I'd pjBUSHED EVERY THURSDAY AT MORGANTON, 'THE BEST TOWN IN NORTH CAROLINA" SUBSCRIPTION ONLY $1.00 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE MORGANTON, H. C, THURSDAY, AUGUST 23, 1917 NO. 3 'n I p Fc p COUNTY r7T7Nl w u i ;j(F liURKE'S BEST BOYS MUST GO me Stood the Test and ill Wrar the Honor of the I iist Called - a list of those who will ,:v,rr the first call to arms, v.-iil io it nobly. God bless I r; c Denton, Mtrganton. Atuiiaux, Adako. , Hail, Glen Alpine. i t. lltit Waltr i- Crawley, Morgantoa it- ihn Ala ley. Construction (Augus ta . i3:M John St.) i-tie L ail, Connelly Springs. 3iti-iOii Alcana Branch, Drexel. O:vid Cook, Hildebrand. u au'ieid Giles, Glen Alpine. t jJuu AK"aii, Construction. Hfcriu I -ine, Morganton, Route 1. i.a l ...J ey, Connelly springs D C, 611 Jersey Ave , Pi- t . HA.U -brand, Connelly Spring i ! tit t. u. .a , riouie i. i j :,i Pic-;?, Morganton, Kt. 1. Vi-I - -d. Glen Alpine. Tin Frvvii, Eadin (Construction ) ,v iiaii i re cline, Morganton. .xa-.i l Deal, Morganton, (Rich- :. Va. 312 E. Clay St.) J liuh Carsweli, Morganton, Rt, 4. j liuoe mith, Morganton, Rt. 4. C Beach, Morganton. T ' 1 i TH. "I he?t I nom as, cnagewaier xii. a. r. Chapman, Connelly Springs !-.vood Happoldt, Morganton. rt Pa-.v Winter?, Morganton. Free man, Hildebrand, Ai.eii Gilliam. Construction. .ji-vMan Banks, Construction. E5i r-:t A Waters, Morganton, R. 1. Iagiasi C Hamby, Black Mtn. iaitftiii Alexander Tucker, Mor gan! on irn Mortut. Morganton. jlr Torrance, Morganton. !lax Swink, Connelly Springs, Rt. 8. India, care J. T. Perkins.) Aron Hamilton, Morganton. fL ver Brocks, Hickory, Rt. 4. ,iank Stacev, Glen Alpine. fciir U'inkler, Rhodhiss. line; Wedev Gowens, Connelly r.gs. ; Yi Eenfield, Glen Alpine. rank Murray Rhodes, Morganton, Ur.a..viri- S. Hudson, Morganton J.ibavy, 'r) Ennis St.) uerrandei Pritchard, Joy. " feiiry Ncvman, Morganton, Rt. 1. j jib; T Oxford, Morganton, Rt. Is Daniel r'crnev, Morganton, Rt. f iir.r-t Linv.ocd Perkins, Morgan-) i ! Ii?s Gafr.ey, Construction. ,9-,:: uoor,vard. Morganton. c t r- Manley Reep, Glen Alpine j car wiik, Hildebrand. j aiTrv Lee Mooney, Morganton. i rh-'iu McDovveil Watkins Adako. i ar in Kyron Kmcaid. Worry. ianir A Conley, Bridgevrater. J Au-rbun l eague, Rhodhiss. hit Ai r ander Dye, Morganton, ar:hali Atiee Brinkley, Morgan- Saymoud Brown, Joy. iii'am Lfvcis Calvin Odell Mc- Aioiganton. faliace 2;ix, Construction. Heph Gues, lonta Flora. :idari Cr.oiey, Connelly Springs, ilham David Justice, Drexel. iiav.-nrt- 11 Knfield Mnro-nnton i-r fcimster, Construction. i btrt Biaswell. IVTm-c-antriTi frank Cobb, Gibbs. IVTlham O.ven Bern'. Drexel fProc- , care Kitter Lumber Co.) rar.cis Ciark, Morganton. iarence Crouch, Morganton, Route, larshaii Harbinson, Morganton. piley Snath Simpson, Glen Alpine. lAlfre l Ctisn. Glpn Alnine hoby Pir.kney Shuffler. Jov. Vabsrt D. Setier, Morganton. elix Movuu!? Mull. Morganton. Valter hector, Connelly SDrmsrs aiesville. ) t iarence Williams, Construction. loyle A, hmier, Jonas Ridge, ames Var.ce Alexander, Morgan Rt 5 oseph Franklin Lindsay, Morgan- John C. Kiiivsrous, Morganton. id Lewis Wright; Morganton. f illiarn Eiiis Buff, Valdese. very Joshua Hendricks, Connelly fings, Koute. lohn N. Watts, Morganton, Route 1 Albert Lee Rust, Morganton. 3obert Greenlee, Construction. Avery loTnan, Hickory, Route 4. 3enamin P. Epley, Eirdgewater. 'r,ue woore, Branch. lllysses C. Waters, Morganton, R. 1 t-tordon Biggerstaff, Jonas Ridc-e. torge M. Mauney, Hickory, Rt. 4. "mes c- zer, Morganton. ?lato Shotwell Wilson, Morgantoji ielly D. Bowman, Morganton. ' 4ons Berry, Morganton. Cammie Scott, Axlako VTgtl?-COe WaIker. Morganton. .lark Giles, Gibbs. indy J. Hoyle, Connellv -rintra Charles Ernest Walker, Morganton. FEDERAL JUDGE HOLDS DRAFT CONSTITUTIONAL Decision Made Public Monday in Case of Negro Held for Vio lating the Draft Law Mount Airy, Ga., Aug. 20. Federal District Judge Speer held the selective draft law constitutional in a decision made public here today. The decision was rendered on applications for writs of habeas corpus for Albert Jones and John Story, held in the Richmond county, Georgia, jail, charg ed with violating the law, and was represented by Thomas E. Watson. Watson contended that the law is in contravention of the involuntary serv itude amendment. Judge Speer left for Fairfield, N. a, where it is expected he will, decide whether or Hot "the Jeffersonian," a magazine published by Watson, shall be allowed in the mails. It has been denied admission by the postmaster at Thompson Ga., the place of publi cation, because it contained what had been charged as seditious matter. Judge Speer, in denying the writs, declared that to agree to the conten tion that the selective draft law con travences the 13th amendment would be to conclude that the soldier is a slave. '"Nothing could be more abhorrent to the truth," said Judge Speer, ''nothing more degrading to that in dispensable and gallant body of citi zens trained in arms, to whose man hood, skill and courage, is, and must be committed the task of maintain ing the very existence of the nation and all that its people hold dear." Answering the contention of the pe titioners that by the emmon law it was their right to "remain within the realm" and that this right should be held to relieve them from military service beyond the borders of the Uni ted States, Judge Speer said the com mon law could not prevail against the explicit provisions of an act of Con gress, which was empowered by the constitution to raise and support ai'mies. He declared that this power was not restricted in any manner and that Congress may summon to its army every citizen of the United States. T Admitting that no express . power W2S given to send armies beyond the sea, he said that there was no .express power to enact the criminal laws of the United States, building of the Panama canal or to purchase Alaska. "This has all been done," he said, "under the great power to promote the general welfare, just as the selec tive army will be created under the law her assailed to provide for the common defence' and beyond and above all, is the inherent power of every nation however organized to utilise its every man and its energy to defend its liberty." No General Exemption Likely Washington, Aug. 18. Renewed dis cussion of the status of married men under the selective service law has been aroused by publication of Presi dent Wilsons' letter to Senator Weeks dealing with this and other subjects. In many quarters the President's statement that he had no doubt Sena tor W7eeks' point as ta the ..exemption of married men" was well taken, was interpreted as an indication that he approved exemption of any man of family who had not marned merely to escape military duty. The President has full power to di rect that the regulations governing selection be amended to this ettect. A proposal specifically to exempt all married men was made when the bill was in the senate, an amendment to that effect by Senator Smith, of Geor gia, baintr lost by a wide margin. Ihis fact, together with the regulations later promulgated by the President making' exemption possible only in case of actual dependency, are taken as indications that no general exemp tion for married men as a class will be given now. In cautioning local boards against attempting to fill quotas by selecting an inquiatble number of men who have waived exemption and are, therefore, practically volunteers, General Crow der said that greatest care must be exercised in sending forward the last 10 per cent of any quota. "The last 10 per cent," he said, "must be. selected with great care to be sure that no one in the whole quo ta is sent for military duty while a selected person with an earlier order of obligation for military service is allowed to remain at home. Robert B. Burns, Hildebrand. Lewis Walker, Construction. Bland Lowman, Connelly Springs. Skuyler Hudson, Connelly Springs, Eoute 3. Midas C. Childers, Valdese. Henry T. McGalliard, Connelly Springs, Route 4. Ransom Fred Carswell, Morganton. Robert H. Hyams, Lmville Falls. Claud S. Waters, Morganton, Rt.,1 Charles Jarrett, Bridgewater. John .Young, Hickory Route 5. Ruf us Tillman . Duckworth, Mor tfanton, Route 1. ATTEMPTED SHOOTING LENOIR AUTOIST NEAR SHULLS MILLS Mr. and Mrs. Marshall Courtney and Mr. M. M. Courtney and Other Members of Family are Fired at By Lone Man Sunday Afternoon. Lenoir News. A party consisting of Mr. and Mrs. M. M. Courtney and family and Mar shall Courtney, Jr., with his wife and baby, motored to Blowing Rock and several other places of interest in the mountains last Sunday. While run ning along at a moderate gait not far from Shull's Mills they met a lone driver in a Ford car. From the way he was going from one side of the road to the other Robert Courtney, who was driving Mr. Courtney's Cadillac, stop ped the machine on the side of the road until the person, whoever he was, should get by. The man finally suc ceeded in getting by, but in doing so ran into the rear wheel of the Court ney car without doing either machine any apparent injury. After going on for a mile or so the Courtney party was informed that they were on the wrong road, so they turned around and after a few minutes overtook the man with the Ford, who was still find ing difficulty in keeping it in the road. He yelled to them to stop, but they, realizing that the man was evidently drunk and wishing to avoid any trou ble, kept going. When they had got ton about a hundred yards away the man was seen to raise his gun and fire. No one in the Courtney machine was hi, but from all accounts it was not the fault of the man with the gun. The episode was reported to the authorities at Shull's Mills. On their return from .Valle Crucis the same man was seen sitting with some oth ers near a small church in the neigh borhood of Shull's Mills, and when he recognized the party he immediate ly got up and drew his pistol, but was iept from shooting by the men who were with him. The matter has been reported to the sheriff of Watauga county and the highwayman is ex pected to be apprehended at an early date. It is thought by many that if this man, whose name is alleged to be Fred Aldridge, is not arrested at once and put where he can't molest the mountain tourists the summer re sort business of our neighboring coun ty will be very materially affected, for who will want to take their families motoring in a county where every minute one expects to be made the target for some drunken roughneck to try out his artillery on? W. W. LEADERS IN JAIL UNDER MILITARY ORDERS Spokane, Wash., Aug. 19. James Rowan, district secretary of the I. W. W and 26 other alleged members of the 'organization were arrested at lo cal I. W. W. headquarters here this afternoon by a company of Idaho na tional guardsmen and placed in the county jail as military prisoners. Row an had ordered the general strike of I. W7. Wr. labor in the northwest to be gin tomorrow. Strike orders advising farm work- erse "to let the fruit lie on the ground" and calling on construction workers to lay down their tools have been signed by Rowan. "Lumber workers in the four states are already on strike," Rowan said while he was awaiting his turn to be searched and booked. "I think the strike will spread further now, and probably will affect inductries in which no strike has been called. Even though all the officers or employes of the organization are put in jail and all the halls closed arrangements have been made to handle the movement." Only a vote of the members of the organization can halt the strike, Row an said, as there is no one with author ity to take such action unless I. W. W. members alleged by leaders of the or ganizations to be illegally held in jail are released by that time. . Rowan and William Mdran, secre tary of the local I. W: W. organiza tions, were arrested at the. local I. W. W. hall by Ma j. Clement jWilkins, in command of a battalion of: guardsmen on patrol auty nere. vvnue major Wilkins, accompanied by Rowan, went to executive headquarters three blocks distant to unlock the door, 40 members of the company, under the command of Capt. F. A. Jeter, rounded up 22 other men who were in j the hall and took them with Rcwan to the jail. "You men are military prisoners and are not detained under civil law," Major Wilkins told the men in the jail ADVERTISING Advertising pays. The better a business is advertised, the better it succeeds. One who hasn't confidence enough in his business to invite cus tomers. does his business an injustice. A business not worth advertising can't cive bargains and pay., house rent, taxes, etc. Why not advertise your goods, or work, or skill, and let the in crease of business meet all your ex pense and more? Try an ad in the Times and see. THE DUTY OF A JUST GOVERNMENT Family Allowance, Indemnity, and Insurance for Sailors and Soldiers By W. G. McAdoo, Sec'y. of the Treas. The number, of claims for exemp tion from military duty under the draft law has caused a painful impres sion in many quarters, but after all, does not the fact that no provision has yet been made by the Government for the support of the wives and chil dren, mothers or fathers, of the men who have been drafted explain many of these claims for exemption ? Under the draft law the Govern ment has Jthe power to require every able-bodied man between 21 and 31 years of age to perform military duty. Thousands of the drafted men are wage-earners who married j7ears ago and are the sole support of dependent families. So long as the Government has made no provision for the care of these dependents, it is natural that such drafted men should seek to pro tect their loved ones by staying at home. I am sure that if the Congress should promptly enact the pending war insurance bill, which makes defi nite allowances for the support of the dependent wives and children, fathers or mothers, of our soldiers and sail ors, claims for exemption on that score will cease. This is an imperative duty of the Government. We cannot deprive helpless women and children of the support of the wage-earner by forcing him into the military service of the country unless the Government substitutes itself as their support. Imagine the emotions of the man who is called into the military service of his country, with full knowledge that his loved ones are left without means of support and may be reduced to want unless the charityxof the com munity in which they live comes to their relief. It would be nothing less than a crime for a rich and just Gov ernment to treat its fighting men so heartlessly and to subject their de pendent wives and children, who are unable to fight, to greater suffering than if they could fight. The morale of an army is as essen tial to its fighting power as guns, ammunition and other instrumentali ties of war. Of equal importance is the moracle of the civil population which must support the armies in the field. We cannot have this essential molare unless the Nation comforts the men in the ranks with the knowledge that everything possible will be done for them and their families, and ren ders to the civil population at home the assistance which will make it most effective in upholding the Government and the fighting forces. The purpose of the war insurance bill now pending in Congress is to se cure the future of America's soldiers and sailors by insuring their lives and providing adequate and indemnities for loss of life and total or partial permanent disability; also to protect their families against poverty and want by providing them with sufficient means of support during the absence of the men at the front. The nation, having been fc-rced to resort to the draft in order to create quickly an army to save the country, is under a higher obligation .to do these things for its fighting forces than if a volunteer army only was cre ated. This great and rich Republic cannot afford to do less, and it must do what is proposed in a spirit of grat itude and not as charity. Every sol dier and sailor who serves his country in this war will earn everything the proposed war insurance bill provides; to be a beneficiary of the proposed Jaw will be a badge of honor. ..- When we draft the wage-earner, we call not' only him but the entire fam ily to the flag; the sacrifice entailed is not divisible. The wife and chil dren, the mother, the father, are" all involved in the sacrifice they direct ly share the burden of defense. They suffer just a3 much as. the soldier, but in a different way, and the Nation must generously discharge as "a proud privilege the duty of maintaining them until the soldiers and sailors re turn from the war and resume the re sponsibility. . - We have drawn the sword to vindi cate America's violated rights, to re store peace and justice, and to secure the progress of civilization. We can not permit our soldiers, while they hold the front, to be -stabbed in the back by uncertainty as to what is be ing done for their loved ones at home. Our tomorrows are in their hands theirs in ours. The national con science will not permit America's sol diers and their dependents to go un provided with everything that a just, generous and noble people can do to compensate them "for the sufferings and sacrifices they jnake to serve their country. Aside from the care and protection of their dependents while the soldier is alive, the proposed 'war insurance act provides for definite compensation for -his dependents in case -of death, for. definite and adequate indemnities in case of total or partial disability, and for re-duction of jthe maimed and .disabled man, so that he may take up (Continued on fourth page) REUNION AT NEWTON They had a big time ' at the Old Soldiers' reunion at Newton last Thursday. Several of our people at tended it. They report a big, -orderly crowd, and at least 10,000, and the most automobiles they ever saw at least 600 of them. Those attending, or three of them, were E. E. Bolick, J. S. May and Char lie Scott, and doubtless others," but' we did not know them. They were pleas ed with their trip, the "people "and the town and the looks of the country generally found it alive and on the move. ORDER DISTRIBUTION OF CARS Washington, Aug. 20.--To facilitate the prompt movement of grain and food products as well as lumber and munitions the Car Service Commission of the Railroads' War Board has or dered the immediate distribution of 20,790 additional empty cars among the lines operating in the South, the middle West and the Southweest. This wiii make a total of 106,033 empty ears that have been ordered moved from one railroad to another regard less of ownership during the past two months in order to mobilize in differ ent sections of the country sufficient number of cars to handle the abnor mal government and commercial traf fic that war conditions have produced. Of the latest cars ordered by the War Board to be distributed where they will be most needed, 7,800 are to be placed in the . grain porducing country, 1,000 of these go to the Southern Pacific and 500-to the West ern Pacific to insure the' speedy move ment of a huge shipment of barley. Other roads receiving cars to accel erate the movement of grain and farm products are the Missouri Kansas and Texas, the Missouri & North Arkan sas, the Kansas City Mexico & Orient, the Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe, the Missouri Pacific, the Wabash, the Nashville Chattanooga & St. Louis, the Chics,7o, Rock Island & Pacific, the Illinois Central and the St. Louis & San Francisco. To protect the vegetable and south ern watermelon crops, more than 5, 000 cars have been sent to the Atlanta Bermingham & Atlantic, the Central of Georgia, the Seaboard Air Line, the Atlantic Coast Line and other roads operating in the Southeast. Meanwhile the hundreds of cars are being rushed daily to the lumber states of the South to take care - of the tremendous movement of lumber to the army cantonments and ship building gards. , In addition to the demand for lum ber the war has practically doubled the orders for phosphate rock during the past three months. This product which is essential to the operation of sulphuric acid plants and the manu facture of munitions, is also used as a foundation for fertilizer. In the past, the coastwise vessels carried a large volume "of it but with the re duction in the number of vessels used for frieght purposes along the coast, practically all of this traffic has been diverted to " the Atlantic Coast rail roads and as a result it has been ne cessary to send thousands of cars in that district. " To protect the movement of sul phur for the munition factories hun dreds of these cars have been ordered to the Kansas City Southern, the Southern Pacific and the Gulf Coast Line. More than a thousand stock cars have also been sent into Texas to en able the cattle raisers there to get their herds into the western pasture country. . . The roads to which the latest order of 20,790 cars has been consigned to gether with the number of cars coa signed to each are as follows: Cen tral of Georgia, 1,300; Chicago Peoria & St. Louis, 200; Mississippi Central, 135; Southern 3,025; Atlantic Coast Line, 1,700; Ililnois Central, 600; Geor gia & Potomac, 100; Georgia, Florida & Alamaba, 30; Missouri Pacific, 600; Richmond Fredericksburg & Potomac, 100; Georgia & Florida, 300; Tennes: see Central, 100; Georgia, 200; Sea board Air Line, 1,000; Louisville & .Nashville, 1,700; Mobile & Ohio, 100; Louisiana Railway & Navigation Co., 500; Wabash, 1,000; Missouri Kansas & Texas, 1,000; St. Louis Southwest ern, 500; California Clinchfield & Ohio 300; Chicago & Alton, 500; Louisiana & Arkansas, 200; Missouri & North Arkansas, 300; Kansas City. Mexico & Orient, 500; Chicago & Northwestern, 500; Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe, 500; Nashville Chattanooga & St. Louis, 500; Chicago Rock Island & Pacific, 500; Southern Pacific, 1,000; Western Pacific, 500; St. Louis & San Francisco, 500. - 14,700 of these cars, or little more than two thirds of the entire order, are to be supplied by the Pennsylvan ia System. The other roads which have been ordered to supply , "empties' include the Western Maryland; Phila delphia, and Reading; Cleveland Cin- cinati Chicago and St. Louis; Boston and Albany; Boston and Maine; Cen tral Railroad of - New Jersey ; New York Chicaga and St. Louis; Chesa peake and Ohio, and the Norfolk and Western. NORTH CAROLINA NEEDS MAR KET , : Raleigh, Aug. 18. That the agricul tural development and the prosperity of North Carolina are being held back by the lack of an adequate and fair system of markets for corn, wheat, oats, hay, beans and other staple food and feed stuff is a striking declaration in a statement issued by the State Food Conservation Commission to the supply merchants, bankers and other business men of the State. The. Food Commission for several weeks has recognized the great econ omic importance of adequate markets, hot only as a means of , meeting the present emergency but as a necessity under normal conditions. "We can not expect our farmers to diversify their agriculture and raise a surplus of corn, wheat, oats, hay and other crops unless they can sell these products at f air . and e.quitable prices," says the statement. "In spite of this very evident fact, however, it is a notorious fact that in the majority of cities and towns in this State the merchants have been prone to take advantage of the absence of such markets and purchase the Email amount of products offered on a long margin instead of offering fair prices and finding a market them selves for the vastly increased amount of products that would result from such a course. This is a shortsighted policy, and the prosperity not only of our rural sections but of our cities and towns as well is being throttled by its operation. "The big essentials are: - "First, a disposition . to give the farmer a square deal, to give him preference over the farmers of the Central WTest, and, "Second, warehouse space and equip ment for shelling corn, grading and cleaning corn, . wheat, " oats, beans, peas and other products and for bal ing hay. "Merchants have excused them selves for their failure to develop a market in the past by the statement that the farmer did not have, his corn, for instance, properly graded, or even shelled, perhaps. The fanner who has a surplus of only 25 to 200 or 300 bushels of corn cannot afford to pur chase shellers and graders for so small an amount, yet the possibilities of production lie with the farmers of this class. The merchant must pro vide the shellers and graders. "The fact that the farmers will ap preciate and utilize a fair and ade quate market has been-demonstrated, even in the South, too often to be ques tioned. Gainesville, Fla., for a fair ex ample. Here a market was . estab lished by a North Carolinian, by the way, and was able to purchase from the farmers of the community three carloads of corn and two carloads of hogs, among other things, the first year. The second year the farmers of the community produced and sold 20 carloads of corn and 19 carloads of hogs. That was last year. This year an increase of more than 100 per cent above these figures is looked for. What was done at Gainesville Florida, can be duplicated at almost any coun ty seat in North Carolina while large markets should be a normal devel opment in Wilmington, Charlotte, Ral eigh, Asheville, Greensboro, Winston Salem and possibly a few other of the larger business centers of the State." Director B. W. Kilgore of the Agri cultural Extension Service has ad dressed a letter to 3,000 bankers and merchants of the State, calling atten tion to, and embracing, the statement of the Food Commission. Confidence is' expressed that these men will rise to the situation and see to it that bet ter markets are provided than have heret6fore been available. RUSSIAN FIRE STOPS THE ' ATTACKS OF THE GERMANS Petrograd, Aug. 19. German troops yesterday attacked the Russian posi tions near the village of Stakhovcy, on the Vilna front, but, according to the Petrograd war office, the attack broke down under the Russian fire. On the Rumanian front Austro-Ger-mans several times assaulted the Rus-so-Rumanian lines south of Grozechti, in southwestern Moldavia, but were re pelled, v The battle in the Slanic re gion .lasted all day and -ended in the evening . with the Teutons being re pulsed. MAN AND . BRIDE STRUCK AND KILLED BY TRAIN Mr. and Mrs. Horace Smith Meet Death At Loray Crossing in 7 .., West Gastonia. Gastonia, Aug. 19. Horace Smith and his bride of a ' week were struck and killed, by an eastbound Southern train at the Loray grade crossing in West Gastonia about 11 o'clock last night. ' Smith was killed instantly, his body being badly mangled. His wife was taken to a local hospital where she died a few hours later. The couple; lived at Rutherfordton where they were married a week ago. They were visiting relatives- here. . The bodies were shipped to Rutherfordton today. : ' ; A man without reason is a beast in season. ' . THE GOVERNMENT , PREPARING TO BUY ( ALL WHEAT CROP Kft Oftft Onn Pnnoorn Whii.li TaV Handle the Entire Crop if Food I Administrator Hoover Finds That This .Course is Necessary to Stabilize the Prices'. ;. J : ' - t Washington, Aug. -15. Government purchase of enough of the 1917 wheat j crop to stabilize prices in the United States was forecast in the formation today of a $50,000,000 corporation by; the food administration. f ' The intention is to . take over the ( entire harvest if necessary to maintain fair prices. The corporation will make all allied purchases . of wheat and ? flour and thus will stabilize prices to.' the alies. Through the arrangement,' too, it hopes to secure itself against; any possible loss. ' . i The food administration will open agencies at all the principal ' wheat terminals carrying on its transac tions with the usual dealers. No com.4 mission charge will be made except to cover costs of operation. The price to be paid for wheat will be fix ed by a committee under the- grain division headed by President Garfield " of Williams College. This price, the fcod administration expects to se.e maintained in private as well as gov ernment transactions. r f The corporation will be put under the grain division of the food admin istration and its executive officers will be the same as the officers of this di- : vision, whose names were announced today as follows: Herbert Hoover, chairman; Julius .' Barnes, Duluth, Minn., president; Gates W. McGarrah, New York; treas urer; F. G. Crowell, Kansas City, vice president; Eward Chambers, Chica go, transportation director; Curtis H. -. Lindley, San Francisco, counsel; J. W. Shorthill of York, Neb., secretary.' ". The personnel of the wheat price fixing commission was announced as follows: Henry A. Garfield, president of Wil- - -liams College, chairman; Charles J. Barrett of Union City, Ga., president -of the Farmers' Union; William N. Doak, Roanoke., Va., vice president of the Brotherhood of Railroad Train men; Eugene E. Funk, Bloomington, ; Ills., president of the National Corn , Association; Edward F. Ladd, Fargo, N. D., president of the North Dakota ' Agricultural College; R. Goodwyn Rhett, Charleston, S. C., president of the chamber of commerce of tne Unit ed States; J. W. Shorthill, York, Neb., secretary of the National Council of Farmers' Co-operative Association; James W. Sullivan, Brooklyn, N. Y;, of the American Federation of Labor; L. J. Tabor of Barnesville, O., master -of the Ohio State Grange.. - Flour mill will be assured wheat at the price to be paid by the govern ment and the food administration is ready to purchase for the mills all the grain they use. The jnillers todays named a committee to co-operate with the food administration in a voluntary! regulation of their industry. This committee is as follows : . James F. Bell, of Minneapolis, chair- i man; A. P. Husband of Chicago, sec- " retary; Albert C. Loring, Minneapolis, representing the northwest; Andrew JHunt of Kansas City, Kas., repre senting the southwest; E. M. Kelly of Nashville, Tenn., representing the -southeast; Mark N. Mennel of Toledo, representing the Ohio valley; Theo dore B. Wilcox, Portland, Ore., repre senting the Pacific coast; Samuel Plant of St. Louis, representing St. Louis and the state of Illinois; Ber- nard A. Eckhart, Chicago, represent- : ing the cities of Chicago and Milwau kee. . . Representatives of the wheat buy- ing industry came to Washington to- daj' for a conference with the food ad ministration on the government's plan to license the operation of all eleva tors. Detailed regulations drawn by. the food administration and approved by President Wilson governing the licensing will be announced shortly. Twelve men were named by the food administration to represent the grain division at the various terminals. They are: Edward M. Flesh, at St. Louis; M. H. Houser, Portland, Ore.; C. B. Fox, New Orleans; H. B. Irwin, Phil adelphia; P. H. Ginder; Duluth; Frank L. Carry, Minneapolis; George S. Jack son, Baltimore; -Howard B. Jackson, Chicago ; Charles ' Kennedy, Buffalo ; R. A. Lewin, San Francisco; D. F. Piazzek, Kansas City; Charles T. Neal, Omaha. . : - The grain corporation will have a capital of $50,000,000 and will be or ganized along the lines of the shipping1 board emergency fleet corporation. It will be managed by the grain division f-the food administration which will have the same officers as the corpora tion. All the'stock will be held and owned by the United States govern ment. Zita, the new empress of Austria, is the first empress of the Austro-Hun-garian kingdom since the hand of an insane struck down thei idolized Em press Elizabeth on Lake Geneva in. 1898. : -' (Get y our job printing done hereV . Ma' f vl 1.4 JL5,

Page Text

This is the computer-generated OCR text representation of this newspaper page. It may be empty, if no text could be automatically recognized. This data is also available in Plain Text and XML formats.

Return to page view