Hatlg Star Mrrl
Volume 103, Issue 35
102 years of editorial freedom
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
IN THE NEWS
Top stories from the state, nation and world
Japanese Train Station Hit
With Gas Attack; 260 Sick
YOKOHAMA, Japan Pandemo
nium erupted at Yokohama’s main train
station Wednesday when a mysterious gas
spread through an underground corridor,
sickening at least 260 people. The attack
came a month after nerve gas killed 12
people in the Tokyo subway, and police
suggested that Wednesday’s might be a
Thousands of commuters raced pell
mell out of the station, crowding sidewalks
and streets. Sirens wailed, and at least 10
helicopters circled overhead.
Police, firefighters and chemical weap
ons experts —some in gas masks —checked
thestationforthe source of the foul chemi
cal odor. The National Public Safety Com
mission chief said the air smelled like sul
Yuka Takaoka, a college student, said
she had seen firefighters clad in protective
gear gingerly removing 20 or 30 small
cardboard boxes from the station.
A military poison gas warfare unit was
sent to the area to spray neutralizing chemi
cals. But officials said sarin, the nerve gas
used in the Tokyo attack, was not sus
pected because the victims’ symptoms were
Japan is still on edge over the March 20
Tokyo attack, in which 12 people died and
5,500 were sickened. Since then, daily rev
elations of terrifying discoveries at proper
ties belonging to the main suspect —a
religious cult have kept the country on
Bomb Wounds Opposition
Leader, 16 Others in Spain
MADRID, Spain—Basque separatists
tried to assassinate the conservative oppo
sition leader widely expected to be Spain’s
nextprime minister, detonatingacarbomb
Wednesday that injured him and 16 oth
Jose Maria Aznar was en route to work
when the parked car packed with 45 pounds
of explosives was detonated by remote
control. Aznar’s car was heavily armored,
so he suffered only minor injuries.
Aznar’s Popular Party, Spain’s second
largest, has a strong chance of dislodging
the ruling Socialists in general elections set
for 1996 or 1997. The party supports a
strong centralized state and rejects Basque
demands for greater self-rule.
Justice and Interior Minister Juan
Alberto Belloch said the attack had been an
assassination attempt directed at Aznar.
Gore Presses for Vote on
Permanent Nuclear Curbs
UNITED NATIONS —Vice President
A1 Gore, pressing for permanent curbs on
nuclear weapons technology, declared
Wednesday that the United States ulti
mately wanted to eliminate its own arse
With at least 90 votes, a majority, in
hand, Gore took on the wavering and op
posing nations with a detailed response to
their arguments and concerns. Anything
short of indefinite extension of the 25-year
old Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
would encourage states aspiring to obtain
nuclear weapons “to hold their options in
reserve,” he said.
The knowledge and capacity to build
nuclear weapons are increasing, and the
few countries wishing to possess them
“have an increasing possibility of succeed
ing,” Gore said.
2nd U.N. Flight in 2 Days
Forced Away by Serb Army
For the second time in two days, rebel
Serbs mocked U.N. control of Sarajevo
airport Wednesday, revoking promises not
to shoot at planes and forcing a U.N. air
craft en route to the Bosnian capital to turn
U.N. officials closed the airport in pro
test. The United Nations said the flight
Wednesday from Zagreb, Croatia, was a
test ofßosnian Serb resolve to ban civilians
from U.N. aircraft flying to and from
Seibs are demanding that U.N. planes
stop flying people who hold passports from
Bosnia’s Muslim-led government in return
for promises not to shoot. The decision
reflected the degree of desperation of the
U.N. force in Bosnia, two of whose peace
keepers have been killed in the past week
and whose work has been sabotaged.
THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
TODAY: Mostly cloudy, 20 percent
chance of rain; high 80.
FRIDAY: Cloudy; high around 80.
A car bomb of about 1,000 pounds ripped apart all nine stories of downtown Oklahoma City's Alfred P. Murrah building.
BY JENNY HEINZEN
STATE AND NATIONAL EDITOR
The car bomb explosion outside the Alfred P. Murrah
Building in downtown Oklahoma City Wednesday left the
several government agencies housed inside unsure of the
casualties and fearing the worst.
The federal building housed offices of the departments of
Housing and Urban Development; Veterans Affairs; Health
and Human Services; Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms; and
the Drug Enforcement Administration, as well as a day-care
center and a military recruitment office.
“When you pick a place in the heartland of America, it
shows that everyone is vulnerable, ” said David Paletz, profes
sor of political science at Duke and editor and co-author of the
book “Terrorism and the Media."
“We may protect the airports and Washington, D.C., but
you can’t protect everyone,” he said.
All the federal offices in the building were affected by the
blast, some more severely than others.
Michael Stegman, assistant secretary for policy research for
HUD, said that as many as 90 HUD employees might have
See REACTION, Page 4
Reacting to the proposed budget cuts of S4B million, UNC students, faculty and staff rallied for a Me...
Protest Brings a Thousand
To Steps of South Building
BY MARVA HINTON
A call for respect sounded from Polk Place on
Wednesday afternoon as Jasme Kelly, a senior
from Durham, led well over 1,000 University stu
dents, faculty and staff in a rousing rendition of the
Aretha Franklin standard to protest the proposed
budget cuts of S4B million from the UNC system.
Faculty Chairwoman Jane Brown reminded the
crowd how the University had survived in the past.
“We need to say to the legislators, ‘Thank you for
all that you have done for us for 200 years. Now we
are committed to continue that tradition for the
next 200 years. We need your support,’” she said.
Brown went on to say how the proposed cuts
would affect students in the School of Journalism
and Mass Communication, which is ranked among
the top five in the country.
Fewer sections will be available because there
will be fewer instructor and it will be difficult for
students to take all the classes they need to graduate
in four years, Brown said.
Rachel Windham, director of business and fi
nance for the UNC School of Dentistry and chair
woman of the Employee Forum, said, “We should
not have to stand together against them. They
should be standing with us for the University.”
Windham questioned the legislators’ readiness
tobearthe consequences oftheir decision. “Do they
really want to pull resources from this University so
that they can take credit for reducing taxes that will
return amounts so small that we cannot take our
families out to dinner?” she said.
Windham encouraged all present to write their
representatives and let them know that the Univer
sity was truly the state’s “priceless gem.”
Student Body President Calvin Cunningham
told the crowd why the rally had been scheduled.
“We’re here today to educate ourselves and our
leaders in Raleigh as to what these cuts will mean
for the University,” Cunningham said.
Out-of-state students, graduate students and the
University staff, particularly the housekeepers,
would be hit hardest by the proposed cuts, he said.
He praised the University staff for the often
See RALLY, Page 2
United we stand; divided we fail; together we kick ass.
Professor Chuck Stone at budget cut rally
Chapal H9L North CaroHaa
THURSDAY, APRIL 20,1995
5Z IIS&Z" :
An Oklahoma City firefighter carries an injured child from
the Murrah building. Officials say 12 children were killed.
The campus community gathered in Polk Place to teach legislators what cuts could mean to UNC.
Results of the Proposed Cats
The House Subcommittee on Education
has proposed $47.9 million in budget
cuts and sl4 million in tuition
increases. The money will go to the
N.C. General Fund.
• 3.1 percent in-state tuition hike
• 10 percent out-of-state tuition hike
• $4.1 million reduction in graduate tuition
• $400,000 in cuts to the Dean E Smith
• All departments will cut classes.
Eighteen political science courses alone
will be cut
• Libraries will freeze new book acquisi
tions and cut periodical selections.
• Cuts mean larger classes, no 24-hour
study center, no Center for Dramatic
Arts, no law school expansion and, for
some, delays in graduation.
SOURCE: STUDENT BUDGET DEFENSE COALITION STAFF
—: " t-
TEXAS i J OKLAHOMA
THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
OKLAHOMA CITY A car bomb
ripped deep into America’s heartland
Wednesday, killing more than 26 people
and leaving 300 missing in a blast that
gouged a nine-story hole in a federal office
building. Twelve of the dead were said to
be children whose parents had just dropped
them off at a day-care center.
“We’re sure that that number will go up
because we’ve seen fatalities in the build
ing,” Fire Chief Gary Marrs said.
There was no immediate claim of re
sponsibility for the attack, the deadliest
U.S. bombing in 75 years.
At least 200 people were injured 5B
critically, Mans said —and scores were
feared trapped in the rubble of the Alfred P.
Murrah Federal Building more than nine
hours after the bombing.
“Our firefighters are having to crawl
over corpses in areas to get to people that
are still alive,” Assistant Fire Chief Jon
Attorney General Janet Reno refused to
comment on who might have been behind
the attack. President Clinton called the
bombers “evil cowards,” and Reno said
the government would seek the death pen
alty against them.
Their clothes tom off, victims covered
in glass and plaster emerged bloodied and
crying from the building, which looked as
if a giant bite had been taken out of it,
exposing its floors like a dollhouse.
Cables and other debris dangled from
the floors like tangled streamers in a scene
that brought to mind the car bombings at
the U.S. Embassy and Marine barracks in
Beirut in 1983.
“I dove under that table,” said Brian
Espe, a state veterinarian who was giving a
slide presentation on the fifth floor. “When
I came out, I could see daylight if I looked
north and daylight if I looked west.”
Mayor Ron Norick said the blast had
been caused by a car bomb that left a crater
8 feet deep. He said the car had been
outside, in front of the building.
Students cheer on their peers as campus leaders
demanded respect for UNC's 200 years of excellence.
Business/Advertising 962*1 (65
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• 26 Dead
• 300 Missing
“Obviously, no amateur did this,” Gov.
Frank Keating said. “Whoever did this
was an animal.”
Paramedic Heather Taylor said 17 chil
dren were dead at the scene, a figure that
was later disputed by police. The children,
all at the day-care center, ranged in age
from 1 to 7, and some were burned beyond
recognition, said Dr. Carl Spengler, one of
the first doctors at the scene.
Reno said that 300 people were unac
counted for by late afternoon. About 20 of
the 40 children in the day-care center were
The explosion, similar to the terrorist
car bombing that killed six people and
injured 1,000 at New York’s World Trade
Center in 1993, occurred just after 9 a.m.,
when most of the more than 500 federal
employees were in their offices.
The blast could be felt 30 miles away.
Black smoke streamed across the skyline,
and glass, bricks and other debris were
spread over a wide area. The north side of
the building was gone.
People frantically searched for loved
ones, including parents whose children
were in the building’s day-care center.
Christopher Wright of the Coast Guard,
one of those helping inside the building,
said rescuers periodically turned off their
chain saws and prying tools to listen for
pleas for help, “but we didn’t hear any
thing just death.”
“You’re helpless really, when you see
people two feet away, you can’t do any
thing, they’re just smashed,” he said.
“We’re talking to victims who are in
there and reassuring them that we’re doing
everything within the good Lord’s power
to reach them and get to them,” the fire
department’s Hansen said. “It’s going to
be a very slow process.”
The building has offices of such federal
agencies as the Bureau of Alcohol, To
bacco and Firearms, Social Security, Vet
erans Affairs, the Drug Enforcement Ad-
See EXPLOSION, Page 4
BY BRONWEN CLARK
ASSISTANT STATE AND NATIONAL EDITOR
Michael Stegman, a UNC professor of
city and regional planning currently serv
ing as the assistant secretary of policy re
search for the Department of Housing and
Urban Development, visited Chapel Hill
on Wednesday to discuss ways in which
the Clinton administration is working to
Stegman said that progress had already
been made in several areas that linked the
University community to HUD but that
these achievements were often forgotten.
“When I got to HUD, there was prob
ably sls (million) to $lB million in univer
sity grant programs scattered throughout
the department. They were ignored and
not very effective,” he said. “Thefirstthing
(HUD Secretary Henry Cisneros) did was
he asked me to pull the thing together, to
create an office of university partnerships.
This is a small effort paying huge divi
Stegman said the department tried to
stimulate the relationship between univer
sities and their communities by providing
money to students who wanted to work
with urban development.
“ We look at universities as critical to the
regeneration and revitalization of commu
nities and of cities,” he said. “We created
a dissertation grant program which gives
$ 15,000 to 15 Ph.D. students per yearto try
to train the next generation of urban schol
ars who are going to care about... the kind
of work we’re going to do.”
Stegman said that programs such as the
urban enterprise corps at UNC, which
works with minority businesses, were the
types of endeavors he hoped to encourage
as part of a revitalized HUD but that the
budget environment was hostile to the de
“It is not the best environment to have
budget driving policy. Budget and policy
See HUD, Page 2