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Volume 102, Issue 135
101 years of editorial freedom
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
IN THE NEWS
Top stories from the state, nation and world
Russian Government Takes
Hold of Palace at Grozny
GROZNY, Russia Russian troops
drove Chechen fighters from the presiden
tial palace Thursday and hoisted Russia’s
flag over what remained of the rebels’
stronghold and symbol of their defiance.
While the victory in Chechnya’s capital
was a rare boost for Russian morale in the
five-week-old war, rebel fighters said it
only signaled anew guerilla phase of their
campaign to win independence from Mos
They abandoned the charred, smoking
skeleton of the palace and also pulled back
from the train station, another base of their
resistance in the center of Grozny.
Chechens deny the palace had much
military significance and promise to de
fend their capital inch by inch.
6.5 Magnitude Earthquake
Strikes Eastern Colombia
BOGOTA, Colombia An earth
quake with a preliminary magnitude of at
least 6.5 rocked Colombia on Thursday,
killing at least one person and damaging
buildings in several cities.
The quake, centered in eastern
Colombia’s sparsely populated plains, was
felt some 550 miles away in Caracas, Ven
With news reports of Japan’s massive
quake on Tuesday still making headlines,
nerves were on edge. Hundreds of people
bolted out of swaying buildings in
Initial reports were that damage was
light. The quake registered a preliminary
magnitude of 6.5 at its epicenter in
Tauramena, 90 miles east of Bogota.
GM Truck Factory Shuts
Down on 2nd Day of Strike
FLINT, Mich. A strike at a General
Motors Corp. parts plant began to ripple
through the No. 1 automaker’s assembly
operations Thursday, forcing the shutdown
of a truck factory.
As negotiators tried to end the contract
dispute in Flint that could cripple GM
production nationwide, the automaker sent
home day-shift workers at its Pontiac East
truck plant and canceled later shifts for
lack of parts.
Other GM plants could be forced to
close by early next week as parts run out,
said Joseph Phillippi, an analyst for
Lehman Brothers in New York.
The shutdown at Pontiac East added
3,100 workers to 6,800 strikers idled by the
walkout that began Wednesday at GM’s
AC Delco Flint East parts complex.
Japan Quake Death Count
Reaches More Than 4,000
KOBE, Japan Swiss rescue dogs
helped find bodies as the earthquake death
toll swelled past 4,000 Thursday, and the
bark of a pet led to one old man’s salvation
after more than two icy days in the wreck
New fires burst out around the shat
tered city, and firefighters’ efforts to douse
them were stymiedby crushed water mains.
With government relief efforts falling far
short of victims’ needs, thousands more
gave up hope of finding food and shelter
and joined the stream of residents aban
doning the city on foot.
By early today, confirmed deaths to
taled 4,047, making Tuesday’s 7.2 magni
tude earthquake the worst in Japan in more
than 70 years.
Yugoslavian Truce Falling
Apart With More Fighting
More than 400 shells rained down in just
four hours Thursday near a northwestern
Bosnian town, illustrating that the latest
cease-fire has done as little as countless
previous truces to stop the fighting.
Trouble was reported along several other
fronts. Elsewhere, heavy snow appeared to
be doing as much to silence guns as U.N.
peacekeepers and foreign mediators.
U.N. spokesman Paul Risley said more
than 400 detonations were reported be
tweenßa.m. and noon near VelikaKladusa
in far northwestern Bosnia, a chronic
trouble spot during a truce that went into
effect Jan. 1 and was meant to last four
THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
TODAY: Variably cloudy; high 50.
SATURDAY: Partly cloudy; high mid
SUNDAY: Partly cloudy; high upper
UNC Lands SSSM Contract
Medical School Program
Aims to Improve Health
Care in Developing Nations
BY ADAM GUSMAN
The University announced Thursday
that it had received a $55 million contract
with the federal government the largest
in UNC’s history.
The U.S. Agency for International De
velopment selected the INTRAH program
at the School of Medicine to receive fund
ing for efforts to improve health care ser
vices in developing countries throughout
INTRAH is an acronym for the Pro
gram for International T raining and Health.
“This award signals the enormous re
spect and stature that the INTRAH pro
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A Quest for Empowerment
Giving women more control over their health and well-being
Growing up in Medellin, Colombia,
Cecelia Zapata saw examples every day
of the social constraints placed on
women. In countless neighbors’ and
friends’ homes, boys were given power positions and
young girls couldn’t dream past the roles defined for
them in society.
Zapata’s family was different.
“I was lucky to be bom to a family believing all
children are equal regardless of sex,” Zapata said.
Joint SBP Violates Student Code, 1991 Chief Justice Said
The two pairs of students who have
each declared their intention to run as co
candidates for the student body presidency
could face the possibility that their cam
paigns could be deemed unconstitutional
as the spring elections approach.
Two students attempted a similar co
candidacy for the student body presidency
in 1991 before their
campaign was in
under the Student
Heyd and Mark
for the office in 1991 until then-Student
Supreme Court Chief Justice Asa Ball told
them a joint presidency would violate the
code, said Bibbs, now a member of the
UNC-system Board of Governors.
“Matt and I considered the idea and had
a good deal of support to run as co-presi
dents,” he said. "We asked the chief jus
tice, and in his opinion, [running together]
was unconstitutional because of Article 3,
Section I of the code, which states that the
executive power shall be vested in a presi
dent of the student body.”
Love is the only disease that makes you feel better.
Chapel Hill. North ColiM
FRIDAY, JANUARY 20,1995
gram has earned,” said H. Garland
Hershey, vice chancellor for health affairs.
“It will clearly indicate to the national
and international community the respect
that scholars and investigators in interna
tional health have for our INTRAH pro
gram, our medical school and our Univer
sity at Chapel Hill,” he said.
Under the direction of James Lea, par
ticipants in the program have worked for
15 years training primary providers of
health services in almost 40 countries.
INTRAH works with local agencies in
identifying ways to improve health ser
vices in areas such as reproductive health,
infant care, and prevention of HTV, AIDS
and other sexually transmitted diseases.
“More men and women worldwide will
be able to receive high-quality reproduc
tive health care where and when they want
to receive it,” Lea said Thursday at a press
USAID has named the global outreach
“My sister and I were treated the same as the boys.
We could be the most charming, delicate children or
Recognizing the difference between her family
and others she encountered, Zapata knew early on
that she wanted to work with women.
Women’s health issues became her focus when
she saw women die as a result of childbirth and saw
their deaths being seen as natural because they died
fulfilling a role society gave to being a mother.
Her early vision and years of fighting for what she
believed in brought Zapata to her current situation as
an assistant professor in the Department ofMatemal
Bibbs said the decision had been based
on the code’s reference to the president in
the singular rather than the plural form.
“There is no room for interpretation of
any other meaning for the word ‘a’—even
the broadest interpretation would not al
low for two student body presidents,” he
Bibbs said that although there had been
no case tried before the court and no for
mal ruling made, he believed the decision
“We felt that if we took it to court we
would definitely lose because there wasn’t
a sufficient legal basis for us to win,” he
Bibbs, who withdrew from the election
following Ball’s informal ruling, said he
still believed a co-presidency would be
unconstitutional under the code.
Student Congress Speaker Pro Tem
Meredith Armstrong said that although
she did not want to discourage anyone
from running for office, having co-student
body presidents would create several prob
lems that had not yet been accounted for.
“I think it’s an innovative idea, but
running as co-presidents is tricky because
the code is geared toward one student body
president and not two,” she said.
Armstrong said the Student Congress
would not be able to pass legislation as
See SBP, Page 2
program PRIME because primary care
providers are the main beneficiaries of the
training and the financial assistance.
The contract is a five-year grant that will
greatly expand INTRAH’s existing pro
grams, Lea said.
“This is an extension of the long tradi
tion of outreach at the University,” he said.
He described PRIME as a globally scaled
version of the statewide Area Health Edu
cation Centers program based here at the
AHEC already has contributed to a sig
nificant decrease in the state’s infant mor
tality, Lea said. And what program partici
pants learn from their experiences abroad
will be applicable here in North Carolina,
The funding will almost triple
INTRAH’s budget, which is currently
roughly $4 million a year, and the increase
in funding will allow INTRAH to increase
its staff from 36 people to about 50, he said.
and Child Health in UNC’s School of Public Health.
And recently, Dr. Zapata was honored for her
contributions to promoting and improving women’s
health when she received the Torchbearers and Trail
blazers Recognition Award from N.C. Equity’s
Women of Color Program.
“I was very honored to receive the award,” Zapata
said, “not only because it was from N.C. Equity but
also because I was awarded it along with 27 other
women, and it made me proud to be with such other
See HERO, Page 4
Your Handy Guide to Campus Elections
BY ANDREW RUSSELL
Mark it down!
Right next to the big, red heart.
The 1995 campus elections will be held
Feb. 14, and this is your unofficial guide to
the election process. We’ll just call it, “Ev
erything you wanted to know about the
campus elections but were afraid to ask.”
■ What offices will candidates be run
Students will elect candidates for a num
ber of offices: student body president,
Carolina Athletic Association president,
Graduate and Professional Student Fed
eration president, Residence Hall Associa
tion president, senior class officers and
Student Congress representatives for all 23
■ Who is eligible to run for office?
To be eligible, a candidate must be a
duly registered, fee-paying student who is
not on probation. They must be a constitu
ent of the office for which they are running
by the beginning of the fall 1995 semester.
No student may run for Student Congress
if he or she has filed for graduation, nor
may astudentrunformore than one office
Lea said they would begin programs in
countries such as South Africa, which was
off-limits as recently as several years ago,
as well as the former Soviet Union and
Vietnam, where American influence had
not been welcomed.
In some countries, INTRAH will pur
chase, deliver, and install basic clinical
equipment and supplies.
Lea said that only 70 to 90 percent of
medical care in developing countries was
obtained at hospitals. “Hospitals are, at
best, fourth on the list of where people go
for health care,” he said.
During the next five years, Lea said that
PRIME expected to train 121,000 people
in 25 countries.
Faculty, staff and graduate students from
the UNC schools ofmedicine, public health
and education will work with several inter
national organizations, including the
World Bank, the World Health Organiza
tion and U.N. agencies.
A weekly series highlighting Chapel Hill heroes
Name: Cecelia Zapata
Birthdate: Aug. 26,1949
Birthplace: Medellin, Colombia
professor. Department of
Maternal and Child Health,
School of Public Health
Hobbies: Movies, music
Public Health Association co
chairwoman for In the Spirit of
1849; community work with
local Latin American communi
ties; helped to organize La
Fiesta del Pueblo
Life's Philosophy: "Everyone
has the right to have the
chance to have a decent life
and to contribute the best that
they can, according to their
abilities, to the well-being of
Dr. Cecelia Zapata
was inspired to join the
through her observations
growing up in Colombia.
■ What exactly are these things that
people keep asking me to sign?
Petitions are required of any potential
candidate who wishes to have his or her
name on the ballot. Petitions must be signed
by the candidate and the required number
of other duly registered, fee-paying stu
dents who are constituents of the office for
which the candidate is running.
Five hundred signatures are needed for
candidates running for president of the
student body or of the CAA. The candi
dates for senior class president and vice
president need a combined 150 signatures
on their petition.
RHA presidential candidates are also
required to have 150, while GPSF presi
dential candidates need 50 signatures. Stu
dents running for seats in Student Con
gress must acquire 25 signatures. All peti
tions are due in Suite C by 5 p.m. Jan. 31.
Students may only sign one petition for
each office unless there are two seats avail
able in a particular district. Petitions must
include the candidate’s full legal name, as
well as any nickname that he or she wants
to appear on the ballot. Candidates for
senior class president and vice president
will be listed separately on the ballot unless
all candidates vote to run as pairs.
Business/ Advertising 962-1163
O 1994 DTH Publishing Coip. AH rights reserved.
I nll w
Dr. ALVIN POUSSAINT, a Harvard
Medical School dean, at a media
Author, Race Relations
Expert Lectures on the
Legacy of MLK’s Dream
“No society can function if its people
only think of what’s in it for me. That’s
why the anthem of the civil rights move
ment was ‘We Shall Overcome,’ with the
emphasis on ‘we.’”
Dr. Alvin Poussaint, Harvard Medical
School dean, clinical professor of psychia
try, and author of “Why Blacks Killßlacks”
and “Raisingßlack Children” spoke Thurs
day at Memorial Hall on “Black America’s
Responsibility to Keep the Dream Alive.”
Poussaint counseled minorities to stop
letting other groups divide them and to
learn to see others’ point of view. “In
carrying on the legacy of King’s dream,
activist students should lead peers to form
alliances with other racial, ethnic and reli
gious groups. Unless people continually
get together across boundaries to hash out
our problems, there will be no progress.
“As Americans, we’re still very trapped
in individualism. We think we made things
happen by ourselves, but no one made it by
themselves. Individualism carried to the
extreme can be malignant. Martin Luther
King reached out continually to pull new
people in to work with the movement, ” he
Poussaint drewparallels between King’s
struggle and that of modem activists, not
ing that King displayed courage in the face
of intense opposition. “We think the entire
nation was marching behind Dr. King, but
that’s not true. He had criticism from all
sides. He took stumbling blocks and made
them into stepping stones.
“If it’s change, ifit’s revolutionary, ifit’s
something that means you’re taking power
away from its normal site, there will be
counterforces working against you,” he
See POUSSAINT, Page 2
■ Where can I vote?
The Elections Board has proposed six
poll sites. They are tentatively planned for
Union 208-209, the Health Sciences Li
brary, Hanes Art Center and Chase Cafete
ria. A poll site at the School of Law will be
restricted to law students only, and a
Granville Cafeteria site will accommodate
only Granville Towers residents.
Poll sites will be open from 10 a.m. to 7
p.m., with the exception of the law school
and the Health Sciences Library, which
will close at 5 p.m. At its meeting Wednes
day, Congress will either approve or reject
the sites suggested by the Elections Board.
The DTH Is once again gearing up for its
election coverage. Candidates for major of
fices - student body president and presi
dents of the senior class, CAA RHA and GPSF
- must notify us by 5 p.m. Wednesday.
Candidates should contact University Edi
tor Adam Gusman or Editor Kelly Ryan at
962-0245 to set up an interview and a photo
shoot Student Congress candidate notifica
tion deadlines will be announced next week
Let the games begin!