L. M. BKAJL.E, Ed
"la E-ntiala l'n.;v I:i No:. lH nti i!.-
AS: Things Chant v "
: ") Per Vr;
POTECASI. NORTHAMPTON Co., N. ( , MAY 24, ls8.
to i m
Pope Leo has ordered that the walls'
around the Vatican palace at Rome be !
heightened. High buildings have been
erefed in the neighborhood which
overlook the -garden in which the Pope i
takes his solitary iailv walk.
Buffalo is about to build a drivewav
tUt whole twenty-seven miles to Niagara
Falls that is meant to be t he handsomest
in the world, and the local papers have
a liveiy fightas to whether or not he
shal. be styled "th Boulevard."
A Swedish farmer has hit upon fhe
idea of lighting his farm by electric
lights, and ha purchased a dynamo and
connected it with a waterfall close by.
He intends also to employ it for working
threshing machines, and for similai
It is reported a stock company is being
formed which expects to control the en
tire sorghum crop of the country through
the use of a new patent process. This
company claims to be able to produce
sugar from sorghum cheaper than cane ! ?"g , Ty noaS et S0In
t jj-i- - ' from sunrise to sundown at an easv,
sugar. In addition to the sugar works swinging gallop that brought no dijj
now at Fort Scott, Kan., the company, comfort to the rider, and at a rate of
during the summer, will erect three new sPeec- not much slower than the average
factories, one of them in Topeka. - ' frf ght ?ia ia An?erica. Uninterrupted
1 i rides of from one hundred to one hun-
' dred and twenty miles are nothing to
the Thoroughbred Turcoman, and it was
Wichita, Kan., resorted to a unique due much more to the excellence of his
measure to reduce its tramp population, ! 8t,e?1 th?n 8tujdy bravery and love
which preriously seemed incapable of
diminution. Two freight cars were
hired and, after filling them with the
stern opponents of work, they were at
tached So an east-bound train, several
guards going along to prevent any of the
on the living load of freight were paid
for fifty miles.
The rapidiy growing popularity of
savings banks in the South, remarks the
Memphis Aralut he, is the best proof
which could be given of the solid founda
tion upon which its prosperity is based. A'
few years ago there were not half a
doen of those institutions south of the
Ohio Kiver. Now there are several in
every one of the larger cities. They are
all doing a good business, and it is
daily growing in volume.
Tn Philadelphia, reports the Xew York
Graphic, there seems to be discontent in
regard to some statuary, as in other
cities. A statue representing "A Lion
ess Carrying a Wiid Boarto Her Young,"
designed for a public park, has been crit
icised as "too sanguinary, 'as ' likely to
have a bad effect up in children," and as
inappropriate. One critic said "he would
rather see more statues of -the early men
of the country, instead of filling th
park with men on horseback all dressed
in the same .uniform."
An ingenious writer has been figuring
out in the Contemporary Rsri c the com
parative burden of the natiocal debts
and war expenditure of the chief
European nations and that of the United
States. Taking France and England
together he shows that the pay some
$407,000,000 a year on their public
debt, and $340,000,000 for army and
navy, - besides giving up to- military
service the productive energy of T:J0, "
able-bodied men. Estimating the value
ol this labor at $100 ei- h. there is an
'other $7;,000,000 . to bo added to the,
annual charge which France and ling
land pay for thgir armies, navies an i
debts. This, it will be seen, reaches the
appalling total of $n.m,m0'VVK to l
paid by a p?pulati:n only Z per cent,
greitcr than that of the United States,
and one cvrtainly very much ies able
to bear such a bur" den. As againt
this we pay a little more thin $lou.0. .
000 a year for army, navy and deb:,
leaving $670, 000,001 a year in our favor
as compared with France and Eneland
together. That, under such condition,
this country must go ahead in the race
for world supremacv as rapidly and as
6urely as European nations must fall be- j xceprioca! case, dictated more by pol
i;nd nd no nrnnhet. to foretelL 1 icy than a lore of gain. - Cumo.
HORSES IN THE ORIENT
BEM ARK ABLE FEATS AND TBA.IN
INO OF THE TURCOMAN STEED
I'ninterrnptfMl Rides of Over lOO
Miles a Common Occurrence
Preparing Equine for a Itaid
On hi native heath the Turcoman
horse can't be beat. Some of the feats
: accomplished by him sound almost in
i credible; and jet they are true as gospel.
., I saw a Turcoman horse in Teheran th-.it
j had once belonged to a chief of the
! Tekke-Turcomaus. and had been cap
tured on the raid during which his
master was slain. This horse, standing
, eighteen hands high, with broad, flat
hoofs, and of an iron-gray tinge, was the ,
scion of a long line of remarkable an
cestors, each one famous in the tradi
tion il. .songs of the desert. II is name was
liirj dar lieKinht (Ligntning from
Heaven , and he deserved it. Poor old
; Lutf Ali Khan, his dead master, ha i once
'successfully conducted a raid into
I Khorasaan, a distan e of two hundred
miles from the Turcoman border line,
riding Barg all the way. During the
four days of this raid spent on Persain
territory the horse ha d made one hundred
and fifty miles in one day, only once
diking a few mouthfuls of water and
Turkestan, the Tekkesand Ufcbeks, were
able to maintain the r independence for
so many centuries, although they were u
ceaseless go-"d in the sides of their neigh
bors, the Persians, Afghans, Chinese and
But the training of these horses is
something remarkable too. .JLet, us sup-
pose tnat Mohammed Izzet halm, the
young chieftain of the Uzbek?, is medi
tating a raid into Persian territory. His
larder is t mpty and his harem needs re-
Elenishing. His de-ert home will give
im nothing but fleet horses, herds of
cattle, and what they yield. But there
is Persia, jut a few days' journey o:i,
with its fertile valleys, its rich trad and
pretty women: and, since it is inhabited
by a race of infidels sSheeites, while the
Turcomans are Suuuites), it is r glr co-is
and profitable as well to despoil them.
So the youthful Khan thrusts his Iool'
spear into the turf next to his tent, and
one of his dependants at the same time
proclaims in a sonorou3 voice that Mo
hammed Izzet Khan, a pillar of the Tekke
tribe, a young lion whoe courage never
faded, and whose prey never escaped, is
ready to go forth on a cru;ade against
the unbelieving dogs, the Farsees, wor
shippers of false apostle of Allah. Th
field, will be taken against the indde'.s at
the time of the next new moon and all
those wishing to j oin him, to swear alle
giance to him, bee .me hi true comrades
in arms and share in the spoil?, may c6xe
forth with n five days.
The raid is arranged. Some one hun
dred and seventy younmen of the io'
(nomad village pledge their faith to the
chieftain, and then two weeks ' are left
to make everything ready. Now is the
time to put "the horses through their
peculiar training. Every one of the
raiders needs two, one to ride, one to
! carry his baggage and to mount in case
'. his own horse is disabled or killed. All,
tvac hores are put for a few days to a'
laxative renim- n, and then the tool and
water allowance of the horse is gradually
reduced to inure him to privation. For
two days before the departure' the horse
is fed exclusively on bills of highly con
centrated food, the two principal in-
gredients of which are suet and si:te l
barley flour. This pjts the hor-e in
first-class condition. His coat be .m-s
glossy, and his eves gain in mimit.on
Thus he starts, and, during a rc:.; last
ing often five or six davs, the aaiu.ai ;b--ists
on nothing buf the tough, wiry
buftalo urass that grew-! w:; 1 :ml a
drink of water .ace in a long wh:!-.
Hi- rider retu-ns t- his - , la len
with p il and with a fair n-w iumite or
two for his harem a.l due to- th" etra
ordinary speed, frugality and en h;ra-v e
of hi charger. Is it any wonder that
the Turcoman values his h .r-e higher
thin anything else on carta and that th-
In-: h res in Ti-rketa:i cannot b-s p
eh.ised.' C'aes have
where an imprisoned Turcoman, one.-ed
life -Kid l.berty in exchango for j is: on
piece of ransom his horse has in i g
nantly refjsed. and s tillered torture an i
death" rather than give i:p his cherish-1
idol to his hated a:.d HMpis-d enem.e.
the l'ersiaa. A noted Turcoman sta. -ion.
l'amagh T-heshme. was re-nt1y
sold to the new iovernor of Huss an
Turkestan for an immense sum, viz.
tifty -three th usan i roubles .tweaty
fT(n thousand dollars . but this was aa
Whf Bain Does Not Kail Equally in
All I'l. ces
We have learned t..it rain is caue 1 '
by the coolirjg an 1 toa ien5 iliou of the
moisture in the Air. Hearing this in
mind, let, us study fLe urfe rf our
country and sec why tae rain does not
fall equally on all pan of it inMei i d
falling very abundant.; in some p! ic s,
as ia New ng',;i:.d, aud some of the
Gulf Statr-s, and vtry sparingly in many
part? of the West, a :n New Mexico and
The winds which 1 -w to this countrv
from the south andvi t, bc.n" warm
tropical winds, ranh.M much moisture,
and are full of thi i:.vi,:ble vapor of
water which they Jure takea from the
Gyilf of Mexico and th;. o.eis. Coming to
the cooler land, they gradually cooled.'
Their moisture, thereTor'.-. falls as rain
while they uass over th land, till, by
the time they reach western Kansas and
Colorado, the moisture being gone, no .,
more rain can fall. Br. t the winds which
come to thi country f.-om th north and
west are colder than the land, and, as
they swef p over it, toward the south and
east, they gradua'ly become warmer; so
that instead of giing up their moisture
in the-form of rain, they are constantly
taken up moisture fro:i the earth. It is
for this reason that our north and wet
winds are dry wind. and mean fair f
weather; while the so. th and east winds
bring rain. For this reason, also, the
Eastern and Southern States have an
abundadc e of rain , whi.e the Central and '
Western states are very dry. j
And tmere is still another point to be
considered. We already have noted the
fact that at gTeat heights the air is ;
cooler. Hence, when a warm wind full ;
of moisture comes blowing across the
country and strikes a mountain range, ;
it binds upward and rises high in the !
air to pass over. In s doing it becomes j
cooled, giving up its moisture, and
passes over to the other side a dry wind, i
t is for this reason that some islands, '
ike the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific !
Ocean, where the win Is bow almost
always from the same direction, are sub- I
ject to almost ccn ;nuous rain on i
one aide while cn the other raia
is exceedingly rare. TVs al how why 1
California, weal 'of t Herra Nt uda '
mountains, receives ufhVient rain to
make the soil fit for cultivation; while
Nevada, on the east, is nearly rainless
and barren. The mo :stureco:niiig from
the south and east i all condensed by
the Alleghany, the Hoiky, -and the
Wahatch ranges ; while th it from the
west is cut oil by the Sierras. Hence. th
great extent of country known to geolo
gists as the Great Ba-du v.hi h reachc
frodv regon on the north t Mexico on
thesouth. an 1 fro.ji Colorado on tha
eas' to the Sierras on th-.- west, compris
ing aa are i of not less than '2o i," )0
square m les. which is nearly equal to 1
the whole of France re eive? over s
great 'part of- its surf an annua! rain
fall! of not ovjr four inohes, and is there
fore a desert.
Buyfn? liack His Lost ( aste.
Falhm as tlie rune has in the esteem
of Kurope. the c oi:: has not lot all its
migic-workicg o.ver in th- Fast,
.iud ciously ue 1 as a Inckshecsb. it can
still claim "to rank among th governing
p )wers of .society. In on- matter, in
deed, it& e:h acy appears to be im reasina
rather than dinr.nidntig What won) i
it not have cos: a high cjaste Hindoo in
former times to recver his casta
privileges after io-.ng thm for crossing
the ocean.' Som-thousand of rupees,
it leat. in sim-i aes. we believe, the
e.pene of expiat ng the dea lly sin ran
to rive figures Bit. this being aa age
of cheapness, the B'ahnrns have teeu tt
to reduce the tariff to qu;".e a democratic
level. In a recent instance, a young
Hindoo, who had be-.n st .'lying engin
eering; in KngHr i was : out -caste 1 the
mom nt he s-t 'i in. mis native la. j 1
The lamilv wer- "f .re. plung-d in
the de-r e-1 li're-- icy the. cruel e:rcnc e .
it cut thui o:! f- si rh - poor pariah. a id
rV..lcma- 1 him t Lf-d ng degra l.v.:-n.
F.u a knv.vmg ! Hrihmin, on b-iug
el e i into . . mi K- rather light of
:I re 1 to negotiate t r
trict v rea-oni'.'le
wnrewi ii. g
i a-r.ir. ge l
"lie e n. ' n e
... - .V . -
pa m- nt of r
;.- i-t t ' a .r"
w a re". :' i to
-) .:f.- -'
When afJreat Artist Ilegged for Rread.
Jean rraj: i ! . t. thA grtre'. '.
.ill mo ierr. art :
A sa i so-y of '
l a l.fe of p
ua" w.u u
Wai t . 1 t
the 1-c-ur-r b-:
Bos-on. Thv. z
se-e a-j .
th.rtv of M ..'.' rlr.e: works a-.'i
among them a - e picture of a j izl
n x . w ith i he i . -.hit might br Leoa
a d) This pic-u-e Mi let had taken to
e- ery p'cture h p in Paris to e 1 for
th.rt ' franc ol.j o t j buy Ij'j 1 for
h s starving fm:ly, and mw the picture
would, fetch H".rJ. This was oae
reason why the lecturer alvisi any oae
of hi hearers wri- WHhe 1 to pa.nt to
paiat ftir love gf the art only. San
XV.wm'm .4,.! .
4 ' Mvw4r
IX A SCTLPTOR'S STIdHO.
ISTS BUILD AND WORK IN.
and Mrlil Deaih M.nki
It was an ; iral. The M'.-y atm )
w:is d.tlt-r-:it f'r m that outride.
photograph a:. 1 c;t iahi .-:. Bits cf
bright r::. . g;iv,: . o juctt;h ciTct.
and tontratci -Aith th - sombre irnb o'
the moss, just as summer do with
winter. The mantel wai covered with
pictures, bits of sculpture inilynni
plaster, and a s ore of sei (d.-:;s The
room was full of model. cimIs, casts
and buts. ; ."
"Where are vo ir hammer and h sel,
and marble.' ' asked a rejor!er f r the
Atlanta C" .-.
She s-ulptpr laughed heartily.
"Now, how many people in Atlanta
d,i vr.n e!ttr.e ' )i n L- t ! a cc '
' . u .4i U u . t. v..y.,-4-
nrst and on;y work is in niarb.f, and
with a hammer and chisel?' S'o. thwart
is all in clay every hit. Putting it m
marble is merely mechanical. It i just
as if , we moll.- 1 in clay, and then by
some chemical process could change the
clay into marble. TIitc is no art ia that :
it is all in the clay. After a death
ma.sk is perfected, a mold in plaster
will be taken, and then it will be put in
"What is the use in changing it into
plaster? Why not take the measurement
direct from this?"
"It's too soft, and you cannot allow it
to harden, for it will crack and draw.
There is the death ma.sk of Judge Loch-
rane. I am making a marble bust of ;
him, and it is being pui into marble
The mask referred to is in plaster, and
. - . , . . 1 . .
being taken bv direct impressions from ;
. .c ' j i i v i j 1
the lace of the dead, the mask is a vivid ,
A ., i i tr 4 u
icj)iuuui.t.ua iuc wnoir cucca. uriog
heightenel by the pallid cidor. The
features were perfect. The eyes were
closed as if in sleep, and the general ex
pression is one of peace and of rt.
ThU was takjn soon alter death, and
the features are perfectly natural-
"That is taken," explained the sculp-
r, Mr. Frauzee. "bv impression, the
ft plaster being spread over the feat-
ures, ao i blown caretuliv into earn ,
crevice and wrinkle. Tha' forms the :
mold, and the cat ia taken by sirnjily
running in planter."
"How do you make a me laHi m''
"From photograi)hs, and th-n j.erfect !
them from life ' '
".-u;p jse the model is dead "
Tlieu th- bc-t ofall aids is the death 1
mask. That's true in making 'a bust as :
well. J?ut"if we haven't that we get as''
many photographs a w e can -front,
three-quarters and profslt. if po-ible. .
Th n we work in cl'ay t.ntil. i a. near '
perfect as we. can make it from whit we
have to go by, and th n get critic sms
upon the work from thvse tint knew the
dead. After the clay model ks perfc.t
the art work i ouiplete.'
"Is th :t cay m a solid lump '
"OU.no We build a frame ot ,traw
usually for a b ist. and for a larger tatue
a frame or skeleton of woo or iron.
(ia pip-- is splendid' ;
r ue.c uoes wj cay come irom
"It is pot'er s clay from Ohio. I like
the New York potter's clay letter,
though, and we shall begin using it
"Can you use the fame clay over and
"h, yes. Th? same c'ay would last
i life tim-, but, of course, it is wasting
"Why hot u1 th common c'-?"'
"It is never free from mi' a scales and
grains of sand. That ru:n. an artist's
too s. Then it is not so pliable nor so
c ihe'ive "
"Where does th ma-bie come from'
"Italy. We c a i u.-e only ,arrra rar-
b For tw . tho is-.r. 1 yir th- e
nir.e hi-e ) ? w-.rked an 1
:h- re has i"---n no sub-t;';.'v liy far tr.e
:1 vt iu.i'ati-.ri .m- f' m W.-i'ra
North ( ir .iini, and I 1 ;:. e that a
;hev mir.e dee er. the myrtle w;i; Lo
:oge ai pj-e a "
A Conifuriatd K .oin -u red.
i-.er ; a'
th - c i-y i)
:a .ti' t:.
-m i-. fr Lre- .. a. . reg-
:.: - . r, ti-
w a-,.- .::.: .rn .n
H.s . ,r. -a : " t ert-r
,r. h. re- .rr... i
He '4 4 : -- i..T.i'.t.
an i t od .: '
it V- -I' -k- th bv
- :-.:. f. an 1
to-. h - W
otfere 1 ' t
-1 . 1 r-
Arr.o:.g 'h- g
r j .r.g .s. i f -tt. '-:
: h h 'e m a
t-W.; i the
f :;..e3J".. an : f -r '- i '
uet Of tht L tt hi i 1 l.ki
.:... 1 .
,g He went
to t.'iC V .a i;, t
- an i determ. nation, an 1 ah.'- J the youeff
ladv t . mi-rv h.na -h- r - -i-'ated, and
f-hr tr.ev .'. t the partoa and
ner ir.ey c-. i .uc i -
e marr.rl. It i- u "r.oeat to aj th
tlemia made gl Li boa:. Ai
North ( arolinn.
Th- I .t"::.. :. .' Ag:.. ..N.rr t:vw
:;:ak-"g '-; - r ..f r q rrj.f.
! w. rig 1 1 - . . . . , :. - r. ;.'" ! ii'jur:.
' : i:'.g ' ry t . ; i:: th' M it. It
f' th. s tr;. - f ir si
h t J'," that th' ii t'li i-' t th T.'V"il
r j. - i: :; J w , , : gen.-r-i!!
' iL'g' : I:: - - - t th - ., U
r j -a . ! m j . . i- th- !":. r-
rt h t: it i. .-j dr-uth
In- in; ,r i ?!. . : j . r t . ..' it . gms;:
aii-i t r..ck. t- - ! :.:. v-tt'u
k: :! -i - :.:i- h i- t. ;.. ,r, y r
m '. i . :.g A . !!! 1 :.g ;, r t ;he r-
' -r" w ;.. ! i;i ri f cri Tit c t- t amount'
f m.-At br :.'!.'. into th m i - id
i .-t y- tr Th- .j iM'itit l- ko grrtt ,v to
b.- ! v. :. i I.c'.h f Th f ir th. ar n-
- rt tl W th.lt th'T' : : l'Ii'.l' If. TS
: r; th-- ii: -i': id m i" th. I : . mifttt .
II' rt - : t lu ' 't f M : : - ig l 1 und
f 'r-c -i r p .rk .trv i-i-!'. 1 u wi:n
it i is i t r-.t r4; while
it. ' th r it ( t ill".
N-'.' - hi lr:i iiTiT, d .it Kal'-igh of
... ..... ..... f
a !. pc it.- att-mpf at tiiurdrr by lli- iin
Pott.-r. m Iii- t-,i:.: H- w .i in hi,
ho k1, hi family i:. i w a h :,.ng a
ra--r. Hi. iff a -id h;!dret wen- ad-d
i.c.ir him. Suddenly, and w itlvcat i
word of warning. h ir.i:ig to hi feet,
brandishing the tu..r. and r ihwig it
hi wife. pu'.d hi. k h r ha i and with
one sweep of the r.i r ut lir threat
fr. m e;- to e4r. lb- then pi. ked up bin
hat fr.-m the fi.e.r :U1 q run fr,,m the
ho i-, taking to the wood H. was
p'irMied and ' has been captured, lb- i
now in ia!'. at Mockvjlle It hv Ix-eii
heheved'f. r .-.me time that hi mind huh
uti?,,Urid. I.p;to hi wife', ternblc
wound, it i., In-lieved she will not die.
A Journalistic ( ban??.
c. , ry ,, , ,
Tlie St. Louis I(tu' ft jmblishe an
,-, , ' . . ,v r . .i .
editorial anr.ouix cmont to the efliM-t tat
, , ... , , , T r,
thanes H. Jones, lati' f tht inw l)mi
f-rit. Jai konville, Fii.. ha pnrchawd
a largi- intc ret in the Jfju'ifciin. Mr.
Jone. who ha been elci ted vice pr'i
dent of the company publishing thr lU
pxiblicin, will have charge of the editorial
dartrrtent rf tVii.
j the iV7, will -ur.' ..ut in a uvw
'be of t.vp- and with different .rr.ii-e
m'nt "f r-:,dmg matfr. in I annojn.e-
. ----- i - ' " -
" '' "' ... . o ,y
,M !'''' ;i ' t:: J " ' ' r ! 1 '
The Kentuckv Ib-rbv.
Mac'... th the gr-, reejn tinr
styii . retai-wi.g fir-: p' to the uit-t
;itig u-.d-r tlr by a ful. I'-i.g'h .th
a t--.ii h of th- whip, and ! .ki!.g
re.-.d t" g-. a:e.th r qu r : ' Mi.i-th
U a magniti' e-.t k;:.g I.;. v n g. Id. tig.
and won th: great r i e it, t ,! that
place .i:n up wi'li t!i i r ! it. the
i and. It w a i' i f,' th- ra- e that
Haukir.-. hi -a :,i-r. hi i w..h ?'."Oo
The Difflf ulty Settled.
Acting so re arv iLv. s tco-ved i
able incsu 'i floTM I ;,..-.! tate, ( o.'iHlll
I..-.vi it T ir.gl' r T v i a . in r:.;:.g. wi-
in th.t. a!; ..-v '..t d gr. . rn-iit
i7w,,.... j,,r, ,, ;t:j j' ,,.- I ? t.-
h i b-.-n s.-tl-d. an-l thf he ha i gained
, , ,,;..,, , ,..b,.i f ,r
A Town Kulnedhj Fire.
Th entire bu-lne). port; ,n .f !den
dale. Wellington Territory. wa v ' pt
away by fire .s-.nd iy. The town hd no
fire department, and th- 1 au4ourit to
"f I 7 . ' 0 : insrar.. --, $ V.oo)
The Londoner Alarmed
; a crowded m-et;ng of tir.. n in
. London on M'ndtT rv. -.;-!. wo re
adopted ur:ri::g the governne nt without
j '.Jeav to deal erT to .; v with r.iti nl
d'-f.-t' A maM meeting w ha arr ngd
: f ,r .L:,f .
' Slavery Atolihed la Hrazil.
A iv. ' from It. ' Jai.e s't,--hat
'Ii- Ux7...lU fl'lte hi- pi--e j the
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