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D. M. BEAUE Editor. 4 'In Essentials: Unity In on-Essentals; Liberty-In All Things Charity." SUBSCRIPTION: $LO0 Per Tear.
POTEpASI, NORTHAMPTON CO., N. C, APRIL 30, 1891
SOUTHERN STATE NEWS.
Newsy Chit-Chat and j Telegraphic
Dispatches From Many Points
In Our Own' and (Adjoin
ing Statep. i
The Broomskiw brick -works, at Alex
andria, have bt-en damaged to the ex
tent of of r,0. 000.
Si cietarv of State James G. Blaine and
n wty of oilicialn visited the Norfolk
navy yard Thursday.
The fanners of Campbell county report
a favorable outlook for crops and fruit.
The body of Robert Downs was found
in the l?ap;mhanuock River near Fredericksburg-.
The conference of- Evangelical Luth
erans adjourned at Alexandria after an
The inland jury at Danville brought in
forty-live indictments' against moonshin
ers, after which-the jury was discharged.
The next session of the North Carolina
Teachers' Assembly at forehead City be
gins June loth, and ends on the 30th, of
tiiat month. Secretary Ilarrell says that
o,000 persons will attend.
The trustees of the Baptist Female
University elected Rev. J. B. Boone, of
Missouri, "formerly of North Carolina, fi
nancial agent of that institution.
rilanks were sent out from the Depart
ment of Agriculture'to 1,000 correspon
dents, in all parts of the State, to be re
turned with data for the first crop bulle
tin issued this year. These bulletins are
monthly all through the season.
The' Railroad Commissioners have
been sending applications to all railroads
of the Stato for copies of their tariff ta
bles and time tables.
A terrific thunder storm prevailed at
Raleigh Thursday evening for an hour or
ivinva anA MrrVitninr ofm in at. Tenet a
nau aozeu places in me cuy.
. An Opera house to cost $10,000 is to
be built at Beaufort by the Knights of
Prof. Hardin, cherhist of Clemson col
lege, has completed 156 analyses of ferti
lizers, ouly six of which fell below the
The third and last piece of granite for
tin; Washington Light Infantry monu
ment at Charleston has been shipped
from the Rockton quarry.
If there is one thing more than another
that Columbians pride themselves on it
is their pet band which is in constant
practice preparing to furnish the music
for the Columbia soldiery.
Another wreck occurred on the Ashe
ville and Spartanburg railroad Wednes
day night by a collision of a freight train
from Asheville and a material train near
Laugdrum. The fireman and a negro on
the material train were killed. Both of
the engineers and eighteen of the hands
were injured, many of them fatally.
"W. S. Smith, of Kuoxville, grand ma3
ter of the Ancient, Free and Accepted Ma
sons of Tennessee, visited King Lodge at
Bristol Monday night.
The Tennessee legislature, which ad
journed a few days ago, passed a law
granting pensions to all disabled Confed
erate soldiers, raugiug from $8.33 1-8 to
$25 per month, according to the degree
The Bristol postofhee has been advanced
from a third to a second-class, and the
salary of the postmaster increased to $2,
100 and the free delivery system will be
established in June.
The lirst regular passeugei train on the
L. & N. (Big Stone' Gap extension) left
Cumberland Gap uti 7:15 o'clock Thurs
day morning ami reached Big Stone Gap
at noon; returning. reached Cum
berland Gap at .S o'clock, r. m., in time
to connect with the north-bound Louis
ville and Nashville .'train from Kuoxville.
This opens a new route between Atlanta,
Kuoxville and the east.
Savannah gets the negro agricultural
The Pittsburg ami ( h veland base ball
teams played exhibition games at Macon,
Thursday and Friday.
Robert Thomas Summers and Mrs.
Mattie J. Huffman, of Thomasville, were
married "Wednesday. The groom has
been blind since his birth, and conse
quently has never seen the lady who is
now his wife.
Cardinal Gibbons and the Bishops of
the province of Baltimore met at Savan
nah a tew days ago in Conference. Anew
sej will be created, including N. C, S.
C, Ga. and Fla.
A letter from the Fruit Growers' Asso
ciation at Griffin to the agricultural de
partment says there will be a half crop of
peaches, a fair crop of plums and a full
crop of apples and grape. But there
will be few pear.
The people of southwest Geoigia must
have verv fast hor-es, or the schedule of
the Blakel v extension must be a very slow
and convenient one. This will illustrate
the point: A citizen of Arlington ar
rived at the depot only to liud that the
train had gone. It was then four miles
ahead of him, but, procuring a horse and
buggy, the citizen gave chase, overtaking
the train at Commissary Hill, a distance
of nearly five miles. He then waved it
down, got aboard and arrested a man who
owed him $4 and w.h li ving to make his
A survey is leing made for a railroad
from Melrose via Campbell to Micanopy.
Jacksonville parties incorporated the
Railway Water Supply Co. with a capita!
stock of $100,000 to manufacture patent
A collector of relics at Tampa, has re
ceived a halberd head which was lately
uuenrthed at Memphis. There can be no
doubt of the origin of this interesting
relic. The form with the battle axe on
one side, the hook opposite and the spike
termination, mark it as a relic ot the fif
The telephone is put to a new use in a
hotel at Tampa. Instead of an electric
press br.ttou, every room will have a tel
ephone connected with the office. Guests
will be able not only to communicate
with the office, but with their friends in
other rooms at will. The great orches
trion, which was one of the marvels of
the Paris Exposition, is to be placed in
the music room of the hotel. It has been
arranged that any guest in his room can,
by merely telephoning to the office, be
connected with the orchestrion and have
the music transmitted to him in 'full vol
ume. OTHER STATES.
The Farmerd' Alliance of Hinds county,
Hits,, has ei dorse d tha Hon. Ethel
Barkadftle fof the United States
Senate, to succeed Senator Walthall.
Seventeen Sutn Alliances were represent
ed in the Convention, which unanimous
ly endorsed the Sub-treasury bill and the
Ocala platform. This action is, regarded
as placing Mr. Barksdale squarely iu the
field for United States Senator. lie was
present and made a speech, but did not
announce mmselt a caudidate.
THE FLORIDA LEGISLATURE.
Phosphates and Senator Call's Suc
cessor The Exciting- Topic of
Tallahassee, Fla., Special. The
Senate and House organized at noon by
the election of the officers nominated in
the Democratic caucus.
Governor Fleining's biennial message
was .submitted the next morning. It is
an exhaustive document. He recom
mends radical changes in the jury laws,
so as to make convictions for murder
more speedy and sure, a liberal appro
priation for the World's Fair, the assign
ment of property at its full market value,
a liberal appropriation for inducing
immigration, continued support of the
State's policy lor the prevention of in
fectious diseases and the creation of a
State board of phosphate commissioners
and of the new office of phosphate in
spector to look after the State's interest
in the phosphate deposits in the beds of
aavigable streams with the view of the
collection. of a royalty on all phosphate
A Democratic caucus will probably be
called in a few days on the Senatorial
question.' If the caucus is called the rules
will require a two-third vote in making
nominations. Senator Call's supporters
are in a large majority, but the opposi
tion claim that he cannot secure two
thirds vote in joint caucus. Some of
Call's supporters prefer that no caucus be
called, thus throwing the election into
the Legislature direct, where a majority
of both houses would elect.
Senator R. F. Rodgers. president of
the State Farmers' Alliance, is working
hard to get an Alliance caucus called for
the purpose of passing an Anti-Call
resolution. The Call men in the Alliance
are opposing Rodgers vigorously.
Painted the c-.itue Red.
Raleigh, N. C.
Kemp P. Battle. pui ;
University, passed h -.e
i.ecial. j Hon.
in, of the State
on his way from
Goldsboro, wnere he appeared in a re
markable case. Two years ago at the
centennial commencement at the Univer
sity, Kirby Smith, v f Gcldsboro, was ar
rested, charged with having painted red
the monument to Dr. Caldwell, the iirst
president of the University. The matter
raised a great stir. Smith some months
aero brought suit against President hat
tie and the trustees for 10.000 for faisc
arrest. The jury in the t ase of l ir-idei t
Battle were unable to ugiec upon u vcr
i diet and were discharge
OPENING THE CAMPAIGN.
Alliance Announces Its Plans
i-tnd Calh for Funds.
A National Propaganda Comvxiittee,:
And an Army of '-Lecturers'"
Are Ready lor the Fray.
Washington. D. C. f?neci:d.i The
Farmers' Alliance i
it is called
A ' vaniuai'i'i f education
and the Niiiioual Campaign
Committee doe' bv the name of the
"Propaganda Fund Committee.'' The
first appeal, for campaign funds has just
been issued and the work is to be prose
cuted vigorously all along the line. The
plau of campaign has been carefully and
systematically' laid out, and with the
organization machinery at command it
will undoubtedly make itself felt wher
ever the Alliance has members. That
portion of the plan which is made public
provides for the utilization of the great
lecture system of the Alliance throughout
the country, under control of the Nation
al Committee a Washington.
The Alliance has regularly appointed
National, State, District and County
lecturers, whose duty it is to preach
Alliance doctrines to the members. More
of these lecturers are to be appointed, and
they will talk persistently from one end
of the country to the other. They will
talk to outsiders as well as members, and
such missionary tours as that which Jerry
Simpson is making will be made by other
prominent leaders. The Alliance plan of
political salvation will be preached iuthe
cities as well as in the country, and every
effort will be made to popularize the
Alliance doctrines. To make sure that
only the pure doctrine is taught skeleton
lectures will be sent out periodically from
Washington to all authorized speakers,
and a register will be kept there of the
army of talkers and the work they: are
doing. Thus the national organ of the
Alliance, the Economist, gays of it:
"Jay Gquld, Mr. Brice, !Mr. Gjuay, or
any other" ' capitalist or politician, wll1
find the Fropagutida Fund Committee
ready to accept doifitlona from them and
use me jauney wiieiu win ao xne mosi
gi;od in ihe crrhcT reiUTui, Had shoThl
Mr. Stanford desire to contribute some
railroad money to assist the farmers h
will have a splendid chance to do so.
Some of the extremely wealthy may neeci
a depository for 'conscience money,' and
they will find this a good place.
" 1 he propaganda iuud is not estab
lished to "collect money to be used for
corrupt campaign methods. The money
will be used to educate the masses in the
principles of the Farmers' Alliance and
to bring about a better understanding
between the good, the true, and the hon
est citizens of this nation, to the end that
all such may layaside sectionalism and
unite in a determined effort to abolish
corruption and discrimination from the
laws and usages of the country, and in
augurate a. reign of justice that shall
guarantee equal rights and equal chances
to all worthy citizens. Political parties
accept secretly large donations from men
who expect to control the patronage of
the party when in power. The propa
ganda fund collection is entirely different.
Those who donate to it may well be
proud to iave the matter.known, because
is shows not necessarily liberality on their
part, but it is substantial evidence of their
devotion to the cause of humanity."
J. F. Tillman, the Secretary of the
National Executive Board of the Alliance,
is to have charge of the propaganda
movement, and sympathizers are invited
to send tfoeir checks to t?ecretary J. II.
Turner pi the Alliance.
It is said that in accordance with the
desire to devote a few months to the.
shaping of public sentiment before com
mitting the farmers to an open third
party movement, the Alliance leaders are
striving strenuously to offset the plans for
the Cincinnati conference iu May. The
Ecortomist declares that the Knights of
Labor, the Fanners' Alliance, of the
Northwest, the Colored Farmers Al
liance, and the national branch of the
Citizens' Alliance will not be represented
at Cincinnati. Discussing the call itadds :
'What organizations are behind it?
What eleihent of reform movement does
it represent, and why is it demanded?
Let every; member of the K. ofL.. Farm
ers' Alliaiiccwhite or colored. Citizens'
Alliance, or any other true reformer,' ask
and answer for himself these questions
before he goes into spasms over this
proposed meeting. The time for hurrah
conferences is at an end. They have
cursed the people lung enough. It il
not agitation the people want, it U edu
cation on: orreci lin?s. What will 'be
the result of this meeting? Of what will
the substauce consist when the froth and
enthusiasm hae blown oil? Who will
lx" there that jepreems organized labor?
Mississippi is thf oulv State iu the
South where the Htction tin- fall will he
based on distinct AiiitiKe issues. Tbe
btriiL'gle.oi th, A 1 1 ia :f v.ill he ; elect
a Legislatuie which will ittiic Senator
George, v. ho is.ouispAcu i.i his opuosi-
tfon to the Sub-Treasury scheme. The
best men the Alliance can muster will be
sent to Mississippi to take part in the
Some recent Alliance propositions for
legislative enactment are uniquely inter
esting. Thus the district union of the
Ninth Kentucky Congress district recently
resolved that all notes, mortgages or other
written evideuces of indebtedness should
be piesented to the Assessor for assess
ment and be annually stamped by him,
aud if not so presented and stamped to
bocome invalid; that the last certified
reports of bauks to be taken by tbe
Assessor as a basis of assessment; that
the rolling stock of lailroads be made
personal properly subject to execution for
all stock killed or in jured, aud. no appeal
be granted beyond the circuit courts for
sums of $200 or less.
Col. Polk, at Criston, Iowa, last week
said there are too many lawyers sent to
Congress. That the only way to succeed
is to send farmers there. The Alliance,
he said, intended to go into politics, but
not into partyism. Some by-standeV
asked him how about North Carolina,
and Senator Vance's remarks that on a
cloudy day he could not tell the differ
ence between an Alliancemau and a
Democrat. Col. Polk dodged by sug
gesting that the farmers would have a
new party in the next presidential cam
paign. North State.
The speech made by Ben Terrell here
last Saturday was the best speech on
living issues that we have-listened to in
a long time. No one, no rrfatter of what
profession or political belief could object
to the doctrines he advocates for their
principles are the principles of eternal
justice. His speech was common-sense
m every way, and he dealt with facts, not
sentiment, and principles, not men. As
long as such men as Ben Terrell shape
public opinion we need not fear any
serious harm being done, and for this
reason we wish we had a thousand Ter
rells. e Charlotte, N. C, Times.
Farmers do not realize what an ad
vantageous field that lies before 'them in
tbe. direction nfirearing hoisefr .that will
match, or if notT situated for tft- TSf '
nox naving orooja mareiy-jps exacty
alike and bred alike, tb . Ipxchaninc
i La luivjui-
wnat tne raiiors wMTiil;-. for an
animal or auimas from other farms, thus
getting togefliey a double team which all
buyers will Watft on sight. There are, in
Uns directiogjbreat opportunities lost to
tanners andrfeat gains made byvlealers.
The February report of the Agrieul-
rural Bureau sliows that the averasre value
of milch cowans largest in New York; or
$'M each. This high average is probably
due to twoi causes. First, the early
establishment of cheese factories in this
State, and second, the improvement in
sto' !, t h rough the introduction of many
line herds by enterprising breeders.
Southom Wit In War.
As we are reminded by the author of
"Four Years in Rebel Capitals, "the South,
as well as the North, says the Youths' Com
panion, needed to exercise its sense, of
humor, whenever that was possible, to
carry it through the terrible strain of war.
Some of the puns, burlesques and rapav
tee of that dreadful time have become
locally historic. Colonel Tom August, of
the First Virginia, was the Charles Lamb
of Confederate war wits, genial and very
Early in secession days a bombastic
friend approached him with the question,
"Well, sir, I presume your voice is still
4,Oh yes,'' replied the wit, "perfectly
Always to be remembered is General
Zebulon Vance's apostrophe to the rabbit,
flying by him from a heavy rifle lire : "Go
it, cotton-tail! If I hadn't a reputatiou,
I'd be with you!"
Equally forcible was the protest of the
Western recruit, ordered on picket at
Munson's Hill . ' . ;
"Go yander ter keep em off! W'y,
. ve-uns kem hyar ter ght tlr Yanks, an'
ef you-uns skeer 'em oft. how'n thunder
C7. thar goan' ter be a scrimmage nohow f
City Point, on the James River, was
the landing for transorts. with 6oldiers
released from Northern prisons on parole.
One day a mcst woebegone aud cmaci
ted "Johnny" sat swinging his shoeless
feet from a barrel, awaiting his turn,
when a pompous Federal ma jor remark
ed, to no one in particular: "It isn't far
Reck'n et's near onto three thousin1
mile," drawled Johnny, weakly.
"Nonsense! You must be crazy!"
retorted the officer, staring.
"Wal, I ent a-reck'nin' edzact
the slow reply. "Jest
Oh. you did And why; pray?''
" Cause it's took'n you-uiis Lih onto
t. ;,;: year to git thar from
u-, the settling retort.
N ash u'ton,
THE UNITED STATES TREASURER.
Mr. Huston's Resignation Accepted
and Mr. Nebecker of Indi
Washington, D. C, Special.-The
following correspondence explains it
self: Treasury op the United States,
Washington, D. C.
To the President:
,Sir: I would respectfully tender my
resignation as Treasurer of the United
States, t(5 take effect when it may be con
venient to name my successor. Acknow
ledging my deep sense of gratitude to you
for the kindness received at your hands,
I remain truly yours,
J. N. Huston,
Treasurer of the United States.
Hon. J. N. Huston:
Sir: I have delayed action upon your
letter of Feb. 2ith, tendering your resig
nation of the oliiee of Treasurer of the
United States, for reasons known to you.
I now yield to your request to be relieved
from the duties of your office, and accept
your resignation, to take effect upon the
appointment and qualification of your
successor. I regret that your personal
affairs compel you to this step, and beg
to assure you of my sincere and continued
regard and best wishes. Very sincerely
yours, Benj. Harrison.
The President has appointed Mr. Ne
becker, of Indiana, Treasurer, to succeed
Mr. Huston. Mr. Nebecker called on
the President, and ieft for his home in
Ind. He mav not assume
the office for some time yet,
POLK'S PECULIAR WILL
In Which He Attempts to Keep the
Property in the Family.
: Nashville, Tenn., Special. The
home of ex-president Jamet K. Polk, in
which his aged widow now resides, is
advertised to be sold for city taxes,
amounting to $1,900. Mrs. Polk is
amply able to pay the taxes, having a
pension of $5,000, and receiving nearly
2,000 interest on her State bonds, and.
perhaps, does not know that he is Id
TTirrears. i. un 'wm,
1 1 . i, vnti
.family forever, by bequeathing F"' UP
1 1 1 A Jl LU - A, mK rnk t "WW,
, j i -- -ciegopp
mis aeam, ro me Dime oi icuu
lbe held in trust by the Governof
he should decline to assume
then such a person as the Legii
mav select, who shall permit the
to be occupied and used by such of hia?
i i , l At t nu,
Dioou reianons as nave me uauiuui jtuia.,
preferring the nearest of kin, but if there
be none named Polk then the house is to
be used by such other blood relations as
may be designated. It is provided that
whoever occupies the house shall keep it
in repair and pay the taxes. The rela
tives with whom Mrs. Polk is now living
are not blood relatives. It is contended
that should the property be sold to some
outside party for taxes, and a deed be
made, this would defeat the terms of the
will, and the State could not carry out
the trust imposed on it. The property
is very valuab!e,,being two acres in ex
tent, and being in the heart of the city,
on the corner of Vine and Union streets.
INGALLS AS A FARMER.
"He That by the . Plough Would
Thrive, Must Either Hold
ATcnisox. Kan. Since his retirement
from office Mr. Ingalls has developed
into a full -fledged farmer. He owns
a thirty-acre tract south of his residence,
which he is transforming into a pasture
and truck farm, and he is at present en
gaged in planting potatoes. Of course
he does not shovel dirt or carry weeds,
-ur do the other disagreeable things that
must be done about a truck
men uomg ine work. JVir. iiTT
several hours each dav on his tnf
and seems to be greatly interesi
it. He talks about it a great deal. He
walks around the farm attired iu a light
suit of clothes, and wears that long gray
overcoat which he has worn from a time
wheieof the memory of man runneth not
to the -contrary. lie also-wears a blood
red necktie ami canies A cane. Mr. In
galls will not talk politics. "The burn
ing truest ion of the day."' he says, "is
potatoes. " If he eaies anything about
the cfTons .of the ring Republicans in
trying to reul him out of the party, he
does not show it.
Attained a Bipe Old Age.
Lincoln-ion, N. C Mis. Sally Weav
er, who was born in this county 1 80,
diet four miles west of Lincoluton last
S::t-:: day at the age of 105 years. She
was :. remarkably stout woman and was
poe-i.-ed of a good mind and memory
until the 1 a i . She w,ts kindly attended
duriivj her List illne bv her oh'mt
lie wife of Xurna A I
viio-is worr.rm di
1 1 c u;