“The world must be made safe for democracy.”
Woodrow Wilson, 1917
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Lessons in Warfare
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NORTH CAROLINA COLLECTION, UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROUNA LIBRARY AT CHAPEL HILL
comes up short again and again, because there is no effort without error or shortcoming ...”
Taft Talks at UNC
President William Howard Taft
visited the University in 1915. He
delivered the first lecture in the
Weil Lectures on American
Citizenship, established by the
families of Henry and Sol Weil of
In the picture to the left, Taft
(center) stands on the porch of
Battle House, which belonged to
the University president. Judge
Henry Groves Connor and
President Edward K. Graham
stand on either side.
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NORTH CAROUNA COLLECTION,
UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROUNA
LIBRARY AT CHAPEL HILL
• Johnny Gruelle begins to sell
I’aggedy Ann dolls.
’ A (lerman submarine sinks the British
pas vnger ship S.S. Lusitania sunk. Of
the 1,195 killed, 128 are Americans,
iiiiV asing American sentiment to enter
World War I.
■ UNC joins the South Atlantic
Intercollegiate Conference of State
” Chapel Hill’s Gimghoul Castle is built.
• Albert Einstein publishes his
completed theory of relativity.
■ D.W. Griffith releases “Birth of a
Nation,” forever changing the movie
industry and fanning the flames of
racial discord in America.
When Parking Was Simple
In 1917, very few students or University officials had cars, making parking spots
easy to obtain on campus. Five years earlier, there were only 13 cars in Chapel Hill
for more than 1,000 people. But throughout the decade the presence of automobiles
increased and in 1919, the state paved a 19-foot strip down the middle of Franklin
Street just east of Columbia Street.
•John Lloyd Wright, son of Frank,
invents Lincoln Logs after seeing his
father’s design for the Imperial Palace
Hotel in Japan.
•Jeanette Rankin from Montana
becomes the first woman elected to
NORTH CAROLINA COLLECTION. UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROUNA ÜBRARY AT CHAPEL HILL
World War I Effect on Carolina
College campuses were not out of touch with the rest of
America as the country fought for democracy. UNC created
mock battlefields (above), complete with trenches and
barbed wire, to train soldiers. Athletic fields were
temporarily used for this practice (left).
World War I unified the United States in a way nothing else
could, drawing help from all Americans, including women
The women (far left), Red Cross volunteers in Raleigh, are
pictured handing out refreshments to the newly enlisted black
troops. As men took off for overseas battlegrounds, women
who did not serve as volunteers filled in at factories and at
On May 18, 1917, the Selective Service Act was passed,
providing for the enlistment of all able-bodied American men
between the ages of 21 and 31. Blacks, who were turned down
from enlistment when the United States first joined the war,
signed up. More than 2 million black men registered.
NORTH CAROLINA COLLECTION, UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROUNA ÜBRARY AT CHAPEL HILL
• United States declares war on
Germany, officially entering World
• Original Dixielandjass Band releases
the first-ever jazz recording, “Livery
• The NAACP launches a silent
protest parade in New York City to
protest a massacre in Illinois and
lynchings in Texas and Tennessee
that happened that year.
• V.I. Lenin leads the Bolshevik
revolution and overturns the Russian
• Puerto Rico becomes an American
In the Nation
Beginning of the 1910s
Male life expectancy: 48.4 years
Female life expectancy: 51.8 years
Black life expectancy: 35.6 years
Average worker's weekly wage: $47.92
Leading cause of death: influenza
Population of Chapel Hill 802
Costs per semester
Summer school enrollment 40 men
Graduating class 76 out of
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NORTH CAROUNA COLLECTION, UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROUNA ÜBRARY AT CHAPEL HILL
Basketball is Born
The eight men above comprised the first UNC basketball
team to play competitively with other schools in 1911. The team
won its first game, 42-11, on Jan. 27, 1911, against Virginia
Christian in Chapel Hill. The team played its home contests in
Bynum Gym, now the site of the University Cashier’s Office. In
the time, a crowd of 50 was considered enormous.
Football coach T.C. “Doggie” Trenchard returned to the
school for the 1913 campaign. The next season, the Tar Heels
went 10-1, outscored their opponents 359-52 and became the
first Southern team to display players’ numbers on their
jerseys. In 1915, Trenchard began the first athletic training
table at UNC in his home, feeding the 56 members of the
squad on a daily basis.
Emerson Stadium (below) was constructed in 1916 and
stood near the area where Davis Library now stands. Varsity
football was sacrificed for military training in 1917 and 1918.
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NORTH CAROUNA COLLECTION. UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROUNA ÜBRARY AT CHAPEL HILL
• Warner Brothers film studio is
• More than $lB billion in Liberty
Bonds are sold to support the American
• The worldwide influenza epidemic,
which eventually kills 20 million
people, including 500,000 Americans,
strikes Chapel Hill. University
President Edward Kitter Graham died
from pneumonia following the flu.
• Varsity football is sacrificed for
• Daylight Savings Time starts.
• Sales of Ouija Boards reach 1 million.
Friday, October 8,1999
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• TVeaty of Versailles is signed, ending
World War I.
• Phillips Hall opens for the math and
• The “Black Sox” scandal mars the
World Series. After the favored
Chicago White Sox lose to the
Cincinnati Reds, eight White Sox
players, including “Shoeless" Joe
Jackson, are banned from the game
for conspiring to throw the series.
• Grand Canyon National Park
• Henry Woodbum Chase is
inaugurated as the new University
Research by Brian Bedsworth, Oaniele Eubanks, Drew Guiteras. Matt Mansfield, Justin Marlowe, Vicky Eckenrode, Lauren Beal and Robin Clemow ;
Photo coordination by Sefton Ipock; Timeline and graphics by Megan Sharkey and Dana Craig; Art direction and design by Lindsay Kinkade and Thomas Ausman