if! nsifyiff DMfis
D. M. BEALE, Editor.
"In Essentials: Unity In Non-Essentale: Liberty In All Things Charity."
SUBSCRIPTION: firOO Per Tear.
POTECASI, NORTHAMPTON CO., N. CM SEPTEMBER 10,1891,
SOUTHERN STATE NEWS-
Our Coterie of Commonwealths Re
Happenings of the Day Reported
and Notes of Industrial Pro
gress Find Space.
Pulaski City went dry Thursday by
The retail grocers of Alexandria have
formed a protective association.
Negotiations are pending for the estab
lishment of four large industrial enter
prises, including a steel plant, at New
A cave-in occurred on one of the resi
dence streets at Roanoke, Wednesday,
revealing an immense underground cave
with stalactite formations.
The Juniata Press Association, of
Pennsylvania, visited Salem and Roanoke
last weekend were fetad and banqueted
at both cities.
The cutlery company at Elkton will
soon be ready (o put its goods upon
the market. The YornT force is now
busy in making up samples to be shown
to the trade.
J. A. Fabtr, jeweler at Clifton Forge,
who was robbed some months ago of
$4,500 worth of jewelry, has received
information that the thieves have been
captured iu Cincinnati.
An additional building to cost $5,000
is to be erected for the Soldiers' Home,
A full cargo of cottonseed oil is to be
shipped from Newport News to Italy,
an Itdiati bark having been chartered
for the jjLirpose. This oil will probably
come xk to us as the purest Italian
The great "Midlothian mines" in Ches
terfield county were purchased by Ware
B, Q&il of Richmond, who, representing
himself aud a large coal 'syndicate, will
shortly) start up the mines again..
Thelmanagers of the Lynchburg indus
trial fair have determined to have a com
petitive infautry drill in addition to the
sham battle like they had last year, and
which was so attractive. Colonel Kirk
Otey has- been chosen commander-in-chief.
The Roanoke Street Railway Co. has,
it is said, sold out its roids, equipment
and franchises to New York capitalists,
who will orgauize a new company with a
capital of $23), 000 aud substitute elec
tric power for the dummy engines
and horses now used. This car line runs
from Vinton to Salem, with lines cover
ing the chief routes of travel iu Rojnoke.
Winston base ball club was defeated
by Richmond Friday. -Score 4 to 8.
Harvard Burton Shaw, A. R., B. E.
C of Edgecombe county has been ap
pointed assistant iu the department of
civil engineering aud mathematics, in the
The city of Salisbury U offer iug for
saje the $50,000 of improvement bonds.
Atlanta people are endeavoring to or
ganize Nautahala Marble & Talc Co.,
with a capital of $1,000,000, to develop
marble aud talc deposits at Jarretts,
Aline of steamboats will be put on
Roanoke river to run between Weldoa
aud Montrose, on Chowan river.
Frank Reynolds, of Ayr, has signed,
contract with the laud companies for the
erection of a large leather-finishing plant
It is proposed to orgauize the Dare
County Oyster Co. for the purpose of
developing the opster industry iq Dare
The plans of Orlo Epps have been
adopted for the erection of the $35,000
iuilding for the State Normal aud In
dustrial School for GirU at Greensboro.
Governor Holt has pardoned LaWrence
Oxeadine, who was iu Robeson county
convicted of manslaughter and seuteuced
to ten years in the penitentiary. He
also pardoned William Statou,-who, in
Union county nine j'ears ago, was con
victed of assault with intent to commit
rape, and sentenced to twelve years' im
prisonment. A contract has been made with the
proprietor of the Stone mountain granite
quarries in Rowan county, near Salis
bury, for supply. ng Belgian blocks for
paving the streets ol Asheville and
Richmond, lhe contracts amount to
The first of the three indictments pre
ferred for libel by ex-Congressman Bow
er, against .Messrs Gilliam & Oliver, of
the Retdsville Review, came off for trial
r at Dobson, Surry couuty, last week, aud
the jury, after a strong, clear charge
from Judge Graves, brought in a verdict
i of acquittal.
Governor Holt on Monday moved into
the executive mansion, which ha? been
The latest novelty in the way of jewel
ry is the Southern Confederacy scarf pin.
made at Charleston .
The annual picnic of the Chicora Rifles
took place Thuasday at Mount Pleasant.
' The Euieka" gin saw shield, patent
ed by Dr. W. S. KilHnoswoi th. of Abbe
ville county, will be the means of saving
the haud (and iu many iustauces the arm)
of huudreds of eottou gin employees.
Anderson county has a large surplus
corn crop this year.
The City Bank of G: ecu wood com
menced bu-io'.'ss September 1.
Governor Tilhnan has tel'reu irow
jail, at Columbia, Willie Dawkins. col
ored, aged 0 years, burglar, and son of
Mrs. Rebecca Dawkins. Mrs. Dawkins
called at the Executive office to '-intercede
about it" herself. The agreement is
that Mrs. Dawkins shall whip Willie
Dawkins once a week for four weeks in
the presence of the sheriff.
The South Carolina Railway ha, for a :
long time, been trying to get rid of its
Mary street crossings in Charleston. The
road has had a line surveyed which will
entirely obviate the Mary street branch
and the Columbia street crossing in reach
ing their wharves find those of the East
Shore Terminal Road.
A tobacco company has been organized
at Walhalla. Capital stock, $15,000.
The railroad commissioners of South
Carolina have sent a circular letter to all
the railroad companies, calling attention
to several statutes and asking that their
officers and employees be instructed to
enforce them literally aud vigorously.
The first forbids the running of freight
trains on Sunday, and the second law
prohibits idle pen sons from loitering3
around waiting rooms aud platforms -at
The State Board of Equalization has
completed its assessments of the railroads
of the State, and the aggregate increase
exceeds $20,000,000. " . '
When the canal at Columbia was sold
to a Massachusetts syndicate the board of
trustees of the canal company pledged
themselves to complete an unfinished sec
tion ef it at a specified date. Pursuant
to that agreement thev have eoutracted
for the completion of the work by Nov.
1st. 400 men aud a large machinery
plant will be employed. The price
agreed upon was $32,000.
Chan Yee, a Chattauooga Chinaman,
was bankrupted through being forced to
pay for another heathen who committed
suicide in his place.
Galveston, Texas, has 40 miles of elec
tric railway, aud San Autonia has 56
miles and expects soon to have ten miles
The superintendent of the horse car
lines in Atlanta; Ga., has issued an or
der that until further notice no stre t car
drivers shall be permitted to use any sort
of a whip.
During the first 19 da3's of August the
East Tennessee Land Co. sold 114 lots at
Harrimau to l0 purchasers, at an average
price of $421.20, making the.totalof
trausactions somewhat more than $48,
000, or about $3,000 for every business
Some days since the cotton planters of
Western Tennessee, at a meeting held in
Memphis, proposed to reduce the wages
of cotton pickers from 75 cents to 50
cents a hundred pounds. Similar meet
ings have been held iu Mississippi aud
Louisiana, at which planters have pledg
ed themselves to pay uo more than 40
cents per hundred. A pres dispatch
from New Orleans of the 22nd inst. says:
"This reductiou will be vigorously op
posed aud resented by the pickers, and
the chances are that there will be a big
strike on this question ."
Reduced Production at Fall River.
Fait. Rivk'h, Mass, Special. The
production of cloth of this centre has
been curtailed 20.000 pieces during past
two weeks owing to the scarcity of wea
vers who are willing to work. Many oper
atives who have been doing very well
in the matter of w aires the past two vears.
are laving off aud help to till their places
cannot be obtained. Although the price
for cloth is one-eighth of a cent lower
than ever known previous tu the present
depression, there is . little demand for
spots at any figure.
The Strike Is Ended.
Charleston, S. C, Special. The
strike of the machinists employed by the
South Carolina railway has collapsed af
ter a week's endurance. All the striking
apprentice boys, who were enticed into
thestrike by the machinists, were taken
back. Only one of the strikers were
takeu back at the old wages. The oth
ers will seek jobs elsewhere. The Na
tional Machinists elsewhere didn't stand
by the strikers.
Various Matters of Interest to The
Congressmen Given Notice to Sup
port the Sub-Treasury Bill
or Step Down and
The Virginia State Alliance Conven
tion in session at Richmond endorsed in
its entirety the plank of the Ocala plat
form which siys: "That the Government
shall establish sub-treasiuies or deposits
in the several States."'
The Convention adopted this amend
ment: "And we fuitlier demand that our
Representatives iu the United States
Congi ess be given to understand that
unless thev can agree with lliesc demands
'.hey must give us something better or as
The committee on legislative demands
reccommend tha ie: 'irmation of the
Lynchburg demands, a! -.".o recommend the
appointment of'a legislative commiUee of
five to consider aud piesent to the Legis
lature matters of legislative importance.
The committee recommend the passage
of a law to iusure the full listing of
bonds, notes, etc, by requiriug them to
bear a onimis-iouer's stamp or lie un
collectable by process of law; a teaure-of-office
Act limiting the terms of cer
tain collecting and accounting officers,
both State and county, to two consecu
tive terms; a law giving to school trustees
a .fair compensation ; a law ' retaining for
the use of the agricultural department
the money derived from the fertilizer tax.
The committee also recommend the
favorable consideration of the resolution
iu reference to the public debt, affirming
the conviction that the provisions of lae
Riddleberger law should be carried out.
and condemning the use of coupons in
the payment of taxes; also, a resolution
asking fair treatment. for those interested
in the otyfer industjr against the en
croachments of capital and monoply.
They also reccommend for favorable
consideration a resolution .condemning
the fraud of 1873, by which silver was
The report was received and recom
mendations agreed to.
A resolution was adopted looking lo
the passage of a law to prohibit trusts
throughout the country.
THE FARMERS' TRUST.
An important scheme, the object of
which is to save the present crop of cot
ton from beiug speriticed, has been for
mulated in Columbia, S. C, and will at
once be pushed throughout this and all
the other cotton-growing States. E. M.
Stober, a prominent farmer-near Colum
bia, is the author of the plan, which has
already received jhe sanction of leading
alliance officers, and a special meeting of
the Richland County Alliance has been
called to take the ueccessary steps to put
the scheme into active operation. It is
proposed that trust companies, with a
capital of $20,000 or $30,000 be formed
in each county in the entire cotton belt,
aud receive as subscriptions to the cap
ital the one-thrid of the cotton crop
made by each cotton raiser in the county.
It is proposed io bind the trust compan
ies so lirmly that the cotton placed in
their trust can be considered the same as
if not iu existence, or destroyed, for the
next twelve months. At the expiration
of the period the compauies are to dis
solve aud ref urn the cotton held in trust
to the owners. By this means it is cal
culated lo hold the cotton supply for
this year down to about six million five
hundred thousand bales, and conse
quently bring the pi ice up to about ten
cents per pouud, as formerly received
with a similar supply of cotton in for
mer years. It is calculated that, uuderthe
present price of cotton, a farmer whose
crop is nine bales of ."i00 pounds each at
0 cents a pouud. would receive only $270,
whereas, if throughout the whole cotton
belt about one-third of the cotton is
withdiawn fioiu the market for one year,
his six. bales at 10 c ents would bring him
f:)00, aud leave him lo start next year's
crop with three bales on haud.
The fust trut comnauy will be organ
ized iu that couuty at once, and after the
plan shall have been formally endorsed
by the alliance ami that it will be is a
foregone conclusion - the necessary steps
will be taken to extend the organization
throughout the whole cotton belt.
Tfffc ARKANSAS ALLIANCE
The Arkansas State Farmers' Alliance,
in session at Little Rock, has passed res
olutions endorsing the Ocala demands
and favoring their enactment into laws,
especially the laud loan and subtreasury
features, and deuo idi iug the Fort Worth
convention of the o (ailed alliance men
as an abortive attempt of sthemiaj;
politicians and political trimmers, got
ten up for the sole purpose of side
tracking the great reform movement by
treating dissensions and divisions amonc
THE WE8TRUF 8UE-TREA8U RY.
The New York Sun says editorially:
The Westrup scheme for raising money
that has been laid before the Farmers"
Alliance of Kansas is far moie practic
able than the Sub-Treasury scheme. It
can be carried out without te assistance
of Congress or any political party, and
in defiance of the red dragon of Wall
street. It provides that the Alliance far
mers shall form a rinaucial society, put
their landed or personal p.opei ty into a
fund, and issue notes upou t!ie security
Of course the Alliance farmers will
suu certain risks by going into this
rcheme, and will evep be liable to lose
their real or personal property iu it. But
that is their own business. Of course
other people will have the light to re
fuse to take the uotes issued upon the se
curity given; but that may be the means
of saving them from losses to which they
would not be liable by accepting them.
At any rate, the Federal Government
is not held to any responsibility by the
Westrup scheme of borrowing; so that it
has at least one advantage over the Sub
Treasury scheme of the Farmers' Al
liance. PEFFER AND SIMPSON SPEAK TO PENN
Lebanon, Pa., Special jNotwith
standiud a heavy raiu at Mt. jGrelna a
crowd of about 10,000 persous congre
gated at the Farmers' Encampment there,
the special attractions being the speeches
of Senator Peffer and Congressman Jerry
Simpson. Both were listened to atten
tively and both paid their respects to
Congressman Br)sius,who, in his speech
yesterday attacked the Alliance, espec
ially in its Sub'Treasury schema. The
Hon. ChaunceyjF. Black of York also
spoke in the foJeuoon aud William M.
Derr of Lebauo t'in the afternoon.
The Sub-Alliances all over Union
county, S. C, a$e taking steps to reduce
the acreage of cotton, and to plant more
corn and raise more stock. At a meet
ing of the Sub-Alliance of Gibbes several
days ago the following resolutions
were adopted :
"Resolved, That the acreage of cot
ton should be reduced to teu acres to
Resolved further, That our delegates
to the County Alliance be instructed to
bring the matter before said Alliance, in
order to secure concert of action, as far
as possible, among all cotton growers.
In Vigo County, Indiana, the Farmers'
Alliance is protesting Hgainst the fact
that Axtell, the famous trotting stallion,,
is taxed at only $600, whereas he was
bought by his present owners two years
ago for $105,000.
rZ ii 1
It looks as if Europe will not only re
turn the seventy million dollars in gold
that she drew from us, but will add from
thirty to fifty millions more, all on' ac
count of the wheat she must buv.
Its Semi-Centennial Celebrated
With Imposing Exercises.
Shelby, N. C. Special. Over five
thousand people were present at the
semi-ceuteunial celebration of Cleveland
county iu spite of the inclement weath
er. The town -was gay with buutiug
and flags, giviug everything a festive
and joyous appearance. The procession
was formed at 10:i0 and moved through
the business portion of the town to Pop
peis Park, where addresses were made.
The parade was composed of tlje South
ern Stars military company of Lincoln
ton, Masons, Kuights of Pythias, Far
mers' Alliance and citizens. The exer
cises at the park opened with prayer by
Rev. Dr. J. T. Bagwell, after which
Captaiu J. W. Gidney read the act or
ganizing the county. Hon. M. H. 'Jus
tice delivered an address and .-Senator
Mat W. Ransom made an historical ad
dress, mentioning, among other things,
Cleveland's war record and closing with
a magnificent tribute to Adjutant Cicero
Durham, who was killed at Drewry's
Bluff. After the address an abundant
dinner was served by the ladies to every
body. At night the semi centennial ball
took place at the college. Music was
rendered by the Italian babd of Char
lotte. Dancing was indulged in until &
late hour. The next day the veterans
held a reunion and Senator Ransem
spoke in the place of lion. G. W. San
derliu. who wa9 injured iu the' wreck n
the Western North Carolina road while
ou hiway here. The day was pleasant
JERRY SIMPSON IN CHARLOTTE.
The Flood Sept the Others Away,
but Jerry Got In.
Charlotte, N. C, Special. -This
has been alliance day in Charlotte.
It was the day set for speeches by Col
onel Polk, Mr. Willets and Mr. Simpson,
and though the storms brought about a
number of discouragements at the start,
the farmers eventually had a most suc
cessful day of it. Heavy rains prevailed
throughout this section in the night and
in the morning, and the swollen streams
and boggy roads cut off hundreds of
farmers, yet, for all that, there was a
large crowd here.
They congregated about the streets at
an early hour, and when it became noised
about that not a single one of the ex
pected speakers was here they began to
feel pretty blue.
Colouel Polk and Mr. Willetts had
started for Charlotte from Raleigh the
previous evening, but were detained by
the washout on Little river. The farm
ers were talking gloomily about their
bad luck, wheu there came a sudden
change over the aspect of things. The
vestibule train had come in from the
north in the meantime and had landed
no less a nersouaire than Jerrv Simnson.
i - "o J i
He had come unannounced to the Cen
tral, and no one kuew who he was unti
he had put his inscription on the regis
ter, "Jerry Simpson, Kansas." Before
Iih PAiibl bp ncuicrnpd tit n mnm tViP farm.
ers were introducing themselves. The
news of Jerry's arrival quickly spread
and caused great joy among the farmers.
After, perhaps, three-quarters f an hour,
the balnd struck up a lively air, which
was a signal for a general move to the
auditorium where the speaking was to
take place. , A committee escorted Mr.
SimpsonlM S'ihe hotel to the auditorium,
aud the (AVftt' followed.
Mr. SfijllLm was introduced by Cap
taiu T. L.TV ail, president of the Meck
lenburg CAuoty Alliance. He made a
speech tliofroughly in sympathy with the
auuieoce, vor the cheers werp. not. nnlv
frequent, tMjt tremendous. He
strongly in nvor oi a thir&rpatty.-
ri-ematnir roiK auu ieciurer w nieirs
arrived at 7 a. in., and both spoke to a
large audiefnee at the Opera House.
Gov. Dattisou did not kiss the lady;
she kissed him. And what is more,
neither is ashamed to say so. Last Wed
nesday the Press published a dispatch
from Pittsburg which described the event;
aud sea'.ed in a parlor car, just before
starting for Spring Lake yesterday, the
Governor related his side of the story.
"On Tuesday, while in camp," he said,
"four ladies, I think, came tQ the tent I
occupied and were introduced. They
evidently belonged in the neighborhood,
and just as evidently were farmers' wives
aud daughters. After the introduction
one of them, a lady GO years old, I
should think, said, "May I kiss you just
once, sir?' "
As the Governor reached this poiut of
hss story nearly every other tourist in the
car was looking at aud listening to him.
The tr . in had not lei t Broad street sta
tion, and his tones were audible. He"
noticed the interest snown in his tale,
and hesitated a moment. Then he add
"Well,, she asked me, and I I said
she could kiss me."
"Where was the exact spot?" asked
"Here," replied Mr. Patlison, with his
finger touching his right cheek half way
between lip aud ear and north-uortheat
from the socket of his jaw bone.
"Yes," he added dreamily, looking
out the window at a truck load of trunks,
"she kissed me."
"Did you kiss her?"
"Me? No sir."
People nearby chuckled.
"Will Ibis establish a pieceJcnt?" saic
the Press reporter'.
Gov. Pattsou started almost imper
ceptibly. "I I dou't know." he replied.
Then the Haiti started.
This Lynching Failed.
Grkknvili.e, 8. C, Special. Wed
nesday night, twanty miles below here
a party of thirty-five white men started
out to lynch a negro who had been cap
tured after having attempted to outrage
a white woman. The man confessed his
crirce, and was prepared for death. On
the way through the woods, the lynchers
gradually fell away and on the arrival at
the place appointed for the hanging there
were only four white men left. These
were from another part of the county,
and after consultation they decided as
the people of the community where the
woman lived, had backed out they Mould
have nothing to do with it.
Thev turned the Uegto looe and told
him to "git." The negro has disappear
ed. Spoiling men nrc aiixio.is to find
aud employ him as luck against them.