VI A IRTn'XI
a democratic; family newspaper.
MARION, N. C, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 5,1893.
rya'trant Lech er shot a man
i , u of i i-ii": f-t i meal, an J
. ": from Ivnebiu,?.
p tLe rij Dea.ocrntlc N ew? paper in
.'i.T . . I . a... 4 (iaj u la-Lie L1I-
n r. l: iiiinfr counties. It nnh.
aju u - - - - - j- -
.... !; t'-i news without fear or
r -i'.'J h cr"aa of no ricar oi
I- :a t!.c - ol i champion cf the peo-
l!' I. is, CULCCi t'j uett'-O Ui ICC
i irif.is'i oi the county of McDow-
. . 1 H. T-3
'.' - i' v n ,jI Jii'-'iun. us aaver
;; r .! : a'e v'm'-hit snd tho sub-
If to;. vrir; th5 b'fit newspaper in the
: , ; r ii-ir full of chcice rcadin-o
r r bu men. farmers tt.
;r i iu Lt e Lruie circlsa cf all
c-.,::i. If y u .b.-a't, why Just don't,
lib: ji'i'T will be printed evert
r . It. rt'.ir'al usual.
, vc i hr.-.ti t enough inter st in vom
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lir..tc4. 'i hr.ii pb l'liliinau bloti ors
:i -vtw ,,ric mul Cr'esns. via Wys-h-
M'v.;:roi:H'! v, and aNo be-N-
v Vl t Mt nu h:f, via Wa-LintOD,
- i)i:;ru i!m:a. Csrs.
' i-ti.i : 0 L':: '! i..:ts l-nst Mai:, rulimftn
.rs Lct.viCii Ailauia, SiW Orleans acd
; ;.r..i . Fxpcsi-'lon F' or. Through rull
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(Ill lln-'d: SH!'ll 'lhlT-JiOS C'Ui-
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'itu-l 12, rnlhran i-U-i i:. Cur between
1'aavjl.t- a:.d i.ictLiicro.
Trr.:c, s. ir. iiAnr.wics.
; : A-t, As't Gcii'l l'as. Ag't,
'A : g .sj.v, D. C. Atlanta, Ga.
,v I' I;VDEI:, Sr.pcri:i;c:.uent, Ciuelotte,
H ' -I.r.n.v, j. m. CULP,
'; ; t , Txaflic M'g'r,
THE WAR OFFICE REPORT.
Secretary Daniel S, Lanont on Our
CONDITION OF THE ARMY,
Th Forco ia Etco'Jent Conrlltion as 'Uc
cardg l:s:ipllao aril Health The Coa-cc.-.tration
Plan a S access Cool lla
eults o! the Tolicy of AlaaJoin
Kcerotary of T.ir Layout, in fcj3 Raanal
report, devotes cuoh soaa to r2ooiai-;aia-tions
for better defiJn'' tha coasi3 aa-1
for roraiizln th? ai-oiy form;itio:i3. Ho
h:is, also, several interesting caarter3 de?.!.
in? witii coaciQtration of troops, nul
tha a lvantasfa of tho unioa or tlia Stale aai
r:rcrriag to lbs n icoisity of coast dfeua?,
t'io 3:rj.ui-y q-iotii fro-n tho rasa-s of
iVji'd-at Ciovj'.aa I ia 1S?3 a ad pointd out
bo w, if t'ao r-3oai jo oalatioss o! Secretary
oi War En'licott h ii b-iea ado-jte I
the co:.t3 would ba fatly protect'! I
uo'v. 1? fatiiro nppropriation-i Tor t'ao
mauu'.teture oi fcun?, m-owari iva l carriaires
no Iirror th:;u th3 avO'-a-ro aatiiorir.ei lcr
tho purpo.-.3 2:a :j 13 j?,ic will r lira treaty
two yean n-.orJ to supply t'ao stvra:iai:it
of tho -i"htc'jn impor'.an; poi:U :'or
v.btca eoiiiplo.e projujt3 ?.n aoprora !.
To complete th arm:imio: f.-r thj
ports will reqniro $36,3ti.'JJ3. ; c?lii3'v of
tho l.Uaac3 Uue to Tho ii;ihlho:a Iro:i
Work? or about 5 3,5 '0,000, al :B203.'OJ
v.-ai'-'i may V rqaired for rapid-flw caai; ia
ciTiaia fori iHeation-.
For aiaJa';a:uea,.3 for Tar.s an I T.ort in,
flaisha or buil-liajr, i:),521,Oja b -a au
jfop:.a'.( i,aai approntia-ions of c'4l,C-3,0&3
will bo nqairid'io c omo'etn this w.r.:. It
i'-.'.s with Couq:a3 to cetfriaia by in a;
p.opriatious t'ao jrio.l whisin sh.iil .ao.-.a
L ;;''rj our coasts shall bs putia a s.i-icfac-tor.v
condition oi d'j.'as Tho aiaouat rs
q.iire.l for ois'au-ea porta is 'a '.out ;;S2,CD3,
COj. :iadtr.9 enliro '.vcrk caa La coaipi'Jied
viti'.iu ten y ar3.
Tea S:retary riecraaiea !s t!i3 appoint
ment o' a boi.r.1 cf- avny ortijer3to su
pcrvtSM and dlrwtthis wor. The i-jc.ctary
i-ay.s t'aa V.'atorvliet (a. Y.) srn.u fastory caa
pr.-Ia in tya yeat- ail tin ar.nam-jiit ic
q'i:iv,l '-.nlio i.roi':nt proj' .:c.
The iocihj d -part-ut for 1S07
amount to Sil..0i5.C13. Tn'j toi.il of niir.ie.l
ricn of a'.l SiM.ls on October 31 va3 '3. 70-;,
bat e-uavia : all maa ci Iur:oa.rh, sice aai
detailed to tho depart amat, tho i-:f.vtivtj
fiehl -tier.i:h of i.il ar'n soa thac d;:f.o v.3
20.&31. Ill-' (iiialily o.' tiio ;aca eau.-.i.i.l Jiai
b'ec Kc?atiy improva.l. The h-.-alth rorl of
tho at.niy for tho 3-far shor.s a drat l nuo
ou'y a fraction higher than th lowest rato
reordoJ. Alooho:is;n ao a oa't-sa cf na-efu-.'ioncy
has notably d-.jc-li.ua I ia tho past
few years. Thi t finis by funeral faurt;
martial duria - the year wcra 172?, cooipare:!
wi'h '2130 for tho previous yar; t y iui'iirior
rourls-martial 10,937, compared with 15,Oi3
last v jr.r.
Tim s -eretary rays that by far tin most
cssuntiiil noi'.l of the araiy is tho adoption of
tho thrce-batialioa formation. No lacroaso
ju the rav ilry is propose J. To ratke th-eso
changes will raqaira an ndditioaul r-rpro-rrialion
of ?1.2j0 000.
The policy cf couc-eatratini: tho army nul
abaadonin:; unuecc.isary posts, Iho S;eri
tary says, has not ouly won the approval ol
all thosa acquainted with tho lim:-5 of prog
ress whk'h conditions Lava mavlioi out for
our army, bat is approved by all thoughtful
The Seer-Jtary points out that the naaioar
of cadets a; West Point w.ts forty-.dht L'ii
than authorized by law, mainly brin of
failure on the part of ipressiatatives ia
(JoaSfes-s to malce Dominations aul ta ro
strh tive lar con--erata appoiafnests.
'l'h coalitions are favorab o to tao r
veloiiinent of a volunteer for otup.vard of
100.GOJ rafu, of tho highest pflk'ieitoy aad
prepared for aay servict-. Tho vari ry ci
weapons 'rhieh now obt.-.ins is -zo cuat
is to proc'iiidrt tho employment of censidcr
able bodies of tho mitiiia oi diivreui S:a:.?s
iiUM.ri ...i, -;;HHi)i.' '; -
Govtvam-nt dolav ac.ioa h" cr-ar taa
p- ssibilitv that VitT 'rent States will si t di -fo-ent
models of riue. lvqnirip .liftorc'i-.t
forms of axmuuitioa. tha rjn lria a cnori
Impo.ssiblo tha employment in joint a?tioa of
th'? troop.", of the difT--rent fetal".. Th SOv
retarv poir.t? out thar from C2t5.212.lSl.o3
spent on tho Mississippi T- v t improvm-ats
th6 ravit'ation interests havo recjivel liite
Venezuelan Itebt-llion Over.
Only afow guerilla bands are arrayed
aalcst the Veuezuelaa sol liers. tho ror.-du-tioa
fcavint? failed izn jmiai rasly. Conf:-dUL-ein
President Crspo is v id-"--r -ad. vlie
may extead claieaey to the rebel leaders.
SEABJABD AIR LINE E R.
New routt to Charlotte, Ralegh, Wil
miegton, Richmond, Norfolk, Wa-hing
on, Baltircore and the East. A'.s to
Atlanta, New Orleans and all points in
Texas and the Southwest, Memuhis,
Kansas City, Denver and ail points ia
be Great West.
For Maps, Folders, Tim Tables and
lowest rates write to
B. A. NEWLAND,
Gee. Trar. Pass. Agent,
Charlotte, N. C.
Leave Msrion C, C. & C. 6 41 a rn
Charlotte S. A. L. 11 50 a m
Arrive Raleich 4t GOOpra
Wilmington " 6 25 p m
Atlanta " 3 CO p m
B A. NEWLAND, T. J. ANDERiOS,
T.P.G. A. O.P.Agt
orri r;r:r.Nci: worth nothing
t'03I ALL OVKU THi: STATE.
Liable for Taxation.
Ihe I!u:!r.jad Co -a mission havehefird
the c r nj.l ,;.it of J. II. Huff, uf TJy
ii.onth, avail; t tho Koanoke Bridge
tiL'i L.!,niVH-r Co., charpiu that thej
buui'.d freight and paitD?crH without
h:tu:.e, isud tLat tLoy bad no acts of
iiifuvj.oiatioii. Ibe railroad company
d'-nied the charge, but admitted tba't
ility bud contracted tbcdr road to ono
l'aiker for the pnr oio of battling
lo-.s to thur mill, and admitted that
Tai Ler biumdf bad cburd for freight
and i.as.S'. L0a-r.s witbout Ibc-ir comseut,
and tbat th-j railn-ad cornpatiy was not
responsible for his acts. Ihe coramis-t-iuu
coiicituk-s tbat the defendant can
not be beard to say tbat it is not re
fcj.oLsiLle fur the nets uf S. J. Parker,
vbo is operating tb-3 road, tbougb be
may bave'lieeu acting ia violation of
crdern, un.1 adjudged tbut tbe defend
ant isliablti t-j all ruls and regulations
as ire.fcnbcd by the Railroad Commis
sion, und will be asisesbed for taxalion
rj otber roads fur tbe years 1S91- and
130-3, it baviu been proved tbat fares
bad been charged during both yearn,
and no tax bad been collected. Tho
,!. perry ns assessed by tbe Commis
sion tit S18,0u0, and 'lies partly in
Washington and parly in Eeanfort
comities. Clerk Brown tent the divis
ions allotod to each county.
Ibe Seaboard Air Line requests the
railroad coinu.is.-don to allow it to ship
freight over its line from Durham to
points on the Piab igh & Augusta Axr
LiGe contrary to an order given some
time ago requiring freight to be chip
ped by th- nearest route and that joint
rates khould a 10 per cent, less tbau
crdinury charges. Tbe commission
informs the Seaboard Air Line that it
is willing to do this provided the road
will deduct tho 10 per cent, when thus
shipping, so as to equalize cost.
Tho Ngw.i sr.y3 3Irs. S. C. Jones, of
Tit. Airy, kept an itemized statement
of the expense of keeping a cow for a
year. The cost was $52 and tbo.sales
of milk and butter, after a family of
seven persons were supplied, amount
ed to bl.S0. In this instance the cow
paid abandiionao profit.
The State Sunday School Associa
tion has elected as president for the
ensuing year Her man II . Home, of
tbe University. Mr. Home is presi
dent of tho University Young Men's
Christian Association. IT. N. Snow,
of Durham, was re-elected eecretary.
The Goldsboro Argus tells of tha
burning of a newly built church ct In
dian Springs, about t-ix mires from
Sev?u C3i.riiigf, whbh bad been built
jointly by thcO.lt thodiids and Tiaplists.
It was au incendiary tire. Each con
gregation ioiuierly bad its own sepa
rate house of worship and they were
both destroyed by incendiaries.
The Raleigh News and Observer says:
There arcs IS! cotton mills and that
these figures are correct; that tho gain
in live years lav been 100 pcr cent.;
that the capital invested i3 S1G,S00,
000; tbat there are 21,000 looms, 939,
000 frpiudles, 2-1, CC0 operatives, of
whom 3,000 are iu Alamance county
alone. The consumption of cotton
during the past twelve months was
The Governor orders a special term
of Supreme Court in Lenoir county,
mainly for the trial of the men charg
ed with incendiarism at Kinston.
Against several of those the grand jury
returned a true bill the last day of the
recent term of court. Judge Graham
will preside, at the request of the so
licitor, bar and county commission
ers. The Methodist Protestant Confer
ence, which closed its Eession at
Gieeusboro Tuesd-iy night, raised $2,
800 toward the erection of a $3,000
building in Greensboro, to e used for
a Mcthodif-t Protestant publishing
house. Delegates were elected to the
General Conference, which meets at
Kansas City nest May.
The Sb Uy Aurora eays that Wil
lia'.a Cobb, the champion chicken eat
er, died recently at King's Mountain
at tbe age of 91 years. He was a clever
eld man. He frequently boasted of
thegai.tronoti.tic feat of eatiugachickea
every d iy for forty yeais, or a total of
l i.GoO chickens.
North Carolina leads every one of
her ifeutLern sirter totates in tbe num
ber of cotton mills, and leads every
State in the- South in the increase of
cotton mills in the last decade. She
now has 1st cotton mills.
Tbe Self-Threading Sewing Machine
Company, of New York, is moviDg its
i.! i:.t to'K 'iuoLe Rapi bs where they
will manufacture machinery of all
The R. J. Revnolds Tobacco Com-
pany, of Winston, was awarded the
j t rize for the best tolmcco exhibit at
j the Atlanta Exposition,
j Henry Baker btat his wife to death
' in Davidson e.amty. He was under
ibe influence of liquor. -
Messrs. A. 'C. Miller, of Shelby,
and R. M. Oates. of Charlotte, are
planning the erection of a spinning
mill to contain 10,000 tpindles.
The new Lincoln Cotton Mills, near
Lincoluton, Lave been completed and
wilt s-. on le in operation.
There hi- been au increase of $100,
000 in the v dee of the real and perso
nnl property l.rte l for taxation in
Greensboro this year.
Yidle.-e, ia Burke; county. Las a new
postni'i-is-r, an Italian named Ippxdvte
At a conference of miners in Phila
delphia Friday plans were adopted to
secure an advance in wages next spring
to some 25,000 miners.
The Spanish consul at Wilmington,
Del., caused the arrest of the captain
and officers of tbe Norwegian tteamer,
charging them with violating the neu
At Decatur, Ills., Friday, C. N.
Smith, known in professional baseball
as "Pacer," was hanged for the mur
der of his little daughter Louise Smith
and sister in law on Stpternbtr 28th.
He bad tried to kill his wife but she
At Mount Sterlincr, Ky., .Friday
John Willirois and David Rose, who
were wealtbv 6toek traders of Wolfei
county, fought a savage duel to th
tleath at Hazel Green. Williams was
killed and Hfc died later. They had
a dispute ever business.
The bteamer Jcnnio Campbell struck
a snag 20 miles below Yicksburg, Mis3.,
and sank Tuesday.
Captain Lang, a British officer, has
been invited by China to take com
mand of her navy again.
C. W. Gibl-eE, buffering frcm melan
cholia jumped in a well at Atlanta
Thursday and was drowned.
A Rio Jenciro dispatch says the Bra
zilian cruiser Uranus has been wreck
ed and her command3r and live others
At the Ontario Yeterinary College at
Toronto Thursday, nn American 'stu
dent raised a Hi? in honor of Thanks
giying Day, and it caused a general,
long-.retracted, blooely light between
the Canadiuu and American student?.
All the sugar ret neries in Philadel
phia, includiagthe Franklin refine
ries, which are connected with the
sugar trud, and ihe Independent Mc
Cuun reuuery, shut 'down Wednesday
night, throwing over 2,000 men out of
Another dreadful massacre has oc
curred at Marash. Tbe American
Theological Seminary was jdundered
and burned, and two students 6hot and
fatally wonueled. Another massacre is
reported lit Aintab. Twenty thousand
Turkish toidiers are marching upon
Seitung io raze it to the ground.
About 100 wheelmen were iu the par
ado to tho Atlanta Exposition grounds
Saturday, where the races took place
before 15,000 people.
Wiiliatn 13. Clements has been ap
pointed traveling passenger agent of
the railroads comprising the Seaboard
Air Linf , with headquarters at Atlanta.
Tho New York Yt'orld reports 38
cases of flagrant crime iuvolviag mur
ders, burglaries, highway robberies,
r.rson, suicide, trolley wrecking und
eggravatc-d assault, all occurring
within three weeks in tbat city.
M ote than GO, 000 ptople were at the
Atlanta E::rc:ition on South Carolina
The tea thousand miners in Inaian
Territory threaten to strike for higher
Tho New York Central shorteneel the
time of the Empire State, express
twenty-five minutes between New York
and Buffalo. It is the fastc-ct train in
Comptroller Eokles has ordered
Bank Examiner Bnrgoin to take ehargo
of the failed Chatiahooebee National
bank of Columbus. G i. The capital
cf the bank is 10:,CJJ.
W. Hascli Wilson, president cf the
Belividie-re railroad, u part of tbe
Pennsylvania system, is probably the
oldest raiwy president in the worbl
in active service. He is 83 years old.
At Richmond, My., Miss Mary B.
Clay Saturday paid her 1-tate and
county tax and wrotes- on tbe margin of
the fheriu's tax look: 'I protest
against taxation without representa
tion." She is a daughter of Gen.
Cassius M. Clay.
There was an unusually large at
tendance of Senators wb. -n thi Fifty
fourth Congie.s convened Monday,
tbe only reror led absentees being Mr.
Kill, of New York; Mr. Lindsay, of
Kentucky; Mr. Wolcott, of Colorado,
and the two Senators from Louisiana.
According to Secrtary Lamont's
report, the United- States Army con
sists of 2 ,ooS men. o: whom 20,531
are effective for i':eld service. The total
olncers are 2,12'i. The Secretary re
puits the army in aco 1 condition as to
discipline and health, an 1 says the prst
year has been un iitturbe 1 by Indian
outbreaks or domestic violence.
Tin: di:ht statement.
The Cash in tiic Treasury Decreased
in o and a il. .if Million Dollars '
During November. The
fjinki.'i:; ieM lieserve.
The debt sta.cx-et; issue 1 Monday shoTS
a net tnsrea Lath-- re'he debt, less eash
in th- Tieasary. i;:r:'.g Noveoaber, cIS2.
CH.:C2. The mterft bc-ari,? deb: icereaed
ci00. The noa-i-trc-s: brarii debt de
ervestd ciC'SiCOO. and ca.-.h Sa the Traitrry
d-ereasi i2,511.C:i. The balances cf the
several elacies c f dc-tt at the ckso of busi
i.ei3 Xovexl-.-r C3.h were:
Interest bear hi? debt C-747,8C1,0; debt
en wLi.'-a i..:r at r.a? ci: -1 since xcatur
itv 01 670 lr0; dc .t !ciria.r no iiter
cs: ?37a.!-i"',lo7; tc-t-il 1.125,'r?3,V'-j7.
Tt.ocer.i- t-.-s an-i Tr.sary not.-s offset
byirti equii aoULt of ea,h in tne Treasury
cut-t an t;--i.: t:.e th month wer?:
c5-2 '.7 t'T !. a d -:r-.i5- ef c115.e.0. Th.
i.,t.U cah i . the Treasury r.-fe3 2i0.120.6y2.
Tee coll - rv -.-s lj.Z22,C j. 2l eash
ta'.anco r,j-'.C72.4,j. Ia tLO :r.oi.tIi tLer
w.is a dr '-.'.-.i-ia --ii i c ia and t-a of i 13.-7C2.'2-,2,
tbe t ,tnl a: the rivso bcinj c 123.M7,
213. uf suiwrthrv a ieereatf ui cl'lS,
ii'l. Of the c-arplas t.'. r was ia tatiOaal
ta'ute depe-r-it r; -. -?:t.3,2'35 .-qaius: 614,
J&U.GM at th-i - i c f taa pr?ee.lmj xaoatiJ.
nie ce etle-'s ly.
The University of Ch:eM has deeb. '. '
esiabibh an annu-.l ho.il iy, to hi k-o va is
founder's lay. In honor of JtaalX E:c
THE POSTOFFICE REPORT 1
Revenues Reflect the Country's Gen
eral Returning Prosperity.
CAUSE OF THE YEARLY DEFICIT.
rmtnm:r-jenral VlT-a Aicrlbe th
Groma Ants of 3n:l-C2as Itttei at
th CliW Keasii for tt ShorU se
ll Approves riacifl? Letter Carriers
UnJer ClTll Serrlc Kale.
Postmaster-General Wl'soo, ia hts aaaual
report of the operations of ths rostofCsa Da
partmeat. says that th flnaaeial and Inias
trial depression whle'i his seriously affeetei
the revenues of the postal service for the
past two yaars aai disapoointeJ the esti
mate of his predecessors extendai far
enough Into the fiscal year 1S33 to rnVia aa
nnusaally wile ap between revenues aaJ
expenditures. It Is Rratifj.ncr, however, to
report that a lare part of thi3 neflciency o
carrel la the first quart t cf the yar, aa J
V 3 -2':c
rosrsrASTra-GEjTEaix w. l. witsor.
that s'neethpn the r"vonu cf the depart
ment have rnfle Vl6 1 tho scenert returninz of
prosperity to the country. Ho aserit 3 the
Kross abve of seeond-siass rates of posta.re
83 tho chief cr.Tis of tho yoar!y delcit ia
postal revenues. rerc-fais aul a torsos
the rfieoumpp.dtitins of his predecessors,
Blssijll and Wana-n ikor, for aa arr.Q ! neat
of tho law in ard to tha traosportatioa of
seon-l-i'i.ass matfer, and pays:
'Jit is the cjtu'ihte of tho department that
t-'-thir is ia wehrh: of ail the matter carried
in the- mails is, under existing Jaw na I
cl assifleaiions, earriel as s:e on J -class
matter at the rate of oao cent a poind,
where it is not atnilly carried postage
free. Tho aTcrrea'.e wi?ht of s-ieond-class
matte- in the year lOi was 03.003.003
pound-?. Darin? tan Ia3t year it increase I
to over 312.0 0.001. a growth of ovur 1:1,00),
00) pounds. Dedaetia? the waiijar of th vt
whK;a is kaowa as 'oouity frte,' balD? the
matter which is cireaiated nmoas: suhseri)
free of postage la the respuetiva oua:i3
of public ition, estimate I to b 40, 82), 15
pounds, there reniaiual 265.31 i.f.Sl pouu Is,
which returned, at tha rat .f one eeat a
pound, a revenue of '2.633,143.82. Ihe
average cost to the flepartmnt o transport
ia? and handlin? this matter i3 estimated at
eizht cents per pound."
Speaking of the extension of civil service
rales to latter carriers, he says:
"Aa iadiso?nsab:e t asi3 of cool s-'rvlia
was la'd by placing the carrier fcre unler
the eivl ser.'ie svsre'n, nnl no e.Tsr s
ehouM bo spared by the department i-isure
a high :acrala in this force aai to faT.illanse
the idea auion iaiiviiual oarritrs that
as they ea'.er the serves by the iririt
system aloaf. so likewise they lo.rain ia
it by no teauM but that of the faithful
and ffScieut lieharge cf duty which de
tp.aaiis self-rpec-t aa 1 honorable living. It
is Inevitablrt that a few individanls htrj aai
there should interpret thi- fMoiiity of eai
jdoymect as a personal priii.', eneouratr
ia? slovenly s"ryire an I iasuhordination to
superior offl :ers. rather than a refonn
b:as.-d on considerations of a belter
pnblio service; and sue'f lasanes
havrt oecurrvd ant w;l doubtless
continun to oecur. even a'ter the full meai
inc: of the civil st vico syste n is ui lerstoo t
and accepted. Bat it is crHtifyinsr to reoort
that as a whole, aa I bv sae'i owrwhei nia
predominance as to make tha exception more
prominent, ihe araiy of letter carriers is
aWt. faithful, effleieat and honorable
"Th3 Postmast'T-Gearal dedreseivil ser
vic methods to e carried sriil further an i
higher la the rostoface Department. He
recommends that at lea'-t thrte of tho Ai
sistan? Po:-tmas:ers-Gearal should s eure
their office by a a iv.I s-rv.c? or ierit ten
ure, au.'. not by a politi-al t,nnr;'. 11 . re
frains fr'.ra cfTirioc a li'-:e opinion as to the
Fourth As-' stant i'oatmasrer-General. be
cause the fourth-eia8 I'ostinastTS. wrtcae
lipriointmtoi! are primarily a lotted to him,
aro yet outside of that tenure.
'fh qu stiou of e;tea tl n-r Hvil service
met hods to tne select ion of fourth-class Post
masters,' he says, "nas naturally reeivl
my attention s en I have bia atthehal
of t'nis departaiep. It i3 1 es-t wdb d'fl
cuiti s. whie-h my eirariee ns a representa
tive in Conress of A 1 ir-e coaatry district
dur.n? three chants cf Alminstiatioa
tr''axht home t me mor-) clearly
tran they m'ht appear to a tceoreti.-al
re'orm-ror to the rpre-cntative of a city
constituency. I have stulil va oas bil
jntrolu -:-d in both brasca-3 of Cjc?r-'ss in
recent yeHr?.aa-l wi jorp."ds,i?2"iKTis from
other q'narrers. but I do not 3t1 rryself able
to ria'i as yaay soreiflc romme'idatioss
on this important sa' jeet in th line of lesis
latia which has be-a prorjosel.
"Tne crier rv-ntly approve 1 by the
Pr'.- detitpr-v:d-n-.r that waei the Posttna-t"r-G
jfUfrnl shall e fai-jdante with a free de
livery orfi;e r.r.y o:n-r r.votl ' s aeh -on-sclidatioa
shall '-arry into the Sa'd 1 ser
vice at th? fr-e d"';vrry o'.2 the Postoff.ce
Der art.X'-nt raster of exrl'jvfs of the ofnee
coniolid'-'e I. ii:":u iin t taeTx-i :n aster,
leaeeepreJ a? the tferi&'iia? aul f janlatic-a
not on'.J- of a r-t'iti-r po:a! s.r icj of the pal
he and a berr aa I mere rusiaes- ike ac
counting to this !'pi-fment, but a b a vri
exte!i;ir'n of th- civil -t-rvice fysem
to Post makers. It J3 my purpose to pro-ceelunU-r
the authority of this crler is
d:s;re-:Jy as I cia. aal ia the lor.; ran as
far as ereritrnce i I jast;fy, so 3 to s.;ar
the-e eomxen table ri-vihs.
Tne oth-r p iuts 4lisia;;i ia the Post
man fr-Gneral'a rep-ort hve b-en a' s ac
t'.al'y coverol by r-ports cf the AssUtiot
Prtmasters-Ga"-r:d ani tareiU chiefs
heretofore rruiie p-i'oiic.
Carlisle's Estimates. -
j Seiretiry Carhsie Las sent Ccn?re3 sti
! raatcs subxitted ty the several ca'dnet cS
cers cf moo .-y rtquireT for coalactia the
?jvernaie..t forthj fLs-l ?ar en Mux Jane
SO, 1531. am :.::ic; to ills".0?1.072. Appro
priations male for tbe pn-sent Ss-ai yr
ea lin.? June tr), 1, a-acraati to 412,753,
264. .Vt.oh.' thi ma s of detailed estiaaates
noted are in proving harbor at Charl-stoa.
S. C. 6100.0&2: ii.r r.vm? hanxr at Giives
ton. Tex., 1 1,110,000: r .r expenses at Norfolk.
Va.i navv vard, 575.7.'0: naval ttatioa at
Port P. Ta!.S. '.. ?3oi.l?2: dry dock at Al-!-ir-.
L'.. 'ItO.WJ. thetoUl cost of whk-U
will be tl.i-A!..;bO; i ahiic building at rJvan
cah, Ga., lOO.C-CO.
TIIE FIFTY-FOURTH CONG it ESS.
Ibe KccU Rules Adopted by the
The Fifty-fourth Coasress te;aa Its vj
eion at noon Monday wita crowded galleries
and many other raaaife-statio3s of aeute In
terest ia its procecdiDs,inoladiEg, of course,
th inevitable floral decoratiocs. Thoro
were 15 new faces amoa the Saators, cot
counting Chilton, of Texa who re-occu. les
a seat he once held before by appointment,
and there were in addition 13 ro-eitvted Sen
ators to be sworn ia by Vio-vrresldeat Ste
vensoa as their uwa su veors. Of th
hold-over Senators whose terms will expire
two years front now. some of the most pro
minent, Including ha?tturn, Dnv, ll.il,
Voorhees, Vest and IVffer.
In the Ilouse of lpresentatlvye the
changes were still more markM. Oae of the
featun-s wnieh provoked comment from tho
pailene'S was the youthful appearance of
many of the nw moaiiwrs. fccveral States
have sent as rcpresi-ntntiTes mem who are
ttill la their twnti- s. Probably tvro soon
of others are under forty. Ia point of a;o,
the present U ouse is the yenst known to
the history of Americas leUiation. Tueoe
boyish appearing member?, brl.ht fa-ed, ia
tellijrent lookin.L.-, well Rrootned, well man
nered and v. eU Ures'd. college rceu mot cf
them, pre'seme 1 a strikir.? contra t ia th-lr
youthful appearance to th-ir veteran associ
ate; such as Grosvenor of Ohio, who- flow
ing white beard frives him a vencra'ue ap
pearance disproportionate to Ids ae; to ex.
Speaker Gal u-ha Grow, of Ta., hale, h van y
and vigorous, despite his seventy and odd
ears;to Calbersoa, cf Texas, now enterinj;
upon his eleventh term and other of the
House veterans, whoe political prosjt3
were not temporarily sat'tnenrci ia the No
vember tlevtlju3 cf "JL Hi: Ileid. of Miiae,
In pursuance to the unanimous decision ot
the Republican caucus, wai elected Speaker
by a vote of 234 against f5 fur Sir. Crisp, of
Georgia. The rules of tbe Fifty-first Ccn
gress popularly k:''Wu as ihe lleed rules-
were adopted for the ttovernment ia the
House for tho pr--sent.
WEEKLY ICEVIEW OF TRADE.
General Trade L'nehauscd In the
Eradstret and Dun &, Co., of New York.
The volumo cf general trade 6hcws a fall
ing off, compared with tha preceding week,
largely owicg to the intervention of the
Thanksgiving holiday, but in part to tho
Continued effect of mild weather E.ist and
South, hlorms in the central V.'est und tho
usuai disinclination of buyers to ai l to
Sto..-ks during tho closing iconta of the rear.
General trade reir.a!s une-r.anged at tne
South, with mfci caiitilee;'ile-etions la sumo ln
stanc.s improviu).', tho tcudeucy eil cotton to
move slowly, and the move-went of mcrchaa
ciioemalier than in Ou:ooi-r. Texas mer
chants report a fair movement oi notions
and fancy goods, but a check to distribution
of yroceib-s and dry OOd?.
There are 2od business faibires reported
throuhtout tho Utdied States this wee, a
sctlceabie failing tU lion; the total on we-k
before, S23. and even when compared v.t a thi
total ot.o year ago, 307.
The most etnkig industrial feature i3 tho
continued ttaction in prices in iron and steel.
Bessemer pig being oir 25 cents and ticcl
billets fractionally lower, with reactions la
prices for wire, fcheets and ether lonrs.
There is little likelihood of aa increased di
mand or a reversal of the prieo movement
prior to the mi dule of Januarj'. There is an
unproved de-mead for Loots and ehoea nt
Ealtimore, Chieairo and St. Louis aj well as
at 2ome New England manulac-tarlngeeijtrcs,
wLiitt at Philadelphia the demand is not so
conspicuous as previously.
Dry goods are quieter with tho continued
unseasonable mild weather and the revival
of the holiday trad". The strength of Cuttou
mnintains the price of cotton t'oods.
Stock e peculation at Icw York Is waiting
for the meeting of Congress and for the be
gianin'4 of tho agitation ovr tao currency
which Is considered probabio at this f.cdon.
Lank clearings ttroui;Lout the United
States amouMt'.d to cb70,00,00'J this week
and reflect rather more tea:, the custoiu'try
failing off incidental to TuaaksivinK wc- k,
tho decrease as co;n pared with tno preceding
weak amounting to 13 j-r -er.t.
The general tendency cf t .rices cf staples
continues in lino with that sbown In two or
three precediag weeks a cl- ar majority of
thof.e usuaily quoted showing decr a-.i s as
compared with tha week before notably va
ri .us forms cf sleel and iron, including
wire, hi ief, live stock, wdv-at, Hour, Iudiaa
cora, oats, pork, lard, coffee, p-trohurn and
print tiuths. Practically une-hanged quota
tions are announced for lumber, co.al, leath
er, naval stores, laf tot ajco, fcuar and
wool. Tho more conspicuous advances ap-
tear to bo confined to whea, l- centra
ushel; cotton 1-8 ccct3 a pound, and s'-mo
of the cheaper grades of paper fcpjck, frae
tionaiiy. Tlie C. Y. V.
Th Cape Fear Ya lkin Valley Itadroal
llsect-n N. C. northwest and fouth-a'-t,
from the Eiu II: Ige to the chief a- aport, and
traversing part of the pie lmoiit, cotton, na
val stcre and b. .'r M-ctlor.p, with branch's
toMalL-ou aad li 'na'-tta ili -, K C :s ap
proaching a cri.-is ia its hi.-tory, wh. h is
awsitod by its frlead3 w.th iff p unil-ty lis
tinaeial troubles not 1 ii.ee forcM it
icto the han L of a receiver, sad this :.' -tariiy
temporary arranein'.t is aXUt to
giveilacfjto a sal" ariu r"-.r."an;7.atJ"n of
thoToa-1. two plans for which ar bubir.itt- d
to the stockh'.liers. 'Oaj coLtnmplV.-s tho
prde of the liae ia lt -nUr-ly, a-.d :s crrddM
to the Iii!t:-T;ore II Ohio V. iriroad Com; M.y,
beingthe j !an sLmittel by tbe "15 litiT.ore
c.mmitt. e." li.o ether proposes to a3"ord
cspitilisfs an opportunity to p-trcha?" s ih
d:vi-ion or di viri- -i:s of tne Cape Tear ic Yn-1-kia
Vrtii-y Ilailroal a.j tL-y e.ay -ie-t, ai.1
amounts to a practical uimcu:itra.2nt and
lisiLt-ratioa of tne system. ,
Silver Nenutors Confer.
A confT-nec "f r-nvor3 favorable to th?
fre coinage cf tllve r ?-is held Ilonday, at
W.-ii-Lirgton. Ihre wre pr-s?..t about 13
Senator?, ir.i '. j up of E -pa'dicau, Lemo
er.it and 'iii--t. Ironir.-nt ate or x
the e wer-f T'.r, S:ewarr, Caii, All n, Ibl
n.an a-d Mattel. 'Iu-. eor.fcr-E' e was :iiiid
for the pi.rp .s; of -iiat.r;;r tnoe fv.rit
iiver todis -u.'s the sui'x-t Loan informal
way. Nj tlf .rt was m li to ouiitte a for
rr.ai plai of eaTi; ai-rn. The spirit that aii
tho.e r-v-it f-a-oire'l that they intend
t kcp up in lU'ht ia the H-if! as vigor
ously as thyLatein the iast.
Wants to He a Notary.
Mrf. N'aic- G. Eobinsoo, a woman attorcy
cf Cuieianatl, liftitut'jd a proeel!D5 ii
man lam us la the aprrne court ft&tar lay to
compel Governor 3IeEUl-y to 1-su her a
commission as a notary public JJ s Eobin--on
had a confer-:' w.;h private Secretary
Loyi, who Issuej the r.-rtia"at-J., tut h r---;us-d,
atir,cpon th ad vie c f Attorney
G-r.eral l:.:hrd, who dn?.ei tbatth law
plvir.g woa'a th ribt t- vote in school
tleciion diinot -ivetaerntbe nUttoa.t
as attarie. Tb uit is inrneby ail trou;:ht
to teet the mutr.
Jjnr pa".b-rs nt mrJ'.dl , rn sre b
Ir.ssH' talons the C du-nl.'a Uirer in Or--'-. u
Jh (lull r -a.'-r to tay t b-o, raynit
shl?Iiasf3abi-d. It s not knoa trhy
Ihry are so anxious to ?-t then.
H-rrie- wer tcTer tr, pVulif. I off lis
Massa-husetts eo.at as iJ.Ij s -j -a. aai th
catch s-j far has been i.aeaoca?s&liy lartf.
GLEANINGS FROM 31 ANY POINTS.
Important llappeninss, Both Horn
and Forrixn, Briefly Told.
Newsy Soutracrn Notes.
December 11th has been set apart a
Florida Day at tho Atlanta exposition
Fire destroyed four tenement house
in KEoxville. Ttnn., Wednesday. Lo
A petition will be presented to the
Kentucky Legislature asking legisla
tion for the confinement of inebriates
in an avlum instead of in Jails ud
The schooner II. S. Lanfair, from
Baltimore to Jacksonville, struck the
jetty at the latter city Wednesday and
turned over. Her cargo waa oil and.
The entire issue of $16,500,000
Central of Georgia Railway 5 per cent.
50 year consolidated bonds Las been
cold, tbe unsold portions being taken
Wednesday afternoon in New York bj
a syndicate of prominent bankers there
and in London.
Griffin Johnson, you d pest son of the
late Major General Albert Sidney
Johnston, the famous Confederate
chieftain, died in Los Angeles Cab,
Wednesday night from hemorrhage of
tbe brain, superinduced by a fall which
he received a few days ago.
The exposition management has set
apart December 12th aa Tenneasee
Centennial Day; December 11th as
Chattanooga Day, and December 17th
as Farmers' Day. Thcso will be three
great events, and it is expected im
mense crowds wilKcome on those days.
Northern News Notes.
Governor Flower, of New York,
thinks there aro SI 00, 000, 000 in gold
hoarded throughout tho country.
Chicago will probably raise a guar
anty fund of S70.000 to gcttheRepab
lican National convention.
It has been decided to remove the
body of Gen. W. S. Hancock from
Xorristown, fa., to the Arlington
A man at McArtbnr, O., who spoke
disrespectfully of a woman, was ridden
on a rail and then tarred and feather
ed for the improvement of his man"
The Chesapeake and Ohio is to build
a new depot at Richmond, Va., to cot,
with improvements, 52.000,000. It
-wid be located on North Mai a street,
just below the old fit. Charles Hotel.
Charles Bauer, a Sullivan county,
N. Y., farmer, re&iding at Beaver
Brook, was in a ttall untying a cow on
Monday when she caught him on her
horns and tossed him into a stall oc
cupied by a horse. The latter kicked
Bauer to death.
Secretary Smith claims to have saved
$71,000 in the printing of the Patent
A clerk and three colored laborers
bavo been dinmiscd from the Treasury
Department for the theft of obsolete
internal revenue stamps.
Mrs. Mary Ktan, eU-pmothor of
Archbishop Kcan, rector of the Catho
lic University, at Washington, was
found deed in her room in Baltimore.
She had, apparently, been dead about
thirty mx hours.
A synopsis of the report published
of tho Nicaragua commission bhows
that the commission does not think
that tbe canal can bo built for the sum
estimated by tbe company 69,863,
CG0. Tbe provisional estimate of the
commission is placed at $33,472,893.
Certain fcaturc-H of the plan of con-i-tructioa
are declared to be impracti
cable. They kay more time should be
taken in making pbytical and topo
graphical examination, And for that
puipohe, they recommend sn appro
priation of SO.0,0'JO.
Alexandre Duraaa, the noted novel
ist, died at his homo in Paris on Wed
Two hocks of earthquake were ex
perienced in tbe southern part of Bui
gar. a Wed nedi y morning.
Minister Terrell intends demanding
of tbe Forte aa indemnity for the de
etruction of rab.i"n buildings at Har
root, as soon as details are known.
The Chinese government has created
a M-parate. legation iu I'aris under the
administration of King Lang. Tho
chamber of deputies tas votid 5,000,-
fracs for establishment of addition
al consular poets in China.
STATE NEWS DOTS.
An electric plant of 1000 lights will
le installed by the Henrietta Cotton
An indication of the benefit a rail
road may be to a city is shown by tbe
amount of money which tbe Southern
Com- any pays to it employes in and
near Charlotte. Tbcs men receive
fully 820,030 per month, or 3249.000
per y-rar, mot of which is spent io the
city. Under such circumstances it i
nr. won Jer thst eommanitie bavo rca-
j son V encourage the coa-trtiction of
! r-iilroa 1 shops and the etablishmer.t
of tcricitial in their tnideL
Veivf Ooli Cotar la C':romls.
If th rte of o'uo eoaticaes at ti
L'ii'.e ! S:stea M nt a it bxs bi?a goinv, tbU
v.-iur will b r '-Wt.' on for OtUfbrnls.
A'.reaiy c-ar'y fi.W.M of ? l has bvr
e-dnelsia-M January 1, aat Ir? fore January
I. ih aioact will prbly o cir S4.
Iher hs br-ii also a"out 21.50'.
tiO of silver coiced.