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' -. . " ' . ' - "" - . - L". , i - " ' , ' ' ' ' '. ' . j -: ' ' -. i - -. .... , - . , , -. .
TR1-WKEKLY A WEEiq,T BY THK
IateM of ,-Vtlvertiina: t .
ERA PUBLISHING; .CQulEANYi
One wjuare, one time, . - ; - - $1 00
l wo times.- - - - - - 1 GO
; ' ' tlirce times,- - - - 2 00
4 square i themirnlth ofjt cftlumn, rind 1
111 of Saicnton .'
TRi-WtKKLT--One year, ta advance,- $3 00
' j t f c months, in ad vancet, 2 00
finches dfrju .;rT.,T -: v- ; - v
Oontraet Advertisements taken at
: 'Muni . 1 amontnjvinaavance, . I uo
I 1 month, in advance,-; i 50
proportionately low rates.
WKKKtr-iOneyear. In advance, . , - 1 00
f L; Si Months, in ;adTaucc 5q
, VOL 1.
, , , Professional Cjdn.tiotexcecillng 1 fiqnire,
will be pnbishe4 one year for 12. .. i, .
" . - ' i . j 1 1 t. v : - i rVk ai ki iy n f n ti7 , n rKJn nr.A-i '.ia- . ..i.'f -i-
. if.. -mi ii ,i. i J' i -f I r I T T i fi.r. . ..ii ill J i . I a J n n r.; . I I t li u i 1 v I it i . ii v i i;. i - --- i. : -. - i . . .
. The SeiiXinel 'says wo " have fail oil a
an iiiitor..: If Uie columns of the 7J-
nc furnish 1 an Example 'of a perfect
Editor we humbly and devoutly thank
God that we .have failed. ' . ,
The Republicans of Pennsylvania,
Kentucky. Ohio, and Iowa . are all In
thoileldaHjinited, 'active,- and har-
monious ... A: cood resul t may be ex
pected frbm each.'?
A friend sending; us a club of sub-
Bribersto the Era writes:
-rTo-dar 'I 'met persona from Guilford.
That bounty as "well as Forayth, will roll
tiD arousing maloritvaaralnst the Conven
tion.. Our people remember! the Conven
tion of 1801. Thia Convention is called, in
the interest of the same rartiea whose set
tled determination now hs then is to rule or
ruin' this Southern country. .
.. TO CORRESPONDENTS.
We .are compelled, for the present, to
decline the publication of many val
liable commurUai tions,' torr hand,; . on
account ; of (' their length. 'Short; pointed
articles are the only ones , we can pub
lish until after the election. ' 1 t
w i-riu 4' " hLK.. - a
Judge Smith in the Senate refuse
-rj itiL x cJ
lend "himself to any purely partisan
schemes, tmfc in the; House the. Labor
Reforriiers insist upon eating tlie oys
ters and" leaving ' the Democrats with
theshetfa".';,. '" ; '; :'V';
. . .WHATS THE liATTER.
How does it batmen ' that the 'Sentl-
' nel yoiunteers, In advance of an attack,
a defence .of . General . Leach's "moral
character, 5 "and ' 1 his reputation for
truth 'and1 honor.' Wrho has assailed
? apd kwhat is the hiurge against
As the defence is i made. ; let - us
- I ." :
the accusation! . - '
THE VOICE OF A -PROPHET.'
" I tell you that our party i gone' up
1. is store icui go tor wie jcenuixt
ca,. j in the JresldeiitiSl election.11 . "21
tell you if tee go info an election ' ice will
be badly defeated.11 ,
Conservative Senator Love, of Jack
son; in the debate-' on the Convention
. i r i THE CHIEF 1H MOTION-, f " -
" ' . . ' -
The Styitinel ;: infbrrny -' ns . that ' 3Ir.
Speaker1; jaryjsisn "to address the
- people jqT Uie. West in favor -of a Con
vention, v: , l j. v-' j .
The Drdmot action' of the TJ. S. au-
thorites Ih capturing and indicung tne
perpetrators of tle Tecent outrages ; in I
Rutherford . county,-, has demoralized I
and :scattereu'rnany. oi itne iva ivrax i
camps. , It necessary to get them to
getber again 'foil' the ( election. The
head of the Conservative party in the
State'therefore goes to" Cleaveland and
Rutherford to reorganize, '
in i . ' '
TiiziiE are two ways of changing the I
Constitution of the State. One accord-
ing to ''faifv-rthe other by Revolution. I
y the Jfirst methoa provided in tne I
Constitution, . it may : Jbe changed
through a 'i Convention, or i by Leg-
islativfe ' 'enactment; ." By . th"eL ;Rev
lutioiiarV method, ; whicn, is ; that .pro-1
posed' :l?y .the sCJonservative party, the I
ConsUtutiom may be orthro wn wim-1
'but bloodshedprovided' the proper
- tribunal' td which .they may address i
- themsejves" chooses 'to recognise ;an as-1
semblages: which J Judge' illuffin 'in a
similar case declarexrwas only ar vau
cus " bf; private persb? uuthorized
by lawancl whose' acts would be void:
The Leirislatare, At dtsilate aossiondid
not curtail expenses in-any respect, but
rather increased ;Uiem; and, .therefore the
only hope for Relief thatwe know of is to
liave a State Convention to change the Con
stitution, For the" sake,: of honestv and
(winomT.let us have a Convention. CAar .
Democrat.' ' ' ' - 4 ' ; V I
What -will the ru youth and inexpen-
ence say to this'thrust from a leaomg
i i . ' -
.organ 01 mei r -pa j , i
are opposed to amenoing me vuuaum;
tion by LegislaUve enactment xor iear
somebody interested In the state aebt I
will brtDe wenii i iiw'iwwww i
to thinlr the LegL'dature neither honest
or ecohoxnical, and therefore wants a I
Oonven'uon, we inrer, iot get na 01 iu
Wo surest again,it is cheaper for them I
Jn rJtiM-1'- " ' ' I
" " . . 1.. , I .
. ,ti'i' .V.oriro wfl.a'nfTeTea to the I
luniciwt'VMh ,t't - - - . poor, men oi tne country cau uve iu
lieoplqinlAndUio aajneConse ease and comfort, educate their fam
tive leaders who;damornow togo back iie- d leave them a homo until th0
to the old m,;w5V0teu aojvn : ui
Constlfufiofi. -and justified, thcir.acuon
uponne,.;iiuthpri0of Judge Ruffin's
letter.Tlis was their only ground of
- opposiuitntoii? ior fM:te
tion th-.Vofed.for, and, adopted the
- tious ,3Ututional . scruples were
8trongw iith them .then -than love of
...,t." Axt Unnn ansl oiTo nr their I
i".UU!1.t',J1'.;i fc"T . ' 1
slaves, out imytcouia-inot givup
- words bMhe Constitution,7 and 'Jude
- Ruflin V exposition' lt6f It L' . ' V That; no
Convention or tnj peopieenaii nerau
ed by the t Genera Assembly
with tho coneurrenee , of . two-third.- cf
each House of the General Assembly
bo they, voted down tlie Constitution cf
WHAT IMPEACHMENT COST A RARE J
' AND EXPENSIVE BOOK. . ' j
i The, Books ' of the Auditor's . and
Treasurer's ; ofHces show 1 that the Im
peachment Trial cost the people of the
State the enormous sum of sixty-one
thousand five hundred and ' forty-eight
dollars and fifty-five." cents, illere: are
tHe items: ; ', , , , . . .
Ttree extra lawyers, 44 days. 3,000.00
Reporting, 1 man and staff 44 da vs," 4,375.00
Prmting and stitehintr, i 5,61.51
Paper, , . 2,840.40
ray or witnesses, : a.ooou
Pay of members. 170 at $5 per day, 37,400.00
Pay of clerks, door-keepers, Ac,, ; 2,404.09
FUel and lights $24.00, 44 cords ! ?
4 wood 9170.00, - f 200.00
: - ' ; . . , . ' . $01,548.53
Add, for a clerk and messenger f
mr nits i yi:r7t oow.w
Ahd we hare 161,898.55
Gov. Graham, Gov. Bragg arid Judge
Merrimon received at the rate of $22.72 J
per day each for their services to helj)
seven other leading Conservative law?
yers, appointed by the House, to pros
ecute Gov. Holden. Seventeen thou-
sahd eight hundred and thirty dollars
of; this money was wasted or riven
away to party la vorites. Three;thbu
anaorn to extra mgn-pncea lawyers
Whep others appointed by the
I A m a '" ' a . ... ... - -
nine hundred and
ninety dollars for making a book of the
prDceedings : and speeches in the case,'
which the people will never see," uhl
they buy it from the Conservative Pul
lie Printer. :
t w w
Is not this monstrous, in the p:
bankrupt condition of the State ? Villi
it !be tolerated In a party which
into power upon false promises of econr
omyv retrenchment and reform ?
. , The Conservative party is all-pow erful
in the State now. They can make the
laws they can control .the finances of
the State they can depose and turri
out every public officer in the State if
they choose, and they should, therefore.
justly be held accountable to the peopl
I for; their profligate and ruinous expen
i oiture. jn o wonaer tney naa to aimos
double the tax to meet the demands of
I their reckless extravagance.
If they paid, as w e have provedl
twelve thousand nine hundred and
ninety dollars for one single book how
much would they, make a Convention
cost: the people? Arguing from the;
foregoing established facts, not less than
TWO KINDS OF HOMESTEADS.
The Republican homestead is good
against all kinds of debts both old and
neic and it is sustained by the decision
of the present Supreme Court in the
case of Hill vs. Kessler.
-. The Democratic lawyers who are
looking to Judgeships under the Con-j
yention movement, say that a home;
stead is good only as to debts contract
cd since the adoption of the Constitui
tion. They denounced the decision of
the Supreme Court as partisan, and
" H , ... J . . - J
publicly rejoiced when Judge Brooks
made a decision sustaining their views
The Legislature in the first Convenj
tion bill, proposed to restrict the Con4
vention on . this subject, and declared,
that the decision of the Supreme Court
should form a part of the new ConstiJ
tution. In the present Convention bill
that provision is omitted, and xchy
rph e Democratic lawyers who lead th
pariy would not allow it to be inserted!
Many of them are interested largely iij
0id Court judgments, and some of theni
expect to be Judges, and they are pub
licly - commuted- against the Republi
can I homestead. To accomplish theif
purpose, they have made a Democratic
Executive Ctommittee ' composed of a
very ; large majority , of lawyers, an4
most of the candidates for Convention1
are lawyers. . The Convention will pro
vide that the Judges and . Magistrates
shall be, appointed for life by the pre?
cnt Lecrislature-aiid thus they will be
indrjendent: of the people. K The law
wln thus hav control of the State!;
ana tne power 01 uie oici siave arisio
wiU restored and secured. i
Tne Democratic homestead- will be
pU jn the Constitution, and the Judged
for life .wili decide that u ojuy excenas
new debts. , The poor men, without
officej position or credit, will have t
wort- for ' a homestead and pay their
old debts . an(inme out of ten will die
nannpnL nnrl Ipv itnvrnnt Ann nertni-
Ymr-i . 0 ' X : J
' r 111 . " . ' .. .'
. . . . : 1
Mld fe of . t V M
, , w. , - r r n x.nntU will
people! take?-'The matter wili be
deeided at the ballot-box in Augusi
It u almost a question gf Ufe or death
with thords of families who are now
te happy.v: rX I
' T!epUblican3, be true to your high
. nobIe charity to the poor f - lIom(.
stead men," be true- to your i country,
- - ... ' 1 -"--.
your families, ana your nomrai
A friend writing from Caldwell eoun,-
' As f Uie proposed "election for Oonveiv;
tion or no Convention, the peat body of the
peoj la loot upon the whole thlni; with sus
picion. Hxeept the . lawyer?, and villas
jx)litic2!i, wealthy. land-holders and monej
thj-locks, very few seem to be in favor cf
tiii measure. I believe the vote at the elec
tion will be a small one." - " . -
WITH . BY
'. 'J i"'
Under the old Constitution there we;
several thousand more ofiice-hoiders
than there are under the present " ;
'There were 90 County Court 'clerks
who received annually from the peo-,
pie on an average not less than $1,000
each7 and an annual extra allowanceof
lioo, making $99,000. v ,;.; V. 'I; -'
There were ninety county Solicitors',
who received at least $C00 in each of
the counties, where there were four
jury terms of the County Court, and
$100 extra annual allowance n all
$03,000. ; , . .
i.Under: the new system there are 12
Solic tors against 98 State and county
Solicitors under; the old (nstitntion.
These .1? Solicitors are paid by the State
$3) for a two weeks' Court twice a. year
"m eacheounty which costs to the State;
10 w ,.,
iruTT ' ' ' ! T 1
USELESS' OFFICERS UNDER
THE NEW. ) I . 'r.
ight SoUcitors, under the t''j--Mi!.!--
o oncw denceiAnd thebatterest partizamcan-
the circuits werefewer,(iurteWd Ixf
held in iiisfasrnavcouritiesastheyare
noV, and the cost would be the feameJ eept tha they. w the menanavsup
aA 4.f .nn nffw Snf porters of the; gdvemment,. the . fatrt
wiioioto 4 aaa ; moyviuii . it aw vjla
ninety county : soUcitors .who," cost nine
thousand dollars per annum more than
paid for the same service ! 4 "
There were six thousand or more magi
istirates appointed for life to carry out
pnds and nurnoses. and for noth-
eW- We have the authority of the
tor )f the Sentinel for saying, that
at 'one session alone more than 1200
new magistrates" were made, many of
whom, he declared, were '' perjurers,
forgers, and disreputable; inen.' 1
The increased 1 number of i Jud
which the convenience of tlie
deinanded, and which several
ors 1 recommended before the war,
aniounts to nothing. The' salary -wa?
fixed' at its present figure, before the
adaption of the present Constitution by Bragg, the' "whole.: Denocratie party,
the same ; party which now wants to and ! a largeVnumer t ft J.the, , leading
lower it because they are out. " . . Whig lawyers of the State, lias Mr.
Npt to speak of the saving in the ab-. . Yates, and his old party friends ho in
olition of four jury terms of the County terested motives for their feudden ahd
Court, the amount saved by abolishing
the offices of County Court J clerk
and county solicitor, is $18,000 per. an-
hum in the shape of extra allowances
aloher-3,000 more than the increased
expenditure Under the new Constitu-i
tion for five new Judges. , t
The habit of the Conservative party
is to make speeches and write about the
burdens of a Constitution which they
have never read. j .
V young and Inexperlencea youth of
tne name oi iioore, iromtne apprupo-
atelv named county of Craven, who. as
a Senator last winter, acting under oath,'
voted all the time against the conven
tion act, how comes out, and under cal
ico influence, orates in favor of the jsame
tn small snuads of the 44 outside, all the
fllmit" nnrtv-Ulfirlarin accordihff to
the Wilmington Journal, 44 thataparty
caucus whipped in the dissenting mem-
bere and compelled them 1 to I vote
against1 their convictions"-44, one o'f
whom he was which," we suppose So,
far as we know,! unless as to himself,
this assertion of Mr. Moore's, cannot be: KU BireuuoW,miuuuru,
sustained; and wenotice it now, only and wWch were adverted by. thesbest
to take the opportunity to reproduce legal tetpfthea- ? ;;;
the proof that the Convention act never ;We cannot accountfor this j'new. de
would have passed, if a reckless, daring, parture" on the. part of Mr. Yates and
revolutionary minority had not driven '
it through thei Legislature iri spite of
the caucus determination of their party
flip oontrarv: ; ; 4?
When the Convention bill was oitits
paslage in the Senate, (see repdriin
jjauy ltiegram, Apru x,j jxt. ifjyv,
Senator from Jackson, "hoped, wliat he
proposed to say would not be miscon
strued, t This bill now is j list the same
bill we have once paWdVhafi ik the
use or tins repetition j j. j pruit iu-
day against it, and I but utter the sen-j
timentsof an overwhelming majority
of the 1 Conservative caucus;'1, A'l few
party leaders now attempt to lash you
inT Are you . now - going ., to cowerito
them and turn r back; : allowing a' few
leaders to lash you into their, ylewi?
I learn from 1 promimeht Ymen of J this
State, thai it ciU not. be expedient to call
this Convention. I pose"
ty.1 Ahopdess minority is endeayormg I
to drive a major,ty., J caU upon .men
who have' given me their 'views irj pri-:
rate, to get up' here like men and Sen-
ators ana say, tnat mis acuor is lmpoi-i
tic,' unwise ana untimely, and uwess
they do so, I tell, you. that our party is
gone ttp; and this State will go for the
In statin? the fact that " an over
whelming majority of the Coiiservative
caucus11 had decided against this bill
as " impolUict
Mr L)ve said,
jvir. L)ve sam, inn ne was guY:
and guided mostly dn reference to his
actionby what vas said by thOgentle-
f that he was governed
man from Rowan, Mr. Robblns. i( 1 J
ddri't think . I will attend any more cau
cuses of this General Assembly, when
men go ana; pieage . one ining, come
UT TXr . Conserv-ativeicI
minority. Many In the House tell me iii j
bid I tdl vcu if wcroi;:to ctieL -lion fjrthecdu
we will be badly dtftlJt11
l . . - ft Til -.-i -
mmentlng upon the opinion ot the Hon.
F Moore, adds: : -.n.u,?' "
- y aaaa ouv-aj iucii aa ajiogga . i.uviijuvuy
-Moore, Grahdm and Vance ana Wilson say
that the .Convention -Act is constitutional,
we feel satisfied that it is so, and J care ' very
little of opinions to the contrary, esrjecially-
of those so-ealled Judges who are afraid or
being turned out of onice. , : , t, , ..
jVIr,- ,Yates characterizes, the J udges of
the Supreme Court as so-called. Judge
and intimates that- their ; opinions are
prompted by interested motives 1 ' It is
well understood that in the division of
the Convention spoils, four of ( his great
legal lights are to have judicial honors,
and why may they not be ; influenced
by interested motives. : The desire td
get into oflftce is as strong as theear of
questionof interest both parties are
about and let USi-hich side
best snsteined bv iient' and au-
thority. y' v' i T
' . tl . T , : ' - '
The Supreme Court Judges are gen-
tlemen of high' Character; ! and ' have in
i. Judges , J'earson and .i Reside, were
members of the' old Supreme Codrt and
were elevated td their present position
by the entire vote;. ,6f the ' Republican
and Democratic I parties. t1 TheyJ t are
1 .-. ...j : -.,... ,I.tl -
learnea ana incorrupuDie juages, : ana
M it posible that theirs fidelity to the
Vul""f f"1"-4 J51" lH ."
lem of the high character which they
lave won by a life' long: devotion, to
jthose principles upon which, all ;&6od
'government is founded ! ; L
The opinion of the Judges of the : Su
preme Court for which1 they ar6 noft
so bitterly assailed hy the Democracy,
is the ; opinion . which . until recently.
1 was j entertained by- Mr. ;Yates, Gov.
unaccountable change , of , opuuon t oni
j such a vital and fundamental question 2
What interested "motive had Judge
Ruffih for his, letter to ;the ' Wilmih-
ton Journal in 166 in opposition, k to
the Constitution, then submitted to tho
people., - That' Constitution 5 was 'isub;
Lsiantially the same as the ' bid Cdnsti-,
tution, and "Judge RuffinTs principal
objection vas .to the Iwiconstitutional
manner ; in which f the ' Convention,
vhicK framed it was called Judge
Ruffih iyas a greaf;iavyer, an ihepr:
eloquently expresses opiAidrfsnvhich are
- .. -..Ai vu . u -
the ssime as those how entertained by
the Judges of the Supreme "Court: . in
the present ' revolutionary' " Convention
movement. - ' 'i !' : ini : ;! 1
We Jiave certaihly : fallen .on
times, when., a cool . and temperate
man M"r.-Yates, so far forgets the
political . history of the ; past, and for
party purposes, unjustly assai Judges
for expressing opinions which; have so
frequently received legislative saiuy
tion, and which ho and ht4 pldjjpary
the bid Democrats, 4 upon f; ; other
ground, than their thirst fbr onTcMtf nd
power The Supreme, Court , ,now
tone of the great bulwarks of ;Constitui
surprised; that it s VhiMioantly . as:.
i pmeuf. uj. : Mu-uyt4it.pi trf. i vfrv
I seekers, and wild: audi xmscrupulous.
- S 9
' . 'TvLSeniiteix denfefj b.ur .! slat? wht.
that 4.4NI?fETV,NlXE IXLIiA.Rti DA'V"
was paid by tlie Conservatives to 44a re
porter 7 to vrite aown( wnat was saia
an done'in Uhe ImjhmenliTrial,
and attempts to explain how the money?
was paid, thus: Hut w ? n f".t -As?.-
The sum paid., whatever tho am6pnt,was
paid for a ataff of 'repvrters consisting for the"
greater portion of the time5 of fiye of stjc per-i
ons. -iTakingithe1 Organ's figures a cior4
reet, the pay dld not amount ,ta ; $20 pidrday.
perman-r-ana pr proiesaionai mfn vwow
uU. f oap of tUwwV
L - i rr iy'wonltfiaateTDy;
diem Jqr ,,hq swhoJpiexpense, of reportH
ing insteadiof $99ra "we statecb We
'fttick toohr a?seTtlonthat aHl renofter"
wxrKrxnefxmiraci; i-Yi iWfwe
.. . -n " f . - ! -
the proceeds i im 'ea.anii ex
penditure doesn't matter, jrine expense
to the tax payers of the State tcas $99
just what we stitexl $4,373. and
the doe9 qot Jny-ii Xnd for
... - . (DUrDOae2 ti rrhatlan expend
. .... .f ormWh
Tfhfprs favorites.i .Such, is the
ea of economy; Thou
irtys I feets-nol ht"
cation or for public improve-
Mr.! rYatesv of the Charlotte Democritt in
mcnt3 f:r the people.: ; ; ; 1
republishing mutilated and garble! ex-
utttis num. uie noicru. iuuicj w
4iovv xne liieonsisiency oi i iue txisiiiuu
of leading Repiiblicahs Iheh "ahd now.
That address does not advocate or sug-
gest in any part oi it. a t uorxvenuon
upon the plan proposed
There" was a necessity; for a Cou.venbon
then V ther is honVnow. Why ?f e-
caus the preseht Constitution hs made'
all the reforms Jni the Constitutioh. of
1835 which the signers of the Western
Address demanded- They denounced
the latter instrument as odious and
anti-republican, and tasked, for 'it io be
tnorougniy cnangeu. xi iias uwu inor-
oughly changed by the Constitution of
1808.' What more,' therefore, 3d6 the
people want? 'V;',. j tvVj'i: " u ' '
:XTliisvAddress asked for V . j ' !
1 11 '..Equal representatiqu . accorxling to
population , and not according to wealth,
and' taxes. TJieZCoMiutloii i$68.
ordains it. . - ,.- v, -rv,
il2. -The ad yalorem;jtax.
tutlon vf 1868 ordaiiis iU ;
tow o 1868 ordalnsritt
,5 jOonstUuilmiof 1868 orttow;
" 5. Abolition of property qualifications
fbr office. The Constitution of 1868 or-
V'O. The establishnieut of the office of
Lieutenant GoVernOf." ' The Const im
tipn 01868 ordains -ifl !
7. The election of
I the Sta
cutive officers by the people.
siUulionof 168 ordains tit: : ' t
f 8. The election of Judges by the peo
ple. ;;'t TheComtUution jo lordplns itx
r 9. ! The . election of Justices , of i the
Peace by the people,
oj 1868 ordaifis it -;
. Every practical : and usefui -1 reform
advocated twenty yearsago by thegen
tlemeil who signed the Western Ad
dress may be found in .the Constitution
ptlS68-very single om. AVhat matters
its how they got there,1 so they ark there,
the fundamental law of the: land and
why do Conservative papers omit to
publish that part of the address J which
shows that it insisted on these changes?
Wliy, but to deceive the people..
j. The Sentinel calls us an "old fire
eater. So he called Gov. Bragg, Mr.
Bledsoe, Gov. Ellisj Col. Fisher, Bur
ton Craigj Mr. Dortch,! Judgei Biggs
and many other good: men in the State,
before the war and throughout tie tear.
This was the Jchosenj epithet ufeed by
Mr. Turner j when he j ran as I Governor
Holders candidate fot the- Confederate
Congress in 1863, against f Bal4y1' Ar
lington. Gov. Holden and Mr. Tur
ner in close amity and Union then, de-
and did all' they could' to" overthrow
the Confederate "cause. Gov. Hodden
adhered to his principles' after the war
closed and ' went with the I Republican
'party.. Mi Turner aniihis clique having
failed in their effort to get; special: fa
jVors from President Johnsoh, sol as to
oppress and disfranchise1 1 the "d fire
eaters.' and secessionists, such men .as
we have iiamed ab0Y organized i a
new rebellion against the Government,"
and have been carrying it on ever
since. '' Strange, the men who ; in 1863;
were denounced by the true and! faith
ful Confederates Of that day, as Buffa-
lbes or Tories; who were 1 all the ! time
jrt sympathy and 6fteh in lrrespond
ehce with the U: S. j authoritiep; r .are"
now the leaders of an organization hos
tile td the 1 Government, 4 and seeking
its overthrow. ' lliis double dealing
anil unfaithful set1 never rebelled -trntu
the rebellion urn over.l They toojc' care
hot to fight while there was any ?flght
gpngi env-but as soon s&i It'hvasj -overr
and thev rot nhiio of tthe Spoils1 f Vic!
o - - ' i
tory, bumiher like.they- turned against1
the U S government! from which -they
. , . . .. .. A . :Li.i .
expectea sucn unngs, anu assuming
themselves to be the flower of Southern
chivalry," pretend now to. j lament the
44f6st cause" which they aid all ' in
t)ieir.' power, to i overthrow. f Whew 1
Take away the stinklk mUi , r: l f
$5o PER..PA.Y FOR 'PROFESSIONALS MEN,
. 1 5P CTSi ORiTHB LAJBORER4."
r The Senlim speakSjOf, thiif , spm,
paid per dienj-to, each pf .the
reporterip cJmpeuihmentj Tria.V
fna wfty as toleaveus M
professional; ?pan. -LU t j ,i u ; , n it ? i .)
"If thisl'iathelrate) ofc compeiteatioa
vfor professiontmen'r.of the; Conseiva-.
tivei party; ihciw much is ifcVJikelya
r-: :H -VsJ
m it. t;. m A
Cohventon ofthat partyj s"with.alt its! calculated; if not intended to-deceive
'menbera of tlie legal profession and ."athe peepleij-"nie Coni
staff of ireporters" as numerous . as the
military household ofihe Junperor . of
Germany, . will , ost j , the peopleVi Of
course the gas of . the Convention will
have ta be bottled and; preserved t and
tha.t can .only be done j by .short hand
reportersi at from $20 to ninety-nine &ol-t
lari a day. i .You one armed or wooden
Iciitredi Federal or Confederate i soldier.
t fallowing your plow and a sorry oii over
stcay, stumpy groundvrJr less than 50 cts
a day, wliat do5 you think of tlilsv "all
talent" 'party which ' j pardUzes'tir
homestead,' and fixes ; tho 'f'dailjs-,90m'-pchsatibn
of "professional' men at
TWENTY DOLT.Ar.F5. . ' J
Xt -icetrfy f ico. dollar per , day, - was, the.
extra allowance puiu .iu eucn ui ui,e.y:
tra lawyers in ,the Holden Trial, . We
are a failure as an orator according:; to
the Sentinel and Citizen, and .since, our
complete rout f..ana, qyoruiij.m uie
mountains ientiyYbyryoni Joha
stoh of Biincom De , d . : jlr. , W. . W.
Flenig' 'jtizedntinell we
are afraiilfo speak : in public ph tlie stage.
'With beVximing modesty therefore
through this obscure paper, with an
humble and a contrite heart, sensible of
spirit by the recollection ' of' an ' over-
lowed and utterly 'chnfouhllea J6y those
emmeut uuu vugusi suntrsixicu .474114
mg of MpDowel and Johnston of Bun
the extremest "confines j bfTiirkeyf Cove
and Sahdy Mush, we beg to ask',s what
about thai twenty (ico dollars a day each.
to tnree extra lawyers w proswui.jroy-,
daysworkf 'l What aoout that twelve
thoiisaha n hie hundred dollars paid a re
porter and printer for k worthless and
unnecessary booK. We are no . orator.
W rf a dI ain man : ' hut facts' appeal
to us and to the peoplej6ftehtiih(e,niore
eloquentlthdn even the1 clissicr and
polished rhetoric 'of" thestibllnie ;and
handsome Johnson, brj the resounding'
declamation of the fragile, fierce, fiery,
furious Fleming. ; '''' ' "' " '
; So we again state these eloquent facts
in Conservative eronomics-13000 for
three4 xtra laivyers'fd foriy-fouT'is
twenty'-twon dollars' per diem eacn ;
112.900 for a book to print their speeches
In, for them arid their j fr iendsto" read'.
' What about it Messrs Johnson,Flem
ing, Citizen and fle,uperhaps the
Rev. Sutherland will answer for y0u,as
he i is the j. grand" interlocutor Of the
"OUTSIDE" ALL THE "TALENT
PARTYL ii j I '
Seven of he ablest Conservative law-
vera in. the Jiouae were seiectea last
Session. ,i to u prosecute . Gov.Holden.
They, represented . the eltfe of the Con
servative party, and according to Con?
servative cant, were alii of, the best
men" And all theibeat.ttalentin the
State. .Yet they caved in, and confessed
their incompetency, before the trial her.
gun,, and admitted i by their , conduct
thatj m : old County. Court!? .was the
bnlyv tribunal before, which .they had
caijaciTy to practice. Hence their aeal
to re-establish those Courts.
J . . 1 .
x ne seven
elected, .cliosen, tried and, . sworn inca
pables.of the. Houses broke down, and
had to employ. Govi Grahamy Gov.
Bragg, and Judge Merrimon, at a.very
heavyi expense, to ithcj people; , to.eon
d'uet tJUe trial ;and, :a we have heard,;
to draw the articles ofr impeachment
not being able.tp do so simple a.thing
themselves t, i ,; ir: i -tV!.-'. ..." ; v
The number of -Matvyers" appearing
fpr the Conservative party oii thai trial
has neverVbeeii equalled' in tlie State.
Even Swepson; only had severt oreight
Conservative lawyers' td defend him,
when he was arretted by 3oV. Caldwell
for stealing seven millions oAxwids.
Xet " all the tMehtTsttay J" oibidef",'
if it cannot ! conduct 1 a 8 rcfeeclitiori for'
an assault and ba
ThV. Ttfnw Vnrk World, the inspiration
and leading spirit.in.the iine-w-deiiart-
ure," in a fit of fo?ce4 candpr,shpws its
hand. With fair words and fane phra
ses it has soiighfto delude the unthink-
ing into the belief that? the Democratic
party, in abandoning its opposition: to
the thirteenth,,., ourteemn,. anu, .ni?
teenth amendments, had accepted them
and their JogieaTiuhc
soj howevertr,rit gtiu reruses- to.aiue
by the laws' Sf Congress fdr the Vprbtfec-.
lion of each and r eyery citizen .in i the,
rights guaranteed him by thefourteehth
bill, as it is called,' -was ' framed : nd
,tacceptance', oraiUefiteehoV in the
legitinTcate 4rej5uits "C te.j7yFij 'tvft Boptj
recognizing the-validity of thesejuhend
jyemocry reta to )hxxa ..untii.it
doeseohcede the power of the Gerierul'
uovejrnmeni.rqprQwci. .ipz ,jaizwi9w,
spn?, t every States of the Unioni i t Ah the same
patriotism ofthef couhtrymust-nnitei
imIIt issaid weluivehad foiir'CoiiVfci'
tiouWiH 1 thXiyeJ'caiie
contained no; provision .iqr , its amena-
ment,n therefore the dnlj-' vaya Con
ntipivcould ile)wbl(A7-.to amend
itv was in ; the way proposed in .1?"5.
f But ihMendihg that old Coijstituticn
tlicn in many other important particu-
nient were provided for, and were aai :i
in ;the! Constitution of 1803,
modes ,ara ti crefcre cx-
l tdaltcr, the Con-
. t t, V
other" vray t .in one cf
. rproviwcd'; Ly: it, ha.?,
crre; by tliej hl-Ticst ' j u .llcial zvi-
.crity of the State, 1. ::i j:rcr.c:::.. ,
irregular and revolutionary
now. proposeo1 iTne' vonservaxiverpur;
ty istafeihnt 'MflgnvQumji'
S SWAMP LANDS.. ' .
i If Sometime last winter the Greensboro'
Republicut, published, the 'following,
I which is in point now : . - 1
j T"The:Boartl jof PMunUioh about a year
ago, contracted with.certiiin parties for tlie
sale of the SVunip linds in If yile and Car-'
teret for .-$54l,0'M),-the "rst payment lcln
due' iri Octoler, 1K7. "At once 4ho Conser ':
vative party was in h flame of Indignation.
It was a-tfeerted that Pilsrrim Ashley and the
Republican Board of Education had swin
dletl the JHtate ont of all but incalculable
thousands bv thU' infamous job.- The sta
tisticians of the partv made out, by tigures4;
that could not lie, that these lands were
wortJrfArpe orf our million of dollar. - '
t Tins tJ$euUnel asserted that the company,
which bought the lands had, before the pur
chaseBold a small portion of them for $90,
000. It was a swindle unheard! of in im
maculate North Carolina I
Mark nowhe sequel. October came and
the purchasers were wwhle to pay the first
installment of about $t,P00, and by tlie terms
of the sale the contract became void, and
guperintendant Ashley reported that the
State could atill rejoice in . the possession
of the three hundred thousand ' acres more
or less of unclaimed, untaxable, unprotitar
ble, wild waste of swamp, over which the
moor 'fowl wings his way uuscarotl, and'
through whose jungles the serpent and tho
bear make leisurely their way. Hut the
Conservative party, . wouldn't t rejoice V '
When it was sold they were mad, and when ,
they found it was not sold, presto, they were
madder: etilM At once Graham, the elder .
son of his daddy, went for' the delinquent
purchasers, lie introduced a' resolution
directing the Board of Education to enforco
the violated contract at all hazards. , Sena
tor Warren, and all others whd know tho!
lands, declared that they wtere not worth
50,000;'ahd that the State would never get
another offer for that amount. land that the
contract should by all means be enforced.
Some of the Senators had the sense to see.
how the thing looked, and declared- that
they.ould not, go back on themselves. .
Havinsr vowed on the stump that the lands
were" worth inilllons they would stick to it. .
Having sworu. that uie norso was sixteen . ,
feet high they would not fall an inch. So Uie
resolution oi jonn, me sonoi auig niiam
the first, did not at that time prevail." ; ' .
As everybody knows, tho Conserva
tive Jjegislature subsequent to the pul-.
lication of this article, ratified the sale
of these lands for $50,000, and thus cort- !
futed all their allegations in the cam-
paign of 1870 that the sale originally
made by Republicans was a swindle.
fThiat there was no necessity for
. i ' : .r.. : j.
ing extra lawyers' $3,000 of the people's
-hloney; to prosecute Gov, Holden is ap- .
pareht enough.'. Mr. Cohigland, one of
Gov. 1 ttoldehV Counsel, but a strong.
Conservative, in his speech in the Im
peachment trial, said of this matter. -
' rrVial4iiicuhf rtrkrf.HAnfAtS vOHHAlprtMl MPV- . .
en of their most distinguished members to
conduct this impeachment, and fully com
petent to do so, gentlemen of such learning
and experience that they may literally le " r
termod the 'aeven wise men'r of that JJody. ' 4
But we fipd united with them three learned
members of the bar who have occupied the f
highest positions within the rift of tho v
state, the very weignt 01 wnoso vuunes car
ties with it great influence. Why is such
a course resorted to. so unprecedented 'that
tow, if any, examples or the sort, can ue
found in the, history of impe&chment . iu "
England or America. ' Are the j offences of
the respondent so unheard of, are his crimes .
so black; that all avenues of escape must be
closed on him? Or are you and his judges.
o prejudiced in his favor,' that you must
be coaxed, flattered, and wooed and won
into meting ont to him simple justice T Or
does it arise from a flxed .purpose, to ruin. J
and deghule an obnoxious political oppo-
hentT' 'I 'ask the honorable I managers, (
elected as they were to conduct the trial of . ,
this impeachment, and so fully competent ' :
to do sb, why they liave united with them- "
selves-three ooimseL among the most distin- - f ,
guishcnlof tlie "fjrortU Carolina bar. to aid v
in the prosecution' of tlie "respondent? I ' '
beg permission to tell them that the lody 1
they represent should not, contend tor vie- j
tory hi this caso--that it is as much their
duty, as it is the duty of the respondent's ;
counsel, to see that lie shall have a fai r and t f .
impartial trial, and that in retaining asi
ciatesa ieourse, at ieast- so unusual they !
leave Jibe impression upon the pa blic iniuu, , -of
an. over-zealous purpose, .to secure his
f4ivicfion.f:r i -: '..p"'-..- : '
'-:yrtitit!- . '. j-M, '., - "
'' ? 'tj'.i SHOWING" THEIR TEETH. i.
1 ' f ;r t'.. ", ;;'..,
j At the recent Conservative, .Cpnvcii-
.tipn." whfch homiiuitei !; lion. ' Johii. ; V
Kerr,1 as a.can(titlate for pihy,entin in -
Caswell county, we nhd'; the following-.
in their proceedings,: v" u ; , . . - f
f'MrVllodnett tlieiDiitroihu'tHi s)ine rs-".' . ...
plutions which he retains,-in.Htrucllng our "
delegates to urge the 4 ncorpo ration of tlie : 1
homestead lawln the new coiiKtitution ih ' .
it Js now in our present constitution, anil ' ,
aiao a'pfonibition upon the Hupreme Court ;
Jytdgealreom declaring it tiiicQnstitutiona;i . ' - -in
au time to come. - . . 1.
, The resolutions were voxkp iiown, not
becanfeeof thenometihd proVision, mIiW-Ii ' ' ,
th delegates wllLsnbport,' butou niount -
of the cJne rt'wRv attempting to fi tv.
theju!a'4 (hirjttiicialfuitetioi.'y, .
So Jt Kims the Conservatives are .
against "fettering" anybody who may .
wish,; ! to .flestroy j the homestead. If ;
they, can't .ffetter'?. the Judgeshow . v 1
,vill ,they preserve the homesad,? - . , I
,uiA .1. -jjii l, J !. t-a, V;.t. .-'V 1. 1.
rjjWHAT VALlAnDIOHAM MEblTATED. f-. -
iilC' ..iiiiri- W, ,'l!'i' n -'; .
! 'Tlie, following i4 an. extract from cor-
respondeaceiQf. the Cincinnati Gazelle : -
v Ll Had a talk with oiie 6f rrVallan-
digham'si near" relatives,- to whom he
often "spoke freely.5 lie said ' his new .
departrrreidoitwatuioeaNoId, nr. l.v
had jbeen'thoroughly fctudltxl. 1 lUy . . ' j
Hers were voluminbus. irlle.'had writ- !', i
ten a complete autobfography. One of1
his favoritp. hopes was to make a UIi of : . I
July oration at.lhe centennial annivrr- :
sary in-lHiu, ana no e)ininercc
(ireparation ofiti 1. He 1 loved t!:e
s'ouir theory in jioIHLcs, but t'.'-.'
diexl iWith t!:o echrxs'cf the 1.. t ;
Apponiatl5x'Cou-:t!:o'j.so. . JlIe--
negro sulTra;-o ke; t cut of pr!':
was on;us. SiJxt t
1 v . .
f If well, why wt l!
pia remedy it. j lioi;::::vr
v.crc rc-Jy for a rev t 1
el:: p. . L'ho new ! . 1 :iri.:-: "
.1 1 rc
' :h time t';e j
1 4 !
d 1 .u ty i: