A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER DEVOTED TO THE BEST INTEREST OF THE PEOPLE OF McDOWELL COUNTY.
ESTABLISHED 1896. MARION, N. C., THURSDAY, JAN. 27, 1916. VOL. XX—NO. 22
INCOME TAX LAW VALID
The Supreme Court In Unanimous
Decision Sweeps Aaway
Washington.—The income tax has
been declared constitutional by the
supreme court in unanimous decision
which swept aside every contention
raised against it and, in the opinion
of congressional leaders opened the
way for increasing the tax rate on
great fortunes to help pay for nation
Proposals are pending in Congress
to tax incomes more than $1,000,000
as high as 50 per cent. Leaders on
all sides agree that outside of the im
petus which the decision today will
give such proposals is likely to come
a definite movement to levy on the
revenues from great private fortunes
for some of the millions the govern
ment must raise to carry out the army
and navy increases.
“The supreme court’s decision has
absolutely unfettered the income tax
as a source of revenue,” said Repre
sentative Hull of Tennessee, author
of the law. “All doubt is removed
and congress Is left much freer to
act. I believe congress will take ad-
v^antage of the opportunity to amend
the law materially. Without any un
usual or unjust charges it can be made
to yield $185,000,000 to $195,000,000 a
year, as against $85,000,000 or $90,000,-
000 at present.”
Representative Hull is preparing
amendments to carry the tax to in
comes below $1,800 and make graded
increases in the sur-taxes on incomes
exceeding $20,000 a year.
So far, the problem of raising the
revenue for national defense, although
approached from many angles, has not
been carried toward any definite solu
tion, because with the constitutional
ity of the income tax undecided ad
ministration leaders were reluctant to
place too much dependency on it.
In its decision the supreme court
construed for the first time the Six
teenth Amendment to the Constitu
tion under which the tax is levied
and gave it the broadest interpretation
possible, rejecting suggestions to
confine its scope to narrow limits.
The decision was announced by
Chief Justice White and was rendered
In the appeal of Frank R. Brushaber
from the action of the New York Fed
EXPLOSION KILLS FOUR.
Several Are Missing, Others Are In
jured at Buffalo.
Buffalo.—Four persons are known
to have been killed, several are miss
ing and four were injured in an explo
sion that wrecked the plant of the
Kelker Blower Company, manufactu
rers of planing-mill exhausts and ven
Charles Kelker, head of the firm,
said that from 22 to 25 employes
were in the plant and that 21 of
them had been accounted for. Mrs.
Helen Kell^sr, his wife, had both legs
blown off and probably will die.
The building occupied by the firm
'Was a long two-story frame structure.
The explosion demolished all the walls
letting the roof down on the ruins
which caught fire. Pieces of the foun
dation were thrown hundreds of feet
and the concussion smashed nearly
every window glass within the radius
of a block.
"Pure Advertising” For Virginia.
Richmond, Va.—The lower branch
of the Virginia General Assembly
passed the “pure advertising” bill
which makes it a misdemeanor for
any person, firm or corporation to
publish a deceptive or misleading ad
vertisement and provides for this of
fense a fine of from $25 to $250, or
confinement In Jail of from 10 to 60
days or both.
Asks Americans to Behave.
El Paso, Tex.—Gen. Gabriel Gavira,
commandant of the Carranza garrison
at Juarez, presented to the military
authorities here a request that a
United States soldier named Harrison
be punished for having fired on and
wounded a Mexican civilian. At the
same time representiations to Z. L.
Cobb, United States customs collec
tor here, were made that American
cattle thieves were stealing cattle from
Mexicans south of the border. A de
mand was made that they be appre
hended and punished.
Court convened Monday after
noon with Jud^e M. H. Justice, of
Butherfordton presiding:. Several
cases scheduled for trial for the
first of the week were compromis
ed and others continued and hav
ing run out of work by noon Tues
day court adjourned until Thurs
day morning. The following cases
were disposed of:
W. G. Lavender vs W. F. Owens
et al, judgment for defendant.
Wm. F. Scott vs T. T. Adams
W. M. Hess vs C. C. & O. Rail
way, plaintiff takes nonsuit.
Roscoe Shuford, Admr., vs T. T.
Adams Co., judgment for plaintiff
Sallie Dobson vs Southern Rail
way Co., judgment for plaintiff for
$125.00 and cost.
Swann vs Gardin, judgment de
claring the defendants the owners
of the M. B. Gardin farm.
The following cases were contin
ued: McKinney vs Hoppis, Hemp
hill vs T. T. Adams Co.. Troutman,
and A. Blanton Grocery Co. vs
By using lime generously North
Cove could lead in growing clover,
wheat and potatoes. Yet while
other sections used lime the past
season with success she used none.
Look to your colors. Someone has
asked if all are Democrats up there
as they seem to be “watching and
waiting” for the lime plant to start.
The latest information is that they
will deliver the goods about July 1.
Other sections will have to hustle
now to beat North Cove on clover
as practically every farmer will
sow some this spring.
A large number were present at
a recent meeting of the Glen wood
Farmers’ Union but were disap
pointed that the speakers of the
day. County Organizer Thomason
and A. Morgan, failed to be pres
ent. This local is doubtless the
largest in the county and could
easily do some good work in com
munity development. Here is
much good land, naturally fertile
and well suited to clover. The pro
gressive members appreciating this
fact will sow clover this spring.
In the moonlight schools con
ducted in Rutherford county, 287
members were enrolled. Henriet
ta led with 100. At Cliffside there
were 76 and at Rutherfordton 45
were enrolled. Rutherford county
stands among the banner counties
of the state in moonlight school
“The Bohemian Girl.^’
When “The Bohemian Girl,” all atar
revival, comes to the Auditoritim, Ashe
ville, on Friday, February 4, we will
have an opportunity of hearing the
world’s favorite comic opera with the
greatest aggregation of stars eyer heard
before in one company in this county.
Of “The Bohemian Girl” little need be
said, its praises have been sung in every
civilized country on earth and its fa
mous numbers, such as “Then You’ll
Remember Me,” “I Dreamt That I
Dwelt in Marble Halls,” “The Heart
Bowed Down” and Bliss Forever Past,”
as well as its beautiful chorus numbers
are known wherever music exists. In
spite of the fact that for years good,
bad and indifferent companies haye
hacked away at this beautiful opera, its
popularity has increased year after year,
and it stands today acknowledged the
world’s greatest comic opera. ad
NEWS FROM THE COUNTY
Brief Mention of Some of the Hap
penings in McDowell County—
Items About Home People.
Thompson Fork, Jan. 24—D. C. Brown
and son, Yanulas, of Glenwood spent
several days here last week.
I. H. Gibbs and Pat Gibson attended
the Fiddlers’ convention at Morganton
the latter part of last week.
Thomas Cuthbertson made a business
trip to Morganton one day last week.
Mrs. Ella Simmons spent one day last
week in Mariou.
Mrs. Sam Tate, who has been on the
sick list for some time, is improving.
Clayton Jaynes visited his grandpa
rents at Sevier the latter part of last
Dallas Rowe, who has been engaged
in work in Virginia, has returned home.
Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Cuthbertson spent
Saturday and Sunday in Morganton.
Tom’s Creek, Jan. 24—Mr. and Mrs.
Bulo Gortney of Yancey county has
moyed to the N. A. Riddle place.
Mrs. Elizabeth Hall of Sunday is visit
ing her daughter, Mrs. N. A. Riddle.
James Lackey of Florida visited home-
folks here last week.
N. A. Riddle has returned home from
an extended visit in Yancey county.
Charlie Ward has moved to the Charles
Corpening farm on the Catawba river.
Miss Mattie Lou Hensley spent Sun
day with her cousin, Miss Lena Hall.
Miss Alma Godfrey spent the week
end with Miss Zelda Hensley.
The roads are very bad on Toms creek
Come on. Red Top; don’t stop because
Toms Creek has come in.
Fairview, Jan. 22.—School is progress
ing nicely here. The Literary Society
met Friday and elected the following
officers; Callie Anderson, president;
George Dobson, vice-president; Emma
Toney, secretary; Jfessie Dobson, treas
urer. A very interesting programme
was rendered. The subject for debate
next Friday is “Resolyed, that the horse
is more beneficial than the cow.”
Mr. and Mrs. C. Y. Mode and little
son, Floyd, of Glenwood, spent several
days last week with Mr. and Mrs. D.
Miss Rosa Houk spent Saturday and
Sunday with humefolks at Marion.
Frank Randolph was in Marion last
D. W. Dobson and George Dobson
spent Saturday in Glenwood.
Fred Houk was a visitor here Sunday.
Wooder Randolph spent Friday in
The farmers are plowing some these
Ashford, Jan. 25.—Rev. E. Simpson
preached a very interesting sermon Sun
day, Jan. 23. After the sermon the
gentlemen held a church conference
while the ladies organized a Ladies Aid
Society. About eighteen members were
enrolled with Mrs. J*. C. Connelly, presi
dent; Mrs. J. S. Brown, vice-president;
Miaa Ethel Wilson, secretary, and Mrs.
M. Connelly, treasurer. The first meet
ing will be held at the home of Mrs. J.
C. Connelly, Feb. 26th at three o’clock,
p. m. Let all the members attend and
brins: someone with them.
Miss Ethel Wilson of Old Fort spent
the week end with homefolks.
Miss Estelle Wilson is sick with la-
grippe at her home at Nebo. Mrs. W.
J. Brown is teaching this week in her
place. We wish for Miss Wilson a
E. E. English made a business trip to
M. C. Ciddwell is in Asheville this
week on business.
Mrs. Ellen Dockery of near Greens
boro, with her two little daughters, is
visiting at the home of her brother, J.
Louise Brown of Woodlawn spent the
week-end with homefolks.
Harry Caldwell spent Sunday with
his parents, Mr. and Mrs. M. C. Cald
Mrs. H. S. Brown is with her daugh
ter, Beatrice, at Burnsville, where she
is very sick with pneumonia.
Mrs. J. S, Brown was shopping in Ma
Miss Jeanette Hensley was called to
Lincolnton Monday where she will nurse
a sick lady.
Quite a number of the people of Ash
ford are attending court in Marion this
There will be service at Concord
church Sunday morning at 11 o’clock by
the pastor. Rev. E. Simpson.
W. B. Bailey, Farm Demonstrator.
It is often said that a certain
field is too poor to grow clover,
and yet almost everyone who has
observed closely has seen fine,
thrifty st^ks growing on poor,
washed off galls. From a careful
study it would seem that if the
baby plant can get well started it
will make good almost anywhere,
that if we can supply proper con
ditions for the tiny clover success
is assured. And what does the
tender legume need to make it
grow into a vigorous nitrogen
gatherer? Inoculation, lime, phos
phorus and moisture are often
lacking. Of course a broadcast
application of 1 to 4 tons per acre
of ground limestone is best but if
this has not been done the follow
ing plan makes good:
Get clover dirt, dry it in the
shade and sift or screen out rocks,
clods and trash. Mix this with the
clover seed and basic slag, if it
can be had, and drill all thru ferti
lizer hopper. Of course it must
be on firm ground or seed will be
too deep. This puts seed in a
small furrow where they will stand
more drought and cold than when
sowed broadcast. The clover dirt
is put down away from the sun
and in close contact with the seed,
making inoculation certain. Do
not use less than one bushel per
acre, more will be better. Acid
phosphate should not be mixed
with the clover soil as it will kill
the germs. On the other hand,
basic slag, which contains lime and
phosphorus, can be mixed directly
with the clover dirt and will prove
a great help to both germs and
clover seedling. As slag comes
mostly from Germany there is lit
tle to be had and it will cost over
$20, except from W. B. Gibson,
Statesville, N. C., who has a few
tons at $18. Bone meal contains
lime, phosphorus and ammonia and
can be used instead. Next choice
would be a mixture of land plaster
and ground limestone or either of
Last fall G. C. Conley planted
clover by this plan and it is a per
fect success, tho clover had never
been grown on the land before and
the field was so poor the wheat
crop last summer was not worth
harvesting. No lime or fertilizer
was used. T. W. Wilson planted
by the same plan October 22 and
his is is doing well in spite of the
very late sowing and severe winter.
Red clover can be sowed success
fully this way on wheat if the discs
are set lightly. If land has been
well limed, inoculated and ferti
lized seed can be put in almost any
way with fair success, but lacking
these it will be well to drill as
above. Seed is high and we can
not afford to risk losing it.
The Taylorsville Scout hears that
Prof. A. T. Allen, a native of
Alexander county and superintend
ent of the Salisbury graded schools,
will be a candidate for the Demo
cratic nomination for State Super
intendent of Public Instruction.
STATE NEWS OF THE WEEK
Items Concerning Events of In
terest and Importance Through
out the State.
The big power dam at Granite Falll
is almost complete.
Asheville city commissioners liavi
appointed a smoke inspector.
Fifty moonlight schools are ii
progress in Pasqoutank county.
A new furniture factory at HigI
Point will manufacture dining roott
and library tables.
The home of Judge Frank A. Dan
iels, at Goldsboro, was damaged abouj
$5,000 by fire of unknown origin I
few days ago. The loss was covered
Old Gold and Black is the name p|
a weekly paper that Wake Forest non
claims. The paper is printed ever|
Saturday by the Star Printing ConH
pany of Wake Forest.
While In the act of dressing fo|
breakfast. Miss Napier, a wintBr toiul
ist at Hendersonville, from New Yor^
found her clothing on fire and can^
near being burned to death.
Material Is being placed on th|
ground at Forest City for the erection
of the creamery, which has already ba
gun and the building is expected to b4
completed by the first of April.
Experiments to determine the valut^
of the soy bean as a hog fattener hava
just been completed at the EdgecomU
test farm, and according to the statia*
tics compiled results are favorable.
The High Point city council voted
to reduce the price of electricity tq
consumers in that city from eight ti
six cents the kilowatt, which Is sai(^
Lo be the cheapest electricity In th4
With Dr. T. J. Henderson of Cha^
tanooga, Tenn., presiding, the stocl&
holders of the Southern Baptist Am
sembly met at Ridgecrest and adopti
ed practical plans for the enlar^^*
ment of the assembly grounds.
The sale of Red Cross seals in WU*
mington nearly reached the 100,00(1
mark, according to announcement
made at the meeting of the Red Cro^s
Society of that city. The exact figures
were 95,440 or 3,000 more than
A movement is on foot to establisli
a canning factory in Elizabeth City.
Messrs. Foreman and Derrickson ot
the Foreman-Derrickson Veneer Com^
pany are behind the movement whlcb
means that if definitely undertaken
the plan will be put through.
Mrs. Minnie Reese, who lives neaf
Canton, has received a cablegraiq
from officials in France, stating tha
her son, Baxter Franklin, twent;f
years of age, has been killed in tU4
trenches while fighting with the Catf«
adian contingent of the Allied troops,
The noted hunting preserves of 8,00l
acres of territory in Dare county has
been purchased from the widow of thi
late Senator Reyburn, - of Pennsyu
vania, by a party of North Caroiin^
sportsmen. The property is value|
$25,000 and the trail of the deer]
bear and other wild animals make U
particularly desirous grounds to sporl
Garland Hoover Wins Scholarship
in Ninth District.
Garland Hoover, of Caldwell
County, won the scholarship in the
Ninth District offered by Congress
man Dough ton. Garland made a
yield of 125.8 bushels on his acre
at a cost per bushel of 22.6 cents.
The acre yielded him a net profit
The scholarship which was of
fered to the boy making the best
record in the district is worth $50.-
00 and is given on condition that
the boy is ready to enter the Agri
cultural and Mechanical College
the following fall.