RALEIGH, ISJ. C. THURSDAY, IViAV 8, 1913.
POU COXTEMIT OF COURT.
Jadge Ferguson Orders Bladen Co tin- i
Ij Commissioners to Appear in 1
Fajetteville Today to Answer j
Fayetteville, May 5. As a result
f a refusal to hold a prisoner whom
Judge Garland S. Ferguson held for
a 1200 peace bond, the county com- '
mlssioners of Bladen County, C. W.
Lyon, A. A. Clark and A. L. Tatum,
have been ordered to appear before
Judge Ferguson here Thursday and
show cause why they should not be
held in contempt of court and re
ceive the punishment prescribed by
This situation grew out of the ac
tion of Judge Ferguson, at the
March term of Bladen criminal
court, in requiring that Jeff Davis,
a white man, convicted of some
rime, be not released at the expira
tion of his thirty-day sentence until
no bed given a justified peace bond
f $200 on account of threats he
a ad made against Deputy Sheriff A.
A. Wright. At the expiration of
Davis' sentence recently he was un
able to give bond and the commis
sioners refused to hold him longer.
The punishment for this offense is
discretionary with the judge.
Cumberland Commissioners Indicted
At the last term of Cumberland
County court, Judge Ferguson had
the Cumberland commissioners in
dleted for disobeying a grand jury
eraer to have the jail and court
TRYING TO 11LOW UP LONDON.
Snffragettes Are Placing Bombs in
Churches, Drug-Stores and News
paper Oflices Desperate After De
feat. London, May 7. An attempt to
wreck the ancient St. Paul's Cathe
dral by a bomb to-day is attributed
The vergery who conducts sight
seers through the massive edifice,
making his morning rounds, heard a
ticking sound near the altar. Inves
tigation disclosed a hidden heavy
parcel wrapped in brown paper. He
plaeed it in water and gave it to the
police, who found a suffragette paper
wrapped around the explosive.
This attempt and the placing of
two other bombs in other parts of
the city showed that the suffragettes
have entered anew on a havoc-working
campaign following the decisive
defeat of the woman suffrage meas
ure in the House of Commons.
Soon after the discovery of the
hemb at the cathedral edifice, the
police found a similar bomb-like
package on the steps of a newspaper
ffice in Fleet Street.
A tin canister containing explos
ives was discovered on the steps of a
drug-store establishment near St.
Several buildings have been burn
ed and other property destroyed.
Sntfragettee seem desperate follow
ing defeat of woman suffrage bill in
the House of Commons Tuesday.
PREDICTS WAR WITH JAPAN.
fix-Senator Towne Says That Wo Will
Have to Fight th Japs for Con
trol of the Pacific.
"Washington, D. C, May 6. "Soon
er r later we'll have to fight Japan
fer the control of the Pacific. It is
Bimply a question of whether Japan
has believed the time has come to
strifce." This was declared hy form
er Senator Towne at the White House
t-day in discussing the situation
raised hy California alien land bill.
"I served as counsel to the Emper
or ef Korea and I have come in con
tact with most of the leading men of
Japan, so I therefore feel I know
what I am talking about. People
whs do not understand are simply
ilrasioned when they say Japan is
frieadly to the United States."
Semator Towne declared there was
Jast one way to preserve peace and
that was to have a fleet that was the
equal of Japan's plus that which any
ether power would he likely to send
Into the Pacific to take sides with
Why, on the face of things Japan
must expand. Crowded into a region
o higger than the State of Mon
tana, with 50,000,000 people, a na
tion intensely proud and intensely
Elizabeth City Citizen Foretold His
Elizabeth City, May 6. The dec
laration that he would die before
day, was the first intimation that the
family of Walter Jennings had that
he was seriously ill. He told his
wife to send for some neighbors,
that he did not want her to be alone
when he died. She remonstrated
against sending for any one, but he
persisted, and she summoned some cf
the meighbors. He went to bed and
soon fell asleep. He awoke a little
later very ill, and continued to grow
worse, and died before 2 o'colck Sun
THE NEW TARIFF BILL
Has Already Caused Cotton to Drop
More Than Five Dollars
I lotte, died suddenly Monday morn
FARMERS DENOUNCE THE Billing from a stroke of apoplexy.
Will Drive Thousand of Voters Away
From Democratic Party A Major
ity of the oters of the Country
Aro for Protection The Position
of the Progressive Congressmen
Joke Discovered in the New Tariff
Dill steel Trust Gets Favors
Wilson and Bryan Fall Down on
California and Japante Situation.
Special to The Caucasian.
Washington, D. C, May 6, 1913.
The National Farmers' Union,
through a meeting of Its executive
board, just held, in New Orleans,
has passed resolutions denouncing
the pending Democratic tariff bill.
The radical cuts made in the tariff,
by this bill, are denounced generally
as being in the interests of foreign
manufacturers and foreign laborers.
Special mention, however, is made
of the fact that the attack made on
the cotton schedule will not only
close up many cotton mills but has
already had the effect of reducing
the price, on cotton, to the farmers
of more than five dollars a bale.
The action of the Farmers' Union
in passing these resolutions is most
significant inasmuch as the whole
membership of this great organiza
tion is made up of farmers and inas
much as at least nine-tenths of the
membership of this organization is
composed of men who were born and
raised as Democrats.
Marked Uneasiness Among Demo
This action on the part of the Na
tional Farmers' Union, together with
protests coming up from manufac
turers, farmers and laborers, all over
the country, has produced a marked
uneasiness, to say the least, among
a large part of the Democratic Con
gressmen and has rattled some of
They all know and admit that the
Democratic party did not secure a
majority of the votes at the last elec
tion. They know and admit that
their party must gain votes instead
of losing votes, to have any show of
victory two years and four years
from now. They all know and some
of them admit that the pending Dem
ocratic tariff bill will not bring a sin
gle vote to the Democratic party but
will drive tens of thousands from it
in every quarter of the country.
Therefore, the state of mind of these
Congressmen and politicians is some
thiag really distressing. As one
Democrat expressed it to-day: "We
are between the devil and the deep
blue sea, and that we will be damned
if we do, and be damned if we
A Progressive member, from the
West, who was standing by remarked
that he was "Not concerned whether
the Democratic party was damned
from the right or from the left, but
that he clearly saw that the country
was going to be damned any way as
a result of their ignorance and folly."
The Position of the Progressive Con
gressmen. Congressman Murdock, of Kansas,
the leader of the Progressives in the
House has been making a splendid
fight against the Democratic tariff
bill and also against the position of
the standpat Republicans. He has
shown the folly and the hypocrisy
of the Democratic bill and the evils
that will result from its passage. He
has, at the same time shown that it
was the blind selfishness of the
standpat Republicans in forcing
through the Payne-Aldrich tariff bill,
in the interests of certain monopo
lies and trusts, that has brought up
on the country the greater calamity
of a Democratic tariff.
He has pointed out that a major
ity of the voters of the country are
for protection and so voted, by a big
majority at the last election. He has
pointed out that the millions of vot
ers who repudiated Taft, and voted
for Roosevelt, did it, not as an en
dorsement of the Democratic posi
tion, but did it in the interests of
protection, because they considered
the extreme reactionary position of
Payne and Aldrich, while not so bad
as the extreme action of the Demo
cratic party, yet one that would dis
credit protection as a great American
principle. He has declared that if
the voters who favored protection
had supposed that there was any dan
ger of a Democratic victory, that
they would have gotten together on
some basis to save the country from
In a recent speech he stated that
"the Democratic party, knowing that
they did not have the endorsement
(Continued on page 2.)
i . i
BRIEF NEWS ITEMS.
Dr. John H. Moss, of Henderson,
died suddenly Sunday night of neu
ralgia of the heart.
Ex-Mayor P. M. Brown, of Char-
Twenty thousand suffragettes pa
j raded the streets of New York Sat
urday and were loud In their de
mands for the suffrage.
Great Britain Saturday recognized
the Mexican government of Huerta;
much suffering is reported from gulf
ports as a result of the revolution.
Reports from Mexico City indi
cate that from 1,200 to 1,500 lives
have been lost in engagements out
side of Senora during the past week.
A dispatch to a London news
agency says that the Montenegrin
cabinet has resigned as a protest
against the policy of evacuation of
The eleventh annual meeting of
the North Carolina Federation of
Woman's Clubs convened in New
hern Tuesday.' The meeting will
last four days.
Albert Highsmith shot and killed
Julius Sumpter in Wilmington Sat
urday. The police captured High
smith Sunday about three miles
London suffragettes set fire to the
residence of the editor of the Light
at Finchley Saturday night. The
fire was extinguished before serious
damage was done.
Dr. Lyman H. Abbott was deposed
as a vice-president of the Peace So
ciety at St. Louis Saturday because
he signed the Navy League's petition
for increased armament.
La Grange, in Lenoir County, had
a severe fire Friday night. A num
ber of stores in the business section
of the town were burned. The loss
is estimated at $60,000.
Fire Monday destroyed the big
plant of the American Fertilizer
Company at Buffalo, N. Y. The loss
will reach almost a million dollars.
Twenty buildings were burned.
In a fit of mental depression, Mrs.
Newt Leatherwood, wife of a promi
nent farmer living near Waynesville,
Haywood County, committed suicide
Tuesday morning by drowning.
Edward B. Slater, a lawyer of
Warrenton, Va., died in Washington,
D. C, Monday from infection of the
brain due to an ulcerated tooth. The
case has baffled the Washington doc
tors. The Mocksville Record says that
within two weeks 40,000 empty tin
cans were unloaded at Mocksville
and hauled out to points in Tadkin
County, where they will be filled
with various fruits.
A large copper still of ninety gal
lons capacity was captured in Sum
ner Township, Guilford County,
Monday morning. Charles Rayle, al
leged owner of the still, is in Guil
ford's jail in default of bond.
The North Carolina Press Asso
ciation will, hold its next session at
Asheville, July 23-24. Mr. James
H. Caine, editor of the Asheville
Citizen, is President and Mr. J. B.
Sherrill, of Concord, is Secretary.
Lawrence Yerger, clerk of the
board of prison trustees at Jackson,
Miss., was arrested Sunday charged
with being a defaulter in the sum
of $14,627. Yerger is said to have
acknowledged to Governor Brewer
that he was short in his accounts.
The English suffragettes 'are still
getting in their work. The freight
depot of the Midland Railroad at
Bradford, England, was totally de
stroyed by fire Monday, entailing a
loss of five hundred thousand dol
lars. Suffragettes literature was
scattered about the premises.
Haitien Congress Saturday elected
Michel Oreste President of the Re
public to succeed Gen. Tancrede Au
guste, who died Friday night. Oreste
was a senator. Both before and af
ter election serious disorders occur
red. Many women and children
were trampled and seriously injured.
The Eastern railroads have decid
ed to ask permission of the Inter
state Commerce Commission to make
a horizontal increase of about 5 per
cent in freight rates throughout the
territory east of the Mississippi as a
result of the decisions of the arbi
tration committees granting increas
ed wages to their engineers and firemen.
I1UVA.VS MISSION t'AILS.
California IWUturv Pm Anil
Alien I -an d I.ji -fioteroor John
son Withholding signature a Few
Day at President's Keqartt.
Sacramento. Cal.. May 5. The
California anti-alien land holding
act, which passed both bouse of the
Legislature within two hour after
bringing about one of the most un
usual situations in the history of the
nation, wiii lie on Governor John
son's desk without his signature un
til Secretary of State Bryan can con
fer with President Wilson In Wash
ington. This will mean a delay of
nearly a week, as Secretary Bryan
left here last evening and will not
reach the National Capital until
Wednesday night or Thursday morn
ing. Governor Johnson will wait, he
says, "a reasonable time" for what
ever protests the government may
make, after which he will sign the
bill. He is required by law to sign
or veto all acts passed up to him
hy the Legislature within ten days
of final passage, provided the en
acting body remains In session for
that length of time; otherwise he
has thirty days.
Don't Want Wliat They Voted For.
In a letter written by W. A. Roys
ter, Secretary of the Carolina Mon
azite Miners' Association, Mr. Roys
ter appeals to us to write an editorial
and "get your people worked up on
this subject" of more tariff on mona
zite. He i3 evidently a Democrat
and is one of those who want high
tariff but is so hide-bound and preju
diced that he will not come out hon
estly for what he wants and needs,
namely, a protectivetariff. He says
"If adequate revenue duties are
placed on monazite" that will save
the monazite industry. "Revenue
duties," indeed. Now, pray what
does Mr. Royster and the other mon
azite owners of this section care
about the little revenue that a tariff
on monazite would bring the gov
ernment? Is it the little revenue to
the government that they are after?
A fool knows better. What do these
people want? They want and must
iiave, a tariff- on monazite that will
protect them against the cheap Bra
zilian product. And we have been
all our lives trying to "get the peo
ple worked up" on this question of
protection to our people. And the
people would soon see It that way
were it not for men like Mr. Royster
who really want protection but who
think more of a party name than of
the welfare of the people.
When the people once realize that
they are being fooled by a lot of
one-sided, one-ideaded, prejudice
laden politicians who have but one
aim in view, namely, to keep the
Democratic party in power, no mat
ter at what cost to the people's in-
terest, this condition will be reliev
ed, and not before. Take the medi
cine, gentlemen. That's what you
REHEARING IN CONTEMPT CASE.
District Court of Appeals Upholds
Judgment Against Labor Leaders,
But Sentences Are Reduced.
Washington, May 5. Contempt
of court judgments against Samuel
Gompers, John Mitchell and Frank
Morrison, for their violation of a
court's injunction in the noted Bock
Stove & Range case, 'were affrmed
today by the District Court of Ap
peals, but the jail sentences impos
ed were held to have been too se
vere, so the court reduced Gompers'
sentence from one year to thirty
days, and declared that Mitchell and
Morrison should merely be fined
$500 each. The lower court sent
enced Mitchell to nine months and
Morrison to six. The Supreme Court
of the United States undoubtedly
will be asked to again review the
Two Guilford County Ladies Bitten
By Mad Cat.
Miss Ruth Stanley, who lives just
beyond Guilford College, has a gen
uine case of hydrophobia, according
to reports received here yesterday
from the officials of the Pasteur In
stitute at Raleigh. Miss Stanley was
bitten by a rabid cat some time ago;
she took treatment at Kernersville,
and then went to Raleigh, where her
case was diagnosed as hydrophobia.
At least one other person, Mrs.
Lizzie McFarland, mother of Officer
McFarland, of the Greensboro police
force, will take the Pasteur treat
ment. Mrs. McFarland's cat bit her
on the hand last Sunday. Greens
Nobody Knows How Simmons Will
We know where Mr. Simmons
stands on the tariff proposition but
wa do not know how he is going to
BILKLNS IN WASHINGTON
He Find the White House Still and
Occnppjlnj the Sitae Location
SOME ELECTION SECRETS
Tar Heel PollboUW Adoptr!
Clerical Garb in Days Past and
(ion i InHcrml Threatened to
Imprison ro Voters If Tbej
lailrtl or Refused to Voir ltul
Had a Scheme on Hand, of tuurv
Pat Kjfctions Appeared lo be
(reused Moral txiieme So
(Correspondence of The Caucasian
Washington. D. C, May 5. 1913. i
When I last writ you I bad Juit
reached the front door ov the White
House at Washington, D. C, U. S. A
I am partickular ter specify what
the White House iz located now fei j
a whole lot ov peeple who hev bin1
readin' the Raleigh News an Dss-
turber fer years an' had bin seein'
awl about how mean the Itapubllkini
party iz had done concluded that if
we dymakrats ever should meet with i
a mishap an' carry the country ;
again that we'd each put on a red !
shirt, tank up on painted corn licker
an' wipe Washington City off the,
map an' move the capitol to Weldon,
N. C. Weldon iz the capitol ov Hal-1
lfax County an' Senator Matt Ran-j
som useter live in that county.;
Them wuz the days when North Car- j
olina wuz jist az apt to go Itaypub-j
likin az hit wuz ter go Dymakrat. i
Halifax County had a purty big ne-j
gro population, the negro voterB !
numberin' about twenty or more to!
each white voter. While the mosti
ov the niggers sorter hung to the
Raypublikin faith an' thought theyj
wuz votln' for "Massa" Grant and'
"Massa" McKinley, the pollholders,
Dymakrats, of course, would wear!
long-tailed black coats with a hymn I
book or Bible stickln out ov their
side pockets conspickuously, an with
solemn countenances an' chewin' a
clove would proceed to hold the elec
ion az per the law, keepin the polls
open from early the nite before elec
tion day till two or three days there
after, maybe, (if they thought hit
necessary). The niggers would
vote the publikin ticket, or thought
they did. The dymakrats not only
allowed them to vote az much as
they could or wished, but would in
sist on their votln' early an often.
In some cases they actually told the
niggers that they'd be imprisoned in
the pen for years if they didn't at
tend the elecion an' vote, a rite that
the constitution gives to practically
awl citizens regardless ov race or
color. Most ov the darkies would
vote an would throw awl the force
they could into the act. The 'lec
tion would go on same az If hit wuz
greased. If any ov the darkiee
showed signs ov hangin' back, the
dymakrats would pull them up to
the polls an' maybe give them a
bracer ov "red llghtnin' " to cheer
them up a bit (the same policy wuz
pursued In the various cam panes in
the interest ov prohibition In some
sections durin' the several campaigns
in lata years) the only difference
bein' that the nigger thought they
were votin' the wet ticket when in
reality they were votln hot an
strong for prohibition, not because
most ov the dymakrats were bitterly
opposed to prohibition, which wut
a fact, but for the reason that the
bosses Simmons, Daniels & Co.,
had decided that they had fooled the
voters in North Carolina about az
often az they could afford to on or-
uiuai ; issues au luuoi kaj y i m u7
game or lose out, probably forever.!
Hit worked. In that way they got I
the support ov thousands ov men!
who had not drawn a sober breath In)
many years. The nigger iz a great!
institution in our modern dymakratj
politics, provided we hev the elec-j
tion machinery well in hand an' git;
to count the votes. Of course they)
iooiea a.gooa many wnue Biuzena ai
the same time, tellin' them, when
awl other yarns failed, that prohibi
tion, via the dymakrat plan would
result in more an better licker, the
necessity for better licker bein' very
urgent at awl times in late years.
Not less than a thousand ingenious;
lies were placed In circulation an
lots ov gude people were deceived.
Az a matter ov course, there Iz noj
such a thing az prohibition an' never j
will be until the millenlum comes.
No sensible, thinkin person will be
caught with such ribald nonsense
only such az those are too busy or
careless to think out such matters,
az plausible az the idea looks, will
ever fall into such a scheme, though
there doubtless are thousands ov
gude men an' women who hev suf
fered from what appears to be a
(Continned on page 2.)
liu;ir nut: m;h Mtx.
rvt ll lire SlMt rtao f
reije.ttftrt U tiree tVtav
A 4U;tr h fron Ki&!t. H C .
Nearly a tboswai mi tw4
!a&4. lucJudicr Kts taisaeU tlo-N-r.
nrfe itjvt t 4ltro4 for!
f.re hkb re4 for r. jr taaa
twenty-four hour ia the c;ioa ur
rouUvSScs the Sut Sii4xl for th
Keeble-Mlti ic-vJ. to EilU ri of
here The Sre t Row u&4er foatrul.
The datsace will amount ( eral
Tir the buiidincs at th KCat
institution er ie4 o&l? by tee
trenuou eSort of a totx of n
headed by 8upT loteadeat Hardy.
They worked all nlcbt. HaaJreda
of cords of fuel wood were 4mltoy-
Mr. Taft Saj I-t the Patf Tkaa
Fat or Free Trade Vote For tc.
New Haven. Conn.. May- "If
are to have free trade, let's site 11."
said former President WilUata II.
Taft, Kent Professor at 1.4 w at Yal,
in a lecture on questions of a ode re
government at the university this al
lernoon. "Let the party that favom
it vote for it. Iet' try it."
Ixturr llouv of Arixma P
Anti-Allen Iand law,
Phoenii. Ariz.. May f. Ts take
the place of the enforced taeasurw
enacted a year ago, the lower Housw
of the State legislature iAd an
anti-alifii land ownership btU to-day
that is far more drastic tkaa tha
California legislation on the umi
subject. The act prohibits aty atiea
who has not declared Intention to ue
cotne a citizen from acquiring title
to real property.
Iefeutd Woman Suff rage Iremler
AMjuith Threatened to IlA4gn.
The Knglish Houhe of Commons re
jected the bill providing the right of
the ballot for women Tuesday by a
vote of 220 to 219. Premier Asqulth
threatened to resign from the Cabi
net if his colleagues ever suggested
they would not follow the policy of
IVogrewnlves Fleet City Ticket la
Polkton, N. C, May 6. In wlntar
quarters since November, Anion's
original "Bull Moose" came into his
own to-day by hla election to Polk
ton's mayoralty by a heavy majority
over J. C. Goodman, an old-line Dem
ocrat. A "Progressive" Board ol
Aldermen, consisting of Republicans
and Democrats, was also elected,
making a clean sweep of the old ad
ministration. Everything passed ol
quietly, and all will pull together for
a bigger and better Polkton.
The Progrewaive Meet City Ticket at
Graham. N. C, May 6. The Bull
Moose Republicans were victorious
in the municipal election here to-day,
electing their entire ticket by major
ities ranging from 42 to 80. William
I. Ward, the Bull Moose easel data,
defeated J. Dolph Long for mayor by
sixty-four majority. For commission
ers the following Bull Mooaers wera
elected by majorities ranglsg from
forty-two to eighty: W. H. Holt, T.
C. Montgomery, Sam P. Jackaoa. T.
S. Dickson, and T. J. Reavta.
Hoy Kwallowa Eight-Peony Mmil ajsd
Spartanburg. S. C, May f . Boyoe
Stewart, the two-year-old aoa of Ur.
and Mrs. T. P. Stewart, who Uvs
near Gowensvllle, swallowed aa t
penny nail with which he was slaying
Saturday night. He seems to be suf
fering no Inconvenience, but hla pay
rents have been greatly alarmed.
HoaiMS .May Adjourn While Heaaai
Washington. D. C, May 7. To ad
journ the House permanently when
the tariff bill is finished, in order that
the Representatives may have vaca
tions until the Senate acta on the
measure, is a plan advocated by many
Democrats. If a sufficient majority
favors the plan it will be put
Wilmington May Ue the Recall.
Wilmington. N. C. May 7. The
new council took action In appoint
ing city officials to-day that caused
an uproar. A movement for a mass
meeting of protestation and Invoking
the recall arealready under way.
Confederate Veterans Ileanioau
The Confederate Veterans' Re
union will be held at Chattanooga,
Tenn., May 27-29, this year. That
city is making extensive preparations
for their entertainment. The South
ern Railway has issued at attractive
little booklet showing map of the
veterans' camp and points of Interest
around Chattanooga. This is for free