State Library 1 eachoj
THE MONROE JOURNAL.
VOLUME XII. NO 42
MONROE, N.C TUESDAY NOVEMBEP 21 4005
One Dollar a Year
Stuffs on the Farm.
O. W. rtMl la rnfMt TrmM.
EixoMT in raising live stock
demttxls tbe production of "rough
new" or rouhae materials on tbe
lam. By roughness or roughage,
of course yon understand bulk;
food, like bay, grass, clover, alo
ver, etc It is pnMtihle to pureh
J I roughage and yet make a fiuao
eial enccesa of growing farm ani
mala, but this certainly ia not the
Barest way to succeed. Every farm
ahould rsise all ita feed atult In
deciding what forage aud grain
eropa to grow we atiould decide
1. The crop best suited to our
soil and climate.
2. The crops bust suited to our
line of business.
3. The crop" that will give us
4. The crops that produce the
5. The crops that will keep our
oil in best condition.
1. 0KOIM BftT Sl'lTF.D TO Ol'B
Soil a so Cum atk. Farm crops,
as every child of the farm knows,
are not equally adapted to all aoilk
and climate. Cotton cauuot lie
produced where the climate ia cool
and the sua us short. Timothy
and blue grans are nuMt productive
on cool, limestone soils. C'owpeas
demand warm, dry soils. But in
spite of climate limitations, nature
haa been generous in the wide va
riety of forage she has given us.
Our aim should be to make the
beat use of what we have, to im
prove by aetectiou aud care those
aoecies beat adapted to our soil and
climate, and by better methods of
growing aud curing to secure great
est yielils at least possible Ctmt-
2. CKOlU BOT 81ITF.D TO Ol'B
LiSB of IUhisixh. A farmer nec
essarily becomes a specialist. He
gathers those kinds of live stock
about him which he likes best and
which he finds most profitable, lie
should, in carrying ou his busi
ness, do the same with crops.
The successful railroad manager
determines by practical experience
what distances his eugiues aud
crews ought to run a day, what
coal is most economical for his en
gines, what schedules bent suit the
needs of his road, w hat trains pay
him best. These and a thousand
ud one other matters are settled
by the special needs of his road.
Ought the niau who wants to
make his farm pay lie leas prudent
and less far-aightetlT Ought he not
to know his farm as the railroad
manager knows his roadf Should
not his past failures and past tri-
A Fatal and Premeditated
It has recently developed that out
on the Morgan Mill road, near the
city limits, there have been things
pang on which when brought to
liirht will startle the public.
Readers of advertisement will re
member that some time ami The J.
W. Hill Co. advertised the 0emng
of a new crocerv store at the Oil
Mitt. They advertised all new goods
and especial low prices.
Ths public haa been interested in
the development of that part of our
city. Certain enterprises have been
established there, among them The
J. W. Hill Co., which sells groceries
and dry goods. They sell their
goods so cheaply and they give such
excellent satisfaction that most ev
erybody trades with them and the
result is that, to a stranger, it would
seem that the principal thoroughfare
of Monroe is now at and around this
store at the Oil Mill. There was
never a new enterprise that met with
auch success and general approba
tion on the part of the trading public
We make special effort to please
and accommodate our patrons. Come
over and see what we are doing, we
will give you a treat.
J. W. HILL CO.
am pits decide his fntaref If he be
dairy tanner, ought be not oy
practical taaU to settle for himself
not oulr what crops are aaost ai
home on his land, bat also what
crops is biacircafnata&cea yield him
the largest returns in milk ana but
terf If awine raising be hia busi
ness, bow long oagbt he to gueee
what crop oa but lauda yields biin
the greatest amouut of bog foodf
Should a colt be fed on oue kind of
forage when the land that produced
that forage would produce twice as
turn equally good forage or anoth
er kiudt AU these questions the
prudent farmer ahould answer
promptly and ia the light of wise
3. Chow that w ill oivb
Mich Pbotkin. It ia the farm
er's business to grow all the grass
and forage that hia farm animals
need, lie ought never to be
obliged to purchase a bale of for
age. Moreover, be abouia grow
mainly those crops that are Hob in
protein materials, auch for example
aa cowneaa, alfalfa and clover. If
these kinds of eropa are produced
on the farm, there will be little
need of buying cotton aeed meal,
corn and uran lor ieeaing par
4. Cbops That Produce the
M out. We often call a crop a crop
without considering bow much it
yields. This ia n mistake. We
ought to grow, when we have choice
of two, the oue that la best and
most productive. Corn, for instance,
yields at least twice the quantity of
feeding material an acre that tim
6. Crops That will keep our
8oil ix Bimt Condition. A good
farmer should alwaya be thinking
of improving bia soil. He wants
his laud to support Dim aud to
maintain hia children after he is
Hi nee oowpeaa, clover and alfalfa
add atmospheric nitrogen to the
soil, and at the same time are the
best feeding material, It lollows
that these crops should hold an im
portaut place in every system or
crop rotation. By proper rotating,
by proper terracing, and by proper
drainage, land may be made to re
tain its fertility for generations.
Son Lost Mother.
"Consumption runs in our family,
and through it I lost my mother,"
writea E. IS. Held of Harmony, Me.
"For the past five years, however,
on the slightest sign of a cough or
cold, I have taken Dr. King's New
Discovery for consumption, which
has saved me from serious lung
trouble." His mother's death was
a sad loss for Mr. Held, but he baa
learned that lnug trouble must not
be neglected and how to cure It
Quickest relief and cure for coughs
and colds. Price 50c. and II, guar
anteed at Kngliah Drug Company's.
Trial bottle free.
A nother, While Holding Her Baby
In Her Arms, Faints and Falls
Into the Fire.
A shocking accident occurred a
few mornings ago at the home of
Mr. Johu Uinson, who lives on tbe
plantation of Mr. J. F. Gregory, in
the Taxahaw neighborhood. The
wife of Mr. Hiuson, Mrs. Alnietta
Hiuson, who ia a daughter of Mr.
Butler Starnea, arose early, anu
after making a fire was standing
by it warming, bolding her baby
in her arma, when she suddenly
fainted and fell into the fire, the
baby falling into the flames also.
The crlea or the child aroused
Mr. Hiuson and Mrs. liinaon'a
brother, Mr. Dick Starnes, who had
not gotten ontof bed. They rnsnea
to the rescue of the unfortunate
mother and ber child, but they did
not reach them in time to save
them from serious injury, both
being horribly burned. It is doubt
ml whether either will recover.
THE LOWRY COTTON PICKER.
flany Field Teats Have Established
the cotton away from the pirker
arm and delivers it to the Tan, pre
paratory to la-ing stored. The
it. D-L-.KiHt. A Detailed i nicker arm, that part correspoud-
WHrHkxi ( t( Mechanism. "g to the humsn baud, to perhaps
Ita Simplicity a Characteristic .the most
Feature An Invention that He
rn Ptaca With the Great
Triumphs of the Century-
The textile papers of the South
have referred quite often to the ef
forts of Mr. George A. Lowry, the
well known Boston, Mass., iuven
tor, to perfect a practical cotton
picking machine, one of simple
construction, durable, and so ar
ranged that when nsed in the field,
no damage ahould be done to the
growing plant by stripping the
leaves and knockiug ofT immature
bolls. During the past quarter cen
tury attempt after attempt has been
made, but np to this time the prac
tical testa of the cotton fields has
proved all of them lameutable fail
ures. Mr. Lowry. however,. taking
the stand that no machine could be
arrauged so aa to eliminate the liu
man intellect, baa placed
fields for test a machine
promisee to be a revelation to those
engaged iu cotton culture in the
South. Ilia inveutiou is tree from
those defects which, in the past,
resulted in the failure of other sim
ilar contrivances, aud it seems as
sured that the solution of this great
problem is a mere questiou of time.
The Observer of yesterday con
tained a very interesting avcoonl
of the practical workings of the
machine. Aa it now stands out in
the field of Mr. Frank A. Johnston,
a mile oat on the Derita road north
of the city, It very closely resent
bles a monster spider, or what chil
dren often refer to as "grandaddy
legs." At a distance, one observe
the skeleton of the machine with
dihtiiutive part of the
whole invention aud the part which
ia destined, in a larger measure
than anv other, to solve the prob
lem. The picker arm consists of
an open trough like tube, In wnicn
is aa endlens belt, the bark of which
runs on millers while the front is
studded with innumerable teeth or
pronirs. the flue sharp teeth of
which point out aud up with the
motion of the ML It is made of
the same material as the face of the
old fashioned cards.
Each machine, which straddles
oue row of cotton, is provided with
four seats, oue between each of the
four couples of picker arms. Look
ing at the rtiotiou of the machine,
the operator on the front aud right
side, picks one aide of the outer
row. The operator on the left aide
attends likewise to the inner sme
of the left row. The operator on
in the the rinht side in the rear, picks the
which right side of the middle row, while
the operator on the other side looks
after the cotton ou the left side of
the same row. In this wsy, one
row and a side of two others are
The oerator, who should be
skilled in this particular work,
handles two of the picker anus.
As the machiue moves, he sits with
his feet on the ground, and touches
each opeu boll of rotten. The mo
ment the tenth catch lu the lint,
e cotton ia carried up the arm
I disappears in joint No. 2,
where it is blown into joint No. 3
and on into the hag. Along the
course of the picker arm, are a
number of guards and prongs which
keep out the trash and the leaves.
four large canvas bags on either In this point, the macnine is lar
corner. Approaching closer, it is! superior to all of its predecessors,
seen that the machine is provided, The cotton picked is remarkably
with a email gasoline engine in the clean of trash. Kveu with the iu
middle and radiating from this are! expert operators manipulating the
a number of pulleys and tubes! picker arms yesterday, the staple
which are very similar to the arms j was as clean as that to lie found in
of an octopus. These tuliea connect; the Mississippi valley. And then,
with the canvas bags, and they are! too, the Held wherein the test was
parts which are worthy or a more
detailed and careful description.
There are eight of these. They
resemble very closely the human
arm, in that each is provided with
three Joints, corresponding to the
shoulder, elbow and wrist. At the
shoulder, the cotton is emptied into
the bags, the staple being blowu
np aud in by fans. The second part
made was dead and there was a
vast amount of trash on the ground
aud stalks. Those who witnessed
the experiment yesterday believe
that the machine will pick as clean
cotton as that now gathered by
hand. The field wherein the pick
er worked was as clean of cotton as
a floor after the trip had been made.
The driver controls the speed ol
consists of a palley which carries the machine, moving slowly where
Strcnithens and Restores.
tK. i I
183 ADELAIDK CLAIRE, W.
forty-Brat street, New York City,
N. Y, wrltast
Pvruns strengthens and mtnm the
eerroua system, builds up your worn
u constitution and Is Jiut what women
hALtttu Viu-li tun It-la a iaiu.iitw 1
of about ;l0 pounOs, Inch is about
a half day's work for each operator.
As to the machine. The inven
tion contains several features w Inch
are of iucstiuiahle value. A proper
conception of these features I the
prime one has lrn outlined alstve
as the peculiar picking arm carder
contrivance) can be obtained only
by personal examination. There
are several minor mechanical im
perfections, w hich may be easily
remedied, for they have la-en solved
in oilier machines and need only to
lie applied in this. For instance.
the sprocket chain need to lie im
proved. One of the lubes occasion
ally becomes choked. Any prac
tical gi liner knows how to remedy
this defect. A handle should la
added to the picker arm so that it
might lie more easily and delicate
ly ojierated. The engine used in
the operation ol the machine should
be a high grade one of automobile
type, costing some -'iki instead ol
10, the approximate value of the
one uow in use. These changes,
which may le easily made, w ill do
away with a large mrtof the crude
ness of woik winch is uow noticeable.
The distinctive parts, those w hich
aeed who are afflicted with wraxneaa of ,0 liake ,hw ni(M.nine of prac
-'""i. ! ..' Bothi"K but pri for uUU w,. nj
in oiuer oros, tor ur,tii oi inr
'problem has lst-n on-ned and the
erfcctinn of Hie supplementary
I parts is but a matter of a very short
bars of my family hve wed it and all
und by It aa a wonderful health giver."
Miu Adelaide Claire.
Catarrh a Systemic Disease.
Catarrh Is a syatemio diaeaaa, curable
only b) tyatenile treatment. A remedy
that cures catarrh must aim directly at
ths depressed Berrs centers. This is
what Peruna does. Peruns Immediately
invtEoratea tha nerve centers which
Siva vitality to tha muooua membranes, j tury.
time. Certainly this cotton picker
is very much in advance of the
first secitiic!is that we have of a
sewing machine, or cotton gin, or
reaper or in fact any of the notable
great inventions of the past ceu-
Then catarrh disappears; then It Is per
Peruns euros ths catarrh wherever lo
cated. If you do not derive prompt and satis
factory results from the use of Peruns
write at onoe to Dr. Hartman, (tiring a
full statement of your case and he will
be pleased lo give yon hia valuable ad-1
Address Dr. Hartman, President of
The Hartman Sanitarium, Columbus, O.
the plants are well fruited and fast
er where only a few opened bolls
appear on each stalk. In this way
each operator has au abundunce of
work to do and no opportunity is
given to loaf. There is one bag for
each man and thus a record of the
amount of work done by each may
be kept. Aa the liags are
each operator loosens a stritn: and
the entire contents are dumped into cottou down in the bag, then stoo
As to the speed that the picker
may make. The inve.itor claim!'
that the present machine will pick
.1,000 pounds jver ten hour day. A
larger machine, which is to arrive
in Charlotte next week, will pick
three rows instcmr of two, uinl will
gather during the day I.immi pounds.
These are the estimates and they
aie lielieved to In- very conserva
tive. The present machine already
has a record of L'.lilO pounds with
the uust inexpert help. There are
many who believe that with the
perfected machine, !,() iKiumls
may 1 easily picked.
It is estimated that the ordinary
darkey hardly picks one fourth ol
his or her time. It is necessary to
reach out, gather in the staple,
separate the boll and trash from
the lint, raise up the arm, place me
. . m. j r- t- tic? niiennr vrttl D I TV TJ?TX?
NftVC MUNIL.T HI SLLinU US Obr Vta IWW sa. in i ft.
Its What You
Receive That Counts-
Auumnce Society of New York.
KPWASO W. SCOTT. PmrtileBi.
Through the agency of Gold
A Gold, Inc.. and their pre
decensora, haa been RETURN
ED to Carolina Policy
Holders in 10 years over
l5OO.000.00. BESIDES LOAN
ING them over I3oo.ooo.oo,
and at present protecting;
them to th extent of nearly
1$ so, cot OS.
Such are the practical re
sults of Life Insurance in
Reliable men wanted to rep
resent us in every North
COLS I (OLD, Inc., Gen. stents
is 1'n ! a ooia coaipur.
Greensboro, N. C.
When tod want a pleasant physic,
try Chamberlain's Stomach and Liver
Tablets. 1 bey are easy 10 laie ana
produce no eripinr or other nnpleas
ant effect. Sold by C. N. Simpson, Jr.,
and S. J. Welsh.
If there were no fools, fads would
soon die out.
$100 Reward, $100
The readers ot this paper will be
Dleaied to learn that there la at leaat
one dreaded disease that science baa
been able to care in all Ita stages and
that is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure
ia the only positive cure now known to
the medical fraternity, lataitn Dein
s constitutional diseaae, requires
constitutional treatment. Hall's Cs
tarrh Curs ia takes internally, actios,
directly npoa tha blood sod mocoua
surfaces ol ths system, tnereny ae
strovini the foundation of thediae
and (Wing ths patient strength by
boitdinc up the constitution sod aaslst
ids nature in doin ita work. Tbe
proprietors have so much faith in its
curative powers, that tney oner one
Hundred Dollars for any caaa that n
fails to cars. Send tor bet el Ustl-
Address: F. I. CHENEY ft CO.,
Sold be drariists, .
Take Hall's Family Pills for const!
Are yonr Kldneya, Liver
Bladder effected! If so read our
guarantee: . ,
We offer $25.00 reward for any
case of Kidney, Liver or Bladder
trouble that cannot be cored by
INTERSTATE! CHEMICAL CO.
Baltimore, M. D.
For sale by Price & Moore,
K. F. D. 8, Monroe, N. a
People's Pry Goods Co,
Clothing;, Dry Goods,
Suits, Overcoats, Pants, fine Shoes, coarse
Shoes, Overshoes, Cotton and Woolen
Dress Goods, Silks, Flannels, Flannelets,
Outing, Ginghams, Percals, Shirtings,
Cloakg, Jackets and Capes, Shirts, Collars,
Neckwear, Underwear, Hosiery, Gloves,
Hats, and Caps, Trunks and Bags.
Make your selection in any of these lines and come
and get a bargain. Come and look.
Have your cake, muffins, and tea bis
cuit home-made. They will be fresher,
cleaner, more tasty and wholesome.
Royal Baking Powder helps the house
wife to produce at home, quickly and eco
nomically, fine and tasty cake, the raised
hot-biscuit, puddings, the frosted layer
cake, crisp cookies, crullers, crusts and
muffins, with which the ready-made food
found at the bake-shop or grocery does
Royal is the greatest of bake-day helps.
0YAl SARIN SOWDtS CO.. HEW VOftK.
People's Dry Goods
....I., mi. lihihij mi. mi h.hm i. ijiiiniiiim'wi-;-wtltwmii,uinJpiJ . yam ' '." 'm-- " " '' " -
Ana flOA 3a0J3a sn oNiaas ah aunuw ja t
out again aud repeat the proems
every few seconds. As this goes
on the body iu time becomes tired,
and then either the picker will rest
or m ill reduce the HjxH'd of his work.
With the machine, the oerator sits
on a seat and all that be haa to do
is to touch the boll with the picker
arm aud the cottou disapirs im
mediately. In tins way Imt little
physictd exertinu is required aud
the hhh(I of the operator never
slacks. Cotton is constantly pour
ing into the hns aud the process
The Lowry cotton picker is pro
nounced by those who are experts
both as cotton men aud as machin
ists a? a success. If this be true it
is an invention that cau be classed
with the world's event History
makes note of the inveution of the
cottou gin as au epoch making
event, so also the sewiug machine,
the reajH-r aud niauy others. The
cotton pirker deserves to lie men
tioned with these, and the name of
Mr. (ieorge A. Lowry should be
mentioned in connection with Eli
Whitney, McCoriuick and others.
It is difficult to estimate what
this means to the South. There is
no other section of the world where
the soil and climatic conditions arc
so favorable to the production of
the staple. Heretofore the great
problem has been, not so much bow
uinch may be gotten from the soil,
but how much cotton may be picked
when the proper time comes. The
insufficiency of labor baa always
acted as a check upon the plautiug
of cotton. With the perfection of
tbe cotton picking machiue, which
will do the work of some 15 to 2"
hands, this problem will be solved
and as much cotton may be planted
as may be tilled during the mouths
of its growth.
The Lowry machine is as simple
its possible, lucre is practically
nothing about it to get out of order,
and its simplicity is evidence of its
durability. Then too, it is exceed
ingly Inexpensive, whicb together
with its efficiency, is destined to
compel its universal nse.
is often as great as woman's. But
Thoa. 8. Austin, manager of the
Republican of Leavenworth, Iud.,
was not unreasonable when he re
fused to allow the doctors to oper
ate on his wile for female trouble.
Instead," be says "we concluded
to try Klovtne Bitters. My wife
was then so sick she could hardly
leave her bed and five physicians
had failed to relieve ber. After tak-
ng Electric Bitters she was per
fectly cured and can now perform
all her household duties." Guaran
teed by English Drug Co., price 50c.
Able to Report Progress.
Is your boy getting along well at
"les as well as could be expect
ed, lie has two fractured ribs
broke collarbone, and a dislocated
shoulder, but the doctor saya he'll be
out again in a lew weeks.
No Poison In Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy. From Napier, New
Zealand, Herald: Two years ago tbe
pharmacy board oi New South Wales
Australia, bad an analysis uiadeot all
the couth medicines that weie sold ia
that market. Out of the entire list they
found only one that they declared was
eutirely free from poisons. This ei
centioo was chamberlains Couch Kent
eilv. made by the Chamberlain Medi
cine Co., Dei Moines, is., U.S.A. tne
absence of all narcotics makes this
remedy the safest and beat that can be
had; and it is with a leelinc ot securi
ty that any mother can givs it to ber
little onea. Chamberlain's Louth Kern
edy is especially recommended by ita
makers for coughs, colds, croup and
whooolnr couch. This remedy is for
sale by C.N, Simpson, Jr., S. . Welsh
Knowledge that she bas a bewitch
ing smile haa much to do with
Wbea Yoaj Have B4 Cold
you want a remedy that will not only
ire quick relief bat effect a perms.
acnt curs. Vo want a remedy that
UI r.lis lb. Inacs and keep eipac
roratioa eaey. Yoa want a mnedy tbst
iU co ante raft say. tendency toward
pfMomoDia . Yoa want a remedy (bat
is pleasant sad as Is to take. Cham
berlaiu a Coach itemed y meets all
tbeso requirements and lor tha speedy
and permanent core of bad coiusslsn.
without pr. fat sals by C. N
I Simpson, Jr., sad S. J. WeUb.
The Hot Water Cure.
Woman's Hume Companloa.
Dr. William Osier ia alwaya ex
ceedingly precise in bia directions
to pat ions. He relates aa experi
ence which a brother practitioner
ouce had which illustrates the dan
gers of the lack of precision.
A young man one day visited
this doctor and described a common
mulady that bad befallen him.
"The thing fur you to do," tbe
physiciau said, "ia to drink hot
water an hour before breakfast
Tbe patieut took hia leave and in
a week returned.
'Well, bow are you feeling? '
the physician asked.
'Worse, doctor, worse; worse, if
anything," was the reply.
"Ah! Did you follow my advice
and drink hot water an hour before
'I did my best, air," said the
young man; "but I couldn't keep
it up ruore'n ten minute at
Many children iuherit constitu
tions weak and feeble, others due
to childhood troubles. Hollister1!
Rocky Mountain Tea will positive
ly cure children and make them
strong, 35 cents, tea or tablets.
English Drug Company.
A divorce suit is usually more ex
pensive than a wedding suit.
The Exact Thing for Constipation.
'As a certain purgative and stomach
purifier Chamberlain's Stomach and
Liver Tablets seem to be tbe exact
thing required, strong enough for the
most robust, yet mild enough and safe
for children and without that terrible
griping common to moat purgatives,"
aay R. S. Webster & Co., Udora, On
tario, Can. For sale by C, N. Simp
aon, Jr., and .. J. Welah,
Quite a serious accident occurred
at Haw River Mouday. Two men
were playing with a gnn, when one
put up his bund, aud told the other
to see if be could hit it- -minting
the gun was unloaded, rloyd
Thompson, one of the young men,
raised the gun to his sbouiaer ana
ulled the trigger. There waa a
lliwh and the hand of Charles Vow-
ell hung at his aide shattered.
Drs. McPberson and Long were
called in and amputated the hand.
Physicians tell us that all
the blood in a healthy
human body passes through
the heart once in every two
minutes. If this action be
comes irregular the whole
body suffers. Poor health
follows poor blood ; Scott's
Emulsion makes the blood
pure. One reason why
is such s great aid is because
it passes so quickly info
the blood. It is partly di
gested before it enters the
stomach ; a double advan
tage in this. Less work
for the stomach; quicker
ind more direct benefits.
To get the greatest amount
of good with the least pos
sible effort is the desire of
everyone in poor health.
Scott's Emulsion does Just
that A change for the
better takes place even be
fore you expect it ' 7
y-S Wa aHaaalyasa
V - w
V a r-v
f i f