r H H fi "
AVE DO ALL KINDS OF
IN THE "
THE LOWEST BATES.
KLi - --.1
, . ;j ix concord
CONTAINS V.OVM HEADING
; A'l n:U '' MAN ANY OTllKIi
v '!':: i this SECTION.
VOL. II. NO. 24.
CONCORD, N. C, FRIDAY, JUN"K S, 18Si).
AY HOE NO. 76.
i m ii in uriTii mum in i iiiiiiiia'iiiiB r iiii ir iiiiiiiiib m in in n iiimiiiim
k 1 rff 'A 1TT,
. TOXICA'..!. .1 ACKSON'S WAY.
-i::i i. i:i:fJ".Ki:x'KTt it.
mv Ojc r.'-.Uir. of Prisoners.
i Hiring the Valley campaign ami
i hat around Ricrmond, in 1C2, 1
was General Jackson's chief of staff,
li:;- null nt reserve was noted ; it
was mhIi thiil hi- never disclosed
an villi!:;: f ills own military designs
cxvj't i he necessary orders to his
rhief of staff, or even to his major--iu
ral next in command, and he
chary of expressing to them his
so u-hls on the general conduct of
.a:- Colon..! Ak-x. K. Boteler, an
.. ;j1jf1u1 scholar and statesman
. : i hi-neivry aid to the General, was
, !.e fi lvmost civic representative of
ilie people in General Jackson's mil
nary distiict. lie seems to have
1 1: i'l xd him as such occasionally
as a medium of communication with
t'nj u'."i riinu-at. The statement of
his views for the subsequent cam
Kih;:i of 18'0, chapter 15, Cedar
Xrv;;;;!aii:. v.-a.-- : iven on the express
if Colonel Boteler, and,
indeed, almost in his words. I be
lieve he is yet alive and will attest
his own facts. They may be relied
on as perfectly accurate and intelli
gent as far as ihcy go.
I was selected not by myself not
having taken up the faintest idea of
s::ch an attempt but by General
.Jackson's family to write his biogra-
pny. x sought tne neip or an suit
able documents which the family
i o-essed. A11 which were allowed
me I employed diligently and faith
fully. It scarcely need be said that
I was nut responsible for such as
(-'en. Rarrhiger shows that Jack
sou was thinking out, in addition to
an imnudiate threat upon Washing
ton with 50,000 men, a permanent
plan for the future conduct of the
war. The details given are full of
interest. I am forced to believe that
tha types here played a trick upon
Con. Harringcr in describing Gen.
.Tackson as planning four or more
-lighr columns'' of 50,000 men each.
Gen. Jackson was certainly aware
that General Lee's heaviest masses
wotiM hardly exceed 50,000 men,
: :.d v i a'! usually be under that
..nt:: vV. as Gen. Johnston's always
v.-;v. ;-':uh being the real size ot
hvo grand armies of the Con
f . A racy, four or more '"light col
umns" of 50,000 men appear entirely
improbable; the numbers should
have probably been 5,000.
Upon the other point General
Jackson's view of taking prisoners
he probably spoke as fully to me as
to any one. If I am asked why,
th-.n, I did not explicate these views
i:i the biography, the simple answer
is that Gen. Jackson gave them to
mo in a confidential conversation,
the privacy of which he did not
give me the right to disclose. Xow
that the Chailotte Chronicle asserts
the authority of his family for re
vealing this point, I may do so with
Ontheisth day of May, 18G2,
(I.Ltwteii the battles of McDowell
and Winchester,) I was riding alone
wilii the General along the Yalley
of Mossy Creek, in Augusta county,
ti visit the bivouac of the famous
Twelfth Georgia Regiment, in our
front. He was, what wa3 rare with
him, in the mood of converse. Our
thoughts traveled naturally upon
the prospect of our struggle. En
couraged by him, I expressed my
own conclu. ions with the unreserve
(perhaps the indiscretion) of one of
those citizen -soldiers whom Gen.
Jackson thought so well of. I said
that, the maimer .dopted by the
Confederate government for con
dueling the war filled me with ap
ple hensions. The government, dom
inated by the technicalities of West
Point, and of professional soldiering,
seemed to forget what was needed in
a revolutionary war such as ours.
They v.vre relying upon the routine
met hods, good for mercenary stand
ing armies, lint inappropriate to our
circumstances. In this species of
tactics the- enemy's superior numbers
aiid,riches, backed by Europe, would
in the end beat us. The longer the
cata-lrophe of the war was delay
ed the more we should lose that
splendid advantage we now possessed
in the martial spirit of our gentry
and yeomanry, for mere drill carried
to completeness would replace their
''.an ; that a defensive war would
b sure to wear us out and crush us
in the end. The supineness of the
aair.Oiities in failing to reach out
after tlse. fruits of our victory at
First Manassas had especially dis
ci e.nv.g -d me. I seemed to hear the
v -:; of history and of God at once
demanding, in view of tfiat fatal
omission, ''How can ye escape who
neglect so great salvation?" (This
inaction at First Manassas the Gen
eral pronounced "a terrible blun
der," emphasizing the phrase with a
stem frown and a forcible gesture.)
Hut he replied to me by remind
ing me of how much had been done
by the Confederate government in
the first year in creating resources
and armies. lie spoke of the vic
tories already gained hopefulty, and
of the kindness of the good Provi
dence in which he believed. I .pro
ceeded further to argue my appre
hensions when he turned himself
towards me in the saddle aud said,
with a smile more sad than cheerful:
"Stop, Major Dabney ; you make me
low spirited"." I, of course, ceased
to speak, with an apology for my
insistence. After riding in silence
for twenty paces he said, with an air
and tone of profound seriousness:
" Well, I do not profess any roman
tic sentiments as to the vanity of
life. Certainly, no man "has more
that should make life dear to him
than I have in the relations and af
fections of home. But I do not dei
sire to survive the independence of
The conversation, when resumed,
turned upon some recent threat of
bloody retaliation which Mr. Davis
had been compelled to make by some
one of the numerous outrages. The
General said, in words to this effect,
that such an emergency would not
now appear had the war been begun
on that plan which commended it
self to his judgment. I exclaimed,
with much interest, that a rumor
had flitted through the army that he
would have begun the war under the
black flag, and that I was curious to
know whether it had any foundation,
or no t. He replied, very squarely:
Yes, he believed we should not have
begun to take any prisoners in this
war, and that he should have adopt
ed this plan distinctly, in the inter
est of humanity. Because he felt
sure the war would have been ended
with far less effusion of blood. He
added that this could not be like
other diplomatic wars, a struggle for
a boundary or a province, but for,
people, a struggle for life aud death,
and it would have been best for the
people to have its true character un
masked to them from the first. This
war, before its eud, will certainly dis
close its piratical character. Thus
Mr. Lincoln is reported as now de
claring that it is not a war of aboli
tion. But whether he knows it or
not, it is surely destined to become
such. Then they will proceed to
arm oar own slaves agrinst us.
Then, said he, when these outrages
are perpetrated of course it will be
absurd and impossible for us to treat
that war as a civilized war ! To do
so will be perdition to our cause. It
will be the practical admission of
claims damnable to our pretensions
of right aud ruinous to the morale
aud self-respect of our people. Thus
before this war i3 ended, Mr. Davis
is going to find himself in this di
lemma: The enemy will adopt
means such that he will be obliged
to meet them with extensive bloody
retaliations or he ruined. But then
these enemies will have in their
hands, it may be, thousands of our
friends, so that it will be attended
with the fearful consequence of
thereby consigning our soldiers to
massacre. Now, he added, forego
ing these things, I would have ad
vised taking no prisoners, and teach
ing our volunteers at the outset that
when they went into action it must
be victory or death literally for them,
as it is going to be for their country.
Since the administration had adopted
other ideas, he obeyed. He had all
along been as careful and scrupu
lous to preserve the lives aud health
of his prisoners as Mr. Davis him
self could have been.
Such were unquestionably Gen.
Jackson's thoughts at that time.
How prophetic they were any well
informed man must judge for him
self. R. L. Dabxey,
Prof, of Philos., University of Tex.
avli at Fyctteville.
Mr. Bavi3' second letter, as pub
lished in to-day's Observer, sets aside
once for all, all doubt as to his be
ing here on the 21st of November
next to participate in the centennial
exercises. He will be here. This
being the case there are hundreds
and thousands of ex-Confederate sol
diers all over North Carolina from
the' mountains to 'the seashore
whose patriotic hearts yearn to once
more gaze upon their dear old chief
tain of long ago, and notwithstand
ing the "bonnie blue flag " was furl
ed at Appomattox and the Star of
the Confederacy went down to rise
no more, the cause for which the
sans of Dixie sacrificed their lives
upon the altar, of their country, will
ever remain dear to the heart3 of our
IMkcoii Vkpi! in War.
Charlotte Chronic le.
The first successful attempt to
make use of pigeons was during
the investment of Paris in the Franco
Prussian war in 1S70. After the
investment, it was not possible to
communicate with the provinces ex
cept by balloons, and then there was
no certainty whether the balloon and
dispatches carried by it ever reached
their destination. The first one that
left, nothing was heard of, the sec
ond carried three pigeons, which
returned the evening of the same
day announcing that the balloon had
landed in safety, and that the official
dispatches would be delivered. The
Parisians were amazed at this almost
unexpected success, ami the 'papers
were filled with the doings of the
wonderful messengers, and printed
fabulous tales of theirperformances.
On November 4, a regular post
was established by the government
between Paris anil Tours by balloon
and pigeons, and messages could be
sent by any person at a rate of 50
centimes per word, which was after
wards reduced to 20, centimes.
At first the dispatches were writ
ten by hand on small pieces of very
thin paper, and only on one side. As
this was, however, a long and toil
some method, and there was an enor
mous number of messages, they were
finally printed, and then reduced by
photography to a very small size,
and read by aid of a microscope.
This method was further simplified
by photographing messages on a very
thin film of collodion, each film
containing on an average of 2,500
dispatches. One bird could easily
carry a dozen of these pellicles, or
films, making 30,000 dispatches. One
pigeon which arrived in Paris Feb
ruary 3, 181, carried eighteen pelli
cles which contained 40,000 messag
es, mest of them private. j
The official bulletin states thatj
150,000 official dispatches and 1,
000,000 private ones were carried by
pigeons into Paris during its invest
ment. These messages, if copied in
ordinary writing, would fill 500 vol
umes. The organization of " military pig
eon systems " in almost every conti
nental nation of Europe sooh fol
lowed '"the Franco-Prussian War.
France now devotes 20,000 for the
maintenance of pigeon lofts under
the military authorities. Germany
devotes $S,500, and their system is
by far the most extensive and com
plete of any nation.
Russia devotes $10,000 and the
birds are more extensively used in
tactical operations and military man
euvers than in Germany. Italy has
an extensive service, mainly with a
view to their employment as messen
gers from cruisers off the coast.
Spain has also pigeon lofts at various
coast guard stations, employing the
birds to communicate between the
shore and the naval cruisers which
in war times would be employed to
intercept the enemy's ships, and in
peace, to stop smuggling.
Other countries, especially Bel
gium, have brought pigeon flying to
a bright state of perfection, and pri
vate pigeon clubs have enormously
increased in all countries, especially
in Germany and France, where, un
der the fostering care of the war
ministers, prizes are given and all
efforts used to increase their useful
ness. Floods ol' I lie Future.
The Concmaugh Valley disaster
must not be viewed simply as a cal
amity. It is a warning. When
boats navigate Pennsylvania .avenue
in Washington, and carp invade the
houses of that city, we see the shad
ows of coming events something
even worse than the Johnstown hor
ror. We have more than once point
ed out in these columns the probable
consequences of the floods that will
visit this country in the future. The
destruction of our forests wifl make
the cloud burst as familiar to us as
the tornado is to the dwellers of our
western plains. Von Bebber, in his
work on "The Influence of Forest
Growth on climate," says: 'The
old experience that the destruction
of woods accentuates climate ex
tremes, and more especially enhances
the danger of floods, has not thus
far been contradicted. Nay, it re
ceives calamitous conurmation in the
disasters which, in the South Tyrol,
for example, recur so frequently,
and which it is vainly sought to
prevent by artificial works."
It is clear to any that a century
hence, when the intelligent Ameri
can of that day takes a glance back
ward; he will bitterly denounce our
criminal waste and neglect in the
matter of forestry, and it will be a
mystery in his eyes, that we allowed
so many warnings to pass unheeded
aud rushed on to our doom.
Queen ainrgaret, of Italy.
The most beau! if ul Queen in Eu
rope, is without doubt, -Margaret
Queen of Italy, the lovely and bril
liant consort of King Humbert, ;" to
whom she was married in 1858,
when only seventeen years old.. She
was already by birth an -Italian
princess, being the daughter of the
late Duke of Genoa, brother of King
Victor Emanuel, founder of Italy ;
her husband is therefore also her
Under her influence the Italian"
Court has become one of the most
distinguished for iniellect and man
ners. She is deeply interested in
literature, and keeps abreast of con
temporary literature; all books oil
importance ' appearing in" England,
France, Germany and Italy are scut
to her. She encourages Italian
genius in every way; a splendid edi
tion of Dante's work, containing all
that has been written by the poet,
with the reproduction of every pic
ture inspired by the poetry, all an
notated by Signor Banahi, the great
Dante scholar, was brought out at
the Queen's expense for the educa
tion of her son. Her charity is
marked by intelligence and influ
ence, she is at the head of nearly
every charitable movement of im
portance in Italy. She encourages
Italian industries wherever she can,
and it is owing" to her fostering care,
that the very important art of lace
makinp in Italy has been brought
back to prosperity. The art was ap
parently lost, and the once thriving
community of Burano was a listless
and starving population, the memory
of one old woman, who learned the
stitch in her youth, saved the dainty
industry from extinction.
The Queen carries herself with
a regal part and is always willing to
give that which the populace is al
ways ready to behold with delight,
the spectacle of its sovereign in the
pomp of royalty. Queen Margaret
is perfectly adored by the people of
Italy, the flower which bears her
name has become a sort of national
emblem. She is very pious and
although her husband reigns ever
what used to be the Papal State,
she is said to be on excellent terms
with Pope Leo. She has one child,
the Crown-priuce of Italy, who is
now about twenty years old.
He C ouldn't Strike
Detroit Free Press.
He stood on a step-laelder trim
ming the dead limbs out of a fruit
tree, when a man came along with
some tools in his hand and stopped
and aeked :
" How many hours are you put
ting in for a day's work ?" .
" I'm busy from daylight to 8 or 9
o'clock at night," was the reply.
"Don't you know that nine hours
is a day's work ?"
"I've heard so, but he won't let
me off at that."
"Then strike on him!"
" I can't very well."
" Dasn't you kick ?"
" It wouldn't do any good."
" Some rich old cuss who wants
to grinel you into powder, eh ?"
"Well, he keeps me at woik. I
believe I put in thirteen hours every
" Then you are a fool I" .
" Maybe so."
" He ought to be talked to."
"Why don't you quit?"
" I would, you see, but I am
the 'old cuss' you are talking about,'
and though my man can get his day
of nine hours I have to put in three
or four more or things will get be
hind." To Find Yonr K ick-Xajiie.
Write in figures the year of your
birth, and to this add four. Then
add your age at your next birtflOay,
if it comes before the succeeding
January 1 ; if not, add your age at
your last birthday. Multiply this
result by 1000, and subtract from
the product, G7S,423. Substitute
for the figures the corresponding
letters of the alphabet as follows :
A for om?, B for two, c for three, d
for four, E for five, f for six, g for
i-. v.:.!t:.: 4
A lady had a tame bird which she
was in the habit of letting out of
the cage every day. One morning,
as it was picking the crumbs off her
carpet, her cat, who always before
showed great kindness for the bird, !
seized it in a sudden, and jumpeel
with it in her lr.outTi upon a table.
The lady was much alarmed for the
fate of her fuvoriie, but on turning
about instantly discerned the cause.
The door had been left open, ami a
strange cat had just come into the
room. After turning it out, her own
cat came down from her place of,
safety, and dropped the bird with
out having done it the "slightest in-
. . -:-';. u--' '?
' Persons who have the management
of elephants have often observ.d
that they knew very well when any
one is ridiculing them, and that
they very often revenge themselves
when they have an opportunity. A
painter wished to draw an elephant
in the menagerie at Paris in an ex
traordinary attitude, which was with
his trunk lifted and Ids mouth op.u.
An attendant on the painter, to make
the elephant preserve the position,
threw fruits into his mouth, and
often pretended to throw them with
out doing so. The animal became
irritated, and, as if knowing that
the painter was to blame rather than
his servant, turned to him and dash
ed a quanity of water "from his
trunk over the paper on which the
painter was sketching his distorted
A gentleman of Brenchly having
:hot a hen-swallow which was skim
ming in the air, accompanied by her
mate, the enraged partner flew at the
fowler, ant, as if to revenge the loss
it had sustained, struck him in the
face with its wing, continued flying
around him with every appearance
of determined anger. For several
weeks after the fatal shot the bird
continued to annoy the gentleman
whenever it met with him, except
on Sabbaths, when he did not re
cognize him in consequence of his
change of dress. - j
Joking others in company.
Gazing rudely at strangers.
Loud and boisterous laughing.
Cutting finger nails in company.
Talking when others are reading.
Reading when others are talking.
Leaving a stranger without a seat.
Making yourself the hero of your
Want of respect or reverence for
Leaving church before the worship
Reading aloud in company with
out beinsc asked.
Commencing to eat a3 soon as you
get to the table. ,
Not listening to what any one is
saying in company.
Receiving a present without an
expression of gratitude.
Correcting persons older than
yourself, especially parents.
Whispering or laughing during
worship in the house of God.
lie Struck, the Right Han.
The other day an important look
ins: gentleman took a seat besides a
quiet" man in an Arkansas railway
carriage and began a conversation.
" I'm going up to Little Rock,"
he said, " to get a pardon for a con
victed thief.. I'm not personally ac
quainted with the Governor, but he
can't afford to refuse me."
" Is the fellow guilty ?" asked the
"Of course he is ; but that makes
no difference. His friends have
agreed to give me $400 if I get him
out, and the thermometer is very low
when I can't get up a good talk.
Where are you traveling?"
" Going to Little Rock."
" Do you live there ?"
" Perhaps you might be of some
service to me. V hat business are
you in ?"
" I'm the Governor."
He wasn't of. the least " service to
Stowe is in fail.
It took $3,000 to heal the breach
in the heart of an Alleghany, N.
An accident occurred to a Sun
day-school excursion at Armaugh,
Ireland. Seventv-four children
were killed. Horrible !
Edward Morrow, living near Brad
ford, Tenn., while plowing last fall,
lost a $2G wad of greenbacks, which
his son plowed up a fw days since
as good as ever.
A Xiuger'M Charmed Life.
On Tuesday Dr. D. A. Dalton re
moved a number of buckshot from
the person of Alfred Hill, confined
in Forsyth jail, who was shot by
the guards on the 16th of April
while trying to make his escape from
the chain-gang of this county.
The negro has a remarkable his
tory, and appears to bear a more
charmed life than the proverbial fe
line. When 5 years old he was hooked
and seriously injured by a cow, an
ugly gash still remaining as a me
mento of that occasion.
"At 9 years of age he was shot by
his brotheiythe shot still "remaining
encysted under his skin.
At 14 years of age his right eye
ball was taken out by Dr. Graham,
When 19 years old he had the
back part of his head chopped off
by & hoe in the hands of "a friend
at a party."
When 21 years of age he was
badiy mutilated by another "friend"
on the railroad in South Carolina,
his shoulder and back being cut and
a portion of one ear removed.
His last, experience in this line
was on April 2Cth, when Messrs.
r'e d and Saunders, the guards, had
to nut four loads of buckshot into
his c.ucass before they could stop
Alfred ?:v,: he feJs much lighter
since Dr. Dalton removed a portion
of the hist loads of shot and is once
more r a ly to pursue the uneven
tenor of liis wav.
('Rn&ut il.v a Ksmnlc Koioiitiflc Trick.
In a large factory, one of
workman carelessly allowed
hammer to slip from his hand
flew half way across the room.
struck a fellow workman in bis left
eye. The man averred that his eye
was blinded by the blow, although
a careful examination failed to re
veal an niuiry. there beinr not a
scratch yjsible. lie bought suit
in the courts for compensation for
the loss of half of his eyesight, and
refused all offers of compromise,
The day of the trial arrived, and in
open court, an eminent oculist, re
taincd -by the defense, examined the
alleged injured member and gave as
his opinion that it was as good as
the right eye, and proved it. Know
ing that -the colors green and red
combined make black, he prepared a
black card on which a few words
were written with green ink. Then
the plaintiff was ordered to put on a
pair of spectacles with two different
classes, the one for the right eve
being red and the one for the left
eye consisting ol orainary glass.
Then the card was handed him and
he was ordered to read the writing
on it. This he did without hesita
tion, and the cheat was at once ex
posed. The sound right eye, fittei
with the red glass, was unable to
distinguish the green writing on the
black surface of the card, while the
left eye, which he pretended was
sightless, was the one with which the
reading had to be done. Ex.
Oklahoma Hotel Bales.
1. If the bags are troublesome
you'll find the kloroform in a bottle
on the shelf.
2. Gents going to bed with their
boots on will be charged extra.
3. Three raps at the door means
that there is a murder in the house
and you must get up.
4. Please rite your name on the
wall paper so that we know you'ye
5. The other leg of the chair ia
in the closet if you need it.
G. If that hole where the pane of
glass is out is too much for you
you'll find a pair of pants behind
the door to stuff m it.
7. The shooting of a pistol is no
cause for alarm.
8. If you're too cold, put the oil
cloth. over your bed.
9. Caroseen lamps extra; candles
free, but they mus't burn all night
10. Don't tare off the wall paper
to lite your nine with. Nuff of that
11. Guests will not take them
brick in the mattress.
12. If it rains through the hole
overhed, you'll find an umbrella un
der the bed.
13. The rats won't hurt you, if
they do chase each ether across your
14. Two men in a room must, put
up with one chair.
15. Please don't empty the-saw-
dust out of the pillers. '
1G. Don't kick about the roaches
We elon't charge extra.
17. If thert's no towel handy use
a piece of the carpet
A North Carolina Invention. I
Raleigh, N. C, June 18. A test
was made to-day of Rev. Baylus
Cade's railway telegraph on the
Raleigh and Augusta Air Line track,
just west of the city. WTires for the
purpose were laid a distance of a
mile. A telegraphic instrument was
placed in the train provided by the
Raleigh and Gaston company, and
an office wa3 established on the
ground. While the train was mov-
ng at a speed of. thirty-five miles
per .hour the following message was
sent from the ground office to F. A.
Olds, special correspondent, on boa'-d
special car: f'This is the first
Cade's railway telegraph. Let me
know if you receive it all right."
The aaswerwas, "Message properly
Experienced telegraphers N. R.
Young and D. S. Hudgings, who
were in charge of the instrument,
declared the test perfect. There
was not a hitch or break in any of
the many messages sent.
A line will be built to Gary at
once. The system is wonderfully
simple. The wires are laid .along
side the track on cleats fastened to
the sleepers, while attached to one
side of the train car wheels is a
strong frame, at the base of which
are eight thin but broad two inch
strips, which lightly touch the wires.
It is no trouble to send or receive
messages, no matter whether the
rain is fust or slow, and thirty-live
word3 per minute were received with
out breaks. .
Telegraph operators saitl that the
nstrument worked well with escape
between wires and did what the
ordinary lines could not possibly
have done. The inventor is a Vir
ginian by birth and this invention
is the result of twelve years labor.
The cost of the system will not
exceed fifty dollars per mile.
The Bishop and the Hoy.
" What are you doing here
"Tending swine, sir."
" How much do you get ?"
" One florin a week, sir-"
"I also am a shepherd," continued
the bishop, " but I have a much bet
" That may be, but then I suppose
yon nave more hogs under your
The bishop was about retiring
when the bov continued.
" Say, can God do anything ?"
" Yes, my boy."
"Can he make a two year-old colt
n two minutes I'"
" Why," said the astonished bish
op. " lie woulu not wish to uo that.
" But if he did want to, could
he ?" insisted the boy.
" Yes, certainly, if he wished to."
"What! in two minutes."
" Yes, in two minutes."
" Well, then, he wouldn't be two
years old, would he ?"
The bishop collapsed.
The Meanest Man In Creation.
Lineville (Ala.) Democrat.
A man living in Clay, who owes
us over two years subscription, put
his paper back in the postoffice last-
week marked " refused." We have
heard of many mean men. There
is the man who used ,1 he wart on
his neck for collar button, the one
who pastured a goat on his grand
mother's grave, the one who stole
coppers from a dead man's eyes, the
one who got rich by giving his five
chilelren a niekle each to go to bed
without supper and then stealing
the nickel after the children were
asleep; but for ' pure downright
meanness the man who will take a
paper for years, mark it "refused,"
and then stick it back into the
postoffice, is entitled to the first
Sitting Bull, the Sioux war chief,
is dying. ,
The Samoan treaty hai been offi
cially signed. It is said to be satis
factory to the cabinet in its final
Col Emmons Clark, who hai com
manded New York's crack regime:,
the Seventh, for twenty-five jeais
will resign on June 21.
Gildeou L. PeaSe, of East Wilton,
Me., who was a Sergeant in the
Black Hawk war, is thought to be
the only living United States soldier
of that war.
Harrison has appointed Robert
Smalls, a negro, as Collector of Cu3
tomsforthe District of Beaufort,
S. C. The "coons" are "gettin
there " in the South.
ODDS AID ENDS.
Kossuth is the healthiest man for
his age in Europe, He is 8G. J
The Bohemian element is rapidly
multiplying in New York city.' '
The Ballot Reform bill was passed
by the Connecticut Legislature. ;
There are twenty-seven more dogs
than sheep in Miami county, Ohio.
Ex-President Jefferson Davis eu-.
tered upon his 82nd years June 8th.
Baltimore has abolished publio
commencement exercises in the high
AT rs. Oscar Wilde is one of the
most popular woman orators' in
England: " i: ' ' '
It is estimated that the United
States has a doctor for every GOO in
habitants. A dog down in Piedmont, W. Va.,
has two tails, and he wags them in
It is proposed io construct a cable
between Honolulu and San Fraucisco
at a cost of $1,500,000,
Ben Butler's portrait is to be hung
in the rotunda of the State Capitol
of New Hampshire.
The ilog tax of France give3 tho
state an annual revenue of about
A noble heart, like the sun,
showeth it3 greatest countenance iu
its lowest state.
June 1st the law prohibiting the
sale of cigarettes to minors went into
effect in New York.
Tlie report comes from Oklahoma
that rich iron mines have been found
Dr. Chas. E. Simmons wants
$143,450 for professional services
to the late Samuel J. Tilden.
The study of music has been in
troduced with success in the public
schools at Danville, Va.
More than 1,000 empty patent
medicine bottles were found in the
house of a rich bachelor who died
at Knoxville, Pa., lately.
By a recent decision of the Su-
preme I'ourt a pack or playing cams
3 not a gambling device. '
Sam Small says that nine-ten Ui3
of the rows at home among the
children are stai ted by the girls.
Senator Cockrell is credited with
having used three gallons of iuk in
his private correspondence last year.
Ex-Senator Riddleberger says Ma-
hone offered him the " Mission to
Hong Kong" but he refused it.
The little prayer beginning "Now
I lay me down to sleep" was written
by John Rogers, the martyr.
Florida has $12,000,000 invested
in the orange business, and the sales
this year were a fourth of that big
It is ily time with the dishonest
cashier when he tninKs nis pecula
tions are on the eve of being dis
It is said that an English syndi
cate is after the-Elgin watch factory.
An offer of $10,000,000 has been
made for it '. " ' .
tYdolphns Andreas, the inventor
of the American jack screw,, died
in New York the other day, aged
ninety years. . . . . -.
Signor Tamagna, the Italian tenor,
unless fairy tales be told, will re
ceive ?2,000 a performance during
his four with Patti. ,
The Legislature of Massachusetts
appropriated $10,000 anel .the Leg
islature of Connecticut 25,000 for
tho fio..'d sufferers.
Pete Nutt, of Dade county, Ga.,.
has a chicken eating nude. He cats
them raw, and will chase a. fat hen
for a mile, if necessary. .
An "inch of rain " means a gal
lon of water spread over a surface
of nearly two square feet, or a fall
of 100 tons npoa an acre.
The President has appointed
Thomas J. Morgan, Rhode Island, to
be Commissioner of Indian Affairs,
vice John II. Oberly, resigned.
Tin and glass have found a rival
in paper as a material for making
kerosene oil cans. The latter, it is
claimed, wiil not rust aud leak like
tin or crack like gtass.
Alexander Graham Bell, in Science,
calculates that a mother in talking
to her infant speaks 36,000 wordi a
day- equal to about four hours' con
tinuous talking. . -
The receipts of the Brooklyn,
midge daring tip first year aftpr its .
opening "in 1883. were $403,000.
During the past year they aiiiotihted
to $943,300. ' ' "
In a hoiiiO near ITagcrstowli, MiU"
desr nyed by the cyclone va? a sleep-'
ing int. nt. v. ho u;is found when the
blow was over, half a mile off and
not injured. ,