Satlu ®ar Utol
Volume 103, Issue 25
102 years of editorialfreedom
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
IN THE NEWS
Top stories from the state, nation and world
House Leaders Seek GOP
Support for Tax-Cut Bill
WASHINGTON, D.C. On the eve
of a showdown, House leaders worked
Tuesday to coax rebellious Republicans
into line behind tax-cut legislation, the last
key item in the “Contract With America.”
President Clinton called the measure too
costly and said, “I think we need to focus
on the deficit.”
House Speaker Newt Gingrich coun
tered that Republicans stand for “a lower
deficit, less taxes and a smaller govern
Republican critics of the measure fell
into two groups: one favoring curtailment
of a proposed SSOO-per-child tax credit so
fewer wealthy families would qualify; the
other opposing a provision to have federal
workers pay more into their retirement
Separatist Gunmen Raid
Philippine Town; 100 Killed
200 Islamic separatists attack a southern
Philippine town Tuesday, plundering banks
and stores, burning buildings and fighting
troops flown in to defend the town.
At least 100 people died and 30 more
were injured before soldiers drove the rebels
into the forest, military officials said.
President Fidel Ramos declared a state
of emergency in Ipil, a town of 50,000
people on the island of Mindanao about
480 miles south of Manila, and put all
troops on Mindanao on alert.
TTie government said the heavily armed
men were members of Abu Sayyaf, a Mus
lim group fighting for a religious state in
the southern Philippines.
Cult's 'Science Ministry'
Had Massive Power Supply
TOKYO The “Science Ministry”
where chemists from a secretive cult alleg
edly made deadly nerve gas had a power
supply strong enough to run a medium
sized factory, Japanese television reported
The maze-like building at the foot of
Mount Fuji reportedly contained tons of
chemicals and equipment needed to pro
duce sarin, the deadly gas developed by
Nazis during World War II and used in
March 20 attacks in the Tokyo subway.
The NHK network reported Tuesday
that the building used power levels of up to
6,600v01t5, roughly the same as a medium
sized factory. Outlets in ordinary Japanese
homes deliver 100 volts.
Serbs Resume Offensive
In Northeastern Bosnia
Balmy spring weather sparked a return to
all-out combat Tuesday along a broad
battlefront in northeast Bosnia.
Reports from the warring sides and from
U.N. military observers indicated fighting
in the Majevica mountains near the city of
Tuzla reached its most intense level since
the Muslim-led government launched an
offensive March 20.
Government radio said Bosnian Serb
rebels fired more than 2,000 mortar and
artillery rounds at government positions.
Fierce fighting was reported around a stra
tegic Serb-held communications tower that
government troops almost captured last
Clinton, Major Praise Each
Other, Bury Old Differences
WASHINGTON, D.C. President
Clinton and British Prime Minister John
Major buried their public differences to
day, lavishing praise on each another and
staking out common positions on Bosnia,
relations with Russia and in dealing with
Tension developed between the two al
lies over last month’s visit to Washington
by Gerry Adams, head of Sinn Fein, a
political party that supports the outlawed
Irish Republican Army. Major had op
posed Clinton’s decision to grant Adams a
visa and to welcome him at a White House
Major today reiterated his position that
Adams should enter into talks with the
British government on decomissioning
Clinton declined to say whether he be
lieved Adams and Major should have a
face-to-face meeting, suggesting that was
entirely up to the British prime minister.
THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
TODAY: Mostly sunny; high mid-50s.
THURSDAY: Partly cloudy and cool;
high in the 50s.
The world would not be in such a snarl had Marx been Groucho instead of Karl
Housekeepers Suit May Be Heard Soon
BY ADAM GUSMAN
Four years after 35 UNC housekeepers
originally filed a grievance against the
University, a unanimous N.C. Court of
Appeals decision handed down Tuesday
paved the way for a class-action suit to be
heard in court.
The class-action suit had been halted by
a November 1993 Wake County Superior
Court ruling that granted a University
motion to stop the case.
The Court of Appeals overturned that
ruling in Tuesday’s 3-0 decision, and Ad
ministrative Law Judge Brenda Becton
could hear the case within two months if
the University does not appeal the decision
to theN.C. Supreme Court within 15 days.
Chapel Hill attorney A1 McSurely, who
New SBP Promises Courageous Suite C
BY JULIE CORBIN
ASSISTANT UNIVERSITY EDITOR
Student Body President Calvin
Cunningham pledged to dare to coura
geously “disturb the universe” Tuesday
night at his inauguration.
After he was sworn in, Cunningham
began his inaugural address by asking,
“Who are our leaders, and where are they
He then quoted lines from “The Love
Song of J. Alfred Prufrock,” by T.S. Eliot.
In the poem, Prufrock asks, “Do I dare?
Do I dare disturb the universe?”
Cunningham responded that yes, he
dared to disturb the universe, because it
was part of being human and was his right.
He then spoke of two situations in which
courageous leadership shone clearly and
showed vital components of vision and
The first was the struggle for the free
standing Sonja H. Stone Black Cultural
Center, in which students were willing to
go to jail because they were right,
The second struggle in which he em
phasized vision and energy is the fight to
protect the University’s funding in the
“This University’sbudget is on the chop
ping block,” he said.
Cunningham said 18 classes would have
to be cut from the political science depart
ment alone if the budget were passed as
proposed by Gov. Jim Hunt.
He said his administration would seek
to emulate the qualities of the leaders of
“We will seek to define a vision for this
University and find the energy necessary
to put it into being.”
Former Student Body President George
Battle gave his farewell address as presi
He expressed his pleasure at seeing new
officers sworn in, especially anew student
body president from his administration,
and he said he was very confident the
officers were qualified for the rigors of the
Battle then recognized several people,
including his Cabinet, his fraternity broth
ers in Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Inc. and
his family in absentia.
He lauded Cunningham for his deter
mination and his dedication to all aspects
of his job.
See INAUGURATION, Page 2
Carrboro Committee Drafts
Two Gun-Control Proposals
The Carrboro Gun Control Commit
tee, which was formed in 1993 by the
Carrboro Board of Aldermen to study the
issue of gun control, has tentatively drafted
two proposals addressing gun control in
the town of Carrboro.
One proposal calls for a ban of all hand
guns and assault weapons, while the other
proposes stricter laws regulating the sale
and ownership of firearms. Both plans have
been developed by a subcommittee of the
Carrboro Gun Control Committee.
The Carrboro Gun Control Committee
consists of eight people and has been in
existence for about a year and a half, said
Jay Bryan, Carrboro alderman and chair
man of the committee.
The committee was developed to repre
sent the town of Carrboro and its various
beliefs concerning gun control, committee
member Michael Robinson said.
The objective of the committee is to
look at local ordinances regarding hand
guns and assault weapons and to formu
late a report concerning their use and own
ership, Bryan said. He added that this plan
eventually would be submitted to the
Chapa! Hill, North CaroNaa
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 5,1995
represents the housekeepers, called
Tuesday’s ruling a “victory.”
“The unanimous decision gave a strong
vote of confidence to Becton, the adminis
trative law judge,” McSurely said.
The hearings in Hillsborough could last
as long as three weeks as the housekeepers
present evidence in their grievance against
About 100 housekeepers, predominately
African Americans, have signed on to the
grievance, which asks for better pay, better
working conditions, better training and
better promotion opportunities.
They are represented by a “steeringcom
mittee” of seven housekeepers who head
the UNC Housekeepers Association.
Marsha Tinnen, a member of the steer
ing committee, said she hoped a court
hearing would allow other people to un
ijlll ■ ■ '"ifCß
Student Body President Calvin Cunningham is congratulated by former Student Body President
George Battle. Cunningham was inaugurated for his 1995-96 term Tuesday evening in Great Hall.
Carrboro Board of Aldermen.
“The report is a summary and recom
mendation of the committee’s findings from
the last year and a half,” Robinson said.
After extensive study, the committee
has begun formulating plans addressing
the issue of gun control. This effort has
been led by a subcommittee of three com
mittee members, which met Tuesday to
formulate an initial report to submit to the
rest of the Gun Control Committee, Bryan
Robinson said the subcommittee mem
bers had been chosen because they repre
sented the beliefs of the majority of the
committee. He added that it was easier and
more efficient for the subcommittee to pre
pare an initial plan the entire committee
could later discuss.
The subcommittee’s report consists of
two separate proposals, Robinson said.
“Number one is a ban on all handguns
in Carrboro, the exceptions being police
officers and wardens, ”he said. “Also, there
would be a ban on semi-automatic assault
weapons. Number two consists of a group
of recommendations on limiting owner
ship and possession of handguns rather
See GUNS, Page 2
derstand the housekeepers’ struggle.
“If we do get to go to court, I hope
people will begin to see what we’re talking
about,” Tinnen said.
“Maybe people can paint a better pic
One major concern of the housekeepers
movement is to receive a sense of under
standing from the University’s administra
tion, she said.
“Our biggest thing is to get through to
the higher administration, to get a sense of
understanding from them.”
Addressing the administration, Tinnen
said, “You’re not feeling the anger and
pain that I’m feeling on the job.”
The class-action suit, a type of court
case in which many people sign on for a
common complaint, was originally filed in
February 1991 as a grievance within the
Jury Convicts White House Gunman
THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
WASHINGTON, D.C. Francisco
Martin Duran, a Colorado upholsterer who
raked the White House with semiauto
matic rifle fire last fall, was convicted Tues
day of attempting to assassinate President
In returning the guilty verdict, a federal
court jury rejected Duran’s insanity de
fense. He had claimed he was shooting at
an evil “mist” hovering over the White
House, but psychiatric experts disagreed
about whether he was deranged.
Duran, 26, of Colorado Springs, Colo.,
faces a maximum sentence of life in prison
on the attempted assassination conviction.
U.S. District Judge Charles Richey set
sentencing for June 29.
During the two-week trial, defense at
torneys had argued that insanity drove
Duran to pull the rifle from under his
trench coat and open fire on the White
House on Oct. 29, 1994, as dozens of
tourists stood nearby. No one was injured.
The Secret Service said Clinton was inside
the White House’s family quarters at the
time, watching a Saturday afternoon foot
ball game, and was never in danger. Duran
was subdued by two bystanders.
After deliberating nearly five hours, ju
rors rejected the testimony of two psychia
trists and a psychologist who character
ized Duran as a paranoid schizophrenic
The grievance process was halted be
fore its completion for two reasons. “The
(University’s grievance) procedures do not
permit class-action grievances,” Chancel
lor Paul Hardin wrote in a letter on Oct. 28,
In addition, attorneys are not allowed
to represent grievants in the procedure,
Upon receipt of Hardin’s letter, mem
bers of the steering committee filed a peti
tion for a case to be heard by the Office of
The University made several attempts
to block the case, one of which was suc
The Wake County Superior Court dis
missed the case on Nov. 10,1993.
Tinnen said the housekeepers had filed
Arts & Sciences
Funding for an undergraduate excellence center, a music
library and a center for dramatic art has come up short, despite the
UNC Bicentennial Campaign’s attainment of its goal of SSO
million, said Dennis Cross, executive director of the campaign
and associate dean of the College of Arts and Sciences.
Cross said goals had not been met yet for two major reasons.
“One is that we are trying to raisea vast amount ofmoney, and the
other is that it is hard to raise money for building projects because
a lot of people want to donate their money to students or faculty
or a specific program.
“Usually, only people who have a specific, unique interests in
drama, for example, would be willing to give money to help
construct an arts building.”
The campaign, which began in 1989, is nearing its June 30
deadline for funding, but Cross said there was still plenty of time.
“We are not going to give up on these projects. We will continue
to work on fund raising, ” he said. “We now have time to focus our
attention to raise money for what is called bricks and mortar.”
Of the SSO million raised for the College of Arts and Sciences
during the campaign, S3O million goes to arts and sciences endow
ment funds. Faculty and teaching support and academic pro
grams get $19.3 million of that, and student support gets $10.7
The remaining S2O million will be split between expendable
gifts for student and faculty needs and capital projects. Student
and faculty needs are given $16.7 million, and $3.2 million is
allotted for capital projects, such as the James M. Johnston Center
for Undergraduate Excellence, a music library and a center for
See BICENTENNIAL, Page 2
Funding for the College
of Arts and Sciences
The Bicentennial Campaign was launched three years ago
for the celebration of the University's 200th birthday. The
College of Arts and Sciences has surpassed its SSO million
campaign goal. The funds will be distributed among ffie
Academic programs $ 19.3 million
Expendable gifts $ 16.7 million
Endowments for student support $ 1 0.7 million
Capital projects $3.2 million
SOURCE NEWSSERVICES DTH/CHRISANDERSON
BILL CLINTON was probably the
target of the White House gunman.
who didn’t realize his actions were wrong.
“Clearly Mr. Duran knew what he was
doing was wrong,” Assistant U.S. Attor
ney Brenda J. Johnson told reporters after
the verdict was announced. “He wrote
things down. He planned this out. He
wasn’t crazy.. M It was deliberate and pre
C 1995 DTH Publishing Coip. All rights reserved.
the class-action suit for the same reasons
they originally had filed the grievance
againsttheUniversity: because they wanted
improvement in several areas, including
pay and treatment by supervisors.
“Our pay is low. Many people have to
work two jobs because the pay from one is
not enough,” she said.
“And (supervisors) can’t be rude to
people. If you feel a supervisor doesn’t like
you, you’re not going to be treated fairly in
Tinnen said that she was optimistic
about Tuesday’s court decision but that
she did not expect the University and the
housekeepers would overcome their differ
“It takes a long time for change,” she
said. “It takes time for people to under
“We are obviously very pleased with
the verdict,” said Eric Holder, U.S. attor
ney for the District of Columbia. “We do
not believe Mr. Duran was insane. It
seemed quite clear to us that he was not
insane and should be held responsible for
what he did.”
In addition to attempted assassination,
Duran was convicted of nine othercharges:
one count of damaging federal property,
four counts of assaulting the Secret Service
officers, one count of unlawful possession
of the rifle in interstate commerce, one
count of unlawful possession of a shotgun
in interstate commerce, one count of carry
ing a weapon during a crime of violence
and one count of carrying a firearm across
state lines with the intent to murder the
Defense attorneys and the jurors lO
women and two men declined com
ment after the verdict.
During the trial, Dr. Neil Blumberg, a
Washington psychiatrist, testified that
Duran shot at what he thought was an evil
“mist” thathovered overthe White House.
He believed he was saving the country
from the mist, which was taking control of
Clinton’s mind and leading him to destroy
Duran, an upholsterer for a hotel in
See CLINTON, Page 2