$150 the Year in Advance in the County , Sylva, N. C.( Wednesday, January 19,1927
$2.00 the Year in Advance Outside County
GOV. WILL NOT
Western North Carolina members
of the general assembly have been
ijivcn definite assurance by Governor
McLean that there will be no oppo
sition from the executive branch of
the government to the proposed issue
of two million dollars in state bonds
to supplement the funds already
raised by private subscription for the
purchase ?f the lands for the Great
Smoky Mountains National Park.
This statement was made following
conferences with Governor McLean
and members of the North Carolina
Park Commission held in Raleigh
Tuesday. The Governor insisted, how
ever, that a definite plan be submit
ted by the federal government as to
what it proposes to do in the de
velopment of the park area, and
when the development is to begin.
A committee will confer with Sec
retary Work, in Washington in the
immediate future, and will whip the
plans into shape, having them ready
to present to the North Carolina as
sembly within a short time.
There is a feeling among those in
formed upon the subjcct that with 110
tear of executive opposition, the
bond issue will have slight opposi
tion in the legislature as it is general
ly recognized that the park is a mafc
ti'r of state wide importance, a cot*.-!
struetive policy that will affect the
entire state of North Carolina as well
as the other states in the Southeast,
and in fact the whole of Eastern
AUTHORITY OF HIGHWAY
BODY AGAIN CURTAILED
( Kaleigh,\Ian. 12?Invoking the gen
eral principles laid down in the cele
brated Newton road case, the Su
preme Court today further restricted
the discretionary powers of the State
Highway Commission and, uphold
ing a restraining order granted by
Judy-c Garland Midgette in Robeson
Caunty Superior Court, refused to
allow it to make one road do the work
The ease was that of Carlyle and
othesr vs. the Highway Commission,
and involved the right of the .Com
mission to unite Route 70 and 20
thirteen miles out from Lumberton
atid run them into the town as a si.i
Sylva Wanner than Elsewhere
Sylva with a temperature of 11
above zero, was one of the warmest
si>ots in North Carolina, Sunday
morning. AsheviNe's recorded tem
perature was just a fraction more
than 1 above zero, while weather
folder than that in the valleys West
ot' the Balsams was recorded at all
points cast of those mountain bar
riers. The o cial recording in Atlan
ta was 10, just one degree lower than
Painter Undergoes Operation.
Mr. B. 0. Painter is recoverihg at
the Franklin hospital, following an
y'(*Tation, which he underwent at that
institution last Sunday.
j There has been much good humored
! speculation thorughout the state, for
the past week over the action of the
Democratic board of county commis
sioners of Randolph electing a repub
; lican as sheriff of the county.
I It came about on this wise: J. I<\
Cranford, republican, elected as sher
, iff in the November election, resign
ed. The county commissioners, com
posed of Ernest Watkins, democrat;
W. C. Grimes, democrat; J. W. Mc
Elhanlon, democrat; W. L. Ward, re
publican and E. L. Leach, democrat,
proceeded to elect, J. A. Brady, a
former republican sheriff of the
county to fill the vacancy. All the of
ficers of the county are democrats
except the sheriff and commissioner
Ward. i, ? ' '*) (
A POULTRY GRAVEYARD
<?'. (By C. W. Tilson)
Back in my home county there is
situated on a south sloping hill near
the edge of the woods a good stand
ard built poultry laying house for
150 hens, and just down the hill
a ways nearer the farm house is a
stondard two in one brooder house
: for raising chicks. Strange to every
! by passer there are no hens in the
I house nor chicks in the brooder
j house. When you ask about it some
'one on a nearby farm where most
farmers have one or two hundred
busy hens paying them a profit, will
tell you that desolate place is the
community poultry graveyard. Then
when yAu look again the larger house
at the'top and brooder house at the
foot of the slope remind you of
The story of the life and death
causing the establishment of this
graveyard is often told by the farm
ers and farm women, and it goes
somewhat like this: The owner of
this place decided to raise and keep
a flock of 150 to 200 hens. He built'
a double brooder house and put in
two brooders. He planned to keep
barred plymouth rocks and ordered
six huadred chicks and placed three
ffundred with each brooder. His idea
was to do this like some of his suc-j
ccssful neighbors and also get his
chicks in March. He waited until the
last day of March to let the weather
get warm and went down to the
Hatchery to buy his chicks. Here
he was told that folks have to put
m orders 5 to 6 weeks ahead if they
want to be sure of getting chcks on
a certain date. He decided "well, lato
!chieks were easier raised anyway,"
and left his order for 600 chicks. Hp
received 600 good Barred Rock chicks
the 15th of May so they say.
, He and his wife found that chicks
were hard to get to grow after hot
weather in June and July came be
fore they were very large, so when
eggs were high in October and No
vember and his neighbor's March
hatched pullets laying 60 cent egt?s
his May pullets were only two thirds
grown. His pullets, 130, were housed
in the good laying house and fed on
| good commercial feed, but it was
? February before they were laying and
eggs selling for 30 cents per dozen.
In March the eggs from these pul
lets were saved for hatching while
the pullets stayed in the house oi.
tibout the place with no green ryo,
BOOSTERS OF SMOKY PARK SEEK
SUPPORT OF GOV. McLEAN
. Ralcgih, N. C., Jan. 17?The move
ment to secure State aid for the
ireat Smoky Mountains National
park project came to the fore here
aijain today when a committee of parki
boosters held an extended conferencc,
with Governor McLean. I
N'o announcement of the results of,
the conferencc was made but it was
indicated that the committee would
so<- the Governor again tomorrow.
Those leading the movement for the
park are eager to get Mr. McLean s
Mipport fo a proposal to issue $2,
000,000 in bonds to supplement pri
vate subscriptions to the fund for ac
quiring land in the park area.
Those conferring with the Govern
or were Charles A. Webb, copublish
er of The Citizen, Don Elias, of the
Times; Judge T. J. Murphy, of Ashe
ville and Dr. E. C. Brooks, chairman
of the Appalachian National Park
Westerners in the General Assem
bly arc ready to go to the bat for
the desired bond issue and there will
be strong support for it among rep
resentatives from all seotions of the
state. The support of Governor Mc
Lean, however, is particularly desir
ed because of his standing amous'
the members of the Legislature. He
has declared himself friendly to the
park movement and if he can be in
duced to help in presenting the mat
ter to the solons the cause will be
given a great boost.
I The plan to establish a National
Park in the Carolina mountians has
met with a favorable reception among
people all over the State. It is gen
'erally recognized as a State propo
sition rather than a sectional one.
That sentiment is expected to help it
in the Legislature.
' '? ' ' i
INTESESM BOOKLET ON
MOUNTAIN FLORA PUBLISHED
One of the most interesting and in
structive booklets of Western North
Carolipa that has ever been publish
? ed has just been produced by Pro!'.
' B. W. Wells, professor of botony at
'the North Carolina State College, un
jder the auspices of the North Caro
lina National Park Commission and
j the Great Smoky Mountains Incor
The booklet entitled "The Re
markable Flora! of the Great Smoky j
Mountains," covers the subject as
| thoroughly as rs possible in so short
j space. It would be ini])ossiblc to pun
ish an exhaustive work on the flora
cf the mountains without carrying
the edition into many volumes; but
Prof. Wells, presents the interesting
subject in excellent style.
He begins his short work with
""Students of plant geography havcj
always recognized that the Southern
Appalachians constitute one of the
outstanding vegetational centers of
America. Here under conditions of
high rainfall, good drainage and long
growing season, Nature has Produced
a flora remarkable alike for luxuri
ance, size of individual plants and
number of species present. > .
"Within tlie boundaries of this re
gion from Virginia to Georgia the veg
ctalien of the Southern Appalachians
reaches its highest expression in the
Great Smoky Mountains. Here on
the vast cloud bathed slopes of;
these giants among the eastern rang
es, plant life runs riot and many
hundreds of species characterizing
the region are distributed in lavish
profusion. No richer botanical col
lecting ground exists in America than
that of the Smokies.
"Of the approximately 3,000 spec
ies of plants in North Carolina a
large proportion of them are distinc
tivc of the mountains region. Here
they distribute themselves in accord-!
ancc with differing habitats, certain1
ones preferring the lower altitudes
with their milder climate, others the
higher, with their severer boreal con-,
grass or any form of green feed >
available. The hatches from these!
eggs were poor find of the chicks more
died than lived and with good haiidl-l
ing only cue third of these clucks (
lived to grow off. In August a neigh
bor farm poultry keeper helped cull
the old flock and those hens left
along with the pullets were placed in
the laying house. They were fed com
mercial feed bought altogether at the
store while this farmer sold all his
home grown grain to the mill for half
the price he paid for the grain in
his commercial bought feed. By Do-;
cember of that year this farmer had!
decided his poultry was a losing
proposition and sold off every chick
en on the place. And there stands the
houses empty and the socalled poul
Most any farmer in that mountain
community will tell you if you want
to take mighty good chance of mak-J
ing a poultry graveyard for your
self to get your chicks in -May or
June, so you will have a lot of late
pullets to feed all winter to get 30
cent eggs in the spring, or save hatch"
ing eggs from hens without plenty
of good green feed of some kind, or
feed your hens altogether on bought
commercial feed while you and farm
ers in your community sell grain to
the mills for only half to two thirds
the price you pay for it in com
j mcrcial feeds. And fail to cull your
pullets or,, hens close less than 2 or
3 times per year. Either of these
pratices just mentioned or a mix
ture of them will soon build a poul
try graveyard on most any farm.
You will find the really successful
farm poultry keepers in that com
munity wil| tell you to follow this
plan if you will keep chickens for
profit or for your healths 1. Build
, standard brooder house ton by twelve
feet for one brooder and 300 chicks
only, and build standard laying house
120 x 20 feet for 100 hens only. 2. Get
your heavy breed chicks from 20 of
February to 20 of March and get the
light breed chicks from 20 of March
to 20th of April, no sooner and no
later for profitable layers. Get
'chicks from flocks you know are
carefuily mated and properly fed.
i3. Raise your chicks en commercial
dui<*ns. Noting tlicse subdivisions or
natitfal plant communities constitutes
one ^of the interesting occupations of
the -mountain climher whomsoever he
migat be. Nowhere else in this great
Southern Appalachians, are these
contrasts in vegetation which are of
so iauch interest to everyone, more
strikingly observed, than in the bo
iauM&l center of the region of the
I" #*? Wells closes his work by
suaqling up the necessity, from the
stapijfcpoint of the cultural development
offimerica, of the establishment of
thd Park: "In America there is cer
tain to develop a much higher culture
th|kff "we now possess. If the artists,
musicians and poets are to enjoy as
; foilfterly, the inspiration which pe
rennially glows out of the primeval
wilderness, it is imperative that
poolWt not' this wilderness must be
saSved. If scientists of the future are
to have the privilege of studying liv
ing species, rather than reading
musty books on extant life, these
species must be saved. If the citi
zens of the nation (now mostly in
cities) are to have awes of wild
country in which to make amateur
studies of wild life, and incidentally;
restore their nervous balance, such
areas must be saved. There can bo
no question whatever about the
vast importance of National Parks in
relation to the culture of the coin-i
ing generations. )
"When we judge the Great Smoky
Mountains area from this standpoint,
the student of its flora knows that
no wiser move qould possibly be.
made than to set aside in perpetuity
as much of it as possible, for here in
coming generations, will come thous
ands annually to see the great forests
and the glorious pageant of wild flow-.
crs. From the mountain tops thay
will, gaze at the distant, vendure
clad slopes through the Smokies'
eternal haze, and will ever after in
memory possess something of the
stimulating intellectual interests, the
infinite charm and the supernal
beauty of the Great Smokies."
Frankly the South needs industrial
prosperity, but not at the expense of
the grace and charms of life. We need
education for the masses and expert
training for thoso who are to be lead
ers, but we should not like to have
vocational and technical training en
tirely take the place of liberal culture.
We want all that modern science,
can bring us, but we do not want to
become scientific and rationalistic at
the expense of the spiritual values
We can get along without a liter
ature that finds its material in the
garbage can and without a theatro
that ministers to the obscene snick
erings of the audience. We have seen
some of the effects of these things ?
on the modern mind and we want to j
avoid them. <J
We need to know what critical
scholarship and scientific hypothesis
have done to make necessary a re
statement of religious beliefs, but we
do not wish to swing to the opposite
extreme and exalt rationalism and
scientific certainties above a reason
able and vital faith in the eternal
We of the South are too apt to in
dulge in a superficial optimism when
a resolute facing of stubborn facts
would be better.?Dr. Edwin Mims.
starter feeds, but when they are
half grown start mixing your own
feed from your own home grown
grains You cannot make the best
chick starter feed, but you can make
as good and more profitable mash
and grain feeds after the chicks are
half grown. However you must mix
your feed strictly by a standard
formula or you better buy commer
cial feeds altogether. 4. Cull your en
tire flock carefully at least in the
early spring and early spring and
early fall. 5. Mate only the big,
typsy, high producing hens in your
! flock with choice cockerels from
which to produce your chicks. Never
breed from the entire flock as most
larg? hatcheries do .for you can nev
er increase profits from size, vigor
I or production tkat way. _
WILL SHOW FRIDAY
The Sylva Minstrels will give a
presentation on Friday night, at 8:00
o'clock, in the Graded School build
ing. A bunch of good laughs are in
store, and a large crowd is expected
to attend. The proceeds are for the
Sylva Central High School.
DUCE OPPOSES MASONRY
Rome, Jan. 18?Mussolini yester
day received delegates of the Center
Party from the Chamber of Deputies.
He pledged himself to make war to
the end agaoinst office holders who
still arcMasons affiliated with the
ABOLISH COUNTY COURT
At the regular meeting of the
Board of Commissioners of Cherokee
County, the General County Couit
was abolished by special order of the
board, to take effcet as soon as the!
docket can be cleaned up and trans
ferred to the Superior Court docket.
This action was taken in vie^ of;
the fact that the commissioners are
seeking to curtail expenditures at
every point possible. The burning of
the court house last year has brought |
On a lot of expense to the county,]
which made it necessary to take this
action, it was announced.
MARRIAGE LICENSES GRANTED
License to wed has recently been'
granted the following couples:
James L. Clement to Eva Church
Mitchell Lindsey to Selma D. Mull.!
Marvin Reed Evans, Martinsville,
Ind., to Flossie Ellen Parks.
W. H. Huffman, Madison to Mae
Peal-ley Hyatt to Ora Cloer.
WHOLESALE DEATH OP
HORSES IN HENDERSON i
Horses in Henderson County are
suffering from an epidemic of Botu
lism, which has been raging for six
weeks. Dr. R. E. Taylor, veterinarian
announced yesterday that in the past
four weeks there has been seventy
five horses died, and he declared
that others have also been lost of
which he had no first hand informa
tion. This is the first time an epi
demic of this type has struck Hen
derson county and there is a tendency
on the part of fanners to confuse it
with madness or rabies.
VETERAN LOAN FUND
YET TO BE TESTED j
Raleigh, Jan. 18?Constitutionality
of North Carolina's $2,000,000 Vet
eran's Loan Fund is expected to be
decided soon by a "test case" in the
Secretary of State Everett said
today that papers in the ease already
had been forwarded to Chester B.
Masslich, New York bond expert for
The bonds were authorized at the
November 2 referendum, but doubt
as to their constitutionality was ex
pressed by Masslich. He said a test
ease would be necessary before he
could pass on the bonds.
The Sylva High School quintet
took the second game of the series
from the Sylva Collegiate Institute,
on the S. C. I. court last night with
the close score of 21 to 25.
The game started off with both
teams playing hard, and with S. C. L
showing a superb defense; but in the
latter part of the first quarter Sylva
High began breaking through the de
fense and scoring, and maintained a
small lead until the third quarter
when S. C. I., by scoring repeatedly,
tied the score. It was only in the
third quarter that S. C. I. was really
dangerous to the High School; and
they soon again took the lead, main
taining it until the close.
Watson for S. C. I. starred for his
team, scoring 17 out of the 21 pointa
made by the Baptists; while Fincan
non, Sylva High's standby,for many
cage battles, ran true to form and
lead his team to victory.
Both Watson and Fincannon were
disqualified from the game in the
foiirth quarter on fouls.
Grindstaff, for S. C. I., was still
suffering from an injured arm, and
was in the game for only a short
Individual scores follow:
Sylva High School
Ensley - - ? 1
Fincannon ? ? ? ....13
Clayton ? ? ? ? ? 1
Barnes v. ? ? ? 4
iiL US. "T
- S. C. I.
Watson _ IT
Bryson ? ? ? 1
Deitz .... - .... .... ..~ .... .... .... 1
Moody _ 0
Grindstaff . - ? 2
MAKE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Almost every vocation in the state
is represented in the present general
assembly with the lawyers leading,
with 81. There are five physicians in
the house and one in the senate.
Other classifications are:
Funeral directors, 1.
Real estate dealers, 3.
Automobile dealers, 1.
Insurance agents, 3.
/ Fishermen, 1.
Cotton buyers, 1.
Civil engineers, 1.
Cotton manufacturers, 1.
Lumber dealers, 1.
graveling salesmen, 1.
18 Below Zero on Mount Mitchell
Mr. R. C. Evans of New York, rep
representative of an outdoor club,
with one companion was on Mount
Mitchell for observations Saturday
morning and reported that there was
four feet of snow and a temperature
of 18 below zero.
JACKSON COUNTY BOY DIES
FROM ACCIDENTAL SHOT
During the past week:?
Mr. Troy Lee Nation who was ac
cidentally shot on Dec. 31st, died at
Bryson City Hospital Jan. 14th. His
body was interrtd in the Ward cem
etery On Sunday afternoon. Rev.
R. L. Cook conducted services.
He was the son of Mr. and Mrs. A!-j
den Nations, he was 19 years of age.
Father, mothex-, two brothers and i
five sisters mourn his departure.!
They have a host of relatives andj
friends who sympathize with thenii
in their sad bereavement.
i Born to Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Gibson
on Jan. 16th, a son.
Mr. and Mrs. H. G. Ferguson were
dinner guests of Mr. and Mrs. Gol
i Mr. sad Mrs. J. M. Hughes and
Master Theo. Estes visited at Mr. D.
Mrs. Will Freeman spent a few
days with her parents at Almond.
Mr. and Mrs. D. C. Hughes and
Messrs. D. K. Battle and Marshall
Grass were visitors at Mr. J. E. Bat
Miss Mozelle Moody was the gueet
of Miss Ruth Ferguson.
Miss Mary Battle called on Miss
Mr. and Mrs. Golman Kinsland
visited at Mr. J. H. Hughes.
Some of the Qualla folks attended
the funeral of Mrs. John Cooper at
Ela Sunday afternoon.
The Parent-Teachers Association
met Thursday afternoon.
Dr. Wilkes vaccinated Qualla
for *~*11 pox