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0 / 75
1 I 1 i H
vol. vi i.
LINCOLNTON, N. C, FRIDAY, JUNE 23, 1893.
fellas located at Linoolnton and of
fers Lis services ii.s physician to the
citizens of Lincolntou and surround
U ill fce round at inht at the Lin
March 27. 1S91 iv
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
lincolnton, N. c.
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States Military Pnsou," at Salisbury,
from the yen of Rec. Dr. A. l Man-
yum, who ims professor of mental and
moral philosophy at the University of
North Carolina at the time of his death
in May, 1890.
From Charlotte Observer,
Concluded from last week.)
PREACHING TO THE PIIISONEKS.
The insensate stupidity of the
dting was remarkable. Majoy Gee
informed me in Febrnary that he
had made careful iuquity, and that
ot more than three thousand wli
had died not one had nttered a syl'
lable ot concern about the future
destiny of his eoal. Few reli:iom
advantages were afforded fhero. Di.
Currie preached in the hospitals.
On repeated applications to hito In
discouraged me as to preaching to
the masses of the prisoners, stating
that they were geuerally foreignet 5
and Catholics, and were not at all
likely to give me a kindly reception.
Rev. Dr. Rumple, I think, held ser
vice in the hospital for tbem. In
February I was invited by Dr. Wil
son to preach to them, he tellic;;
me that it had all the time beei
Major Gee's pleasure for tbem U
have preaching, and that they wouk
certainly appreciate it. Eoterng:
the jard on tbe next afternoon, i
being a beautiful Sabbath, I founc
a Baptist minister near the old wel
pieachiog to a large congregation o
tbem ; but as there were tnousandt
scattered over the. grounds who wen
not attending, I went to a large oak
in ihe eastern centre and began tc
ing. A number had followed me
and the throng increased for some
time. It was to me an interesting
occasion. They were very respect
ful, earnest and solemn, I used tbe
last Testament I had, and telling
tbem during the discourse that J
intended presented it to one of
them, I was touched by their eager
uess to get it, quite a. number pres
sing up with expectant looks.
When I concluded they crowded
thickly around me, and a nnmber
grasped my band m Christiau fer
It was probably Dr. Curry who
made an effort for a. prison library,
and 1 wrote to the Tract Society at
Richmond to get reading for them.
Rev. Air. Bennett was goue to Eu
rope to make arrangements to i.-et
some Bibles aud Testaments, which
were also viituaHy contraband of
war accoidmg to the regulation and
practice of the United States.
I was answered by Rev. Mr.
Moorman. He deplored his iuabili
ty to supply me from the exhaustion
of his supply. He spoke with
Christiau sympathy of my purpose.
Hence lew were the Christian privi
ledgea of the miserable prisoners.
But I have seen the light of heaven
in the eye of the suffering captive,
and heard from his lips tbe glorious
eloqueuce of salvation. From the
tongne of another I have listened
to the rich avowable ot Christian
hope and confidence, and heard tbe
failing, almost an inaudible voice
mutter, " 'Gome unto me all ye that
labor and are heavy laden, and I
will give you rest-' These are pre
cious words," And doubtless amid
the gloom and horror of that old
prison, there was many an upward
glance ot the heart many a strng-.
gle and triomph of faith many a
thrill of redeeming love and heaven
ly hope, which all unknown to friend
or toe, were recognized by Him i
whose nature is love, and who is
"mighty to save'
There was. a small brick building
near the centre of the prison, which
was used as a receptacle for the
dead until they were carried to the
burial ground. They were hauled
thence, without coffins, to the old
field west ot the piisoo. A detail,
first of convicts and afterwards of
prisoners of war, was kepc day by
day. constantly digging the long
pits in which they were interred.
These pits were four feet deep, a
little over six feet wide, and were
laid in them without covering J
there was not material to cover the
liviug, much less the dead. J hey
were laid Hide by side, and closely
as they would lie, ami when the
number was too large for the space
that was dug, one would he placed
on top between every two. They
generally had very little clothing
on, as the Jiving were permitted to
take their gannf ntn. Seldom does
it fall to the lot of man to behold a
more sickening aud hi ai trending
spectacle than they presented. It
was a lesson on the vanity of this
life more impressive and eloouent
than toneue or neii can describe, It
was a picture of the hellish enrse ot
war, in one of its most horrible and
hideous aspects. I begged the
workmen at least to get some brush
es to lay over thir taces. Sidly
have I mused, as I stood and gazed
upon their attenuated forms, as
they seemed the very romance of
the horrible in shroudless, coffinless;
grave. Those long, bony hands,
were once the dimpled pride of a
devoted mother, and on that cold,
blanched brow tender love has often
pressed the kiss of a mother's lips.
Perhaps while I gazed on their hap
less fate, a fond wife and prattling
childrenwere watching for the mail
that they might receive the longed
for tidings from him who was best
beloved. But I tnm from the
theme, as I always turned from
those harrowing, chilling burials,
with a heart full of sadness, and
shudder over the unwritten terrors
and calamities of war.
From the congregated evils of
imprisonment the prisoners were
always anxiously seeking to escape.
Giadly did they accept any oppor
tunity to get out, however laborious
tbe duties for which they detailed
Numbers of them were ou parole or
detail for various dutiee. Some
were clerks, some in the workshops,
some in the shoe factories, some
digging graves, some hanling wood
on the trait), etc., etc.
A Col. Tucker came there for the
purpose of getting recruits from
their number for the Confederate
army. Oa'y foreigners were al
lowed to enlist. Nearly eighteen
hundred took the oath administered
by a Catholic priest. Some may
have taken this step in good faith,
s it is koowu they were often re
cruited by foul means in the United
States, but the greater number
chose it as the only means of escape
from their terrible den. They were
called rgalvauzed Yankees," and
though most oi them made fecarcely
a show or fighting when the tesr
came, a few stood their ground and
fought with true courage.
ESCAPES FROM THE PRISON.
Of the whole number in the pris
ou, five or six hundred escapes
during the five months from Octo
ber to March. They sometimes
succeeded in deceiving tbe sentinels';
and passing quietly out at the gate.
One morning a ladder was found
against the stockade on the inside.
How many had scaled it is not
They were constantly eugaged
iu tuuueling. At one time they
were engaged on sixteen tunnels in
different parts of the enclosure.
Sometimes they would complete
tbem and a number escape. But to
prevent this a second line of seuti
nels was placed about thirty fee
from the stockade. There were also
spies among tbem who were bribed
by the prison officials to detect and
Before the officers were removed
and when there was only a line of
sentinels between the officers and
privates, a sentinel saw a paper
thrown across by an officer, and on
examining it, found that it contained
directions lor an outbreak to be
made at a certain signal that night,
I have hearcj that the parpose was
to overpower tbe guard and sack or Isotne walked in couples, supporting
burn the town. The plot was cons one another ; now and then three
ceived by General Hays and others. I would come together, the one In the
It caused the officers to be removed j middle dragged along by the other
to Danville immediately. It is al- J two; and occasionally several would
most impossible to conceive what oear a blanket on which was
the fate of the unsnepecting citizens ! stretched a friend unable to walk or
would have been that night if the j stand. Deeply was every heart
fearful plan bad been consummated. ! stirred which was not dead to sym
On the iSOtb of October, about 2 i pathy, as the throng gazed on tbe
o'clock in the afternoon, as tbe re
lief for the inside guard entered the
prison, they were rushed opou and
disarmed by the prisoners, and two
or three of them were killed. One
was tmyonetted, another shot, and
both staggered out to the gate, fell
and expired. About eight ;nen
were wounded. One sentinol on
th paiapet waa also fdiot and till
ed, the b.ill passing first through
the plank. As the priaoneis made
the rush they raised a tremendous
yell. Then came thcir rapid tire
upon tin? gaard, TLoy also threw
Itiick bals and baked eaith'ball,
whatever they could o!tain, at the
sentinels. The latter stood to their
S 0st dodging and firing.
moment the cannon at one of the
angles fired, but being loaded with
solid shot it did no execution.
There were soon two more dis.
charges with grape and canister
which did terrihle execution. The
musketry filing by th9 sentinels
also became rapid. A large body of
prisoners had congregated iu a
threatening attitude before the maiu
entrance. As soon as they saw they
could not succeed they threw up
their hands and cried : "We give
up! we are done I" They ran
scampering all over the grounds,
seeking for shelter, running into
their burrows and tents, falling in
the ditches aud on the ground.
The citizens, apprehending the
cause of the yelis and firing, armet
themselves as soon as possible and
young and old came in haste to the
prison. Col. Hinton's regiment,
'nrlllrtli iron f Vi f rain n f .3 . . f-
and about to leave, formed at tbe
sound of tbe cannon, double quicked
J to the stockade and mounted to the
parapet. But these and the citizens i
came too late. It is weU they were
no nearer, no sooner there, for many
more wonld certainly have been
killed. The officers of the prison
stopped the firing as soon as they
About 1G of the prisoners were
killed and 60 wouuded. lo was
difficult to restrain the excited peo
ple aud soldiers, particularly some
f the Freeman's men whose com
rades had been slain. When tbe
prisoners attacked the guard a
Yankee deserter knocked one pris
oner down with a brick-bat, aud
wrenching a musket from another
piuioued him with tbe bayonet. He
then ran to his quarters.
Some of the guard, in running
out, made a staud at the gate with
some picks and shovels lying there
and kept the prisoners back,
. The whole affair lasted but about
ten minutes. The reason of their
signal failures was their want of
concert and organization.
AN EXCHANGE OF PRISONERS.
About the middle of February,
Maj. Gee received intelligence mat
the articles of exchange had been
agreed on. The porpetual dream
and longing of those who survive
was about to be realized at last. Oh
how they had wished aud prayed
for it 1 Wading in the mire, pinch s
ed by hunger, chilled with cold,
covered with vermin, broken in
spirit, the thought of home was as
sweet as tbe vision of happiness,
and their most eager inquiry of all
visitors was, "Is there any prospect
for exchange ?' At last their sad
hearts were to be gladdened, Maj.
Gee, knowing how it would excite
and transport them, charged the
officer who was to inform them to
make no demonstrations lest the
guard might fire upon them. "His
message was. "Tell them they have
something good to sleep over to
Aboat the 20tb, all who were well
enough, were removed. The sick
were carried on tbe trains. The
hospitals were emptied of all who
could travel. It was a pitiable
spectacle to see the haggard, stag
gering patients marching to the
train. Some faltered along alone .
heartrending pageant, God forbid
I should ever be called to witness
tbe like again ! At tbe train they
received refreshments from the
hands of several fitiz.-ns. About
2.S00 Btarted to march to Greens
boro, A great many who started
were nnblo to make the march.
Besides the stragglers, two bundled
were lelt at Lexington and five
hundred the next day, were a ban
doned on the road. About one
thousand failed on the way.
I have failed to mention that
tbrte or lour bundled negroes were
brought to the prison, and were
heated precisely as the ocher pris.
oners of war.
After this general delivery about
500 were confined, some of them
from Shermany's army, and were
hurried to Charlotte just in time to
escape Stoueman'a raiders iu April.
The day that Stoneman captured
Slisituiy his piisoneis were penned
in the very same blockade which
had so long enclosed the hordes ol
f ederal captives. All the buildings
and the stockade were burned by
Stoneman's orders ou the night of
the 12th of April. A number of his
men had been imprisoned there,and
doubtless some of them were in the
detail to which was assigned the
Having writteu thus frankly of
tbe dark history of this great reser
voir of misery and death, I now ask
"Who is to blame f" Aud I answer
in the very words of two escaped
prisoners, newspaper correspondents
who published their prison experi
ence after their return to the North.
ESCAPED PRISONERS BLAMED EDs
WIN S. S1ANTON.
Mr. Richardson says : "The gov
ernment held a large excess of pris
oners and the rebels were anxious
to exchange man for man, but our
authorities acted upou the cold
blooded theory of Edwin M. Stan
ton, Secretary of War, that we
eou'd not afford to give well-fed,
rugged men tor invalids aud skele
tons that returned prisoners were
intiuiiely more valuable to the reb
els than to us, because their soldiers
were inexorably kept in the army,
while many of ours, whose term ot
service had expired, would not re
enlist." Mr. Brown writes: "As soon as
Mr. Ricbardsou aud myself reached
our lines we deter miued .to visit
Washington, even before returning
to New York, tu see what could be
done for the poor arisoners we had
left behind, and determine what
obstacle there had been in the way
of an exchange. We were entirely
free. We owed nothing to the reb
eld or to the government for re
lease. We had obtained our own
liberty, and were very glad of ir, for
we believed our captives had been
so unfairly, not to say inhumanely
treated at Washington that we were
unwilling to be indebted to the au
thorities of that city for our eman
cipation. We went to Washington,
deffering everything eise to moye
it the matter of prisoners, and did
what we thought most effective for
the end we had in view: During
our sojourn there we made it our
special business to iuquire into the
cau?e of the detention of Union
prisoners in the South, although it
was known that they were being
deliberately starved and frozen by
the rebels. We particularly endeav
ored to learn who was responsible
for the murder for it was nothing
else of thousauds of our brave
soldiers; and we did learn. There j
was but one answer to all our ques-
tions. and that was, Edwin M. Stan
ton, Secretary ot War. Although
ho knew the exact condition of af
fairs in the rebel prisons, be always
insisted that we could not afford to
exchange captives with the South ;
that it was not policy. Perhaps it
was not ; but it was humauity, and
possibly that is almost as good as
policy in other eyes than Mr. Stan
ton's. After onr departure from
Washington, such a storm was
raised about tbe Secretary's ears
such a tremendous outside feeling
wap created that he wa3 compelled
to make an exchange.
"The greater part of the North
have HOW been re-'Pu e ""loai ionics anu aiierawves vvu
i tiinin? nothin? which Dermits its OS9 as a
leased, I believe, but there was UO J
v, ohnnll hi 00
bepn narcled or exchanged mce
February han there was ten or
twelve months ago, No comp'.icas
tions, no obstacles had been remov
ed in tho meantime. Our prisoners
might just as well have been re
leased a year since as a month since,
and if they had been, thousand of
lives would have been saved to the
republic, not to speak of those near
and dear ones who were materially
.ud spiritually dependent ujmn
"Dreadful responsibility for some
one ; and that some one, bO far as I
can learn, is the Secretary ot War.
I hope I may b in error, but can
not believe 1 am. If I am right,
heaven forgive him ! for the peoele
will not. The ghost ot the thous
ands needlessly sacrificed heroes
will haunt him to his grave.''
Ai these extracts .'ire against the
ofiiceis ot their own government,
one, if not both, writteu wheu the
stoim had lulled and the mind was
capable of dispassionate reflection
and judgment, we, of course, must
accept tbem as true They agree
with and corroborate the opinion of
all welNinformed persons at the
South thus making it the verdict
of tbe jury of the million North
and South, that Edwin M. Stanton,
and not tbe authorities of the Con-
federacy, ts guilty of tbe deliberate
destruction oi thousands of Federal
aud Confederate captives whom he
would not permit to be exchauged.
Why, then, all this unrelenting
bitterness this bloodthirsty, inex
orable vengefullness towards tbe
South J impartial history will show
that in the article of prisons, she
was "more sinned agaitst than sin
ning." It is known by all who
choose to know the truth, that stern
necessity and iusupporiablo national
misfortunes occasioned tbe suffer
ings of Federal captives in Southern
prisons. Tbe South, both citizens
and government, clamored for ex
change the North refused it. But
where is the apology for the bar.
barities aud murders ofNorthe n
prisons? Is it found in the lex tal
ione'.N ? Where is tbe authority
that justifies retaliation against in
evitable necessity ?
Washington, D. C, Jone 11.
To the Editor of the New York
I stand squarely upon the late
National Democratic platform, and
favor a repeal of the Sherman act,
i he coinage of both gold and silver
at the mints on equal terms, and a
repeat of tbe tax ou State bank
Jodn S. Henderson, (Dem.)
amnio, or chiiiicn who want build
njfrup, prjonld take
BROWN'S IKON BITTERS.
It is pleasant to take, cures Malaria, Indi
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IT old on Hoys.
Hold ou to your tongue when
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Hold on to your hand wheu you
are about to steal, snatch or do any
Hold ou to your foot when you
are on the point of kicking, run
ning off from study, or pursuing the
path or error shame or crime.
Hold on to your temper when
you are excited, angry, or imposed
npoc, or others are angry with von.
Hold to your heart when evil as
sociates seek your company, and
invite you to join in their mirth
games and revelry
Hold en to your good name at all
times, for it is of more value than
good, high places or fashionable at
Hold on to the truth, for it wil1
serve you well and do you good
Hold on to your virtae it is
above all price to you at all times
Hold on to your good character,
for it is, and ever will be, yoar best
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until now it 13 clearly in tbe lead amona
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THAT CIlAltTKlt AGAIM.
lVIiy The JLmhI legislature
Amended The Farmer
On April 26th, 1S(J3 I sent to you
for publication an article containing
my views upon the resolutions rt
ceutiy adopted by the Wayne Coun
ty Alliance, and also the legislature
in amending the charter of the AU
1 1 i ance-
Since that time I have been
roundly abuse by tho Caucasian and
Proares$ii't Farmer, bnt the princi
pal reply to me have been abuse
The statement iu my commnnica-
Hon that raises the biggest bowl is
this; 4-A great mauy of the lecturers
of North Carolina last year were
third party candidates Aud still
they were paid out of the Alliance
fund $4,364 1. And if I am not
very much mistaken Mr. Graham
was called upon for $1,200 to help
pay that and other expenses of th
State meeting." This was the
charge made, and the reply ia a
card sigued by Messrs. Alexander,
Johnson, Mewborne, Batler and
others, sayiug that, "no sum was
appropriated or used last year in
the interest of tbe People's party,
and, that no sum was paid for lect
uring after May meeting of ex. 00m.
or lor other than legimate expenses
of the Alliance.''
I now reiterate what I did say :
The Alliance lectures in N. C, last
j ear were paid $4,364.19, and a
great mauy of them were Third
party candidates." This I assert as
(he truth, and no man can deny it.
Of the S names to the committee
card, 5 of them were candidates, 4
Third party, one a Democrat. Now
let's ee who has lied : They say,
"By order ot the executive commit
tee, at the May meeting last year
all the Alliance lecturers were wiih.
drawu from tbe field, this being
several weeks prior to tbe firs: start
to organize a new party." Left
see about that. In March last year,
Mr. J. W. Mewborne, District lect
urer, Dr. J. E. Person, County lect
urer, accompanied by Mr. A, L
Swinson, then county secretary can-?
vassed Wayne county. Messrs.
Mewborne and Person would open
the ball for the Alliance. Mr. Swjo
son would close tbe scene with a
long speech in lavor of a new party,
aud would say all manner of evil
against the Democratic organiza
tion. Well do I remember their
meeting with Falling Creek Alli
ance, Messrs.Mewbome and Person
made very short speeches, followed
by Mr. Swinson. My worst politi
cal enemy non (the strongest; friend,
then) said to me, after Mr. Swinson
closed hi 8 remarks, if he was allow
ed to make such political speeches
as that in the Alliance he would
rum tbe order.
Right here I would call Mr. Mew-
home's attention to the fact, that
he closed his canvass in Wayne
that be might be in Kinstoo at the
organization ot the People's party
for Lenoir connty, wihch was either
the last Saturday in March or tbe
first Saturday in April. A fevr
days after holding(forth at Falling
Creek Mr. Swmsou organized the
Peoples party at Providence and is
sued a call for a county mass meet"
to be held at Goldsboro, April 16tb,
lor the porpose of completing the
Mr. Butler, StatePresident, fears
iag Mr. Swinson wonld get ahead of
him, intercepted Mr. Swinson, and
held an Alliance meeting in the
court house that day. After deliv
iog his Alliance address be gave ns
reason why we should stick to the
Democratic party, and called on all
who would attend the coming Dem
ocratic conventions and support
their nominees to stand up, and
Dearly every one in the crowded
court room stood up. Mr. Swinson
and 5 or 6 of his followers, who wtre
honest in their conviction did not
We all remember tbe Swinson
circalar denouncing Mr. Butler, lc
a very short time Mr. Swinson did
organize the People's party for the
county. Thus we see the new party
organized in Wayne and Lenoir in
, Continued on last page.)