Volume 103, Issue 110
102 years of editorialfreedom
Serving the students and the University community since 1895
Feminist Discusses Race, Gender
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bell hooks speaks at Memorial Hall on Wednesday. Among other issues,
hooks addressed about the need for a change in the black feminist movement.
IFL Election Raises Questions
About Fraternity Governance
BY JAMES LEWIS
Campus leaders expressed disbelief after the Interffatemity
Countii on Tuesday elected a Phi Gamin? Delta rash co-chair
man as an oftu.tr for die 1995 96 school year .
Countii memoers elected George W orreii, one of three rush co
chairmen who signed a iewd memo sent to Phi Gamma Delta's
pledges earlier this fall. The memo was an itinerary of rush week
events mat invited members to rake advantage of 'sorority pledges
as they stumble around the dance floor in a drunken stupor
bordering on the brink of alcohol poisoning.” Worrell, David
Stallings and Ben Woodruff signed the undated letter.
After the election, Worrell said that he thought his fraternity
had been punished enough and that his election as IFC treasurer
was an effort to move beyond the scandal. “I think being voted in
as IFC treasurer is a step forward to rectify what has been done
wrong and to renew our good relations with fellow fraternities, ” he
said. "I’m not a rapist, as I have been called. I’m a good treasurer.
The IFC will greatly benefit from my services.”
Representatives of 14 of the IFC’s 23 fraternities were repre
sented at the election in the Sigma Nu house. Will Warrick, last
year’s IFC president, who would not disclose the vote breakdown,
indicated that it was a close vote. He said all fraternities had been
notified of the election two weeks ago and had been reminded of
the upcoming elections.
Student Body President Calvin Cunningham said he was disap
pointed that the IFC had elected one of the rush co-chairmen to the
post in light of the scandal. “I respect the right of IFC to elect who
they want, but this destroys their credibility as a governing orga
nization of the fraternity system,” he said.
Cunningham said that he had worked to strengthen the IFC’s
place and credibility within the fraternity structure, but that he felt
Worrell’s election had eroded that work. “We sought to legitimize
IFC’s governing position, which is now undermined by this
Warrick said he thought council representatives voted for
Worrell because he was the strongest candidate for the position.
“It was one of those things where he was voted treasurer
because he was the better of the two,” Warrick said.
He said he thought Worrell’s election to the post could hurt the
IFC’s credibility in the future. “I think that throughout this the
publicity definitely will hurt,” he said.
Warrick, however, also said he thought the position would give
Worrell the opportunity to work toward solving the problems of
misogyny and alcohol abuse shown in the memo.
“Part of his reason for doing this —and people told him not to
run —was also to help make a change that was obviously not just
a Phi Gam problem or a fraternity problem, but more of a male
problem (within society),’’ he said. “Maybe he’s just trying to
reconcile. That will be up to him.”
at this year's high
and low points at Cave Parking: The Rosemary Street parking
the box office. KBMSmu deck provides a prehistoric feel to commuters
Diversions, Page 5 / Wfc with its colorful cave murals.
News, Page 3
Python Problem: Three UNC students found an WOStIW
uninvited resident in their apartment. TODAY: Mostly sunny; high uppeT 40s.
Feature News, Page 3 FRIDAY: Mostly sunny; high 40s
Love doesn’t make the world go ’round. Love is what makes the tide worthwhile.
Franklin P. Jones
Hatty ®ar Bed
■ Nationally known author
bell hooks spoke to a packed
house in Memorial Hall.
A full house of anxious fans awaited the
second annual Sonja H. Stone Memorial
Lecture in Memorial Hall on Wednesday
night. The guest lecturer this year was
renowned author Gloria Watkins, better
known as bell hooks.
hooks’ lecture was titled “Racism and
Sexism: Healing the Wound.” In her lec
ture, she stressed the importance of the
struggle for black determination and revo
hooks said the issues of gender and race
were interwoven and could not be sepa
‘Feminism and sexism are topics that
must occur simultaneously,” she said.
The word feminism has a dual mean
ing, hooks said. White power feminism is
feminism that has been used by opportun
ist white women to their advantage and
not to the advantage of any other women.
For this reason and because of the negative
connotations often associated with femi
nism, black women have been reluctant to
call themselves feminists.
“Feminism became a stick with which
white women could beat black women
with, ’ she said.
hooks said white power feminism had
tried to quiet blacks and elude their beliefs.
BY BRONWEN CLARK
Following a week of activities de
signed to raise awareness about rape
and sexual harassment and in the
midst of campus outrage regarding a
lewd Phi Gamma Delta rush memo,
the Women’s Issues Network and
People Organized for Women’s Em
powerment and Rights will sponsor a
speakout to address the issue of sex
ism on campus.
“The forum is a tool to discuss
what sexism is, how it affects our
community and how we can begin
dismantling it,” said Katie Hultquist,
co-chairwoman of WIN.
Hultquist said the speakout, which
will take place at 3 p.m. today in 100
Hamilton Hall, would not be a panel
discussion but would be an open fo
rum for members of the campus com
munity to express their opinions.
“The speakout is a way to improve
communication surrounding the is
sues of violence against women and
sexism on campus," she said.
The forum had two goals, Hultquist
said. First, it was designed to comple
ment the lessons learned during Rape
Second, Hultquist said the orga
nizers wanted to create and continue
a dialogue about the treatment of
women and the larger implications
for our campus and society.
Adrienne Lockie, the other co-
See SPEAKOUT, Page 2
Chapd Hill North Cirolma
She said the mass media focused on white
power feminism and had said in her work
that the power of white feminist thinking
should be challenged.
Revolutionary feminism refers to a type
of feminism that all types of races take part
in, regardless of racial barriers, hooks
stressed in her lecture that revolutionary
feminist thinkers must challenge white
power feminist thinkers.
hooks said black feminists have often
thought of themselves as race traitors. She
said feminism requires women to look to
“Feminism is so crucial to black self
determination, ” hooks said. “A lot ofblack
women have empowered themselves
through the idea of feminism.”
hooks said many black men are angry
at the idea of feminism because they feel it
is denying them opportunities. She also
said many black men do not read and
write, and therefore they do not under
stand the capitalist system of this country.
“We have so little understanding of
how our system works,” hooks said. Patri
archy is not as important in the black com
munity as in the white community, hooks
said. She said there seemed to be only two
options for black men: to work and provide
or to be unemployed and on the street.
hooks also spoke on the pathology of
white supremacy, in which some whites
had not experienced a fearful situation
with blacks but were still afraid of them.
She also mentioned that in the civil rights
movement many whites gave up their lives
in a racial struggle to help blacks but were
The goal of
rally was to
to take a
role in the
has been a
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March Sparks Activism
The BCC Protests
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Dffl FILE PHOTOS
The Rev. Jesse Jackson and former
Chancellor Paul Hardin address students
after a tense meeting about the black cultural center
the morning of April 15,1993.
Students arrested for taking over the chancellor's
office later that day celebrate alter being released
from the Orange County Jail.
About 70 student protesters gathered in Hardin's
office before police cleared it arresting 16 students
and one town resident.
Council Mulls Revised
BY HILARY SPARROW
The Chapel Hill Town Council inched
closer to changing an open-container vio
lation from a misdemeanor to an infrac
tion Monday night.
Council members voted unanimously
to submit a resolution to the League of
questing a modifi
cation of the state
law, which cur
rently states the pen
alty for carrying an
open container of
alcohol on public
property must result
in a misdemeanor,
except in certain
The vote came in
response to a Sept.
25 petition submit
ted to the council by
Mark Chilton. “It seems tc me that (the
council) may have gone too far in making
possession of an open container into a
misdemeanor,' Chilton stated in the peti
Chilton said he thoughtthetownneeded
to keep the law bu t impose lesser penalties.
“I haven’t suggested at all that we should
go back to making this legal, but instead
One month after the Million Man March,
black student leaders attribute organizational
growth and increased participation to a
heightened sense of understanding and activism.
STATE 6 NATIONAL EDITOR
The crowd chanted, “Long live the spirit of
the Million Man March,” and a crisp breeze
wafted through the air that day, canying on its
back voices calling for a better day in the black
community. Now that a month has passed,
though, is that spirit still alive?
Leaders of several campus black activist
groups said the spirit generated by the march
was in fact alive and well in UNC’s black
community. Some contend that a correlation
can be made between the march and an up
swing in student participation in several groups
and volunteer activities.
UNC’s Black Student Movement President
Ladell Robbins said that since the Oct. 16 rally
in Washington, D.C., which had an estimated
attendance ofbetween 650,000 and 1.1 million
people, there had been an increase in the num
ber ofblack men attending the BSM’s meetings
and volunteering to work on service projects
with the group.
“We've had a lot more males become active
in the BSM, ” Robbins said. “ Prior to the march,
the number of men at meetings was usually
between two and three. Now it’s been fluctuat
ing between 10 and 13 overall at the meetings. ’’
Robbins said there also had been an increase
in the number of men volunteering to work
with the group’s “Be A Somebody” program.
“We pair up upperclass BSM members with
underclassmen,” Carson said. This is done to
help new students make a successful transition
News/Features/ Arts/Sports 962-0245
C 1995 DTH Publishing Coip. All rights reserved.
I’m just suggesting that it be a different type
of crime,” Chilton said.
Misdemeanors, criminal offenses less
serious than felonies, leave a person with a
criminal record upon conviction. Infrac
tions are noncriminal violations punish
able by a monetary fine.
Several UNC students have been cited
under the ordinance and are hoping the
Town Council will consider changing the
penalty UNC freshman James Childers
also submitted a letter to council Oct. 24
that questioned the ordinance.
“There does not appear to be any con
sistency or equal treatment under this ordi
nance, as the Chapel Hill Police Depart
ment and University Police do not seem to
want to work together,” Childers stated in
But others disagreed with the council’s
decision to seek the change in penalties.
“I would like to point to our experience
undeT this law and urge you to consider
leaving it a misdemeanor," Town Man
ager Cal Horton said.
Two members of the Chapel Hill Police
Department also asked the council to leave
the penalty a misdemeanor and spoke in
favor of the ordinance.
“We have less fights, we seem to have
less litter and just fes - problems in gen
eral,” Chapel Hill Police Sergeant Harold
Home said. He said the ordinance has
been a big help to the town since being
asked the Town
Council to change the
into college life.
Ellis Carson, president of the campus chap
ter of the National Association for the Ad
vancement ofColoredPeople, said, “Themarch
was kind of like a reminder.
“There has definitely been an increased
awareness, and along with that increase, there
has been more discussion of the philosophies
that have always been there, but that have
recently been brought back to the forefront,”
“I guess the thing that would best reflect an
increase in the participation is the increased
number of volunteers in our mentoring pro
gram,” he said.
The NAACP’s mentoring program will soon
kick off at Chapel Hill High School. At this
point, about 35 NAACP members have volun
teered to participate in the program. Volun
teers will spend about two hours a week with a
black CHHS sophomore, working with them
in tutorial sessions and workshops, helping
them with homework and being a role model.
Carson said approximately four times the
number ofblack men had volunteered for the
to show African-American 10th graders what
they need to do to get to college,” he said.
Carson said the campus chapter of the
NAACP currently has a membership of about
200 students. He added that on the national
level, the NAACP, the National Urban League
and other black activist groups were flooded
See ACTIVISM, Page 4