n a a?
J A ( I)
THE VERT BEST
CXE YEAR CASH IN ADVAMCE, $LM
i ('Brd Br It till.
GlUnt nation, foiled by numberi,
Say not that your hopes are fled ;
Keep that glorious flag that slumberi,
One day to avenge your dead.
Keep it widowed, sonlesa mothers,
Keep It sisters, mourning brothers,
Furl It with an iron will,
Furl it now, but lore it still,
Think not that Jts work is done ;
Keep it till your children take it,
Once again to hail and make it,
All your sons have fought and bled for,
All their noble hearts hare sought for,
Bled and died for all as one.
All alone ! aye, shame the story i
Millions here deplore the stain ;
Shame, alas! for England's glory.
Freedom called, but called in rain t
Furl that banner, sadly, slowly,
Furl it gently, for 'tis holy,
Till that day, yes furl it sadly,
Ybeu once more unfurl it gladly
Conquered banner, lore it still !
l b (Mt r 4r Army mm rMteBM.
Enquirer and Express.
We are accustomed to look with
pity on the people of European na
tions, and congratulate ourselves on
the fact that we hare no immense
standing army to support If we
look up the facts we will reserve a
large portion of the pity and sympa
thy wasted on ur European neigh
bora for ourselves. It seems that we
are taxed for this purpose about as
heavily as they are. The Baltimore
Sun says the appropriation for pen
sions in the year ending June 30,
1889, was $88,400,000, and it is a
question with the Commissioner of
Tensions whether the amount ex
pended will not reach $105,000,000.
Adding to this $88,400,000 appro
priated for past services the $58,
000,000 we pay for the services of
the 36,G00 men constituting our pre
sent army and navy, we find that our
total annual military and naval bur.
den is $147,000,000. This is a vast
expenditure for peace times, and the
country is not the better pleased
with it when it reflects that the most
of it is money thrown away. It ex
ceeds, it must be confessed, the ruili
taiy expenditures of the much pitied
monarchies of Europe. Our expen
diture for pensions alone exceeds the
cost of the most powerful standing
armies of this age of bloated arma
ments. Germany, for instance, spends
but $85,000,000 a year to maintain
her efficient standing army of 445,
000 men. The 16,750 men in the
German navy represent an expendi
ture of but $9,000,000 more. The
amount, therefore, we are likely to
spend this year in pensions would
maintain the army and navy of the
most powerful empire on the conti
nent. Germany's annual outlay for
pensions, however, is but $5,100,000,
though Germany has carried on two
great wars since our last in 1861-'65.
Evidently we are very much over
doing the pension business. England
maintains her very expensive army
of 210,000 men on from $85,000,000
to $90,000,000 a year. Her magnifi
cent navy, wiih its complement of
48,280 men, costs her but $63,000,000
a year. Our present expenditure of
$147,000,000 for pensions and a
diminutive army and navy would,
therefore, about suffice to maintain
the entire force with which England
holds a world-wide empire. With
an annual expenditure of but $132,
800,000 France supports an army of
423,280 men. Her navy, which is
second to that of England, costs her
but $39,000,000. Austria-Hungary
has an army of 266,000 men, which
costs the empire $49,230,000 a year,
and her navy, which numbers 22,500
men, costs but $4,500,000 more. We
are accustomed to lament the condi
tion of the populations of Europe on
account of the vast burdens they
bear. They are ground down, we
say, with taxes to support ".bloated
armaments," the object of which is
to maintain the privileged classes in
the possession of their ill gotten
WkIM fh niMt
From where do all the flies come?
The question is often asked, and sel
dom receives as satisfactory an an
swer as has been given by a contem
porary : The common fly lays more
than 100 eggs, and the time from
egg-laying to maturity is only about
two weeks. Most of us have studied
geometrical progression. IIer we
ee it illustrated. Suppose one fly
commences "to multiply and re
plenish the earth" about June 1.
J une 15, if all lived, would give 150.
Suppose seventy-five of these are
females, July 1 would give us, sup
posing no cruel wasp or other unto
ward circumstances to interfere,
11,250 flies. Suppose 5,625 of these
re females, we might have July 15,
M3,720 flies. For fear of bad
dreams I will not calculate what
might be by September 15.
The type-setting on the New York
Tribune is now done by machinery.
VOL. II. NO. 21.
A Great Flood I
HOVE VERY T1IIUEI.1XG INCIDENTS
THOUSANDS OFLIVES LOST, AND MIL
LIONS OF PROPERTY DESTROYED.
Pittsburg, Pa., June 1. The ra
ging rain storms that have prevailed
throughout Pennsylvania in the past
few days have resulted in an appall
ing loss of life. The scene of a
terrible disaster is at Johnstown, Pa.,
in Gambrea county, on the Baltimore
& Ohio Railroad, and the Conemaugh
river. Two and a half miles north
east of the town is a reservoir owned
by a rich fishing club. It is the
largest reservoir in the United States,
being three and a half miles long
and one and a half miles wide. Its
depth in some places is one hundred
feet. It holda more water than any
other, natural or artificial, in the
United States. The lake has been
quadrupled in size by artificial means
and was held in check by a dam
from 700 to 1,00 feet wide. It is 90
feet in thickness at the base and the
height is 110 feet. The top has a
breadth of over twenty feet Recog
nizing the menace which the lake
had for the region below, the South
Fork Club had the dam inspected
once a month by the Pennsylvania
Railroad engineers, and their investi
gation shows that nothing less than
some convulsion of nature would
tear the barrier away and loosen the
weapon of death.
The steady rains of the past twenty
four hours increased the volume of
water in all the mountain streams,
which were already swelled by the
lesser rains early in the week. From
the best information obtainable at
this time it is evident that something
in the nature of a cloud burst must
have been the culmination of the
struggle of the water against the
embankment. The difficulty of ob
taining definite information added
tremendously to the excitement and
The course of the torrent from
the broken dam at the foot of the
lake to Johnstown is almost eighteen
miles, and, with the exception of nt
one point, the water passed through
a narrow V-shaped valley. Four
miles below the dam lay the town of
South Fork, where the South Fork
itself empties into the Conemaugh
river. The town contained about
two thousand inhabitants. It has
not been heard from, but it is said
that four-fifths of it has been swept
New Florence, Pa., June 1.
The number of lives lost is about
4,000: property about $11,000,000.
C. W. Poppenstall. of East End,
Pittsburg, distinguished himself by
his bravery yesterday afternoon. He
was a messenger on the mail train
which had to turn at Sang Hollow.
As the train passed a point where
the water was full of struggling peo
ple, a woman and a child floated in
near the shore. The train was
stopped and Poppenstall undressed,
jumped into the water and in two
trips saved both mother and child.
Swollen corpses lay here and there
in piles of cros3 ties, or on the banks
of the river among the tangled green
ery. Some little odds and ends they
told me of. A beautiful girl came
down on the roof of a building
which was swung in near to the tow
er. She screamed to the operators
to save her, and one big, brawny,
brave fellow walked as far into the
river as he could, and shouted to her
to try to guide herself into shore
with a bit of plank. She was
a plucky girl, full of nerve and
energy, and stood upon her frail sup
port, in evident obedience to the
command of the operator. She made
two or three bold strokes and actually
stopped the course of the raft for an
instant. Then it swerved and went
out from under her. She tried to
swim ashore, but in a few minutes
6he was lost in the surging water-
Something-hit her, for she lay on
her back with face pallid and ex
pressionless ; and women by dozens,
in pairs and singly, children, boys,
big and little, and wee babies were
there in among the awful confusion
of the water, drowning, grasping,
struggling and fighting desperately
for life. Two men on a tiny raft
shot into the swiftest part of the
current They crouched stolidly,
looking at the shore, while between
them, dressed in white and kneeling
with her face turned heavenward,
was a girl Bix or seven years old ; she
seemed stricken with paralysis until
she came opposite the town, and then
she turned her face to the operator.
She was so close they could see the
big tears on her face. The helpless
men on shore shouted to her to keep
up her courage and she resumed her
devout attitude and disappeared tin
der the trees of a projecting point
a short distance below.
"Do you see that fringe of trees?"
said the operator, pointing to the
place where the little girl had gone
out of sight "Well, we saw scores
of children swept in there. " I be
lieve that when the time comes they
will find almost a hundred bodies of
children there among the bushes."
Just above New Florence is the
town of Nineveh. It was here that
I found the first charnel house. One
hundred and nine dead were here,
the larger portion of whom were
women. Here it was that the awful
work of the freshet could he realized.
What have been fertile farms now
look much like worn-out brickyards.
Great trees have been twisted and torn
like weed3, and the broken house
hold goods of hundred of houses
line the shores for miles. Thieves
of the vilest sort those who steal
from the dead, thennfortnnate-have
been busily at work, robbing trunks
and boxes and articles of furniture,
and there is nothing worth taking
Four miles futhcr down, on the
Conemaugh river, was the town of
Mineral Point. It had eight hun
dred inhabitants, ninety per cent, of
the houses being on a flat close to
the river. It seems impossible at
this time to hope that any of them
Six miles futher down was the
town of Conemaugh, and here alone
was there a topographical possibility
of the spreading of the flood and
the breaking of its force. It con
tained 2,500 inhabitants, and must
be almost devastated.
Wood vale, with 2,000 people, lav
a mile below Conemaugh, in a flat,
and one mile further down lay John
stown and its cluster of sister towns,
Cambria and Conemaugh, a borough
with a total population of 30,000 on
made ground, and stretched alon
the right, at the river's verge, were
the immense iron wcrks of the Cam
bria Iron and., Steel Co., who have
$6,000,000 invested in their plant.
Besides this there are many other
large industrial establishments on
the bank of the river, the damage
to which cannot be estimated.
Treasure lu IheKnnd.
Memphis, Tens, May 22. The
people at Friar's Point, Miss., are
much excited over the discoverv of a
hidden treasure, and crowds are out
digging as if the town were a gold
mine. Yesterday morning when the
steamer Belle Memphis arrived at the
town, the passengers saw a fisher
man's two sons "grubbing" in the
loose loam a hundred yards below the
wharf boat. Soon afterward the boys
rushed up to their father at the land
ing, and showed him several dingy
peices of metal that they had found.
The fisherman saw that they were
twenty dollar gold pieces, and ran to
the place and began digging. The
passengers on the boat followed, and
the spot was soon alive with eager
miners. Pocket knives, parasols and
fingers were the tools used, and they
yielded a rich return. The fisher
man got about $G00, a lady passen
ger secured $500, and others got
smaller sums, the whole amount ag
gregating several thousand dollars
and all in twenty dollar gold pieces,
bearing date of 1859 and 18C0.
The money was buried early dur
ing the war by somebody unknown.
Several years ago a wealthy planter
spent about $3,000 in excavations on
Montezuma Bar, some distance above
Friar's Point, to find a treasure that
was supposed to be bu r ied there. II e
failed in his attempt, but managed
to furnish another channel for the
river at that point.
Better Mall Ncrvlee.
Upon the subject of one cent post
age Postmaster General Wanamaker
is tolerably sound. He says that
while there are so many places in
the country which receive only one
mail a week he does not think it
wise to reduce letter postage but
that the correct business principle
is that of the sleeping-car companies
to maintain the rate aud improve
tbe service. "Penny postage," as it
is called, would not be beneficial,
anyhow, to the masses of the people ;
it would result in immense saving
to great "business concerns whose
correspondence is very heavy and
would be relatively helpful to busi
ness men of all grades, but the
masses of our people write few let
ters and it would be much more to
their interest to have quicker and
more frequent mails than it would
to have letter postage reduced from
2 cents to 1.
The Southern Baptist Theological
Seminary at Louisville, Ky., has just
sent out twenty-seven graduates,
twelve of whom had taken a full
CONCORD, N. C, FRIDAY, JUNE 7, 1889.
C.en. Buckner, Governor of Kentucky.
Bolivar Buckncr was born in Ken
tucky in 1823 and graduated at West
Point in 1844. He entered the army,
where he was made commissary of
subsistence in 1852 with the rank of
captain. At the outbreak of the
Mexican war he was an assistant
professor in the West Point Military
Academy, but resigned to take part
in the struggle. He saw active ser
niee at Vera Cruz, Cerro Gordo, San
Antonio, Chapul tepee and the city
cf Mexico. In 1855 he was. super
intendent of construction of the
Chicago custom-house. In 1857 he
was appointed colonel of the Illinois
Volunteers for the Utah expedition,
and in I860 became inspector-general
commanding the Kentucky horse
At the outbreak of the Civil War
he joined the Southern army, and
was in command of Bowling Green,
which he evacuated on the capture
of Fort Henry, falling back to Fort
Douelson, where he was besieged by
Gen. Grant, and on February ICth,
1802, surrendered to the latter, with
sixteen thousand troops and vast
stores, lie was a prisoner or. war at
Fort Warren until August, 1802,
when he was exchanged. He com
manded a division of Hardee's corps
in Bragg's army in Tennessee, and
as major-general was assigned the
third grand division engaged at Mur-
freesboro and Chiekamauga, and was
included in Kirbv Smith's surrender
to Gen. Canby on May 22d, 1805.
A ttOK Worth Own lute.
Detroit Free Press.
Daniel Cady Eaton, a professor in
Yale College, has an intelligent col
lie dog named Jimmie Brown. On
Thursday Jimmie's master gave him
an envelope and told him to go and
buy himself a license for the coining
year. Jimmie started out, reached
the office of the town clerk and
dropped the envelope at his feet.
The note read as follows :
Town Clerk of New Haven :
Dear Sir I have been so busy
chasing eats and barking at newsboys
lately that I have not been able to ap
ply "for a renewal of my license.
Please renew license .No. z'.'b, and
find fees inclosed.
Jimmie X Buowx.
P. S. I am a black, tan and white
collie, and George F. Eaton, of No.
70 Sachem street, belongs to me and
is responsible for my conduct.
There was $1.1G in the envelope,
and one cent was returned to the
envelope in change, and the happy
collie picked up his envelope and
trotted off home satisfied that he
was free under the law and had paid
for the privilege of living another
The Firat Xewspapert.
New York Christian Advocate.
The word "news" is generally
supposed to be taken from the adjec
tive new. But it is asserted by some
that its origin can be traced to the
custom in former times of placing
on the newspapers of the day the
initial letters of the cardinal points
of the compass, thus :
These letters were intended to in
dicate that the paper contained intel
ligence from the four quarters of the
globe; but they finally came to as
sume the form of the word news,
from which the term newspaper is
derived. The first newspaper was
published in England by Nathaniel
Butter in 1002 ; the first in France
in 1032 ; the first in Russia in 1703,
under the personal supervision of
Peter the Great; the first Dutch in
1050,and the first in North America
was the Boston News Letter, com
menced April 24, 1704.
A few weeks ao the Minnesota
Legislature passed the law. exclud
ing dressed meat. The market price
of beef in Duluth has since that
time advanced twenty-five per cent,
Ml.. ' m jIII
Tar, riteh and Turpentine, front the
Old North Ntate.
Wilmington has seventy rum mills.
A fair will be ludd at Mt. Holly
Trinity College commencement is
There are 52 practicing physicians
in Mecklenburg county.
The Grand Chapter of 3Iasons
met in Wilmington last week.
The mayor of Mooresville enjoys
the handsome salary of $25 a year.
A number of negroes from Beau
fort county have exodusted to Mas
sachusetts. A gosling was recently hatched in
Moore county that had four legs and
The Newton Enterprise is pub
lishing a History of Catawba County
as a serial.
The French Broad Hotel at Ashe
ville was totally destroyed by fire
The State Chronicle devotes about
two pages last week to a write up of
Wilson, N. C.
David Yoder, of Catawba, is
ninety-one years of age and shoots
squirrels with a rifle.
A company has been organized in
Chatham county to work the coal
fields in that vicinity.
Four members of Mr. George W.
Pound's family in Union county died
last week of dysentery.
Capt. J. B. Ilussey is very ill in
Washington. His paper, the Greens
boro Patriot, has suspended.
A chamber of commerce has been
organized in Statesville, with Mr.
Jos. P. Caldwell as president."
One Swetzer, a bigamist, from
Massachusetts, is in jail in Charlotte.
His wife number one is after him.
A stock company at Mt. Holly
has been formed to purchase a
steamer to run on the Catawba river.
There are 17 cotton factories in
full operation in Alamance county,
and arrangements are on foot for
This ;3 the year for the seventeen
year locust and it has appeared at
Asheville in this State and elsewhere
throughout the country.
The two weeks series of sermons
by Evangelist Pearson in Fayette
ville resulted in the conversion of
500 people it is estimated.
During an altercation with an
attendant at the Insane Asylum at
Raleigh, a son of Dr. Eugene Gris
som accidently shot himself.
The Charlotte people hope to have
President Harrison stop in Charlotte
as he goes on his trip to Texas,
which he contemplates making soon.
Governor Fowle has accepted au
invitation for himself and staff to
attend the unveiling of the Lee
monument in Richmond next No
vember. Dr. W. S. Currell, Professor of
English at Davidson College, has
been elected Lecturer on English
Literature at the Piedmont Chatau
qua of Georgia.
The officers of the North Carolina
Horticultural Society report that
the present season is so far the best
on record for fruit The only trouble
is as regards the apple crop.
The Wilmington Messenger is
right. It is dangerous for t"wns in
Eastern North Carolina to be dig
ging their streets in the summer.
Let us wait until cold weather.
It is said that the earnings of the
Richmond & Danville syndicate for
the first week in May exceeded those
of last year for the same week by
A letter passed through Wilkes
boro postoffice recently, addressed as
follows: "To Mr. Benjamin Har
rison, President, Washington post
office, near Baltimore, Maryland, in
care of Hon. Zeb Vance, Esq."
The eighth annual meeting of the
colored North Carolina State Teach
era' Ass6ciation will be held at Liv
ingstone College, Salisbury, June
11th to the 18th. Rev. Atticus G.
Haygood will deliver an address.
Mr. Robinson, of the Argus, cow-
hided Mr. Roscower, of the Head
light, both Goldsboro papers, because
the latter made some criticism on his
not publishing the Boyle scandal at
Raleigh, attributing it to religious
In taking out the foundation
stone of the Newton court house,
preparatory to enlarging the build
ing, a paper was found giving names
of inhabitants then in Newton, num
bering seventy-five. The house was
built in 1843. There are only three
named in that paper now living in
.Millions of Caterpillars.
RAILROAD TRAIN IN MAINE STOPPED
BY AN ARMY OF WORMS.
Lewiston, Me., May 21. The
railroad men who went out with the
pioneer train on a new line through
the Maine wilderness yesterday had
an experience which left them blis
tered, weary and disgusted. The
train was brought to a dead stop in
the woods by millions of caterpillars
which took a fancy to crawling on
the rails and defied every device es
sayed for removing them until an
other locomotive was sent to the res
cue. Moreover, droves of hungry
mosquitoes swooped down on the
trainmen and drank their blood.
The advance guard was seen by a
railroad time-keeper as he rode over
the line on his velocipede the night
before. He encountered a lot of
small gray caterpillars which had
spread themselves over the track so
thickly .that he had to push his ma
chine along on hand for half a mile.
A big engine and eleven flat cars
loaded with 1,500 ship knees, the
Canadian Pacific's first train for bu
siness, started from Seebois for
Brown ville yesterday morning. It
had gone but a few miles when it
ran into a sticky, squirming mass
which the locomotive wheels ground
to a greasy pulp that clogged the
driving wheels and prevented them
from getting any grip on the track.
The train came to a stand-still and
the conductor and engineer made an
"Pooh," said the engineer, "bugs.'
"Ila, ha, ha," laughed the con
They jumped aboard after a little
scraping, but it was no use. The
"bugs" were too much for them.
As far as the eye could reach the lit
tle caterpillars were in complete pos
session of the track. The Canadian
Pacific was turned into two lines of
gray wriggle. The train was in the
midst of the woods.
"Cut brushes and try to sweep
them off," said the conductor to the
trainmen. All hands tried it, but
the bushes crushed the pulpy mass
and only smeared the track worse
than ever. Sand was then sprinkled
on the rails. This enabled the en
gine to start, but the caterpillars
soon greased the rails again and the
train halted. A messenger was dis
patched to the Seebois station and
the situation was telegraphed to the
manager of the road. He sent an
extra locomotive and a crew of help
ers to the assistance of the beleag
uered train. With a force of men
scraping aud sanding, with an engine
to pull and another to push, the
train crept through the woods at a
A vast horde of large and fero
cious mosquitoes came out of the
depths of the forest and assailed the
motley crew of railroad men, show
ing no native predilections, but
drawing blood from Poles, French
men, Russians and Irishmen alike.
Even a bishop would hav smiled to
sec the crowd fighting mosquitoes
with one hand and caterpillars with
the other, all the time swearing in at
least five different languages. Su
perintendent Van Zile issued the or
ders and charge after charge was
made at the steep grades lubricated
with the squeezed caterpillars. All
day long and after the sun had gone
down the locomotives and men toiled
to drag that train from Sebois to
Brownville. The myriads of cater
pillars covered the rails for eleven
miles. WThen the train reached its
destination at last it bore the most
exhausted and disgusted crew ever
seen outside of a blizzard. The
railroad officials are mystified and
worried. They have some fears as
to the reserve force of this army and
its next attack, and are consulting
the "bugologists" about it Super
intendent Van Zile talks now of dig
ging ditches and flooding the road
with running water.
A herd of about 300 goats were
sold by the station agent at San An
gelo, Texas to pay freight charges.
They brought thirty-five cents per
Allen Thorndike Rice gave but
$3,000 for the North American Re
view a few years ago. It now pays
a net profit of $30,000 a year, and
Mr. Rice refused $300,000 for it a
short time before his death.
A California paper tells of a man
in that State raising a beet with
which he fed two horses and three
cows four days. The California pa
per wouldn't lie about a little thing
like that; and it refrained from
adding that a piece of wood entan
gled in the bottom of the beet was
torn from the roof of a Chinese
dwelling, for fear its readers might
discredit the whole story.
WHOLE NO. 73.
Word to Opponents of Public Nchools.
MA J. S. Jf. FINGER, SUPERINTENDENT
OP PUBLIC INSTRUCTION.
If you are opposed to taxation for
public schools for any reasons satis
factory to yourself, look at your tax
receipt and see how little you really
pay on your property for schools.
Unless you live in a community that
taxes itself especially for schools,
you pay only 121 cents on the $100
of property. Far the larger part of
school money comes from poll-tax,
fines, liquor licenses, &c. If you are
worth $8,000, you are probably as
sessed at about $4,000, on which you
pay $5.00 school tax; if you are
worth $4,000, your assessed valuation
is probably about $2,000, on which
you pay $2.50 of school tax.
Is not your school tax smaller than
you thought it was ? However this
may be, is it not the part of wisdom
to recognize the fact that public ed
ucation is a part of our modern civ
ilization, that it is fixed in our con
stitution, and that we cannot get rid
of it eveu if it were a proper thing
to do ? Is it not the part of wisdom
even for those who are opposed to
public education to help the school
officers to make good use of the mo
ney which the State puts into their
hands to manage ?
After all, can North Carolina af
ford to lag behind her sister South
ern States in the matter of general
education? We 'are very much be
hind Virginia, Tennesse and all the
other Southern States but one or two
in the length of our public school
But perhaps you say the negroes
are in the way. Well, Ave will not
discuss the education of the negroes
here. Bnt do you know that, includ
ing poll-tax which they actually pay,
and fines, forfeitures, and penalties,
the negroes furnish a large propor
tion of the money that is applied to
their public schools ?
But whatever may be said about
the education of the negro, the fol
lowing are questions every man
should earnestly ask himself: Can
we afford to allow the white children
to grow up in ignornce because the
negroes are here ? Shall I be a par
ty to the ignorance of the white chil
dren because I do not think education
does the negroes any good, or because
I do not want to be taxed for the ed
ucation of negroes ? After all, are
not liberal public schools a necessity
for the State's welfare and progress
as well as for the safety of my life
and property ? Ought I not to ac
cept the modern ideas on this sub
ject, which are so emphasized all
around me? Ought I not to accept
the inevitable and lend a helping
The lcrn;na Cnnnl.
The first working party sailed
from New York on Saturday, the
25th of May, and tbe friends of the
enterprise out escorted the steamer
"Alvena" down to the sea in excur
sion steamers wiih bands playing aud
flags flying. The "Alvena" takes
out the first number of vessels
chartered to transport the men and
material for the great work.
The Nicaragua Canal Company
was organized ten years ago as the
only practical scheme for an inter
oceanic ship canal, but it had a ter
rific fight in Congress against the
lobby of Eads and the lobby of De
Lesseps, each representing w hat have
been since proved to be frauds.
Nature had in her infinite wisdom
provided a natural water transit be
tween the oceans to spare man the
toils and dangers of the long passage
around Cape Horn. The route
shortens all the ocean highways by
one-half or a third that circumnavi
gate the world by sea.
The great inland lake is what the
engineers call a natural summit lev
el, just far enough above the level
of both oceans to enable tbe canal to
be built with only two difficult cuts,
and with a river on each side to sup
ply the water all the way across the
Isthmus. No intelligent citizen of
any country will fail to rejoice that
this project, which is a benefaction
to Ihe whole world of commerce, is
now put on a footing of solid suc
cess, with a charter from the United
States and a company amply able to
utilize the vast franchises and land
grants from the States of Nicaragua
and Costa Rica, and a corps of engi
neers and contractors capable of ex
ecuting the great work. Chief En
gineer Menocal studied the problem
of an inter-oceanic waterway for
long years under the direction of the
United States Government, and when
all the routes were open to choice, he
and his able associates pronounced
this route the only practicable one.
One of the interesting points about
the canal is that the contractors, af
ter inspecting the surveys, were
prompt to undertake the work at the
estimate made by the engineers
KatOH or Advertising:
One square, one insertion, $1 00
One square, one month, " 1 SO
One square, two months, 2 00
One square, three months, 2 50
One square, six months, 5 00
One square, one year, 9 00
ODDS AND ENDS.
Killing grass at home to buy hay
from abroad may be wise, but it is
Mrs. James O. Blaine has recently
sold two of her Washington lots for
Blaine, Windom and Proctor deny
that they propose resignrng, as wa3
The next House o? Representatives
will have 164 Republicans, 1G1
A triangular opal, surrounded by
diamonds, is a scarf-pin of an attrac
Unique silver bonbon boxes are
those modeled as owls' heads with
The Georgia Press Association,
sixty members, went on an excursion
to Kansas City.
A recent arrival from California
says there hasn't been any rain there
for eight months.
Hawes, the Birmingham, Ala.,
murderer, has been sentenced to be
hanged July 12th.
Sterling silver photo frames,
decorated in renaissadce style, elicit
Thomas Saint patented a sewing
machine in 17G0, sixty years before
Howe popularized it.
Nearly 1,000 persons confessed
conversion at Rev. Sam Jones' meet-
ing3 at Danville, Va.
The largest farm in America is
the Grandin wheat field in Dakota.
It contains 40,000 acres.
In umbrella handles one of the -:
dearest and nicest is the head of -fc
crow in richly chased gold.
The plate printers of Washington '
escorted their delegate to the K. of
L. convention to the depot
S:mi Jones cot 3.000 for ten days'
preaching in Danville, Va He closed 1
his meeting tnere last week.
The largest college in the world ...
is that at Cairo, Egypt, with 300
professors and 10,000 students.
The President will take his outT
ing tins summer at ueer i ui m
.i i -i-v n....i- : 4-1. a.
heart of the Alleghanies, Virgma.
The fifteen buildings that com
pose Cresson, Kan., were removed to
Palco, one and a half miles away.
Miss Minnie Freeman, the blizzard
heroine, is now taking a full business
course in a college at Lincoln, Neb.
There are G,000 girls preparing
to enter the New York Normal, col-, ,
lege, and only 800 can be admitted.
John Wanamaker's piety has led
office-seekers who want postoffices
to obtain the endorsement of leading
" Excuse haste an J a bad pen,"
was the message left behind by a
convict on escaping from a Western
The Corean Government has
placed an order in America for fif
teen field-pieces, 2,500 rifles and 20,
They say that Belgians will be
imported to man the new plate
glass shop at Jeannette, Pa,, near
The Cleveland, Ohio, board of
health has decided that no more ice
shall be taken from streams within
the city limits.
Queen Victoria was seventy years
old last week. Her health is ex
cellent and her intellect is said to be
as clear as ever.
Barbers at Detroit are complain
ing about losing the business of
shaving dead men. The undertakers
have learned the art.
James Gordon Bennett paid a
Paris doctor $5,000 for three min
utes work in cutting a wart off his
neck. 'Ihe charge in New York
would only have been $50.
The per cent, of insanity among
fanners' wives is greater than among
any other class, and it is constantly
increasing. They work too hard and
are left alone too much.
Omaha Teacher What influence
has the moon upon the tide?
Omaha High School Girl I don't
know exactly what it has on the tide,
but it has a tendency to make the
untied awful spooney. Ex.
How doth the little busy pig im
prove each shining hour, aud gather
sausages all day, from every open
flower ? And when the shades of
twilight fall, he slumbers in his stye,
or sings his pretty evening hymn
" Root little pi,or die!"
It is stated that II. M. Flagler, the
Standard oil millionaire, intends to
build a hotel at Charleston, S. C,
to cost, c-500,000; also that he contem
plates ti;e building of a system of
fmo hotels in all of the cities be-
jtween Washington aud St. Augus