North Carolina Newspapers

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Xlates' of Sabtcrptiou
? THi-WEKKLYOne year, in advance,
(J months, in advance,
3 montlis, in advance,
t month, in advance,
Wkkklt Ono year, in advance,
Six months, in atlvance.
' ASHGVILLI Ju!y 4, 1871.
Lraving llaleigli at 7:40 p. ir. J on the
'M of July, I reached this place; at 0 P.
m., the following evening.' Trains on
the W. N. C. Kail road are" running to
the foot of the Blue Illdgeat Mrs. Bur
gin's farm, twenty-live miles east of
this. Two daily lines of stages connect
this place with the railroad at the point
above mentioned. The rails will be
laid to Malone store during the com
ing month, so as to diminish the stage
travel to twenty-one miles between
Asheville and the head of 'the road.
All' work Is baspended on this road, as
it is on all the other roads ill the West.
The question suggested itself as I passed
along the manifold evidence of corrup
tion, incompetency and mismanage
ment of our public works in the shape
f nttarulnned work noon tne rouus.
el in impeachi
esoecially in buying
apiecer-and the time and money spent
in quarreling about a Convention, have
leen better usetl .in'making sonic hon
orable effort to resume work on our
railroads? This is tlie opinion of
many people in the West. " j
From Salisbury to this point, there
have been abundant and refreshing
rains, and the crops of corn oil good
land look very promising. Complaint
is pretty general east and West. of the
Blue Ridge of rust upon the oats. In
this immediate region the farmers are
likely, from present appearances, to
reap abundant harvests from j their va
rious crops the wheat, grass,5 potatoes
and corn all being generally good. But
what avails good crops to a community
eut off from railroad communications
with the markets of - the world 5T. And
of what use are railroads to the people
when the rates of freight and fare upon
"them are as exorbitant as they now are
1 1 . " ' "lift ioftl I
in North Carolina? It is a practiea
a . - 11. ..nnlk rf-X rill I
denial to the masses of the people of all
the advantages which they ought, to
enjoy from such means of travel and
transport. Will there never be a better
day in this respect in North Carolina?
I found an invitation awaiting me
.from the colored ltcople of the c-ounty
'to addrcf theni on the 4th on the ioli
tica! i-Mies of tho lay. OiIr ytl
men from a distance had lk-eir an
nnmufd to MHiik at the same time, and
i.,,niiy.mnrtwiw. a lanre crowd of
white and colontl ltepublirans assem
bled in a lieautiful grove in theout
hkirts of the village. Several gentle
men of the Cbnsf-tttivo party had also
leen iuvittnl address the colored ieo
. i.ln andtoirive their views; but none
if tlirm made Uieir appearance,1 having in It was surresteii. io inei
original platform, the "color line,!'
dad j doubt, of a public opportun
fcw their dissrust for the 44 niggd
rrh nlmrpr" on his side, was quite
lameness manifested by these gent
men in failing to respond in any way
to a civil invitation. I discu5ed the
constitutionality of the Convention
movement, fond the necessity for any
such movement at this time, and
endeavored to show the people that
there was no necessity for any change
of the Constitution now; that all the
Grievances complained of as arising un
Serthe Constitution, might be practi-
cally remedied by wise and judicious
legislation. I reviewed the acts and
conduct of the Legislature to show that
it consisted of the very' flower of the
- Conservative party, and if it had been
a failure as people generally pronoun
ced it to be that there was little to
le exitected of a Convention composed of
men of the same party. Their failure
to retrench and reform as they ! had
promised to do ; their extravagant and
useless expenditure of the public mo
ney in employing extra lawyers and
netting up an expensive and unneces
. W book of the debates and proceed
ings of the Impeachment Trial, were
all commented on, and seemed to strike
the people as matter worth eonslder
imr. Many other points were touched,
which the compass of this letter vilt
not permit me to notice. Therewerea
number present from adjoining coun
ties, and all were orderly and attenti ve
throughout the whole address.
A matter of much more consequence
than what I said, or what any other
speaker said on that day, is what the peo
ple say In this region about tne can oi u
Convention. I talked with many on
the train coming up. and to-day witn
many persons from this and surrouna-
of the election, and. my impression, de-
rived from whatl: have thus heartl, is,
that thre will be a verv ereat increase
of the Republican vote over that of last
ciiiTiiiipr'iii mi hip i i iiiii lies vtSb oi oiii
i rr.i.r . t.. I., icrn d
majority of over 400 agaiastus. Our
friends now confidently expect to carry
This would be a very gf eat ciiange,
. w
lut I have, myself conversed with so
tnany oi inose wno voieu against us,
. k did not all hist summer, whp
Vill now vote the Republican ticket,
tliit such a result, as is anticipated in
tbV county -by our friends, is by no
' nicuns Improbable. The same revolu
tioof opinion prevails, as I am relia
LIvinformed, in the other counties
wesiof the Blue Ridge. .
Tlie Republican . party ls: much in
debted to MrJ William Candler , for a
very able speech, made by him In reply
to a cumber of Conservatives who
spoke here on Tuesday last. I hear
hLs effort much complimented by his
party friends, who think it was of great
i a rtislrAtinf the false impres
fronds, who think it was of great
th ttnienna money ti..: ------ - - - .
g Gov. Hlen-anu " Ov iction iat the fu-
sion made by Conservative presses and
orators. ;, ; . ;. ;
12 vol. i. r
T I : : t 1 . i - ' - - ! a .- 4 ' ? : .i . i ' - W1 "'I I
The circumstances surrounding pend
ing events in North Carolina are more
serious arid threatening than is gen
erally supposed "by -the people. My
otttcial positiqn . .having i given
me peculiar . facilitieaLfor information,
I feel it my duty, as the highest repre
sentative of the State in thevNational
Government, to offer my Views and
counsel. " '
The Reconstruction Policy . of Con
gress not 'only made the slaves free;
but nlaced the ! colored ueonle . of the
whole country on a civil and political
equality with the whites. It embraces
not onlv the ricrht to vote, sit upon
I Juries and give evidence in the Courts,
but. guarantees to all the ? 'equal pro
tection" of the laws, by express pro
vision in the National Constitution.
This policy was adopted partly from
a sentiment of abstract right and. jus
tice. But it was hastened by well
grounded apprehensions that the whites
p4iwxn tne practical exercise and
ture peace and safety of the country
required the introduction of a new
element into Southern polities, attach
ed to the perpetuityxof the Govern
ment by sentiments of gratitude and
interest and which could be relied
upon, so long, at least, as the Govern
ment might continue to be its only
protection against oppression and
wrong. It was .believed that when
public feeling in the South should be
tro chagrined as to freely accord t the
freednian the full and practical exer
cise of equal rights, there, would no
longer exist any sentiment of hostility
to tho Government itself and that un
til then, the colored vote would check
any dangerous .manifestation of such
hostile sentiment.
It is idle, at this day, to inquire into
the justice of this distrust on the part
of the Government. But the mind
will naturally advert to the terrible
events of the rebellion, and to the atti
tude assumed by its leaders, imme
diately upon its close: It was natural
for the Government to be sensitive to
any manifestation of continued hostil
ity and nainfullv solicitous to avoid
a repetition, of the dangerous on
throh whieh it had just passed.
. , t
VIA 14
lnrm nurt of the Southern ieople are
now in danrer of committing a fatal
mistake, by supposing that this sen
sitiveness and solicitude have ceaset
to exist.
Tt wn- ltorhmm. natural for those n-
gaged In the rebellion, to feel keeitly
and deeply the overwhelming .defeat
of their purpose, and to chafe under
the poverty and ruin caused by an
ill advised resort to arms, and by the
criminal protraction of it into a hope
less struggle and the useless destruc
tion of life and property. But after its
close, trusted leaders owed it to the
people whom they had led to subjuga
tion, to liavc: infontKl them of the
danger of further hostile manifesta
tions, and counselled them to prudence
and conciliation. . -
The Construction Policy was forced
had been compelled to submit before
they woiUdrecogmze the National tut-'
thorityT .
The colored vote was brought in to
tonform it to the otiblished usuage of
American, institutions, and that vote
is still relied upon to uphold and
maintain it under the laws, and thus
to prevent the 4iecessity for further
military force. It is the fixed purpose
of tho American people to maintain
it by every means that may become
necessary. V popular issue was made
upon it in the elections of 18C8, and
decided by a fair and even contest at
the ballot-box. It is now evident that
no respectable party at the North will
longer avow a punose to distrust that
lni!.'in Tint 1!1Q
decision. But dissatisned and disap
pointed political leaders have perfected
a secret organization, in nearly all the
Southern States, extending it into ev
ery favorable locality, for the purpose
of practically nullifying the policy
of ttie Government by intimidation
and violence upon the colored people,
and upon those, who aid and encourage
them in the free exercise of the rights
which have been conferred on their
race. . "
The crimes committed by this or
ganization have been of such a char
acter as to cliallenge the most serious
attention of the country, and to arouse
th inditmation and horror of all men,
except those whose political interests
nd views thev are meant to subserve.
Numerous anil horrible as they have
lon in North Carolina, they appear to
hiv lwn utill more so in several of
the other Southern States. " .
Tho cmvprnment has kept itself in
fhrmpd of man v of the facts, and held
a vigilant eye. upon the general pror
tf h mnwmpnt. That it has
meant to maintain Its Reconstruction
TVkiinv hv unv and all necessary meahs,
and to prevent its t being practically
nniiifiMi w snob organized, local vio-
tratrp. has been well
trtnll who eared to become In
formed. The delay In resorting;
ahpp. in the requisite means lias lef n
only from the hope that the State gov-
ernnients luigni uuuwi p
duced to iQly Hie proper remedy, and
wiipve themselves and the nation
from the evils and excitement conse-
quent upon
a furtner liuenereuw ju
affairs. The general goy-
i iiitTir
Um.mAnf .ivnn (1 ieei 1USHU. " buv
interference, whenever Jred topro.
tect its citizens in the free, enjoyment
x : . MtAAi rvi inn mil"
or tne rignrs XXLi Tho
present case, the protection of such deemed renuisite to its own
peace and safety, such interference is
UirrAiT tfk Kr riciiioriT ininerative. It
IllkCIJ w V - va.?..-. X . , -
ha Iioon wrfprflv evident that ' tne
m'pmmpnt muld not and ' will1 not
permit organized, local violence to subr
ven tne cvumt-cvi mc: i"m-,
to which it has been compelled to re
sort for its own protection acalnst the
renewed hostility of its conquered en
emirs. - . . v- ;
The danger thus threatened ;to the
Southern Statp has.deenlv impressed
me. for the last two years, liut tnere
have been other painful considerations
UUUUC,liCU mill . LI1C DUUIC;il .illU vruu
could be insensible to the disgrace. In
curred by Southern society for per
books;atfl2,VMW f,
Kiifrfv of the e)untrv
uixjn the white people of tne voutn
the militarv ixjwer which they, tl
seles. had'invokcnl. and to which
mitting organized assassination mur
der, scourging, and' other, nameless
crimes to go unpunished ancreveni'uh
challengetl. Notwithstanding the bold
denials of t lie partizan press, and the
violent denunciation of, every mention
of tlie disorders, capital, enterprise land
Immigration 'could hot Ik deceived,
but have turnwl away from us at! the
time they .were nicest needed to retrieve
our great misfortunes.. (The National
Government has kept itself sufficiently
apprised of the increasing magnitude
and theatening character of the 'disor
ders to be anxious and distrustful as to
the result. Friendly and: ; leuefieent
legislation for the Soutlrhas been thus
checked and delayed. : General am
nesty,' large appropriations of public
lands for. educational -and agricultural
puriioses, and perhaps', for great works
of internal improvement, increased
mail facilities, the payment of just
claims for losses during the war ami a
general solicitude -.for our material in-
Sieif.Tii view of the possible, if mot
probable necessity for a further resort
to arms in order to bring the recently
insunrent States into harmony andj
safo relations with the National Moy
ernnient. - . .J
I fhave observtHl the sirHalionfind
the tendency of events with the most
painful anxiety. The responsibility and
obligations of my official position I lave
seeijicd to Ik? rendered more grave and
oppressive from circumstances towhieh
I ciinnot here advert with entire pro-
riety. From a sense of public duty, I
lave abstained from party, as well as
personal controversy ; have been silent,
when icrsonal. and -party interests
seemed to require vindication ; and have
endeavored to subserve j every .other
consideration to my estimate oi what
was due from a conscientious citizen,
occupying, in a threatening and critical
periou, inu uiipwi lime jwinuu wi.
American Senator. It has been no dif
ficult task, in view of my higher duties
to ihy country, my section and my
State,; to forego, for the time, any per
sonal vindication oi niyseii against euso
and malignant aspersion. ! !
The interests and petty quarrels of
individuals are not to be thought of in
tie dangerous emergency through
Which we are nassi ng. The Justice and
sober -wisdom of the people of -North
Carolina may be relied upon, m fine
end : and I now appeal to them, not in
my ovvii oenair, out in ueuan i im-n
OAVlTeace and interests,and of the safety
arttl welfare of the entire country.
iThe presence of the colored race in
the Southern States, as slaves, underlay
the1 cause, which led to, the late war.
Thusr . presence as free citizens, and
beariiur a lare-e proportion to the white
race in numbers, now presents the most
seripus probftm a nation ever had to
solve. Ignorant and poor; sunjecc io
the prejudiccfof race and to a condition
of public sentiment arising fronithe
uhforgotten servility and iiegrauaiion
of. their late position in society, they
lutve 'suddenly liecoine a political ';ele-
niunl. lioldinr the balance tr lxnver
among the former ruling classes in the
South. The victory of the National
Government over the rebellion of. their
former "masters gave them . lreetlom.
.That government gave them equal,
civil and political rights, in order io
seciire itself against Juturc danger irom
the .manifest continuance oi the senti
ments and purposes which led to the
rebellion. ' As was expected, they nat
urally exercise those rights in the, in
ternet of the iKirly which coniexrou
them.- Believing its safety involved,
nie government naturally considers any
attempt to prevent by violence such
exercise of their rights, not only as ah
oien defiance of its laws and authority,
but as an act oi open nosiiiiiy.
The States having laiieit in aiiyei-
fectlve measure to supuxesslhe vio
lence, the danger of another resort to
military force has become, month by
month, more imminent. As a ques
tion of imidehco. as well as of National
obligation, it has been the plain fluty
of he States to act. As a question of
ricrht of iustice. of humanity, of law
and order, their duty has been quite as
nlatn. 'In anv effort on the part or the
States, the first resort was properly to
the Courts. That tailing, tneir mnua-
fin' aid of their civil power, -must
next be tried. In North Carolina, l
nri vised an earnest effort with both.
Had it succeeded, we. at least, would
hnVe PKcaoed the dausrer of another
military occupation by ! the United
States forces. ..The representatives in
Contrress. who look to the real interests
of thq Southern States, and seek to save
them from the evils of further.rn.ilitary
occupation, . have urged that a timely
resort to the civil tribunals of the Na
tion iniirht be first tried. In order to
nrpvoiit. if ..possible, the. -necessity' for
more: violent measures-, i That . is now
leiur fried. - Its success deiiends on the
cokiperation and good disposition' of
till"' J.Txi ( - '
party zeal i and bitterness is arrayed
aLiiinst it. ' Should it fail, the result
will quickly show that, in 18i1, so
now. the worst enemies of the Southern
people are those who assume to be the
special guardians of their intereste,.and
seek to ootruue upon tnem , vimun
TTnfortunately for North Carolina, its
Mature, at the late session, adopted
measures,. so flagrantly inconsiderate of
lilt; SI l Mill MJ1VM ull.-) aJivicTuu.ii-vn,! -
. a . 1 .If A 1
aggravation or the clangers anu umicui
tiwsnrrounding us; as to seem really
detiifmed for mischief. They were so
swift to repeal ; existing Estate laws for
the suppression of organized crime, that
it appeared as meant to encourage iikj
disnnlersand to shield the rerix'trators.
Th imnenehment of the : Governor of
the State upon no charges, except such
as - were connected with ! his efforts to
suppress such crimes by. the last resort
nf .state authority.1 seemed intended to
show the nation that it might place no
further reliance upon the :fcoutiiern
States, , either, for the protection of it:
citizens or the practical enforcepient o
k wsio'iitisil nnd ' fundamental ' princi
ples iupon which it had ! agreed, after
U.cA ritellion. . to re-admit them to
their former participation irithe genera
rmwrnmpnt Of the country. It woult
have been more prudent and just, to
havd fniinded; the impeachment iupon
his-having fx long permitted wholesale
scourging, murder and assassination to
continue, without a much earlier resort
(Wirv 'for 'their
y Jtl H1CU3U1V i '
suppression.- , , i.
, TnepQwrer to impeach and remove
the,1 Governor was believed to. have
been obtained .by organized ; violence,
and through the mast s atrocious , out
rages upon the persons of the ''Recently
enfranchisei Voters ; and by thhs plac
ing them uudersuch intimidation MVi to
practically nullify the operutioii of the
reconstruction policy which .the g
eminent had adopted for its own s
tv ' The removal of the Goverrior'fi
office by arstrict party vote, for his
forts to prevent such outrage ' iind
timidation; can be viewed ,n hut a;
- But the most serious aiiil dangerous
Ktei taken bv the lrislaturi?: 4 was its
refusal to provide, by the legislative
mode, for. the. few '.amendments to the
Constitution, which it .pretended .were
necessary; and its 'anxious and persis
tent efforts to ill the ieoplf together
in Conventions for the exeTeiwfsoyer.
rei'ni poweiv. It was oonsidreU- tw un
efTfirt tn u4K bsistilv tlie asceiidatHi-
r ..u-..rfdiirt iitIiilTOcrtnnrL.:-trt1'';-t',Ill
Tileteits desi&ni before the National fJilv
eminent or1 an aroused public sentiment
could have; time to suppress it. ; . i.
The failure to call the Coiiyentitm
tended somewhat, to allay, temporari-
lv the nvmrehensioii: lJut the renewal
of the elfort quickly followed, and in a
manner believed to be reyolutionaiy,
and in direct violation of what, was un
dersfood as provided in the constitu
tion. when it received the approval
Congress, preparatory to the read ml?
sionof the State to representation.
The refusal of the Executive of t
State to exK'ute the ; measure, and t
evnressed I opinion of "the Suprei
Judges that it was- unauthorized and
unconstitutional, gave, nope to w
riends of peace and onler that the renv
oi utionary attempt to involve theStattv
in further! trouble bad failed. !Tlis
tope was sieedily dissipated by the re-
adoption of the measure in . such ifortn
as not to require tlie Kxwutiye concur
rence, and to defy, temporarily at; least
both the I executive and judiciary
branches of the State Government,
To all this proceeding those who real
ly love and honor the State, can say on
ly this, that it was merely the acti6n
of an inconsiderate and reckless inajor-
t.v in tho Legislature. ; elected without
diselossing or intimating to the people
of the SUite, their violent and revolu
tionary designs. The people them
selves should not be held responsible
hv tlie National Government, nor sub
jected to harsh measures for what thCy
have never sanctioned,- ami wiuuf u
do no possible harm until they da sanc
tion it. The ' disposition and orderly
conduct of the people
t he testexl bv an election on the hst
Thursdav in next August.
T should be derelict in my ooiisrauo is
v ; . - . i i .a - J
of official duty, regardless of the threat
ened peace and interests oi our peop
oi l.invtj nno-rntofiii v reouitinsr i tne
honors which they have so olten con
ferred upon me. should l laii to my t
situation thus nakedly before :theAi,
and to warn them against the tUuiger,
from whieh thev vct have it m their
i ower to 'escape, we miouh mvi
. " in. ' i i.i k- :ki
iiffctrife aii1 violence. Another rest
to arms would be far more vindicti
ond morel riiiilOHS 111 its results, Ih
the worst! feature ot tlie late war
The revolutionary aspect of the pres
ent Convention movement is reader
more: prominent bv the circunvsta u
surround inr it. The! condition '.ot
. . . .
public mind, growing out ot the rob
Jl f A. 11. . A- ...... 1. -- . .4 4 "I 1 V
lion : tne nict mat oiu wusiuiiuuiif
it is, was so recently required to be
: 't
;d mHt(Ml to the approval of Congress, a
ttie. apprehension and anxiety oi i
Vli . .
Nationa tJOverilllieiU aooui oisoiuu
VV - M -1 i. .11 I..
111 4 1 WA iU wtir' this Ji .most Ulilit
time for a revolutionary experiment.
That it was undertaken without pre
viously consult ing the people or nolUy-
ingthem of the purpose, at a popular
election ;' the other ; simultaneous acts
of those who inaugurated it: the im
plication1 of many of them in the recent
crimes and disorders in the State ; their
open defiance of the Executive and ju
diciary Departments of the Govern
ment; and the violent zeal and reeK-
lessness Iwitii which the purpose mis
been pursued, 'all manifest a disposi
tion to precipitate changes and meas
ures, from which-the people would re
enil upon sober consideration, and re
gret under the instructivedevelopmehts
of time and calm reflection. j ,
There is about it a painful similitude
with the events of 181. Always here
tofore, in calmer times, when the ; pro
posed mode of calling a Convention has
been suggested, it nas oeeu so piuiuMv
lv and overwhelmingly repudiated in
ni. tate" that, it was considered too
well settled to le again undertaken,
even in the storm v councils, which
' - ' .a k
nnoriira ted the rebellion. Our best
ablest men. 'living and dead, of all pt!
ties, have repudiated it in the strongest
temis, as unconstitutional, ieoiuiyi.
ary and inadmissible.; ;
Mtirmlfl a rV.n vent ion be HOW asseiUl
bled under this niode, and allowed J to
take action upon the organic law of the
State,- the 1 validity ot its every aci
would be subject to question and doubt.
Totli in the Stale mid Federal Courts,
There would be conflicting Jurisdiction
and authority letween two sets of State
and county officers, and the whole bus
iness and property interests of tho ico-
ple become unsettled and 111 jeopardy.
This would n-ivc rise to a state of gen
eral contention and strife, which .we anV
in no condition to - settle, without thekjnjjia Convention to amend the JConsti-
utmost danger to the peace and good
order of society. This is the most un
propitious time in Our history for us to
venture upon sucn nazaru.
The restrictions, pretended to be im
1 on the Convent ion are oi nojoroe
vhatever. There is no tribunal Known
to our form of government, in which a
citizen could enforce his rights under
them, should he have any rights to en
force. ..Experience in. the troubles of
18G1, and since, has .taught the people
to distrust tlie good faith of men, en-
fa?red over-zealously!in revolutionary
projects and intent upon accomplishing
certain purposes-; ; -u - . - .
One of the most openly -avowed obi
jects in calling the Convention; is to
change our judiciary system, to put the
present iudges out of oflice and substi
tute other men in their. places. r.Nono
seem hold enough to deny -that the im
mediate effect would be the loss of the
homesteads. : secured by our present be
nificent and t humane laws. : . Scarcely a I
year .would elapse, before, the hornet
steads would be covered by executions
for the old debts,' froni which they are
a i; xvrfnMiel frrim '
families amid the tears of ' the helpless
and distressed. The capitationr,tar,i
which is now limited , to twd dollars,
would be. .increased ; to a burdensome
I extent -upon the iKXrer classes, aral col
lected irom wages, even tnougni suei
Wages might le-so meager as hardly td
fumisli bread to those dependent tin the
! bill j ' -. L -!
v I Without enumerating , j
fieenis enbnirh' to say, that
r, it
i public
jxki coum be accompiisnea oy-a vnr
ventioh, at this- time, even if legally
totted;, but tliat much, mischief j would
al most .certainly , result, and , dangers
of the riiost serious magnitude fall
upon us. If changes in the conHtitn
tion be really desirable, they should
be pastpxMied'ta calmer times, .or delib
erately considered and-submitted.. to
the' peopte,' separately, '.by the V&isla-t
tive mode; so wisely provided i lbr in
th old constitution; as 'well as iti thq
present constitution of thetate; . f ,
consatution was so recency i it tniircxi
ttW kibnlitted to the' appr6val"qf 'the
NationUl? Government ; the: unsettled
stite of the public mind ;Jthe Lstill un
develoiied results of the hew order of
affairs, and the zealous auxiety arising
out of the undxanipIeiM disorders in
maiiy loeiilities, , render it imprudent
and . unwise for any sof the Southern
States, yet, to attempt the experiinent
of amending their cohstitutiorjj by
Conventions of the peoples j ' ; ; - j
; .The manner in which some; of! the;
secession leaders and others seeiqlidis-;
pdsed to deal with the olyectiohaUle
features Of reconstruction , appeals to
considerate men at a distance as tlreat-;
ening continued disorders, and even a
conflict of races, unsettling business re-
ations and producing a general leeiing
of insecurity and uneasiness. ' :. j
The necessity lor furtner military
interference is apprehended. Capital,!
ever sensitive and careful,, keeps away;
kind and fostering legislation, byCon
is delaved : and the whole cofimtry
regards the situation with aitxiety! aiid
suspicion. The white people of the
South are engaged in a niostgravjp and
fatal mistake. Whatever evns may pe
incident to some features of theiRiecon-
struction policy; whatever there 'may
be of mal-aclmimstration in ioyem-
ment; whatever of. mortitication) anu
wounded pride at results ; it may be,
all,' best remedied by moderation,caliii-
ness and prudence, iet tne .coiortti
people become fully assured of the; good
i "i . . , .. " . , i j.i -r r
iaith ot the .whites t towarus uieui ui
justice and protection as citizens' and
they will then feel a common t j interest
in the welfare of the tate anu j most
readily heli every measure jOf npeclcd
reform. i I !' j r u
Any other course is. ruinous to us
at home, but more latal still in our
other relations and interests ine mi-
pression untbrtunately preyails;-,that
instead of moderation and sober reason,
tlie, " mob spirit" pervades the! South
ern States. . -. . .' ft
cannot believe that the soberi solid
rnfii oi.riN orin varouua win uugi-i itui
t( appreciated the situation. jThey
sliould improve the p'resent occasion to
--r 11 '.i t ; If i .511 ,.nlr.W fn 5 I
Vindicate themselves betore tiiejcoun-
trv. bv voting 'down the Convention
proposition, submitted lu a manner so
- - ' . . . . - i . . .
1 nnd rto sav the least) of
such questionable legality. ? j . ! :
in tunes oi tumult, evil uisimjsou mm
unworthy men are thrown upon the
surftice and gain temporary power lor
mischief. Cion the restoration of quiet
and order, classes and men return to
their proper level, and the-soDer-niiuu-ed.
wise and good are enabled to.. re-
Jnme the direi'tion of affairs. There is
nothing had in ihe present! condition
erf North Carolina that would not find
Ktwedv reined v. if turbulence and
lawlessness in action and counsel-could
be made to cease. Capital, enterprise.
and 'beneficent national le gislation, and
till that makes up the 'common jwcalth,
welfare and advancement of a! people,
are watchfully awaiting an oppojrtuni-
tv to eome to us. h ! V
The result or our election in ifvuusi
will be taken as a test of the real f spirit
'... .. " . 1 L' J. I .4-
.in.! iicnos;itifn of the -masses i or -our
tit., x... j - . , .
neoole. tv the Convention is voieo
finwn u will be. contidentiaiiy cegar
declas a popular rebuke to restless and
disorderly agitators, which I will ren-
.lhmn harmless for the tuture; and
restore the supremacy of local Govern
ment a iiii law. - . !
For the i?iiivlin:i El a
'' The fourth day.of July was celebra
ted in Salisbury. vote
pfthis county is thoroughly orgamzeti.
Over one thousand voters were present were made by: Col. iW. 'F
llendei-son and Col. T. B. Long.vhich
met the approbation of ' the Kexiibli
eans. but displeased V the Cbnvientibri
partv no little. After the speaking
closed, the following gentlemen! were
apppintetl to draft resolutions express-,
iVe of the selise of thej meeting: 1 S.'II
Wilev. W. FJ llendei-son, Dt. AV. JtlV
iTowerton. Joseph Ballard, find Pink
nev ..Hall, who .shortly thereafter,
through their Chairman, Col. W. F.
Henderson, 'reiorted the following res
olutions, which were-;7 unanimously
adopted: : . '.' f-
1. jiexolvcd; Tliat , we tho Republicans of
Ilftwan eountv. believe tlie mcxtOi iid()ptea
l.v tho Toisliitnre of 'North Carolina for
tutionofthe. State, ! to Ue; uncojlstiButionai
and revolutionary that wo are sustampd
in this opinion hvsneli statesmen asOaston,
Fisher, : Itnffiu, lligg and others,! whose
names are anions the rcvereil ami honored
men, ill ark frig the' history of their da. , .' ,
2.'That tliose'Vhb favor' the? foposwl
method ofcallirtga .Convention-,; dflgin our
opinion, promote Revolution; arid that the
proceedings of the Legislature for the years
ISM, 1SC(), and 18()1, fully confirm the pwi
tion wo occupy on this question, j . jj : '.H j
3. ' That avq call upon all good Citizens re
gardless of party to unite with us inj voting
down the proposition to. Jiave a invention
called in this unconstitutional manner.;. ;
4. Tliat 'these prot'eeding.s l)e; puhlished in
The Old NorthSSYae. the Era and all other
mpers oppobed to-the manner in Which it i'
A vote of thank were teiidertil the
Chairman r Col. Long, ,and to i tlie , fcjecri
retary, It. II. Broadheld Lsq., jfor the
manner lit which thevVllscharged their
iliiiit-r. - m - f i (
.The meeting then adjourned.
ir THOS. B. LpNGi.C?
- Vi."
It. II. liiiOADFiELD, Bec;yN
Hls'Excellency,' the Goveriibr;
pointed thef Hoh. 3x
county, -a Notary Public,
liXOti oi- reen
'II ? t
- ill
EniTOti Ek,V Dear, 6r.vTJie Ci)n-
munist," Ku Klux and " noivtaii
twenty dollar lawyers" held i their
Convention, here on Saturday last, to
nominate a candidate for a seat. in the
made no speecli for the reason dio did
not. know, how, fBuggiScott,!j fwas
made Secretary.. u Bugg" cpcludejl, as
long as the Chairman ulid pot make a
speech, he would : ' says he, fellow-citi-'zens
it seems as if our bretheren ha
got sceered about the infurnal.1 bill
passed, by Congress to keep ; the' Ku
KJux froni whipping and -..hanging
folks for voting the Republican ticket,
but here is one that cannot be sceored.
urea t: a up ia use. ; : x u. vn 1 1 1 1 1 uv
am iu hopes you will not take; this
Ismail meeting as an indication -or our
strength in the county. (.roans.
"Bugg" continued, Fhave been af can
didate for lo these many years, I jliave
wprked for the party, done all the dirty
work, and it has never nave oei .in
dicated by my reveling a' singlel vote
that the people wanted me to repivsent
them.- I hope you will nominate: me
the CVuiventiou.: will certainly
be'defeatedj and If cannot in that event
do'-yoii'any harm. Go it "Bugg.'f said
Dr.'Taplv, the old Ku Klux; Bugg
continued, I forgot my speech wnicn
Master Joe Turner wrote. -for me and
this is all I.know mys.elt, and uown ne
sat, to the satisfaction oi every one.
A very light can was niaue iur inuc
"Jimmy? uranam:
driven out of the Garden of Eden, and
his family increased to
the inalienable right to call
- my . .
tion to inake a Constitution
nied for an hour to prove before we
had a Constitution that we had a right
tn-mnke one. Said over, apartoi.iat
John's speecli , on Friday Jones and
rm mn (nisi v liuin iu uanvi n cia.vv
mTe eighteen years ago. The crowd
showed signs of disgust and weariness
o-et. ome one to stop V. Jimmy."
The next on hand;. was the aforesaid
Parker. He said he was alawyer, and
if he was a twenty dollar lawyer, he
was as good a man. as anybody. He
won id illustrate, fot instance: said the
captain of the Ku Klux, of this county
was ' a' ! twenty ' dollar ? lawyer,' and he
stood as high as any body if he did run
away -last- summer. ,-jThei cro wd could
stand this no; longer,;! and one old Ku
Kiiiv b-ot, up and offered ; three cheers
for the man who iws muntiig a coun
trv where " hemp ' did not grpw.,
The " scalawag',' coutinued ; What do
hut. the "twenty dollar lawyers.
rcrroiiia from l)r" Taplv root d(x;tor
from Stinkiiig inarter and 'cheers
from Tnsr. the captain of the JvU iviux.
a fter a. few more remarks.44Bugg" Scott
gave him a wink and a sign. Dr. Stoore
the revelator grunteil and poor Parker
subsided. i-r. luuiiiguinc i man with but little intellect
and many pills got up. He read a funny
Piece irOIll lll X ,. HIIIV" vuucvn
. - i i rt-il 1 .. 1 .... 1 .... 1 lnnfiirirul
oi laughter. ine in: luwnni wniuw.
her. hi head, looked daggers at
Murray hi opponent for tlie nomina'
firm nnrl Kfl id in substance. J I am no
more a heathan than f Jim Boyd (who
wrote this piece, holding the. paper in
his hand he declared that Bob No well
could write a better piece any day and
for his part if they did not quit writing
about him and " Virtuous" . Jimmy
ach" be would hurt some body. nr.
niv was next called on. lie arose,
,ked mad said he was a candidate
first, and should have had tne nomina
iim. i if he had known that an! old
winV would : ntmin come the "grab
game," he Penix, would see the whole
of them at Davy Jones locker before he
would be made a "cats paw" of, j any
irmcrer to null the chesiiuts out for Gov.
Graham and Joe Turner who had made
Hvinff hv abusing Democrats. He
o-ot mad: took his liat anu leii. i
o . . . . .
Penix, it is thought, ; will le an inde-
pendent candidate, u so ne wu wow-
t.... q hut fnur 111 f hi . COillltV
except tne ... twenty --""ill '-7.
.in.i thK Umliiim Family who are m
. ' . i, ill. J . 1 1 1 . . . lniiMniJ''
fatw nf i rv.nvention.; Well, may it
be so, for nearly every Conservative in
the enuntv who has land, enough has
had his Homestead layed off and those
whi. ha ve not ex'pect to live by getting
office and having the honest 4 J republi
cans to work for them for nothing;:
, : Old Union Max.
; Graham, N. C., July 3, 1WI.
For the Carolina Em.
1 uu GUN-BOATS." i '
a rrr-iir il'pntion. in inv.ittdimeniv
A r5-" i ' " " I-
never-.prat;tieed on. any peopiiv tnart. tliat
which , the Cou ventioniste are attempting
to practice on the people ofTorth Carolina
lot the present time, in .regard tto the pro-
;pised legislative restru-tions oyer uie.pow
,A-i-tj"krt 1
It very forcibly rem ind.4 me or wiua we
i 4 , v . i 1 T
iso often heard during the war.'' Whenever
the Southern Army Mixtaincd f enoils de-
.feat and was oomK!lled to 'fall, liacki wo
Hvere sure to , be told by i theso satne.iogi
fciaus MQh Uiese .little rewrHes t are j much
Wter for us in every way. v;e only want
to get them from their gun-hoats I. f
! Talk al unit the powers of a legislature
Wihtt-ol the action bf a Convention ! '?
tin Aliuin1itv It the icreuture greater
it fi-esitor Who. can ixMjsiblyiVeiievo ai
doctrine ?r Ko one. furely. If the
TvisiLita're' liatf the' 'ooweW1 rlaiiried ; for
the shonld i be made by j the legislature
without resorting, to the.nupes,CHJtarJ f
iprise ot callincr a Convention. i .
( f Moreauon. " ,, '! ' " ' K.'
For the Kni.
revolutionary unconsUtutiona! Con voli
tion ealled by Joe . Turners 'hands."
MrT Mebane a trim stviih. looking ;aris-
was called to the enair. tie
got up, looketl kuowmg, pusneu upi"s resoluUoiis, which were
sleeves, and asked tor a driiiK 01 water, adopted: ,
jimmy, openti .ii.h ""x whareas. at the last session
ArTtim was first made, and alter newas T t.ioinnccivi
Jimmy tooK ; tne uia? auu.BiuF. Governor, might govern himself accoi;-
Thas ended oneof the meanestspeeches Jiinffly prefound lawyers and
ever listened to by any one. . f emment Judges declarexl said, law tobe
While "Jimmy" was speaking, a v)ieomtitutiotl and, whereas, tho late
fellow by the name of Parker,1 a , seal- chief Justice Huftin in a lkter, writU u
lawag" if carpet-bagger'? from Harnett, jn im Qn ihQ suhoct, of nj Convention
was going through the crowd trying to vi.ic-oH un mannpr now propose! to
I care for homesteads?!, I never expect i""' "''";"" V i
to have one. What do if care forTany- The Committee then .reported .the
thin-? I havo lio interest in the coun- names of T. W. Patters-ai and Hon.
trv " All I Wiint is to make new laws, John VMv I.indsiiy as candidate, for,
so that nolKxly-iauimiderstiind. them Convention.- These 'gentlemen were
it.KtnvenUoiii.(aeariy JWseles;Hlpriu:4j perrU no'tnisietrano: mo wmndorhtuy!
tordWt the doctrine in review, the former deeeiYPd. by. tlie , fwe viet ai. thp (, ,
1$ ' cloSied with greater power ' than the very same Parti, that in ISO) and lsOl prer .
fatter,? and by eoniequenc, vwrh a taverj cipitated Hir' country iulo laU Ufwnilwar,
amendmcntsiare necessary to ihe. Constta . tbfborror of wicb we ,;Hl .Pptjnow;r
ti6ilfand'sub'mitted to a : vote' bf the people attempt to portray. But we , would ask '
Oive WHaret one time, - - r- $1 00
" "I ;,tljrpeineir,;.ii- - '
A square U the width of ' a column, and U
.mdv deep '.Iff. . !ti M .1. I n
1 Coulraet AdvcitiseuieuU tkiwt
proportionately low rat?.
' 4. 1 J . . ' .
Professional CaKlA. i
, notcxcccHlin 1 wpinre,
I 1 i fA "
will b nublishetl one Tftir for ?1.
nliMiMl' 1 '
1 '
(in SiitunlaNvJirnTliii 'iiutspaiiw' !
to a t-aU fiiOiPU iMiry' JCimrti vp !
Commute; tin' ' JlmhlKiiiiH in mass
asseinbltMl iit"WVntnVnth,to n6ininate
candidates totMinoseCVmvi'utinn and ir
ifornVa'ididiiiriiiMUiw-i tli .will ttf
i . . ii.iu., i . . j
iXMU'Oriuvinj': ana uiwiiikuiii jm-jiiii-? tu.
Ux'kinjrliam wunty. i '
,:TIu nuvtiiiAvas cidll tMrUr Jy
Gen. i..lA;J)uj;las:''ltirituiii ol'ilio
Count, .(vutive: CXunniitt.i avIhi
unhiinatkl Thus. .Allaxlaiu t lor clniir
nian. WillUini X-mdcr ajid.ll. S, Ho
lrts vr'niade8c,erctar!iv."
ihx niriHon,' a cohmiittcc of tvo from
e-.ii'h town-hip were -afriointctl hyWie':'
chair to frame a platform,!; ami- report
us dclenits. TJio conimUtco
rhos. latlord
Township to; U. John underden,
Township No. 4. T. Wi Patterson.
Township No. 1). M. Malloy,
Anderson. SHtle.v:: I
Township No. (ien.
S. A.
1.,.. V....K iLill.ii...i.
ia, xzirri iai j . t .,
.Township ISO. ... 11.
Aaron GallowaV. 1 '
During the absem'e of the uommittee
the Convention, was favored hy speecheH
from Hon. John 31. Liudsay aiaf others.
Mr. landsavTs speech was a masterly
one, conipletely exlosing the fallacy of
the arguments brought forward in fa
vor of Conventions .
At theclose of Mr. Lindsay's remarks,
the committee reported through their
chairman, Gen. Douglas, the following ,
of j the
calling on
civing to a mere maionty a m
which by the Constitution is reservel to
two-thirds or the iegisiature; anu,
whereasjin an opinion given hy thqCh ief
Justice'and three of his associates, of the
Supreme Court, tb Gov.iC'aldWe.l In
answer to an inquiry as to tho oraisti
f pi
lis to be uneomtitutloncit fthd unauthor
isel; and, whereas,1 many other end nent
lawyers have held and do now hold
the, ..same opinion as the gentlemen
mentioned aboye : Therefore bo it . , x
: xRexolved,'. That tlie Itepublic.u party
of Ttockinghani are opiKsel to Call i ng
a Convention in the proposed maihier
- Ft. . 1-1 - i?
because they peneve ii to ikv mntmit
tut tonal. :t , .1 : .;fi ;i. -U'
Jlasohrd, That they - are . opposed to
calling a Convention further, because
it threatens the Homestead which is
guaranteed to the poor man byVthe
. Mr.. Patterson in a few brief remarks
accepted the nomination and - .the. plat
form, but Mr. TJndsay stated that the
lit . . : . . ...... a
bad state of his neaitu wouio prevem
his accepting, and that with- regret he
was compelled. to decline. That his
warmest synipatmw am jwuuiwi iiiv
..Uli . .11-11 M'lwiU-'l 111'
WC1C 111 JMl , 111.'.. f , T .
was able he would address the --'people,
in opposition to the -proposed Conven-tion-'f
:-(-- - ! V
The Committee then reported the
name of Thos. A. Itagland, which wlis
receivetl with cheers. Mr. Itagland in;
a4 few brief and pointkl remarks ac-.
cepted the unanimous nomination ten-
dered, ana placed .nuiHcii squaiviy on
the platform.. ... ; -,H'h-.t. .... ; :'.''
On motion the following gentlemen
were requested to assist tliic;tn(lidatc's
in the canvass; 1:1 1
Col. It. M. Douglas, Hon. Johnj M.
Lindsay, Dr. Winchester, (ien. SJ.A.
Douglas. Dr. John D. .Scales, ( apt.
Spaulding.' ? . ;- ' ' '!'".-
' A motion made and pAsscd that the
iirrlina. Kta. and GroenslrfW lie-
publican ) rejuestexl , t publish the - j
proceedings of the .Convention1; .
The convention uieji. ujyourneii.
:'s ,T r chairm
B. S. HonKKTs, ! K.
, , . , ; . ; . , ;H;Fui-llioaroJIuA Era.
, ' JOHNSTON, COUNTY. ..i ', .r. -
Avliat has iKvoinc'of! the - fire-tried
Uiiioii men of old Johnston - in these
days of wihl frenzy for a Oinvention
to. inaugurate anotner revoiuinui .
Where are. the . 1 1 InnauK . the Coati-:!,
the Duncans, the JHasseys, anu. a, hom
of others, who espoused the cause oi
peace! h 1 mi ? H jJeak ' t jut i ' Tu r n iu t
and ralso your iaces against this rev
olutionary ; measure, .which threatens
your homesteads, you luyrucs,, anu
your all. ' ' "' 1 . ' ' .
Urge John eoais unu irv:un
Ilinnaiit. to takethe7?tump. and can-
jvass against Convention. Jack.
ii; in ;;M -::. -'-''I ' F,ir the Carohna Ef.'t,
, 1MITK1HV) Jf; C, ilH10 29, iK7i) j;
JiDinxedr JtiK,! 1 nd in your Usuft, j
Jane22adrt IWI.tlU; regard to ,tJi0Chii)Qd I
will ; .Query: .Waa U property diviJl,
wcordingj to thelerm of tlie. V Uf T 1 1 1 an
te welr'it was no't. if it hiul , een, there, wnjihl
have been 17-ls or an eiepnani ieu, wiwiwn
n 1Vnl- refviwi'tlio! exai't ' part 'allotted
to him. i! .:; i- it s. ! , w t u
;, We are doingHvhat j wo can . V. -.ift-ulatp i
yduh excellent paper ; find by. so doing,
we'think.we are doing what WO1 'n'ftm the
to see jneu, uiiiou. men, (if theyy under-J;
stood1 tneriifieivcs1 aright) suftbriilg' Iheni-
thei one QUewtlort i 'itWe yoke forljolten
tkemiall Vse paaie JiQX a reiaj ;?..5i v -..j
appointed was as follows : J '
Township. "No. 1 Boerillard,
1 1
t he people to ote for or 'again.H 'IJon-
nine, ne Jiau i rwi . fll f.VAnf5nn (, u iie.!
a COllven- ou a m.,inritv Khoiild vote, tlms
xt n i w wu..iV..v T
. lip ill 1 i.ri-nr - a moro HflflUlrilV !1 liOWel i
I I 111 IV ! . . ......v.... ......
tutionalitv of the law so l that he, vthe
I I 111 1,1(11 V4 tllVA v w- ; ' .
I iiiuai( i Vinwt ifn t ..
noiiunaied. :
tolrmod of our. comjtry, as we. think weru ,;j
kVhat in great need of sucli. truthful hwrl;;
than 1 ing utf your ValuabloHpilpei ltlonl., ' " 'j .
ny J lt i reUly, prqvokiug-'uii lK7U.anaUS71l ;
I lk.iJ.i .kh ltlnilWil UTJMmi .A. I. ..- . .
-. i
:' I.

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