' "A DEMOCRATIC FAMILY KEWSrAl'ER."
V1' MAltlOX N; C, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1895, NO. 41,
,.!; tiOU) RESERVE.
Aijre Kneouraglng Than
. 'I.iii.v Years.
! tlii gold reserve at the (
.-'r.t u l-iy was 193,006,663, a I
: ty cf ;20,77. Of this
. -'' jv.ao deposited in tho
; : .l i loir hia, $30,000 in CM
, Louii, about 525,000 at
'. . -av cffp-e and the balance
at ',tber eubtreasuries.
..- ';') rilver certificates of
.y.r.n were aaked fsr and
l.ar.o f jT j?oli.
si', iatiou as to gold with
- 1 at the Treasury Depart-
;.' f il thai: at any time with
r ii ok, and, in the pinion
! r t:oi in the rate of sterling
--.i'.jon of withdrawls for
.:; i uoLt increasing willing.
, .- ::ic:. gold for non-legal
ir. u :;,'-3 a return to normal
i t'-ru ia the tide of gold
l.lrt rj'ord Cotton Statistics.
TV.a! .4 - : th week 56,000 bales,
xri:an ' 0'i trade takings, including
rrrari'-lfr ' hip.-id", 67,000; actual ex--t
4 ( --.!, j'lii'orto L'3,000, American
C- ,:' ' !.;i.ow, Atu-ri.-an 932,000;
')"", A:n-ri"an 87,000; specula
;: . (. ;. . .. - vi.ort'.r.-i took 3.200.
I.iw i M'Kil Cotton Statistics.
wk 5,000 bales,
r - 1 - - takings, including
ir.' : '. .u . ii'- id'-. w,000; actual cx-
' il i f 1 1 ' 1 1 .- 23.000. American
: :;-,. American 932,000;
' .. Ann-ricui 87,000; spooula-
i '!t'-r t-.ok 3,200.
Mho orly Democratic N ewepaper In
.Dml! county, tnti has a Urge cir-
a i n in ining counties. It pub-
tho news without fear or
vnr, arid h the crgan of no ring or
i' is the Hoi l champion of the peo
..' :i'.'l:t bn earnest advocate of the
n ii.toi- ts of tho county of McDow-
l.ird ti.e t :v a of Marion. Its adver-
r td arc reasonable, and the aub
:;t pice I $1.00 per year in ad
it? u nut the br-st newspaper In the
i':'ry i. naming full of choloe reading
.iter fi r business rnea, farmers, me-
hi:;i.i, and the home circles of all
rc Biif-s. riho and pay for the
tr.D. If you doi'r, why just don't,
nl' pajicr will be printed every
lbur5-!:t v tvcnino n imul .
If yo i hnvi n't enough interest In youi
untj's wti;fnre to putain the best ad
rvo of iti ilivtrsified interests, and its
c; f; -t-rni t newspaper you need
ttiuxti ? -roluma obituary notice
:i'ii;. ur ol i Mingy bones are hid
'? a tn ;ej of proresi in the
orrr .!; criptions to tfie
"m i.! :.' .'.topi.ra from our list
1 : '' t v it orre,
V nr . K-.s . ( tf il'.y,
j u)t rion Record,
AilO AIR LINE R. il
t "'.;!. to Clnil ttc, ll-ile:sli, Wil
". 1'iilrnonil, Norfolk, Wa-hiug
''t .-in the Kast. A's3 to
i. Nov Oslc tns and all points in
the Southwest. Memphis,
; t 'ty, Pcuvor and all points in
Mips Folder?, Time Tables and
rstts write to
15. A. NEWLAND,
Tien. Trav. Pass. Agent,
Charlotte, N, C.
v : C, C. &C. 6 45 am
v I;:!, Ue S. A. L. 11 50 a m
re iL-i, 6 00 pm
Wihuington " 6 25 pm
Athnt-t " 300 pm
R A. Nr;i.Nc, T. J. Andkrsoh,
T. 1 : fl P.Aot
. . n
J L. C. EIRD
'C.NEf AND CvC.Nf2I.L0R AT LAW.
Ma'ion, - N O.
F'f'ir8 all courts, fltate and Fed
r ;.i . ti.. i:, : .. 4v
tl' "! ihni tltle9 &n 1 collecting claims,
Wfli o en Main Street.
I hh Sritnttftc Barber. Over
sture. Call and see
"" r'iu sf itisfactioa in all in-
TWENTY VKARS IN THE PEN.
Cnivifi Elltr Convicted of the Murder
of Roy Latham.
Calvin Eller was convicted of iuur-lr-r
in tho f-tcond degree at Ache court
fT killing iity Latham lat Auril.
I" prinwier gtts twenty years in the
! nit..-iitiary.x Tho trial occupird
i;;!.t .1,13 h .f court. Eller is oulv
uifn y.Hr- ,.!d, and tho evidence
hiia wr.s circuras-tuntial.
i-iii:im was about th.j same njre ntid
th: 5(,n of a former the: iff of' Ahh--.
Ih'i letter's bodjMvns found in a creeli.
Ifc wai lt been with Eller.
TVi'ilOlD AM) nil'.! I HliliJAi
RaVilrs lf ti!" l):"h hi iv y. Lout
I 'i; 1: -nUn aut!ioiili.-s .f L'ni,viliu atd
Hit; st;u nr'-alarnivd at th? presence of ty-
plioid-f;v.T ir.: I diphtheria, v.hi' h arcrarrins
was never lr for-3 known in Kentucky.
Tho d"ath-ratc in Louisvillu for September
was doubled, 01 account of the prevalence
of thld li.-e.t- ;uj I there has lccn no abate-
:it. rrr.:ii :ll ? . tions of tho State, re-
p-.rt' cop.;:: fr;ii tl: ravages of typhoid,
ii!" ln! ..m'T fr iiu ilipbtherla is almost
:tri-a. Tv hundred and ilftv cases of
typhoid arc reported from Oranteounty.
TYPHOID AND DIPHTHERIA.
Ravages cf the Diseases In Ky. Louis
ville's Death Rate Doubled.
The health authorities of Louisville- and
the State arc alarmed at the presence of ty
phoid-fever and diphtheria, which are raging
as was never before known in Kentucky.
The death-rate in Louisvillo for September
was doubled, on account of the prevalence
of this disease, and there has been no abate
ment. From all .sections of the State, re
ports come from tho ravages of typhoid,
while the danger from diphtheria ia almost
as great. Two hundred and fifty cases of
typhoid are reported from Oranteounty.
The Rise in Silver.
A rise in silver certificates at th9
New York stock exchange on Thurs
day to C9J on purchases of 55,000
ounces, attracted general attention.
This is tho first sign of activity in tho
market for the raetal in a year or eo
and is due in a measure eo authorities
eay, to the purchases for Chinese ac
count, in connection with the war
Counterteit Ten Dollar Kill.
Tho Secret Service Division of the Treas
ury Department has discovered the existence
of a counterfeit ten dollar silver certiflate of
the series of 1891, chock letter ''D," bearing
the portrait of the late Hon. Thomas A.
Hendricks. The- counterfeit is apparently
printed from an etched phito of fair work
manship aud tho' general appearance of the
noto is very deceptive. The note has beeu
"doctored'' to give it an aged appearance.
The Tobacco Loses by Frost in Ken
tucky. A well-in-fornied tobacco man of Augusta.
Ky., eay?: "The loss from frost to tobacco
in thij section is much larger than warehouse
men are willing to admit, lieports from 132
farmers in lirackon, Kobertson and Macon
counties, in a total of 1,'217 acres, ehow a
total loss of GOO acre?, or 10 1-2 per cent,
SOUTHERN RAILWAY CO.
I EASTERN svsri:M)
Ctntwl Time ihown between Jacksonville an4
Eastern Time ft other points.
Sept. litii, IS95.
lnilv Piulr Lailr
-v, JarksonTtlle ..
Sitvannwh . ...
IS 40 p
240 a .......
I 10 30 .
Ill 1;1 V
1 1 f P
! I . e ".
7 (to a
1 1 r. J a
3 45 j
Lt. ( hurlenton..
Ar. Columbia ..
II ( . a
2 00 p
2 :-o ,
4 41 .
b -S V
1. or. p
0 v; .
" Tr;:iton .....
" JoliUHtOUS ..
Ar. Columbia ..
Lv. Columbia ..
" Kocklhll ..
Ar. chrtrlotte ..
00 a 1
4 1.0 11 1
4 57 !
G 4.' h
P 1 a
7 t) a
11 40 a 40 k Uir:.i
I 4 40 p 4 tn f ! f,
j s ) p S :'.o p: 6 4 H
jii-.-. pdi -'"' 1"
I ;i(0 n! Sou a 10 ): a
C2o a 6 jo ajU:-:: p
j v :n ; 9 o"ir
! Psi'y ; ivily lMi!r
. 1! l"n 1: Cmt j 4 :vi p
. ; m i n 3 m n , f, .V) j
. '. J.' 11 I, ..1 11 '. ' 1
. 1 1 ; f. n js ;i ;o t ' ;
. v: ; r i -'-" i-'
. : r, ii) p s id . .". i'i a
. II 0". ). 11 -, 1 IS
. 11 .1 p !l M l l:1 '.7 B
. I.' J.'i 11 ! J .'"nt 1 1 ; a
. Ilia 1 1 1 n ilia
;1i a 11 1 a I r
1 v. No iv York ...
I.v. Wnliinsion .
KiClHIK'Il 1 .
" rhabMti .
" i:. ek Hill .
; rhester ...
Ar. Coin bia .
I.v. ("o'i:m)ia .
" Trenton . . .
Ar. .Auj;ut;t.H . ..
7.v. Columlil.i .
li M !l
7 10 8:
' b 11
Ar. Sio'imin. h
1 ".1 '
ELEEPINO CAR EERYIC. .
5os. 87 and SS, Washington and Sci'-j
western. Limited, composed of rullmao Cars
minimum Pullman rale $2.00; no extra fa.-.
Through Sleeping Cars between NMw Y-'-i k
and New Orlean, New York and Men.; : :.
New York and Tampa and WashiiiKton, A-: -ville
and Hot Springs. Also carries Urst-cbi-..-coach
between Washington and Ja?konvo:-.
Dir.iag Car between Greensboro nn l M i.',
Nos. 35 and 36, United States Fast MMi
Pullman Sleeping Cars between New York,
Atlanta and Montgomery, and New York a.-s t
JacksoLVille. Also has Sleeping Cflrktw-ci
Charlotte and Aagustii.
No. 12. Sleeping Car Greensboro to Ral
flgh. No. 35, Slceidng Car R.ileh;h to, Greens
boro. Through tickets on tsale at prind-l station?
to all point. For T&ls or informatiou '
plv to any aent of the Companj'.
N. J. O BUI EN, Superintendent Firt Dl
Tislon, Danville, Va.
W. B BYDER, Srpsrintendr.t Sern.i Pi
rision, Charlotte, N. C.
W. H. OREEN, General Sup'Hf.tendt-nt.
Washington, D. C.
W. A. JCBK, Gent-al F ufc1' Atfirt
aTachtvgtoa, P. C-
MOST CORDIAL GREETING TO
THE HISTORIC MASS OF IRON.
H5 Marshall, Granddaughter of the
Great Chief Justice, for Whom
the Hell Last Tolled, Was
Present and Highly
VTlth the most impressive ceremonies that
have yet marked the progress of the Cotton
States Exposition, the historic old Liberty
Dell was on Wednesday formerly plaoed In
charge of the Atlanta authorities. The cer
emonies took place on the broad stairs lead
ing up to t':ie stately Pennsylvania Building,
the hands'jme:-t in the beautiful park and on
the mot attractive .cito. The day was full of
iii'd'b'nt.?, po:ne of thm of a striking charac
ter, but the tuo.- t siguiib'ant was the declar
ation of ."Vinp ithy with the cause of Cuba,
v, itli (trawiti erf.?.-t by both Governor
At!, ir, .,;, of rL'ia. and Mayor Warwick,
of 1' -aii-ylv i;:' i. both of whom aroused wild
-1-1 ! i n -i i-hi fneii the 're:tt crowd that heard
Ai:aia w -! tii r.- a dramatic scene when
Mayor V.';irv. ', iu the course of his bril
li nit oration, turned to Miss Eleanor War-
i;ir.-!iall. who was on tho platform, and
-.-fully over her hand, lntro
I h r a - t le ;-r nt-rrranddaughter of tho
r- !- Supremo Court justice at whose
i:eriite.l relic had tolled for the
ii - Mar.-hatl, in n strikingly
wii. ! . .!v d very pretty. She li
1 jid r and graceful, and her
1 with tear, and Khe
v.iiti emotion $ Thiladelphia's
i 1' li'T the mo.,t trraeeful eoniplt-
o ever p dd in public to a young woman.
Ho rlo-pvni.lv lhauked Mi.'s Marshall fot
th - priv:l;.'dgo of grci-tln.z tlie descendant of
.o iiiu'-lrl 0.13 a man and declared that tho
rni iun that tU'e'd his breast at that moment
v. o ii.l ncv.r b: forgotten; that he would tell
his iuidreu d the honor bestoivcd upon
hiu au 1 l. i 1 them elo-ri-h the memory oi this
dn v t .. tb t n l of t'air lives.
Tv,) v ;".?.(' peopl-3 v.ero on hand a.? the
! '! wis et .-..rte-l to its renting place at I'ied
nont 1'ark, nn'P1 than one-third of the num-l.t-r
i-'in.' 'children. The public echool
1 '-cd hi 'ho.ior of tho bell. The special
milit.srvv.-ort was the famous Tifth Itegi
m el L'. S. I:t--udry. until recently tho
lirl! in-- commiiud of General Nelson A.
Mile;-, ti ov tivr Atkinson and his staff
. am 1 next, ,'nd then came the Fifth Regi
ment G:'ori:i National Guards, 600 strong;
the Atlanta" Artillery and the crack Gover
nor's lloi-e Guards composed of the very
flower of G vr.ui.is young manhood. Fol
lowing the military pagaeut was a long
string" ef open carriages, containing the
ni.ivors of 1'hil.i b-lpiiia and Atlanta, the
.vein ihneu's e.vort from tho Quaker
City and the l.M-alcoun- ilan d reception com
mittee tint im -bided many of Atlanta's most
proiiiiii -nt professional and business men.
At the p.-u!iylvania building tho bell wa?
halted, and, on its car. stood at the foot of
t he .-tairw.iv during t!v; progress of the cere
iv. -ni-v. The p.'iiool children and Gilmore's
I'.md v.-.-re massed on the broad porches of
the building, while on tho platform tho
orator and di-.thignished guests occupied
L-e,-it. With them v.ero many of Georgia's
most he:iutnul miids and matrens. The
front of tue building was crowded with State
au-l national colors and flags floated from
evi-rv st ill in sight.
S" Vera I thousand school children sang
"My countrv, 'tis thee," accompanied by
Gilmoro's baud. Mayor Totter King in a
f .r.-ihio cne.vh formallv welcomeni the bell.
j and Mayor Varwick repoudcd.
TI t in T.nrt: "The leeaon that is taught
us bv the cordial reception of the Liberty
I JJeli is that we are a united people, not only
I in fact, tut in sentiment, that our loyalty is
not confined within State lines, but is as
broa las the nation; that there are no limits
to our patriotism save me noracrs 01 iu
renu'olie. Mason and Dixon's line i but a
geographical div'flon that has itsplaeo on
the ehart. but not in the heart of the nation.
-1 he ..id bell has gone through tho land
Soou-jit in its silence. Its reverberations
coniiag from out the pnst are still ringing
in the ears of the people and appealing to
tl r hearts. Though its metallic tones le
;e:;d. it calls men from the anvil, the plow,
the o:Ve'ea!id the tlreside.
"In the march we pushed on to P.lehmond
and eapture I it. with no bitterness in our
hearts nor .-tc-l in our hands. We marched
through Georgia, not with fire and pword
but with love and peace. The only delays
- .-.r..Mca cin.-o u left home were
j raiwvl bv the people who stopped us to bless
He then trdd of all tne journeys Oi the relio
and oontinuingsaid: "This is not eur b-.-ll,
itivours. We but hold it iu trust for the
nation. The people of Philadelphia send it
! to von wiiiiuglv aud with all their hearts. At
! the' time of the'openiag of your exposition
i i,c-.- ..t i.vi t.int o,vtirr.l which strikes me
as being of the ereatest significance in so far
as the future of the republic is concerned.
Your directors for the rirst time on such an
ocr.-a-La gave recognition to the industrial
and educational work which has been dons
hv the black race since the war, for the up
building of this section of the country, and
no less will K- rememt-ered the eloquent lan
guage id their representative in laying down
r.i.irf.-,rm iiT.nn which both ra:es may stand
j with the untied approval of the whole coun
trv." Tht-u turning to Mis Eleanor warren
Marshall, lv grr--I her hand and the love
iv girl arose and iu-iene I to a glowing eulo
gy to her gr.a. grand-father. Chief Ju-;iee
Marshall f the Supreme Court, at whose
fjueral Tv old U-li crank, while toiling ia
bis hviior. broke. She remained standing,
her ban I i i that of Mr. Warwick who lut
o.-r b- r i-i a graceful attitude while he pai 1
tub it-to her 1'-autv as well as the rever-n--
I;e f lt f -r the da 1 hief Jntice. This
grjv.Iul act lu-c.i- 1 th : greasest enthusiasm.
Men ch -i-red nn 1 wom-'a waved their hand
ker chiefs at the striking tableau, and It was
several minut-s lefore he eoul i continue.
In hi; peroration Mayor Warwick said:
"Mnv th-ton-'.? that once issued from its
tliro'.ti-e carried across the wa.ves of the
Atlantic aa 1 give cheer and comfort to that
Uau i, the gem of the AntiUee, whr Cuban
L'l-'.:t I.I.: ; evs lii
h .-mf-l. d
hi:; vol- 1
patriots areTfctmgjfllcg to throw el the yoke
and depotism of Spain."
Governor Atkinson made an eloquent re
ply, an extract fro si which folloKss
"Standing here to-day la the Ugbt of the
nineteenth century, conscious o our power,
cup prestige and oor unity, it is the duty of
this government to do something more than
to secure the liberty of her individual citi
zens. Let us stand "proud and strong aa the
loyal and loving friend ot her Bister republic
and her sister people eu American soil and
say to the people, of the whole world that
whether you peek to intimidate the little gov
ernment of Venezuela or to impoverish and
oppress a little Hand under the shadow of
this temple of liberty, America will not be
an indifferent spectator. Great applause!.
We welcome, my countrymen, this old bell to
Georgia, and let me say to my distinguished
friend that I am glad that he has learned on
hi3 trip to Georgia that the war is over and
that he finds a loyal peopio who have award
ed to their former slaves more liberty than
they caa lla'W anywhere else on the earth,
or than was ever before awarded to an
The entire village uf Campbells," N .
Y., was burned Hutufllay night.
Thirty dr. tilings u ro consumed.
Butch Lvom was hai.-ped in the !
county jail Rt ('hi'.ruiro for tho murder
of Alfred li. Ma-(.n lut Fcbruury.
Thirty-two p rsous were killed by
the collapse of the spinning mill at
Bocholt, Wed ph ilia, Thursday.
The Alabftiiiimis formally opened
their State buiMuig at the exposition
on Friday. Gevu nor Gates mude an
At Scraulon, l'a., tho thermometer
Saturday inorniupr, registered 32 de
grees above, fleavy frud aud ice
formed on pools.
At Camden, X. J., Pilchard Ester
brook, founder of the lirst fcteel pen
manufactory iu the United States, and
manufacturer of tho Kbttrbrook pens,
died on Sat unlay.
Four men were killed and eeven
others w ere probablo fatally injured as
Ihc result of nn accident Rt the Cleve
land, Ohio, F.ollimj Mills Friday night.
The ousting house collapsed.
Part of n large building; used as a
spinning-mill iu Bocholt, Westphalia
(iermauy, collapsed Saturday and
workmen were buried in the ruins.
Several dead bo-lies have been taken
The iretk consul at Trebizond,
Armenia.. Larj sent a report to his
government iu which he says that
100 persona were killed or wounded
dr.ring the recent conflicts there be
tween the Turks and Armenians.
The A. P. A. candidates for mayor
couucilmen were elected last week at
Nashville, Touu., by about 173 ma
jority. The A. P. A's ma lo a clean
sweep after a hot and btirriog cam
paign . ' . , " ' -
The Holland radiator works at Bre
men, Tnd., wre entirely destroyed by
an incendiary lire Saturday. The loss
is fotimated'at ; 1C0, 000, aud the in
surance plnced at only $2,000.
Tho receipts of the Government for
the first ten days of the current month
aggregated $0,io7,r.08 and the expen
ditures S16.57H.000; deficit : $7,415,331.
This deficit will probably be reduced
during tho rem iiader of the month.
A poll of the House of P.epresenta
tives in the next Congress shows 216
opponents of free tiivtr coinage, 89
who favor free coinage, and 52 who re
fuse to declare themselves. Of the
free silver Hepresentives there are 51
Democrats, :J0 republicans and 7 Pop
ulists. Should the uncommitted re
presentatives all vote for free coinage,
there will ttill be a majority against it
WHY NOT I)l(i CISTKKNS?
State 'oncologist Holmes' Kecoinmeiids
Them s" Against Wells.
The Charlotte Observer'n P.aleigh
coi respondent w rites ni follows regard
ing the scarcity o cisterns in North
Curoliua: It is always a pleasure to
tiavel with that courteous and well-informed
gentleman, State Geologist
Holmes. Ihi was called on not long
ago by the owners of the Hope Milis
cotton factory, near Fuyetteville, for
suggestions as to the betterment of
heir water supply. He suggested an
artesian well. Mr. H. E. Knox, Jr.,
of Charlotte, bored this and Prof.
Holmes has a photograph showing tho
well complete, thruwiug a four inch
stream of wuter to a height of eight
feet. H forces the water 2 feet above
the ground level in a pip'. It gives a
flow of 50 paihms u minute, or with a
steam pump olM gallons a minute. In
other words, it is a great success. The
water is free-stone with a very slight
trace of sulphur. There are only 20
artesian wells in this State. The ques
tion of a supply of good drinkirg w ater
is a grave one, and Prof. Holmes will,
during the coming winter, issue a bul
letin on this question so far as North
Carolina is concerned. The water
Thich this well yields is that which
falls in the great sandhills near South
ern Pines. At Southport this same
water can be had by boring to a depth
of say 1,1 U0 feet, says Prof. Holmes.
At Hope Mills, as indeed at many of
the factory towns, and indeedjat other
tow ns in the State, there has been
much sickness this year and considera
ble mortality. The dry season haa
prevented a tlow of water in many
wells and springs sufficient to carry off
the vegetable impurities, and thia is
asrigned by Prof. Holmes as a great
cp.ust of the trouble. In this particu
lar part of the State artesian wella are
declared to be impracticable, owing to
the geological formation, but in all the
southeastern counties the chances are
pretty pood for water by this means;
much bitter than in the northeastern
counties. Prof. Holmes says he can
not understand why people in the in
terior of the State do not build cis
terns; that these cost but a trifle more
than wells and give pure water. The
only reason he can assign for the lack
of cisterns is that the fore-fathers of
these people dug wells, and that the
dresent generation simply follows the
customs of its predecessors.
O CI RHKNCE3 WORTH NOTING
Flltni ALL OVKR THE STATK.
Who Will Speak at the Fair ?
The following is a list of th" speak
ers who will make addresses "during
Col. W. F. . Green, Frankiicton
"Mission of the Board of Agriculture."
Col. Allen Warren, Greenville
"Indigenous and Foreign Grapes."
Dr. J. J. Mott, Statesville "Dairy-in?-"
Mr. r. Van Lindley, Pomona
"Trees and Fruits."
Col. JohnS. Cunningham, Cunning
lia:n 'Tobacco growing and Curing."
Col A. . Hollftday, Balcigh
"The Importance of an Agricultural
KdiicHtion to Our Boys.'
Col W. F. Massey, P.aleigh--"Irish
Potatoes an a Market Crop in North
Dr. H. B. Battle, Raleigh "Beueht
of Experiment Stations to our farm
ers." Dr. D. W. C. Benbow, Greenboro
"Peas for Green Manuring."
H. Otho Wilson, Baleigh "Irriga
tion and Trucking."
Col. 9. L. Patterson, Raleigh
"Benefit of the Fertilizer Control to
Colonel P. X. Newborne, Kinetoti
"What's tho matter with the farm
er'." Mr. Henry E. Alford. United States
Department of Agriculture, Washing
ton, D. C.
Cows and Tuberculosa.
Tho beautiful but delicate aud high
ly inbred Jerseys that ar kept closely
confined and straiued to their limit for
large yields of milk nud butter, are
tyj ical subjects for tuberculosis along
with other highly bred ones, Btich as
Guernseys, Holsteius, etc. Among
such cows there have been many cases,
as proven in Xew Yolk and other
States, where the Boards of Health
have been studying the subject. The
native animals aud grade cows, on the
contrary, are almoFt entirely free.
From a Noith Carolina Experiment
The Penitentiary Cotton Crop.
" We planted au area of 20 per cent,
more cotton this year ou the peniten
tiary f irms, " r;aid Superintendent
Lcazur, tho other day, "and from
present uppearnucea wo will gather
about the sumo number of bales that
wo sold last year. If this expectation
is realized, at present prices, we will
get in the neighborhood of $25,000
more for the crop than last year. If
the price goeu to 10 cents the increase
will be over 30,000.
T)r . Benbow, of Greensboro, is put
tM:g the Crowji Cotton Mills, shut
do-;:i for a coupla of years, in sbapo
to begin w ork, au-l 1U0 persons will be
employed. Some additional equip
ment will be put in. Fivo years ago
the co-opei-j:tivoeottou mill there was
liui-shed. It was never equipped. It
ul.-;-) is being equipped.
It is Raid that at the present moment
no less tloiu sixteen cotton mills are in
course of erection in this State. The
Holt family must bo the largest mill
owner, as it controls sixteen mills,
thirteen of which are in Alamance
county. The Worth family, of Ban
dolph, probably ranks next.
At th.3 Winston Tobacco Association's
annunl meeting the old officers were
re-eleote-t. Col. E. C. Edmunds is
president. His report showed the leaf
sales ou the Winston market during
the past year t bv 13,110,050 pounds.
No less than 555 brands of commer
cial fertilizers are ou sale in this State.
Years ago there was a license tax of
$500 on each brand. Now there is
only a tax of 25 cents a ton. Hence
the great increase of brands.
As a reward for his savine from
wreck the vestibule train last week by
informing the agent of a misplaced
switch, the Southern has given Bev.
W. II. Bryant a pass over its system
for live years.
The Winston Sentinel says the leal
tobacco business is at a stand-6till there
an tall over the State. The weather
is so dry that the Jeaf cannot be
Cotton receipts at Raleigh on Satur
day reached 100 bales, and it sold for
8.31. The banks paid out to the farm
ers on that day over $10,000 in cash.
A farmer saysto the Gastonia Ga
zette: "Last year I sold four bales of
cotton and got 01 ; this jear I sold
three bales and got 8124."
Cotton is past Ixdcg hurt tave by a
severe wind or prolonged rain. Both
dronght and frost have dons their
work upon it.
The cotton crop for Cabarrns for
this year is estimated at abont 8,000
bales 4.0V) less than that of last
It is rumored that a $300,000 cotton
factory is be built within a mile of
Fuyetteville, says the Observer.
The Buffalo thread mills at Concord
are-completed and this week begin
3 Killed and U Injured.
At rittsbnr,;. Pa.. Saaday, thr persons
were killM ontri-ht and nine others injurM
by a runaway tr.-lW -ar on the Wert End
electric lim jumping th-i track and goinir
over an embankment.
The kill-l ar Goo. Lothman. Fred Hebel,
and an unknown woman about 30 vean of
AU the doors that leal inward t
the secret place of the moit high an
doora ontward of self oat of eaall
neas out of wrong,
A Contract of the "Old South" With
the "New." Her Industrial Future
"The South" is a very large ex
pression, aud progress in the South in
dicates a movement distributed over
many states not at alt alike, cither in
natural advautiges or lately aeqvircd
enterprise. Some parts of tho South
are still very backward, whilo others
have madeadvancesof late yars which
it would be difficult to find excelled in
any other eection uf the country. Peo
ple hare become familiar with the
rapidly increasing production of th
great agricultural staple of the South.
Bet n ecu 18S0 aud 1885 the cf op kept
within C,0 )'000 bal.'s, by 18S6 it ita
6,500,iK- bales, and by close on
to 7,000,01 H). The maximum as
thought to have lw?eu reached wheD tl
crop of I K'X) exceeded 7,300,000 bales,
but that was thrown into tho tha le
wlunthe extraordinary crop of last
yeuj showed a total of nearly y,50O,O(X)
bale. The present year's crop will
be very far short of this iu quantity,
though thanks to Iho advanced price,
its value may bo fs great. Iu the
natural order of things, tho crop of
1801 will not stand long without t
rival. When Texos grows more cotton
than a'l Iho South did Kfore the war
and she is still at tho beginning of her
agricultural development, the Cotton
pro bieiug possibilities of the South
arc veiy far from being exhausted.
Hide by side with the growth of what
used to be the only source of Southern
wealth there h is been growing tip a
moie diveisititd agriculture and iho
beginning of a wide range of mtniti
facte res. It is churacH-ribtic of t lie
new spirit of the South that the cott-oii
see. I oil industry is Iho growth of the
period huco the war. A product
which wan reckoned useless in l Ul
rigtired iii 18'.') as having n nb:e,ulter
treatment in tho mills, of S'J5,s;i,MOy,
a'lil is today the baM ofnu investment
iu building and iiiHchiii'-i y of J '.O.Otii),
000. In 1SS0 the whole South pro
duced only 113,000,0 M bushel- of
grain, last year tho yield was 000,00'),-
000. The number of tons of coal
mined in 1880 was but little over
0,000,001, while 1801 it was 30,0'o,.
000. The output of pig irou in the
South iu 1880 was 107,oOO tons, and
in 1SJ1 1,500,000 tons. TheJ value of
tho product of the sancd and planed
lumber, w hich in 1880 was $10,938,000,
had risenin 1831 to $114,740,074. The
true value of Southern property ac
cording to the census returns of 1880,
was ?7, OU, 000,000; last year it was
estimated at 57 per cent more.
There are to-day some 800,000,000
invested in manufacturing enterprises
in the South, with an estimated annual
value of product of 81,000,000,000.
Of the former, about 8108,000,000 is
invested in cotton mills, or fivo times
as much as in 1880,and some $03,000,
000 is invested in lumber mills. A
recent writer on tho South remarked
that with the possession of all the raw
materials entering into manufactures,
with cheap labor and cost of living, the
industrial futuro of tho South should
be of Iho brightest. But the fact that
these resources remained so long un
developed and are now coming eo fully
into evidence argues a change in the
spirit of the people more fignilicant
than the inexhaustible bounty' of
nature. No one at all familiar with
the old South can fail to be btruck with
the resolution with which the men,
whom the war left penniless.set them
selves to repair their wasted fortunes.
While there were many that succumb
ed to the struggle, as well as many
that surmounted it, they have, as a
rule, left there some much better fit -
ted for the competition of modern life
than thev were themselves. The rapid
acceleration of Southern progress may
be due partly to an infusion of North
ern energy, but it is mamly Ihe work
of Southerners who were too young to
know anything of the war or its pas
sions, or who were born after its close.
In the hands of this generation the
South has taken its first great etride of
1 t:riitM AKi; in tarhoro.
On :ir;lay Mornliijt t Distinct Sho-k
Sunday morning at 1 1 :30, Tarboro
m.a startled by an earthquake shock.
!t tiiNt oaine in noise as a distinct
!iti:ij: of t;rtii!rry, then carne a wave
mot:..?-, that tnado tin- crockery and
!.i !; r: ttle, and then passed away as
quickly a--, it came. It frightened the
pn-pb: wry much and many started
t ru-h out of their houses with their
hil Iron when there was an end of the
Mirth lr.ske. It was notfelt at William
son, I.'ocky Mount or Wilson, but ex
tended nearly all over Edgecombe
FIGURING ON COTTON.
A Savannah Man Has Oood Reasons
for a Crop of Only n,."KK,000.
A vannah - tt-n stitisti-lnu make tat
following 6tat"ment rpectii;g the govern
ment cotton r-port just leaned:
Forthepvteixyraths crop araras
8.100.000 Val-. The condition on October
1. for fix years average 77.8. The eondl- j
tion is now riven as 5.1, which Indicate a !
crop of .7:0.000 1-aU-s, suppealfl aereaw to
1 r- up to avera?. Bat as the acreair 11 aa-
doubtMiy leas an-1 prow-ij conuaerm&iy
t". the prnt prospect la for a erop cl not
excrdi2 6 ,500,000 bale. i
la addition, frosts are much earlier tbla I
woa than th aver?, which will tend to !
make th total somewhat smaller than ths
A Pleasure Parry Overturned and
Poor Men Drowned.
A ferryman's yawl boat, ia which six per
sons were crossing the ea.-:t" branch of the
ratapsco river, at Baltimore, was capsized
and fur of its o-?cap.ats wers drown-!.
The dead are: Fred Volkmao, Jame Hot
ter, Wm. Leynol l and Harry StHnr. Tb
todies were rweo erod.
tSLF.ANINC.S FROM MAKY POINTS
Important Happening, Hot Home
rid Korean, Hrlefty ToM.
1 h Cotton Crop Is Short.
Returns to the Department of Agri
culture for the month of October
makca cotton t-how a decline of 5.7
points from the September condition
which was 70. against C5.1 for this
month There is a general complaint
from all the counties reporting, of ex
tensive damage from early rain?, re
cent drouth and ravaRCS by bollworma
mhI other insects. The crop is re
poiledi failure almcst everywhereand
the ie;d rhortened by premature
opening. Thp percentage of Virginia
is 7. and North Carolina 68, Sonfh
Carolina 01, Georgia 72, Florida 81,
Alabama 70, Mississippi f7, Louisiana
I C.I, Texas Arkanca 72, Tennessee
70, Missouri 85.
For two months a aeverely felt
drought has reigned west of the Alle
ghany mountains, extending over
Weftern Pennsylvania, Wet t Virginia,
almost the entire Slate of Ohio and iu
parts of Indiana. At many points
railroads arc being forced to htol wa
ter for thejr engines. In Lawrence.
.Mercer, anil aojoiuing counties oi
Pennsylvania farmers are selling their
Mock because of the difficulty in keep
ing cattle watered.
Nevrnv Southern Notes.
Cotbe-tt and Fitzsimmons are now in
training at Hot Springs, Ark.
Tho Episcopal convention at Min
neapolis decided upon Atlanta aa the
next place of mectnng.
The First National Bank of Alexan
dria, La., capital $50,000, has been
authorized to begin business.
At Mount Meigs, Ala., while waiting
for a train. Mi Murdock was ran
orer and killed by the fast train from
A 850,000 lire which deotroyed 50
houses was started at Cumberland,
MJ., by the careless handling of
lamp in a store.
The tobacco crop in Lincoln, Logan,
Wayne aud Cabell counties, West Vir
ginia, has auffered great damage by
frost. Tho damage thus far is esti
mated at 800,000.
At Lexington, Ky., on Thursday, in
the $5,000 Macs, Lynne Bell won the
first two and Bouncer the last three
heats. All were close and exciting.
Best time 2:10 .
Gen. Mahono's body was interred in
the family vault iu Petersburg, Va.,
in tho presence of an immense con
course. Several camps of Confeder
ate veterans attended.
At tho conference at Dallas, Tex.,
regarding the Corbedt-Fitzaimmons
fight, Hot Spring, Ark., was selected
as the location for the battle, October
31st. The authorities of tho State will
Tho scarcity of water is becoming a
serious matter with farmers in central
Kentucky. Water is so scarce and
valuable that farmers whose wells are
not dry resort to unusual means to
puveiit theft of their supply.
Thursday was the 23th anniversary
of the first attempt at Cuban independ
ence. Tho day was celebrated with
speeches, processions and great enthu
siasm at Key West, Fla. A cannon
1 mret and a negro's head waa blown
At Abbeville, Ala, while William
Saunders and a gang of laborers were
repairing the bridge across Abbey
Creek thefle work gave way, and the
ttructnrc fell, killing John Alexander
and David William, and injuring
Three-fourths of the town of Bayard,
W. Va., was wiped out by Are Thurs
day. The iw.MofTice, six bnsinost
blocks and thirty dwellings were born
cd. Among the buildings burned was
the only church in the town. The lota
is estimated at $05,000.
Farmers in Grant County, Ky., art
discouraged over the prospects of the
tobacco crop there. They- say that
Ihe crop will le almost worthless thif
year. It is estimated that the late
cold snap destroyed fully 25 per cent,
of the tobacco in that section.
The Greene County, Mo., Bank
ailed to open its doori Thnrsdsy
morning, having been ordered into the
hands of a receiver by State Bank Ex
aminer Jones. The bank is closed to
protect the stockholders. The da pos
its in the bank are sjaall, something
over $53,03'), and the cash CO han J fx
ceeds $20,0'X. Other Matte will
amonnt to over $130,100.
Democrats of Norwich, Cosa., b?t
met in convention and endorsed Cleve
land for a third term.
The Episcopal House of Deputies la
fesrion at Minneapolis, Minn., dtddti
by 53 to 37 in favor of tht ttra "Sit
Lop Coadjutor." itteal of Assistant
A Horse 1 frailly Insured.
At Waurber . '-i.u., on Bunday, a berioui
wrk of a frtl'ht iralu nrrlon the New
En?Ua l i:n!. i I. Ten loaded freight ran
were ib-uiolt-be.1. 1 hr- men wer tAjurwl
and the Ira ii t Mazeppa
Tbehorw'i said to hae t-rn
Frank Melrose, a supernumerary at
one of the New York theatres, knows
all of Shakespeare's playt by heart.