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Bridging the Gap
A Russian diplomat discusses
the transition from socialism.
See Page 3
Bush Deploys Troops; Conflict Nears
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - The Pentagon
ordered dozens of advanced aircraft to
the Persian Gulf region Wednesday as
the hour of military retaliation for dead
ly terrorist attacks drew closer. President
Bush announced he would address
Congress and the nation Thursday night.
“I owe it to the country to give an
explanation,” the president said in the
Bush spoke after meeting with con
gressional leaders to discuss the econo
my, weak before the attacks and buffet
ed by thousands of layoffs in the airline
industry and elsewhere in the eight days
UNC Expresses Grief, Hope Through Art
By Nick Parker
Initially a featureless black barricade, a tribute
surrounding the flagpole on Polk Place became clut
tered Wednesday with painted handprints and mes
sages such as “Let us not respond to hate with hate.”
The centerpiece of the tribute was an eight-foot
black wall meant to serve as a memorial for the vic
tims of last week’s terrorist attacks.
Between 8:30 a.m. and 4 p.m., nearly 500 mem
bers of the campus community were invited to add
their words, prayers and handprints to the wall, set up
on Polk Place. Amid trumpet blasts, inspirational
songs, poems and heartfelt weeping, the tribute
turned into a bright yet somber exhibition of hope
and prayer. Even those who did not contribute
direcdy were touched and watched from afar.
Arts Carolina, the program that organized the
construction of the wadi and performances around
it, strove to capture everyone’s fear, grief, pain and,
most importantly, hope. “I feel that at times like
this it is important for everyone to come together
to mourn,” said Amy Brannock, director of Arts
Carolina. “Arts are an extremely powerful way to
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Aemi Ko paints her own tribute to the victims of the terrorist attacks
on the memorial in Polk Place Wednesday afternoon.
Legislature on Verge
Of Approving Budget
By Cleve Wootson
and Perry Lusk
After a three-month debate, the state
budget might finally be nearing com
On Wednesday, members from both
the House and the Senate agreed to send
the tax package proposal - which the
Senate passed Tuesday - to a conference
committee. The committee consists of
legislative leaders from both chambers.
The Senate’s $1 billion tax package
could be large enough to fill a fiscal hole
in the budget and could end debate
about how to increase state revenue.
Sen. Howard Lee, D-Orange, who is
It is an unfortunate fact that we can secure peace only by preparing for war.
John F. Kennedy
since. “No question it’s tough times,” he
said. “This is a shock to the economy,
and we’re going to respond.”
The president will ask Congress to
give the nation’s airlines $5 billion in
immediate aid, plus help with their
insurance liability, an administration
official said, but not $12.5 billion in
loans the industry says it needs to avert
bankruptcies - at least for now.
Federal Reserve Board Chairman
Alan Greenspan was quoted as telling
lawmakers earlier that they should focus
on restoring economic confidence and
not rush into passing legislation of
The president’s announcement that
express feelings of loss, shock or hope, and this was
our way of giving students that opportunity.”
Students walking between classes were hypno
tized, fascinated as groups wept and consoled, find
ing a feeling of unity and pride in the wall.
“This (wall) represents everything that the ter
rorist sought to take from us: freedom of speech,
freedom of expression,” said Jared Sokolsky, a
freshman business major who stood at a distance,
The event began with a collection of speeches
from members of UNC’s arts community. Ray
Dooley, chairman of the Department of Dramatic
Art, spoke on the group’s behalf and encouraged all
observers to hang a hollow dove stuffed with senti
mental words on the wall. Students also could write
letters to the families, survivors or rescue workers
affected by the attacks.
At 8:45,9:03,9:43 and 10:10 a.m. - the moments
when each of the four hijacked airplanes crashed
Sept. 11 -a bed was rung. A heavy silence followed.
Throughout the rest of the morning, members of
public were invited to pick up the microphone to
See CANVAS, Page 2
the chairman of the Senate
Appropriations Committee, said Gov.
Mike Easley supports the chamber’s ten
tative budget Easley threatened earlier in
the week to veto a budget that included
only the House’s proposal, which would
raise S7OO million in the next two years.
“There is a tentative budget with
which the governor agreed and, there
fore, there is no reason for Governor
Easley to veto,” Lee said.
The tax package will be added to the
budget in conference committee, and
the full budget could be approved by
both chambers as early as Friday.
But Senate Minority Leader Patrick
See TAX BILL, Page 2
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
'Human Tackle Box?'
A bill passed by the N.C. House
could regulate piercing parlors.
See Page 15
he would go before a joint session of
Congress marked a quickening in the
pace of events as the administration
worked on military, diplomatic and eco
nomic responses to the attacks that
A Pentagon official outlined the first
steps of “Operation Infinite Justice,” the
decision to send F-15s, F-16s and possi
bly B-l bombers to the Persian Gulf.
The aircraft will follow the deployment
of air traffic control teams. An aircraft
carrier left Virginia en route to joining
two other carriers in the region.
“There are movements, and we will
see more movements,” said the second
in-command at the Pentagon, Paul
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Debora Dorland dons her Statue of Liberty costume at Wednesday's art memorial. Students
passing through Polk Place paid tribute to victims by painting on the large flats in the quad.
Residents Air Final Concerns About Growth Plan
By Matt Viser
and Angie Newsome
A standing room only crowd showed
up at Town Hall on Wednesday night to
voice its support - or its concern - for
UNC’s Development Plan.
The Chapel Hill Town Council will
vote on the plan OcL 3. If it is approved,
UNC will be able to implement the first
phase of its Master Plan.
The Development Plan is an eight-year
plan that details how UNC’s growth will
affect the town, and it contains aspects of
the University’s Master Han, which charts
campus growth for the next 50 years.
University officials at the meeting
said they often sought input from resi
dents in an effort to make the plan more
appealing to the town.
Ben Folds returns to Chapel
Hill to rock the suburbs.
See Page 5
The president devoted a portion of
his day to diplomacy, beckoning all
countries around the globe to con
tribute, some openly, some secredy to
“the long campaign against terrorism.”
Looking ahead to his speech, Bush
said, “I look forward to the opportunity
to explain to the American people who
would do this to our great country. And
Officials said Bush will not ask
Congress to declare war in his speech,
set for 9 p.m. EDT Thursday. They also
cautioned against expecting the presi
dent to specify when military retaliation
will occur. “This is not a speech to
“We’ve tried to develop the Mason
Farm Road project in as collaborative
an effort as possible,” said Dean
Bresciani, associate vice chancellor for
student services, referring to a portion of
the plan that would expand the southern
bounds of campus.
But many residents disagreed, saying
the University failed to take their con
cerns into consideration. “Our sugges
tions were ignored in the final version of
the Master Plan, and they have also
been ignored completely in regards to
the Development Plan," said Anita
Wolfenden of 1307 Mason Farm Road.
“We have been misled by UNC’s
assurances that our input would count,
and attending all these meetings has
been a total waste of time.”
See HEARING, Page 2
Today: Showers; H 79, L 60
Friday: Sunny; H 81, L 60 i
Saturday: Mostly Sunny; H 82, L 60
announce military action,” said
Condoleezza Rice, Bush’s national secu
The speech will come nine days after
the worst terrorist attacks in the nation’s
history. Hijackers seized four jediners
and flew two of them into the twin tow
ers of the World Trade Center and a
third into the Pentagon. A fourth
crashed in rural Pennsylvania, appar
endy after passengers struggled with
hijackers. The number of dead is expect
ed to exceed 5,400.
Bush issued his call for an internation
al effort to “help us round up these peo-
See ATTACK, Page 2
Chapel Hill resident Anita Wolfenden speaks in opposition
to UNC's Development Plan at a public hearing Wednesday night.
Islamic clerics consider
the fate of bin Laden and
whether to declare war if
the United States attacks.
The Associated Press
KABUL, Afghanistan - The leader of
Afghanistan’s ruling Taliban movement
said Wednesday his officials are willing
to meet with the United States but
accused Washington of unfairly vilifying
terrorist suspect Osama bin Laden.
Mullah Mohammed Omar
addressed his comments to hundreds of
Islamic clerics who met here
Wednesday at the Taliban’s request to
decide the fate of bin Laden and
whether to call on Muslims here and
abroad to wage holy war against the
United States if it attacks Afghanistan.
Despite urgings by Omar that it fin
ish its work, the council of clerics broke
up late Wednesday without an agree
ment. It was to resume the next day,
said Qadratullah Jamal, the Taliban’s
culture and information minister.
In a speech read to the gathering in
the war-shattered Presidential Palace,
Omar denounced Washington’s por
trayal of bin Laden’s alleged role in the
Sept. II terrorist attacks in the United
States and its refusal to produce evi
dence. He called the U.S.’s actions an
effort to harm Oie'Tafiban; according to
the Afghan Islamic Press, a Pakistan
based Afghan news agency with close
ties to the Taliban.
“Osama has denied his involvement
It is unfortunate that America does not
listen to us and levels all sorts of charges
and threatens military action,” Omar
said in the speech. “We have held talks
in ... the past with U.S. governments
several times, and we are ready for
But he said, “If America still wants to
attack us ... and to destroy the Islamic
government of Afghanistan, we want to
get the religious decision from you, our
respected religious scholars.”
The Bush administration rejected the
Taliban offer for talks.
“The president has made it clear it’s
time for actions, not negotiations with
the Taliban,” said White House press
secretary Ari Fleischer.
As the closed-door meeting got
under way in Kabul dozens of turbaned
Taliban soldiers armed with rocket
launchers and Kalashnikov rifles stood
guard outside the giant cement walls
that surround the palace. Omar, who is
believed to have final decision-making
power, did not attend, remaining at the
Taliban headquarters in Kandahar.
Bin Laden, a Saudi exile living in
Afghanistan since 1996, is the main sus
pect in the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks
against the World Trade Center and