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' I- : f.r'iil-- .".'-r'M'- ;:r!;.v; .V:,...iU:;-4--i:-;i-.:- -';-.:'- '-i '.' . :'- ; '
. f u
-..iT. ..- f '
W are .JKrMintf, diri ry-li.g; 1 - ' f
Cuuvll i'l,,f gotland m.
ScaUcrol 'n Uit lowiittm, ... .. jv, . .
; VXcti'it the u jiulv hill , , i . , , .
So that rfnkliiTu-h hnmrffnWm,
S.Jt itl 1 1 invn grat-iou ral k f 4 -
riinil i tim im mum Uk wihit,"
, )fthelry imvirHiKtWo
N-ed that fall amid the stillness .
f the lowlv mountain glen '
Seed t out in crwwdod places; ?
Trodden under foot of-uin .
S.-d- liv idle lioarts forgytten,.. f I -,
Flung at randoiq on the air, . . ,
Seeds fcrv faithful sour fehieinlterctl,
Siwn'iH tear, ami lvo unci prayer,
Std that lie uii-haivgcd, unquiekcucd,
I.ifch n rhe,ufVgpftWHW;n
Seed that live aiid grow and tiourMi
. When the sowem hand U cold, . j .
IJv u whbtwr tow we blending, ' '
"It v a Ircttth kc waiter utrilc, . ..
In our word aiid looks and actions t
. Lie the Abf iff death arid lifV. '
Thou "vh knowest all our weakness,
I-avo -n nA tut mow ahHM ?
- m a . a . ..'
IIJ.l lhlm ans-vl i: guaru wk.- iurnwK, f ,
When the nnvWMW grain I
Till tin field are crowned with glory J . ... j
Filled vitli mellow ncutu carnr- t j
: Killed W illi frtut of lire. eternal
Kr.'iii th mv!.- vie vcd in tear.
Clfcvk tle forward thought mtd prtssioiis.
StilV the hanty, heed lent hand,
the gcrni.VoCsiii and Morrow
Mar our fair and plcaaant lauds.
Father Im Ii eiwh weak eiwleavor.
: .Make etU'U luuinui euvn mi t, ;j
nilTldne !iarvet aliall lie jramefeil,
' And we enter Into re?t.
, t - t
; Thq Uw an'(j tfe Testimony.,
1 TlitUVitltutltioiHif No-th Ctirollna
i xpnly tUvUtrt-s that Xj 'CXX VKX
TKAX,t)F..TIIK IW)ltK WIALL
J1K I'ALLKl) HY TUK AKM:itAT
ASSKMJUX UNIJ-SK 1JV THE
;iKixc:uniiKXCK of twihrus
IIOUHK OF TIIK
manner not authorized by the Consti
ttrllotw - ;'"v '
Jurtiee Reule, fort he rea-on stattd
by him when the opinion of the Jus
tice was requested try the General A
fienibi v i H rejnVl o; the tenure of of-
nw.'JiWHiM'i k "Jive ail uiniinui.
. Un(ntfte wriinU ltrttfoii in 'rei
to To6rIutK'iir6vhtt N-ou la?lieve
act to be tnK-oiwtitUtlonal, the Justices
do not feel lit 1 1 berty to ' offer an om n-
iotv. - '. "";
Very restjectfully. Ac,
!' - ILM; PEARSOX, "
CV JuxtM. Stqrreme Court..
From the Old North SUte.
CU1KFJU3TICE RUPFIN ON THE MODE OF
CALLING A CONVENTION
" JUDCiE GASTON AND CONVENTION
l'xu tlu'uetion of ninerdhir4he
fon-titutiou in the Coiiv.iiiUon oMSflft
. Ju.le 0a4ou sil:
"Tliis wis one of tlu ' juot.Iiiipor
taut itMtions tluit Lid. 'oiie 'la-fon
;th tVHv'lHu; for,. viiatvr .Axue
tifs vv iiKiy have- 'proiuiAil ;nJtvfTi
from 4Mir,laiKrs in th lxkly,-lii ;.ia
the foundation of our nynstflution pn
(juitaniaiui rair print-roie, ii, u iv uu
! it m" the power of Ar fajisbitU-fi'&Jof-tti
ii-ft tluni all, tlu.-n imlmi
.li:ivfwtoil4tl in vain. lle;;ws not
only ui i'ri-e!, hut till! ;with uitrfuj
sipjirt-iu iir-ifHi. It rtnfKnirh ; if1 rJu
iMHfOva Kf'i'-X rashly frruu one
. tivuV to , ttuother. lUt-aa'-e; difficulty
lias Ufii tjqrienexil in uilliuu a C'on
wutiou ioanu'nd our Conxtitutioii, we
an-detoriolwd to have iV&'tpetimlh
' mufjiitf ttiitfifufi(Mf. What is th
; lro;dtioii 'rivoniniondM in they Re
Kirf.' That two stuiilino; KeKi?la
tures, lv a tttjtfifv of vjt)tes,
may MtW artf fkAif'tlwd iAin6nd'
iueut.U'hit h iinty !i'iUited byj this
'Convention, or any iirincipUsiit the
; liill of Jtight.-?, CTinsvratel,for;heH'-
e'uriiy oi our nes mmn uitti
erty. What nnuni i jriven for, thix
iina-'-'UnK 'Putt a majority might' to
ii'Hrnn. It us not lx cletvived by gtn
. erahties. . in w liat h'HK' owAf major
Av to rAm'V? That the deliberate
will of the 'lreople oii":ht ultinmtcy to
ii.t vaii. no one win ionv: out inui
Under date of July tle 2d, I860, the
j late Chief Justice Ruffln-wrotea long
letter to a member of tluit body," dis
cussing the'X)i:er- of the . tVnvention
of 18C. We present below all of that
part of hw letter in relation to the man
ner in which a Convention of the peo
ple must be called1 under the Constitu
tion of thLi State. It is clear, unequiv-ia.-al
and. to the iaint. The eminent
Chief Justice had. no doul)t whatever
about the revolutionary cliaracter of a
Convent ion called after the manner in
which the prexent is attempted to be
railed. This will lie almost universally
admitted to be the very Idghest author
ity that can be .cited on either side in
the pending contest, .and will, we be
lieve, have more " weight .than 'any
t. AVe, liave italicLjexl certain portions of
the letter bearing .more closely on the
.qupNtion nov under dHcussion r
You Mill perceive, tlrat.I have hith
erto discussed this subject; - as ' deiwial
ing on .the original and ttural rights ,
of otlr ix"ir)iIc: 'unaffwtedby any pro-
a ' ! - T a a r
vLion or pur pTtf-existingconstituu
ana,-even OTi tAat oasis, I tieny tne au
tliority of youKQirtvention to make or
Xn)poseu uevv", or modified form of gov-,
ejimiwrfhr w. Rut the clause in our
O0tit0tion touching its amendment,
Air thi; i-idl for a Convention for that
purpose, is clear and so precise
against any such Convent ion as we have
had, .as to int tlie jmint leyond doubt
or argtmjent, as it seems to me: Two
lodesof amendingthe Constitution art
provulel : One through the agency of
jie iiebxlAsscuibl, projKisIng an
amentlnirtit 7for mtitication by a vote
of tht peopie which ;ii,td not be cou-
,iderel lien ; the other, by a Conven
tion called' In a ma fin r prescribetl in
.the Constitfltioii, which , is the matter
now for ronslneratiou. Jt is obetotut
fi(f, in prf wrifjiuf tltfxe v tiro, alt other
thtji to tlat no man can Ik, so e'trava
rant as to desire. i
"Jf nothluirmore .is . neeletl for. the
iunxis4 of overiiiuent than this brit
maxim, let the iimjoritygoverii'. wind
Ueomes of all. our; clnvks- on majori
t u. hv have two liranclies In our
I-gislature? Why judichtl establish
mentsT Wliv trial ..by luryr ! II we
adopt this unfettered-principle, why
;iiiv in ijie. t"uii'U!inue:nu . , , j, ,
UIe would rather live under the
most despotic government" on earthy
than umler itn unlimited ' government
ofnumlers. lie might escape the ob
t ice of one Tyrant, but there could be
no escujie ; from" t mtitlfMde of Ty
nlnts,!, i ' .;;: ' . ; i
On ii sulfcseuueait .. dayT ilr. Oaston
of i niveu.-' tliouirht.itha -tne "Henwe
jof the Convention had teen sp
distinctly ascertained, the other day
when theuettlrn was tHscnsied; that
no further obstacle could be thrown in
the way of carrying out the principles
iin'etlon. " ; 4 ' ' . "
Hut wTjrare now niet by the ikipulaf
cry, that we are aIout to limit tne pow
rnf thrjfople.lt was not the people
but the creuture of the iplethat be
amendment ; projipsytj .. to t limit. , .The
;t-)urse jniiKsed was , not, an. unusual
one. Tt .vas rcoognizetl in tliree' Con
stitutions which he. had picked up on
the spur of the ; moment, .viz: istnith
Caniliiin,' Alabama and the United
-.states. .Jt.it to iotpaxe a- checfc -on the
Jjetitlature, that it may not - arail; itself
, fif an aerirlental ituijorift to disturb the
r-poc of the people byfreauently calling,
them ioftflet tit-- ChmTrtfioa. ' 1 We arel
calleil on by eTry cohsideration, not
to Kinctioirthe'primIpkV 'that a. bare
majority may 'iwthorize a (jlticetitiotii If
we no, i snau ia rxaj.n toeomiiiuai.
fluctuation,', The people, have, it is
true, the sacred i right of Revolution,
they iM)sts the power of rising in their
might luid upturning the fyiKiameutai
print iple. of,-, government ; but they
a m lot do it, unless the emergency is
great. Mr. H w mcJuded "by Ktj'ing 5 If
the right jul" a JtHUt,, .ttuijority to cull a
'. (nrrifiauJi cr& rcvtghizcd in the Con
1 st itutiou he: would not give one, tig for
all the matters,' which the 'Cii vent ion
had leen engaged In adjusting, since it
'assembled.. Instead of any pv'rmahent
ngr i bit ions, everything woo Id ' be set
afloat and wp should have" a -n' Cou
st itution every two or three years.; .
;noi rex. are. cxcliidM "bti '. Tr sexist idle Lifer
; -'In rtsi'fvt .'.to a Convention, the
words are, ' Xt) Convention of the
jK'iipM V'lrall in? . called ,'by .'.the Cjenviiil
Aseni1iJ'uiiiljss by- the.'oai:um'ii(ie. of
twti-thrn.r?or hll.tthe. iueuiters i of wu-h
MIonse tu Jhe;ji;eneraI Asmbly" In
thority of .-the organized government is
retpilretr to Iriitiiitera'n altenltion of the
irovertiment, which was ho tloubt, iipju
he sotiud 'priueiMe . laid ' down' in the
Rhode1 Jsland," ease, in order to avoid
popuhtreOmuiotions, revolutions, and
uncertainty as to what is the Constitu
tion. If, then, the two modes designa
ted are the only onesby which the Cons
titution cari Ik alteretl, it SA-lear that'
this( last so-called Convention was
not 'a Lbnstilalidnat " Concent ion t and
therefore its acts are void. '
Yielding then,' that Mr. Johnson's
and Mr. Holderi's "Convention might,
by popular acquiescence, adopt tor us
lanueu iy tnem, yet
( onventiou of
ever,' dilate further on this topic as the
grounds and authoflties oui which the
doctrine depends are, 'according to my,
recollections, set forth in the argument
and opinion given by the Supreme
Court In ' Dorr's case. ' 'Then, If the
people:of a State cannot, by their own
direct yote,- abrogate or niake a Con
stitution, without j the 'previous sanc
tion of authority in . power under the
existing government, asin Dorrls case,1
much less can theyjdo it, trAen the Cbi
stitution then subsisting especially prot
rides two other modes for effecting these
purposes and excludes all beside, ich ich
is our dose. - " .: ,' :. , . I
, We arrive then, at these results : that
the Convention was not constitutional ;
it had no powers and could not make a
Constitution; that for the same reason
the people have no powers, and that as
neither the Convention nor the people
had any power in the premises, by con
sequence,: both together are equally des
titutute of the requisite power. The
Convention teas an authorized body, and
therefore no more than a voluntary col
lection of so 'many, men a ' caucus re
commending to the people to adopt by
their vote a certain instrument as our
Constitution, a thing which the peo
ple, under our Constitution, are, not
competent to do on that recommen
dation, and therefore, the conjoint
resolution and votes of the two bod
ies have no more ettect than , that
of? either by itself. I conclude I it
is no Constitution, and cannot be made
one by) what has been done, or. can lie
done now. .i j
r What, then, does it bahoove the peo
ple to do ? They ought, it seems to me,
promptly and decisively to reject tlie
whole project. If it be suggested, that
in our experience all conventions since
those of '76. which formed our original
Constitution, have j regularly made
tnem worse and worse, ana therefore,
we had better take j this than run fur
ther risks, and especially that, at least,
those who approve! of the alterations
shall give their suftrage for adoption.
I reply, no ! The great principle of po
tion : T litcul and civil uoerty, tliat a people
may, anitouyrii at vhukv u ctw utu ttrt
anil Gocertiment for themselves ; that in
6 doin they ought to be careful to pro
cekd in the regular awl peaceful method
ichich is prescribed, instead of an unau
fhorizefl, irregular j ami uxurped mode
from ichich uncertainty as to the validity
of their doings, and consequent commo
tiwis arise, : furnish the xtrongesfreaxons
iehy every man should give his voice
atft lust the instrument note proposed, imd
trait . for the action of the lsegixluture,
the proposing of amendments to the peo
ple, on the duty calling of a Concent ion
ichich irould have legitimate power to
adopt 'them. , !
' Let me here adduce a case which jl
ought to have added to the etticiency
of the popular, vote per se. I adduce
it,!because it is clear to the apprehen
sioiis of every one, and exhibits in g
strong light the correctness of the ar-
i . - . . -- L n
points 'which affect our internal organi
ysition as a distinct Republican State;
for exajnpICjthe basis of representation,
the qualifications of the Representa
tives, and of voters ; the numlier.' and
Jurtsdiction of Courts; the appointment
of th Judges' ''thereof; the tenure of
their oflfce, and that of tlie executive,
or the llke '2?o disquisition m render
these hoinfx ctettrer ' thwi the short and
simple paragraph of the Constitution it
self. The conclusion can only be evad
ed by establishing as the truth, that the
ciausc" Of the Constitutipii teas no longer
fit force, and that tositfon cannot- be
true, unless it be Isd admitted, tlrat no
other part of it was in fbrce;or, in other
wonts, tnat by virtue or tne war ana
its results,' Ave "were a ieopIe without
Constitution or law of any sort. It
necessarily conies to that, and -that
never ought to be. and never can be,'
yielded. Perhaps it would be sufficient
for our present purposes, to say, that,
even your Convention does not assert
such a doctrine," but plainly proceeds
u point t-ontRuy one, by professing to
11U V. J . . . V. f I1U4
ulsistiiig.,andot to make ono abori
gine, and by designating the old laws
still lit force as contra-aistinguisneti
from those passed by Iegislatures sit
ting under the auspice of secession.
rmdrorl. It fi'lmnrvidhlp. tinder nnv jis-
Dect of any law. as ' nnderstood among
civilized nations and in modern times,
that a whole people can Ikj treated or
considered as being , without any law
or ministers of the law, even by con
querors. The security, and tlie obliga
tion of contracts Mill , subsist. Can it, .
for instance, be supposed for a moment,
that ujton the .death of a proprietor,
there is no rule of suoeession to his real
and M?rsonal estates, and tluit the first
occupant may appropriate: themi or
that no. body can! On the. contrary, I
say, that the laws') of Xorth Carolina
were still her.laws, including; her fun
damental law, aiid if so, it is then to be
dcilucetl, that there could be no Conven
tion to abrogate, or to alter that laic, un
less calleit ami chosen fri the maimer pre-
guhient against the popular powe.ra
mOn .'majority over the Constitution
of a nation. . The case to which I al
luded; is tlutt of the government of the
dUted States. The Constitution there
spfilies; the modes); of amendment;
mole.t intended to protect minorities
against superior numbers. Xow, sup
pojie, upon this assumption, that the
jeple may do as to them listeth, and
that the majority of the -people are
TiCE i,koi,t,k, an "attempt were made
to alter the Federal Constitution of the
.Uiiitejl States what sort of a Consti
tution should we have who could en
dure it, especially at the South who
would eudure it and hold it to be a
Constitution? So it is under tlie pro
visions of our State Constitution. Then
let jouV people with one voice reject it.
That! will quiet everything and we
may begin anew, in a lawful way ito
make the Constitution what we wish
if. I Rut, if approved by the people
Xorth Carolina under the and .proclaimed by t ie Governor, all
Constitution, and could not, therefore, I he questions upon the validity of the
Ulter that instrument in any of these instrument and the powers of the Con-
veiiiitni arise uesiious uueviinj? ine
riglit to all the old and the new offices,
aim the objection of the so-called Con-
stitjutiou no bounds can le set to the
disouietude incident to them, nor to
th embarrassments of the Judiciary.
Voni' rVSrkii1 -V-ii
STATE X)F XORTU .CAROLINA',
n. t -v Supri3e Court,-
Raleigh, Feb. 11th, 1871.
7b Jlis Iltvrfbicy Obvl 1 CALtjWiiLL :
Sir: IpurepIy.Jtovoui; communica
tion of UiQ &tk inL';il iisve , the : honor
to say, that tke Ciiief. Justice, and Jus
tices Rodman, JJiek and Settle are of
opinion tliat the act to which yoti refer,
la In violation of theConstitrition.' V
scribal ju and that, i a a corollary,
your Convention ;bad no power in the
jiremises, audits prefewletl powers and
acts ought not to be coiiflniiel by the
people ifthe. people, could confirm
tnem. out ougnt to oo opposed ana .re
fected. '' Jt would seem that bodv . was
aware elf t u'e defect pf itspowets .from the
suunussion oi lboso aces to tne peopit
thus seeking the requisite connrmation.
But, in truth, such - confirmation can-
LnoJ he derived from that source ; for
ine stone- urorusioa. in ine .KAtusiMwion
ichich makes the Conventual a nullity,
equally excludes the efficiency of a
popular majority jto annul , on?' Consti
tution and make anot hero:. As the act
of a '-people living umler a constitution
The Xew,York World welcoines Ste
phens to the etlitorial ranks, and re-joit-e
that talent so distinguished is to
aid in shaping public opinion. Having
.thus endorsed his views, the World pro
ceeds to state them, arid gives an un
doubtedly more honest view of Demo
cratic principles than can be found in
the "cut-and-dried" platforms of their
conventions. On the amendments the
editor says: " Amendment XIII., abol
ishing slavery, .'he regards as a valid
iart of the organic law. because ratified
tby. the constitutional constituencies of a
sumcient numoerot wtates." "Aracua
ments XIV and XV he, like all Demo
crats, regard as the offspring of gross
usurpations' of power, passed by force,
fraud, and perfidy." And not only
this, but, following out his logic, I he
says: "But Mr. Stephens goes further,
andlthinks them invalid ;" and adds
j that this practical - concurrence of Mr.
Stephens with toe JXmocracy of the
North, in connection with the 'sym
pathy of tlie South with his views, will
increase the usefulness of his influenced
Ih other words Stephens is to be j the
bond of union between the Democrats
of the Xorth and the Confederates of the
South, and the yoke that is to hold the
team together is to la? the invalidity of
the fourteenth and fifteenth amend
inents. TJds is the programme of Ithe
leading organ and inspiring spirit of the
4new-dearture" Democracy. It shows
how much sincerity there is in the new
professions of tlie Democracy, and how
great would 'be the disaster could they
obtain contml of the (iovernment.
To the People of North Carolina.
Following the example set by their pblit
leal opponents, the Republican party have
lnstructeu its executive committee to ad
dress yon in relation to the proposed Con
vention. ".'V - ' . ";- "" T ;-- :
-' .It is very much against our wishes that
you have, been precipitated into a campaign
upon this delicate and important subject.
The State-during the past ten years has been
subjected to the experiments of various po
litical doctors, and what seems most needed
now is repose and quiet en . opportunity
for the operation of nature's soothing and
restorative powers, rather than a resort to
new pills, and potions, however confidently
recommended.: On the contrary, the con
servative party produces in great plenty
lancets, blisters, drugs botn emeueal and
purgative, patent medicines guaranteed bv
many certiticates and a glittering array of
surgical instruments trie upsnot or wnicn
is that North Carolina is once more to be
subjected to active treatment. j i
It seems that conventions are to become
of ordinary occurrence in this State. Mr.
Jefferson has been generally denounced by
conservative men for having advised tliat
State conventions should be called once in
every twenty years. .Herei however, in
about one-half 'of that space we have had
(including that now pending) no less than
nve elections upon the subject of conven
tions. and if the one now nronosed shall be
called (which Heaven forbid !) . from these
elections have resulted four separate sov
ereign conventions.. It is obvious to ask if
the three conventions already encountered
have reduced the State so low, wliat will be
come of her after she has been submitted to
the tender mercies of a fourth T U
It lias occurred, to all men who labor.
whether with hands or head, now and then to
find themselves unaccountably unfitted for
work: which ordinarily is easy. At times
nothing goes right. The brain and hand seem
to have lost their cunning, lilunder follows
blunder. Under such circumstances it be
comes wisdom 'to i withdraw the attention
and go about something else. ' lly so djmg
ourselves in a short time restored to
power, and are enabled easily to triumph
over the obstacles which just before liad
overcome us; we even wonder how it 'was
that they had given us trouble. jVfayj iiot
this sometimes nappen to whole commtii
tics of men, as well as to individuals? Has
not North Carolina, for the last ten years.
been in j ust such a condition 7 We ask this
question upon the conservative : thooryj If
it be true, as said by them, that nothing! but
blunders hare followed all this ten years of
endeavor by Jsprth Carolina to amend her
fundamental institutions, had she not better
lay the task aside, and await tlte eomirig of
a season in. which her brain will be clearer,
her nerves more steady, her temper less
ruffled, and her hand under better control t
Such is the advice which we most re--spectfully
tender to the people. ; As the
State is most clearly out of wrts for consti
tution making, let her for a wlule lay this
business aside. 1 -( !
To the same effect we would add; if the
loud adverse clamor upon this subject will
permit us to be hoard, that tlie present con
stitution is by no means the monster wldch
it is represented. In very important; re
spects it is an improvement upon any con
stitution we have ever had, and in "no re
spect is it one that cannot be borne with un
til ! the community lias reached a period
more propitious for impartial considera
tion. Conceding that it needs-amendment
in substantial particulars, is such conces
sion more than a common place, applicable
to all our constitutions; State and Federal,
and indeed to every! political contsitution
that has existed in any age or country. ;f
Before taking the very cursory view of
this instrument, which is all that the limits
of an address will permit, allow us to re
mind you that the mighty political violence
to which we have- been subjected since
1861, resulted in casting North Carolina so
ciety, after ISfw, upon an unknown more.
Everything around is strange. The social
machinery of our old forms of life does not
suit here.' What was political wisdom there,
in many respects is not so tere. Perhaps
even tlie wise men oi that condition ot
things are not the wise men of our present,
ami will not be so m our immediate lumre,
If the character for wisdom in question1 was
founded upon familiarity with the relations
and proportions of the structure that: has
passed away, then it has perished alomr
with them; and to call the possessors of
such a quality to the conduct of that (join
plicated machinery which now .bears!! our
fortunes, wer as prudent, as under Other
circumstances it might be to call uporl' one
heretofore known as a trusty, wagon driver.
to leeome at once engineer for a lightning
express passenger tram. There is, however.
a quality more worthy of the sacred name
of wisdom, which would, on such occasions.
prove to be most valuable. If a citizen, had
studied and been inspired by the great
theme of human liberty, divested of all isuch
circumstances as are merely technical, ac
cidental and transitory, if, whilst jealous, for
his own peace and freedom, he prized aright
the peace and freedom of all other citizens
of whatever color or lineage, if the beatings
of his heart had been taught to keep; time
wnn uiat lamous saying uuereu oy a aarK
skinned man in Athens two thousand
years ago, which, endued with greater vi
tality and winged -bv a loftier eloquence
than any other saving that had preceded . it
upon that renowned: spot, has circled the
earth and visited both poles, gathering new
strength with the lapse of ages and bearing
richer fruit with every returning season
to wit, that God has vuule of one blood all
nations of men ; if, in fine, his lessons! had
taught him to gaze with unabated delight
upon that glorious scene within this Repub
lic, on which the curtain rises hiorher from
day to day, bearing in Ids heart all parts of
the assemblage, and gitted with an eyesight
so purged and unsealed as to be engrossed
with the brilliance of the object rather than
onended by its spots, then oi such a one It
may be said that there was not so much
vision of counties was recommended by
Mr. Jefferson ; and it is remarkable that in
the early settlement of North Carolina the
same ideas were carried out. They disapf
peared before the Revolution, probably nn
der the growing influence of our slave int
' ': . ' nine interest m
be called,; tlie poop? - has not
thisdewV That a vendor of nanadnSge is
Expressed bis ideas in elegant lang
ISainly a defect in JjStB5,nDl'e
be comparts -r , t
-tifbf 1,v aConvenuon, paiieu.ir -
the otlfef , b v a vo .cdnfctlttttioW W 111
nWfV'Ubikv these two,all
;whlf h arises from
terest. It deserves consideration whether convey we
tnat mnnence aid not Tiamraiiv.suosxii.uMa i ... , -in -.-
t h&8lave plantation in place of the township I Qne other topic urged for
x no townsmp, acoorumg w iwjirci
let tK rrprm of and r HHTvnlif vital forcO tO
the. only free societies that have endured for J 4wh tvmrtexibh? The matter
. ... , . -t . .-:!" - ! 1 "
n call ui.i
fTrenceT In wbp?5 to Convention, the
nfcWfention of the people
8h11 the coiicurrenca of two third, of .
unless by the r . HnuM of the Gen-
One other wpic ""T. "cou3ideration.
' vention demands parUcul o"
Is not theplantation its correlative
icieties? The comni union, free
and local self-control of ( the , one naturally
grows, in tlie society, .at large, to a; tree
Press, a Parliauleiit, and the other noble uu
stituUons which rnark the consciotrs presf-
of Cief JT', th oracle .
an ' array 6f
' i - totion.i which, K p'lB.c"r was, .-anai
mslav ekn be avoided oniyacu" . Those-w rdles of
i 1 1 1 1 1 v iig v -. v nil v x lniii-i sp. a Kr law . ' ti .
societies? The commrmion. free speech that sliaU strike puc ine i warui 'VaUllv bent lipon mischief.
it Is.' urged; can -as if one had mquu-- -"V-y
fres CArt, 5, w trust that- the truoom f rffi"
th elecUon now a "' ,-T : r
A that the uenerai 1l;t - - t,r.lnn
nseiotis rresr iv' r -oint navment or - doxxa oi vv?"rZ-
m. . - nnivKiH u i iuv - r
ence and free movement of a self-igoyerning' flt on the. public, debt
People. The isolation, restraint and comf
iiiel inderjendenee and refinement of a
few, with tlie ignorance and
the many, that distinguished
payment'of'them- loud f apprene"-" . " y.
"by appropriate arise3 in view ofwbat aeems to oe at any
L constraint of lssembly to impose such .taxation, but tbj. tnrwhat W f"tSUtei relying
theplantation. that, as the onstitotlon Te- f the present w&uww- nninion be
Tere, on tlie . other hand, no less seen and members of the Aa-semwy su t pon.CM, - held by
sVear to support it, they are douiiu-..- . ineir e convention, ta.be
applies only Tutionary and SfSU
ttemse "fBtthi Frea-
The debt to arise after the abop
.V '"""rtwnovided for m
lion oi i"c . , e fk,.;,li,1(r
the next section. The thrioQmyidUtg
for Us interest is marked out there. .
. .It j.. .v nil it irtn of the new. ex-
in nrirn i.iih 111.111 ' . . . '
1. . . .. ll.i
felt to the extremities of the other society
-What was peace in the one, in the other was
mere solitude. -"" )?:' ' '
Merely suggesting then that the totenship
of 1871 was the proper substitute in: North
Carolina, for the plantation, of 1861, we subr
rait that its introduction here, which in caif-pet-baggers
was mere habit or instinct, in ia
North Carolinian would have been proof of
profound reflection and wisdom. For the
rest, the Township is a small and .natural
republic made up of neighbors j-ot thos
who have great similarity - of interest, and
who ought to be, and generally are, friends
It controls matters in which they only are
interested. Incidentally, it promotes pub-j
lie spirit, prevents consolidation of county
matters at the court house, .develops talent
in rural communities, brings forward good
material for public servants that would oth?j
erwise remain unknown, and," what oa
servers of such thinga will not underrate, lit
affords, in the organized circle of its neigh
bors, that machinery for forcing forward aud
upward local merit, in the absence of which
fromotiori so much depends upon the re
uctant favor of court house cliques. ) j t
tressed by such reflections.'. which no
doubt have often occurred to "them,, our op
ponents, whilst specifying this l township
system as a main objection to the present
constitution, admit tliat it ; works well in
other. parts of our country, adding that this
is because theu are populous, intelligent and
wealthy which we are not! How Very poor ;(jucstiou Qf MQ force-4or ny , purpose I
a shift this mav be for ananrumenfc toeouii- I -i. - .!.! k ..r.f;; nft m
. - .... .y . t xi we were not
" " , , Il r . pi-J ulhcv, appeare uj Vniied states'
leuuiiuu uiuuh:i uiat utcu TV Kit; tiuouttui
where they' riow flourish, at times ichen those
countries were thinly settled, grossly igno
rant, ami very poor ! They have I crown Ito
their present prosperity under the-influence
of this institution. , Long centuries' ago,-
when thick darkness covered all people, be
fore printing was invented, when people
who could read were as rare as in this couii-
try now are men who own their millioniof
dollars, the Township took form. What'its
splendid story has since been history tells !
What: the bright consummate llower that
now adorns it in the spot where it sprung
up, is seen and Known by an men ! i
tt is namrai tnat tncre snouid be some
yearning after the plantation, throughout
onsquoted abovj, fJ?&pVt
inmce4 oi the conu;"if- ... . . -------
JfSoM in the case of, a Northern State
JwJy "ti i,V southern President,
of a Houtnern omm? jj - - "
dint, r Does anybody doubt ft r" Who does
not feel that If U oecuri it wm not only
?hock but shake down 'public confidence
in theetabuuy wverv. - r 71
prosperity.; In,, or t thai aUiacU capital to
Korth Carolina T . . , it
The very mildest form In which ih6 ques
tion can be put, is, cari North Carolina Jus
Sfv herself in resorting to doubtful expedl .
cnts under such circumsuanoos. wui mum
imr . rvath unon thevery edge ox dan
ger'when all know that anoUierlnaugura-
fe - . . . 111. 1.. Vt A w . Ifmf'a will .
tion or violence wiuuu MC r ,
rTLsarilv result In so ' much ctmfusion,
&nd so irretrievable ruin T Bhe coukl not bo
justify h-erself, even u uie purpwwivj
were jnorecieariy hkui. y'o-r Z ,
7. -ttnfivi. tti lidded!, that there is.
at;most, no need for'the-'eonatltutiohal re-
. . i f.iiiiiont iipbt. tne
Ltravaganv iu.u ot
exienu w ww - --- ; nt , -tHA
2SSrTrtTto the people this year,
iu,. A mie-trestiort that the conscien-
tious obligation exienus w ww, -uncertain
a thing the conscience- of a pol
itician may be.! Probably some orass uxxlu.
be digged out of an address wnicn inm
uates a threat that if the people do not call a
convention, the signers of the idress, who
are also members w me jaibwiuiu, " "
h constrained bv, their ncienoe-what-
under the circumstances this, may
mean to levy a tax to pay the interest up
on the whole debt whether S wepson s
- But then, as to the Old debt. . How does
that stand ? Is there an obligation,, in con
pinnm imdor the oath in ; nuestion, to lay
C adeouate taxes to meet its interest promptly?
1 f Jtm suggested, tliat. standing alpne, many
U11UUX luiioilfcivii v .- I 1q T nOSe BUKRetfUOUB UVmS W winii
it micrht have efiectj . nut at than .nirkrsement. , it v Is-a wanton .
adds no force to the obligation already hn-1 thjng to call such Convention ! Improper f
posed by the consutution oi,-tne uneu j enklsbvViolcnt meartsrwisimpiy preposter
ous! --J , '' v ,; r-':,;: -:; 'L J
States. Members are sworn to support the
constitution of the United States as well
na that of the1 State. The constituion of tlie
United States reeoirnizes' the existence of
f Ti a nltl icration of h. eontract. -not onlv bv for
bidding the States to impair it, buj also uy
i .i i e ti : ur...
eiliorcillg it luscn. x, tsiiiurucw m vni wua
ways, aexjording to" the character of the per
son it deals witlii As to most people it en
forces, this obligation (through its courts
sometimes by, ordinary execution against'
goods and chattels, and sometimes. py man
damus against officers who are charged with
official duties in levying taxas (say; in coun
ties and towns) for such purpose. There
North Carolina. .Many virtuous people ho : a oh claase4 of pflicers Wliom it reaches
doubt struggle with the forbidden ,appetite. ; only through their Official oaths ; 1. e op-.
One step' towards its restoration w ould pro- MnS iJ,M,,. t.aiV Mman. .fii-
perly be the abolition of the toicnship.. We
enter our protest against it ! Underj ou con
stitution the township is very much under
the control oi" the General Assembly, Its
powers, until we become more lised to tihe
new county machinery, may j I le'' clipped
very close by the Assembly, and then Oy
degrees new functions mav be added, until
at lasfall mely local allairs Ix: entrustied
to its control Sueli is our proposal, .in
stead of its abolishment by a 'Convention' f
The other county machinery is so obvioiis
ly an improvement upon former meth(ds,
tliat its consideration need not detain ns
The difference between being taxed byosir
we voted for,
are members of the Legislature. ' All of such
are sworn to support that constitution.
Tliat constitution applies itself to the details
of all contracts, and imposes an obligation
of like a ualitv. manner. Form and condition.'
What; is the , character of its obligation irt
conscience in regard to officers who cannot
be sued, is cvideiiced ,'by ; its operation on
those who can be. If county coupon are
payable semi-annually, a mandamus .may
be had Tor the identical payment contracted
for. '. If State couponsare payable," the ob
ligation in conscience' 'enforced by 'tlie1 of-!
ficial oath, is the same. Thero may, in 'the
case or the members ot the ueneral Asscm-
A A II - 1
rejn twnuuivex ui.au wiiom v vuieu lor, fA of discretion jallowed 1V
and who have to. come before us again, luui I Vi.i.'rru1wi :i,t fLutitiUi.;. 1 u.w.n
0 L mVMMj lJlllkUU JVCMiVZS3 VVlJOkltUUUll. . UUl 11 icj -
sons may claim that fn : deference; to their
cjiKution, as set oven the anairs or a quasi
vernier an account, anis the case with coun
ty commissioners is, leyond all measure,
an improvement upon the former systerhf of
tmuiity taxation by an irresponsible and parr
tiallv distributed bench ot magistrates.
CHANGES IX LAWS.
It was to be expected that a
All tegLdatiYe-pdwr is Vested,1a the al Governmeiit even? tlie .vote, of the
General Vssembly, CalllDg.a Cx)nviT,LMyonty4s lproprtqi fugore: iuef&ctuai,
tion Is ail act of legislation4. It follows 1 witJiout f the. jLssent of thpi-nbsistins
that no Convention am;be;caJ1 4unintciLstitutioci jroyemniept aiKlits-ldi-low
it be done by the (ieneral Aefi1 rectIoas for 4akiii tho vote fautl rascer
bly.. " :iP,i: ' .'"t,':J,,alnIngVIie majority '-Without eli
The people have rerve4 to-thuf-reio
selves no power 6f leglslatlQii; lt:i ji twJorU f,phybHUy able, may oyer-.
Iowa, Wat , It tCorryenUpii,, cannot j.be throw the exbtinjr jjovennnent, hut It
. . '... ' I'.' - II " ' . 1 .1 I..1I .1 A.
caiieu dv. a .voie.qiuie,iiieoiMe:iior can oui o o uy .reyuiuuoii- mm not
will such votlnr. enable the General
A.enibly to call' w Convention in a
as Dossesfiimr .a. TiiUmate delesrated
ofilce and power.' I need .not how-1
' The Telegram happens to stand with
Republicans in this cainpaign in oppo
sition to Convention, but it is because
former Democrats of North Carolina
have wantonly abandoned an old posi
tion of their party, and basely surren
dered principles it - took more than a
generation to establish. ! f
There area few good old leading
Democrats with us, while the workings
men of North Carolina the under-stra-
ra Of society fAvill, on the first Thurs
day in August, rally around the; old
position we have rescued and main
tained. -- I I-'-'! r - t '
. So far as relates to the mere politi
cian,? we liave no desire whatever j to
propitiate or win him over, nor do we
care 4 groat for hiin, one'! way orf the.
other; but the workmgnian, the son of
toil, him who bears uonhis shoul
ders the weight of government, to him
and his opinions we defer, and his
highest wishes will secure our co-operation,
when all the efforts of the other
fail to command uaTelegram:
Cd fleo. V. Johnston, of Pitt, a prom
nent meiulier of the bar, and an undoubted
Couervatlve ' la reported as opposing the
Convention scheme, t ,. :
room as need .'
Was there in all our borders such a iifan ?
If not, then, without disparaging the just
claims of our more : distinguished tellow
citizeiiSj it was not of their assistance tliat
our, society had most need; This ncwVriile
was not for their old lxttles. ;
Our fundamental . institutions required
for sure laying workmen . who were J! not
trammelled by ideas peculiar to the former
state or things in JN ortn Carolina. 1 low
ever such men might fail' upon certain! de
tails, their work would not be affoctea by
the deadly sin of a ; failure to correspond
with the situation; whilst upon the other
hand, however skillful might have been
the details of the work by our own good'
men, it would have been utterly cursed; by
being unconformable to, ami unsusceptible
of union with, our new society. . IThe
chances therefore are that the narties sstiar
matized as carpet-baggers and Qroc,!had
some qualties lor framing a new constitu
tion for North Carolina that were in advance
of those possessed -by many of the best ed
ucated and most distinguished of our pwn
citizens ! It is probable that our ; posterity
and history will pronounce that the consti
tution of 1868 had less unsuitableness to the
true condition of the people of North Caro
lina that any paper tliat would probably
have been drafted by the best of our native
citizens. It will be said that it sympathized
with the new social life that had sprung up
and was to contiuue whereas that sympathy
was the very point of disgust and aversion
with those whose theories had taken color
and proportion from the former North Car-:
olina. "- "''j. : '-- ' -'
. A consideration 1 and digestion of such
questions in the only wise temper that of
travelers will, we are persuaded, entitle the
constitution to a favorable judgment, land
and render a consideration of its mostin-
i a. .a i i . . .
poriant uetaus ugm. worit.
shrewd lawvers, rendered skijfnl in such
matters bysold exjierienee, in the defence of
crinjinaLs, would be able to say; something
worthy of their, reputation in defence of jthe
old system of L,aw and Equity, of Tres
pass," Case and Detinue, and other eaitiftifc,
as against the system recently j introduded.
Let it be remembered that the Code is no
part of the constitution. TAarimaV; bd al
tered as tlie General Assembly shall think
best. What the constitution provides is
only the abolishment of two sets of courts,
Law 'and Equity; and of the different flof-ms
of action. That it has done so, is a! mighty
stride in civilization ! Itis,an improvement
already adopted in a dozen of the.-inosi in
telligent, wealthy and populous ;StatGs of
the Union. , No one that has tried the change,
has gone back to the' former- condition of
things. Even in England, the cradle ofj the
old forms, after mere amendments, (although
upon an enormous scale,) ; had been tried
with slight effect for forty years $the Lord
Chancellor has in charge, with the Sanction
of the government, bills to effect this very
purpose: and, what is more, to adopt! the
system of pleadings of the New York Code J
and m the course of a few years, will uni
versjilly be so regarded. The benilits wfiich
the ireople receive from the constitution ot
1868 in this one item, might well y?oa1that
instrument, even if loaded with objections
ten-fold greater than any which can be as
cribed. i . I
It may be pronounced' 'with great eertiiiti-
tv that this Change in the law as" well asJthat
or townsht ps tot plantations, are m more dun
ger' of being annulled now, than, if they es
cape this assault, they can ever be againi If
unchanged within the next tem years, they
will remain permanent tributes, to the m
stinctive wisdom of the convention ofj S6S.
Meanwhile, no one will wonder if all mid
dle aged and more advanced lawyers, ranch
- l -. 1 1 .i. .. 1 A x . 'l!l3i..
oi wnose capital trunsisicu 01 lammaruv
with the hooks and crooks of. tliat rusty.
musty, dustv labyrinth, hooks and crooks
that concern justice to otherwise tliat by" of
ten serving to plague and ; defeat f it,f-are:
keenly sensible of the mighty loss that lias
been sustained, or should indulge in: new
Ijamcntations thereabouts. r
GEXJ5KAI. OBJECTION. ;
We irreatlv marvel that the Consei--fttive"
party should have urged, as a general! and
most notent obiection to the Constitution.
- -if - - : y
that, with regard to many of its provisidns
important ones at that nolxxiy could tell
wliat they signified until they had received;
judicial construction : when the very same
remark is no less true of the Constitution of
the United States, and of every other ITon-
stitution that has been formed upon the!
continent. Have they not, each and all,
been a ; theme ; for debate ever - sincejthey;
were made ? Is not this notably true df the
Constitution of the United States? lil not.'
the. people get together by the ears, tmdlight
for four vears, because one or other i side-
-(perhaps both) did not understand proyi-r
- a, - a. - ' ii. . 'A -r-j 'l. i. :
Hions in mat constitution r v ere not iiiere.-
passages in it that seemed cOntradh-tbryi
and j required judicial eonstraction, lubfore ,
any man could say what was meant. Upoir,
the whole? Is it not true that the enliven-'
tion which formed it did .nOt understand
how it was to work in many important ir
Two oaths to
more .than one oath.
State constitution is a
sovereign, requires that they are to have
some discretion as to laying taxes ( for in
stance,' in times of great; public want, Ac,
they are to consider the appropriateness of
the proposed legislation, its appropriateness
all around, so to- say, i. e; to the wants of
the creditors and the exigencies of he State.
W do not know ho w this may be. ' We
are discussing ja question of casuistry, and
such quest ions are proverbially delicate and
deceptive. It may be -presumed, however,
that the conscience of f man who was in
fear of his "constituents, would be apt to
take some such turn. However this liiay
be decided in regard to the constitution of
the United States, it is very, plain that the
State constitution binds nobody's conscience
who believes that a tax bill for payment of
the interest on, the public debt is, under the
circumstances Of the community, inappro
priate legislation. - He is required j.to do it
only by J appropriate legislation." . Let any
gentleman. who threatens the people-with
such a law be; asked whether he regards
sucn legLsiation as ttpproprtate to the pros
ent circumstances xf the times. Ifjhesays
jres, then he is bound,- even in; the absence
of such a provision as this, to, leyy the tax,
ii lie says no, ;then the present section is
the same, duty binds no
the . section in the
mere nullity. for it
commands a duty already commanded by
flia lV1uHflltlAM nf 1lA TTnlfAl Ut.tui: mt.l
this too, in terms not so comprehensive.
Indeedthe tactics resorted to upon, the
point just discussed, by the supporters of
the Convention, bring forcibly to mind the
celebrated hunting expedition ot the liou
and the jackass, in which these tactics; orig'
inated. The jackass was to sot un an awfu
braying, andithereupon the aft'righted game
would escape from such jaws as he had,and
1 1 c i i l : i.i l : i i
neve, tins section about taxation is to
the part of thq ass, whilst rthe affrighted
people run off and fall into the trap upon
11 . 1 . i" T r a i l i .
ui suujwi ui, jxuritscemi, .wuicu nas uee
j j 1 1 I x W x . . ma' I i
iireiuiy. sei ior nat , purpose xnis trap , i
coining to . be 't Very well understood, and
requires'no elaboration i ' The delegates are
to be sworn not .- to touch the 5 Homestead
provision.and all the while, vows, have been'
registered to clean out the ,8upreme Court I
This vill answer quite as Well ! The . neat
result will be ithat at the next Christmas
many a present of homesteads will be made
to honest creditors who now sit behind lonir-.
uuub'riiigjuugiuciiu waning 10 ueiietsiip.
l he exceedmcr tenderness of Conservative
consciences in regard to the oath hpOn: "ad
equate taxation'' fcc. required the com-
iensation of some indulgence. ? This has
probably been allowed upon the Homestead
question, where a certain anticipation of
sales of that sort of. cronertv-' coexist with
solemn vows hot to touch the words, in the
Constitution which guarantee them ! ilf you
take tne conscience in too tightly in some
quarters, you necessarily let it out too far
m others! .-' ,- -
said anything jn regard to
in u-liicli it. iu nninnanrl I n tall
' ---- .-.v . . -.--.. - ' . '.''.-.. V. I 1 P UUl
thLs Convention The point has been thor
otrghly discussed ' recently, as ' well as for
merly, about 1854. We slfall'not elaborate
it here. It is enough, to repeat, that tho
method i, el a.call under a vote of - a ma
jority of the Assembly lias been oondemn-
.-1 ll.n . 1 ' 4 V.T.- t it . i
oj uj uic uciKiiti iv.-wciiiuiy til iiiiitus pam
ThoJtepubliean party of .-Northi Carolina
kavfl th sjinin interest hi Uie ucnerai. ,.
peace and prosperity that their opponent
have. They desire to see no public trouble .
reivcd; they wish to aid in raising and
recovering the exnanstea energies oi mtr
State They prefer that all disorder : in . the ; '
State, if possible, sliall bo put .down by the,; ,
powers of the State,: and, in.1 the first In
stance. laasmu;h as an ounce of prevention
is tvorth a pound of cure, they .desire that
the people, suaii ioroiu uiw.iuinwvuwH
measure.' , , o ! . ', .'i.-l , '. .
ft is in this interest.' 'that' reoresentatlves
of the Republican party from every section. ,
of the State, at two- dfflPerenf meetings' in
JUleigji unanimavisiy suiopcou .tno v rouow
ing resolution : . ; i -
Resolved. That the Eepublican party of
"VT ,a41. I innliim - IuihiW mvilnittlnir I haf. ta
aj Lit imimiiui. 1 1. A r , &.wwf7w..M . ......
peading call for a convention is uiiconsutu
tional. rorgnlze tliat It will be most for Uk
peace of tlie State that, the people shall 8'
decide at the ballot-box, and tfierefore rc
commend that an appeal be made thern
for: that purpose, - atid that such appeal
be prosecuted in the usual way, Htry a Cam
paign; and Candidates. -... ..i.e it
11 is in this interest- tliat we have been .
directed to .address tliei i3ye .trut, that
our designs herein may "prove - to .-bo ettec-
tur'' ' '- -v- : !
Jn Bevbral important Tspecta the Coif-
stitbtion . is a great gain .upou.' al . that;
haVe preceded it. In . the largo majority of (
its provisions it is' a good ' Constitution,' In"
alljitis tolerable.' - V ! r " .';
Tlie. ; State is in . an untried coo-
in. t that . condition it, ,1a not
We have no:
Take, for .'instance,, the new ' system of
county government, includmg toicnsmps.
It is generally supposed that township are
a . Yankee invention, imported into North
Carolina as a badge of subjugation and ma
chinery fori oppression.- The truth is jthat
they are a feature which for more twelve
centuries, as all students of English j law
know, have marked that free society from
which we have borrowed 'the substantial
parts of our own. The most -philosophic
foreigner who has diaensaed American in-'
stitutions, one, whose decision upon varfoua
portions of our system seem,; at Uie end of
the forty years which have passed since he
. . i ..tf . i. ii i ; ( 1
V lULUf JUSEM3Sm 1 FVpUtUC WIllT, r'
ticulars, -; aixl indeed jdid not ; realize Jwbht; f as, being revolutionary ; that - this doctrine
part of it would be most prominent in tho 'vas,anirmed by resolutiona .of State Con-'
newiso-iety which it was to create I i - '. 'j vli'iui of Uie .Democratic party iu this
- NO -oii yention ntn remedy1 snMi deflvts.; Lite before the late war ; that it was acted
A newon-stitutiin mav- abolish ermi4 irt1nHitt in 18;i lin reference to the call of the
the one now existing, but it will bo- utlinv-i luivention of February; which did not sit :
expanse of creating nw ones. Itmav!s.tl'c-.J,iatlangiiagesoexteisively and nOtoiioml v
I ly I foretold that a great harvest lur in.' Ii-K ussotl. and eonstrned, was adopted fitb-H
j legal proiessiou win iouow me woir oi - oui ciiauga imo: un prereM.m'nHuion; ana
Utuothcr convention. Noitoay. will-.anowr.-that recently. th iwernor,)Rnd the Su
where he staml .. ah tlie iue.stins now at; preme Court of the ritate'. hate
rest will be renewed.' Other fees wlIMuC to sii-h a call-to' be unonstitnlkm
liav. An unbloody revolntifm-(such as we:? tHtionarrL-.Tbow wl wish
lioiH-rlitjaouJ isu'Jiiiig me will Ixm. isi itec i Uturfty asp-Mi Uuk nuesttori thatf
essarily great ie;ist for.-lawyers JLlX t Xf l'rbih
them ougut to l-e laluvor of such. AVlether
ine inuTesiH oi me ppie m general are ne
same, i not so clear! '."? .- r-i'.. v
easy to say what constitutional ; provisions
in some respects may be ' best. An experi
ment has beon set on foot at great expense. '
ietsus give it a lair and full trial the rath-u
er that if we were now under compulsion
to make a constitution, no considerate man
could be sanguine that such ! as we should
adopt would answer even the purposes that :
we have in view Let us, walk earefuhV
fonbard to our place In the future, avoiding,. ,
su ii u w vhii tui nsKB oi laiunt; xo secure ,
fo inf posterity u fair 'chance in the race- '
being made ur for the fortunate men- "
are to come after us. Above all things., .
s tread no step &acuarJ, upon, pain bf,j,
Ving the maledictions of future genera
i, as those whrj with" great topnortuni- " '
ties ior escape, fell under condemnation:' .
met for such as are not discerners of the? ,
times. .-,.. : i "
With hearty good wishes for this SUUJ br ;
ouH, new North Carolina and for all our
fellow, citizens, of QvevySrsuxsrr-ln UUa, hour
of danger to all, we earnestly ask, that every
mad who wishes to avoid civil con fusion,''
and every man who has noVburied his en- '
ergifes and affections who has not vowed
to g mourning all. his days over a dead. .
past will lend his aid to' defeat this threat
ened, Convention, and Iietrogradation, ami
Hcrqlution. -"'-; '- ' " '- -j '
t i. -ji S.-'K. PIIILLIPS-i J i
L"t-' ' ' ' ' 1 ' Chairman, dc
c J. C L. Harms, Secretary. I
i4 J1LINDS,, Mjr,.
1 Mouldlag.,' Suir -Rail, uL-tt 'et' '
mft-'.U. -. n. .1 ,A. tt I u " iri. ..... 1 .
fii-: GROUND AND CUT GLASS.4 1 'f'V-i
V lunm cj.nl .i..l 1 . -. n . . 1 - i i . j
- nv iv. i? xx
above goods constantly on hand at 'tJAw;"' ;
estratea;'''f)rderwolrk proiptlalkaQd'l.' "
Builders and yners will fin'it tothelf atli'
vantage to get our estbaate, .before purchaf- f 4
in. i Special attention ' given to i Bttck i 1 1
VAiofi:T and other Fikst-Class work. 'H i1 '
''j'. '! ' .iMK-aiiiif '-.; :.
EftUrnn M nrwl Xrin r t.. 1 f 1 I .
' , . ,T i .r" i V I f " V , jiMlllMUCM .
Application,.;;. ,v , -uJli ,ir U
WHITLOCK '&'C$:. J
a4 & arj Cnl Htreet
! -I " ... '. . . 2EW I YORK..!
A H t
June ftr 1871.
mmW A f w t -m -r w w f .
I'racUces in all tlie SttA A nut '
lm. , !
Viy insert an advertwement In Eiglii limit I 1 '
drl Amcrkn NeWsiape, ffi5w: f
Ier litieger .week. , OnJIne oriVwK' ' f V
istU dollar two lines: wliKt iwli.-i' "!
dollars, and teS lines yctaolS ' "I o ,
Senl,for.a pnntod Usk. Addrw f '
. . t..i. ,1 JkO. 41. Pu rL fir..... -v. t '
-wJmioS lK-71' " .w,. n
al anil'reViRt Ih UAYTlJvuTJZ ?
fordther -sra WllminJto, .U7T Vtbi --; V:
'itan be had WtttaoCl'oi.iaVi.Li '
other lilshed aratf,rlT - f
i iaKnifii,..,ii..-.;:.:.'j - - 4 Wriex-
in aa. i4iy.An ha.i.1 IlliAviir In tKla w.,l mmm
lvi Diuiroui crv-v iiitvi ij in j y
as well as in that from which it wasi in-
is known that a like subdl
same, i ik Vm) clear!?- .-
lUpoti tliis topic .'it: may be added tliat
wliilst tlte conservative nartv are fluent uo-
tm the matter" of the want of perspicuty. :
t simpiwiiY- Hint logic in me present oonBtiiu-
tKn, and upon 'the doubt . and' ioiwisk)n
necessarily resulting therefrom, they hare
not enlarged upon the measure of the doubt
aiid ieonfusion to arise from ' a epnstitiition.
Tbcqueville,) regards the o'nAi as a very Irhowever worded, vwbieh is' tlie offspring of
an irregular assembly, caiieu marevoiu
tionary manner.- In connexion, witn . the
seek onioe that are at stake- 4n f!i -Air of a
Convention; we refer lo tlie late CMner J rs-
nce ltuvvixhe greatest lawyer vrS liave at
any time had in- Nerth Carolina, 1 lie wJt
so convinced that such methoda as the pres
ent are revolutionary, that he volunteered
irpott a memorable occasion, tq come out of
wtlMmant o tirl - In aillw.aA' nUAi
L advice his fellowrcUizena. kv; ' ? g t7.:- -
j We quote hia language:. ,,.,.; - ,1, ,
Two modes of amending the Constitu
tion ar provided : One through the agency
of the Oeneral Assembly, proposing vau
amendment for ratification, by a vote of the
manner in which the next convention is to ( People, which need not be considered here;
lavinir rL.i....!!..' ii V . .
FUrnltupA ivnAlZi rT?;-- Hy f : -'
phu dh WKbSir z z'jif.1"11-- nv
Se err j-T f-"M -li-j'n' v .
r.ot.ii.1. U.. .o K 11i.isvj. I
v BALKirrtt XiibvAt Bask
. . S in f t Halink tr.AA. a, t
'f V MC
JX tM been declared.- out ortr.vV.r.tt f jr f 1
W aT M At ". At . A - . A V - I
holders-on the 15th of July .next.. at their.
Banking Houae in Uds city. ' - '
C. DEW KY.( ftiMAier.
- i --. '