1 1 II
.si mi in ri
LINCOLNTON, N. C, FRIDAY, JUNE 16, 1803.
J. W.SAIN, M.D.,
fellas located at Liimolntoa and of
fers his services as physjeian to the
citizens of Lincolnfon unci surround
Will be found at night at the Lin
March 27, 1801 lv
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
I.INCOI.NTON, N. C:
I.INCOI.NTON, N C.
Cocaine used for painless ex
tracting teeth. With thirty
yea lis experience. Satisfaction
pven in all operations Terms
sa-Ai and moderate.
Jan 2-J 'til IV
Newly tittcd up. Work away:,
neatly dune customers politel;
waited upon. Everything pertain
ing to the tousorial art is don
according lo latest Ntyles.
Henry Taylok. Ha r her.
Knlidi Spavin Liniment removes a!
Jiard, soft or calloused 1 utii j -s and blemish
from hors'-s, bl"d spavins, curbs, splint.
sv''n'y, nn-Lin", stih'.'s, sprain?, al
swollen throats, coughs etc. Save $50 b
uc of one hottle. Warranted the mos
w mderlul blemish cure ever known. SoU
hyJ. M- Lawim: DruistLincolnton 2s C
Itch on fiiiman and nnrses and all am-mil-
cured in 30 minutes by Woolfords
Sanitary Lotion. This never fails. Sole bj
J M. Lawin Druiri't Lincolnton. N C
-f Are daily r
Are daily recommending the
TAELE 4:-i It FYnand
d Ball 4. Joints.
'V This makes
The best Fitting, nicest Looking
mil mnel rnmlnrtahie in
'ri(-ts .-j, 52..-0. ?3, and f.VSO.
r!n-nsi-lirlfttri Rhno C.ri
j - - Manufacturers, Lvnn, Mass.
f ShodS Made to Uea' re.
To be found it Jenkins liios.
iH'l.'KLKN':-: ARNICA SALVE
The bets-t!v in the world fcr cuts and
bru i.-:o -, : .rc ; , s;i't rheum, fever sors, let
er, .h ip; " I an U, cniltlains, corns, and
all .--kin crap' ion , aid positively cure
1'iles, or no pay rcq;are t . 11 is puaratteed
rb'rt siii-f o'tion,or money refun
' V t:
m- box. F
'i-tn and J1
r cale by J
FA- WZ CAVEATS.
f TRADE MARKS,
- !.! L DESICN PATENTS.
I or tnfirmntlrtn nnd free llnn1t.or.k write to
MLNN CO., :i HiudDWAY, Wrw VORK.
OUlect lurtu tr teciirinif jiatents In America.
Kverv patent lak.-n out lv utt is lirn'.ipht bpfnra
tte public Ly a notice given free of charge In the
Largest circulat inn of any fientlfl paper in tbe
WmiIU. I'ltudiaiy illuirato,l. So intelligent
itihii yhoiild bowltin.ut it. Weekly. !,1.0l) a
tlir; l-.-i in. nit lis. Aildrer-s MLNiN &, CO
t'l uLinti;--. 3tl JiroaJway, Wew York City.
T VI V KNrJ'i(N I has revolutionized
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lttt t;klt teatiiiy. Not least among the
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an 1 -tetu -d work tlwat can b performed
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Cut this out and return to us and we will
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m bu.-iness, which will brina; you in more
money ritzht away, than anything else in
tha world. Grand outtit tree. Addres?
Tru& o., Augusta, Maine.
V'Lta Paby was sick, we gare Her Castorla.
When f.he was a Child, she cried for Castor ia
When she became Miss, she clung to Castorta.
WLcu the fcai CUlUren, sLe gavo them Castor
YV e desire to say to our citizens, that
for years -we have been selling Dr, King's
New discovery for Consumption, Dr. Kings
Kew Life Tills, Bucklen's Arnica
Sal ve and Electric Bitters, and have never
handled remedies that tell as well, or that
have ;iven such universal satisfaction. We
do not hesitate to guarantee them everv
time, anci we stand ready to refund the
purchase price, if satisfactory reesults do
not follow their use. These remedies have
won their great popularity purely on their
merits. At J.M. Lawing's Physician and
Subscribe lor the UOUMEE.
10,000 lriHoneiH at t Time
JMcHC-ripiion ol Hie XecosKary
ami IuuvoiUahle IIorror ol
aC7oiifcleiate Mai en Prison.
The History of the "Confederate
Statts Military Prison,7' at Salisbury,
from the pen of Rev. Dr. A. If, Maw
qum, who was professor of mental and
moral philosophy at the University of
North Carolina at the time of his death
in May, 1890.
From Charlotte Ofweryer,
(Concluded from last week.)
Methods of escape.
There were a few regnlar prison
ers of war at the time in addition
to other claeeeK. Twelve officers
were confined in the upper story of
the large building. They concluded
to make a desperate effort to escape.
Accordingly they tied their blankets
together, hung them oat of the win'
dow, and a deserter, who was to
act as their guide, started down
Rut the blankets were torn by their
weight, he fell to the ground, the
sentinels discovered him, and the
plan was foiled.
Other attempts were made by
means of tuunels, one runniugfroua
the commissary building to the
stockade, but the vigilance of the
guards again foiled them. The ef
forts and plans resorted to iu order
to effect their escape were often very
irregular. The dead were buried
outsido of the stockade by a detail
of prisoners under guard. Upon
one of these occasiona cue of the
prisoners being a ventriloquist,
threw bis voice into the coffin and
so frightened the guards that the
escape of the entire detail was easb.
yl effected. Another successful
plan was known as the ''small-pox
ruse' The hospital forjthose afflict
ed with this dire malady was with. '
the stockade. A number of prison- i
ers, heated some needles red hot,
burned small holes in their faces
and bodies, and presented them-
selves to the surgeon of the post, I
were ordered to the hospital. Once J
beyond the stockade, but they two
When new deserters were brought,
to the prison they were generally 1
''mugged' by those already there, j
and stripped of everything that j
they had thus far preserved for their1
comfort. The parties were detected
and subject to severe corporal pun
ishment, but as tbey continued
their rapacious violence, th balance
of the prisoners petitioned the au
thorities to sMid them to Auderson-
I ville. They were sent, in compli
ance, and after reaching Anderson-
ville became so obnoxious that they
were arraigned before a court mar
tial of the prisoners, tried for their
lives, and isix of them were convict
ed and hung. It might have been
one ol these who, at Audersonville,
murdered his owu brother in order
t get his property at the North
buried his body in h s tent, spread
his blaaket over it. aud for some
time tilept. upon it. A gentleman
from Georgia iuformed rue such a
case actually occurred.
The prison guard was composed
of tbree companies known as "Free,
Company A Capt., C. D. Free
man, 110 men; CornpanyB , Capt.
IT. P. Allen, 10S men ; Company C,
Capt. E. D. Snead, 112 men.
The prisoners at that time num
bered and were classfiied as follows ;
Confederates uuder sentence of
court martial, 310; Yankee deserters,
95 ; political prisoners, 104.
IXQUIRIE8 ABOUT POLITICAL PRISONERS.
In September Judge Sidney S.
Baxter came to Salisbury as com
missioner to make inquiry into the
cases of the political prisoners. He
was eminently qualified from his
humane disposition, integrity and
talent to discharge the duties of his
delicate mission. Bis vol untary ef
forts to assist Major Gee, during
the next month, in releiving the
suffering thousands of the prisoners
who were crowded into thestockade,
sufficiently attest the fidelity with
which he addressea himself to the
interest of those unfortunate men
whom he was speciblly commission
ed to look after.
Col. Gilmer's health was not suf
flcient for the duties of the pot
1 1 have never heard from any source
any complaint against the manner
m which he discharged his duties
as commandant. In September,
1G4, he resigned, and the cilice of
commandant was filled by the ap
pointment of Maj. John II, Gee, of
Quiuc.y Fla. Cheif Justice Dnpont,
ol Florida, being in Richmond, .soon
after this appointment, was told by
Gen Braxton Bragg that there were
"a number ol hard cases at Salis
bury, and Maj. Gee was appointed
to lLat placo on account of his pru.
nenee and discretion'
About the last of September Maj.
Gee received a dispatch from Rich
mond ordering him to make provis
ions immediately for a very large
numher of prisoners. Being a very
humane man, he was greatly shock"
ed by the order, for he knew it
would be impossible to take care of
so many. lint bad as the state of
affairs at Salisbury , it was vastly
worse at. Rich mond. There tlie
population had become so numerous
and the drain by tho'army had been
and atiil continued to be so enor
mous that the question of bare sub
sisteace had become one of alarming
interest. One of our Senators stat
ed that, accepting an invitation to
eat at the President's table, he
fouud nothing but corn bread and
fried bacon for the bill of fare. The
condition of many of the citizens
are deplorable, and the remnant of
the great armv of Northern Virgin
ia was compelled to bear hunger
while doing fourfoul service against
a vastly oat-numbering army. No
wonder then that;tbe protest of Maj
Gee was unheeded.
Determined to do the best he
possibly could with the limited
means at his command, he address
ed himself with earnest endeavor to
putting the prisou in condition to
receive the coming thousands
that task was indescribably ardour,
There were scarcely any axes, shov-
el-, tools, Inmber, wells, tents or
any other rpuisite in the place or
within his reach. He put j, number
of men to work witn the best imple
ments that coald be gotten, to dig
more wells. He required them not
only to dig by day, but by caudle
light at night- The carpeuters
were also ordered to enlarge the
stockade. But before these im
provements could be accomplished,
immense trains of prisoners began
to arrive. By the 5th of October
about 5.000 had come. One train,
probably the first, brought between
one aud two hundred officers, of va
rious rauk. from brigade-general
down. On the 5'ii 1 visited the
prisou in company with several las
dies. The ground wai then firm
and quile dry, ar.d the place ap
peard well adapted to the purpose
for which it was used. But that
was Ihe last time tbe place had the
appearance of afucrht but misery and I
wretchedness. The officers' and
privates' respective portions of
tbe grouuds were seperated by only
a liue of sentinels tbe toimer oc
cupying the eastern quarter, with
the old wooden buildinris.
The prisoners were always trying
to escape, and not frequently they
they succeeded. Occasionally they
would be arreBted again by citizens
and brought back. Frequently
they would reach the mountains,
find plenty of friends to supply and
direct them, aud make their way a
cross the mountains to the Federal
When the officera arrived an at
tempt was made by robbers to
"mug" them under coyer of the
darkness, as they bad done many
before, but an alarm was given and
they did not effect their design.
These "muggers," as they were
termed in the prison parlance, were
a regularly organized band of des
perate characters, ready to rob the
living or dying, or to commit mur-
der to get money, provisions, cloth9,
or other property Although a
number were sent, as before stated,
to Georgia, the prison still contin
ued to be infested with them to the
last. It will never be know how
many of their fellow prisoners they
murdered. I think it was not un
common for marks of violence to be
discovered on the bodies of the dead
I saw one laid in the grave who ap
peared to have be6n killed by chok
ing. Another, who was very ema
ciated, had a narrow wound like the
incision of a small dragon near the
jugular vein. Without this he could
not have lived long, and I ronld dU
"vme no reasou for nis murder but
i inpatient to get possession of cloth
es or something else which could
not be obtained while he was alive.
During the month'of October the
number of prisoner amounted to 10,
311. The regular prisoners ol war
and the rebel convicts were in per
petnal feud, owing to the latter
having in September found and
seized a Federal flag which one of
the prisoners had brought in con,
ceiled upon his person. So bitter
wag this feud that the convicts did
not dare to leav? their quarters in
the large building and venture out
iu the grounds at night.
There was no great degree of
kindness between the Yankee de
serters and 'convicts. They would
gamble together iu the upper story
of the main building, insult one an
other, and get into terrible alterca
tions. One of the guards told me
that at rdght walking the parapet,
he heard them righting, heard the
cry of -'murder,'' growing fainter,
scd fainier, and finally heard tbe
gurgling struggles as of men wel
tering iu blood. One night a desert
er was thrown from the upper win
dow and taken up dead;
By order of the War Department
Geu. Martiu raised about fifteen
hundred guards, of whom over a
thousand were senior reserves, men
between forty-five and fifty, and
several hundred jnnior reserves,who
were boys between seventeeu aud
eighteen years of age. Add to
these "Freeman's Battalion" ar.d
you have all the troops that Major
Gee was furnished to control ten
thousand regular soldiers. The
stockade was simplv a plank fence
about ten or twelve feet higb, so
irai! in many places that it could
be sbakeu for a long distance by
It was the opinion of competent
judges that a rush by a body of
men against it would have broken
it down. In some parts the plauks
a tbe bottom did not reach tbe
ground, and it required but little
effort, as experiment proved, to
open a way lot egress under ihem.
The senior reserves who comprised
the large majority of the guard,
were ignorant of discipline, aud so
oid and awkward and unteaehAble
n any of them that they appear
ed snore i ke Quixotic burlesques
than veritable soldiers. The junior
it serves were much more vigilant
and efficient, but many of them were
exceedingly small aud presented
quite a grotesque picture as they
lugged a huge musket around their
beat. But for their diminutive size
they would have made excellent
sentinels. Freeman's men were al
who had enough of the soldier about
them to be depended on to discharge
all tbe duties of a guard. Uuder
such circumstances it may well be
conceived how anxiously those who
were entrusted with tbe keeping of
the prisoners felt their responsibili
ty. From October to the time they
left there was no time (except per
haps, while Col. Ililtou with the
OSth Regiment was there,) when,
acting in concert and with determ
iuatioo, the prisoners tould not have
overpowered the guard and sacked
the town. A knowledge ot this
fact doubtless caused many a wake
ful hour to Major Gee while others
were rdeeping, aud may occount for
seeming severity in the regulations
which were enforced.
When the prisoners came they
could not be supplied with sufficient
number ot tents, and in consequence
they suffered greatly from exposure.
In apology for this it must be obs
served that there was a much larg
er proportion furnished them than
were employed by our own soldiers
in the field : and there were really
no more that could be procured.
As soon as they could be obtained
two hundred tents were furnished
them of different kinds flv, wall
and others. Thus did they get
what was denied our sons and
brothers. After Bradley T. John
son came he made direct applica
rion to Gov. Vance for tents, know-
iing probably that they could not be
obtained from the Governor, uot
withstanding he had taken steps to
contribute to tho relief ol the Sal is
bury prisoners, was compelled to
answer that he had none.
YANKKE INCSINUITY IN PROVIDING
A3 they did not have enough
houses or tents to shelter them, and
tho scarcity ol tools, teams, lumber
and guards for the working parties
prevented cabins being constructed,
they resorted to "Yankee ingeiiui
t " to provido shelter for them
selves. A few eiowded under the:
hospital and other houses, and
slept there in bad weather. But
tho in -tin resoit was bin rowing in
the earth. Tbe whole incioMiie
wm literally honey-combed by these
burrows. They weie f-quaie or
round holes dug nome three feei
deep, with a mud-thatched root a
hoie being punched through to the!
surface at one end, and a little
chimney furlhey built up out of
baked earih. Over the entrance
there was a little porch or projec
tion that, as long as it withstood tbe
rail itself, kept the water from the
maiu bur row. But for the damp
ness these places would have been
comparatively comfortable for
they shielded the tenant from the
winds and rains, and required a
very small quantity of wood to make
them warm. I have seen a thin
matting of ehavmgs which had been
whittled with a pocket knife, lying
on the floor of some ot them. The
tenant had either to sit or to lie
do. vn in them ; they wee too shaU
low for him to stand erect. They
must have been wretchedly uncom
fortable and destructive to health
and life in those heavy, incessant
rains that fell in January and Feb
ruary, 1865. The hospitals were so
crowded, and such numbe s died in
them, that some preferred to linger
and suffer in their sickness in these
little cells. Consequently they not
unfrequently died there alone, and
were not discovered for some days
Maj, Mefftitt. who was quarter
master to the prisou, with dutv to
provide .'belter, etc., had a chimney
begun to tbe large building. When
it had reached the third story, the
unsouud brick at the bottom gave
way, and the whole structure fell.
Several were injured and perhaps
O'je killed. The sentinel were or
dered to clear the building aud keep
ever body out and one, rushing
back to get something, paid no r
tentiou t the fentin.il's warniot',
was tired at and either killed ot
wounded. Those who were injured
were rescued from the rubb-sh as
soon as possible. .
Maj. Moffat fouud tho greatest
difficnUy in getting lumber lor
building purposes, bat, having pro
cured some, had ordered the car
penters to put up six buildings, 200
feet iu length, 22 feet wide, and 20
feet high. When they were engag
ed in framing these, Gen. Winder,
Commandant of Prisons in this and
other States, visited and inspected
the prison, pronounced the place
unfit for a prison, declared that he
would have them moved down in
South Carolina, aud therefore or
dered all improiueraents to be dis
continued. Before the arrange
ments necessary for their removal
were completed, the advance of
Sherman became so threatening,
and the whele s tuation so critical
that tbe project was abaudoned.
It was also contemplated to mote
the prisoners to a more comfortable
site on the Yadkin, but the place iu
view, on examination, proved ine
ligible. The Confederacy was in
its last struggle its resources all
gone, and therefore, though the
condition of the prisoners was
wietched and appalling, there was
no way to ameliorate it. They were
in a miserable plight when they
came. Large numbers of them were
noable to walk, and had to be car
ried from the train to the prisou
Those who had been confined else"
where for a iong time, were pale,
emaciated and dejected. Many of
them were very filthy and ragged.
Some were without hat or cap or
any sign of shoes. The clothing of!
many was very meagre and a snm
mer texture. A very large propor
Continued on last page.)
Skoteli ol M. MarkN,
From Our Church Paper.
This congregation, located in Gas
ton Co., N. C, is one of the oldest iu
the Tennessee S nod.
Its exact age is not known, as
iheie am no rccoidtj back of 1S11.
The old log house in which the
congregation lorinerly woishlpded,
was known as Beaver Dam, aud
stootl alouta mile east of the pr-ss
ent chinch. It was built in 18-0.
The liist communion service on
record is Miat i f Oct. 17, 18U.
There were fi. communicants
From this it is lesonable to suppose
that tho congregation had already
been cxihim for .sonic time.
On Feb. G 1S27, the Bev David
flenkel received by confirmation -2
members. Ml. Wiley RudiMll 1
the only one of I his numbei still
living. He is now in his 8tth year,
and has been a member of the con
gregation for more than 06 ears
He says that there were services
held at this place before he was
It is altogether proha'dc that the
congregation oves its existence to
the labors of the Bev. Paul Henkel,
who came to this State about th&
The old constitution is brief, but
pointed It is writteu in English
and Geimau. It was drawn up by
Be v. D-svid Henkel, and adopted by
t he congregation iu May, 1823.
Pastors in those days were woik
ed much harder than now, as their
pastoral territory oiten embraced
au eutire county, and sometimes tx
tended into other counties arid oth
er States. At that time couuties
were wery large Lincoln, for in
instance, embraced what is now
Catawba and Gastou.
itoads were few, streams hard to
cross, and general facilities for
traveling poor ; so that the spirtual
attention wuicn the cnurches re
ceived iu those days was not what
it would have been, had there been
fetter opportunities for serving
them. But the faithful pastors did
all they c juld, and laboring under
such adverse circumstances, we can
not help but wonder how they suc
ceeded as well as they did.
The following; dates on which
c HMtnunion service wag held at Sr
MaikS or Beaver Dam, as it was
then known will at once show that
tbe pastor in charge, could be there
only at time, di-tance, and labor
ar. other piac s would allow :
O t. 17. 1819, f5 communed ; Sept
1 8, 1 820, 8 ; M ay 2 7, 1822,6; Jul
13, 1S24, 72; Juiy 'J, 182J, 45 ; Feb
20, 1827, 03, and 22 confirmed ; Apr
6. 1823, 41 ; Dec. C, 1829, 78, and 32
The congregation has teen served
by the following pasters in tbe or
der given :
Revs. Philip Henkel, David Hen
kel, Adam Miller, J. R. Petersen,
A. J. Fox, L. A. Fox, D. D , M. L
L.tt'e, and at present by the writer.
The r resent house of worship was
built during the pastoral labors ot
Rev. J. R. Peterson.
It was dedicated Saturday, My 8
1858. The name was then changed
from Beaver Dam to St. Mark's
All these years the congregation
has continued to thrive and grow.
It has given St. Matthew's to
King's Mountain, and St. John's to
Cherry ville, both ot which are
Some congregations when tby
get old become fossilized, and cease
to work, but Sf. Mark's seems to
have lost none of its life and vitality
She is doing good worfc. Tbe ser
vices are well attended, and her so
cial qualities are such as to make
each and all feel perfectly at home.
Communiou service was held,
May 14. Some interior changes
aud improvements were made lor
The old pulpit was toru out, and
a new one, modern and elegant in
design, and tasty in finish, was put
in its place.
Tbe cbanel was elevated and ea
closed with suitable railing. This
with pulpit and aisle were neatly
carpeted. The interior appearance
is greatly improved.
Two edifying and impressive ser
mons were delivered during the day
The one in the morning by Rev. S.
S. Rabn, Ph. D. ; the other in tbe
afiernoon by Rev. L. A. Bikle, D
D. The communion was very large
11 new members were received It
was a pleasant and profitable occa
Uglily Initio Dollars,
In reference to the Business
Agency laud, the Progressive Farmer
talks back at the Gazette as followt:
The fund is right where it has
been all the time and will stay there.
A few small politicians tried to get
the contributors io withdraw their
volnntaiy contributions, but It did
n't work. Contributors to tbe
number of thirteen (13 is an unlucky
number, ou kuow) applied for their
little dollars right away and then
(sad i.n'r it) they stopped. Since
(hat terrible unlucky number of
patriots spoiled the game, a few
others have ventured forward and
claimed their little share, until tho
total sum called for amounts to tho
magnificent, gorgeous, gigantic
amount of t.riO It is pluin that
the great iuiinlor of "tliMsatified"
Alliancemen "swiink tip awfully"
Hoiuehow. Seveiiii times that much
has been pledged to replace what id
We intended ro publish the names
of the to called Alliancemen woo
wit hare w the funds as fast as they
applied but in order that no one
should have a chance to complain
that we tiied io intimidate those
who uiight be small enough to ap
ply (or their funds, wa have waited
pilienlly until they could put iu
their claims. As thev have bad
ample time we will begin publishing
the names and amounts that each
one withdrew, probably next week.
The people want to see who they
are and all about them.
So the Gazette may rest assured
that most of tbe fund is here to stay.
It id properly invested and deposits
ed, part of it drawing 6 per cent,
interest, and all of it doing tbe
members of the Alliance ten times as
much good as it it were in their
pockets. The State Agency is do
ing more and more business and so
fnr as we can learn is entirely satis
factory to all who take advantage
of the system. II any more inform
aiion is wanted by tbe Gazette we
will cheerfully give it. Now will
the Gazette publish it ?
Yes, we'll print it. Here's some
thing else we'll print, too. It ex
plains why the Progressive Farmer
speaks so cynically ot "little dol
lars." Leaving name blank, it is a
true copy of tbe Trustee's letter.
Macdpelatj, N. G, 5-29, 1893.
Dear Sir : I enclose you
herein e:ghty-five cents, P. O. mon
ev order, in payment ot certificate
So. 4G01 $1.00.
The Contributions to tbe fund
have beeu S35.000.0O.
The losses paid by order of
Executive Committee are 2,731.10.
Lt-ss P. O. money order
Amount due you
W. A. Graham, Trustee.
"Little dollars'' eh ? Swunk sure
enough, haven't tbey f One dollar
dawing G per cent iuterest for three
or four years, doing the depositor
ten times as much good as it could
do io his pocket, and worth at the
end of that time jast eightyfive
cents is a buily specimen of Third
party financiering. That being "en
tirely satisfactory to all who take
advantage of the system' is good
a sentiment worthy of the veriest
high way robber. Gastonia Gazette.
The Gazette has simply got tbe
"Fanner" squarely by the horns,
What to Head.
If you are down with tbe blaea,
read tha twenty-seventh Psalm.
It there is a chilly sensation about
the heart, read the third chapter of
If you don't know where to look
for tbe month's rest read the thirty
If you feel lonesome and unpro
tected, read the ninety-firct Psalm.
If the stove-pipe has fallen down
and the cook gone off iu a pet, pat
ap the pipe, wash your hands, and
read the third chapter of James
If you find yourself losing confi
dence in men, read the thirteenth
chapter of 1 Corinthians.
If the people pelt yon with hard
words, read tbe fifteenth chapter of
If you are getting discouraged
about your work read Psalm 126
and Galatiaos 0:7-9.
If you are all ont of sorts, read
the twelfth chapter of Hebrews
The Bible Reader.
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