North Carolina Newspapers

No. 13.
aaau nun ixiiui jl lilljlj
Makes a Number of Slashing Re
dactions in Present Duties
Will be Forced to Meet Prices of For
eign Pauper Labor Will Take
Keren ue From the Income Tax to
Meet the Ieflcit Caused by Free
Trade President Wilfton Breaks
Another I Precedent Ills Last Spec
tacular More Was to Go to Con
gress and Head Ills Message in Per-
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Washington, D. C. April 8. 1913.
On yesterday, at noon. Congress
met in extra session, with both
Houses In complete control of the
Democratic party. This is the second
time since the war that the Demo
cratic party has had the Presidency
and both Houses of Congress, and
therefore, in complete and absolute
control of the goyernment.
The Democratic majority in the
Senate is six, while the majority in
the House is so big that nobody cares
to remember what it is. The number
of new members in the House of Rep
resentatives breaks all records. It
amounts to 156 absolutely raw re
cruits. The Democratic Tariff Hill.
Soon after the opening of Congress
the new Democratic tariff bill was in
troduced. That bill makes a large
number of slashing reductions in
present duties. Many of the reduc
tions on manufactured products are
so great that it is almost certain that j
the manufacturing enterprises affect
ed by them will be forced to close
down, and this means not only thous
ands of silent smoke stacks and tens
upon tens of thousands of idle work
men marching the streets looking for
work and begging for bread, as we
saw under the Cleveland administra
tion, but it means that our people
will be forced to buy a large part of
such manufactured articles from for
eign countries.
Such a bill will be a Godsend to
the pauper laborers and manufactur
ers of foreign countries. The foreign
manufacturers will have a great field
open to them in America, for the sale
of their products, providing the
Americans are able to buy them, but
how are idle laborers going to be
able to buy such products or even the
necessaries of life.
A Hard Lick to the Farmer and
Wealth Producer.
The bill not only gives a hard lick
to the manufacturing interests and
the laborers in their factories, but it
gives a still harder lick to the farmer
and wealth producer. In their case,
duties are not only reduced, but as to
a number of important industries and
products they are absolutely wiped
out. For instance, lumber, wool,
meats, fish, breadstuffs, flour, lard,
hogs, dairy products, potatoes, vege
tables, citrus fruits, poultry, grain,
hay, cattle, and all of the fruits are
placed on the free list.
Thus the farmer is forced to face
the cheap pauper labor of the world.
Under this condition, while the things
that we buy will be some cheaper, the
all important question now is, will we
he able to buy them, no matter at
what price they are offered. There
never was a time In the history of this
country, since the war, when things
were cheaper than under the Cleve
land administration, but it is well
known that under that administra
tion our people were not able to buy
anything, no matter how cheap it
In this connection it is interest
ing to note that the committee, in its
report in support of this bill, uses the
following significant statement "the
future growth of our great industries
lies beyond the seas." This seems to
be a wonderfully frank and cruel con
fession. It seems clear that one thing
is certain and that is that our pros
perity -will be transferred to lands be
yond the seas. If such a bill is pass
ed, all doubt about the next President
and the next Congress will be re
moved. The Income Tax Provision.
One of the significant provisions of
this bill is an income tax, which it is
figured will raise revenue amounting
to one hundred and fifty million dol
lars and it Is admitted that It will be
necessary to raise this much revenue
from the Income tax, to meet the de
ficit caused by throwing the country
practically on a free trade foreign
The Democratic position was, as
far as any one has been able to under
stand it, for reducing the tariff to
simply a revenue basis, now they pro
pose to cut it to a point one hundred
and fifty million dollars below that
basis. If our people are to be thrown
!8u3denl lnt0 competition with the
rree pauper labor or tne world, then
how will we be able to pay any in
come tax which cornea as a burden
upon peopie who have been placed In
a position where they are not able to
pay. In short, it seems to be another
case "of killing the goose that lays
the golden egg."
President Wilson Breaks Another
Today the President of the United
States, instead of sending his message
to both Houses of Congress, as usual,
has performed the spectacular in go
ing to Congress in person and reading
his message. It is a mild statement
to say that Congress was shocked
when they learned that the President
intended to take this course. It Is
true that there Is some precedent for
this course.
President Washington went to Con
gress and read his message in person.
His successor, John Adams did the
same, but when Thomas Jefferson be
came President he decided to reverse
this policy and to send his message to
Congress in writing on the ground
that the executive and legislative de
partments were separate and distinct
and there should be no apparent ef
fort on the part of the executive to
exert an undue Influence on Congress
by going in person. Resides, it was
pointed out that going to Congress in
person to deliver a message was cop
ied from the custom in England,
when the king goes to the opening of
Parliament to deliver his message
from the throne.
The father of the Democratic par
ty wanted to get rid of this monarch
ical custom, copied from England. It
is strange that a Demoeratis Presf
dent should want to reinaugurate a
policy followed by two Federalist
Presidents, which was repudiated by
Jefferson and which has not been fol
lowed by any President since. If
there was any good purpose to be
served by the President going to Con
gress in person, then the country
would applaud this breaking of prec
edent or this establishing of a new
precedent, but no one will claim any
good purpose can be accomplished
thereby. Therefore, the surprise ex
pressed by people of all parties that
President Wilson should take such an
unusual and unnecessary course,
which is simply spectacular, and of
no practical purpose.
Eugene Smith, the New York Tam
many leader, was shot and killed Fri
day on Park Row by four gangsters.
The police learned that Smith recent
ly became involved in a gang feud
and had received threats on his life.
The passenger depot and freight
warehouse of the Norfolk Southern
railroad at Dover and locomotive
shed belonging to the Goldsboro Com
pany, were destroyed by fire Sunday
The reign of the Socialists in Cali
fornia has terminated, for a time at
least, as the result of primary elec
tions held in that State recently. Only
one Socialist candidate was success
ful at the polls, and that was a wo
man. An executive order was issued at
Richmond, Va., Saturday by the
Chesapeake & Ohio Railway tempor
arily closing all shops on the system
until traffic conditions which have
been hampered by floods in the Mid
dle West are restored to normal.
William K. Sharp, of Asheville, has
brought suit against the Biltmore Box
Factory for the sum of $10,000 for
alleged personal injuries claimed to
have been sustained while the plain
tiff was employed by the defendant.
Sharp lost two fingers while at work
in the shop.
Hundreds of corporations will be
relieved from paying the Federal cor
poration tax by a decision Monday of
the Supreme Court to the effect that
corporations leasing all their proper
ty and having no income except that
yielded by the lease, are not "doing
business" and therefore are not sub
jected to the tax.
More than 150,000,000 parcel post
packages were mailed during the
three months the system has been in
operation, according to computations
announced Saturday by postal ex
perts and based upon reports from
rthe fifty largest post-offices. Ap
proximately 55 per cent more busi
ness was handled in March than in
W. G. Baldwin, a prominent mer
chant and sawmill man, and a man
of considerable means, of Castle
Haynes, near Wilmington, was sen
tenced to three years in the peniten
tiary by Judge Justice. Baldwin, who
was at the time drunk, shot a negro
woman, following an altercation with
her husband, causing amputation of
the leg and loss of child.
Tries to Persuade Mrs. Bilkins
That Wilson Would
Fix Things
Democrat Will Use Wicked Lan-
guage Against the Trust as Usual,!
But That I. All Everybody to be!JIn' nd everal othr stIonB of
North Carolina are as dry as a bone. ,
Iut on the Pension Boll This Time Whether intentional or not. the Webb j
Democrat Trying to Give Many anti-liquor shipment bill has cut sev-
i eral sections of the State away from
Millions for Pensions, Though Mo fan sources of supply, except by wa-
of the Soldiers are Dead Good 8. buggy, automobile or leg power.
Roads and Promises.
Correspondence of The Caucasian
Bilklnsville. N. C, April 7, 1913.
Me an' Betsy hev bin havin a great
time "makin' gardin " an slch like.
I tole the old woman that owin' to
. i i .. . u j . i
Billv Jennines
rresment Wilson an
Bryan air runnin' things. But Betsy
allers wuz sort ov a Populist-Uepubli-kin
an haint much faith In Dyma
krat "politicks since Cle'veland ( broke
into politicks an' purty nigh broke
the country.
plant corn, beans, cabbage, parsnips j
an' inguns?" axed Betsy, "an' will!
IUC CUilUt: IU IUC ItUUilUiBliailUU wt: v....
need not be very particular about , D!s,rict Superintendent, to the effect
givin' any special attention to garden ithat 'the Southern Express Company
truck durln" the next four years az j Proposes to comply strictly and im -
they send sich things around free?"!CIear wn' some sections are exempt
"I reckon not." sez I "though ! from the working of the Webb law.
' ... ..........
some ov uz ueieeve in
j.ipv in fr traHp
(When the Republikins air in the
saddle.) No, they iz not goin' to
be anything free," sez I. "We air
goin' to reduce the tariff horizonally
an' perpendicular, too, an' we air go
in' to use wicked language against
the trusts with one hand an' pat 'em
on the back with the other hand. The
way we air goin' to give releef an'
make everybody feel gude iz by put -
tin' everybody on the pension roll.iinac ine &ouinern express company
Ov course. I know that we Dvmakrats ! has issud ironclad orders with re
raised a lot ov fuss about the Fed -
: i.i. i ...
xie" fusion usi uem o iar0 mat
paid to the Union soldiers. We call
ed hit a big steal an' said hit wuz
powerfully onreasonable an' told the
voters in the South that we would fix
awl ov that. Didn't we fix hit? Whar
the Republicans had been payin' mil
lions in pensions we through the last
Congress, a Dymakrat outfit, made
the list several times az large az hit ; ure and Mr- Webb has himself de
ever had been an who iz kickin' j clared that the express companies
against hit? Certainly not the Fed-i have gone much furtfaer than the bill
eral soldiers, for eight out ov ten ov ! PrPsed- The layman had come to
them are dead, for the war hez been be,ieve tnat tne Webb bill would
over nearly fifty years, an most 0viamount to nothin& jn so far as the
them air dead an can't kick. Butactual shiPment of liquor went, and
we Dymakrats air still eivin thPm ! the belief now is that the express
pensions an speeches pensions that
most ov 'em canjt collect an speeches
they can't hear. Ov course hit looks
like we promised to do one thing an
did somethin' else. But that iz awl
rite; we Dymakrats are consistent in
But I wuz talkin about makin'
gardin'. Betsy hez bin lookin' around
to get her beans, peas, an' mustard
seed tergether fer the last two
months. She sez she saved plenty ov
seeds ov awl kinds. But she can't
find 'em. She saved ennuff tomato
seed to plant two acres, she says, but
not one ov them kin be found. Betsy
axed me to help her hunt things an
intimated that I orter sorter bend my
back an' help to dig an' plant. But
I just can't do hit. We Dymakrats
hev got a big job ov makin' gude
roads on our hands rite now. An
the last Legislature promised to give
the dear people six months free
scnoois an" reduced taxation. Wo
added about $25,000 to the general ! of tDe medical dispensary,
school fund, which, when the votes! "In Burke County no deliveries
air counted, will add about six hours 'shall be made save to a bona fide
to the leigth ov the school term an
maybe the six honors will be con
sumed in holding' farmers' institutes
or somethin' foreign to education.
But what air you goin' to do about
hit, dear people? These farmers' in
stitutes air great institutions. The
men who run them, If separated
from the Natienal and State pay-roll
would awl starve to death in six
weeks, so Betsy sez, I don't know
anythin about hit myself. Her argy
ment Iz that a man who don't know
anythln about farmln' can't tell oth
ers how to do hit. Why, North Caro
lina spent thousands ov dollars a few
years ago to cure ordinary toe itch
an' made so much fuss over hit an
the danger ov Iettln hit go on with
out careful treatment that a gude
many folks went crazy over hit. The
thing wuz worse than a mad dog
scare. The whole thing, after hit
boiled down, ended in a prohibition
campaign an' sand clay public roads
which air worth about 30 cents a
mile or nothin'. But we separated
the dear people from their money an'
raised taxes 30 to 50 per cent, an
so everybody iz happy once more. We
built a sand clay road from Bilklns
ville to Pine Hill an several people
(Continued on page 3.)
' Some OberrsvlJoa Ouncerolaj: I J-
quor Shipments in General, aad
Certain Shipmenu In ParUrtalar
Working of the Webb IU11 A
Wall lYora Certain Section.
j Some few section of the country
jare temporarily without drink, and
1 are asking the court to rellefe the
' situation
A reporter of the Greens-
boro News gives the folowing turn-
i mrv f tfc it.i.tfnn
" Aleoholically speaking. High
Local Manager W. W. Allen, of the.
Southern Express Company, stated I
yesterday that instructions had been:
sent out to all agents that no dellv-j
erieB of whiskey should be made in ,
Anson, Burke. Cabarrus, Cherokee.'
Macon and Rutherford Counties ami
High Point township, Guilford Coun -
ty. Accompanying these Instructions
. . . .
as a siatpmPTiT rrnm 11 i HQior
plIcitly with the ,aw ln regard to
! shipments of intoxicating liquors into
certain sections of North Carolina
and otner States in which it does bus-
iness.'. The whole of South Caro-!
lina is included in the territory in!
which no deliveries of whiskey are :
to be made.
"To the laymen it is not exactly
Jt is explained tnat local bills, on the
books for years, have the effect under ; aid in keeping the pledges of their -uu m)m Mltn arh 0enby. daugh
the Webb law of makintr it unlawful party. ter of the nlor Owenby. which sum
for the express companies to deliver
whiskey, whether interstate business
or not. in me case or liign I'omt, ed aside all Imaginary boundaries be
the charter provides that no whisky tween Congress and the executive of
may be sold. The High Point char-; five and rescued himself, as he ex
ter also prohibits the establishment ! pressed it. from that "isolated island
cf pool or bowling rooms. It is with; of jealous authority" which the rresi-
!a PurPse of being on the safe sidejdenoy had come to be regarded.
I gard t0 deliveries in certain States,;
' counties and townshiDS whfr rathpr I
, ,j . . ' . . .
uncertain ana untested laws have
been passed. The policy of the ex-
press company is to deliver no whis -
key where there is the least ground
for doubt about the law.
"Liquor houses at Richmond have
alreadv Ktartpd lpp-ai nrnpoaHin n
. - - o - - f vv- ;
test the legality of the Webb meas-
companies have taken an extreme
precaution. The Webb bill made it
unlawful to carry whiskey Into pro
hibition territory for purposes of sale,
but does not prohibit its transporta
tion for private purpose. In other
words, it is unlawful to order It if
you want to sell it, but permission to
order for private consumption.
"The order as affecting High Point
went into effect Friday, and it is said
Jamestown, five miles distant and on
a fine macadam, has already become
a very popular point for High Point
ers. A resident from Jamestown
here yesterday said Saturday's ex
press brought at least two wagon
loads of liquor to that place for High
Point parties.
The instructions sent out by Su
perintendent Sadler are as follows:
"In North Carolina no shipments
of intoxicating liquors shall be deliv
ered in Anson County to any save
bona fide druggists and the manager
druggist, the State Hospital, the
North Carolian School for the Deaf
and Dumb, Broad Oaks Sanitorium
and Grace Hospital.
"In Cabarrus, Cherokee, Macon
and Rutherford Counties no deliver
ies of intoxicating liquors shall be
made to any save bona fide druggists.
"In High Point township no deliv
eries of Intoxicating liquors shall be
made to any one."
Child Murdered Near Waynesrille by
Starring it to Death.
A press dispatch from Waynesville
Saturday night says:
Mrs. Nancy Kerlee, an aged woman
of the Jonathan Creek section of
Haywood, is in jail here charged with
the murder of her three-year-old
granddaughter, held as the result of
the verdict of the coroner's jury that
the child came to its death by its
grandmother through exposure and
privation. The body of the child was
found in the mountains near the
home of the accused; and it was in
evidence that it had been penned in
amon the rock cliffs. The child was
the daughter of the old woman's
daughter, Lizzie, who was married a
short time ago to Will Putnam, who
is held as a witness.
e J t i c in
Una DeioTe htniit and House
and Delirers His Own
Preidel Aked for a THoruh lie.
ilon of the Tariff and Said There
Wa Xfwd fur an F-arly Ueforro In
the Hanking and Cttrnwjr Uh.
But Seated Thai Tariff HevUJoa
Oome Flrt Meage- Heferred to
Xo Particular Schedule -111 1WJ-
nlte View. Will be Contained In the
Tariff IU11 Which He U Now Om-
Washington. I) C. April s Pre.
1 idnt Wilson today abridged the gap
i that for over a century has pparated
. .... .
j ecutive and legislative branches of
j the government.
! Not as a cog in a machine, not as
, me duoim or nunnr mi ih r.
i an impersonal Dolltical entitv. nor as
a mere department of government.
but as the human President, he went
to Congress to speak about the tariff
Standing before the Senate and
House in joint session as no other
President had done for more than a
hundred years. President Wilson stat-
' ed imply and tersely what he
i mougnt snouhl be done for the wel-
fare of the country and asked his leg-
..... ..
isiative coiieairues. man to man. o
j With a sweep of decision that shat
: tered precedent, the President brush -
President Wilson's Messjige.
Washington. I. C. April S. Pres-i
idont Wnndrnw Vi!nr. rw1;iv ilMlrnr. i
I ... -
ed his nrst message to the sixty-third t
j Congress, convened in extraordinary'
j session. It was an unusually brief;
! message, dealing exclusively with the;
I need for a thorough, moderate and i
j well-considered revision of the tariff, i
1 The President drew attention to the!
necessity ior an eany reiorm in tnej
banking and currency laws but re-
frained, he said, from urging, for the j
present, any other legislation that j
might divert the energies of Congress j
"from its clearly defined duty" to- j
ward the tariff question. ;
. M M T a i
The message referred to no partic -
ular schedule, mentioned no rates,
and included no statistics. It was an
enunciation of the President's prin
ciples on tariff revision. His specific
views and ideas as to rates and dut
ies, it has been generally accepted,
will be contained in the tariff bill It
self which he is now considering in
detail. The President's decision to
put the weight of the administration's
influence behind the bill with Its var
ious schedules as drawn by the
House Ways and Means Committee
caused him to omit specific reference
to tariff rates until the measure was
finally agreed upon ln the opening
days of the present session.
The message urged that special
privilege and exemptions from com
petition be cut out of the nation's tar
iff system and that the revision be
made "to square with the facta as
they are." At the outset, the Presi
dent called attention to the party's
pledge for tariff reduction.
Ik-mocratK Now Favoring Ship Sub -
aidy. j
tk t i , T,M i
The Lincoln Times. i
By gum! The Democratic spell-j
binders have always handed out vol-!
umes of hot air against the dangers
of a "ship subsidy." When S. 8. Mc
Ninch ran for Congress and advocat
ed a ship subsidy Yates Webb got red
in the face and said it meant building
up the shipbuilders' trust and a tax
on the people. It was a horrible
thing to contemplate. Yet last week
Mr. Wilson and Mr. Underwood de
cided to Incorporate a ship subsidy
provision In the new tariff law. Boys,
just watch 'em. If you are fair
minded you are going to soon learn
that they have been preaching one
thing for your votes but are going to
try to practice just the opposite thing
because they know it means pros
perity for the people. What care
they for consistency? They already
have your votes.
Suffragette in England and Scotland
Still on a Rampage.
The suffragettes in London have
been very active the past few days
destroying property as a protest
against the imprisonment of some of
their number. Buildings have been
burned and many mail boxes destroy
ed, and the end Is not ln sight.
m iniK.irrri-H hwk hkmimx
liafrd at Opxmiac cf rr Aa-
lag f ir ffraa-e Mar Maa
ale Huum ilrttrarU
Wfc.bltctoa. D . xt r 7 -Tie
Houm nd Senate tvatcted at coca
to Jay ia th ftrtt o a f tfc Sit
l y -1 h i r xi i'csjrr Tfc rt fcut ;
of tte o. tfce tttridstton
of the tariff till PoruUf ictof' si.
tar feed to ttse dmootrs!k& bjr -
; Brtl '. demanded early
"ioo tj octrr upon a cctua
tlonal aaeBdneet gtttag otnrr, tfce
r!l to ,ot
I'urlng the earij part of tk pr
reelings :c tr.e iioum a man giitag
the uazae of George CleCJtsef. of
Monroe, N. C . created or.Httt.kUn
tj loud criea of "Mr. Chairman
When he was Jed ul f the galleries
mnd lDt th Ws ha
aid h mas ft "herald of the Prlata
of peace and desired to d!lr a m.
fr'ci Christ."
.. " .
Italian Nne for Heroieev
mrot Fund. A1m
for IlWng Shot.
WaU lxne
Ahellle. April 5 The sequel to
lh "booting of Pletro Fiwralattl. to
Italiari !horer. by K. A Oaenty and
, Xa k" -IiDy. father and son. at the
i noniM r ,nf nr, nt-r Murphy iat
' Janury. as rltten today, whi-n the
' Itallan fll'J Jts which reral an
; UIlusual chain of circumstances,
,n ono su,t icalattl eks to re-
,coer i".4,y carnages for personal
m mv ntnm oi me
defendant father and son, ad In a
li.-nr-. (1 aiiit ... 1 .
- "v"" " l" " vw ' r 1 .
'the Pallan alleges he deposited lth
1 ;Ml!f ? t"by 88 7,d'nc of hu
faith in his promise to marry her.
The plaintiff alleges that h n he
came back to this country sit months
ago, the young lady's love had grown
cold, that fhe refused to marry him
or give him back his $1,200, and that
on January 10. of this car. ho was
shot and severely injured by the
girl's father and brother, when he
(Fiscallatti) refused to leave the
a nrum xv(tht utm
-No,ih anl Souili Carolina Mill Men
sr Tariff Law Will Huin In-
Several cotton mill men from this
state and from South Carolina who
were In Washington first few days of
this week entered their protests
against the cotton schedule in the
proposed new tariff bill. They claim
it wi ruln tne colton lnju.try ln
!the South. That some of the mills
will either have to close down or
make a cheaper grade of goods. Some
of these mill men declare they ar
not as strong Demcx-ats now as they
were before the election
IlepubliraAA Hold Oauras.
The first Republican caucus of the
Sixty-third Congress was held in
Washington Saturday night in the
hall of the House of Representatives.
Its purpose was to nominate Repre
sentative James R. Mann, of Illinois,
as Republican candidate for Epeaker,
and to talk over the political situa
tion. There was a good deal of
Ciokisboro Has $200,000 Fire,
A press dispatch sent out from
Goldsboro Monday says:
"Fire starting from an unknown
origin, destroyed early to-day th
store and warehouse of W. H. Win
stead here and spread to two adjoln-
Ing cotton warehouses before It was
brought under control. The store
ani warehouse were entirely destrov-
. ....
ed. Damage to baled cotton stored
In the warehouses was estimated to-
day at $200,000."
Tar Heel Boy and Girl Abandon Baby
in ItUhmotMl.
Richmond. Va.. April 7. Leaving
a ten-days-old baby cooing on a bed
In the Gilbert Hotel. F. T. Fergus. 21
years old, of Wilmington. S. C. and
Miss Mary Bowden. IS years old. of
Goldsboro. S. C. acknowledged par
ents of the baby, were taken In charge
today just as they were boarding a
train for the South, charged with tie
child's abandonment. The young man
was sent to jail pending a hearing to
morrow, and the girl was sent to the
Maternity home.
A Turkish Army Surrender With
15,000 Men.
Cettlnje. March 24 DJavld Pasha,
with a Turkish army numbering 15.
000 men, has surrendered to the Ser
vians on the Sknmbl River In Al
bania. Havana Is going to open a couple
of municipal restaurants next month
and serve plain meals socp, meat,
rice, coffee and milk at 10 cents a
meal, Spanish silver.

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