Q ID) pt'BMSHED EVERY THURSDAY AT MORGANTON, "THE BEST TOWN IN NORTH CAROLINA" SUBSCRIPTION ONLY $1.00 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE MORGANTON, N. C, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1917 No.-15 Cf - pr y XM 1 A M Ik Ik vbi.. i r ST PRIZE WINNING Closes tonight at 8 Jo ( ."h Prizes Will Be Award- d $2.00 For the Most Sub ('riition Votes, and $1.00 For ju!si Merchants Coupon I otes. lit :;t S:t'0 o'clock sharp, the , i:.: in the Burko County Times !k- made. The contestant n i in' largest number of sub s otes up to that time will turpi .,.!.-.! .l'.OO in cash, the con- t ''stint tuniinir the largest number of i iu,:it i-i'Ujvm votes 111 up iu inui ". ii t .TJf :iuist he in the office or in i the manager not fctfr th:t! -t'ik p. m. :! "''I '' contestants 10 meei n-. !. !: i;ht it they choose and see k ami see that it is made ..vial favors to anyone. If jiXil. n. rs are present they will be rreL-iu - lhe Priz-'s if not' wo v,:'i :i ' t;i--m till they call for them. jjj .';,!; .: subscriptions to any p.-,, a-;-.!! the iirst thing to do is FTujv the puhUeation thoroughly end (hi! the strongest talking points. The 'TiiBis i u produce that feature in iny :.- u it semis out. First, it is fret ii''-n I'bjectional matter that K0 nu-.ke a wrong impression even iipoi: the nil st delicate mind. Sec . rdt it a weekly paper printed for df helping its readers to ;taB.i on tiit- right side of all moral ,"!! ions. Third, its mission is to torilt!-..! tor the rights of our country ar.:'- :t:.e!,h!) and help to educate tcf S't-o! !: to support that which is ri-it '""kini: to things that are more an! higlu-r in this and the life !e I' n.t- Fourth, it, is full of local Any one of these facts can be ' a to uoo l advantage in soliciting ubiiT:nio!-s to the Times. Most peo-;-vi!think that to secure subscriptions f rl : y papt-r it is essential to have a l-nf prepared spiel mixed very thor uj:! with hot air. Not so with the f.ifcv A sample copy of the Times' :.ov piu.-pectie customers is all is i criarv to secure their sub- Hi.- in next week's issue will .-v il-trminp the winner f ti'-autosj'.ot.ile or piano. That ques-V'iji- to answered by the contest !i!tjii!i.i the i ontestant's friends. They van win t'.o automobile or the piano, : dV-y .i. -lif. There is no one that hJ.iti 1-a 1 ih.it cannot be overcome in j Aort time ii" you lt-t your friends siiJu tlut o t are in the race. They uit to mo y.u win ami will do all in thr iM.wer to make you a winner. ' I'li.'"! OlUl 13 UUl 111 1111 that think they have a good I JD.ie Ti- win fne of the handsom Ti. s. u,,o vhoul.l send their nam, ulM-ri)tio!is Are What Count uiJMriptions have just ten times u ;- ht that merchants' tickets if-, an ! should not be neglected. !,! t;ru that puts his or her " T i th- r:u vass of subscriptions t.-il thit their standing will in f v. ry materially. It is wasting . I- ;o n. n.l all your time gathering ghauts ifjupons when your friends J ,i" 'hat just as well as you. The ? t.. .I,, is to get your friends to ut for all merchants' coupons jf p ti.l your time canvassing for -"'ripiions, for the.r greater value. t rnisuti.lorstand us now and get I "l'-a that nothing will count but lriptions, merchant coupons help f nifely. hut the fact that we want rmly tix in your mind is the dif ftt.e in the value of subscription -yt.; ;u,. merchant coupons. , hile y.m are out working for sub 'tiorw tell your friends to trade ' th merchant who are giving vote I.ns and ak them to get the cou- - and save them for you. This f !" a lot to help you win the first The second prize is worth about f same as the first and contestants 1, '"11e 00l work to win eith Jne f.rt ,.r tho f v k iur. he foIUvino is a jist of th lt v. I... . mer t VII w- VfiTft PAlirATA. " them: If. Taylor, uroee I Iavis & Son ,lr, .r,A.-, ries. F a!.ton Mt..r Co;, all kinds au- f L;u is sonSf department J ' ' ' M i ru- t.j., medicines, toilet h1'- aU ? ho.,l hooks. I '-'o-'.s, shoes and cloth- Cil.l.s. f..,.;) aml rocor- riiitiue, i narawa re and Cl ;lmVh'- have been mi- contest: 'r:liua Kae Davi? M C. .1,000 .1,000 j ' Jlmie Gari.son r iIk"ttie halliard Is s Irene li.iwrn 1,000 is e Cowman .1,000 .1,000 -1,000 -1,000 S5 Lanetta Bridgers P- b. Bristol...' " r c- o. Hicks... f- Hussell Beath 1,000 jv- A. C. Swoffordl" 1,000 .1,000 E. A. Beach 1,000 Route 1, Morganton, N. C. Miss Annie Bowman T 1,000 Miss Mary Williams 1,000 Mr. Walter Epley 1,000 Mr. M. A. Buff 1,000 Route 2, Morganton, N. C. Miss Mamie Holler 1,000 Route 3, Morganton, N. C. iMiss Winnie Smith 1,000 Mr. C. C. Hensley.i. : 1,000 Route 4, Morganton, N. C. Mr. K. C. Whitener 1,000 Rev. C. A. Caldwell 1,000 Route 5, Morganton, N. C. Mr. J. A. Lackey 1,000 Mr. J. L. Scott, 1,000 Drexel, N. C. Mr. Frank Berry Mrs. C. A. Rhyne, .1,000 ..1,000 Route 4, Hickory, N. C. Mr. W. O. Johnson.- 1,000 Glen Alpine, N. C. Mr. Noah Pitt 1,000 Henry River, N. C. Mr. Cleat Hallman 1,000 o Rutherford College, N. C. Rev. B. Wilson 1,000 Connelly Springs, N. C. Mr. J. 1). Alexander 1,000 Mr. A. L. Harbinson, R. 3 1,000 Bridgewater, N. C. Mr. Ceo. Epley,." 1,000 SIDE LIGHTS ON NATIONAL AFFAIRS Washington, Nov. 14. (Special cor respondence) Congressman Edward Voigt of Wisconsin is one of those Republicans who voted against the war resolution when it was before the House last April. "But if war shall be declared," he said at that time, "my opposition to the step will cease, and I shall be in honor and duty bound io support the Government in all steps which to my mind shall bring victory to American arms and an early peace." Mr. Voigt has demonstrated in his record of votes since that his .vords were sincere, and he has given !oyal support to every measure that A-ould aid in bringing the conflice to . speedy victory for our armies. Petty Partisanship While the soldiers' and sailors' civil rights bill was under consideration in he House Congressman John F. Mil er of the State of Washington' offer-' . .1 an amendment declaring that when .ho act ceased to be in effect at the lose of the war all civil suits and rosecutions under its provisions hould proceed to final judgement, and for-that purpose the act was to con tinue in effect. Why such an obvi ously necessary provision was not in cluded in the bill as reported by the Democratic committee was not ex plained. Mr. Miller's amendment cov ered the point in a complete and de tailed manner, but nevertheless it was thrown aside in favor of a similar pro vision offered by a Democrat from Ohio, thus following out the invariable eustom of giving the party in power the entire credit for any legislation enacted. Unswerving and Full Hearted Representative John R. Ramsey of New Jersey was much pleased during the last session to receive from the branch of the Slovak Leagus of Amer ica, situated in his district, one of the jnost fervently patrotic resolutions that came before eeither House of Congress. The authors of the resolu tion drew a vivid comparison between their own lot in this free country and the fate of their brethren who are still Taboring under the yoke, of Austria-Hungary. The document declared that the allegiance and patriotism of the Slovaks of America is unswerv ing, undivided, and full hearted." Mr. Ramsey took pardonable prldeln pre senting the resolution to the House, and was able to have it printed in full in the Congressional Record.. To Protect Farmers There is a bill now pending before the Committee on Interstate Com merce of the House, introduced by Representative Frank P. Woods of Iowa, that the farmers of the country are. looking to with interest. It pro vides for the ' appointment by the Secretary of Agriculture of licensed weighers of farm produce, including live stock, upon the arrivaf of the same at stock yards, elevators, or other similar establishment. Books, open to the public, are to be kept by the weighers. The inspection of the scales used by the licensed weighers is pro vided for by the appointment of in spectors for that purpose. The object of Mr. Woods' measure is to prevept fraud and deceit in the weighing and handling of farm products at .the great commercial centers. The bill will come up automatically, without reintroduction, at the next session, and the agricultural interests of the country are hoping that it will receive the approval of Congress. TROOPS LOYAL TO KERENSKY MARCHING ON CAPITAL London Report Says That Red Guards Were Defeated Chief Wireless Sta tion Now Controlled by Loyal Troops. London, Nov. 11. The Bolseviki revolution in Petrograd is reported to be approaching collapse. Regiments loyal to Premier Kerensky are march ing on the capital, and fighting is un der way in the city, according to re ports reaching here today from Petro grad. An organization which has adopted the name of All-Russian com mittee for saving the country and the revolution announced that the defeat of the Bolsheviki movement was a matter only of days or hours. The town of Tsarskoe-Selo, 15 miles south of Petrograd, where former Em peror Nicholas lived much of the time, is said to have been captured by loyal forces, after which the rebels re tired to Petrograd in disorderly mobs. The chief wireless station now is controlled by loyal troops. The Red Guard has been defeated in Moscow. Premier Kerensky is said to be op proaching Petrograd. Kerensky Has 220,000 M,en Paris, Nov. 11. A wireless dispatch from Haparanda in Sweden, near the Finnish border, says that Premier Kerensky has 200,000 men supporting him. The wireless message, which escap ed the censorship of the Bolsheviki by being sent from Haparanda, says Prmier Kerensky left Petrograd Tues day for gneral headquarters, being concealed in the bottom of an ambu lance. It is understood he was ac companied by General Alexieff, for mer commander-in-chief, and bv For eign Minister Terestchenko. The ambulance was stopped three Limes by maximalist patrols as it was leaving the city. "Premier Kerensky now has 200,000 men devoted to him," the dispatch con tinues. "It is believed he is going to Moscow to re-establish his govern ment there and march on Petrograd. This possibly may be unnecessary as the latest news from Petrograd says battle is going on in the streets and that the Cossacks have joined the min imalists and are mastering the -maxi malists." FOR THE TRUTH'S SAKE We often hear speakers appeal to their hearers to stand by the faith of their fathers. This is done, we pre- ume, on the supposition that the faith of their fathers was a correct faith. And wherein this is true, we should stand by the principles and truths which our fathers taught. But a higher appeal than this, is to stand by the truth for the truth's sake. If our fathers stood by the truth, and we tand by the truth, then we shall tand together. If, on. the other hand, we stand for the truth, and it develops in our study that our fathers stood by error, then for the truth's sake we must forsake the faith of our .fathers and stand alone. In these days of changing emphasis; when so many are departing from the simplicity of the gospel in both teach ing and practice, it is well to recall the days of our fathers, their simplic ity of faith, their purity of life, their earnestness of endeavor. We must admit that they stood nearer to the great Fountainhead of truth than do the great majoriey of their "sons at the present time. When we come to compare the teaching of, the present lay with apostolic teaching and ex-. ample, when we compare the worldli- hess and indifference existing in some of the great churched with the sim plicity and earnestness of life mani fested by such', men as John and Charles Wesley and George White- field, we see that there has been a wide divergence from the faith of the fathers. And we indeed do Veil to return to' it, not primarily for the fathers' sake, but for the truth's sake. The danger today is not dn deifying the fathers; it is in discounting their parting admonitions and in departing from the standards which'' governed their lives. Feed Animals and Export Meat Over, in England the government authorities are advising reduction in the number of food animals, so that the foods now imported and fed to cattle may be available for food im portations. To import food for live stock and consume meat producedat home requires far tnore transporter tion space than to, import the meat produced in other countries. -The rule ought to work the other way around in this country. Becaiise of the lack of ship space we should find-it most profitable to feed our grains to ani mals and export the nat to the .Al lies. But many farmers are having a hard tussel with the, problem of get ting more out of the' meat than they expend for feed. "If the 'predicted cheaper feed shall be realized, ' the problem will be easier of solution: Sam Gompers doubtless fejt that he was cretting more than was due him when the President-said all those nice things about him in Buffalo Monday, SWEEP THROUGH PETROGRAD LIKE ROBBER BANDS Bolsheviki Soldiers and Sailors Com mit Many. Excesses Situation Is Terrible Nearly Entire Population Awaits Arrival of Kerensky's Sol diers to Put End to Terrorism. Copenhagen, Nov. 13. A dispatch to the Berlingske Tidende says that Eric Hjorth, a Swedish director, who left Petrograd Saturday and arrived at Haparanda, declared that the situ ation in the Russian capital is terrible. Virtually all administration had ceas ed, the authorities having given up all attempts to continue work. Bol sheviki soldiers and sailors were sweeping through the city , like robber bands, committing all sorts of ex cesses and crime. Food was exceed ingly scarce and prices were so high that is was impossible to pay them. Nearly the entire population is await ing the arrival of Kerensky's troops to be rlieved of the terrorism. Kerensky's Troops in Partial Control Copenhagen, Nov. 13. Premier Ker ensky's troops are -in control of part of Petrograd, especially the Nevsky Prospekt, according to a telegram re ceived by the Stockholm News agency and forwarded to Copenhagen. The Bolsheviki are said to have taken re fuge in the Smolny institute. Kerensky's Forces Reported Defeated London, Nov. 13. The complete de feat of Premier Kerensky and Gener al Korniloff is announced in a Russian communication received here by wire less'. - "After bitter , fighting nar Tsarkoe- Selo the revolutionary army complete ly defeated the . counter-revolutionary fores -of Kerensky and Korniloff yes terday," says the announcement. "The soldiers' and workmen's deputies have ordered that all measures be taken for the capture of Kerensky who is re tiring before our offensive." U. S. STEAMER SUNK BY U-BOAT Five Members of Crew Killed By Ex plosion of Torpedo Sinking Occur red in Bay of Biscay Twenty-Five Survivors Reach Port. An Atlantic Port, Nov. 13. News of the destruction by a German sub marine of the American steamer D. N. Luckenbaeh on October 27 was brought here today by 24 survivors of the crew. Five of the crew were kill ed. The vessel was sunk in the Bay of Biscay, a hundred miles off the French coast by an unseen torpedo whose ex plosion killed the five men, the sur vivors said. They were picked up by a Danish ship two days after the sink ing. The ship, owned by the Lucken baeh Steamship company, was of 2, 929 tons gross and was built in 1883 at Newcastle, England She left New York October 13. Two other Luckenbaeh steamers haye previously figured in submarine encounters. The Lewis Luckenbaeh was torpedoed and sunk early in Oc tober with the loss of a naval gunner and nine, of her crew. The J. L. Luck enbaeh scaped destruction with the aid of an American destroyer after engaging a submarine in a four-hour fight in which seven of her crew and two naval gunners were wounded on October 19. The five men killed on the D. N. Luckenbaeh were members of the en jdnroom force. The survivors escap ed in two small boats. They experi enced rough weather and wind and snow and were in an exhausted , con dition when picked up by the Danish ship which brought them to this port. SALEM NEWS ITEMS (Came too late for last week.) Mr. W. M. Powell has the largest crop of soy beans in this community.' Mrs. Powell says they are going to have plenty of beans at-home, and I believe it; for. they have them, every where, even on' the piazza. Mr, S. W: Whitener and family at tended church at Mt. Home Sunday. Mrs. Margaret Morgan spent Sun day at the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. O. Williams. Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Roper and daughter, Miss Ruth, visited at the home of Mr. C. E. Tate Sunday. Mr. and Mrs. N. A. Franklin, of Asheville, spent the week end with his parents. Mrs. W. M. Powell and Miss Mattie Hart visited Mrs. D. A. Boyles and sister Sunday. Mr. and Mrs Marshall Brittain left for Albemarle last Thursday and will probably make -their home there. Master John Obie and Miss Eloyse Buff spent the week end with their grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. J. O. Wil liams.. Messrs'. A. L. Dale, Will Morgan and John Shuping left Sunday for Hamp ton, Var ' : ' Afr.. -'Frank Clontz had his corn shucked Tuesday evening. He had a fine lot of corn, and everybody enjoyed a nice- time. Reporter. Meatless days are quite a fad, and wheatless days are also coming into j vogue. : That . is tne way to conserve food. THE EXEMPTION 'BOARD MEMBERS TO GET PAY AT RATE OF $1 HOUR Pay Must Not Exceed $8 Per Day, However Washington, Nov. 12. The govern ment has decided to pay members of exemption boards- under the - second army draft. The pay will be at the rate -of $1 per hour, not to exceed $8 per day. . !' Rumors to the effect that draft board members will receive the grade and pay . of first lieutenants in the army is eroneous; They will not only receive commissions but their pay will not equal that of a first lieutenant, which is $2,000 per annum. If the exemption boards were to continue in operations throughout the entire year the pay of the members shall be approximately $2,000 a year, As it is it will amount to only about $1,000 a yar. . ; Announcement of the pay scale for members of the boards will not be made until the provost marshal gen eral issues orders for the calling of the second draft, which will be in January or February, since the sec ond draft will probably be called in March. In fact; the government is not ready to admit as yet that eremp tion boards hereafter carry pay, but is has already decided upon the policy and the official announcement will be forthcoming in due time. NEWS FROM RUSSIA IS PLEASING TO OFFICIALS Washington Hopeful 1 Kerensky Gov ernment Will Emerge Stronger Than Ever Washington, Nov. 12. High hopes that Russia's provisional government may suppress The radicals at Petro grad quickly and emerge; stronger than' before, were raised at both the state department and the Russian em bassy by today's press dispatches re porting Premier Kerensky safe and returning to the capital at the head of a strong loyal force. No. official reports came during the day, but the news from London and Pa rig of wireless messages from loyal sources confirmed the confident belief here that the Bolsheviki were not per mitting all of . the story to come through the controlled cables out of Petrograd. T' It became known today, that word came through official channels several days ago that the upheaval at Petro grad had greatly stimulated a reli gious movement in Russia, designed by its leaders to save "holy Russia" from foes from without or within. This movement is said to haye resulted al ready in the pledging of 500,000 sol diers to support the Kerensky . govern ment, and the reports concerning it are believed to be largely responsible for the optimistic feeling apparent in administration circles. Whole regiments and . their com manders have; enlisted in the. new holy Russia movement, . the reports say, and the movement is growing rapidly. WILL OBSERVE TUBERCULOSIS WEEK December 2-9 Set Apart for Serious Consideration of a Serious Problem The first week in December is Tu berculosis Week. These eight days, from the 2nd to the 9th, have been set apart for giving serious consideration to a serious problem. "How to Han dle the Tuberculosis Problem in Con nection with ' the War" will be the principal topic to be discussed and acted upon during the days of observ ance. Instead of observing every day. of Tuberculosis Week, it has been decid ed by the National Tuberculosis Asso ciation to concentrate all energies on three days. These will be Medical Education Day, Thursday, December 6; Modern Health Crusade Day, Fri day, December 7; and Tuberculosis Sunday which will be observed in North Carolina, December 9. .The. Bureau of Tuberculosis at the State Sanatorium is sending litrature and letters to 3,200 preachers in State urging ipon them the importance of stressing from the pulpit this ques tion that so vitally affects every phase of the nation's well-being. The press is being asked to publish on Tubercu losis Sunday Rauschenbush's Tuber culosis Prayer which soulfully express es the will of the worker in regard to "this slow death that creeps from man to man." On Medical Examination Day spe cial efforts will be made to induce men and womn to have an annual physical examination as the best means of staying off tuberculosis as well as many other diseases. Oh Modern Health Crusade Day ah opportunity will be given the school children to know more about tubrculosis, especial ly the ways of preventing and curing it. ' Plays, talks and motion pictures on health subjects have been suggest ed for. their instruction.. The Italian army, will apparently elude final desperation as long as . the supply of rivers to hold back on holds out. CHINESE PROTEST THE JAPANESE ARGEEMENT Marquis Okuma and Viscount Kato Approve . the Agreement Praise For Mr. Lansing Tokio, Nov. 11. The Chinese min ister, Chang Tsung Hsiang, on Fri day presented to the Japanese foreign minister, Viscount Motono, a note pro testing against the understanding ar rived at between Japan and the United States in regard to China. The Japanese-American agreement has been received here with satisfac tion,- btit without enthusiasm. The an nouncemeht caused a decline in the market,- possibly because no mention was made of economic affairs in the notes exchanged. The press as a whole - expresses approval on the ground ' that friction between Japan and the United States will be ended A good deal of space' is devoted to discussion of the principal application of the prospects limiting Japan's ac tion in China. The -Nichi Nichi Shim bun alone objects to the arrange ment, saying it is one-sided because it does not deal with Mexico and South America. Marquis Okuma, former premier, and Viscount Kato, former foreign minister, are quoted as saying that America has assented merely to what has long been recognized by other powers.; The Japanese Times savs the name of Secretary Lansing will mark an epoch and will command the highest respect in Japan on account of his ef forts in bringing about the agreement. RED CROSS NOTES In accordance with the policy, of the Red Cr6ss of keeping the public thor oughly informed on all of its activi ties, the Red Cross War Council makes public thfe following financial- state ment' showing the collections and dis bursements of the War Fund up to November 1st, 1917. The collections on November 1st totaled $79,895,355.68. Of these col lections; $9,129,389.21 is reserved for return to Red Cross Chapters to be 3pent for War Relief work. The esti mated balance available for appropri ation amounts to $70,765,966.47. The total appropriations from the War? Fund up to November 1st, amounted to $40,851,259.20, of which $26,934,416.86 was for foreign relief. The foreign relief appropriations were appropriated as follows: France, $19,581,240.47; Belgium, $720,001.00; Russia, 1,428,040.87; Ser bia, 493,203.76; Roumania, 1,518,398 .76; ; Italy $214,000.00; Great Britain, $1,066,520.00; Foreign Miscellaneous, $13,012.00; Armenian and Syrian Re lief, $1,800,000.00. There was appropriated for United States supplies, etc., to United States forces, $3,448,729.00; for United States hospital work, $379,500.00; for United States sanitary service about canton ments, $183,500.00; for United States miscellaneous items, $108,487.60, a to tal of $4,120,216.60. Other appropri ations advanced for hospital funds amounted to $220,000.00. The appropriation for the purchase of articles for resale, to Chapters, prin cipally materials to be worked into garments for soldiers and hospital supplies, amounted to $7,659,000,000. This- sum will eventually be returned to the War Fund. An appropriation of $500,000.00 for automobiles is a bookeeping entry to acknowledge a gift of that amount in the form of cars and automobile parts from tn Ford Motor Company. In addition to the War Fund appropriations, specified above, the sum off 1,417,625.74 was vappropriat ed from, the Restricted Funds that is, from nKneys which contributors have. giyenHo. the Red Cross for spe cially, stated purposes and which can be expended only for those purposes designated by the donors. "200 tons of supplies are arriving in Paris . daily, and 125 tons are being re-shippe'd to various branch ware houses. ; "Our- total - warehouse capacity is 100,000 tons, and the warehouse per sonnel at present numbers 125 men, many of whom are volunteers-AAmer-ican : men of education and business training not eligible for military ser vice. "Our transportation department, with personnel of about 400, handles our supplies and furnishes automo biles for Use in our work. It has an organized force at every port in France, and is able to handle about 50 tons of supplies daily. Arid America Helped Sir Eric Geddes, the American- trained business man who is now the "riiler of the King's naves," if we may thus recur to the ancient days of "Pinafore,' tells the "House of Com mons that German U-boats are being captured or destroyed much more fre quently t than they were; and that in the. last three months the Germans have lost as many submarines as they did in the entire year 1916. He is not reported to have said that the co-oper ation of the American fleet contribut- edlargely' to this . gratifying result; but it ik within reason for us fo think that is' the fact, just the-samie. ITALY STANDING FACE TO FACE WITH CRISIS If Teutons Cross Piave. There Is, No Longer a Barrier Between Them and Venice , (Special Cabel from the London Times to The Greensboro News.) Italian Headquarters, Saturday. . The Italian forces have fallen back on the right, western, bank of the Piave, , and the artillery has entered into the action. Before leaving Conegliano, on the northern edge of the plain, five miles eastward of the Piave, Arditi shock troops made a fine defense in the streets between Conegliano and the Piave and counter-attacked firmly, while at the same time cavalry charg ed the advancing enemy on both flanks. Before the enemy recovered the Arditi and cavalry passed undis turbed over Priula bridge, which . is immediately below. The conduct of r the rear guard troops, which-, have fought without admission from Udine ' to the Piave, has won' the admiration ' of the whole army. ' Friday the Austro-Germans were closing round Conegliano. Troops left there must inevitably fall back, must retire across the river Piaye by the jireat new bridge. Italy must then stand face to face with her crisis. If the Austro-Germans succeed in crossing the Piave there no longer is a barrier between them "and Venice. This, strategically, would mean that Austria had practically gained naval predominance in the upper Adriatic. This possibility is being faced with fortitude. A good omen, is that the skies repented their favoritism and rain-has been falling which will swell the river. It is a pity this did not occur sooner, but the Piave, like the ' Tagliamento, rises quickly. ITALIANS ARE HOLDING ENEMY ON PAIVE LINE They Are Entrenched Back of. West Bank of Piave; Reports Favorable Italian Headquarters in Northern Italy, Nov. 12. (By the Associated Press.) The Italians are holding the Austro-German advance on the Palve . line. Early reports from the front today were favorable. , Heavy shelling Ts in progress all along the new front. The Italians are entrenched back of the west bank of the Paive river and the Austro-German force now is tak ing the place of the advanced guard on the east bank. The strip of water between the opposing lines is about half a mile, widening at some points to a mile. An observer just back from a tour along the line told the correspondent that the cannonade had become con tinuous. The Austrians are using five-inch guns, not yet having brought up many of their heaviest pieces. The enemy is turning his fire against the high campanile bell towers of small villages fringing the western bank to prevent the Italian artillery from us-. ing them as observation posts. The Italian artillery reply is spirited from a considerable number of guns that they succeeded in bringing back from the old front. The battlefront has, two main sec tors. The lower extends from Feltre to the sea and the upper from Feltre westward. The Vidor bridge, where the last Italian rear guards . crossed the Piave, is half way down the lower " sector. Near Feltre the river . turns into the mountains, with a valley and a railway on the west bank. The enemy is on the west bank in this mountain region and may attempt to come' down the valley and along the railway. The Italians have no ad vantage of a river defense at this point, but they have strongly en trenched themselves. The fight at Asiago was clearly a feeling to test the strength of the Italian line. Snow is falling in, the upper regions and a severe cold spell prevails. . THEY STAND BY THE KAISER German newspapers are practically Unanimous in the opinion that the . German people are satisfied with the imperial form of government under which they live and they bitterly re sent any suggestions of outside inter ference with it. They say that Presi dent Wilson's statement that the Unit ed States is making war upon the German government and -not the Ger man nation is not true. . The German government and the German' people are one and the same thing according to their statement and' an attack upon one is an attack upon the other. - We must say that.it appear to us that the German people are standing behind -their government in ; this war, "other wise the war would have long since ' ended. They doubtless have differ . ences of opinion about the- war - but they are practically agreed - in sup porting the government. To attempt to differentiate between--the-people and the government, therefore, seems a "vain thing: We are. fighting- the German nation and' had just as well proceed on.that basis, which is exactly what we are doing. Help your friend in the contest.

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