North Carolina Newspapers

    ffia^he Mount Setos.
Moujn amy, jromra camolijta, Thursday, april is, is in.
W« Already H*r> Mora dm
Carmanr'a Total for Traia
«■ furpooo* Aad by Mid
Fighting Airship* That Cor
Italy Carabmod.
Washington, April 4.—Unci* Ham's
Nituihon with regard to airplanaa in
being made the sofejact nf special in
quiry, by • board appointed by Presi
dent Wilson, u a result of p iaa tc
the effect that our airplane produr-,
tkin prog ram ha* broken down hope-'
laaaly and that wa ran randar tha'
alliaa no a**i*tance in air fighting in
The rapnrt of thi» board will not ba
forthcoming for several waaka, but
this ran ba said:
The mimhar of airplane* turned out
from American far tori** in the year|
ainra we entered the war ia almoat
AO per cant greater than tha total |
number of martine* Germany ha* to-J
day along the whole weatern front
and i* consideiahyl greater than the
total rumbinad number of Franch and j
English along the battle line.
The va*t majority of the*e plane*,)
however, are training plane*. It waa!
necessary to produce them first, and
they have been produced first. To |
have centered production on combat
and bombing plane*, requiring trained i
flier* liefore we produced th • piano*
on which to train our aviator*, would
have been childish.
Today every aviation school ha* it*
full quota of planes and planes art
actually going into storage againit
future requirements.
With regard to combat planes, pro
duction is approximately <10 days be
hind schedule. That doe* not mean so
much that the airplane production
division has broken down as it does,
that, in the exuberance and enthu
siasm inspired by the great project
upon which it embark*, it set for it
self a schedule impressible to attain.
Also, the combat plane* which are
today being turned out are not the
types of combat plan** upon which
the original schedule was based.
Change* have made there more pow
erful plane*, equipped with more pow
erful motor*, built to attain burden*.
These improvement*, every one of
them of immense importance and dic
tated by experience in actual fight
ing, naturally caused some delay*.
■For example, the Liberty motor
with which our ftghting planes are
being equipped is not the identical
motor announced last Forth of July.
That motor was built to produce 330
horsepower. The motor being placed
on our new plane* has rated horse
power 20 per cent greater or 400, and
under actual test develop* a maxi
mum of 460 horsepower.
Exaggerated idea* a* to our real
airplane program also has been re
sponsible for much pessimism. There
has been much printed about "A
fleet of 100,000 airplane* blinding the
Huns darkening the air over Ger
No such program ever was con
The English and French require
from 50 to 59 men in the aviation ser
vice for each airplane. Our organ
isation provides for 47. To man and
maintain 100,000 fighting airplanes,!
then would require an army of 4,700,
000 men in the aviation service alone.j
Absurd, of course.
Our present program call* for some
28,000 planes, of which about 10,000
would be training planes, 12,000 com
bat and liombing plane* and about 6,
000 naval planes.
All immediate requirements for
training planes having been met the
aomber of fighting planes delivered
wlU mount rapidly each month. Be
fore the middle of April, shipments of
combat plrnes will be moving by car
loads, and by the middle of May they
will be moving by train!oads. There
U every rtuon to expert that before
m i<isummer oar •uppllee of plan** in j
Wrmnn will mora than provide a ma
rhtne far aarh trained aviator we ran
have and that by lata « liiamar mir
machine* la franca will almost doable
the present total of Gorman, English
French and Italian marhinaa com
Juat one inatanea to point the in
earrartneea of the etertea alleging a
complete breakdown in our aviation
program. "After spending more than," wrote one eaatam edi
tor, "the aircraft production hoard has
produced leaa than 1 ,M0 arhnol and >
training plane*."
All these figures are incorrect. Of
the airplane appropria
tion made by fongress, only xome
$200,000,IMH) wm apportioned for air
craft production. And instead of hav
ing produced "leaa than 1,500 tchool
and training planea," many more than,
twice that number have been deliver-)
Another Draft Call
For 4A,M3 Selectmen.
Washington, April 14.—Another
draft call, for 4U.843 registrant*, has
been sent to governors of states by
Provost Marshal General Crowder
Mobilization of the men is ordered on
May 1 and 10, the war department an
nounced tonight, and they will be sent
to 11 forts and recruiting barracks,
probably for training with regular
army units there.
This call increases to more than
200,0*10 the number of selectman or
dered to ramp since late in March.
This is a far in excess to the monthly
average that would have l**en mobiliz
ed under the original plan to call 800.
000 men this year over a nine-month;,
Although every state and the Dis
trict of Columbia are called upon to
furnish men under General Crowder's
latest order, nearly half of the 49,843
men will come from seven states.
Illinois will supply by far the largest
number, its quota being 8,047. Pen
nsylvania ta next with 3,771; New
York third, with 3.342; Michigan
fourth, with 2,">93; Missouri fifth with
2,163; Wisconsin sixth, with 2,135.
Nevada has the lowest quota. 49.
Tl»e quotas of other states follow:
North Carolina, 481; South Carolina,
287; Virginia, 754; Tennessee, 442.
Roosevelt has Ballet
That Wounded his Son.
Oyster Bay, April 14.—Col. Theo
dore Roosevelt received today the Ger
man bullet which wounded but failed
to kill his ion, Capt. "Archie" Roose
velt, during a recent engagement in
No man's land in France. With the
bullet came a message from young
Roosevelt telling his father that he
expects soon to be out of the hospi
tal and back in the American trenches.
Both bullet and message were deliv
ered to the former President today
by Dr. 0. H. L. Mason, foreign secre
tary <»f the Y. M. C. A., who fought
under the colonel in the Spanish
American war.
The colonel displayed emotion when
Dr. Mason drew from his pocket a bag
containing the bullet which shatter
ed hii son's left army. Ilia face
brightened, however, and he gave
vent to a "bully!" when Dr. Mason
told him that Archie was wounded i
while dragging three comrades from
a spot under full Are.
If you run your household on three 1
pounds of sugar a month per per
son, when full comeK the grocer won't
have to hang up the sign "No Sugar."
Safe Medicine For Children.
"Is It snfe? Is the flrrt question to
be considered when buying cough
medicine for children. Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy has long been a. favor
ite with mothers of young children as
it contains no opium or other narco
tic, and may be given to a child as
confidently as to an adult. It is pleas
ant to take, too, which is of great
importance when a medicine must be
given to young children. This remedy
(• Most effectual in relieving coughs, i
colds and croup. Obtainable every
Loan Your Money to Uncle Sam
Or Give it to the Kaiser—Which?
The government of the United Stats* neks every
American citizen to aubacrihe for third Liberty loan bonda.
The money ia merelv loaned to the government and will
be lined to free the United State* and the rent of the world
from the graaping greed of the German imperial govern*
ment. Every dollar loaned to the government will be
repaid with interest!
So much for what you can do for Uncle Sam Now.
If you do not lend of your money and thia war ia loat,
thia will happen to you:
"Notice to the people:
"A flne of 850,000 franca (about Sl.10,000) ia im
poaed upon the commune of Luneville (a French village
at that time in the handa of the German conqueror*.)
The mayor ia ordered to pay thia aum in gold or ailver up
to 50,000 franca Sept. 6, 1914. at 9 o'clock in the morning,
to the repreaentative of the German military authority.
All proteata will be null and void. No delay will be
"If the commune doea not punctually obey the order
to pay the aum of 650,000 franca, all property that can
be levied upon will be aeized.
"In c-aae of non-payment, viaita from houae to houae
will be made and all the inhabitanta will be aearched.
If anyone knowingly haa concealed money or haa at
tempted to hold hack hia gooda from the aeizure by the
military authoritiea. or if anyone attempta to leave the
city, he will be ahot.
"Henamenii, sept. 8, 1'J14.
"The General in Chief.
That's how the kaiser collects from a conquered peo
And are you laboring under the delusion that the war
lords of Germany do not hope to conquer and oppress the
people of the United States? If you so believe, read
these words from the pens and mouth* of the kaiser's
band of military slavemasters:
"The most dangerous foe of Germany in this genera
tion will prove to be the United tSates."—Dr. Otto Hotsch
in The Alldeutsche Blatter.
"A* a matter of fact. Germany is the only great pow
er which is in a position to conquer the United States."—
Freiherr voh Edelsheim.
"The American people will be conquered by the vic
. torious German spirit, so that it will represent an enor
mous German empire."—Robert Thiem, in The Alldeu
tsche Blatter.
"It is the duty of everyone to see that the future
feTOen *poken *
"The Germans seem marked by their talents and by
their achievements to be the teachers and the intellectual,
economic and political leaders of the American peoples."
—Professor Johannes Unold.
"Not only North America, but the whole of America
must become the bulwark of Germanic kultur perhaps the
strongest fortress of the Germanic races."—Klaus Wag
"Some months after we finish our work in Europe we
will take New York and probably Washington and hold
them for some time.We propose to take a billion or more
dollars from Ne .v York and other places."—Count von
Goetzen, German mlitary attache and personal friend of
the kaiser.
"America had better look out after this."—Wilhelm
Hohenzollem, despot of the Teutonic peoples.
"We are keeping books on you Americans. It's a
long account and we haven't missed any details. Rest
assured that that account will be presented to you some
day for settlement."—Major Liebster to American Con
sul A. Curtis Roth.
Now. can any American have any further doubt as
to the kaiser's designs, or to the methods of collection
he employs?
Having thus proved beyond the possibility of a doubt
that the kaiser is bent upon the conquest of America if he
can achieve it. and that he collects the last cent to tribute
at the point of the bayonet, is there any single reason
why any American should not offer to loan his dollars to
Uncle Sam?
If we Americans refuse to loan our dollars to our
own government now. you can rest assured that we will
give them to the kaiser, if our boys over there are defeat
ed. And defeated they will be if they are not backed up
by our money and the food, ammunition, ships and ser
vice our dollars will buy.
It's all very simple. You lend today, or you pay to
morrow—pay Wilhelm Hohenzollern, the enslaver of
free nations and free peoples.
Buy your bond, and another if you can. and still anoth
er, if you are able, even though you must save and sacri
fie to do it. You'll do more than "save and sacrifice" if
the kaiser wins. Remember these words:
"If anyone attempts to hold back his goods from sei
zure by the military authorities, he will be shot."
That's how the kaiser collects!
Overseas Movement
Proceeding Rapidly.
Washington, April 8.—Transporta
ion of American troop* to France al
■eady is proceeding at the accelerated
ate contemplated by the speeding up
neasures taken after the battle of Pi
ardy be Kan. Acting Secretary C re
sell made thin statement today, but
rould give no detail*.
For military reason* the extent of
he increased troop* movement ha*
lot been made public.
Following the conference* between
Secretary Baker and allied officiate,
irdetn were given under which a Brtt
*h official statement was issued say
in* that American form were to
be brigade) with British troop* in or
der to hnaten American participation
in the war. Official* explained today
that the prorata to he followed wai
aimiWr to that adopted in placing
American troopa in the front lin««
with the Franc* war training.
It has been estimated that SO day*'
training of thia character, Ameri
can battalion unit* assigned with the
Rriti*h organization!, will At the new
comer* for active duty at the front.
AH diviaiona now moved from thi*
aide are composed of men who have
had aeveral month* of preliminary
training and who need only Anal In
struction to Uk* their full share in
the Aghting.
With the American Army in Franca I
Saturday, April IS.—Aftar another
night nf tarrlflc artillery (Ira and a
bombardment with g»a shells, thai
Germans continued today their ef
fort* la drive through to tha third
, Una of tha American position* naar
Apremont forest, north wait of Toul.
They mailt two attack*, both of which
[ failed. Tha enemy's casualties in tha
f»ur 'lay*' lighting are aatimatad at
tietween 3«M| anil 4<Xl. Of thm
l»r, more than 100 ware killed. Al
i though the enemy waited fully a half
•>f hi* specially trainad »hork troop*
| Kattaliop of MO ir, n he waa unable to
penetrate tha American line* which
remained unchanged. Of the M pritt
oneri taken hy American troop* in
the fighting on Friday northwest of
| Toul, during which two German at
tack* in force were repulsed with
heavy casualties to the enemy. 12
have since died of their wounds. The
American troops also captured two
German machine guns, beside* a quan
tity of «mall arm*, grenade* and other
war material.
Tha prisoner* taken belonged to the
2,'>th and (1.1th I-andwehr units, the
Idth Pioneer* and the Uhlans. The
prisoners said they hail hail no food
for two day* as the American artil
lery had prevented their rations from
being brought up to their position.
The captive (iermans quickly dev.iur
ed the food given them by our man.
Tha enemy froat
arily ahandaned their own front line,
allowed the Germans to enter it and
then force them to engage in hand to
hand lighting in the open, in which the
American troops greatly excelled.
This attack, which was the longest
and largest scale operation conducted
agamit the American troops since the
entry of the United State* into the
war has developed many deeds of in
dividual bravery and heroi*m. A
young lieutenant, whose home ia just
outhide of Boston, with three enlisted
men, attacked 19 Germans who had
penetrated into one of the American
inc nruirnaiu cauvu 1111 nir vivi -
mans to surrender. One of them
raised his pistil as if to shoot, but the
lieutenant shot him through the head,
upon which the others lifted their
hands high in the air, and yelled
"Kamerad." The lieutenant marched
the prisoners into the rear of our line
and then returned to the front and re
sumed the command of his platoon.
Five other Americans penetrated
into a German dugout, where 12 of the
enemy were slightly wounded. They
resisted surrender, but our men threw
grenades into the dugout, killing fcur
of the Germans. The others quick
ly gave themselves up.
A small party of bandsmen volun
teered for stretcher bearing duty in
the first line and worked until they
were nearly exhausted. The chief
surgeon ordered them to return for a
rest, but they hid until the surgeon
disappeared and then resumed their
first aid duties.
A 19 year-old courier who carried a
message more than two miles under
heavy shell fire, fell exhausted after
delivering hia message into the hands
of the commander of the unit. After
a short rest he begged to be allowed to
continue his front line courier service.
Another lieutenant, commanding a
machine gun unit, just missed being
struck by a shell which buried the
gun but he ordered his men to dig out
the piece and soon had it firing again
into the German positions.
Scores of officers and men who had
been assigned to rear line duty plead
ed for an opportunity to go to the
front line. Hie artillerymen also did
td ...
lack wm Ordwrad to Awo|«
Crtubing EWul mi Wad»aa
With tilt American Army in Prance
April IS.—Yesterday'* battle m I ha
first all-day struggle In which tha
American troop* have bean engaged.
Two Carman attack*, which wara da
livorod in forre againat tha Amartcaa
pooitiuna nort'iweat of Toul, ware ra
pulr.ed with haavy raaualtiee to tha
•nemy. including "Irt pmoners laft in
tha hand* uf the Amcicani. Tha
American Iudmk wara alight.
Hie fighting l>rran with one of tha
moat violent bombardment* ever laid
down in that sector. During Thura
<lay rncht the German* kept up a har
r taHing Are, throwing many gas ahalla
into the American poaition. Tha ftrat
attack began about 6 o'clock in tha
morning and waa directed againat tha
French troope 011 the laft (lank of tha
American force* in the foraat of Apr«
While thia waa going on the Amer
ican troop* made a counter-attack
on the German line, moving forward
behind a perfect curtain of Are. Tha
enemy, driven nut of hia trenches,
wan forced to fight in the open.
A deadly machine gun fire and au
tomatic rifle fire v a* poured into the
enemy, who offered stubborn reaiat
ance at first, but later retreatad to
their aecond line, hotly pursued by tha
American troop*. Deaultory fighting
continued for aeveral hour*.
The German* again attacked at 11
drove their men tbwiogh the explod
ing shells until a few succeeded in
penetrating the American front line.
A counter attack which wan imme
diately launched by the Americana
ejected the enemy, driving him back
to his poaition*. The atruggle contin
ued to away back and forth for sev
eral hours.
wan* tne action was at tu neignt
the commander of an American ma
chine run unit reported to hi* chief
that all the machine run emplace
ments had been shot away, but that
"every run is wmrkinr like hail."
The attacks were made by tlx re
organized remnant of 800 shock
troop* who failed to reach the Ameri
can positions in their gigantic raid
on Wednesday. Their ranks were
filled out by picked men from other
units. The German prisoners who be
longed to six different organizations,
said that the attack was ordered to
avenge the crushing defeat adminis
tered to the enemy on Wednesday.
Five of the prisoner* were Uhlans and
all of the men taken were carrying
haversacks well filled, as if prepara
tion for a protracted stay in tha
American trenches, corroborating the
stories told by prisoners taken oa
Wednesday, who said that the Gar
mans had been ordered to penetrate
the American third Itm at all costs.
The American troops althourh tired
from nearly six days of infantry ac
tivity, went into their poaitions sing
ing and expressing their pleasure at
an opportunity to firht in tha opea
in preference to what they term
"Sewer Fighting "
The residents of the villages be
hind the lines saw tha Aaatrieaas
moving forward and shoe tad words
of encouragement to the truck loads
of smiling men, who waved their rape
and cheered heartily. French officer*
have again praised tha remarkable
fightlnr qualities and tha courage at
the American infantryman and the
tplendid co-operation shown by the
American artillery. Soma units of
the artillery were forced for long
periods to work In (as masks.
An artillery dual which was re
turned last night continued with Hi
He interruption until late this mora
lag. 1

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