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0 / 75
S V :
Ell WIN, Pun. & Tjvo.
IS PUBLISHED EVERY TUESDAY,
'. AT THE FOLLOWING
Ttfrrocopy for one year .(in advance) v
i .,. : -i '': 3 months credit
'nn ,lall:ir rtr sounre (12 linos or less)
Ktha first insertion and twenty five cents fojacl:-sab-seuent
publication, provided sue!j adver-ti-iQineiit
be ordered for one month or more.
A'lv'ertisQmentsless Mma ine month charged
one ilollar for! eiich insertion. ' ,
Legal notices charged sis dollars iri.cachj case.
Liberal deductions made; on yearly advertise-
"Communications must be directed to
'L -V EliWI.
THE LAW Oil NEWSPAi'EUS.:
I. Sabcribers jy'ho' do nit iy e; ex press rjoticc'j
to the contrary, are considered as wisiung io
continue their subscription.
, 2. If subscribers order the' discontinuance of
their newspapers, flie publisher may conttyuo
to ie-il them uiitilliall arrearages, are paia
3. If suhsoribei-1 neglect, or ref'u to
i l,Ir hp vrTi:iricrs "from- the office to which
nrrt dirft-ito i. tliev are he I.
they have settled bills and
nnt.iinini'. - i
4. If subscribers move to other places with
out informing Hie publishers' and the '.newspa
pers ar; sontto the former- direction, they, arc
held responsible. ' I ; M I -
S Tim i.mi'rtH have decided, that ivefusinglto !
toifo timrennnprfi from: the- ofiiee or rcmoiviiig
anil leaviug them uncalled for, is prima .
evidence orintchtional fraud. . i I
C.- the United States Courts Imvcalso repeat
cdly decided that:.:i. Postmaster win neglects to
perform his duty "i? giviiig reasonable no.tie as
rcj-iirel by the Piist Qffi5e Department ofj the
riegleot f.fa person to take fr-ni the f!ice iiCws
paper.s addressed to 'him "-reiwlers the Po.ftmass
tor litblc to the publisher for the. subw:ri:tion
priccl ;''',. j i -'' ' . : .'; :
G. W. LO G AN,
ATTOK'SEY XT LAW,
JtC'WIERFOIlB TOX, A (.
WiJLL attend to ay business.; intrusted
Ihis care, in Western North Carolina.
I .CJS U It
II I L L f
uui'minFoiiDTos, x. c., . .
V'ill nractice iu the Courts uf this Judical!
dan. 7, !So8.
ATT O 11 N !: Y
RvruvuiwiiDTuiX, x. a,
practice 'iii' the. 'Courts of Henderson
Jjoncom'be, McDowell, Bi'irkq
, Iluthei-ford, Pii;
and Cleavelanl counties.
TaiV. 7,. I808. r ' !v
I 1-1 v
C. -T. N. D
A V 1S
WILL practice in the Cuntis of Hender
son, Buncombe Mclovell, Burke, llutlw-'
erford, Polk nn.l Cleavelaud," and Suprem&
Coiirt at MoVgantoh. .. I'.. . f."
May 11 m. vV i 10-tf.
Sr, J. W HABB.IS,
UUtllKREORDtOpvjN. C., I
ViTFU LEY tenders his professional
i . -
es to the citizens o
ttt his Dru store.
l-, 1H58. !
'1 V I
C. BEOHTER 8C SON
Watch ' JS Makers,
.'HAM UFAOTV.fi BKS . OF- -jk'WKLKV &t.
' S 1 A fit A N ii U 11G , S. 0.
K. M. ROBINSON,
$ rASHIONABI,!! TAILOR.
tA : I .1 .... '
m i . :
RUTIIERFOIiDTON N. C.
KjiNov. 22. 1850.
45 tf. ?S
US his nci-viees to tho citizens of the
surrounding country In the abwe business
AiiiiustO: 1859. v 'M-y. -
Stoves ! Stoves ! !
ESPECTFL;LLY informs the citizens of'
.Vltutherford county that he will travel through
the county prepared to supply every family
vith, the celebrated Iron Witch '
Alo other kinds and at Charlotte JViWs. '
Sept i'oV'58. ! ' - . ',; 35-3m.
THE Subscribers t( the Western Eagle and
thoso indebted for advertising or other
work ilon in" the office, are most respcctfolly in
forrSed that th settlement of their accounts will
be, ccnslJ&reJ a rery twit favor i we must' have
the rajviey aad cat wait no longer.
m L. P. EUWIN. !
m iFroir. Korili Caf.litiaPreobytPi:ran.
A .teller fioiiitiie HoIyX;ud;
A friend in this State', ljasl'kindly placed ;j
at our 'disposal a etter,wsitien not long since !
I in Jerusalem. ';flp$tcT. lsthe. Hev. 1- C. )
j IJittingcr, a memhcr .t Urr.iigo rcsoytery
! and at present a Chrlaiti in the Uiiiled
States Navy. Mrj" Ittiuger io with lour
' M fd tfcrra fjcav.&qtu. i rob ; and having objuin..
cd leave of absence for ji short time; niatle a
flying visit to those p'lacjps s familiar by njainc
t6 evj-ry Iililc re;uL'V,.ijind so dear to vory
piaus heart. '' He passed rapidly t h roil ghj f he
i, Country, not liavind thi;tnii.e,ir.he. mu jliiart:
J the inclination to malic ny new ihvestigaj ions,,
i in IMblical Archoilosyl: and his later is the
hurrigd account thajt lvvcs'.a frienu ofitke,
sighf-i he saw and tho jfoeli'ngs he Kadi as
place after place; whs 'jresented. written J too
without any expectation that it would: Do
published. " ?ut, thoatih the pbees arc tfiose
which have often ljme been described by
traveflers, and about wlieh little new 'cart be
said: 'they a re. places flint are ialways intelrcs-
Imir to U!,.lroni the sacred associations qou
nectcd with, them : andwo never tue m lii-ar-v
ing aip intelligent trayIer .speak of then
We givs some extr.cts 1 ; j i i
iFHOM DAMASCUS UO JEltUSALKM.
!4I th the city of daniascus, I; confess,
with tjiiifeig.ned regret j jfor I liyd made se .cr
al frieinls jhere to AvliOiii I felt no little at
tached . I wciU out by! a very diilercht gate
from that whereby L enCered it, 'vjassiug- tliro'
a crowded street '.-andr hv. '.fragrant- ardens
over shadowed by npfie -trees. Tradilion ;
its this beautiful city and this :
am to tonn the
si'ie of the lost and!
Paradise : and Certainly ' there is.m
very much, to confirm nc i:i t:;C ooinioif
This beautiful and welliiwatored olace. abdun
diijgwttlt luxurious gardens, and sweet scent
,ed ilowers, and ore uirjs, of fruit trees
well as its gcogrnphjcal jposition between
seas, its perfect cliiiiatc its streams of v:i
rcfleciing by day the sujn and hrmame.ut.
bv nihl t'le'iiifoon and; the stars : and
i ts ;
: niajesjic" frame work -oil mountain scenery-
do.c !gued by Godto be oiie of tho niost iippo'
sing and attractive cities -in the world ; for
in the; sun light, ' it appears like a fairy and
of cnchautme.it, -I'cjisI cine long, lingejring
look oyer! the beautiful city, waved tny jian'd
jtowatds it, and then lef it forever.' I
"I rpda all uajtn rojLiiii a largo plann and
it a huinber of Bedouins mi horsebackl who
s e e m e d t o p r i d c t h e m s c
lives x)i coing tnrouirn
a number, of exertisesJ and riding sivtftly
uiuuio us;-, i
. . 1 A .1. - I ....:: 1 . . ' '
roads hear the niountatft very deep,
some places falsest impassably, tind ordered
my dragoman to pitch, liniv tent hi' a small.
viilagu oi little ok no i i It crest,! named Kafor
V ' I .'-.,.., 1 - ' : , .
niht after a
t ' ' iJ':.
r was in the
4Larl.y the next morning.
saddleiand on mv way for I
enter llorv Jiaiid. for there wai vcrv lit
now tliis side of it to! interest:) me. j ilfojund
Mount; llcrmon coverediwith snow : thes roads
in some p'aces, uncommonly bad :
1 " ' IT 1 ' 1 T 1
arid 1 Had
great (iithcuty in crossing the mountai
the wind was hiuli.
. 1 ! . ' I Jt 9 -
Hut oil! I urged niy
ble Arib al1 the c
frozen,! for it beca
' I ordered my
little v Page nam
I felt almost
in 1 e usei y
. 4 '
'(rc,:ij-ca I'hilipp .'Ji
covered with Uhc
ancient buHuings v and nere afejthe
of the liver Jordan, which flows from
he old rivers Ithlt" have been partly
covered by slides tcatf.Ii
and rock of
mounta;in. " i r--. " i his is my
first tiitht on HolvTiand :; aiid licrc it hvas
that our blessed Lord sjafd to!' Peter, i'Qn
this rock wili I build iny church and - the
gates of hell shiill not prjvail against itj
4ilu the first light of ;hc norning I
. .... i . : I J r- i 5 i
upj'-visiiing the ruins
ind the. sources ot
Jordan for I -waai now tin Holy Land J
was becoming. ac(junintbd with ' place and
sec nes hallowed by. the p-resence aud -thel foot
steps, of Christ.""" From tthis day forwajrd, I
It '1 mt i
tor visit and become .familiar with every.
t .. B - 1 - a.'
thing identified :wjth it.be Sak-ior's birth and
life, suffennirs andldeatli -The irrouud is no
longer comuion ca th; but Ildl v land. sancti-
'I. left Cixjsare i Philipi.. ppd passe(
ring the morning through the modern
and purchased a -number ot ancient coins
then through the extensive
and olives, and various dthcit trees
througli the plain untill I icached .a" Hpid
sircain ru'liiii' down frrlm' tUe- inf,i;ntauis of
Lebanou. which tiirncdl liiill f verv sin'mi
!ar and simple styhl of w'prkiiTanship. t was
nothing! more than a Jicfrizoi tl wheel, and
the water pouring down! a spout struck' the
arms anU turned it round: fof
the upper end
oi l iie.: axie was aUached to
p . i ;. i i J. . ' ! . -
hbo uie. water turned jtjroui
d. Tlp htusea
in this eounirv are al ( hi
the one yln'ch
will describe it
itands -by this old milly Ind t
as I Saw! -it while niy hobc was drthkirid:.
Stone w'alls. -plastered ikvithln and wilhout
with n.ud : the rodf ebnlists
poles eh'nding aeioss Ifrush
and U) vercd w i t h n i ud ; h id
: .1. . I : i
is iiieu pri'sseu
By a st oh e roller, hot'unrikd
own garden. Thcfloo.ris p
nrc piacc - no wnidows.ibut
f-dr which I rode
doors. 1 1 found the ground o
uring the day eovjercd ikith
lowers of chrerv
Lueu; aacf Dc(i , soincwuafe ' tn a 1 vuiu ii.v eccucs uinis ut.uuiiuuu uiiu oufcu,vje&US me liame CILl J nitm.
ail Uift tjayfi siglit simplieit and comp
vvVAf I in i n fl cniYnr i. Ii n,i ,1 . it 1 si ' J m A Ti . II a IiaoI einif miuJ ntihpiil-nn f.ni-i-i Pmvi."! K l'i I. i
s 1 . S
hu?. And did thev riot iiiark fhc footstens.'.nUuiitains of Gilbca Saul lost Lis army and
of our Lord ? He must! ccrtaiolv have fass
ed tliisiway., At khci vlllaiibjof 31allaha I
pneuea; niy tent, tind! aid nyself down to
pleasant breams.; I have felt all.' dav that 1
I have bcleii literally ' follow
' r fit. . ! 1 '' ' B
ing the footprints
01 jurist. And every stop
And every stop- I took increased
j in interp'st; so thai 1 fond my Bible M as
;-guou a guiae 01 this country and. its sa
lytuiuiep, as 11 was eighteen hundred years
ago.; jvcry spot seemed toj be hallowed by
ins presence, every flower nurtured by Ilia J
blood, and every hill and vullev, lake and
mouhtai li, consecrated by his teachings, and
miracles, and life. '"-. ! . p r .''' .. )'
' -7iiV'..'.,; .' " '!;, ! ! j' j
V'l then ordrred tnv dragoman. gend tho '
fcnts .on to Mazaretl);; !and abot 9 o'cloelc i
the morning; t . east a last lingering look'over
the sea of Galilee aud its surioundini;splain
and iiQuntaini, and passed the h6t bathsj so '
celcioratctl fir their uue4i2al properties They ;
stand upon the sea-shore, and have been eel-,
ebratedfjince the- dciys of the Uo'uan Euipos '
rors.. The water issues froiir tiiej side of the
hillin the vicinity, and in grri (fwaniueV'
U exceedingly liot, tfhjjj JgiqoiWi'ulercd alih'ost
a ppecitic for" rheumatism :uid .neiir;ilgi:i All
this is luiUowcd ground, and all Jthcsc asso-
ciaijrtjfs.am holv, and all he$e prospects are
UV"UllfUI, ill! IIICIU !." 1IU (JI lrill
tu anient beridinir lovely over it.
weighed down bv the presence of!
You almost imagine you sre on its shore? the
loptstops ot our Lord, and tiut voki near his
blessed voice floating over the waters 'Pe'aee,
be sti . IV.ierv he sti I
'1 rode on and ordered tle drairoman ii to
. prepare lunch in '('ana of Galilee.' a small
viHaire where our. blessed Sattour perfirnied
liis first" niiracla whei-ej Hhe?inodtst water
saw its God and blushed.' It is situated Jon
the slone of a small hilli from which T li.ul a,
noble view of the v!ley. 1 In this small v'iN
iiui;u iiiuic i! a j i ec.h ciiurcii- . jiic wans are
covered with poor paintings, intended to iep
Iresent hunierous event! connected with the
pavior s birth and litej siifl'erinirs and death.
Two old stone jars; made-of common clayiof
the country, or rather roekj were shown
as the ongi nal vessels 'that -eon'tui tied the vja- ')
ter whicu Christ converted into wine I :ls -''
Iced to sec toe rest of t lie jars, and was told
thatithey had been sent to Eifiiland I
"'Yonder is N:tza:eth; the birth place, it is
saidi of i he Yiririn Mary, All yesterday's"
ridpjfi'rom the sea of Galilee (to Nazareth, i
! deeply interested nie, fori was drawing near
he place where our blessed Lord spent most i
of his life. ' ii ere 'lie was brought up.' The ;
j fun .was throwit.g. ltsvjast beams along the
; sides of the mountarnsas well as gilding tjiu
ills-round about Nazareth, which is by la r
the most beautiful town in Palestine. Itrts
picturesquGly situated, its white stone hous
es occupying the sides of high hills audi a
"i wandered over
tic -hill "sidesi and
li rough this valley, and felt that hero the
lerejtho sunshinej'eipupou Ilis pathway, and
icre the windsfanbed -IHs brows, and here
' innioT with H is Father. Everything in ;oi"
?bout Nazareth, more or less reminded ine of
Iim i who owned the universe, inlaid with
ta-oi ids and systems, and yet had no place jin
iiiis.ouuuuiehs ciupire io can ins own- no
place to lay Jiis head
It was hallowed
incoming deeply impressed by fhe jsacrediiejs?
f the assrfciat ions and the influences vvhicli
are around, mm, and beneath hum, and over
un.: ,1 then visited t
ic old church of the
Annunciation, which is
urrder the eare of the
Superior of the Convent. Prom
double lnght tt steps! leads to
lich contains the hiilrh ultar4
the . place
; stairway leads between i these to
which is shown as the Iside of the bouse of
ine biessea v lrgin : fjingie cnamoer. witn u
.', ' 1 , 1 IT' 1 ,1 I
! small.rceess beyond it, j iri which stands an":
; aiiar wmcn is saia io peine piacc iwnereiue
rgin received the annunciation, tliat froin !'j
r should be born the Saviour of the world j !
the rear of thil is anotlier locality, said tq
the place whe,-e stood the house of one pf
Qseph's friends, who took; care of his house,
urirg his flight into Egypt. Another liousje';
jvisitcd wiiich my guide toid i nie was ttyej
i V n- t . -f . .1' . . 1 . ! .'
ihrks hop ot Josen h : and another sti Whic n
c told , me was the onej ip . which Jesus tu6jk
is last supper with Ins disciples. In the
centre of this last, there is a large " sforie about;
uie size of a dining tabfe. Frotif .my n'Midof.!"
in the Convent, . I have ii very good view ofj
, ATazateth and its surroundings.: Yonder iii;
1 1 he distance, is Mount Tabor ' which tradition
isavs was the mount of Transfiiruratbn : and
ot far distant is the .Mount of Precipitation,
h here! the people of Naiareth ! intended tb
tji!e sacred record informs us, Ho escaped out
i . . - - . . -. ' .. . . ! - ;
j ot their hands. J he inhabitants ot this yn:-
lile have a verv different appearance froni
!'W people I have seen jin the country rountt
Sp'out Galilee. They are of a higher and.nq-
llilcr (casjt ; ' of race more intclljgeni,-r-fincr
jJntenauce-r-darker eyes, and more cqm-
i" i4-nd,uig appearance." 1 1 ; . i
"I then proceeded on my way,and passed
pse ly Mount Tabor which stands in 1 1 1 9 h
- l lillJtin of Esdraelon, and had as noble a pa'np
I limia of mountain scenery ' in vietw, ! as is to be
i flund in the world. Yonder, tin the far off!
; dUtahce. 'was the blue outline of. the nioun?
! tiins'of Moab, and Mount IefipQrij and thi
1 show covered summits; ot Jebauon, . 4 h
; vhllev of the Jordan stretches far awny t.Q th'el
: I f - ' i - i v .::, !
: Sjoutn, and jjnuor arm i a in, 01. sueicu imti;
; c$t. and Jezreel on the otner side qt tuem,
l This plain of Esdraelon hiis been the theatro;
of uuuif battles.; Here Sitera was conquereij
hfcrc the MidiaMtes were vainquiiihed by Gidej.
oh! and his hnfndfull of liien. and 011 ,the
1 kaiidom and life heie many ; of. the most
i sA iiiuinarv ' bottles )f ithe Crusades
Mijiglit, and Jost, and woii ; aud here it wa$
that Nanoleon fourht the battle which he
t called Mount Tabor, where the great ejiiej tanji
! A Ue with a handfullof men to rescae Kleber
a id bis fifteen hundred men surrounded by
tlventy:five thousand cn'emies.'fi I
Then foliows a niiimtQ account ot the wrn
tifts visit to Samaria, and the various in ter j
ground on wincn l stood ; these .were hm.i my -first entrcnee into Jerusalem be (orm? ' t "V '"TT"- IV
i toT ivinds which fanned my cheek : and these ie,, !" - i i ; arjncrs weraiie to prouueo u at ine natu:
tl'di were holy influenres which surrounded inei 'Jr , . , n marketpry yi hado give wai be.orc
: Ic is not to be envied, but to be pitied, who ':TU;Rf the conpctit0iWl , llus' theiUn,td
! Lid. stand where I stood, and Vthe hU 8 ' f lmt;1.oU,eC:- - ' States, bnd bJhute th,enJp eat l raisi, g
i k..i...:i :..1i;.M:.Ju..fi.,. ' .1.1 l'eace be within.thy wnlli nA ,r,een erons. ' WitlNTTese the are tiri-
cgting localities iu
ium- in ue- cojjieu .iriii) ujir columns. v
conclude our extracts this veck, with his
impressions'npon first criterion the j Holy
'City-: : ,- :-j :'.! ; :y.?i
'Ji then rode -to tlie . of Jl , M$$
ihhi com wtm dcc(' a- vhw of ti c iinHt rci ar-
table city ott'eattri.and enjoyed, iuVu-tp coti
rempiation, a prinprana
ana sacred places. V Wlnelv is a owed '. ito lew
in tliis World , and I raised tny 'cup and
thanked God that by Hi Kind providence, I
was permitted to see the holy hills tround
aboiit Jerusalehu and the it y of the Great
King. -, My iCyes gized upon the vitK and
its t,aered places, and the holv seniilclire. j
and where God s tetiiple 'once stood, as: they
never gazed before I am drawing near tho
Holy City, and the Very firmament itself
seems to bend" herein lower: adoration wvet'j
the Mount of Olive? and the Garden (i!
uetiisemane, l,iiLi-a,;y anti 4he Sepulchre ot
the Saviour ot the world. J he city ot Jcrusa - -
lem lsurrounded b-mountains; It is a city
cf domes, and ! lninarets, and i uiomhuents
and i.s digucrreutyped upoi. ' .iy mind and en
shrined in niy soul I forever . Yonler, riirht
bejore me, simlitig and glittering; in the Iiolv j
sunshine lay tl;e city ot David in a its'ni-a-T
jesty and beauty : aiid there1 stood, as io the'
ua)s o: ioraiianj. ana Isaac, and Jacob, and
wiieu ue.-u-eu uy: us. conouerors anu lata
. .. : i i . - t-i .
Waste and desiioyod. Mount loriah, Mount
Zion, nnd the Mount ot Olives, hallowed by
the life, and suff riugs, and death of t hi Son
of God. My approach' to' the city of Jerusa
lem on the North', by the Damascus gate was
extn inely beautiful, though the hills which
encompassed it wereartlus tune without- ver
dure, and the tocks without sublimity,! and
the gardens without flowers . '"How doih
the city tit solitary that -was full'" of people !
llow lias she ecoine a widow, she that was
great among the nations, and princess among
the provinces ! how has she become, tributary !t"
jl am now lidinig near the wtlls of the ; Uoly
pity of my Lord and my God, mid I am now
gazing with wonder; and ad:niration"upoiflts
minarets and towers and battlements ; and I
.bowed my head and heart as I passed under
the grand archway of llvevDauiaseus gatc, and
lieali'ed. with ifotfrtHnarv realization: the
dream and the'desire of iny soul,, My inind i-
was thc-iueatre of strange emotions, too deep
fpr-iitterance. ! Kvcry 'step and. every; lootc
was full of the profoundest interest and tcu
dercst sorrow, for my feet were within; thy
iratcs. i 0 Jeribaleiit, over which "Jesus
wept rM jThatik God lam in Jcrusaletai. '
r ' Fr a m n.y ca rl i es t re m e u i b ran ce, when
my mother taught ie to lisp the name of
world :' and
I and iiiflJirf
, i snail nc cr.
until I ascend to her God
to herFaihcr and my Father,
jbrgetlthc feuclcr eiLMtionsthat flooded iny
loul. aa;! gazed upon the high and unsteri.ms
walls ;tvat compass the -Holy Ulty which coft
j tains Viie temple I of my Lord.
1 ;" . L
And prosperity within thy palaces!
For my brethren and companions' sakes,
I will nov say. Peace be within thee !'
Because of thej house of the Lord our; God,
I will geek thy good !" 1 !
- - . 'v I". i: VV V!;:'!; 111 'v3A'
. rvEviVF.D Ilbpps of Italy. The Jiopes
oi ine oium mi., ueiiiiai nuiy uiiguieu. n
seems as it nothin; bijt some blunder' or rash
impudence on the part of her Ieaderscau prc
., 1 , , .. .
tent ncr-rrom grasping, the glorious realities
of freedom and tiiationality'; for vvhicli she
i nas so yearncu ana struggled.; he -Iras tea-
son to, rejoicp over the impedinicnts -which
prevent the, organization of ihe; Congress;
every 'month pf jdelay makes her; position
more solid anil secure. I here
i4 no i niihiirvi
or intcrnationaVlaw whiclishould forbid the
i I . . 1 - n
ultimate recognition by Europe of the epu- j
solidation and unity ;of,her proyrTfces. jFrance, !
h n and. and the rrotesf.mc St n ton spent r..,i
i dy to do so ; and, iif she holds out long- and
bravely, and wisely;' Austria and her: little
! circle of deperidon eics must sooner or later
acmiicsce in thje independence and soverein,-
! ty of the newj Stiitie,
least,Mheir hands are'
r or . the present, at
fhe forcible re-
i tnrri nf thrrxilfd 'riib-rsnf Tnsr-niv iiiid tlif
l i. . l : . 1 ; x . in
Duchies, in the! face cf the oppdsitson of the.Lsotii'c pains o resfore to the soil' sojiiie pof-
5 French and English Goveinments, and of thw
ti or.-il KPiitiiiretit of tho wnrM. msv hi-rpimi d .
ed aslmost impbssible. ; The probleni f
! the llom'agna seems, also, on the point of be-.
-ing fiapily spped J -I i ,J
Among these revised hopes of Italy we must
not pass by the! proud triumph of Count Ca
' vour. who has been made ministea of Foiciirn
i Affairs in Sardmiittho gerin and root ,f the
proposed new State of Northern Italy. Wire
I! lip lost power, the cause ot Italy, tost hope ;
for he was the brave and prudei.t "guardian
and guide of the nation in its. struggle for
independence, j 1 pe grcaisiaiesman . snows
when! ti yields ail JJavosr's ; voluntary te-.
tiremcjit from public life, contrary to the
wishes of the people, whose idol lie was, and
his forbearance towards plans wliich . he
deemed iiicxpediciit and unwise, showed a
spirft of qnselljshtiess and eIf-coTitrol which
is the blithest glory, of the ir.c patriot. His ;
vindication has come speedily, and is conw
pleto for he finds himself restored ttt power. ;
and elevated to one of the uiost'influential pc
sitibns in Italy, at the time when liisi own
policy seems to be tt a fair vy tobc restored
and justified, and wtiien he himself can; be of
the most service irisecuring arid uiaintatning
1 for his country her fair an just- position as a
free and independent Statc.-r-A. 4'.iuur.
Comir.erce. . '. .
AYc supptise tli at toleration ts carried
finite far enotigli wfien men tolerate in
tolerance.. - .1 '.;;,; j v,'-. 'y-. :. , A:4ri
Life's great success is a liapy Leart,
and "a good conscience the test estate.
Who Lath them, ,
' I rFroin ibc .lnoikliii QhservVr. y j i
The.followit.rr nriifh. fr.mi ihh'.jYel Vnrl
Tojus. is sugivslive of the future. We havfe '
often thought of the subject of wii;eh ik
treats, In conis:toni with o!ur rowu qoiintryl, I
Ifichce our -solicitude'' to
see : n avrn'tMiltural
yoy-d, 111 tUt'P 'leuy of .: n'ued in our ounty, -ihVnk'u.gl ' t
of ludtovred ftpUm miUut result ur the Vci lnatbti ..f Jur vsL
1 .jud.$' into fertile fields
i input is general lauioniist .ur larin
soineriiinsr ,mut oe uone, or; our pop
must leaye. ! Is! tt liwt singular that
i : -. - i . - i-
tnis sentiment is so general.! we reei'ive
iew restMinses to our nropusuiun io orgainae
an ari'icuhural associattou t "l'hrou'0 ! 9,m-
society we: have hopoof to: arouse, public sin
- ' .i" I
timenr, awukeu emmify,. induce -cter lai
mers to rt-ad n''rii-ii!tur,d works. instSir-
pWvou rivalry j in -the bpt. nictlids
m,..i..i,i ,; (....n,,! -c.i;to ' iL,.. .
t increased love of care for tl e
awakeiij itHiuiry as
ine oest nietuou oi pro-iueing nianu
obtaining the lifcaviest , " ieldiof, grain
and in fact to .spread peacJ atid priis'periiy
tliroiigTiottt our. "borders. "Head, thelj artie
1 1 '"-1.1 ' "I .1 !-- f:i
oeiow, anu men say orotner iarnier it ydu
-will not join with the editors of the (Jpservir
tor a general can to organize at -riich cuurt,
U agricultural societv?
DBA lit II
OF. POOD 'A St AIL
We published yeterday a; temarkable let ter
from Liebicr, the !u re at German che'ihist, au-
.dresscvl to Mechi, the famous English
ud'oii that most momentous !of all sub! una
themes; tho prodticlion of coin. lie shows
that t Lcicrr: prpd ucin'g,- power of .the cvjl.ue
cultivated ; countries ot the globe j ' rap.id
bee(j:iitng;exii:iutred ; tluMVit is owing
.i i i- . i -
:ruain mat ineueciLne nas not oeen inore
rapid and InMn-uiiiiSnccd ; bui that t!i a lixisli i
supply ol Gtllino, u it continues to be
meo!d'!s preseiM rati, 'will not last
thluutwehtyvfivv or thirty yeans at the?
i war or
He predicts iice'yrdinglv, l hat unless
pestilence, or f;iuiiue, or emigration ,ei
-large! y diiiMiiishes tujaiypulation 7'
.'older eouiitvies, they wTTTund themselves, it
no very'distant day. if the existing system f
cultivation be;- pursued, in actual ivant if
bread 'add; the jvlilthusiati theory Will thus
receive ari early and certainly unlocked fwr
exemplification. ; : ' j
; These' conclusions, thus; .massed p ogether
are so startling that, even when' they come
from eminent scientific me.n wic finljs Sonic
difficulty in aeecpti)!f them V Hat la very
cursory 4'nspccltoti.of what is actuallyoe
anu in Xiiirope, piaccs ii'Cii "uejicrai coiryex-
ncss beyond doubt. i!For j many ycari befre
-repeal. of tho,-Corn laws, -in., l4t Kr-
laud was onlyl'rtabled to ireep tip the supply
- , x- '.; i . u.i ii i
oi yiiBiii nr ucr wa population uy lie exi
tence of high protective duties; and! cons-
fjuently a 1 high ! price . for bread and I.w
standard t)f living on the part of the uiasss.
As soon as the duties Were removied. t
ving, as pel imps iirey never- iiirovu ucioiv
.-.: - j- .1. . i : .1 i .r .
but the annuaUyic'.d of home growra wheat
has been enormously diminished', ankl tenglisli
"brea i is now inaiiily the product of jte Las
tern steppes and Western prairjes. purchastid
with Uritish manufactures. .
It is howcveri notorious thct
J . B
exhaustion i.s now sbowiniir itself in
which have been loiiirest'i under cultivation
here, aiidcorn is ceasing to be a .pfofitabPe J
' . 1 ... I t II . I. . 1.1 .
i; prouuet unougu -au-iuc ivisicni
u w i i in i; i a o u ,t a 11 u c i o i n , ;
"VT i rixirik i
the.yield per. aciv is rapidly diinlnishii-g ;
"and as the nW;CsS of exhaistioiiT;oes f on
seek our biyad liirt lier w!est', lit
ncr m any.
and Kastcm Mimipe f he! same : (J
lertuitv is also to oe witnessfnl. , tne cause
i beinir every whei;e the sauie the co itiuu
extraction from the Soil
oiouucilveucb", wu nouk uiu mu.uh.-m. uiiimiijii.
i .. . . 1. .. 11 i i. i.
! at ineir lesioratiioo. . uw.ing io ine aouii
t6 tllC: 2
lave s liar
i da:;cej of land, with whiqh we 1
blessotlj our landers haye; rarely tauten ; tue
trouble to !iannretheir liefds. Iheyj found
theiii vifiiin soil jShey uet all they cini-out of
.i.S... '-Aa ...i..J Lri.-.v.. ...i. iu
v.. il ... i . .J: : ii.. :.. i-...i. 'J.i!
Upurope.land especially ' iii
neecssitv has cuiiitielled the cultivator to taite
k tioh of the yitalifyof which his crops teh yer
'', deprive it 1 he fudm irv farmyard n::
. I i. 1 ..
in 11 re
was long relied ott tor. this purpose ; iput even
that at Jasteeaseo to produce the required
e fleet. ? Guano tlierr made its appearanc?,
byt accord! i g to; Liebig the supply of guai o
oatinof last much nirr, and this odea e c-
ha,usted,' sonic incliis mustle devised of su(
plying .its place, b the people of ihojcjvinztjd
world wil! sooii hipd themselves Iace to tare
with a deficiency oV bread-a crisis whili. if it
did not caiise absolute famine, vould ccrt-uh-,
ly entail !a deseentJo a much lower, ktianduijd
of living, and cortvspondirtg ufpraP degrada-
J The formula pniwhich all thUgloonjiy forp-
bailing is b iscd iija! very simple the. To
1 - 1 - i.r i 1
reudcr and keep sdrCprod active, the elementjjj
-..1: i.'-.i. r.. .1.1 -t. ..i. iJ'1. ll 1
which are wnnuraii in ine n inei i;iusi pe
restoredi. The ordinary bar.ivard lnauureM,
where thnse are iused, partially u'hee! or'tlijis
purpose; but only partially. They leave
every year a deficiency ; "ind tins dcticimicy,
multiplied by fifty 'or one hundred gives in
its fitial: result, .total barrenness.
Would ; supply the r.eed, if 1 he supply were
inexhaustible. As it isiwtso. Liebig; insists
that ?e must fad back on h sewerage jof
towns. I Thesp great consumers
whiuh niadera :..(iviusuwn.-!i:.ereatgvbnd
de ejoping on. such a 11 cnormou- scalci must
be iua.de tokqep up the (1 hiiity ufthe surround
iug country by diseharinir thoir 8ewerige ov
cr the fields instead of filling the harhurs and
choking the; rivcH with it. and aHoWing it.
to run to Waste. The ineehanical and. 2n:iii.
eering difficulties of such tuterprisb nrc no,
doubt great- 4ut not too grat, for j liiodcrn
science to ovcrtxime, if the farmer we0 que,
inaue sc.tsioie of the iconscquenco pf per(!l
vei;inee in the cxBting'modV of cultivation.
Thf political aspects of tthi.s (juwtio'tV. aro
V-v 1,0 wiU'
by 11a nioar.'s the. !east iiitcresUng; and impdv
growth imd prosp'evity ,of a nation
nro nor, luiki xxul ;ui:ivs continue to lie.
) 1 l. .l.A,..l ,
I -. s - . h' .-
i seit vv lien t.iat .power once leaves
l i . . I'll
it grcatuesi is no lijtigcr in its own.
! tuiiue was lavinciuie as .lung, as r.er oread was
the product of Italian farms. When
'ue-aii to draw, her supplies . frovn Sicily- aad
Africa, she was already on the uownward patli,
and she, involved ier granaries ir: th
fuiu as she suffered! herself. -AV J
A Letter fkom pit. -. Li vixostnxr. A t
a mccUug Ojf the Geographical and Statistical
S.jciety, a letter was read from Pr. Liv
ingVtono; the distinguished tr ivcl'erv ! ur.dr
.date o.f: '''ette, j; Zambesi, 22nd Pebruaiy,
1S59,'' from which iwb-cxtract tha following
interesting account of Iiis':!atc$f. '. 'diseo'veric n
'We ari all sn.'uitu sure now that dur
inpfaclrast eight'; iinonths of each year, rt
steamer of four or five feet cc,u!d trade wit !i
out ciiibarrassmcnt.i The reason why so lit die
has. boen known! about the Zimbesi mJiy
i have been the branching in the stormy pr
j uiontory by which1, it was hid from tpvvigafofs.
And these ejasy chair gcograpliers, dreataLi.
over the Geography of Ptolemy; actually put
down tne -ianibei as liowing into the sea at
Quilimanc, wliich, in.liis dy it 'probably Mid,
drop otZiUub'jsi witter in ordinary
circumstances reaenes i.rai. pore. liaa soai5
branch of the Anhi-Americans nlauted thlfr
s its ;; bank wo' are such a bib.
h I i n g n c ws pa per s o t t ! i c Wtf rl I won I d have
about it, long ago ; and no one
ventured to play with this river
doncj niakinir it lose itselfamj
is has been
the Oul hari river". J - ; !
Pr: Livirigstoiie and his party asccr.dod
branch' of this rivcr th6 SIiltc.V aud
gives .sonic account ot the people aud things
along l s .baliks: lie says : : ; ; r -'.-
fco far 4s- wc can .-ascertain, this live:' has
never boen explore! .-by Europeans ! bcf re.
One, part ojf the luxur'.ant valley of the S! ire
is marshy ; and ab'juudiiig in lagooiis, in whtcu
grow, great uantitijCs of the lotus plant.
Tlve peopljr were; busy colic jtingr, the! tubers,
wliich, when boiled or roasted, resembled,
e h est nuts. 5 Anothtri part of the valley liboun
ded in elephants --My companion estitunred
tlie number over fciglit hundred. Herd imon
herd appe'ared sk: far as the. eye-could veiich j
and noble aniuiaU they wcie. We' sometw
mes emif-cd tneni in our uttie steamer lor.
iani3 -.m v si t: v -
..mi 'I : ' ' . .-. . .1 ' i .:'
"X :ie upper part oi inc. vanev is wei nnn
pled, and many of fetift, hilis are cultivated
high up. Hut. n'eva haying seen Kuru beans
before, they looked !on us with suspicion
'1 hey watciiefl'us constantly, well arued with
Ifows and poisoned arrows, ready to-reptl any
attack ; but 'ndiinivility was offered . whe
wc landed, nor were our wooding parties
'The ji'reateisf coward fires first ;
inir we had as much! pluck as. theV
not lift a gun; though weisaw tfioin pver-ready
to hre, or rather shoot. ;, vv c did ,nothf hg to
make us ashamed to rcttMi, and, if we hate
their eohhdence, we may go further! jThey
had abundance of provisions, ana l sold them
at a' cheap rate!: also, cotton of two' kinds
one indigenous, short in the staple but very
strong aud woolly -to the leejingthe loth
er from imported, very fine and ; long in the
";-' Wer bought! a number of specimens of
their spindles and yarn, and, as ii was ouitc
the in any
American j -uplands, did . not
American; seed. The .cotton
is-met with, every where, aid,r though burned
d o w 1 1 a n i iu.ii 1 1 y , s p r i n. gs u p aga l u - as; f r csj
strong asver. Tlttf.y grow su'garrcatiG
bauiiiris,: Inanioe, A'c, The men are sai
the Port ii
ues'.' ;to bo very inteligcnt, but
e, worjne wear the l ip , oruan
e doctor, describes by a uiug
it is a no
g aoout lour lnciroi
i - 1 i . 1
. ence and
hcc and iiearlv a quarter or an j lnpli
1 ! a- - ' ; - 1 -
inich tl ic!:,
passing t immghi Ji large hole in the , lower
which U thus mu le to protruda ftightfu
1 am thust-pirticular, says the Doctor, in
our own j. oTtes who 'show a nob'e persever
when fashion dictates,, niay wish
lip ornamints:" . ; . ;..-
II u'max iN.AT!u1iF..4 iVn Eastern paper
a good ahecdolq of . an opulent widow 1
who once alibided; a qkiccr illustration of
mat cold componua pt incompatible c;l
'hiiiiuni n-4-ture 7 j-it was a (Jiii istmas Ey
one of these old tlishiened winters i
were so cold. Thebld lady put 01,1 an
tra'. shawl and as' she hiigg 'd her shivering
frame, sht saiijl to cr faitttful ncgroi ,icr
vaut : it s
a terrible cold ni:ht. Scip, I
am alraid my. poor
..-L.-.i...:tk. i Ai:J
lieigniU'jr: wiiiu-v urefu
lie wlieo!b:irrov ScipL fi'l
is sufferinir. Tifriie
it full of wood ;j nSlq (011 a good, load,,- andj te-li
.'i . . ' ..k.-L "iJi.. t .... 1.' . .. .V.... 1 l.
uiB: jruui wjiKiianio Keep neisuu uoniiuruiuiu.
I5ut before vou gi dip, nkt some tnore vood
on the fire
nice hiug of ll 1 p.
old lady W
order-4 :wcrn d tijly oboyod . jan P t ho
:s th.r(iugly warmedj boU inside
itd heir imstj Scip was about
i liis 'err;f!Mi of uierevi when ! his
to doart on
derate iutsrqss interposed ; i 'Stop Seip.:
lieedjiiot zQ ;now. 'The teed the r'hat
1 on need not go now
moJeratecil " . j ' j
:PRiXTEns.-rPrMit(-s. not editors, but type
stickers w ineaji,an? jno insignificant ' por
tion of this world's ljirjnahity. True, aslthc
nabob or inonicdswell tiurrics pass the window
where he bends over is "easu" at mi J night,
they thinl him imivjjriinehiua lit for manu
al labor, bat thd "printer is something mrc,
and thcbrainles3. iopSybo now looks .dowri on .
him, may live to hear jiltening 'Senates en
tranced by his eloquence,' A large number
of the members of the liCgislaturc of Penn-
syivania as saiso seveiji auciiiueia vn wuiwfj
arc printer - So tjo: witijf ho judiciary
m'a'ijy of tin; ablest dtid bpft liien at the bar :
on theben.th are !jrtiiers. .Wc wisli
ciuld mix !a few 1 among the law givers :
law nQprs !of (orth
; b3 i )
. .v;r' V-
- ! 1 P I II 11 1