North Carolina Newspapers

,-yC I
L A u ( t KST P A WAX
Alone I wruked the oce:m strand,
A pearly shell was in my hand;
1 stooped ami wrote upon the sand
My 11.11110, the year, the day.
.. s onward from the spot I passed,
One linseiiug look behind I oast,
A wave oamo rolling high and fast,
And washed my line away.
A so methought, 'twill quickly be,
With every mark on earth from me,
A wavj of dark obliviou'a sea
Will sweep across the place
Where I have trod the sandy shore
Of time, find been, to be no more
Of nio, my day, the na;no I bore,
To leave no track or trace.
And yet, with Him who counts tho
And holds the waters in His hands,
I know a lasting record stauds
Inseril ed against my name,
Of nil this mortal part has wrought,
Of nil my thinking: soul has thought,
And from these fleeting moments
For fflory or for shame-
!Siii-c Tliey Put AmHIc Their Armor.
IKre is something quite intcrest
i::' to all ex-Confederate soldiers,
h is written by the Lounger on the
Av ntu- in to-day's Washington ller
a.'i What has become of the Confed
erate Generals?" is a question very
often asked, but not so easily an--vi
ivd. and it is the Lounger's pur
ine to try to reply to this question
in the presently coming column.
i inly thosewho have undertaken such
a task can appreciate its immensity
;:!,! trouble, but if it serves its pur
I shail be content. To begin
v.ith those of t lie highest rank of
the live full Generals of the Con
federate army, Johnston, J. E., and
I V.'au regard survive. Gen. Johnston
is United States Commissioner of
Railrewls, and Gen. Beauregard live;
T 1 IT i 1
in Louisiana, wnere ne nas create j
the finest body of militia for its j
iiiiwil-oii of America. lie is also
ov.e of the commissioners for the!
liquidation of one of the old Louis
iana .State banks, besides which he
has other important business con
nections. There were twenty-one Lieuten
ant (ieuerals in the Confederate
army from first to last, and of these
all were from the United States
Army but four, viz.: Richarel Tay
lor, X. B. Forrest, Wade Hampton
and John 15. Gordon. Of them the
following are living: D. II. Hill,
who is in North Carolina ; Stephen, Early, Buckner, Wheeler and
A. P. Stewart, besides the two .not
from the old United States Army,
mentioned above. Oustavus W.
Smith is the ranking Major General
living, and makes his home in New
York City. W. T. Martin lives at
Natchez, and is a railroad president.
('. W. Field lives at Hot Springs,
Ark. L. L. Lomax is superintend
ent of a prosperous school in Vir
ginia. Frank Armstrong is the best
United States Indian Inspector un
der the Government, for he was born
in the Choctaw nation. Humse
lives in Memphis, Tenn. Churchill
was Governor of Arkansas and lives
at Little Cock. Colquitt was Gov
ernor of Georgia and is United
States Senator elect from that State.
Col. Stone has returned from Egypt
and is living here in Washington,
and is chief of a division in the
Surgeon General's office. Dibrell is
a member of Congress from Ten
nessee. Lyon, who commanded one
'f Forrest's divisions awhile, lives
;it. Eddy vi He, Ky. Mackall, who
was a Brigadier General anel Chief
of General Bragg' s staff, lives over
in Fairfax county, Va., not far from
Washington. He is in wretched
health. MeGowan is a member of
the Supreme' Court of South Car
olina. W. II. Miles is a cotton plan
ting magnate on the Yazoo river in
Mississippi. Roger A. l'ryor is a
prosperous lawyer in New York,
Juhn G. Walker is down in Central
America, as Secretary of Legation
under Dabney Man ray, who is our
Minister there. Lord, how the
world changes ! Holmes is in Mexico
mining, and I hear, making money.
Of the three Lees who were gen
erals, Custis who was Mr. Davis
Chief of Staff is the President of
'ne Washington and Lee College in
Virginia. William Henry Fitzhugh
I. -e, generally called "Runy," is a
planter and member of Congress
from the Eighth Virginia district.
Fitzhugh Lee, u cousin of the oth
ers, and a famous cavalry officer,
owns the " Ravenswood" estate, on
the Potomac fifty miles below Wash
ington, and is Governor of the State
Confederate Genera
of Virginia. Kobort E. Lee, the
General's youngest son, who served
in the ranks tiro greater part of the
war, lives on the James river, and
owns a handsome estate there, He
is more like his great father in ap
pearance and manner than any of
the Lees. I have heard, though I
do not know how true it is, that it
is in contemplation by the Lees to
remove the dust of their grandfather
(" Light-horse Harry Lee," as Gen.
Washington always called him) from
Cumberland Islaueh, Ga., and bury it
by the side of (Jen. Robert E. Lee.
If I had to select the man who
should represent mentally and phys
ically the highest type of the young
er Southern gentlemau -I should
choose Custis Lee. Ho is a mau of
strikingly handsome and well-bred
appearance, and of perfect manners,
and is the only one of the Lees who
is unmarried.
Turning from the Lees, General
Longstreet, the rankiug Lieutenant
General of the Confederacy, I am
sorry to know, is getting on badly.
He lives at Gainesville1, Ga., and his
house there burned recently with all
that was in it. Longstreet had the
confidence of General Lee to a
greater degree than any of his o!a
cers, for barring Gettysburg, about
which there is a wide diversity of
opinion, Longstreet never made a
mistake. Gen. Early, another of
Lee's corps commanders, lives at
Lynchburg and is in the practice of
law. lie is fairly well to do. Of
Gorelon I have spoken before.
Everybody knows what General
Hampton, who once commanded allj
the cavalry of the army of Northern
Virginia, is doing, aud that Major!
General M. C. Butler is his colleague !
in. the Uniteel States Senate from j
South Carolina. -
Turning to the officers in General !
Johnston's Armv of the Tennessee, i
Lieut. (Jen. A. 1'. Stewart is Presi
dent of the University of Mississippi j
at Oxford, ami Lieut. Gen. Stephen!
P. Lee is President of another Mis
sissippi institution of learning. 1!.
II. and Patton Anderson are dead.
Cereal Bate is United States Sena
tor from Tennessee-, and W. II., e-r
"Red," Jackson, one of Forrest's
division commanders, is living near
Nashville on a magnificent planta
tion. General Wheeler, who com
manded all of General Johnston's
cavalry when he was only twenty
nine years old, is a planter in North
Alabama, was a member of the last,
aud is a member-elect of the next
Congress. . (Jen. Lawton, the Quar
termaster General of the Confeder
acy, is a leading member of the Sa
vannah, Ga., bar, and '.Gen. Gorgas,
the Confederate Chief of Ordnance,
died in Alabama the other day.
Cockrell, the ranking Confederate
General from Missouri, is the senior
United States Senator from that
State. E. C. Walthall, of Missis
sippi, who wa3 seriously considered
as a possible Commander of the
Army of the Tennessee in 180-1 by
Mr. Davis and his Cabinet, is a
United States Senator from Missis
sippi and the attorney for the Illi
nois Central's Southern connecting
lines, at a salary of $12,000 a year.
Just after the war he was a law
partner of Judge Lamar at Oxford.
Three West Point Governors and
ex-Confederate Generals rode at the
head of the troops from their re
spective States in the New York
Centennial parade. They Mere
Fitzhugh Lee, of Virginia ; Buck
ner, of Kentucky, ami Nichols, of
Louisiana. Nichols, who was terri
bly wounded, losing an arm and a
leg, both close to the body, was
electeel Governor for the second time
in 1SSC, and inaugurated in 1SS8.
Robert Lowrey, who was a Brig i-
dier General in the army of North- j
ern Virginia, is Governor of Missis- j
sippi, and Sully Ross, who com- j
manded a Texas brigade in Forrest's j
troops, is now Governor of the great j
State of Texas. Pagan lives in Ar-j
kansas, as does Movan anil Louis
Ilebiet (one of the best mathema
ticians that ever left West Point).!
who was Colonel of the Third Lou- j
isiana Infantrv and a' Brigadier Gen-1
oral, and who lives up in his native
Attakapas, in Louisiana. Rosser!
lives near Charlottesville, and isj
rich, while B. If. Robertson, the j
courtly, gracious gentleman, is a
resident of Washington City. Ceo,
Stewart lives in Baltimore, as also
does Bradley Johnson. William H.
Payne lives here in Washington and
at Warrenton, Va., and is the attor
ney for the Virginia Midland.
Thomas M. Ixigan, the youngest
Brigadier General the Confederacy
ever made, being just twenty-one
when commissioned, is at the head
of . the great Richmond and West
Point Terminal system. He lives in
New York.
' William P. Roberts, of North
i'- A .h h Vt
Carolina, a cavalry Brigadier Gen
eral under W. II. F. Lee, and next
to Logan in youih, lives in North
Carolina, ami has been estate Audi
tor for a long time. Mahone is-at
Petersburg. John C. Brown, the
ablest General officer from Tennes
see, who was the first Democratic
Governor of that State after the de
feat of the reconstruction policy
here, is now the Solicitor General
for the combined Gould system of
railroads, with headquarters at St.
Louis. George D. Johnston lives at
Charleston, S. C, and is the Super
intendent of the Citadel Military
Academy. Gen. Ferguson lives at
Greenville, Miss., anel is a member
of the Mississippi River Commis
sion. Holtzclaw ; Jivesjn .-'Alabama'
at Seltna, I believe.
Gen. Buckner, who is worth a
million, is Governor of Kentucky.
Lieut. Gen. Kirby Smith lives at
Suwane', Tenn., where he is Presi
dent of the University of the South.
McLaws lives at Augusta, Ga.
Featherston lives in Mississippi.
Slaughter,. Gen. A. S. Johnston's
Inspector General, afterward a gen
eral ofiicer, is the Republican candi
date for United States Marshal of
Northern Alabama. Harry Ileth is
in Texas. E. Porter' Alexander is
Vice President of the Georgia Cen
tral railroad. A. R. Wright, of
Georgia, is dead. Pierce M. B.
Young lives at Cartersville, G'a.
George D. Cosby, who was Adjutant
General of California untie" Stone
man, lives in that State.
Kershaw is a Judge in South Car
olina. Conner lias been Attorney
General of South Carolina and is
now a Judge, and Chestnut, ' Bon
ham and Yotiman5 ar . all living in
that State. Walter Taylor. General
Lee's Adjutant Generrl, lives r.i
Norfolk. Coil y. the Quu-lermaster
of the arniv
Norther : Yr
shot himself several years ago, and
Charles II. Marshall", the Aide de
Camp who wa with Gen. Lee v. iieti
he surrenderee!, is a leading lawwr-
iu Baltimore. C. M. Wilcox lives
here and John Withers is living
quietly at Mobile.
I could name other3, but I believe
I have mentioned those who are best
knewn to the public, North or South.
Taking them all in all, the late offi-
cersof the Confederacy have steered
remarkably clear of poverty and are
generally very averse to having any
thing to do with politics, and their
influence has always been in favor
of law and order. There are many
named in this list who were not in
the regular army before the war, but
the information I am endeavoring
to furnish would not be Complete
without mentie'n of them.
A Daiijforout Oi-ccpntiou.
New York Star.
" A lineman carries his life in his
pocket, and it may slip through a
very tiny hole," said an employe of
the Brush Electric Light Company
yesterday. " A cool head and a
steady nerve, with a smattering of
electric knowledge, are the prere
quisites of. a first-class lineman.
Unles3 a man be apt to judge and
quick to remember he will be liable
to serious blumlers in his manipula
tion of the wires. Where there are
dozens of them attached to one pole,
it is necessary that he should be able
readily to distinguish each from the
others, and have no doubt as to
whether it be quick or dead. Con
tact with the earth through means
of a conductor should be shunned
like death itself. Moisture in the
atmosphere or 0:1 the wires or the
pole greatly accentuates the danger
that always prevails. What is oreli
narially a non-conductor becomes
imbued with conducting properties
when it is wet, and this is why line
men dread to mount 'the poles after
or during a heavy storm.
" if a man exercises dne diligence : began instantly to wriggle harder
and a certain amount if what is j than he did on the end of the line
tc-rnu-d gumption,' he may purs-ao : ju t out of water. "How did. you
his-business for years without re- learn this trick ?" the stranger asked,
ceiving any worse injury thou a burn ; "I always knew it," was all the olel
or twe). But even the coolest-head- j n;an could tell.
cd man is liable to blunder occasion-
allv, and there is no other depart- A Eahxs 1 1 is Livixg. A
went in life where a blunder 0f j laa.v living in New Milford recently
microscopic proportion effects such i covered a novel way to make but
disastrous results. The contact of ter. She set a rich pot of cream
a dandint!- watch charm or a little heside a cool near the house,
linger nail with Cue wrong wire
the wrong time may cost a man his
life. So long, however, as he sits
astriele the cross piece of a wooden
telegraph pole and confines his at
tention solely to a wire that has no
communication with the earth, he is
as safe as if he were in his mother's
A Y'ankee has set up a school in
Paris and advertises that he "will
teach an) Frenchman to speak the
only sensible language in the world
in six weeks , and at a cost of only
CONCORD, -N. C., FllIDAY, JULY 12, 18S9.
General Lawrence Sullivan Ross is
Governor of Texas. Mr. Ross was
born in Bentonsport, Indiana, Sep
tember 2Sth, 1838, but the main
part of his early life was spent in
Texas aud Alabama. He became a
student at Florence Wesleyan Col
lege in the latter State, at the age
of nineteen, and graduated there
from, with high honors, in the class
of 1858. During his vacation from
college he joined an expedition to
assist in raiding the Comanche In
dians, where he met with numerous
ineidents and was seriously wound
eel. After his recovery he returned
to college and pursued the course of
his studies until his graduation. In
io'.t he was placed in command of
the frontier by Governor Samuel
Houston, with sixty men under his
charge, and with this small section
of an army scouted the neighbor
hood and became the victor of sev
eral very heavy, skirmishes, driving
the Coiiianches into other regions,
after scearing, by capture, over three
lmr.dred head of good, serviceable
'-lt!e horses, lie rescued numbers
o.' t risoners, v.h vhad been taken
captive at Parker's Fort, near Gras
by, one of them having been cap
tured thirty-iive years before. At
the breaking out of the war General
Ross resigned his cenimission, en
tered anel became a private in the
company of Capt. Peter F. Ross.
After receiving several minor pio
motions he was advanced to the rank
of brigadier general ami maintained
this title until the close of the war,
4 ' "cu " 1 utv;lulv ' l'ou"
... l... l .1 :.. .. i:
tics and was elected shenlt of Mc
Lennan county, in lSTo" ; two years
later he was elected to the constitu
tional convention.
( ruokril Ils.
Philadelphia Press.
An elderly man sat placidly on
the string piece of a far downtown
pier, contemplatively waiting for a
bite at the other end of his lishiusr
line. It came, and the old fellow
pullcel out a very "wriggly" ell.
'What'iii I goin'toelo with 'i ml'" he
echoed to a stranger's querry. "I'm
goin' to make 'im lay still and keep
alive, too." Grasping his squirming
prize Avith a well sanded hand, he
laid him out straight along a crack
in the wharf's flooring. Then he let
him go. The eel's eyes had a
a strained, intense look in them, as
if he was doing his level best to
squirm, but not a quiver passed along
his ricrid length.
"Everse'e a machine get on a elead
centre:" asked the wise eld fisher
man. "That's what ails the eel.
e never see an eel straight in the
water. No, nor ye never will. He's
got to keep crooked, or rather he
can't get straight. When he is he's
paralyzed. One set of muscles pulls
just as . even against the other, so
he can't move."
An hour later the stranger passed
that way again. The eel still lay
there feeling, no doubt, like the
Titan under the mountain. The old
man gave the eel a push, so that the
straight line was broken. The eel
I ' where it remained over night. Upon
goin for it next morning she was"
astonished to see a huge frog sitting
compacitly on a ball of yellow butter
in the center of the pot, dangling
his feet in the buttermilk. He had
fallen into the pail during the night,
and in his frantic struggles to get
out had actually churned the cream.
Jay Gould says that for the "first
year of his married life he lived on
$100, got up at daybreak, went to
church every Sunday, and was as
happy as a boss bumble bee in 6veet
TSio President's Kumi'ipr Iouio.
'When Mrs. Robert James McKee
came from the West she packed a
blanket trunk full of decorative lit
tle womanly things to make more
comfortable the Summer cottage at
Deer Park. Prints for the walls,
bits of porcelain for the narrow
mantel shelves, bowls for flowers,
and inexpensive water services,
smokers' articles and china baskets
for fruit all pretty ornaments but
not too ornamental to be carried out
on the lawu or left on the porch over
night. She brought a stack of shaw s
to be worn in the cool of the evening,
and. slumber robes, afghaus anel eofa
blankets to spread on the grass for
Baby McKee aud his friends as well
to fix a hammock with and to be
stowed in a carriage or a rowboat
for a day outing. She brought a
a little mountain of sofa pillows,
none of them too decorative to be
tossed about and actually used ;
gayly covered lap-overs for chair
backs, silk catchalls to hang on the
tloor knobs and hold fancy work or
little socks that might require mend
ing, and a lot of Smyrna rugs to
spread over the cool, clean matting
in the old fashioned drawing-room
and chambers. No need to mention
tidies, abound, anel ia the same col
lection she has long scarfs for the
straight-cut sideboard, centre pieces
of grass liuen. etched in still life
anel floral paterns,and embroidered,
tea and lunch cloths to match.
Mrs. McKee pride is in the wide
porch, which, extends across the
entire front of the house and to
which, when the long windows are
thrown open, the drawing-room has
the appearance of an annex. By
means of Japanese shades this open
air parlor can be inclosed ami made
as private as any apartment in the
cottage. The floor is scattered with
rugs, anel among and between and
on them are willow rockers anel
straight chairs. There's a ham
mock, too,, for the President, with a
cushion of ruby velvet in one cud,
anel conveniently remote hangs a
smaller swing, where the babies of
the Administration will kick and
crow anel sleep and grow through
the long, lazy Summer ilays. Gar
eleii boxes filleel with geranium, lobe
lia, verbena, fever feriij nasturtium
and hanging plants inclose two sides
of the porch, aud the lawn about is
bright with buttercups and margue
rites, and from the mountain top
opposite the house a view of four
States may be had, and in this pretty
cottage aud picturesque surround
ings the first lady in the land will
rest and recreate.
For a number of consecutive sea
sous Senator Davis occupied the
cottage, and rather than tlisturb
them some of the quaint pieces of
household furniture wexe left on the
The wall of honor in the kitchen
is covered by an old safe with cedar
shelves on double doors paneled with
perforated tin. Here the $3,300
chef will keep his biscuit cutter,
pie plates, jelly tins aud lemon
squeezer, aud on the outside baking
powder boxes, cruets, corn-screws
and such implements a3 salad, hash
and julep are made with will be ar
ranged. Xot l' to the Oltl Man's Average.
Erskin M. Phelps, of Chicago,
reached New York on the Etruria
Sunday, on his return from a three
months' tour in Europe. Afc his
hotel in Nice he was introduced to
Lord of England. As he was
smoking, he said to Lord :
"Will you have a cigar ?"
"Thank you ; but I only smoke
one brand, the Henry Clay."
"All right. I'll order some."
The box was brought. It was em
belished with the familiar picture of
" Harry of the West." As he took
his cigar, Lord said:
"When old Clay was alive he
made a gooel cigar, but his sons don't
keep up his reputation."
"Henry Clay! Why, he didn't
make cigars ; he was a statesman,
and ranked as high with us as
Gladstone or John Bright do in your
"I beg your pardon. I've smoked
these cigars all my life, and I tell you
old Clay made a d d sight better
cigar than his boys do."
It is said that 37,000,000 babies
are born in the world every year.
And yet we wonder that men commit
A bachelor's syllogism: "Mar
riage is a lottery ; lotteries are ille
gal ; therefore I obey the law by re
maining single."
A New York philosopher figures
that 3,000 men could be killed off
in the United States and leave the
Gountry twenty per cent better off.
He refers to loafers, drunkards and
IoIJm of Komiicrn Mates.
New York Sun.
The figures relating to State in
debtment which are presented in
the last Statistical Abstract issued
by Treasury Department have drawn
the attention of our esteemed con
temporary, the New Orleans Demo
crat, to a very remarkable fact. The
thirteen Southern States, includ
ing Kentucky and Missouri, have
funded debts aggregating $95,858,
C43, besides an unfunded debt
amounting to $20,000,000 more. The
funded debt of the South is thus
Funded Tax in
Debt. Mills.
Virginia $23,550,G0o 4.0
North Carolina.:.. 4,300,000 3.0
South Carolina 7,012,741 5.25
Georgia 8,752,305 3.5
Alabama 9,214,800 5 5
Florida 1,275,000 4 0
Mississippi 1,105,150 3.5
Louisiana ll,9S2,fi21 G.O
Texas 4,237,730 2.5
Arkansas 12,029,100 4.0
Kentucky 074,000 4.75
Tennessee 2,500,000 3.0
Missouri 9,525,000 4.0
Total ?9G,158,fi43
Average of State tax in mills. ..4.07
Of t hese Southern States Kentucky
alone has a sinking fund, and in her
case it nearly covers the small iu
debtmeut. Three-quarters of the
debt of Texas and about the whole
of Mississippi's are due to the school
funds of those States, so that the net
debt is insignificant in each case. I n
round figures, $110,000,000 is
Southern aggregate, including
unfunded debt.
The remaining twenty-live States,
comprising all tho.-e of the North,
the Northwest, and the Pacific slope,
owe less than $43,000,000, funded
aud unfui.eled. if the amounts in
the several sinking funds are sub
tracted from the nominal aggregate.
It appears, therefore, that the
Southern States -are loaded with
mere than tw o-thirds of all the State
debts of the Union. This heavy anel
enormously disproportionate burden
is mainly due to the years of mis
government anel plunder which the
South eneiureel under Republican
carpet-bag rule. That was broken
up by the Sun and some other news
papers ; and the melancholy period
ended forever with the election of
Samuel J. Tilden as President of the
United States.
It is well to remember these things
once in a while. The figures of the
Southern State debts even at the
present time remain as a reminder.
The wonderful energy and new pros
perity of the South is steadily de
creasing the mountain of State debts
piled up during the eight evil years
of Grant and carpet-bag rule.
Human Volumes.
Durham Sun.
When we think cf it, in manv
ways the lives of meyi resemble
They are in covers which all can
see. Seme are covered with morocco
all embossed aud gihled; others
are not so fine anel some have scarce
ly any cover at all. Each one has a
name, ami some come in sets by the
same author auel all being a continu
ation of the same subject.
The comparison extends to the
contents, for are not lives divided
into chapters ? Each has also its pro
face or introduction in the brief pe
riod just preceeling its appearance in
the world. Some written will, oth
ers not so well, auel still others are
so badly written as to be unreadable.
The character of the subject which
may be studied in these human books
varies greatly. Some are poems
others doggerel. Some are works of
fictiou others are philosophical
treatises. Occasionally some may
be found which are bound editions
of Puck, but over against these are
tragedies which wring the heart.
But the comparison goes no far
ther. These humau vol times are not for
general reading. Some times a nar
row circle of friends arc permitted
to read a few chapters, but more
commonly our knowleelge is con
fined to a touch of the cover, a
glance at the title page, ami some
times avc sec the finis written in
marble above a mound of earth; but
always in a greater or lesser part the
volume of a human life is i sealed
book, the secret meaning of which
is apparent to the great Author of us
all, and to him alone.
All that we can even know of hu
man experience, other than our own,
can never be more than fragmentary
anel imperfect a broken chapter, a
torn leaf blown bv the wind.
It is not putting things in the
right place that bothers a man so
much as finding the right place after
he has put things in it.
Death Before lrtiilg;ery,
New York fun.
" Every dog is either born a gentle
man or a confirmed loafer," said a
Long Island sporting man, who keeps
a dozen or more canine pets and
studies their habits with an interest
that never flags. " There is not one
of them who will work if he can
avoiel it. The only difference between
the well-bred ami genteel deg and
the loafer in this respect is shown in
the manner in which they support
their idleness. The dog whose birth
and connections entitle him to live
without soiling his paws by labor
knows his social position very well,
and is not at all ashamed of the
aimless life he leads. On the con
trary, if as occasionally happens, he
is forced to perform some light task,
his whole nature is lowered, and he
goes about his uncongenal occupation
in a half-hearted perfunctory way,
and evinces by his drooping ears and
depressed tail that he keenly feels
his degradation, and does not know
what he has done to deserve it. He
considers that his intelligent com
panionship, his unswerving fidelity,
anel his sleepless vigilance in pro
tecting his master's property when
the heavier senses of humanity are
steeped in slumber should exempt
him from vulgar toil, and be accepted
as sufficient return for his board and
lodging. As his owner usually agrees
with him, the elog is not-often asked
to sacrifice what he regards as his
"The dog of loafing tendencies
yields not a whit to his aristocratic
brother in his detestation for toil,
but he cannot carry oH his idleness
with the same air of easy intlepen
ence. He seems to think "that his
owners expect him to work for his
living, and he moves about in the
family circle with an apologetic
bearing ; but there his subservience
ends. Try to train him to the light
but debasing treadmill employment
of turning the' wheel that works the
mechanism by which the cream is
made into butter, and you will be
surprised to find how soon .he will
be surprised to find how soon he will
learn to distinguish churning day
from the other six, and be conspicu
ous by his absence while the dairy
maid is doing his work.
" A dog's abhorence of labor, hard
or eas-, cannot be attributed to lazi
ness, for he is not at all lazy. All
animated nature shows no more
active creature than he. Arouse
him from his sleep on the coldest
winter night anel call upon him to
accompany you on any mission, and
he will be delighted with the conG
dence you place in him and shrink
from no discomfort or danger. It is
clear to me that his hatred for toil
is due to his innate gentility, and
only when he is false to his natural
instincts aud feels ashamed of his
lifelong idleness does he look and
act like a loafer. It is not easy to
teach a gooel dog tricks. He will
not take kindly to them, for they
are too much like, work to accord
with his tastes. Curs some times
make gooel tricksters, but how often
have you seen a Newfoundland or a
mastiff stand upon his ear or waltz
on his hiud legs ?"
" Well bred dogs are like Indians.
They are at all times reatly and will
ing to hunt until they drop, or fight
until they die; but the motto by
which they all seem to be guided
is, Death before Drudgery.' "
She Forjiol Ihe2 Ilymu.
Duflfalo Courier.
One of the brightest of Elmira's
little five-year-old girls was taught
an appropriate verse to repeat in
Sunday school last Sunday. She
had also recently learned, a little
nursery rhyme which had profoundly
impressed her. In Sunday school,
when her teacher called upon her to
give her Christmas verse, she spoke
of it as a " piece." Little Miss Five-
year-olel forgot all about the hymn,
and electrified the whole infant ele-
partmcnt by rising anel solemnly
repeating the following:
" The owl and tha eel and the warm
in;; pan
They went to call on the soap-fat
The soap-fat man was not within.
He hael gone to ride on a rolling-pin.
So they all came back by way of the
And turned the meeting-house "up
side down !"
Partial payments seem hard enough
to the school-boy, but he finds them
harder still when he grows up.
It is only very good men who
grow indignant and wrathy when
some one affirms there is no hell.
Yv'hen a married woman goe3 out
to look after her rights, her husband
is usually left at home with his
t'nriottiticft of Marriage.
Goethe said he married to obtain
Wycherly, in his old age, married
his servant girl to spite his rela
tions. The joining right hands in ancient
times had the solemnity and validity
of an oath.
There is a story of a man vrho
got married because he inherited a
four-post bedstead.
Giving a ring ia supposed to in
dicate the eternity of the union,
seeing that a circle is endless.
A man got married because he had,
bought a -piece of silk cheap at
a sale and wanted a wife to give it
Under the Roman empire marriage
was a civil contract ; hence we read
of men "putting away" their wives.
Among the Jews the rule was for
a maiden to marry on the fourth
and a widow on the fifth day of the
week not earlier.
In Jewish marriages the woman ia
set on the right, but throughout
Christendom her place in the cere
mony is on the left
In a Roman marriage the bride
was purchased by the bridegroom's
payment of three pieces of copper
money to her parents.
The Russians have a story of a
widow who was so inconsolable for
the loss of her husband that she took
another to keep her from fretting
to death.
The custom of putting a vail upon
the maid before the betrothal was
done to conceal her blushes at
the first touch of the man' s head and
the closing kiss.
ICissing the bride the moment the
marriage ceremonial ended, though
not now prescribed by the rubric of
the Western churches, formerly was
ail-imperative act on the part of the
The early marriage ceremony
among the Anglo-Saxons consisted
merely of hand fastening", or taking
each other by the hand, and pledging
each other love and affection in the
presence of friends and relatives.
An old adage thus lays down the
proper day for wedlock :
"Monday for wealth, Tuesday for
Wednesday for the best day of all;
Thursday for crosses, Friday for
Saturday no luck at all."
Write-up of Towns.
Charlotte Chronicle.
Every now and then some deserv
ing and en terprising newspaper gains
the good will of small towns by an
elaborate article on them.-
The most that the article generally
does is to tickle the vanty and gratify
the pride of the citizens of the town
written up.
One flaring write-up of a small
town in a state paper could hardly
be expected to do more than compi-.
ment the people of the place.
"Blowing" helps the town, if it
lias anything to blow about; but
the best advertisements any town
can have is a live, thriving paper
crowded with well written advertise
ments of every business in the place,
from doctor to blacksmith. Tho
reason advertisements in the local
paper, make a good advertisement of
the town, is that the world knows
that advertising pays; and the people
know that where all the business men
of a town advertise they must be
prosperous, because prosperity is tho
inevitable result of liberal advertis
There are some towns whoso
citizens will give liberal amounts to
see the town written up glowingly
in a paper in a larger town, while
the homo paper inevitably and un
answerably gives the lie to the ful
some anel paid-for puff by its own
meagrely patronized advertising
Advertising in the home ' paper
brings immediate results, from homo
patrons, and it brings collateral
profits from the benefit that every
town derives from a local paper
crowded with home advertisements.
A column puff in a foreign paper
does not equal a one inch advertise
ment in the poorest home weekly, m
immediate or in collateral results.
If you want to build up your own
trade advertise in your home paper ;
if you want to build up your town,
build up your town paper..
A Lakge Gkape Vine. The
largest vine' in the world is 6aid to
be one growing at Oy3, Portugal,
which has been in bearing since 1802.
Its maximum yield was in 1864, in
which year it produced a sufficient
quantity of grapes to make 1C5 gal
lons of wine; in 1874, 1461 gallons,
and in 1884 only 791 gallons. It
coves an area of C,314 square feet,
aud the stem at the base measures
0 i feet in circumference. New York

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