j
tives of the Sixty-Second Congress j
Was a r.. m 1 (ok a4 9. a m Tttvffto t K a i
FL, !
Treasury and piling up obligations.
t . , . . . I
against revenues to be derived by;
-f . . , s .
direct taxation and from revenue of i
. , . . . . . .
free-trade tariff laws, for which the,
...... , ,,
new auujiuieiiauuu eioiius iuiuiuii-
ted and solemnly pledged.
"The present Congress, with its
large Democratic majority in the
House, has increased direct appro
priations over those made by the pre
vious Congress, controlled by a
Republican majority in " both
branches, by the immense sum of
$63,476,100.22. and the contract
i
liabilities and obligations in the na- j
ture of authorized public works, ad- j
ditional to specific appropriations, for
the session now closing exceed those
of the last session of the last Repub
lican Congress by more than $23,
383, SS9 or a total excess of combin
ed direct appropriations and author
ized expenditures by this Congress
over its Republican predecessor of
$8G, 860, 049. 22.
"Nor sUould it be overlooked that
of the $43,454,145 of contracts au
thorized at the last session of the last
Republican House $30,352,500 was
for battleships and other vessels for
the American navy, in which all pa
triotic citizens are equally interested.
Comparison With Receipts.
"The total revenues of the govern
ment, according to the estimates for
the next fiscal year, under existing
Federal tax laws will amount to only
$991,791,508, or $106,856,452.21
'ess than the direct appropriations
made this session, and if we add to
the latter the sum of contracts and!
bligatiens authorized in addition
that will have to be appropriated for
the deficit will reach $183,S12,626.21.
"And so we have this situation:
"The Democratic party solemnly
promised, if intrusted with the reins
of government, to reduce expendi
tures. With its customary failure
to perform according to its pledges,
it has enormously increased expendi
tures. "It has promised, with even great
er solemnity, to reduce the burdens
of taxation. It has, by legislation for
which it is responsible, made it prac
tically impossible to avoid an increase
in taxation.
ManyXevv Offices Created.
"During the last session of this
Congress a total increase of 7,049
places were added to the salaried roll
of the government, making a perma
nent annual charge on the Treasury
of $7,696,662.50."
DRMOCRATS EMPTYING THE
TREASURY.
Cannon Declares $87,000,000 More
Was Appropriated Hy Last Con
gress Than Ever Before.
A Washington, D. C, dispatch of
last Friday says:
Appropriations of the last session
of Congress, including the sundry
civil and the Indian appropriation
bills which failed at the last mo
ment, but which are to be put
through at the coming extra session,
aggregated $1,09S,647,960.
The annual statements given out
today by Chairman Fitzgerald, of the
appropriations committee, and by
former Speaker Cannon for the Re
publicans, agree on that total .
Mr. Cannon adds, however, that in
addition to that amount, contracts
authorized for public works involve
further expenditures of $76,956,174.
Mr. Cannon, analyzing the figures,
declared that the appropriations
made and obligations created during
the entfre Sixty-Second Congress ag
gregated $2,238,470,990, an excess of
almost $87,000,000 over the previous
Republican Congress, and that the
probable deficit in the revenues for
1914 will be $183,821,626.
"AH performances of Republican
houses," added the former Speaker,
"fall into utter insignificance In con
trast with what the Democratic
House of the Sixty-Second Congress
has accomplished, in emptying: the
treasury and piling obligations."
Mr. Jas. B. Duke Resigns From Im
perial Company.
Mr. J. B. Duke has resigned as a
director of Imperial Tobacco Com
pany. Mr. Duke is chairman of the
board of trustees of the British
American Tobacco Company, recent
ly organized, it is claimed, to war
on the American Tobacco Company.
COL ROOSEVELT SPEAKS
. ft t D I
Addrtuts Lcnjcreuce ot reansyl-
Tuua Pro jTt wires on the
Duties of Party
l'rg" .Need of Ttxtrottgh rj;anl -
lion for studjinj mml Srurinj ;
IdU on Which Platform U llel i
Iut Hae (lemaer PotltW .
Speaker Grrcei by a Ijrxe Audi
ence.
Former President Roosevelt ad-
. , , , .....
d rested a Urge audience In Phiia-
delphla a few nights ago and urge4
, . . ...
the need of a thorough organization
, . . , , . , .
for studying and securing the ideals
on which the platform of the Pro
gressive party was based. The occa
sion was the first annual Progressive i
(conference of the State of Pennsyl-'
vanja
In introducing Colonel Roosevelt-!
Dean Lewis said: 1
"We have met here to-night to lis-5
ten to the man who is the 1-adeH
in the most wonderful awakening of
the individual and group conscience'
i
" V Tl i. " u:
uuuui luui lie naa uone more man ; .
any one man to arouse the oonscM p,an to niMenty-nfth of one pr
ence of the people He is a great !nl on lh r,,,al t("k. Increasing
personal force makinu for better i lncon" a inheritance tae and rn-
i things." i
i Colonel Itosopvelt raM In nart-
i - - " ' "
"The Progressive party has been
founded primarily to render social
and industrial service. This means.)
of course, that there must be clean)
politics. Rotten politics in the t-nd
means rotten business and rotten
conditions generally. The first requi
site in any movement for any species
of betterment in this country must
be honest-
"The Progressive service branch
of our party activities is devoted to
social research. Ir onrnnlroil offirl
ent shape, and is endeavoring'to cor-1
relate it with the art of lv.mir,,!
bodies and the needs of the public.
"Our party is not in power; it is
not in office; hut It is our duty to
formulate public opinion and prepare
" -tnat.lL shall insist on atlo
along tne lines we indicate. We rec -
ognize the urgent need of strengthen- t
ing our party by means of organiza-i 1. ' ;'""0 l,t',t"1 a,eB against
tion; extension of the machinerv; j N"rfh i aroHna to"' and U -m-ci-but
we recognize with equal empha- ed U! c'""i living to a
sis that machinery, while imperative-! r0nf.dPrab,e "xt"nt thU '"-vexing
ly necessary, is of use only if treated! ,,r?.irm'
as a practical means of securing ap-i 1 ! i,U'8l,on aH !o a!m,!(l'K the
plied realism. The Progressive ser- onst,t,on ". ' a resoly
vice is organized because our party 1" Zr e,ra "ion ot
for the first time in the history of 'B B,ture and l"' appointment
any great party-in this country, rec-i Gov"rnor f Pcial fommls-
oenizes that tho nartv or,.,o.f ! 6ion to consider all proposed amend-
can hp. hi " rrr:::v..Min report to the ,
".uBi.ui.ih.u UJ lUllllll-
uous, organized party work for defi
nite aims and ideals.
"I wish to congratulate you men
in Pennsylvania upon the fight the
Progressive party is making in the
Legislature to achieve its purpose
and thereby justify its existence. All
your proposed lavs are good; the
primary law for instance, and the
corrupt practices act. But peculiar
importance attaches, to the three acts
proposed for regulating child labor,
for regulating the employment of
women, anc? for creating a minimum
wage for both women and children.
The underpayment of wage-earners
is one of the worst evils of our pres
ent industrial system, and it is not
only an evil in itself, but it is at the
bottom of the sweatshop problem.
"The Progressive party was found
ed primarily to meet the great awak-
ivum.icuie wuicn we nave
present political or our present ia-
dustrial conditions shall continue un-l
changed if the Republic itself is to!
live and prosper. Self-government is I
incompatible with dishonest govern-!
meat; and a political democracy and I
a business oligarchy cannot perma-
nentiy exist in the same countrv tirip
hv ciiio "
Biue.
UNIVERSITY If AZERS FOC.Wl
CiL'ILTY.
Thre Boys Were Sentenced for Fo
ur
Months With Privilege to Hire Oat
Fathers Hire the Boys.
Ralph W. Oldham, William L. Mer
rlam, and Aubrey C. Hatch, Univer
sity of North Carolina students, were
tried at Hillsboro Friday and Satur
day and were convicted of man
slaughter in connection with the
death of Isaac Rand, of Smithfield. a
f el low-atu dent
Judge Peebles sentenced the three
boys to jail for four months, giving
the commissioners power to hire the
boys out The fathers paid the com
missioners $75. which it is claimed
would have been the amount of four
months' work, and the boys were re
leased. The Governor has been ask
ed for a pardon for the three boys so
as to remove some of the stigma.
seen in the American people during! ,7 "'M-4UU
the last few years. Thoughtful men . .1 J f W1'
and women have grown to TrlaS I deflcIt nd Immanent
that it is impossible that eUher ouriP rVemnt" al Stat 'n.Ututlons."
nit; yt itiox or i;n;i:
Th Matter of tlswtstrv lUxjrM
Thitk IWfte tbe !vttt- A
Ux tkHlrit- .Tat, lUle o V41
lritTt) Ittcf fAnV- tkt l9t
Ttie Xml tfnlAtorv dij ft0StMttC,
j whether It Is what tbe jt-ojl
for not Tb y i&cr4 tb tat rat
t on property a&4 on tb poll a&J
rslrl the t on stout ery ta-
du,tf 0? IwreaseJ sm saUrtes
j and created otn
n oSm, and &r-
J ter a few other prrltmlnsrie. ad-
I jourmed
A sprclal correspondent of (h
j Charlotte Observer nt bis psper h
following resume of the deHls and
j misdeeds of tfce recent s-.sion of the
legislature:
j "Tbe General A nimbly Jest ad
journed paired and raU84
arts and 0 resolutions, compare
with 1.4Q acts and 1$ resolutions
lmo 'r Ka
"0rhdo Ing all other our.
"1 nuptiriancr, mis so-ssion was
he mnr of fiDa,ir-' llurc
h,MK to fc e -nc in the trei..
ur of PprolmateIy fsvuvoo. Thlt
a m"' b an crease in the tat
Wxy frum 11 29 lo 11 45 wn ,h"
M"d. from 4" 10 47 r3 rrnu on lh
Jluo property by raising tin tat oti
coloration, from the old rr-.t.,..,
attxl'i tnore stringent machinery for
their collection ' am! putting on an-
foIml'Jl manufacturers a llcenso tat
! of $500.
"The recommendation of the (ov
emor and the finance Committee for
a reassessment of property and a sw
cial State Tax Commission was dis
regarded A rather stringent meas
ure enacted in this connctlon was
one directing sheriffs to collect un
paid privilege and license taxes for
four years back.
"Among the more progressive acts
was one providing for a xix months'
,'ub,ic 801,001 tirm ,n aU a
rompulRor' Bcho"1 attendance law.
optional, however, with the various
counties; an act allowing women to
serve on school commit fees, boards
of trustees of educational Institu
" " ,
tions and text-book commissions.
i . ' .. "
mission is confer
ring with railroad officials as to dls-
Ira ses
sion.
"The number of Superior Court
judges and judicial districts was In
creased from 16 to 20, and the State
redistrlcted. A new automobile law
imposes on owners a graduated an
nual license tax from $5 to $15 in
place of the fiat tax of $5S with SI
renewal fee.
"Among notable bills kilted were
the measure for legalized State-wide
primaries, a bill calling for a series
of State bond issues In aid of the
counties in road construction, which
would have meant the Issuance of
$24,600,000 in State bonds in forty
one years, with a provision for coun
ty bonds to be taken as security at a
higher rate of Interest, a bill fixing
the salaries of solicitlrs and a bill
providing for a uniform plan of ex
amination and certification of public
school teachers.
11 Kv- J- w- ! TUOfliLK.
Ua Arretted in Atlanta for Hal anc
Iu on IHamond Ring,
Saturday's Atlanta Journal state
Rev. J. W. Ham. former J.f.,.
.w r. "... . .
.' ui iue uapusi laDernacie. in
I .
mui, ma temporarily unaer ar-
cat. iui luuouaj lor qis xaiiure to
pay balance due on a $325 diamond
ring, which he had purchased on tb
installment plan from a Macon. Ga..
jeweler more than a year ago. Mr.
Ham explained to tbe Journal that be
had been receiving only about $40 a
month and found IHmpossible to fin
ish paying for the ring. It was fur
ther stated that friends of Mr. Ham
were trying to make up the balance
due on the ring. Tfce Journal also
states that Mr. Ham has done evan
gelistic work in North Carolina. If
this reporter, is not mistaken Mr.
Ham created some little excitement
down at Newbern sometime ago when
he walked in there to reform that
town.
Death of Mr. Daniel I. KossWl.
Mrs. Sarah Amanda Russell, widow
of former Governor Daniel L. Russell,
died Tuesday evening at her home la
Brunswick County, after an illness
of several months.
    

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