THE VERY BEST
ONEYEAR, CASH IX ADVANCE, - $1.25
SIX MMTHS, - .75
The marriage right is over,
And though I turned aside
To keep the guests from seeing
The tears I could not hide ;
I wreathed my fact in smiling,
And led mr little brother
To meet my father's chosen,
But I could not call her mother.
She is a handsome creature.
With meek and gentle air,
With blue eyes wrapt in beaming,
WUh rich and sunny hair ;
I know he gave her
The love he bore to another,
But if she were an angel
I could not call her mother.
Last night I heard her singing
The songs I used to love,
When each dear note was uttered
By one who sings above ;
It pained my heart to hear it.
And the tears I could not smother,
r or each dear note was uttered
' By the dear voice of my mother.
My father in the sunshine
Of happier days to come
Will have forgot the sorrow
That darkened our old home.
Our hearts are no more lonely,
But I and little brother
Will still be orphan children,
God gave us but one mother.
They have removed her portrait
From its accustomed place,
And placed beside my father
A fairer, handsomer face ,
Tbev made her dear old chamber
The laundry of another ;
But 1 can never forget thee,
My own my Angel Mother.
THE HISTORIC HOME OF GEXERAL
OUR FIRST PRESIDENT S HAPPY DO
MESTIC LIFE OX THE BiXK OF
THE POTOMAC PILGRIMS
FROM ALL LAXDS VISIT
New York World.
Mount Vernon, in Fafrfax county,
Virginia, the home of Gen. George
Washington when he took his de-,
partnre for New York to be inaugu
rated the first President of the Uni
ted States, was then, as now, a beau
tiful place, and as the home of the
first citizen of the Republic one of
interest to the entire country. Gen.
Washington had inherited the estate
from his elder brother, Lawrence
Washington, who, with a keen eye
for a charming location, had made
choice of a commanding elevation
on the south bank of the Potomac
for a site for his residence. Here
he erected a comfortable farmhouse,
two stories high, with an attic, and
with wings that led off to the ser
vants' quarters. A gallery ran the
full length of the house, aud acupola
surmounted by a weather-vane
crowned the structure. Gen. Wash
ington added to the house after the
Revolution, in 1734-85, a large room
at either end, and used the one at
the north end as a banquet room and
that at the south end as a library.
They continue to be so designated to
this day. The addition, by drawing
the house ont, so to speak, improved
its appearance, and so drawn out it
passed into history. The earliest
picture of it, which was made after
it became the General's residence,
would, except in point of mechanical
finish, answer for a representation of
it to day. Over the library the Gen
eral established his sleeping-room,
and in this room he died.
The view from the side window
commanded the Potomac for miles
to the southwest, and in line with
this window and the river-landing
was built the vault, in which from
the day of his death until 1831 the
body of General Washington rested.
After his death Mrs. Washington
established herself in the room her
husband had occupied, aud for the
remaining nineteen months of her
life rarely left it. It is said that she
would draw her chair up to the side
window and gaze for hours on the
stone vault, within easy view, where
the General's body was deposited.
When her own time came the grim
messenger summoned her from the
same couch her husband had occu
pied when he yielded up his spirit.
While the mansion-house at Mt.
Vernon was a roomy building, and
would have easily answered the de
mands of the family of any Virginia
gentleman of private station, it was
too small after the Revolutionary
War closed for the residence of the
great soldier and popular hero who
occupied it It is known that he
and his accomplished wife were fre
quently in straits about making com
fortable provision for company.
They entertained a great deal and
had for their guests the most dis
tinguished people of the times. The
name of Washington was the one
that every patriot conjured with, and
the man who had enjoyed the honor
of visiting him at his home and sit
ting with him at table had something
to boast of to the last day of his ex
istence. The name of Lafayette, of
ourse, always heads the list of
Washington's guests at Mt. Vernon ;
but he was, with all his fame, only
one of a large number of eminent
men who partook of the bountiful
hospitality of that household.
There was at times something too
much of entertaining there. Gen.
and Mrs. Washington were devoted
to each other, and were never so
happy as when, with the Custis chil
dren about them, they were permit
ted to live for a short time the home
life of their own fancy. The house
hold is represented to have reflected
at such times every phase of grace
aud enjoyment. The Father of his
Country would then lay aside that
pronounced dignity and reserve
which on public occasions chillel
even the most ardent admirers, and
enter with almost frolicsome buoy-
ancy into the light and pleasing
pastimes of the sitting-room aild the
parlor. It was a musical and a
reading household. Miss . Nellie
Custis, the General's stepdaughter,
played upon both the guitar and the
harpsichord, and the General, who
played well on the flute, frequently
accompanied her. The family li
brary contained the standard works
of English authors and the latest pe
riodicals. They were within an hour'i
ride of the post at Alexandria, and
the General's correspondence brought
them the best of the news obtain
able. The family, therefore, was
altogether self-sustaining in the way
of home-provided entertainment.
But General Washington was not
content with discharging his duties
as a host. lie was a busy man at
home with the plain, every-day af
fairs of life. He had one of the
largest estates in the Commonwealth,
and he gave much of his time to its
cultivation. It contained 8,200
acres of land, finely wooded and wa
tered, and the portion under culti
vation yielded a large crop. He
raised corn, wheat, hay and a small
quantity of tobacco, aud he used the
best farming implements that the
times afforded. He owned, and em
ployed on his farm, more than two
hundred slaves. lie treated them
humanely. They were well clothed,
well fed and well lodged, and, while
he necessarilly exacted of them per
fect obedience and hard work, he
was at pains to see that they were
never abused. But for all the rich
land, the regiment of slaves to work
it and his own interest in the life of
a farmer, General Washington made
no money at farming. He was, in
deed, something of a fancy farmer,
as Horace Greely was nearly a cen
tury later. He was fond of experi
ments, and once his interest was
Ailisted in a new thing he never
counted the cost. His most human,
and, therefore, most natural side,
was his side as a farmer. The man
who never boasted of anything he
had achieved as a soldier, or of his
importance a3 the first citizen of his
country, was not above crowing over
his neighbors, when he went to Al
exandria to shop, about the superior
richness of the milk his cows gave
and the tooth someness of the beef
raised on his farm. He built a flour
ing mill on bis place, and for a time
shipped flour to England for sale.
He was, when at home, an early riser
and fond of the saddle. His horses
were tbj? best in all the country
round, and he rode to hounds with
great relish and success. He rarely
failed getting a brush, and he talked
more about the number of these he
had taken than the English he had
vanquished. Indeed, outdoor life in
all of its aspects delighted him, and
living in a fine country and among
a gentle and accomplished people he
was placed where everything he de
sired was within easy reach.
Reflecting on this, one finds it not
difficult to believe that Gen. Wash
ington, when he set out overland for
New York to take up public station
again, he felt a heaviness of spirit
which he did not care or try to con
ceal. It was much like going to
prison. Life at Mount Vernon was
wholly to his taste. There Mere the
wide fields, the long reaches of shady
country roads, the longer reach of
the Potomac mils of water in view
in the direction of Alexandria, and
miles of it a train on the way to the
sea aud, best of all, his home life,
to be exchanged for political turmoil
and contention in the heart of a city.
He was, moreover, new to politics,
with just enough knowledge of and
experience with politicians to make
him dread their game. But when
the summons came he obeyed it
The attachment of the Colonial
Virginian to his home was one of
the striking characteristics of an al
together admirable personality. The
ambition of every family was to oc
cupy and control the ancestral hall,
and to hand it down unencumbered
to the succeeding generation. The
Washingtons, who possessed this
feeling to a high degree, were for
tunate with Mount Vernon. It had
but five owners, and every on a
Washington, from the year 1743,
when Lawrence Washington, George
Washington's elder brother, built
the mansion house on the south bank
of the Potomac, to the year 1856,
when John Augustine Washington,
jr., transferred the house and 200
acres of the surrounding estate to
the Mount Vernon Ladies' Associa
tion, operating for the benefit and
in the name of the people of the
whole United States.
Law; ence Washington bequeathed
the property to George Washington,
who moved there when little more
than a lad, in 1752. George Wash
ington, who died at Mount Vernon
in 1799, bequeathed it to Judge
Bushrod Washington, who occupied
it until 1829, when he died. His
heir was John Augustine Washing
ton, who died and was buried at Mt.
Vernon in 1832, and the property
passed from him to his son, John
Augustine, jr., then but a lad, who
held it and occupied it until, as has
just been told, he parted with it in
183G to forward a praiseworthy and
Mr. Augustine Washington, jr.,
was at Mount Vernon on the day the
Prince of Wales made his visit there
in 1800. As the former owner of
the estate and a descendant of the
General, he was called upon to do
the honors. When the refreshments
were served both wine and whiskey
were set before the Prince. The
Prince, guessing that whiskey was
the appropriate tipple, chose that,
but being new to it then, took too
big a drink and it gagged him. It
was trying on the company to sejj the
beardless heir to the British throne
knocked out by American whiskey,
but Mr. Washington, equal to every
emergency of deportment, came for
ward, with some polite observation
and drew attention away from the
The tree that the Prince planted
at Mount Vernon on that occasion
died. An elm tree planted near the
same spot by Dom Pedro, Emperor
of Brazil, in 1870, still lives, but does
not seem to flourish.
John Augustine Wahsington, jr.,
was killed at Cheat Mountain, Vir
ginia, in 1861, while a member of a
party taking observations of the
Union lines. He was an adjutant
on General Lee's staff, and Fitzhugh
Lee, the present Govenor of Virginia,
was in his company at the time. He
wes only -forty-one' years old. He
was buried near the spot where he
fell, and the remains still rest there.
The plans of the Ladies' Associa
tion with regard to Mount Vernon
were not at once carried out In the
first place there was a lack of funds
and public interest. Strange as it
may seem at this day, the scheme of
buying Washington s old home and
preserving it for the people of the
whole Union was for a long time
whistled down the wind. An effort
was first made to induce Congress to
appropriate the necessary money, but
it failed. Congress refuied on- the
ground that it would be setting a
dangerous precedent. Monticello,
the Hermitage and other historical
places would then be offered to the
Government, it was said. No other
way remained then but to raise the
money by private subscription. This
was resorted to,and entertainments of
every character were given through
out the country, the proceeds to be
devoted to the purchase of Mount
Vernon. The sum to be raised was
$200,000, the price of 200 acres of
the estate, with the Mansion House
and the tomb. Of this amount Ed.
ward Everett, of Massachusetts, con
tributed nearly seventy thousand
dollars, which he made by lecturing
for the cause. A second difficulty
occurred by the breaking out of the
civil war, which, of course, for five
years and more brought matters to a
standstill. During the war the
premises were in charge of ntgro
servants, who were sufficient for its
care. It needed no protection from
the armies. It was not only neutral
but sacred ground during the whole
struggle. The soldiers of the two
armies sometimes met there, but al
ways under an implied and respected
flag of truce, and not a hostile shot
was fired on the premises from first
to last of that awful conflict.
Soon after the war closed the As
sociation began to work systemati
cally, and in a few years had restored
the premises to their former neatness
and beauty, and converted the man
sion houss into one of the most in
teresting museums in the world.
Relics of Washington were gathered
on every hand, and the house now is
well filled with articles of jewelry,
silverware, furniture and wearing
apparel, nearly all authenticated and
all admirably arranged for public
inspection. The exterior is " kept
white and clean, and the outbuild
ings and the old servants' quarters
are iu like condition. A tall iron
fence runs at the base of the hill in
front of the house. The utmost
care is taken of everything, and as
the reward of the -labor the patron
age is constantly increasing. The
institution if it may properly be
called one is now self-sustaining.
The receipts and expenditures are a
trifle over $10,000 a year. The whole
income is derived from the fee
charged to visitors, which is nearly
35 cents a head. The farm yields
nothing for sale. The land is worn
out and only enough of a crop to
supply the premises is planted.
Mount Vernon is controlled by a
Regent and a Board of Vice-Regents.
The Board meets once a year at Mt.
ernon, audits the last year s ac
counts and makes contracts and ar
rangements for the coming year.
The present organization is as follows:
Mrs. Lily Macalester Laughtou,
Washington, D.C., and Torrisdale, Pa.
Mrs. Margaret L. M. Sweat, Port
Mrs. Cornelius L. King, Bellows
Miss Alice M. Longfellow, Cam
Mrs. Abby -W. Chace, 141 Benefit
street, Providence, R. I.
Mrs. Susan E. J. Hudson, Strat
Mrs. Justine V. R. Townsend, 37
West Thirty-seventh street, N. Y.
Mrs. Nancy W. Halsted, Newark,
Miss Comegys, Dover, Del.
Miss Emily H. Harper, Baltimore,
Mrs. Mary T. BarneB, 1722 II
street, Washington, D. C.
Mrs. Emma R. Ball, 209 West
Grace street, Richmond, Ya.
Mrs. Ella B. Washington, Charles
town, W. Va.
Mrs. Letitiall. Walker, Leksville,
N. C. ,
Mrs. Lucy H. Pickens, Edgefield,
Mrs. Philoclea E. Eve, Augusta,Ga.
Mrs. Ida M. Richardson, 282
Prytauia street, New Orleans, La.
Mrs. Cynthia H. P. Brown, Nash
Mrs. Eliza B. Woodward, Lexing
Mrs. Jenny M. Ward, Ottawa, Kan.
Mrs. Elizabeth L. Broadwell, Pike
aud Fifth street, Cincinnati, O.
Mrs. Martha Mitchell, Milwaukee,
Mrs. Elizabeth A. Rathbone, Ann
Mrs. Mary T. Leiter, Chicago, 111.
Mrs. Fanny G. Baker, Jackson
ville, Fla. r
CONCORD, N. C , FRIDAY, MAY 10, 1889.
Gt. Frank T. ri.nla.
Frank T. Fleming, whom the
Florida Democrats have elected Gov
ernor, is not only a gentleman ''of
high character and admitted ability
but of large experience in affairs
and a lawyer of high standing. H
was born in the little village of
Tanama, Duval county, Florida, on
the 28th of September, 1841: iMr,
Fleming's grandfather was a FlofU
diao, and his father. Col. Louis
Fleming, a native and resident of
Florida the greater part of his life;
being a planter at Hibernia, on the
St John's river. His mother was
Margaret, daughter of Chas. Setou,
of Fernandina, and also a native of
Governor Fleming received a thor
ough business education, and before
the late civil war was engaged in ac
tive business pursuits. In 1861
young Fleming, who was then only
twenty years old, enlisted as a private
in the Confederate army, in the
Second Florida Volunteers, which
regiment was soon afterwards incor
porated with the famous Second
Florida. He served with his com.
mand in the Army of Northern Vir
ginia until September, 1861, when
he was promoted to the rank of
lieutenant in Company D, First
Florida Cavalry, in the Army of
Tennessee. Subsequently he wa3
made a captain, in which capacity
he faithfully served until the end of
the war, having been engaged in
most of the bloody battles which
marked the last year of the struggle
in Tennessee and North Georgia.
Soon after the termination of the
war Capt. Eleming began the study
or law in the office of Mr. E. M. ll
Engle, and in 1868 he was admitted,
to the bar. He then became a mem
ber of the law firm of Fleming &
Daniel, with which firm he has con
tinued to be associated up to the
present time, earning a reputation
for himself not only in his own
State but throughout the whole
South as au able lawyer and a relia
ble adviser. Capt. Fleming has been
an active and influential member of
the Democratic party for a good
many years, and his election as Gov
ernor was hailed with enthusiasm
everywhere in the State.
Far Bays ta Caaaldar.
Boys, let us commend to you the
following, which we find in an ex
"What kind of a boy does a bus
ness man want ?" repeated a shrewd
and practical business man. "Well
I will tell you. In the first place he
wants a boy who does not knoM too
much; business men generally like to
run their own business, and prefer
some one who will listen to their
way, rather than try to teach new
kinds ; secondly, they want a prompt
boy one who understands seven
o clock as exactly as seven, not ten
minutes past; third, an industrious
boy, who is not atraiu to put in a
little extra work in case of need ;
fourth, an honest bov honest in
service, as well as in matters of
dollars and cents ; and fifth a good
natured boy, who will keep his tern
per, even if his employer loses his
own now and then."
'But you haven't said a word
about his being smart"
"Well, to tell the truth, was
rather the hesitating reply, "that's
about the last thing to worry over.
The fact is, if a boy is modest,
prompt, pleasant, industrious and
honest, he is about as smart as we
care, about generally" and that's
So yon see how it is, boys ; and
perhaps some of you who are not so
brilliant, may take courage and cul
tivate those qualities which shall
make you acceptable to business
men though you may never shine in
the world of letters.
Kleatlaa -Whims af Mtatesnaea.
benator liamption has a queer
habit He does not chew or smoke
to any extent, but he is fond of
pinching off sections of a fine cigar,
powdering it in his hands and snuff
ing it He will sit in the cloak
room where he can see the president's
desk and snuff cigars for an hour at
Senator Daniel, of Virginia, also
has a nicotine fad. It is to indulge
in a "dry smoke." That is, he
keeps an unsmoked cigar in his
mouth all the time.
Gen. Samuel Thomas, of the Brice
Thomas Seney syndicate, got into
this habit as a compromice between
smoking and not smoking, and the
result was a surgical operation to
remove a tumor-like growth that
appeared on his lips just at the place
where he always held his unlighted
cigar. The doctor told him to
either smoke or let the whole thing
alone, but not to cary an unlighted
cigar in his month. Wilmington
Friday Nat mm ITalaekjr Bay.
1. Columbus left Palos, Spain,'
Friday, August 3, 1492 ; he discov
ered America, Friday, October 12,
1492: he arrived at Palos un his
return from his voyage of discovery
Friday. March 15. 1493 : he arrived
at Hispaniolia, on his second voyage
w America, may, .November 22,
1494; he discovered the continent
of America Friday, June 13, 1494.
George Washington was born Friday,
February 22, 1732 ; he accepted the
appointment of General and Com-
mauaer-iu-uniet i?nuay, June 16,
1775; he captured Yorktown, with
Lord Cornwallis, Friday, October 19,
1771, which virtuaully closed the
War of Independence. Daniel Web
ster, Gen. Zachary Taylor, Edward
Everett, John Brown (Ossawattomie),
ueorge iiancrott,the historian, Henry
W. Longfellow. Stephen A. Douclaa.
Chief Justice M. JL Waite, ex-Presi
dent Hayes, Gladstone and Charles
fx i .
uicsens were bora x riaay.
FRIDAY AX UNLUCKY DAY.
Omaha boy: "It's all nonsense
about Friday being an unlucky day,
isn't it, papa?"
Father: " Who say so?"
"This paper mentions a lot of
things that happened on Friday.
George Washington was born on
"He was killed by the doctor
" Napoleon was born on Friday "
He died a prisoner on St Helena
"Victoria was married on Fri
"iier oiuesc son nasn t sense
enough to come in when it rains."
"Shakespeare was born on Fri
"And he is now branded a literary
thief, while his fair fame is given to
a professional boodler who ought to
nave been in the penitentiary."
"Bunker Hill was fought on
"And lost by the Americans.
"America was discovered on Fri
" The people on this part of it are
dying of consumption for the want
of free wool.
"The Mayflower landed on Fri
" The American who cherishes a
family Bible which came over in it
is laughed at
"The declaration of independence
was signed on Friday.
"And the people it made independ
ent have become the helpless serfs
of a pack of partisan wire-pullers,
jobbers and demagogues."
.LIUU TMsp Which Htv Mada Mta'i
The New Jersey man who hit
upon the idea of attaching a rubber
erasing tip to the end of led pencils
is worth $200,600, asserts the Pitts
burg Press. The miner who invent
ed a metal rivet or eyelet at each end
of the mouth of coat and trousers
pockets, to resist the strain caused
by the carriage of pieces of ore and
heavy tools, has made more money
from his letters patent than he
would have made had he "struck" a
good vein of gold-bearing quartz.
Ever j oue has seen the metal plates
that are used to protect trie heel and
soles of rough shoes, but every one
uoesn t know that withm ten years
the man who hit upon the idea has
made $250,000. As large a sum as
was ever obtained for any invention
was enjoyed by the Yankee who in.
vented the inverted glass bell to
hang over gas jets to protect ceilings
from being blackened by smoke. A
simple thing ? Yes, very. Frequent
ly time and circumstances are wanted
before an invention is appreciated,
but patience is frequently rewarded,
and richly rewarded, too, for the
inventor of the roller skate has made
$1,000,000, notwithstanding the fact
that his patent had nearly expired
before the value of it was ascertained
in the craze for roller-skating that
spread over the country several years
ago. The gimlet-pointed screw has
produced more wealth than most
silver mines, and the Connecticut
man who first thonght of putting
copper tips on the toes of children s
shoes is as well off aa if he had in
herited $1,000,000, for that's the
amount his idea has realized for him
In cold, clammy coin.
Taa aaaiy OrMakack.
The last item of news from the
laboratory is that the deadliest of
bacteria live and multiply on the
bank notes that we have. Probably
there is not a viler article that we
ever touch than a bank note. Car
ried in the pockets of the most leprous
and loathsome, it passes- through the
pockets of the refined. We wonld
not think of taking a pocket hand,
kerchief that had made any such
round without washing snd fumiga
ting. We could not be induced to
put on the shirt of a tramp, but the
money of the desceased and contain
nating goes without a thought into
our inner pockets. What disease
we hug we do not think or care.
i 1 ! I '
The Maw Tork Timn Balldla.
The new building of the New York
ximes iuit completed is tne master
piece of architectural art in that
great city. It is no doubt the finest
newspaper building in the world, as
the Times says. It prints a large
picture of this stupendously high
and beautiful structure. It is said to
be beautiful in material as in design,
and solid in construction. It is
thirten stories .high, snd is fire proof.
1 he material is granite and limestone.
The Times gives a long account of it
The greatest triumph was that it
was built around the old building,
not disturbing it and allowing the
great newspaper to coutinue withoat
molestation or interruption. nil
Am Iataraatlaaal Bam.
New York World.
Two old sea-doss were celebrating:
New Year's day in a comfortable
i 1 1 m - r
utiie grog-suop in tne riaza 3iayor,
the principal souare in Manila. One
of them, Capt Stuart, a Scotchman,
was the commander of the John
McLeod ; the other, Capt. Sewell, an
American, cemmanded the Paul Re
vere, Both vessels were full-rigged
ships, very nearly the same size, and
both were noted for their sailing
qualities. The two captains were
proud of their ships, and each
claimed that his was the best The
controversy, at first friendly, became
heated. Fiually Capt Sewell brought
his fist down on the table and shout
ed: "I'll race you to New York for
anything you want to bet We can
sail from here the sam day and we
are both hound for same port' What
ao you say r
"Done!' said tha Scotchman.
" Let it be for the best dinner money
Two days later both vessels had
their cargo aboard, weighed anchor
and set sail for this country. For a
long time they could see each other
through their glasses, but when tney
reached Cape Horn they were driven
far apart Their destination was
never forgotten, and all the canvas
their ships could carry wag crowded
on. The horizon was constantly
scanned for a. sight of tha rival
ship, but for mora than a month
At ltugth, when southeast of
Hatteras, they sighted each other.
They were almost abreast and about
fifteen miles apart In this position
they continued until nightfall. After
dark a furious gale came up driving
them several miles out of their
course. Sail was shortened aa little
as was consistent with safety, how
ever. For four days the gale con
tinned, during which time neither
ship could gain an advantage. At
last the weather moderated, but the
vessels had lost sight of each other.
No time was lost, and both made for
the winning post, then only a few
hundred mile3 away. Down the
homestretch they came until when
day broke yesterday morning they
were in sight of bandy Hook, n hen
Capt Sewell got out his glasses and
levelled them to windward he yelled :
By Jehosapbat, there s the old
McLeod and we're not a foot ahead
This was the literal truth. The
two vessels were "neck and neck'
after a race of 103 days. Captain
btuart saw the lievere about the
same time and both ships crowds!
cn every inch of canvas they could
carry. Over the bar they came, up
through the lower bay, neither hav
ing the slightest advantage. Just
before they reached the Narrows the
lievere got a slant of wind, which
the McLeod missed. It was not
much, but it carried her ahead and
she dropped anchor at Quarantine
at 7.10 a. v. The yell which went
up from the throats of her crew
awoke all hands on shire, who came
out just in time to see the McLeod
let go her auchor ten minutes later.
Thus was won and lost the longest
and closest ocean race on record.
atealh la tha Wall.
In the North Carolina Medical
Journal for March is an article of
rare interest and value from the
pen of Dr. Henry T. Bahnson, of
Salem, one of the ablest and most
distinguished members of his profes
sion within our borders, upon " The
Public Water Supply of Towns and
Cities in North Carolina." He says
the deaths in this country every
year from diphtheria and typhoid
fever out-number many times those
occurring during the severest epi
demics of cholera or yellow fever,
and that the former it frequently
and the latter almost invariably con
veyed into the system by drinking
water. The dreadful epidemics of
diphtheria, ten to fifteen years ago,
at Company Shops, Charlotte, New
Berne and other places in the btate,
can only be accounted for, says Dr.
Bahnson, by the general pollution
of the wells. He estimates tha mor
tality from typhoid fever in North
Carolina at 500 per year, and says
that in the vast majority of cases
it results from human excrement
finding access to drinking water.
Diarrhoea and cholera wait likewise
upon impure water, and the amount
of diseases and the number of
deaths in various forms that it en
tails upon our State every year, the
writer says there are no means of
estimating. A prime cause of the
impurity of water is the proximity
to wells of privies, pig styes ana
heaps of rotten garbage. The ele
men ts of death from these penetrate
the earth, percolate through it into
our wells and are taken into our
systems. Chemical analysis cannot
guard us against them, for water
pure to-day may be foul with pol
lution to-morrow, and moreover
'water Durnoselv polluted with
cholera and typhoid fever poison
has been pronounced of good quality
by chemical tests.
Die Prlaaaers afWar.
According to the report of Sec
retary of War Stanton the number
or f euerai prisoners wna aieu in
Confederate prisons is 22,576, and,
according to the same authority, the
number of Confederates who died in
Northern prisons is 26,436. Acord
ing to the report of Surgeon General
Barnes the number of Confederates
held in Northern prisons during the
war was 220,000, and the number of
Federal prisoners held in Confederate
WHOLE NO. 69.
Waatan Iaaaae Aajrlana.
This magnificent building, one of
the finest in the South, is located
near Morganton, N. C, and is ably
presiaea over by ur. f. u. Murphy,
witn urs. xayior ana ivey assistants.
It is an institution that is doing
aj grand work, and one of which
every North Carolinian ought to be
A Bajr'a Caaapaaltiaa aa Wa(r.
"Water is found most everywhere,
especially when it rains, as it did
the other day, when our cellar was
half full. Jane had to wear father's
rubber boots to get onions for dinner.
Unions make your eyes water, and
so does horse-radish when you eat
too much. There is a good many
kinds of water in the world: ram
water, soda water, well water, holy
water, ana brine. Ihere is a girl in
our school named Waterman. All
the boys say, Waterman you are,'
and then she gets mad. I don't
think girls look good when they are
mad. Water is used for a good
many things. Sailors use it to go
toaaon. If there wasn't any oceans
their ships couldn't float, and they
would have to stay ashore. Water
is a good thing to fire at boys with a
squirt and to catch fishes in. My
father caught a big one the other
day, and when he hauled it up it
was an eel. Nobody could be saved
from drownding if there wasn't any
water to pull them out of. Water
is first-rate to put out fire with. I
love to goto fires aud see the men
at work at the engines. This is all
I can think about water except the
Carlaaily la Flg-araa.
A mathematical wonder is the
following: It is discovered that the
multiplication of 98765 4 3 21
by 45 gives 44,444,444,445. Eevers-
g the order of the digits and
multiplying 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 by 45,
we get a result equally curious
5,555,555,505. If we take 1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 as the multiplicand and
interchanging the figures' of 45, take
54 as the multiplier, we get 6,666,-
666,606. lieturning the multipli
cand 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1, and taking
54 as the multiplier again, we get
53,333,333,334 all 3's except the
first and last figures, which together
read 54 the multiplier. Taking
the same multiplicand and 27, the
half of 54, as the multiplier, we get
the product, 26,666,666,667 all 6's
except the first and last figures,which
together read 27, the multiplier.
Now, interchanging the order of the
figure 27, and using 72 as the
multiplier and 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 as
the multiplicand, we get a product
of 71,111,111,112 all l's except the
first and last figures, which read
together 72, the multiplier.
mm m ai
Every day is a litte life Bishop
Every hour in a man's life has its
own special work, Sir Noel Paton.
Education is of higher value than
than beauty or hidden treasures.
There is no road to success but
through a clear, strong purpose.
T. T. Munger.
The important thing in life is to
have great aim and preseverance to
attain it. Goethe.
It is not what a man finds that
does him good, but what he does.
Henry Ward Beecher.
Keep your hands and hearts full
of good thoughts, and then bad ones
will have no chance to enter.
We ought to be ten times as hun
gry for knowlege as for food for the
body. Henry Ward Beecher.
The author to read is not the one
who thinks for you, but the one
who makes you think. ur jucLosh.
The manly man is one who always
finds excuses for others, but never
for himself. Henry ard Beecher.
Mere dandies are but cut flowers
in a bouquet; once faded they can
never re-blossom. Lojd EdV"
Rntm of AtlYertlwing:
One square, one insertion, $1 00
One square, one month, l 50
One square, two months, 2 00
One square, three months, 2 50
One square, six months, 5 00
One square, one year, 9 00
ODDS AND ESDS.
The tomato is a native of South
I ".vvnwu III iv
Japan in 1549.
The first tplpsrmn
-- j uavu ill
England in 1C08.
We may be mined hxr tim
j "v vavi.ojr:
use of good things.
We should bo
forming every duty.
The greatest of fnnls ia i,.
imposes on himself.
All is not lost when anvt.hinT
goes contrary to you.
Paper is coniintr larwlv int, km
as a building material.
Queen Victoria's private estates
extend over 37,372 acres.
Gladstone's tribute to Washington
gives universal satisfaction.
The nanu; Oklahoma, Chickasaw
word, means "beautiful land."
In New York one insect caused the
loss of $15,000,000 in one year.
Everyone is as God has made him,
and oftentimes a great deal worse.
What a fool is he who lets wrin
kles conquer him without attackin"
him. A New York beef -exporting firm
has 300 retail meat shops in Great
Fortune knocks once at every
man's door, but at some doors, oh.
The hardest man in the world to
cheat is the man who is always honest
The greatest height at which
visible clouds ever exist does not
exceed ten miles.
It is said that love as a subject
never changes, but as an object is
The entire circulation of newspa
pers in the United States last year
was 2,959,5C0,500 copies.
Wise men are never surprised,
while fools are always wondering
at everything that happens.
It is stated that 1,000 of the 1,S00
prisoners in the Missouri Peniten
tiary are under 20 years of age.
Samuel Jordon, a colored barber
of Kansas City, has amassed :i for
tune of $150,000 in fifteen years.
The sayings of many givnt men
would fill volumes. Thoiv doings
could be written on a postal ca-.J.
Atlanta" will soon hava n. ahnt
tower and lead manufactory ii full
blast The plan t will cost 10 ,0" .
The inventor of the "Pi or m Cl.ivpr"
puzzle is now receiving, it is said,
it-1 r rv ,i i i . i . i
ipioo per uay royalty on nis invention.
Word reached San Francisco that
cholera is epidemic in the Philippian
Islands,thatof 1.500 cases 1.000 have
One of the latest inventions is a
three cornered steel nail that will
drive easily and will not split the
It is estimated that there arc 3G5
colleges in the United States, 4,850
institutions of learning and 67,718
students in them.
P. T. Baruum, the great showman,
announces his intention of retiring
from public .view. He is a brainy
man, and will be missed.
Teacher (to class in ereofrranhv
V - CT O k J f
"If I should dig a hole through the
earth where would I come out'r"
Small boy "Out of the hole."
Kerosene will make tin tea kettles
as bright as new. Saturate a woolen
rag and rub with it. It will also
remove stains from varnished furni
The welthiest colored man in the
south is a New Orleans sugar planter
nameu Mane, lie nas an income ot
$40,000, and is a cultivated gentle
The Michigan Legislature is down
on the dangerous cigarette. It I c
lieves it is -loaded. Xo more cig
arettes can be made or 6old in that
The consumption of peanuts is
3.200.000 bushels a season. They
are all raised in Virginia, North
Carolina and lennessee, chieuy in tne
Tlio fntnl Tmli'in linmilnf inn of
the United States in 1880 was 247,-
?fi1. nnd thft Indians hud 202.400
sqnara miles of territory reserved for
their own use.
The family of theate Chief Jus
tice Waite, of the Supreme Court of
the United States, are in indigent
circumstances and are taking board
ers in Washington.
Admiral Farairut twentv-fivc years
Aim nredicted that persons then liv
ing would sec armour come off war
vessels just as it came oil ot men on
the introduction of firearms.
Out of 100,000 people who cross
the Atlantic from New York to
Liverpool, the loss of life is not as
great as among 100,000 who travel
between New York aud Pittsburg by
Dean Burgon once ended an ani
mated sermon with "and so Jonaw
wa3 lodged in the whale's
where, my dear brethren,
leave him until we mee
pet ever nu-
.f,icturcV- ou,. i
ree 5 rvia&e Vth.
0.Votf. "antotea pear -
vtuv) e trTB - v n let--
A 1 i-o . a tail