"A. DEMOCRATIC PA MILT NEWSPAPER.
C LRVKLANI) PRESSED THE BUT.
m. A GREAT PARADE.
The International and Cotton States
Fxjrr jitlon Is Now in Full Blast.
ffi'.htb i!plc!oa accompanlnent ol mll
( irr r rrf and clrlc dignity, leading aa lQ.
r,, ,i. - i 0f peopl. and honored by the
1 1 !; dignitaries ol the Church and
:'!. foieign countries, the Cot-
'iM'1 International Exposition was
i -!'. 1 to the world cn Wednesday
lr i i -i was n brilliant one, lacking
,k, i f fK-irarance of a great mlscella-
. ! 'vir c;; It was composed entirely cf
n-iiMiv t o li;au'l banda of music, headed
y'!:': riutl States Fifth Infantry and the
ty-ir-t' n Artillery, cf New Orleans, and
f'ilcr.el 1 y several r-giments of Georgia
6.afst re '.!.
lh) ii ili moved promptly from the
e!3(.:;:-1 oiiit t tho center of the city, at
tt; i:,; r.--('ion of Broad and Marietta
!r v.-a., about nu hour in traversing
iL 1: i:i " -f tbroe miles to the exposition
nr v, I . n-.'i. lung there about 3:30 o'clock
I .. V P1 , a it th auditorium were lrc
r -I.'.-- nv.'l i'iipr"ive. It was a gratifying
Mir; r- 'hit Ml; nuditorium, though crowd
hI, n.,-..(. -intfiv.-ly oool ndtho acoustio
, , .... !,' - w r- H,no.t piirffct, so that the
'.'i.'T-. -M distinctly heard In all
! . f tly -.nding. President Collier re
. - ---- 1 i. i"r. ;it ovation whou ho arose to
i, ti I Mr.-. Joseph Thompson, presl-
' t i-s Wi linen's Board.
' h-n were all good, and the ora
ii n i.y Ju'l; Emory Kpeer, of the United
f!,?. ,urt, waj a profound utterance.
'J u- hit -.f th day was by Booker T. Wash-i!i-!"n.
t!: representative of the negro race,
nl: , in ;i 20 minute speech, evoked greater
;vi-" than all the others put together.
11- ,.:' 1 to have the ear of the audience,
;;! l-;''"l Loth whites and blacks.
- '. .i!tra ''ensenativo people who have
,! ..-,! -. i .h- propriety of inviting a negro to
i p-rrlaont part in tho programme
; -i.!i'i;ia.-tic in their praise of his speech,
it r, v-ncraily conceded that its effect
ii 'i f a bappy on.
1 K- xpo.-irion i. much nearer completion
h iii th-pul.lic had supposed. The actual
'films' rw-ild n series of displays nearer
i i!i l"t'Tie5 than any ever shown by an ex
!,iva at its (.-lining.
1HE I fiESSUfCl OF IHE BUTTON.
A t-rfnt i-rowd of people gathered in the
M i -lnu-ry Hall before the close of the ei-H-f
- in th; auditorium, waiting to eee the
i!.nj--ti" intliK'ii -e f the touch that would
ni" i-vi-r the wirs for a thousand miles to
( Mi" ma -hinery in motion. The big Frick
fiiiii- wus in readiness, and a row of bat
t 'ii p st.-d near Mm engine. Just at 5:54:20
h- i'ridfiit touchfd tho button, the
v.Ll-U-Miindfd. the engine moved off at a
liv-ly aii and all the nuu-hinery followed
f lit. Hid reiit -rowd .ent up a shout that
fh'n X Hi- roof. Almost simultHneouslyhun-,ri:-
..f in.- lkdits fla.Hhedout on the 'plaza,
air! Mivi iadsof incandescent lights gleamed
mil .- intillaicd I nun the cornices and domes
ftli- Woman's Building and tho Oovera-nn-i.t
J'.iiilding. It was just dusk, and In the
truth-ring darkness the 'shouts of the crowds.
Mi- lla- liid the- lights and the noise of the
V nils of the Presidential salute emphasized
tL- f rmal opcuiutf of the exposition.
Tli-transportation facilities proved equal
ti Mi- or. a.-ion and there was no confusion.
With .IomI Id tracks on the Southern Railway
t Atlanta ad lines of street railways, the
i-r.iwils nilTTod no inconvenience. The ter-
niil facilities wero fully adequate, and
Mvr uas very facility for ingress and
vn - at the ground!.
At I'.uHrd'sP.ay the President received
,! f' li .niK telegram before 5 o'clock from
; v-mor Bullock, chairman on the com
!!:!!! of iirrancements:
4'lh cniniittee nu ceremonies are in
fM'i d by the President and director for
ni. I l v th board of directors to express to
'!; I'o --id-Mil Mn-ir hi-h Appreciation and
Mi mk. (.,r the great interest tho President
li ; !i oun. both in thi and on othr occh
ri"!i . and in behalf of thw success of th ex
I" ' i'i.-ii. I ndcr thepuidance of the hand
I l'ri 1-nt Cleveland, one of tho most im
portant commercial and industrial events
n--r a't.'mpted in our section has now start
"I n it career for the upbuilding of our
rnl interests by closer commercial re
it'n with all portions of our country and
with i-t-r republics gouth of the United
s'a!"5. Th' mingling of people from nil
ti !!. made possible by the President's
H n i! and aid to our effort?, will render
iil-will between the sections impossi-
i lupst of the committee, the
J t a. asked to sand kis message be
"r" t!: button was pressed la order that, it
t' !.! i.a r,..,d to the vast asaamblag. M.
'v,ln:l kindlv consented aad wired the
1 1 vmk. m about 5:30 o'clock:
" I th. rieident and Board of Directors
f M- c..ttr.n States and International Expo
Atlanta, Ga.: Fully appreciating the
oi- in,. importance of the exposition in
R'vurnted to-day, lam especially gratified
' 'i related to It inception and progress
J a i t o participate in its opening ceremonies.
J Fla"preiy congratulate those whose enter
in 'Hnd energy have accomplished auch
' ' i l results, and heartily wish that the
'! stion they have set on foot will b oom
I '-' iv successful in consummating all the
' i trtiiilt contemplated by its promoters.
tbk oratob of tbi dat.
,t'p Kiuoiy Speer, the orator of the day,
'"-redan elaborate era ion, which was
Ri ii 1-1 all the way through. Following
"r"" nio.-t interesting portions of Judge
c; i -peech:
i indeed ahappv day for our coun
); 11 and dull must bo the nature of
" ' :t in who U insonsii.de to these convinc
1 r s cathcredthat the world may see
J i i i,-. nient of our people on all paths
toward a more perfect civilisation,
i... ipm-tael-is indeed auspicious. The as
; n anife htavions of the energy of
" in nations exalt while they amaze the
' r-'.a:i'.liii;. They elevate and enrich the
' '-'!:. v.ion and yet it is impossible for that
' t nit y to conceive the complete reali-
' wondrous and imperial display.
;,'! ' ' the ennobling panorama this exhibi
f: ,; ! th possibilities of the young and po-
; ' r-.t'.n wiM i x: .bfor the sentient and
rJ r ,! rr:m j. inconceivable significant of
" M i;.ri..nnl life nnd weighty beyond
"'i iti its !??sons of patriotic duty to
" t0 whom. according to theirsev
. '' I'oy S4 ja tne p;.-atd; of the talents.
-- i-.'eiitialities lor the advancement of
t:;''!''vf been entrusted by the Master.
r I substantial magnincence and benefl
t u irnanesj 0f this vast undertaking was
1- Iv only to the resolution and activities
5',' " fr people. An autocrat might rear
f 'r.a'i..' structures ami might gatherthls
V"' " , lv. An A.n ti'! island on the bor
' t Finland, in summer a heap cf mud,
' " '-r r'irozen marsh, accessible only by
:- -s .'wrests aad deop morasses, within a
':' "'a.-fill-J with a population of 800,000
' horn the Czar Peter had forcibly as
i :'-' !;,d tv establish a new capital. These
i " 1 ' r.-ht from the ast plains of Central
; ia, the andy deserts of Astrakhan, the
rrica lows along the Don, and the
: rroiuoiitories which project into the'
' -in. Vhares, harbors, streets, palaces
y-'i ioiireseS were created at the will of the
'.us if he possessed the uecromantio
';' Arabian story. Said Voltaire:
i- , ... ... m force upon nature. Naitbr
)VDOZ EHOST SPEEB,
(Orator or the day at opening exercises on!
; the Exposition erotindO !
er the intindatlon which razed nia works.
nor the sterility cf the soil, nor the ignorance
of the workmen, nor even the mortality
which carried oft about 200,000 men in the
beginning of the undertaking, could divert
him from his firm resolution. Thus the ma
terial victories of autocracy have been won,
without legard to tho agony inflicted Upon
its subjects. Thus St. Petersburg wus com
pleted. But that ftately abode of bureau
cracy and despotism is not more bfneflcent
to the people whos simple ancestors died un
der the knout for its construction than one
of those fantastical palaces of ice which an
nually glitter on the wintry banks of the
"Not so with creations as this of a free
people. They are enlivened by the benevo
lence of great and generous men. They are
encouraged by the fostering hand of eympa
Ihio popular government. They are symp
toms of vigorous national life. They are at
tended with warm demonstrations of concern
by a people unt ratlced in tho arts of dis
simulation. 1Ybethr the sagacious people
of the British Isles provide and perpetuate
the lucent glories of the Crystal Palace, or
the brillisnt Frenchmen, while the soil of the
Republic is yet scarred with hoof-marks of
the Prussian Uhlans, by gigantic expositions
demonstrate their unimpaired power, or
gi at tful America lavishes her own bounty,
and becomes trustee for a willing tribute
from mankind in reverence for that sailor
philosopher, whose genius and constancy
discovered half the habitable globe, or these
typical Georgians consecrate their disinter
ested lives to demonstrate to all men the
btrength of Southern character, and the
plentitude of Southe n resources and the
adaptability of rtir country as a home fox
unin.agined millions of prosperous and hap
py people, in any event, it is a creation of
t'. e people's prophetic intelligence, f their
resplendent public virtue, nourished into
i ui rotis activity by the kindly hand of
popular, con: titutional government.
"Here the liberal and inspiring purpose la
the advancement of our country. It kindles
the imagination of the projector when the
bright conception dawns upon his teeming
faucy. It reminds! the capitalist that econo
my in its broaderf'srnse frfa distributive vir
tue. With free ;band then he makes his
wealth a willing servant of public honor. It
animates the genius of the architect and the
airy fancies become a thing of beauty and
joy forever. It gives precision to the trained
-ye and power to the nervous arms of the
i ti fleers. It musically rings in the trowels
of the masons. It crackles like rifle Are in
the hammers of the carpenters. Every deto
nation of the blatd which swiftly sinks the
,'cundation of the great buildings to the bed
rock sweeepindown from the mountains is
a salvo of triumph to the civilization of a
great people. Over the fair and mighty
structures streams the ensign of a nation's
'honor. Beautiful flag of the RepuMio ! All
the fairest conceptions of government, of so
cial order, of human accomplishment all
that promotes the perfectibility of man are
typified by thee. Law and progress aro tby
color guard. Their reviving and assuring
presence is borne on every zephyr that woos
tho mountain and tempers tho vale, and
brings life and strength to the increasing
millions to whom thou art an inspiration
and a joy. But not to them alone.
''Humanitr with all Its fears.
With its hopes for future years.
Are all with thee, are all with thee."
"Here o'er the mountain waves of the
ocean have been brought the treasures of
other lands. From the Gulf of Mexico to
the Straits of Magellan our sister republics
proudly come.bringing with willing hands of
the bounty the God of nature has bestowed
upon them. Comes the Argentine Republic,
her territory greater than all Central and
Western Europe, stretching from the Atlantic
to the summits of the Andes, which guide
the mariner who sails the distant Pacific, in
latitude exceeding our own, whose beautiful
city is the Taris of fcou'.h America and whose
callant peoplehave twice captured invading
British armies larger than those surrendered
by Burgoyne at Saratogo and Cornwallis at
Judge Speer then referred in glowing
terms to the wonderful physicial resources
of Venezuela, Costa Rica, Salvador and
Of the educational effect of great expo 1
tions he eaid:
"Besides who can doubt the educative
effect of such proofs of human advancement
as this Exposition? A lad can walk through
these halls and acquire knowledge of which
Sir Isaac Newton or Sir Francis Bacon were
ignorant, ne may behold dainty products
of all lands for which Lucullus might have
sighed in vain. He may watch the noiseless
operations of engines a Watt or Stephenson
could not even conceive; models or ships
which would have been deemed Impossible
by Nelson, or Rodney, by Bainbridgs or De
catur; arms and munitions of war the 'men
tion of which Marlborough or "Frederick,
Wellington or Napoleon would hava pro
BQuned the dreams ol avnadm&su 'Home
Keeping youths,' said Shakespeare. !hav
ever homelv wits.' The powers of tka brain
are like the fire iu the flir.t. A collision with
bright steel of other minds is essential t
evoke the sacred spark. This Exposition
carefully studied will be a liberal edacatio
lor thousands who attend it. To be attained.
knowWg" must be fousht, and what joy it
impaits! What matters to the ignorantraam
the clear and lucent clones of the dawn, the
rephvrs wbi h attend it and scatter Jncn
to delichted rature! What the mystartaai
dome cf heaven Intard with pa tines ol pure
gold, what the rolling billows of -the deep
and dark bine ocean, what the mighty
grandeur of the storm, the life-giving breeze,
the green fields, the placid intelligence cf
domestic animali "
" A rrimrosa by a river'a brim
A yellow primrose ia to him.
And it is nothing mora.'
1 "But to him whose mind is stored with
knowledge every suggestion or nature D rings
its joy and flllshis heart and ineffable charm.
"But the utility of this Exposition to our
State and our section is especially algaiflcant
and especially opportune. The prophecy of
the geneicns Bishop Berkeleo, the friend and
associate cf Oglethorpe, hns been com
pleted: '"Westward the course of empire talcs its
The four first acts already past:
The fifth shall close the drama with the day
Tima'a noblest offspring la the last.'
"I hear declare that the so-called 'race
question' does not exist. There are millions
of colored people who live and who will live
among many more millions of wfeite people.
W Jjy eball as Jon forge race iaaue? Ron-
eat and decrit men will accord to tb4 negro
that just measure of favor as a member of so
ciety the laws afford him, and which his
cpmdnrt deserves, and thji Jong processes tt
tiffii will determine whether his presence is
a benefit or an Injury to himself and to the
land to which he is now as warmly attached
as his white neighbors. No process of rea
soning', no fertility of conjecture will afford
any other solution of the boo aj led question,
jyhy agitate It then? Its unnecessary discus
sion bis withheld from the resonrefci ottfcaSt
States the fructifying, hind of the Industrious
white r5i. whether farmer or artisan, lrh
-irniri a bare support elsewhere, could. In
'his fcenial clime, win an abundance of which
he never dreamed. It is, moreover mors
rrutl to the negro than it is detrimental to
the white mn for the prejudice It awkans
causes the idle, ignorant and lawless to ba
con.? the suspicious enemies of the negTO.
It is, indeed, a source of alarm to those In
dustrious and tcfpectable negroes wh' 88 In
telligent labor and 6elf-denying habits
ha3 supported their families, educated
their children and added millions
annually to the taxable velue cf
tber- States: There Is one thing since his
emancipation the South ha3 ever guaranteed
to the negro, that 13 ho matter what his trad
or occupation, the privilege of earning his
living, it is a common spectacle ujeji
structures of every character to behold num
bers of white and negro mechanics working
side by side. I have regretted to learn that
this U not true in the Northern States. 1
was informed by the president of atechnolo
gical school from Philadelphia, a man of
jrreut intelligence and great benevolence,
that they yearly turned out numbers of col
ored youth trained, skilful in the trades they
had mastered, but that if one of these men
should be employed as a skilled laborer on
any workt every member of the trade unions
would quietly gather hp bis tools and quit
the job. No such feeling has existed here.
The opportunity for technical education I3
the greatest benefaction his friends can be
stow on the negro. The skill of the graduate
of an industrial school is his capi
tal. He has been taught to
appreciate the dignity of labor.
He is not striving for the unattaian
ble. Ho L a useful citizen from the start.
He begins his lifework on a solid basis. How
incomparably superior is his condition to
that of one of his race who is trained for a
profession where he must depend upon th
patronage and slender means of bis own peo
ple, or of one who has merely acquired a fa
tal facility of speech. If it be said that the
argumcut would restrict the genius cf the
Afro-American orator (though why 'Afro' I
do not know.) let him bear in mind that it
took three hundred years for the white peo
ple of America to bring forth such orators su
James Otis, Samuel Adams and Patrick Hen
ry. A poor man should make sure the
means of a livelihood before he attempts the
excursions into the domain of art. Let him
remember the epfgramraatic language of our
sagacious President, 'It is a condition and
not a theorv that confronts us. and the cer
tain comforts of a good home and an ample
support are worth more to him than all the
rations since Demosthenes thundered in
Athens, or Cicero charmed the crowds of the
Judge Speer then discussed at length the
wonderful productiveness of Georgia lands
and their fruit nnd timber products. '
Of the culture and manufacture of cotton
"Texas Is the first and Georgia the second
as cotton States. In 1893-94 Georgia pro
duced 1,125,000 bales, Texas and the Indian
Territory 2,059.000 bales. The total crop of
that year was 7,550,000 bales, and it will be
remembered that in 1818 the entire crop of
this country was but 200,000 bales. But
while the production of cotton has wonder
fully increased, its consumption increased
proportionately. In 1893-94 the total con
sumption for the United States was 2,319.388
bales, of which consumption 718,515 bales
were taken by the spinners of the South, and
in the consumption by Southern factories
Georgia is only surpassed by North and
South Carolina. The consumption of cotton
throughout the world has doubled since the
year 1ST0. The average annual increase in
consumption is 245,060 bales of 400 pounds
each. Of all the cotton grown ia the world
the United Stats produces 70 2-10 per cent.
It should ever be borne in mind that cotton
is a quick money crop. It is incomparably
the chief ar icle of export from this country
It was the foundation of our national credit
and enabled us to redeem our national debt
after civil war. American cotton is held in
higher esteem than any grown elsewhere.and
it may be marketed at less cost. I have not
spoken of that beautiful grade of cotton
known as sea island, which is grown in
South Carolina aud on the eoasti of and
more latterly with great results iu many of
the inland counties of Georgia. Indeed, the
chief sea island cotton market of the world
is the beautiful and thriviug city of Valdosta
in Southern Georgia. 150 miles from the sea.
But a shipload of cotton goods is infinitely
more valuable than a shipload of raw cotton
and the cotton manufacturers of the South
are increasing rapidly. Some of the largest
cotton mills in the Eastern States are moving
their plants to the Southern States. Suc
cessful mill companies in Georgia and Ala
bama and theCaroiinas are now spending
t2S.C00.000 iu increasing their equipment and
building new mill. Tn the South had
180 mills, with 1160 spindles and 14.300 looms.
A care'.ul compilation made iu the spring of
1894 shows 405 mills. 2.700.000 spindles and
62.000 looms, with 97,000.000 of capital in
vested. These figures were raadeinMaich
of this year bv Mr. John C. Latham, of
the New York Cotton Exchange, who, I
believe, is an acknowledged authority.
And what shall we say ot thwgloriou.5 city,
the finest type of Southern progrBSfc? Sueh
an one the Master must have hl in mind
when He exclaimed: Te are the light of the
world. A city that is set on a hill cannot be
hid.' I misht enlarge on the insr i ration its
smrdy people gather from Its Eracln clime
their Indefatigable industry, their I road and
liberal talents, the cordial welcome they give
the stranger that is within their gates, the
exemplar of municipal activity and munici
pal virtu it affords. It in American to the
core. Its every expiration is a hurrah.
Within the structure of the majestic Churoh
of St. Paul's iu London there is a simple in
scription iu hi nor of an architect, Christo
pher Wntnn, who is there sleeping 'Si mo
numeutum rqniris, circumspice. If yon
would behold his raouument, look around
you. This was an inscription to the mighty
AamA it ia e.iiiHilv RPiirorriate to the
mighty living. If you would behold the
monuments of this proud Georgia city, the
pride of the State, look around you. While
our winters are bracing and invigoratlng.our
streams are never froz-n. The death rat
throughout the entire State is fifteen and a
fraction to a thousand, and among the white
people even less."
The orator next sought to prove that "ta
people of the South are distinctively a reli
gious people." He told of the early labors
of John and Charles Wesley and George
Whitfield, and said : "Who can doubt that
the pn-s-nce in Georgia of 151. 500 Methodists
and 1S3,0-J Bautists is due to the impetus to
religious thought imparted by these inspired
missionaries of Christ ?"
Following is Judge Speer's peroration:
He has restored our souls and is even
now kaiing us through green pastures and
by the waters of comfort. Ana - hera and
now, not before our enemies, for thank God
we have none, but before the people of the
habitable globe. He apreads the taole that all
may come and see and know the bounties
and benefactions He has showered on this
favored people. And shall we not be worthy
of His 1 viug kindness. His care for our
past and His provision tor our future : Tea,
we shall say with the psalmist of old, -Surely
goodness and mercy shall follow us all the
days of our lives, and we shall dwell la tna
ftoue of the Lcrd forever.' "
During the first three months of
this rear Great Britain imported 4353
horses, against 3551 in the same peri
od last year. The camber of horses
imported was 3755 against 2551.
C, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1895.
INTERESTING ITEMS FROM ALL
OVER THE STATE.
feom Facta About North arHna.
North Carolina contains 48,666
square miles land surface, 3,620 square
miles water smrface, 52,286 square
miles total area. Extreme length
503 1-4 miles; extreme breadth 187 1-2
miles; length of coast line 314 miles.
Position of Baleigh, State capital is,
latitude 35 degrees, 4? minutes, longi
tude 78 degrees, 47 minutes, longitude
78 degrees 38 minctes 5 eeeonde. Al
titude of Baleigh above sea level 363
feet. Mean elevation of the State
640 feet. Highest point (Mitchell's
High Peak) 6,688 feet. Highest towns,
Boone 3,250 feet; Highlands 3,000 feet.
Number of counties 96. Number of
towns with population OTer 2,000, 23.
Area of largest county (Brunawick
Bobeson) 950 square miles; area of
smallest county (New Hanover) 80
square miles. Mean annual tempera
turd 59 degrees. Eainfall 53.29 iaches.
Mean annual temperature for Baleigh"
is 60 degrees. Summer 72.2, winter
48.3. Bainfall 45.67 inches. Total
water power 3,500,000 horse power.
Number miles of railroad 3,577 1-3.
Present valuation (assessed) railroad
property $24,555,754.55. Population
of North Carolina (U. S. census,)
1890, 1,617,947; in 18S0 it was 1,399,
750, an increase of 15.59.
NORTH CAROLINA LEADS.
Her Forestry aad Blintral Exhibits
Unsurpassed by Aay Other State.
The North Carolima forestry and
mineral exhibits were ready at the
opening of the Atlanta Exposition, and
were unsurpassed ly these from any
A New Tux Law.
Qne of the new laws passed by the
last Legislator that is just now mak
ing a stir over the State, is to be found
iu Section 20 of the machinery act.
The dealers are required to make two
returns per year to the register of
deed, the first from January 1 to
June 30. So far, only a few have done
bo. The -law in qnettion eays: On
every commission merchant, broker or
dealer buying or selling, one per
centum on his corn mist ions. On every
dealer in cijars, cheroots, manufac
tured smoking or chewing tobacco and
cigarette,- au annual tax, five cents
per thousand for cigars and cheroots,
one-half oent per pound on manufac
tured emokiig and chewing tobacco,
and five cents per thousand for cigar
ettes, provided, however, tlif.t nothing
in this paction shall be construed to
apply to manufacturers of tobacco,
cigars, charoots or cigarettes; and no
county, city or town shall be allowed
to impose any tax, license or fee on
On the 25th inst., the clay of the sil
ver convention, prize tobacco breake
took place at Baleigh, and attracted a
great number of farmers. The tobacco
business ia this es&ton .arouaing more
interest than in a decade. It is yield
ing big return. Farmers are talking
more about tobacco than about poJitict
or free silver. Tobacco ia giving the
town of Louisbnrg a regular boom. It
is developing other towns iu this sec
tion and east of here.
The Goldsboro Argus says that the
amount of tobacco on the market on
the opening of the warehouse in that
place was 350,000 pounds, and that
"no such break was ever before known
in the State for any one day."
The drought, which it becoming ex
treme, is making streams in many
cases very low. The Neuse is eo low,
for instance, that the mills have Borne
trouble in getting power and 6ome
cannot run on full time.
The temperature at Baleigh on
Thursday was 97 7-10 degrees. Cotton
is being damaged daiiy. Some half
grown bolls are shedding. The crop
has gone backward in the past twelve
President Winston, of the State Un
iversity, reports 500 stndents enrolled
with 150 in the freshman class. This
is the largeat claas in the university's
It is said that $350,000 has been in
vested in the Cranberry iron mines in
the clearing away of the covering of
the vast mass of ore and in the plant.
James Morgan, colored, fell from
the cab of an engine of the Atlantic
Coast Line Thursday night in the Fay
etteville yard and was instantly killed.
The number of operatives at the
Caraleigh Cotton Mill, Baleigh, has
been increased to 250 since the addi
tional machinery was pat in place.
. Cotton picking has at last actively
begun. The cotton men insist that
the yield will be 85 per cent, of an
Work was begun Monday on the big
Troximity Cotton Mill at Greensboro
beirgbuilt for Messrs. Carson and
The cotton crop in Wade county will
not be so good as at frit thought. The
first to go cm the market was last Sat
urday. Sun Sets a House 00 Fire.
At St. Louis, Mo. , the sun set fire to the
residence ol E. H. Warner, causing 119,000
damage. On the off r ws a lr9 as-sesablv-room.
The wladows contained a
euaber of circular glasses about six inches
ta disaster, with convex surfaces. These
acted as so many ' hull's eye" s ua gUi.es, and
the rays of ths sua were brought to a loco
en the floor, setting it on fire.
Cleveland, Ohio, is said to hare a
river that outsmeils that famous
fctream at Chicago.
Oossip from the Natloaal CapltoL Pol
iticians Shirklag aad Dodadpg
the FlaaaeUI Question.
IB j Out Reg tUr CofraleCt J
. The silver toed were greatly relieved when
Senator Tet, of Missouri, repudiated tb
'ntervitw, published while he was on hi?
way home from Europe, which male hiu
(at that be had become convinced that the
free coinage of fcilver ct the ratio of IS to 1
by the United States alone was impractica
ble. Senator Test does not spa language
in denouncing the manufacturer of that in
terview, nor in announcing that he his not
changed his views in favor of free coluage
by even a hair's breadth.
If it were not such a serious matter it
would really be amusing to see how the pol
iticians do-lge and shirk the financial ques
tion. A striking instance has just beta giv
en to those who are posted on the inside
workings of the democratic and republican
parties. The republican criticism of the
democratic management because of the gen
eral belief that another bo4 issue is Impend
ing. These criticisms were very galling to
Fresident Cleveland, and, in order to see if
he couldn't to an extent stopthm. be caused
it to be intimated to certain leading republi
cans that if there was not a "let up'.' he
would call an extra session of Congress and
turn the whole matter over to that body, and
let the people see what the republicans had
to offer for the relief of the treasury. Ol
course I wouldn't undertake to say that the
threat frightened the Republican leadors,but
it is certain that after it was male there was
a perceptible modification of the editorial
comments in certairf papers known to be In
fluenced by the views of those leaders. It is
also certain that the republicans do not look
forward with any pleasure to the time
when Congress will have to take up the
financial question. They have no plan to
offer other than to Increase the revenues of
the government W changes In the tariff.
Aside from the tariff the financial policy of
tho Cleveland administration is precisely
that which was followed by tbr Harrison ad
ministration, which came so near to ar fesue
otboudstLat the plates from which they
were to be printed were made at the Bureau
of Engraving and Printing.
There is no question about the art of gun
mixing keep:i-g f u'ly abreast of that of armor
plating for ihe protection of ships. Undis
putable evidence of that assertion has just
been g'vec ct the government trial grounds,
near Washington. A Harveyized nickel-steel
plate 14 inches thick, one of the best ever made,
was fa'.leaedto a structure representing the
side of the battleship Iowa, and used for a
target for 'a thirteen -inch rifle, carrying aa
aimor-plercing shell weighing 1,100 pounds.
Only one fc'iot was fired. The shell went
through the armor just as though it had been
so much pasteboard, and burled itself deep
in the sand which was packed deep behind
tho plale. It is the opinion of naval officials
that there is no armored ship 'afloat that
could staud before this gun at close range.
It costs a small fortune to fire this gun. The
shell is a very expensive affair and 480 pounds
of powder were used to make th!? trial shot
THE GOVERNORS OF MfCniriAN,
OHIO, ILLINOIS, INDIANA
Formally Turn Over their State Mon
uments to the Custody of
the United States.
Chattanoogo extended a burnln? welcort
to her thousands of visitors la,st week. Tb
beat was unusual, even for the sunny Soutr.
land. Natives and strangers alike suffered
The decorations wre not only profuse, bo'
tasteful and elegaat, covering the entire
Owing to the absence of 8cretary Lam ov
the monuments wero preseuted in each In
stance to 0n. Fullerton, president of tL
National Park Commission.
JIhliissn led off this pleasing patrl tieser
vice, the comnission occupying for tbe
purpr.se a plat form on Snflras nilL
Hcinimiitij and m-jrk'Ti enroled upon th'
haUl-lb'M.f of Ciib-kamiuza, Chattauoogo,
Missionary Ridge uid Orclurd Knob wer
presented l G.v.rnor Ki. h by Captain and
Ex-Cwr-gfrfSman D-;! nap, president of th
State Tark eoiBiP'sMun. Capt. Belknap de
scribed the location of the be veral monu
ments and markers.
A'tr Governor Rich bad averted monu.
mfi.t. on bclutlf of tlie State 0it. flnry M
DuEI-ld, of Detroit, who commanded the Srth
regiment in the war. drlirr.l an eloquent
oration. TIm monurnpnU were then to mod
over to Gii. Full ;ityn. an t with prayer by
the r.-v. WA-l.iiij-tou Gardner, Secretary ol
Stat", the exerei3-s ended, s r v
TteOblo d-dl-ntion followed, nnder th
Jlre- ti n of (l-n. J-;fcn Batty, prrtid-in
the l onrd of eo t.mK-iioii'rs. " This wa tlr
ruoet elaborate ! not !! evwit of the day.
Addio; were n. by Uneral Charley H.
Grojv.-nor, ex-Qjv. Jaro-a E. Camplwll, (Wi
Aiuil'm Vil-v. who turned th monument
OTer toGovrn -r M Kinley, ani he in tarn
to G -iiTfO Fii!-rtjD.
Governor C1 nVll'i address was largely
a eul?y upon Ferd VanJireer, a fei)nt
townsman of his, who too a au active part tit
Lilnols dMi?afI bar raonu-nent at Wldw
Gloijti'a bou, which wa Th .m-is'a bJ
(piarters. The aldress was delivered by
A db-tlng'mhed gathering marked the
dedi'-ation of the Io-liaoa monument, near.
Cave Springs. Iid'-a Governor Claude
Matthews, the o-VAiion presented as apeak
era tb soMir-aulhor, Gen. Lew WaJU-
CoL J. S. WVfcer. the newly elected grind
com zander. G. A. B-; Gn. J. R. Carnahan
and JndgeD. B. II -?nn!J, of the 9th la
dirt ii f ant rv.
K-itys fl!d wm oeet-'led by the Whvon
sin p'-oirl', cr whi-b etaaJs the moanm'al
er-l-! to the Lst rvi met. t of that State.
The Rev. Jackson E. Webtr, ehaplais of
the 10th V.'i:cin--in. opnd with prayer.
Ad lrs3 wrr? ma le tv Governor W. fL
Cphnu. ex-GTv-rrr HjnrJ, W. W. Wt-kirw-.
chairina o? lh State board and ctbre.
At the e- :npiKa of the svrl State dd
icati'n et-r"t-s ti tr.op in Cai&p L
motit, on th- i at'.l'-a-lJ. under tbeeocomanJ
of Col. I'U t J, gav a dru parade, which
was w:t.-. -.-l Ly thousand of tpa-tatora.
This cl iiiJ the p loraairae.
OUett American Llneaj.
Mrs. SIsry Bar-tow. agI aeventy-fotir,
wife of Vr. Noyes Birtow, died at Spring
field, Mass.. of bUod pjlsordcg. She was a
direct lo;nliUit it the seventh generation
of Ptnrgnu's White, tba Crt white child torn
GLEANINGS FROM MAJfY POINTS. '
Important Happenings, Both noma
and orel. RHflv Told. 1
.Newsy Southern Ifotee.
The 80ns of Teteraas elected W. H. Bos
sU, of Rush Cntre, Iu., commander-la
chief at Knoxville.
8ix negroes have died at Camilla, Ga.,
from poison in their food at a basket nlcnlo.
It is supposed pis cooked In tin plates were '
the poisonous viands. 1
Mr. Jamea C. Hills, the oldest printer ta
Baltimore, and who had bn employed on
the Sun since 1843. died on Monday. He was
born in Blair In 1819.
At Dallas. Tex., the Corbett-FltzaimmonS
match will come off. In the test glove eon
test case before Judge Hurt, of the Court of
Criminal Appeals, held that there Is Be law
In Texas against prize rights.
A soda-water fountain which had been set
out In the sun, exploded at the corner of
Feacli tree and Decatur streets in Atlanta,
The result was that J. A. Almand was deaf
ened in his left ear and W. 0L Douglass
stunned Into Insensibility.
The New Jersey Republican eonvratioa
nominated John W. Griggs tor Governor.
Its platform: "Opposition to any attempt t
impose upon this country a debased or de
The New Tork 8tate Republican Conven
tion In session at Saratoga on Tuesday re
nominated the entire old ticket on a straight
ballot, and the incumbents will again go be
fore the people. The resolutions adopted
omit the excue plank, reaffirm adherenoe to
the policy of protection and demand such
legislation as will afford an adequate Income
tax for the maintenance of the government
while giving encouragement to American
capital and remunerative wagee to American
laborers; denounced the Income tax as pass
ed by Congress; declared belief that "the
nation's honor as well as the material Inter
ests of our citizens dema- d the maintenance
of a national currency, every dollar of which,,
whether in gold, silver or paper notes shall
be ot equal value and equal debt-paying or
purchasing power, and we declare onr un
alterable opposition to the free unlimited
coinage of silver;" the administration ot
Governor Morton was heart! lyendorsed and
he Is presented as the candidate of the Re
publicans of the Enpire State for the presi
dency of the United States.
In the Province Tolkynia, Russia, between
A ok. IS and Aug. 24 inclusive, 5,049 oases of
cholera were reported and 2,134 deaths from
that disease. In the Province of Pod alia,
from the 21st to the 31st of August, 101 cases
of cholera and 45 deaths were reported.
The Treasury stated gold reserve Saturday
at the close of business stands at t95.862.398.
The Treasury was informed that 1150,000
waa withdrawn at New York for export and
175,000 deposited in exchange for ourrenoy.
Peter Elernan, editor of the New Orleans
Evening Telegram, was fined 1100 Thursday
or abusing the privileges ot the press la
Ibeling the district attorney. .
, BossC. Van Bokelen, receiving teller of the
Merchants' Loan and Trust Company at
Chicago. Is mls-ing with about 150,000 of the
money belonging to the institution. Ha is
supposed to be In Mexico.
' The Pennsylvania Railroad la testing a
new engine from the company's shops made
a remarkably quick run between Jersey City
and Philadelphia. The distance betwean the
two cities is 89.76 miles and the rua Via
made la 80 ml&ute
&0UTHKRN RAILWAY CO.
nattern Tim at olamMa and ft ffortfc
July SHiri. 1895
No 3S No IO No 3
Kailj Lll7 iDatiy
11 .VI t
Ar. Col'jn:t;a J
Lv. A'-X'nta ....
" Orariiic vil!e
Ar ( tluci! ii. -
Lv f.l'imt U. ..
" Wmnsl oro .
" i'- efr
" 1 ce' Hill. .
A 1 C b irlor.e. .
Vai'.itiion . ...!
l'JUla- e pliU ...j
Ne York i
I No 35 No 9 V. 27
jlaily j Daily Lfch
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II. V- a 11.13 a ie.4J ti
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br lMif -'c ... 1
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" l:re- Kill . .
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IV intbl-.xo I
A r. tif -;iT3 ri .......
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. IU5 . Ili r 9 '5 a
... ll--l i.li.M 1. 10 rr
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ELEEP1XO CAR tEBTIC .
JCoa. 17 and M, TVathingtoa and Srita
ererWL Una! ted, compoted of Pullman Care,
minimum Pullman rate 1 2.00, no extra fara,
Through Sleeping Cars between New Tfori
aud New Orleans. New Tork aad lletnphie.
New Tcrk and Tarn pa and Washington, Ahe
Tille and Hot Springs. Also carrl Crst-cl&at
coach between Washington aad Jak.onv)ll.
Dirtng Car between Greneboro anl M'iUt
Noe. 35 end 38, ratted Slat Tut Me a
Pullman Bleeping Cars between New Tork,
Atlanta r1 Jlontrr.ery, and Sw York 'A
Ja:ksoL v-.lie. Also haj b'epiiig Car betw"a
Charlotte and Augusta.
No. 12. Sleep leg Car Greensboro to Bal
No. 35, Bleeping Car Raleigh to Greens
boro. Through tickets on sale at r rincivJ statins
to all points. For rates or Information ap
ply to any agent of the Company.
N. J. O'BRIEN. Baperittead-ct Pint Di
vision, Danville, Ta.
W. B. RIDER, Brpertntendent Sont Di
vision, Charlotte, N. C
vT. EL GREEN, General Superintendent.
Washington, D. C.
W. A. JCBK. General Passenger Agert
j Vtlhlfigtoa, D. P.
! .s Pi I
....... 2..'-5 aj
nil v .......
I10.1S p1 J j
...j ....liar1) p! 20 g
....I il 11 v ?J y
. ..' 'i' 4t p a7 e
...J Iiz '.3 a; s i y
...J ;.; a 44 m
...J (14 i; ro ! 4 .
...j 4 4 n : t-
5 41 a' 5.42 . 8-'JI p
.. ..1 6 11 f 13 W 7.3ft t
. ...1 7.'0 7 "3 ti 8 V 1
...J 11.4) a 11.40 HOW
Ki-hmocJ ! j 441 pj 4 ;0 1 j OT a
I ) p' txi 1 a
11 25 pltAAa
36) l 3'0 i ' r.
I C0 i! 6 I) a 1 .V4 f
8 EPTK31 11 R R HKAT.
A Special Bulletin. 1 he Thermometer
104 ! oue IMaree.
The Weather Bareau has !tut a special
l uil-Un regarding the pvut hot spll.
sa wing that it exceeds any previous record
forthesoconl ten days ta .ptsabex. An
accompanying table shows temptratcr of
101 for nine days at Concordia, La.; ot 101
for eight days at OmahaNeb., of 101 for sis
days at Sioux City. a 1 at J other point a
temperatures racctnr from 3 to 100 for the
last ten days. W.htf.-;ton'e bight; point
was P6, which prevailed for tour days; New
Yoik tl. New Orleans 90
Visible Supply of Cot torn.
The total visible supply ot cotton tor the
world Is 276,835 bales, ot which 2.01,eM
are Amertoaa, against l.Sll.SSl bales aad
1,54837 bales respectively last year. Be
oalpta ot cotton this weak at all Interior
towns, 81.430 bales. Receipts from the plan
tations 114,544 bales. Crop in sight 244,33
Is the only Democratic Newspaper ta
McDowell county, and has a Urge cir
culation ta adjoining counties! It pub
lishes all the news without fear or.
favor, and Is the organ of ao ring or
It is the bold champion of the peo
ple's rights, an earnest edvecate of tha
best Interests of the county of UcDow.
ell and the towa of ifarioo. It sdvsr
tulog rates are reasonable, and the tub.
ecrlptlon price Is fl.OO ptr aear 4 s4
If you want the best newipsper la the
country brimming full of choloe reading
matte for business tnes, fanaaTt, mo
chanlcs, and the home dreltl of all
classes lubicribe and , pty fey te
Rscoao. If you don't, why fast deal,
aad the psper will be prlfltsd crtfj
Thursday evening as usual.
If you havca't enough interest la your
county's wellfare to sustsia the best ad
Tocate of its diversified interests, aad its
truest friead the newspaper yoa mead
not expect a 2-columa obituary aetlct
when your old etlngy bones art hid
from the eyes of progress la tho
All who owe subscriptions to
flacoaa will be dropped from oar list
unless they psy up at oaeo.
Tho Marlon Record,
SEAB3ABD AIR LINE R. R.
New rout to Charlotte, Raleigh, Wil
mington, Richmond, Norfolk, Washing
on, Baltimore and. the East. Also to
Atlanta, New Orleans and all poiatt in
Texas and the Southwest. Memphis,
Kansas City, Denter sod sll point. Ia
be Great West.
For Maps, Folders, Time Tables aad
lewest rates write to
B A. NEWLAND,
Geo. Tist. Pass. Agent,
Charlotte, N. a
Leave Marion C, C A C
Charlotte 8. A. L.
Arrive Raleigh "
11 SO am
6 00 pa
41 6 23 pm
',8 00 t a
T. J. Ajraaasow,
T. P. O. A
J L. C. BIRD
Anonet asd Coc.otxLoa AT Law.
Ila-ion, - N C.
Practices ia all courts, fl'-ata aad Jed.
eraL Special attention givea to isve
tigatlag laod titles ani coUectisg claims.
fpr-Qffi e ca Mala Btreet.
R. J. BURCITJ,
Offers hi" jrof-asior.al aetviee to lue
ineit'U 0'l former patrons f
Marion and viciait;'. All worh
guaranteed to be first else,
sad si reasonable as euch work
can be afforded.
Office opposite the Flemming Honsr.
Prctrcl ard tcientiflc Barber. Oret
httettm n'a itug store. Call and see
as I prom'ue s-tisfectioa ! U l-