Hickory Democrat (Hickory, N.C.) /
April 8, 1897, edition 1 /
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PROTECTION ! INDUSTRY ! ENTERPRISE ! PROSPERITY I
HICKORY, NORTH CAROLINA, THURSDAY, APRIL 8, 1897.
A Jj -fir rff tTtT'tTY''rV
From oar Kesralar Corrsjondnt.
Washington, April 5 r&97 The I
Dingley tariff bill, having lat week
passed the House, receiving every re-
publican vote, five democratic votes
and one populist vote, is now in the
hands of the Senate Commltt n
Finance. Every statement made con-1
cerning changes in the hill hv rhr
Committee i a guess. Senators Alli
son, Aldrich, and Piatt, of Conn.,
who have been going over the bill as a
sub committee, are not the kind of
men to announce their conclusions,
even when they have definitely ar
rived at them, to the public, before
making their report to their col
leagues on rhe Committee. When the
CommitJe decides upon the amend
ments to the bill will be time enough
to prait-e or to criticize its work. Un
til then your guess is as good as any
bodys, if you must have a guess.
The honor of being the first fourth
class postmaster appointed by Presi
dent McKinley fell to Mr. John P.
Kelly, of White Cloud, Kansas. The
delay in making appointments of this
class was owing to the change in the
office of Fourth Assistant Postmaster
General. Mr. Bristow is now occupy
ing that positidn and will proceed as
rapidly as possible to fill the 2,500 va
cancies which have accumulated since
the new administration came in.
There will probably be an average of
about 50 appointments a day made
until the work gets up to date.
Senator Elkihs has for a long time
been studying the question . of bow
best to restore the old time prestige of I
American shipping. As a result of
that study, he made a very strong
speech in the Senate in favor of his
bill providing for the7 imposing of du
ties upon imports in a manner that
will discriminate in favor of American
President McKinley seldom makes
promises in connection with appoint
ments, but he has made one that will
please every patriotic American, that
is, to appoint young -f nil nenaan a
cadet to West Point as soon as he
reaches the age of eligibility, which
will be sometime next year.
Representative Grosvenor, . of Ohio,
is a good lawyer, and the following
opinion from him on the decision of
the Supreme Court which so many 1
persons, especially democrats, profess I
to think is opposed by the amendment j
to the tariff bill making the duties im
posed by that bill go into effect April,
and upon the right of Congress to
pass such an amendment, is both
timely and interesting. After citing
other misunderstandings, Mr. Gros
venor says: "Simply and solely what
the Supreme Court did hold was that
the Wilson law, which went into ef
fect on the 23th day of August, did
not repeal the McKinley law until the
day when it was passed, and how any
body could have had a doubt about
that is a mystery to me, but the Su
preme Court did not hold that the
long line of retrospective legislation in
the Wilson law was not approved.
That law bristles with retrospective
legislation. Whiskey in bond and not
in bond that had been manufactured
and deposited in the bonded ware
house or was on that day deposited at
a tax of ninety cents, was immediately
raised to $1.10. New bonds were re
quired, the whole system remodeled,
but no law5er in the U. S. ever dis
puted the power of Congress to pass
just such an enactment. The best"
evidence of the popular estimate of
this retroactive amendment is fo ind
in the fact that the vast body of im
porters who presumably have the
very best legal advice at their com
mand, have all accepted as conclusive
that Congress has that power."
Presideut McKinley's appointments
have been uuiformly good, and even
his bitterest political opponent have
found it extremelv difficult to mticise
any of them, and his appointment ot
Maj. Benj. Butterworth to be Com
missioner of Patents is commeuded by
everybody, including democrats and
populists. Thi is just as it should
be. for Maj. Butterworth to be Com
missioner of Patents is surely the
right man in the right place. He is
an able lawyer and statesman of wide
experience, and having been Commis
sioner of Patents once before, and had
service ou the House Committee on
Patents, is thoroughly familiar wit'i
the important duties of the position.
He is quite large enough for a Cabinet
1(7 LIS W m T r v
position, or for that matter for the
highest position in the Country. But
tnere are few public places in which a
man of MaJ- Butterworth's equipment
can do 80 Iuuch good as in the Patent
umce - ine practice in, and especially
oat of that offic i8 desperately in need
Hon H Clay Evans tne new Com-
nnssioner of Pensions is now in charge
01 mat omce. lie says his policy win
m a. k. a. fln v a
be to justly administer the pension
laws, and his record is such that his
old comrades have every confidence in
his doing so
ANTHONY COMSTOCK DENOUNCED.
Richmond's Lawyers Scores Him Hard In the
"Triumph of Death" Case.
It was announced yesterday that the
case against Oeorere H. Richmond
growing out of the condemnation and
seizure or Oabnel lrAnnuzzios
"Triumph of Death," which va pub
lished by the firm of Richmond & Co.,
would be decided to-morrow in Special
Sessions Court, where the Justices will
render their decision ihen a to the
character of the book. Portions of
the brief that Mr. Fisk, who appears
for Richmond, handed in to the
Justices on Wednesday, bacame public
yesterday.' It recites that the book
has received fayorable criticism from
leading critics all over the country,
and that it has been translated into
twelve languages as a masterpiece.
The respectability of the firm of Rich
mond & Co.. is also dwelt upon.
Other portions of the brief are directed
at Anthony Comstock, who wai the
leadin? sDirit of the raid aud seizure
of the books.
"The book," says the brief, "was
freely advertised in ' journals and
magazines of the highest respectability
not once, but often. These advertise
ments would not have been accepted
had the book been of an objectionable
nature. The only man ho could find
in his imagination anything of a
prurient or objectionable character
therein was that arbitrary censor of
the American press and of books, Coin L
stock, a man who pretends to find a
few passages therein which might
excite, as to him, impure imaginations
and a capability, as to him, of sug-
gesting impure thoughts and impure
desires. If he is to be the sole arbiter
in the first instance of what might
excite impure imaginations or suggest
impure thoughts or desires, then on
the same reasoning he might arrest
any female whose dress might to his
mind sucrcrest to any one having a
prurient imagination such impure de
sires or lusttui tnougnts. io sucn
rule or reason exists or can exist."
The brief then recites that no other
outcry against the book has been
made. The book was printed on the
recommendation of Prof. Peck of
Columbia University, and was trans
lated by Prof. Arthur Hornblow.
"Under these circumstances,"1 it con
tinues "it was an arbitrary and des
potic act, without judgment or reason
publicly to arrest the defendants on
the charge made and subject them to
the odium which follows. It does
seem as if the course pursued was in
tended to injure the defendants, repu
tation and business."
The brief ends by declaring that this
case is similar to that in which the
Supreme Court decided that "The
Arabian Nights," "Tom Jones," "Ra
belais," and "The Decameron" were
not obscene. New York Sun April 4.
THE PRESIDE rs VACATION.
It is settled That He Will Take a Short Trip
in the Dispatch Beat Dolphin.
Washington, April 3 The details
of the President's little jaunt next
week have nor all been arranged, but
it appears to be definitely settle! that
he will go on the United States des
patch boat Dolphin. He intends to be
absent between the Cabinet meetings
of Tuesday and Friday, and may start
on Tuesdav af ternoou. No destination
ha been agreed on.
lies between Norfolk. Virginia Beach,
and' Annapolis, and in the event the
lat named place is selected th- arly
will probably return to Washington
by rail. The Presideut an I Mr. iic
Km ley. Mrs. Satoii. II r. and Mrs.
John Addison Porter, and a physician
will couiiKse the party. The Presi
dent expects to be at the Cabinet
meeting of Friday.
Great Orewth ot the Me That Cease to the
rtaa Who Started the First Bereea.
This idea with million in it came to
a man who faced in hit next week a
disagreeable potentiality of hunger.
The notentia.lt iv would become a eer-
tainty unless before he exhausted the
remains ot his last coin, just broken,
he had hit upon something whereby
to earn other coins'. It was in Paris,
just about the timo of the Salon's
opening. The man in hard luck sat
eating frugally, in a restaurant. He
dawdled a bit over his food, watching
between mouthful the stream of
breakfast rs, who ate briskly, with
the air of men who knew what they
meant to do afterward.
The man watching wished himself
in like case. Naturally his mind was
alert. He noted every detail this
one's walk and that one's nod, the set
of another's coat, and the scowl which
went along with the tip of still an
other. That is how it happened that
the man and the minute met to
evolve the idea. Less alert he would
not have noticed that a certain artist.
after he had eaten, walked up to the
dame du comptoir aud received from
her a handful of papers of the day be
fore, each containing a reference to
the artist's picture in the Salon. The
artist paid for them liberally at least
ten times the original cost, and mur
mured thanks besides to madame for
her thought and trouble In the mat
ter. Then he went away. The idea,
though, remained. A new business
had been born into a busy world.
"This man has paid for a handful of
papers that mention him. There are
other papers other men, too. Per
haps they will do likewise. At any
rate it Is worth trying." the man in
search of a vocation said to himself.
Then he paid for his breakfast, adding
a tip "for luck," and scurried off to
make the round of the studios. It U
needless to particularize farther. The
aawusvos? w as cat eiwuiai luituvii V vis?
cnppl0B. bureau, had IM, bo.n.
in just this haphazard fashion. '
The schema took liter wildfire. Boon
the man had a complete establishment
in Paris, another in London, and a
third in New York. As he could not
protect it by letters patent, of coarse
the bure&s Increased and multiplied.
Now the whole world is their parish-
even outlying regions like Cape Town,
in South Africa, and Melbourne, Aus-
tralia, can boast them in plenty. As
for Europe, India, and these United
States, they are blotched and spat
tered with them. Nor is that the
whole extent of the idea's growth.
The railways and express companies
have taken it home to themselves.
Once they were among the steadiest
and best paying patrons of the regu
lar bureaus. Now they have learned
r trick worth two of that. It is to
collect, preserve, and classify clippings
for themselves. Their agents all over
the country have orders to preserve
and send to headquarters everything
touching their own line, or railway
matters in general, which ap(ears in
! the local paiers. The clippiugs are
tabulated and put into books, duly
indexed at the city offices, where other
clerks are kept busy collating and run
ning down railway items in the big
city sheets. Often the scrap books
have proved of great value in damage
cases. With the express com
panies it is much the same.
Outside this great branch is now
computed that the business of furu
ishing newspaper clipping employes a
capital aggregating fifteen million
dollars, and gives employment to
souietiiiug like tniriy mousauu peo
ple. Pretty substantial fruit that for
an insubstantial idea. Nor is it, as a
cynic might declare, wholly a liarvest
ot vauit v. It trivetf one a new and
vivid comprehension of the enormous
rettcli aud tre-ueodou range of the
prri to glauce over the book cf latest
orders iu a well established bureau.
Here a man wants everything about
the X-ra. IWtow him a financier is
down .or Nicaragua hu1 Panama
but the choieerr"5"111 ,u' !er- u lne next column
l.ut's reports of divorce case
et-i here, and right underneath an
. n luous persou is eager for South
t-r it outrar-r- Matter on r-piriluah.i.u
! niiuther order, the North Pole an
fher. aud eiectr.i- invention a third.
Seial (H-ople want South African
c'lipioukTo h-rt art Cntyn orders,
tioC t l.iiur a iLirll v' M.tf UOU
ill D ititi er i.f religion ipM-. Tms,
w t.oll ade fr lu lhe eronal touch
which gave the bureaus their flnt
success. Still a large part of their
business come from those who would
please the public, actors, artist, the
makers of books, particularly poets.
as the shadow of a great rock in a
lnd. so is the obituary habit
to l" men of clippiugs. Thence come
some of their fattest job. About any
man of moderate prominence they are
reasonably sure Of gathering from five
hundred to a thousand clipping.
There 1 a sort of correlation among
certain of the bureaus, which enable
them to get whatevrr in print! any
where on the got within a very
brief space. Prominent men are uear
ly always among clipping bureau
subscribers. II they are not, either
the grief, or the joy cf those they
leave behind suffice to insure a mar
ket for the. mortuary harvest. Per
flate the biggest collection of such
things ever begun was that relating
to the late Jay Gould. His heirs or
dered "everything," but withdrew the
order when, within the pace of three
weeks, the enterprising bureau man
had corralled eleven thousand odd.
Even that number was exceeded In
the CA9e oi George W. Child, whose
widow gave a clipping man a similar
order. The end of the clippings was
a set of scrap books. Each bit of
print, great or small, was pasted ac
curately in the middle of a gre.t
square of grayish Bristol board, and
then the boards were bound into big
volumes, covered In black morocco.
and lettered in gold upon the backs.
"In Memory of George W. Childs."
There was a shelfful of the volumes.
lhe cost 01 making them went away
up in the thousands.
Social struggles are another fruitful
field. People on the fringe, or the
fringe of the fringe, fsel their footing
ever so much mors secure when they
are mentioned tn cold print even if
the mention Is a bare "also present.'
Farther liberal patrons are schools.
colleges, and institutions of every sort.
The, th.r. ar. Uwn who want tb.
probate of wills everywhere, lists of
heirs, and notices of eeidentv New I
York Sun. ,
BETTER KEEP OUT OP CUBa.
If he Ooes 8 SpeJn May Kill tllsa Wta
oat Cere see ay flar I at peri I the
Lives ef Other.
Washington, April 3. Secretary
I Sherman made a statement to-day of
I importance to Americans, who are ac-
tive in Cuban matters. When asked
about the reported Intention of Julio
Sanguilly, who bail arrived at Jack
sonville, with aides to go to Cuba, be
replied: "I don't believe he will go.
If he should be so foolish he would
have to take his life in his own hands.
We hould never interfere in his be
half again but would have to let things
take their course.- I have his writen
pledge not to take active part in the
insurrection in any way. So has Spain
and they could kill him without cere
mony. No. I think he would not l
such a fool."
The pledge referred to was madeb
Sanguilly in January, ju-t lefor- In
pardon by the Ijtieeii Regent, of SjMiin
and was signed voluntarily in Spamh
and Knglish, and handed to oiimj!
tieneral lee. The Spanish copy ent
to the S(anith authorities, and thr on
in Euglifh now on Secret ary.Shrtunn
desk, is as follow:
Affirmation of Julio Sanguilly:
I, Julio Sanguilly, an American cut
zeu. confined at Cabana Portree. Ha
vaua, do hereby sacredly affirm to U--United
States and to Spain, that it 1
am released by pardou of thr latter
government, 1 will leave and miiaui
away from Cuba, and will ur a d di
reel I y or indirectly the pre-nt iuur
rectiou against the Government of
Spam, and I hereby prouih-e that
should 1 dosOrttau) time, I will not
cla;m the protrclion of the United
States Irovt-rtiiueitl. 1 certify that
t his pledire is ictvn of my own frw
will, attd withou compulsion on the
part of any one.
Forf r-M 'almn. H.vii. Jami.try
JUU s. Nit l ILLY
If Siic"illy make any attempt to
c-nry out hi reM,rtr-d intention f
t--ltig for Cutsa. the United Stat-a
Mill re jwerleee to stop him unl-s be
irwiihan armed eifwdition; but
C .e inr are riirrmj ai me riaie
Dr-pari mem than he departure of San
u'Uilly ml this tiiue might sal the fate j
of other American liijpriorvn' in Cuba
!.- pnlors by the (jiiirti rUirent
natter situilar condition t now being
BAD IJUEAK IX THE LEVEE,
C4USE3 HEAVY LOSS OP CATTLE.
A aether Break Tea nile Seat e4 tie lea.
Ark.. Threat Pert lea at Taat Cltj
TfMCA. Miss.. April 4. At 8 o'clock
thi morning the Flower Lake levee.
where it crosses Yellow Bayou, gave
way under the tremendous pressure of
water. The crevasse widened rapidly.
and ie now 130 yards wide, through
hich the water is rushing with a
The levee was 20 feet high at tbs
point where it broke to day.
The -ople not only 011 the farms
near the break, but upon those some
distance from the levee back of it.
have lost large numbers of cattle.
So rapidly did the crevasse widen
that the water rushing through it was
sufficient to reach the lake parallel to
the Yazoo and Mississippi Valley Rail
road at Bushby Station, which Is five
miles east of ti e break. In a remarka
bly short space of time, and within an
hour had raised the lake eight feet.
The water will no doubt be run
ning over the railroad between Bash
by and Carnesville before morning.
The country affected by this break
is on of the finest in the Delta. It
will cause, the submergence of the en
tire southwestern and south central
part of Tunica Coanty. The flood
will pass into Coahoma Coanty. over
flowing Lula and the region around
Moon Lake, broadening as It goes.
A portion of the current will travel
to Cold Water River, through the
Yazoo Pass, while much of It will
travel southward. Inundalatiog soma
of the fairest fields In Coahoma Coan
Thence It will travel down Cass id y
Bayou and Sunflower River, finally
reaching the Yazoo, traversing almost
the entire length of the Yazoo and
Iwtfttft A A t 1
thus causing tnach Injury to the peo
ple of this Uvea district than a break
at 'almost any other point in tbs
rt ANNA OH THE TARIFF tm I
Says It will Brie Preee rtt y Pre lei tea atf
Mr. rtaaaa's Frleaa.
Clkvkland, April 4. Senator Han-
ns spent a quiet Sunday at home, re
ceiving only a few Intimata friends.
This is the first time Mr. Hanna has
been in Cleveland since he left for
Washington to attend the inaugura
tion and take hi oath of office as 'ac
cessor to Sherman in ths Senate.
To the corrKndent of The New
York Thut-s who called on him Mr.
Hanna talked about the tariff.
"The propoaed tariff," he said. will
I llieve give a great incentive to tha
industries of Cleveland, and do tha
same ail over the county. It will
briug tha return of prosperity. I can
not say when the bill will h passed by
the Senate, but ou may rest assured
it will lw hurried through as soon as
Mr. Hanna declined to ei press an
opinion as to the constitutionality of
of the retroactive claue of the tariff
bill, but a close friend of Mr. Hanna "s
said to uighU
-The question of the constitutionality
of the retroactive section of ths Ding-
ley bill might as well be dropped, as
the section will not te in the tariff bill
that beeo.uf a U. Upon uhsI re
liable authority it Is stated that Sena
tor A I1 rich, the tariff expert among
Republican Senators, is opposed to it
and S-rta tor Allison looks a pon it as
'The truth of the matter it that the
Republican leaders are determined to
eogineer a gigantic 'bluff' through to
the end. They will kep the section
In the bill until the last. Then they
will drop it and lh new law will go
Into effect upon its passage
Senator Hanna eiprewi-d ths opinko
that the arbitration treaty would ap
proved by the Senate b a clow vote.
When he askeal if he thought Con
gressional artkm on the Cuban es
tion probable at tin session. Mr. Han
na replie-l :
I dou't know. You can't teH a boat
that A spark luL'tit drop iu there at
any tiu, aiJ p'wipjta' oa. At
this time loever. I cutdcr Con
gressional action ou tle Cuban ques
tion Improbable "
Hickory Democrat (Hickory, N.C.)
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