THURSDAY, JULY 8, 2004
Judicial process could prove difficult
As the new Iraqi government
prepares to put former President
Saddam Hussein on trial, concerns
have risen about the proceeding’s
fairness and security.
Hussein, the former dictator
who ruled Iraq with an iron fist for
more than 20 years, will be tried on
the charge of crimes against
humanity in an Iraqi court, without
American intervention. The move
has raised questions about how fair
such an important trial can be in a
country with little history of
emphasis on personal liberties.
“They want it to be and appear
as fair as possible,” said Patrick
Basham, a senior fellow with the
Center for Representative
Government at the CATO
Institute, a conservative
Washington, D.C.-based think
“But Saddam will be tried in an
Iraqi judicial system, which has no
precedent of fairness.”
But Michael O’Hanlon, a senior
fellow for foreign policy studies at
the Brookings Institution, a
Washington think tank that has
focused recently on the U.S.
involvement in Iraq, said Hussein
might have too fair of a trial.
“The burden of proof may be too
high,” O’Hanlon said, adding that
if there is no proof of Hussein
pulling a trigger or if no one steps
forward to affirm his involvement
in murder, there might not be
enough evidence to convict him.
But the millions of Iraqis whose
family members were victims of
Hussein and his Baath Party
anticipate his trial and conviction.
“There are a great number of
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people who can tell a great number
of horrific things about his regime,”
Hussein’s involvement in the
1991 invasion of Kuwait and the
subsequent uprising of Shiite
Muslims, which he ended largely
with poison chemicals, also play in
favor of his conviction.
Mark Weisburd, professor of law
at UNC, added, “There isn’t any
dispute about the historical facts.”
O’Hanlon said that if Hussein is
convicted, it also can be healthy for
the Iraqi government in showing
authority and helping Iraq move
O’Hanlon added, “If the trial
can be handled well and efficiently
and if Saddam is convicted, it can
be positive for Iraqis who had per
sonal ties with his victims.”
But there is also the question of
whether or not witnesses will testi
fy against Hussein, given his vio
“It’s pretty obvious the U.S. will
have to be heavily involved in get
ting security for the trial,”
Furthermore, in his defense,
Hussein might bring up the U.S.
aid and encouragement given to
him in the past
“There is every likelihood he will
use the opportunity to embarrass
the U.S. and other involved politi
cal leaders,” Basham said.
But the U.S. government likely
will be helpful to Iraq during the
trial, wanting the strongest case
against Hussein possible.
O’Hanlon said, “It’s a very
important, underrated event.”
Contact the State Etf National
Editor at email@example.com.
Nader’s campaign hits snags
BY MARK PUENTE
Independent presidential can
didate Ralph Nader’s campaign
appears to be in a downward spi
ral due to his inability to obtain die
signatures needed to place him on
Nader, the Green Party presi
dential candidate in 1996 and
2000, was snubbed by his former
party in favor of another candi
date. The Green Party has access
to 23 state ballots in November’s
He did not get enough signa
tures to be on the ballot in North
Carolina, as in 2000, and will have
to rely on a write-in campaign.
One expert said the Green Party
snub will be difficult for Nader to
overcome and has dealt him a
major blow because being on a
ballot gives a candidate legitimacy.
“Without his former party’s
backing, and given the complexi
ty of election laws in every state,
Nader will eventually have to start
from scratch, “ said Shaun Bowler,
professor of political science at the
University of Califbmia-Riverside.
In the 2000 election, Nader was
seen as siphoning votes in key bat
tleground states, enabling George
W. Bush to narrowly defeat Al
Gore. Democrats fear a repeat of
that this year.
So far, Nader is on the ballot in
six states: Florida, Michigan,
Kansas, Mississippi, Montana and
Moreover, Nader’s campaign
was dealt another setback when he
was ruled ineligible to be on
Arizona’s ballot because a number
of signatures were unverifiable.
Bowler added that it is difficult
for Nader to gamer any positive
Workers’ panel has gainful summer
Short-term successes belie resources
BY BRIAN HUDSON
The Employee Forum is making
progress this summer, officials say,
and they hope the group will con
tinue to hold momentum come fall.
“It’s a little less stressful on cam
pus during the summer,” said
Tommy Griffin, three-term chair
man of the forum. “There’s a little
more (accessibility) getting folks,
getting in places and talking to
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Independent presidential candidiate Ralph Nader again didn't receive enough signatures to appear on the
N.C. predisential ballot and will have to conduct a write-in campaign in 2004, as he did in the 2000 election.
“His only coverage is of‘Nader
the spoiler,’” he said.
Additionally, in Oregon,
Democrats have accused
Republicans of encouraging party
members to sign Nader’s petitions
because the left-leaning Nader
would draw votes from the pre
sumptive Democratic nominee,
Sen. John Kerry of Massachusetts.
Such setbacks could prove fatal
to Nader’s candidacy.
The forum met yesterday, and
according to the agenda, a discus
sion of the State Health Plan —a
major focus of the Employee
Forum led the meeting.
Another major effort of the
Employee Forum is the recent sup
port of the goals established by the
Chancellor’s Task Force for a Better
During the past year the task
“If Nader supporters see his sup
port eroding, they may abandon
their efforts in other states,” said
Paul Goren, professor of political
science at Arizona State University.
The latest national polls indicate
that a Bush-Kerry matchup is stat
But Nader consistently draws 4
percent to 7 percent of voters in
battleground states enough votes
to hurt Bush or Kerry.
But Robert Sahr, professor of
force drafted 34 goals for improv
ing the UNC work environment.
Based on employee surveys, the
groups created short-, medium
and long-term goals.
Associate Vice Chancellor for
Human Resources Laurie Charest
announced in the June meeting of
the Employee Forum that the task
force had received responses for
each of the report’s 34 proposals.
She also said that two-thirds of
the goals require additional
“The short term we’re going to
idly (Tor Hlppl
political science at Oregon State
University, said the political land
scape this year is different than in
“A lot of people realize Nader’s
actions cost Gore the election,” he
“And the people who are nega
tive toward Bush might see a vote
for Nader as being thrown away.”
Contact the State £2 National
Editor at firstname.lastname@example.org.
be able to handle OK. The medi
um and long term is going to
require a little more resources,”
Griffin said, explaining that the
task force’s, long term goals
such as establishing a tuition
waiver program and providing
health-related benefits require
action from the N.C. General
He said forum members would
be relentless in their efforts to
lobby legislators in the interest of
“We’re gonna start as soon as this
legislation ends,” he said. “We’re
going to get ready for next year.”
Griffin said the forum also will
spend time this summer and fall
analyzing the University’s griev
“We’re still looking at the griev
ance system into ways to
improve systems,” Griffin said.
He said that he hopes the
University’s ombudsman, a posi
tion created by the task force, will
improve communication and
reduce problems with the system.
“If you get people before they
get stressed out before hard
feelings they can usually talking
Griffin said the attention to the
grievance system predates the
attention brought to it by the firing
of Bill Shuler.
Shuler, a former UNC house
keeper, was fired in May. He is
pursuing legal action, claiming
that the University wrongfully ter
minated him as a result of the
grievances against his firing going
unheard by UNC officials.
Griffin said the forum has been
investigating the grievance process
for several years, but the Shuler
incident is very much related to
“A grievance is a very stressful
situation for the University and
especially for the person,” he said.
“It’s stressful enough if you’re on
the job, but if you’re not it’s even
Contact the University Editor
■ A July 1 page 3 story cited
Sept. 13 —a hypothetical starting
date —as the day for the forma
tion of the revised MLKRoad
To report a correction, Contact Managing
Editor Laura Youngs at layou9email.unc.edu.
Sattg (Tar Hwl
P.O. Box 3257, Chapel Hill, NC 27515
Philip McFee, Editor, 962-4086
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