North Carolina Newspapers

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U.S. Breaks Up Al-Qaida Funding Network
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Raids by federal
agents Wednesday disrupted a scheme
that has routed tens of millions of dollars
to Osama bin Laden’s network from
money Somalis in
the United States
sent home to rela
tives, officials said.
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The raids targeted U.S. businesses in
suburban Washington, D.C., Boston,
Berger Addresses Concerns of War
Clinton's national security adviser said the
United States must make sure it gives as
much as it receives from other countries.
By Elyse Ashburn
Staff Writer
Sandy Berger, former president Bill Clinton’s national secu
rity adviser, said Wednesday that the United States must be
“alert but not inert” in the wake of the Sept. 11 attacks as he
addressed a full house in Carroll Hall.
In a lecture titled “America’s Fight Against Terrorism:
Challenges and Change,” Berger addressed the consequences of
the Sept 11 attacks and focused on five main areas of concern:
the enemy, achieving success, returning to a sense of normal
cy, the alignment of die political world and the U.S. economy.
Berger said he supports the Bush administration’s response.
He said he agrees with President Bush’s decision to identify all
terrorists as enemies of the United States. “The targeting of
innocent civilians, regardless of cause or grievance, is simply
impermissible,” Berger said.
Although he recognized all terrorist organizations as the
enemy, Berger said America primarily should target al-Qaida
and Osama bin Laden. He said the American public should
view bin Laden and al-Qaida as formidable but not invincible.
“We always make our enemies 10 feet tall. Our enemies are
not 10 feet tall,” he said. “They can hide, but there are no
magic carpets in Afghanistan. They cannot disappear.”
Berger was foreign policy adviser during Clinton’s 1992
presidential campaign, served as deputy national security
adviser during Clinton’s first presidential term and was nation
al security adviser during Clinton’s second term. He is cur
rendy a foreign relations consultant in the private sector.
The speech was one in a series made possible in part by a
$lO million donation from UNC alumnus Austin Gardner.
Berger said Americans must prepare for a long campaign and
not anticipate immediate success. He said the United States
eventually will succeed if the public is unrelenting in its support.
But he said the nation must be careful how it conducts the
war, keeping in mind the political situation in other countries
and the issues their leaders face. Berger said it is crucial at this
time for America to contribute as much as it receives from other
countries. Berger said the nation needs more enterprises like
UNC’s plan to establish a satellite business school in Qatar.
He said Americans do not need to accept terror but must
be willing to adjust. “Asa mature country, we need to realize
we will not return to a terror-free America,” Berger said.
The Sept. 11 attacks, he said, “not only buckled the steel pil
lars of the World Trade Center towers but placed a real strain
on certain pillars of the economy.” Berger said the impact of
See BERGER, Page 2
Experts Compare Bush's Tactics to Clinton's
By Cleve Wootson
Staff Writer
Experts say that although ideologies
conflict, there is little difference between
President George W. Bush’s response to
the terrorist attacks and measures Bill
Clinton’s administration would have
taken under similar circumstances.
Internet Troubles Plague Special Election
By Jeff Silver
and Addie Sluder
Staff Writers
Despite computer server errors
Wednesday morning that forced elec
tion officials to scramble late into the
evening, the campus elections ended
Wednesday night as planned.
Student Body President Justin Young,
It is not who you attend school with but who controls the school you attend.
Nikki Giovanni
Columbus, Ohio, Minneapolis and
Seattle believed to be part of the Al-
Barakaat financial network based in
Somalia. Officials said the network had
dozens of affiliates in the United States.
“Millions of dollars have moved
through these U.S. offices of Al- Barakaat,”
Treasury Secretary Paul O’Neill said. “This
organization is now exposed for what it is
-a pariah in the civilized world.”
The head of the Al-Barakaat group in
Somalia denied his companies were
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Sandy Berger, national security adviser to former President Clinton, spoke at Carroll Hall
on Wednesday. Berger addressed the presence of terrorism in the world and its roots.
When terrorists exploded bombs at
U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania
in August 1998, Clinton launched cruise
missiles against factories in Afghanistan
and Sudan in retaliation. But those
strikes have been viewed as ineffective.
Clinton also has been criticized for tak
ing minimal action when the World Trade
Center was first attacked in February 1993
along with other student government offi
cials, contemplated extending voting for
Homecoming king and queen and open
Student Congress seats through today
because they feared the technical prob
lems had kept some students from voting.
But officials decided to call the race
Wednesday night after candidates unan
imously voiced concern about extend
ing the election, and all agreed to accept
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Getting in Gear
Four potential student body president
candidates begin organizing campaigns.
See Page 3
involved in terrorism.
Investigators, however, believe tens of
millions of dollars a year flowed through
the Al-Barakaat network from Somalis in
the United States to their homeland.
As much as 10 percent of the money
was funneled to groups connected to bin
Laden, law enforcement officials said. A
criminal complaint filed in Boston sug
gested some of the money leaving the
United States first went to the United
Arab Emirates in the Middle East.
and when American soldiers were killed
in an attack on the USS Cole in October
2000 in Yemen. All three terrorist attacks
have been linked to Osama bin Laden.
“Had the first attack on the World
Trade Center succeeded in the way the
second attack did, it seems to me the
Clinton administration would have been
much more aggressive,” said
the results of Wednesday’s voting.
The election for the Student Congress
representative in District 17 will be post
poned until Tuesday because of addi
tional complications specific to that race.
The special election was held to fill 13
empty seats in Congress.
Results of the Homecoming election
will be announced during halftime at
Saturday’s football game. The newly
Family Affair
Family lessons make Matt
Crawford a defensive leader.
See Page 9
i>MMI
Officials said half the fees Somalis
would pay to send money home would
eventually end up in the hands of al-
Qaida members. Somali immigrants in
the United States were probably
unaware of the diversion, they said.
“We have 100,000 Somalians in the
United States, and it is not an unusual
practice of foreign-bom people residing
in United States ... to send money back
to their families who are living in very
impoverished circumstances to help
Christopher Twomey, political science
professor at Harvard University.
But some say there are still significant
differences between Bush and Clinton.
Andrew Bacevich, Boston University
professor of international politics, said the
Clinton administration’s actions after ter-
See CLINTON, Page 2
elected Congress representatives are
Daniel Herman and Nora Kizer in
District 9, Margaret Thomas in District
13, Emma Ruff in District 18, Matthew
Dresnick in District 21 and Eryn Linkous
in District 25. As of late Tuesday, Districts
2,3,4,10 and 19 still had vacancies.
But a Student Central server failure
See ELECTIONS, Page 2
393 gfc
them out,” O’Neill said.
In other news, the Afghan opposition
claimed its fighters edged closer to the
strategic northern city of Mazar-e-Sharif
on Wednesday, and U.S. special forces
reported Northern Alliance fighters on
horseback charged Taliban tanks and
armored personnel carriers.
Officials of the ruling Taliban denied
losing territory but acknowledged fight
ing was intense.
In Washington, Marine Corps Gen.
State Works to Ease
System Budget Cuts
By Amanda Lee
Staff Writer
UNC-system officials recendy
learned the extent of the budget cuts fac
ing the system are lower than original
ly anticipated.
Last month, Gov. Mike Easley’s
office informed UNC-system officials
state revenue was not reaching expected
levels due to the economic downturn
resulting from the terrorist attacks.
Officials asked many state agencies to
prepare for funding cuts -as high as 4
percent for the UNC system.
But system officials and the state bud
get director recendy agreed on a plan
with a 2.7 percent decrease in state fund
ing for public higher education pro
grams.
State-supported universities and com
munity colleges were asked to come up
with their own plans for decreasing their
intake of state funds.
Fred Hartman, Easley’s press secre
tary, said he thinks the plan is a step in the
right direction. “Education is a top prior
ity, and we don’t want to do anything
negative to our universities,” he said.
Hartman said the governor ordered
budget cuts for many state agencies but
did not want to set a target percentage
for education. Instead, Easley allowed
UNC-system officials to determine a fan
cut “We are trying to be good stewards
of the people’s money, serving the peo
ple as best we can,” he said.
Hartman said the state’s economic
situation appears to be improving, but it
is necessary to prepare for the worst
Jeff Davies, UNC-system vice presi
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Sophomore Craig Boyer films classmates Casey Frost and Duncan
Pittman, both juniors. The students were working on an assignment
for their audio, video and film production and writing class.
Weather
Today: Sunny; H 75, L 44
Friday: Sunny; H 66, L 33
Saturday: Sunny; H 65, L 33
Peter Pace said the fighting south of
Mazar-e-Sharif was “very fluid” and the
opposition appeared to be making
progress.
Pace, vice chairman of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff, said, “They’re taking the
war to their enemy and ours."
Capturing Mazar-e-Sharif would be a
major victory for the Northern Alliance
because it would open supply corridors
to neighboring countries Tajikistan and
Uzbekistan and cut Taliban supply lines.
dent for finance, said the percentage is
lower because the governor decided to
protect education, not because the eco
nomic picture had improved substantially.
Davies also insisted the spending
decrease will not impair classroom activ
ity at UNC-system universities. “With this
2.7 percent cut and the plans we will be
making with the chancellors, we should
be able to protect instruction,” he said.
In the meantime, Davies said the
numbers will continue to be re-exam
ined depending on whether the econo
my improves.
“This is the best information we have
now,” he said. “The state’s economy will
continue to be a factor, and we will re
examine the economic projection after
the first of the year."
The 2.7 percent cut will reduce the
University’s budget by about $lO million.
UNC-Chapel Hill Provost Robert
Shelton said the smaller cut also is bet
ter than expected because it is non
recurring, offering flexibility to deans
and other decision makers in making
temporary cuts.
Shelton said UNC-CH students
might feel some effects of the cuts, but, if
so, they will be small. Cuts mostly will
affect the hiring of new staff, travel
expenses for employees and other
expenses not directly related to teaching.
“Students won’t feel the effects of the
cut too badly, but you’ll sadly still have
to deal with construction delays.”
State & National Editor Alex Kaplun
contributed to this story.
The State & National Editor can be
reached at stntdesk@unc.edu.
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