I - :
v.- ..f .
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RALEIGH N". C.j THURSDAY ' AUGUST 3rd, 1871.
. ; : ; ; rr-; t t i -
. i-4 3 '
' - -
t Wj 'f
The Rutherford Vindicator, calls us
"Cousin." We cannot remember,
just now, what particularly mean thing
; we have done, recently, that Erwin of
the Vindicator should claim kin with
HOW THEY SLAY EACH OTHER.
A NEW DILEMMA.'
PROM THE PEOPLE.
It, is amusing-, says the Old Aorthl The Convention act undertakes to
State, to see how the great lawyers, bind the delegates in the proposed Con-
whose opinions have been invoked on
the constitutionality of the Conven
tion, destroy each other. First comes
A correspondent writes:
' Northampton county is wideawake upon
the Convention question, and will give the
largest vote against a Convention that has
ever been given upon any subject. The Re
publicans have selected for their standard
4iearers James W. Newsom and Noah R.
Odam. You may bet high on old North
Another says: '
"Old Warren is all right. Every Town
ship in the county will give a large majority
against Convention. Many of the white
voters meet us at nearly all of our mee tines.
and we believe they will eo asainst this
Gov. Graham, the originator of the
present plan, who bases his opinion on
the distinction between the original lithe Homestead may be sold
Revolutionary measure, which the Conserv- I ening their dearest rights, will vote to-
loyal people of
atives are trying to force upon the ood and I othPr
JNortn Carolina." I - "7 .
, A SHABBY TRICK.
The Conservatives cannot hope to
carry the Convention election, by any
other than fraudulent means. The
prompt and vigorous action of the gov
ernment, against the Rutherford Ku
Klux will cause them to suppress for
the time their disposition to resort to
violence, to carry their point. The col
ored vote of the State,it is well known,
is a solid unit against Convention, and
a large majority of the white laboring
population is of the same mind. The
colored voters, and that portion of the
white voters which was stigmatised have'done so
before the war, by the present leaders ejet comes Mr. Moore who donj't
of the Conservative party, as " the poor see the distinction, but meets it by say
white trash" finding their interests ing that the section is destitute of all
identical, and a common danger threat- obligation. 3Ir. Moore, who is by far impose on themselves,and thus exempt
kA- .1 1. 1 1 ' I I TT 'A 3 f ;
me uuiust uuu must xearneu. lawyer, j very owner oi ayioniesisxui iroiu pay-
by, his construction deprives . Gov. ing any taxes at all. This would be to
.1 !11 I Li. 1 ' I ' J . - A. ' : IT- 1
,uieir auvajiiage n ii is irue, a uiey, ai-
Extract from Gov. Caldwell's Message.
v It is in the interest of peace, quiet, and
public order, and to prevent probable
w. ""v, ity, that I invoke the General Assem-
Homestead provision irr the Constitii- bly to relieve me from the embarrass
tion. Tliat provision allows the Home ment of my present position, The Go v-
stead to be sold for taxes. The great 1 ernmentisofthe people and for the rjeo
w r un jr. km- ple, .and upon a just occasion, and m a
WHAT IMPEACHMENT i COST A RARE
7 ; - AND EXPENSIVE BOOK. 7
and modified proposition of Mr.Meares,
now section .1 of Article XIII. The
modified section leaves the power wiih
the people, according to this under
standing, while the original would not
jHow will i they prevent it if they call
ja Convention, the members of which
must be sieorn not to interfere with any
part of the Homestead clause in the
, Constitution ; and by virtue of that
clause, as all know,the Homestead may
be sold for taxes. '
They may, no doubt, disregard 1 the
oath which they have .undertaken to
Under this head, the Charlotte BuL
Ulin, a Conservative paper of the Jack
son stripe, gets off the following : , t
"Attorney' General Akerman, in a late
pooch at Weldon, significantly foreshad
owed the policy of the Administration up
on the question of a possible-collision be
tween the present government of North
Carolina and one that might be born of this
illegally proposed Convention. He .quoted
Chief Justice Taney as having expressed
the law when he said tliat it rests with Con
gress to decide what government is the es
tablished one in a State. He also said that
it was his opinion that Mtho present National
Executive, finding two so-called govern
ments in the field, would uphold tliat one
of them which Con grew had recognized, un
less he found that it had been lawfully su
perseded by the other. The issue is one
of great gravity. -
-WW J a m
witn tnese will act many persons,
heretofore classed as Conservatives, who
cannot be swerved from their;, honest
convictions upon the present issues,
even by the clamorous denunciations
or social proscription of those who call
themselves their friends, nor by the
still more potent influence of their.own
prejudices againt the Republican party.
Many of these will quietly vote against
Graham, and those who agree with
him, of the premises from which they
reason, and lets their whole argument
fall to' the ground and vanish into
airy nothingness. I
Next comes Messrs. Bragg and Mer
rimon, who have profited by the
dissensions of the others, and who,
consequently, have to find a different
basis for their argument. They pro
claim, almost without argument, that
that I the Homesteads and alii: the
4 - - iS
taxable property in the1 State be
longs to the Conservative party. But
upon this policy, who would pay the
taxes of the State and county govern
ments. Of necessity, such taxes would
Jail upon j the white and black poll
jof the State, or upon those property
holders! who own more than a Home
ptead. The constitutional limitation,
that the poll tax shall not exceed Two
lawful way. they have an undisputed
right to change it. No one vill be less-
likely than I to interpose captious ; ob
jections to the mode or manner of ef
fecting such changes, as are proposed! by
the representatives of the people, or as
may be in accordance with a distinct, de
finite and deliberate popular will expres
sed upon this subject. But it cannot suc
cessfully be denied that the mode . now
proposed is novel and irregular (to use
no stronger term:) that it has no ex
press1 warrant or authority by any pro
vision of the Constitution ; that it;, is
sustained only by a latitudinous stfid
strained interpretation of a general
phrasci in that instrument ; that it isf in
tne lace of contemporaneous exposition
and decision of the same question in the
Convention of 1835, by the ablest men,
and by a very large majority, of that
body ot pure and upright and eminent
citizens ; mat it nas ueen more usau
The : Books of the Auditor's T and
Treasurer's offices show tliat thef-Im
peachment Trial cost the people of the
State; the. enormous sum, of sixty-one
thousand five hundred and forty-eight
dollars and' fifty-five cents. Here are
the items: i r
THE SUPREME COURT UNANIMOUSLY FA
VOR THE HOMESTEAD THE APPOINTEE
OF GOV. CALDWELL FAVORS THE WISE
PROVISION OF THIS LAW-CHIEF JUS
TICE PEARSON IN ACCORD WITH THE
COURT ON THIS QUESTION WHO ARE
THE FRIENDS OF THE POOR MAN ? '
Three extra lawyers. 44 days, -' " $ 3,000.00
Reporting, 1 man and stan 44 days. . 4.375.00
rnnimg ana succmng,
Paper, V-' -
Pay of witnesses. . ' .
Pay of members, 170 at $5 per day,
fay or clerks, door-keepers, etc.,
Fuel and lights $24.00: . 44 cords
. , 200.00
Add, . for a clerk , and messenger
for the lawyers,
And we have C
Gov.. Graham, Gov. Bragg and Judge
jVLernmon received at the rate of $2.74
per day each for their Services to help
seven other leading Conservative law
yers, appointed bv the House: to pros
ecute Gov. Holden. . ? Seventeen thou
sand eight hundred and thirty3dollars
of this money was Wasted 'or given
away to party favorites. Three thou
once determined,and I supposed finally sand of it to extra hightpriced javyers
themselves, in the third section of the dollars, would have to be, and would
Declaration of rights, "the sole and ex- be, repealed to carry out this idea of
elusive right of altering and abolishing jthe Conservative party, and a large
their Constitution and form of govern- class of men, who are claimed to be Con-
ment" : whenever they , may think ervatives, would live and die exempt
The anti-Conventionists. of Caswell
county, had a big barbecue and speak
ing at Yancyville Saturday the 22d.
There was an invitation "extended to
the Convention voters, but not one .of
them appeared on the platform.
Fully 2000 people were present and
much enthusiasm prevailed.
Caswell will redeem herself on the
3rd of August. t
The people are all against revolution,
and are satisfied with the Constitution.
The county was carried at the special
Convention. Thousands of them will
stay at home and not vote at all. It the people, "in terms," reserved to
was to intimidate this class of men,
through their fear of social ostracism,
if they should honestly vote upon the
conviction of their judgments, for the
Republican cause, that the plan of com
pelling every voter to vote in his Town- proper to do so. But a very brief ex- from taxes. The laboring classes of both
ship, was adopted ; thereby enabling the amination of the section shows that if colors, who own no Homestead, are not
Conservative inquisition to scrutinise the people have reserved to themselves iikely to submit to this new fashioned
each ballot influence every voter who this power, they have in the same sej- System of taxation. If property, to
may be inclined - to vote the Republi- tion, reserved "the sole and exclusive such an 'amount, should be ex
can ticket, and if he had previously right to. regulate the internal govern- mpt from taxes, why tax a man's
voted with the Conservatives, to con- ment and police of the State" also. So bead ? TLet the Conservatives, as they
demn and mark him for punishment, this argument proves too much and de- seem disposed to do. put this ball in
If he should vote a Republican ticket, stroys itself. paotion; and where will it stop ? Those
But the Conservatives are not satisfied Next comes Hon. D. M. Barringer tcho do not own property are in a very
with this enginery, which may be used who attempts to strengthen Gov. Gra- large majority in North Carolina, as
determined, by the action of both po
litical parties, represented by their best
men in the General Assembly, ; before
the war. This being ,the case; and the
public mind still being sensitive to the
slightest cause of alarm and apprehen
sion for the continuance of peace within
our borders, and our people praying
every day and hour of their lives that
they may never see again the scenes! of
commotion, strife, bitterness and blood
to help, seven .others appointed .by the
House who, ; it seems,!
. Twelve thousand nine
ninety dollars for making
proceedings and. speeches1 in the case,
which the people will never see, unless
they;buy it from the Coaservative lTir
The Supreme Court 'delivered an
opinion last week,; of very groat and
vital importance to the people of ' the
State. ;lt declares, that the reversiona-,
ry interest in a Homestead, cannot be
sold to satisfy any debt.' Tfie Court was
wianimoius in thU opinion, thus putting
to rest all suspicion, that any member
of the Court, was not thoroughly in
accord with the previous decisions of .
tins tribunal upon the same subject.
The Homestead right of the people, .
is now upon a solid and permanent
foundation provided the people let
, $61,898.55 this good liepublictm work alone. .
They, have : nothing to gain by a
change and everything to J6se.
A bira ijf the hand is worth two in '
the bush ; and the" Homestead is safer
with such a Court as we have, which
has again decided it .to annly to old
debts, than ' it would bo-ii-ieft to the
tender mercies of B. F. Moore, Judge
Merrimon and Gov. Bragg, as Supreme
Court Judges. ,These' gentlemen le-
lieve and avow that so far as old debts
couldn't help are concerned, the Homestead cannot
- V V . . Y A - . 1 . . V
appiy. 13V long nauu ana Dy moral
hundrcdwtnd l-tendencies which they cannot control,
a book of tho they are'the friends of the creditor
class and the enemies of the poor
debtors of the country. The collec
tion and coercion of debts -has been
the making of their fortunes. Their
moral theory is that a poor debtor who
cannot pay, is, in a degree only, less
. Is not this monstrous,1 in the present
bankrupt condition of the State ? Will
shed thrOugn which they have so recent- it be tolerated in a , party which got criminal than a thief, and that the sum
Jy passed: that while they have decided into power upon false promises of econ- of all villainies and Ithe climax of human
under the forms of law. They propose
openly a more dangerous -.expedient,
which, it Is our purpose to warn the
ignorant and honest colored voter, es
pectally, against. .
ham's position by quoting Messrs.
Fisher, Swain and others against Mr.
Meares' original proposition when ii
was under discussion In the Convention
of 1835. But the recorded debates do
they are everywhere. Inject into the
people this new Conservative. doctrine, est circumstance will be seized upon, as
that property, above the Homestead,
must pay all the taxes, and the mud
sills of society, in .the Conservative as
TrioVa fWf nnnmoornwfmtr .Tiiri- omv. retrenchment andireform ? I depravity, is reacneu- by every debtor
Li TA i-ii -ri i - I TKo Prvncnri'ofliTQ noYfir ia all.nnu'or. I Who inHlsrA linon th KhOltOr linn nrO- .
able to another : that one kind of covin- fl in the State now. -They can make tection of the Republican homestead
a . j . ' ii nu ha laiira - f haw nan nnntml iha flnonnu amtnfif. nmrm dphtfl lir Olfl fitom (lpnt.4
pr there is vet no nrevailinff reason whv of the State-they can depose and turn which the merchants to Whom they
J X ' . I - . a it m m M 40 I J I i , . I I
they should again buckle on their sa- out every puDiic omcer m ine ataie n are uue navo loiig wiiipruimswi
bres, shoulder their muskets, and at the they choose, and they should, therefore, at a song. Stand - the Republican,
ooint of their bavonetsand at the mouth justly be held accountable; to the people Constitution of the State, which .pro
of their cannon, enforce their -views pf for their profligate and ruinous expen- vides for your protection ! btand by
what ought to be the Constitution upon diture. No wonder they had to almost the present Supreme Court, which has
UOUUiC U1C UUV lO IIlWl UlCUeiUlUlUa.Ul I alV411 cu nifvv juut iuuiahj niitiii
their reckless extravagance. ' 1 be exempt from execution, for old
Tf thev naid as we have proved, i debts, and vote against Convention, if
twelve thousand nine hundred and you would effectually do these; things.
ninety dollars for one single book how.
much would they . make a Convention
cost the people? Arguing from the
foregoing established facts.not less than
their dissenting neighbors, as each par
ty undertook to do in lebi . t
i A feeling of doubt and uncertainty
as to the future, exists in North Caro
lina. There is some reason why lit
should exist. And therefore the slight
election for Senator and iRepresenta- the tion by paying them extra wages
tives, by the Ku Klux. It will not be on that da or by Promising them ex
sothis time. The people will vote tra entertainments of meat and drink-
without being munlered or whipped, barbecues, Ac, to seduce them away
irom ine pons, uei no coiorea or wmte
laboring man listen to any such propo
sals. Let our candidates and canvass
ers, every where, warn the people against
These they purpose to keep aicay from hot sustain Mr. Barringer in all he saysl well as the Republican party, will be
KU KLUX INVESTIGATIONS.
We learn from the Rutherford .Star
. of the.22d, that the trials before coxa
missioners Scoggin and Wilson contin-
Ku Kluxing are now in jail, and not a
day passes but some misguided man is
arrested and tried, or voluntarily comes
in and confesses the. nnrt he has acted
in the organization. j .
Our county, with the exception of the
loss of a number of parties who have
taken French leave, is becoming quiet,
and we predict tliat in a few weeks old
Rutherford will be herself again.
. Thanks to the government that sent
us protection, and to the oflicers in our
county who were ready and willing to
do their duty, when they were assured
protection from midnight assassins.
The No Convention voter that re
mains at home on the day of election,
adds one vote for Convention. Go to
the polls and vote.
w a m -
11 is claimed, nowever, tnat tie was a
member of that body and that his
memory, or recollection, of what transi
pired is entitled to great weight. But,
unfortunately for this claim," the jour
nals show that Mr. Barringer obtain
ed leave of absence for the remainder
of the session on the 26th of June,
ready enough to
accept it, and to act
this trick. Moreover, let these Conser while the discussion, which he profess
vative conspirators beware, lest they ses to quote, did not take place until
dig a pit into which they themselves the 9th of July the subject of amend-!
may fall. . j ments not coming Up at all until the
Any man who pays another addi-I 6th of; July. He was in Philadelphia opened the discussion at Lea's
tional wages on the day of election, or when the debate took place, and knew
We spoke to a large, respectable and
attentive crowd at Lea's store, in ; Ala
mance county, on Thursday last, 27th.
We had the pleasure of; meeting. and
renewing our acquaintance with sev
eral gentlemen from Caswell "Shd Ala
mance, with whom, in formeV days,
we had served in the legislature We
any thing at all, for tie purpose of
keeping him away from the election,
or furnishes him with meat or
drink to keep him away from the elec
tion, is guilty of bribery, or an attempt
to bribe, under both the State and Fed
eral laws. Let the parties who pur
pose to practice this unlawful and flagi- about it, while
tious trick, upon the rights of the peo- law all agree
pie, be marked, prosecuted and punish
ed, as they "deserve to be. Any one
who advises that such practices are not
indictable, is either ignorant of the law,
or means to induce others to obtain
votes in a way which will certainly
bring them into trouble.
as little of it as he who knew least.
The fact is plain that the friends of
and were replied to by Capt. James
A. Graham, whom we found to be' an
intelligent courteous and dignified
foreboding evil, by the sober, steady
men and women of the State. For th$y
yet remember and feel the agonies jof
slaughtered or crippled sons,of , widow
ed daughters and orphaned children,
and deplore the loss of ravaged and des
olated homes and ruined fortunes.
The trivial coincidence of the month
and day of the proposed Convention
election vfith certain other inauspicious
days and months in the dark period bf
bloodshed, crime, and overthrow bf
political relations and' institutions, in
augurated with as fair promises as are
now made in this same month ten
years ago, will be remembered. It
will be remembered also that the very
day, April 13th, on which the propos
ed election is to be held, is the anni
versary of the bombardment of Fort
Sumter, and the commencement of the
war. Slight : as these circumstances
are, the people will attribute to them
great significance, as indicative of ulte
rior ana aangerous designs, noi per-
CLASS LEGISLATION ATTEMPT TO RE
ESTABLISH A PROPERTY ; QUALIFICA
TION FOR OFFICE. '
The insidious and d?jj& 'attempt .S'L NW-
Several Conservative organs are
republishing mutilated and garbled ex
tracts from the Western address to
show the inconsistency of th.ej position
of leading Republicans then and now.
That address does not advocate or sug
gest in any part of it, a Convention
called I upon the plan proposed now.
of the Legislature, at its last session,
AJ VM.JJ UlU llgiil' VI flap LSWAA VUUOVO
to hold office, was manifest in more
than one instance. One example will
suffice. . 'hi J"
A Bill was introduced into the Senate,
and was passed, by a large 'majority
wuv-rtc - votbjctttot -wwwW-T 1.1..
nJmnsf. mnnimntiiJu fn if., tvnnirinfy V.W 8
:rr:-;:z5'ZJZh 18oU . What more
sand DOLiiARS with twd, justified securi
ties, each in the same amount, for the
execution of the duties of his office. It
was pretended, that this Svas aimed at
the negro Justices in the East. But, what
is the effect of such a law? It would prac
tically disqualify and. expel from office,
then : there is none now. Why? Be
cause the present Constitution has made
all the reforms In the Constitution of
1835 which the signers of the I Western
Address demanded. I They denounced
the Constitution of 183T as odious and
anti-republican, and asked for it to bo
of that thoroughly changed. It has been thor-
18G8. . What more, thereforei do the
people want? .
Tbis Address asKea ior
1. Eaual representation according to
population, and notaccordingto wealth
and taxes. The Constitution of 1 80S or
dains it. j
- 2. The ad valorem tax. The Const i-
the. present law are split up into fac-! Unonf Hoarincr to pnfnrPP his haos in the contemolation of those who nme-tentns oi tnemagistraies m a ma-itution oj iso oraains u.
t rvMo w fw If5 717 ' . ' " s concurredln'the passage of the. present &y .9l "?e western counties oi mis . . Universal suffrage.
' -jvv a civui- views nv :i nri 1 1 1 1 1 -i 1 1, - iiiiii i tintiii iiii' . 111- i w m. i utnfn tnnf-hnvnavathatmimnapAtnrnira
tions which reject
ises and Overthrow each other's conclu
sions. , It is not certain that even a
majority of them agree in their views
the opponents of the
in their view and con
struction of the written text of the Con
stitution. Comment upon this fact
WEAKLY ALLOWANCE, INDEED.
PROMINENT DEMOCRATS AND CONSER
VATIVES AGAINST CONVENTION.
The following gentlemen, represent
ing the old Whig and Democratic par
ties, who have voted in opposition to
the Republican party since its organi
zation in this State, arc opposed to
4 A t t
Hon. Abraham Rencher and J. II.
Ileaden, of Clio wan county j
N. W. Woodfin, Esq., of Buncombe,
Augustus M. Moore, of Chowan. .
Henry Walser, of Davidson.
T. M. Argb, of Orange, ,
'Hon. Lewis I lanes and J.jM. McCor-
kle, of Rowan. J
Judge Anderson Mitchell of Iredell.
. J. P. Speight and Abraham D. Swin
son, of Greene. j
W. A. Hearne, R. S. Perr Oscar
Rand, Thomas Smith, of Wake.
J. W. Halstead, of Cainden.
T. C. Humphries, of Currituck.
R. T. Hardin, of Ashe. .
R. P. Lutterloh, of Cumberland.
Silas Westmoreland, of Stokes.
W. B. March, of Davie.
G. W. Johnston, of Pitt,
There are other Democrats and Con
Kervativos in the different counties,
whose names we do not remember.
These men are not Republicans.
They are Democrats and Conservatives.
fTl .1 ..1n4trvntif a
i nvy are jhulu men, mi it uiuuuuuw.
There are thousands of Democrats and
Conservatives throughout the State,
jastas true in their opposition to the
Republican party as Mr. Turner or Mr.
Graham, who will not sanction an at
tempt at revolution by voting for Con
vention. The gentlemen mentioned In this ar
ticleVaro the True Conservatives of .this
State. The country has much to ex
pect, and nothing to lose, from the
counsels and teachings of this class of
inen. - That a large body of the Conser
vative party think and will vote with
these gentlemen, there is no doubt.
The Charlotte Bulletin says the ap
proaching election is attracting much
attention throughout the entire coun
try. The opponents to the Conven
tion scheme have begun to work in
The economical, retrenchment and
reform Legislature, last winter passed
the following :
Resolved, The House of Representa
tives concurring, That the Treasurer
be instructed to pay James H. Moore,
stead of vituperation and abuse, which
are so freely indulged in by older . and
more prominent men in his party.
The discussion passed off very pleas
antly, and without a single incident to
interrupt the good humor, and kindly
feeling, which prevailed in the large
. From all parts ofthe county, of Ala
mance, we! learned that there will be
an increase over the last vote, in favor
of the Republicans, and against Con
vention. For the first time, in many
months,' the Republicans feel free to
Court, will be precipitatad upou the
neipiess ana nnpovensneu ; uuuiura, i
the State, .-now protected by that decis
ion, coupled with the fact that the
present act does ; not restrict the pro;
posed Convention from abolishing the
ii i x a. - I ii i ? i x ; t. .
express meir opinions, anu to act upmi i consiiumoiuu cvempuuu uxtui iiupio-
r i A 1 A 1 il A. ' 1 A? - L!l.
I , 1 .- I -j J.-.-l- 11. 1J -1
The dread of being deprived of. the nla1Slal, . Bve
I bond as tne obscurest f negro in tne
ii -oaf o I otate. rne result wouia oe, to concen-
p anA tfoT.if trate all such offices m the hands of a
uL ,xrvi oT,ri nfrfhufo few rich men and theirs tools in each
pynstri anfrheihten the rrpiierai county. Merchants in the county
excitement beyond that which we towns, and small lawyersjvvho cannot
might expect m ordinary elections. $8 and are too proud to .beg,' w9uld be
Thl fear Sat the , army of creditors thus foisted on ge people by this lay,
whose claims have been excluded by instead of capable poor, men of their
IXie.. JlOlUlllg Oi ,U1U pitTSCHI OUjUlillU
General Brogden; the Senator from
Wayne, asked f to ; enter! his ; : protest
against the , passage of such an um ust
law, but that Constitutional privilege
was denied him by the Conservative
Senate, bo intent Were they on legisla
ting the holders 01 Old debts,1 and tne
llHUUBT I . o., , i Jiil.-Zu-i.. I if 1 ftiS niv; 1 .
them. Happily, for all parties, the eminent ior dent, wm seriously agiia kJh Kverv oractiea
111 1 in ii iim . iiiHii r-,i 1 ivnm - liimjuxi i - . t 1 - t . .
-'t 1 , 1 7. i jl . a .sji JT if.. , I, t muA, a.
t revive and re-
iton of J868 ordains it.
4. Eligibility , of all men
The Constitution of 18C8 ordains it.
Abolition of property qualifica
tions for office. The Constitution of WA
6. The establishment of the office, of
Lieutenant Governor, The Constitution
of 1868 ordains it. . , . .
7. The election of all the State Exe
cutive officers by the people. The Con
stitution of 1868 ordain tt.
8; The election of Judges by
pie. - The Constitution
J 9.-The election of Justieew . of tlic
Peace, by the people. I The- Constitution
of 18G8 ordains
earnest, and are well encouraged by exceeding sevj iivxuuxu xmjiw
xx.xvxj x vuv ui any luuuo uuu uiuu-
.rihe public printing, on reign of terror which once distorted that Wnnd-coloi." The fl $U:f Ow'i
of the Auditor, a sum not hPfiiiti fill mimtrv. has ceased. 'Mav I V-w-. -mtrtii wAnmiri 4-i-irk TniiYMnooori oiifL I tention, evidently,' is to
' . , - r 1 . 1 V i-i.4 X ISLLtlX vo. u nvi"l3.ti imiuv 1 , " . , , 1 ; ' . t m f i , r . ,
urguuiKU uie oiu stsujiii ,01 vniFt' jiuujsw
there be nothing
high official authority.
We copy the following from the
New York Times, as indicating the
policy of the Administration, as well
as the duty of the people to defeat the
Convention scheme. The Washington
correspondence writes : -
Ratified the 11th day of March, A.
D., 1871. . '. . - .
Moore, as every one knows, is, in
this matter, a man of straw. The seven
hundred dollars wTeekly goes to the
Sent but. It is the stipend of that or-
WAsniNQTON, July 19th. Tho political gan, and, according to this resolution,
the Sentinel, out
people,' is at the
hundred dollars a month; and for fifty
two; weeks, or a year, thirty-six thousand-four
hundred dollars. Books at
$12,000, and resolutions to pay, for an
ehXuttonM.naito:Perid. the Public Printer
seven, nunareu aouars a wcck, are speci
mens of Conservative economy and re-
situation in North Carolina is becoming very
interesting from the alleged fact that that
State is the battle ground of the Ku Klux
in the trial of their scheme to overturn the
resent State Constitutions in the Southern
tea. The issue, however, which presents'
itseir publicly is between tne Democratic
and Republican parties direct, and the re
sult of the election of the delegates to the
Constitutional Convention will decide which
party shall hold supremacy in the State for
a series of years. The Democrats boldly
avow their purpose, in the event the Con
vention is called, to be the expulsion of all
tho present Judges
Democrats in their places, elected by tho
Legislature, with a life tenure. 'All the
judicial officers down' to Justices of the
Peace are to receive the same treatment,
and the machinery for Tammany tactics in
vote counting will be made complete by tho
Justices being given the control of elections.
The election of delegates to the Convention
is to take place August 3. The Convention
was not voted by two-thirds of the Legisla
ture, as tho existing Constitution provides,
and would not be a legal body any way:
but the Republicans will make a powerful
effort to elect a majority of the delegates, in
which case the Convention will be dissolved
without action ; and success in this attempt
is hopeful, from recent accounts. If, how
ever, the Democrats should get the election.
Gov. Caldwell would probably resist, and
the President would have to decide which
was the lawful State Government, as the
Dorr war determined be nadthe right to do,
and would give that Government the sup
port of the United States authority. Senator
Pool will go South in a few days, into the
heart of the Ku Klux regior , and will en-
gage vigorously in the campaign. The
Republican Congressional Committee are
sending more than 150,000 documents
throughout the State. The contest has a
national significance, as a defeat of the Ku
Klux element will compel them to change
front throughout the whole South.
no time is fixed when its payment shall
Seven hundred dollars a tceek paid to
of the pockets of the
rate of twenty-eight
in the future to re
vive it! . ' '
From the counties of Caswell and
Orange, we saw a number of .gentle
men, who gave us a good account of
the prospect of the anti-Convention
feeling in those counties. Day is break
ing. . The people will assert their
rights on the 3rd day of August, and
the last effort of an expiring faction
will be thwarted by the omnipotent
..T "Jft ; r.wrirr cliques under which-the. Conservative
"irJl bartv flourished before! the -war.
call ui a vuventiuti. ahc wuci, wiu 1 . . , ..: i , ....
labor upon our farms,! jn our domestic SJ-W?? TStT1 i ee:ef?n,
.x, .A, 1 iki,- wrti-t-a of Magistratesbyme veople. - ' :-- '
."1 9U 1 TT. 1 III I II I It III l.rill a B Ii V KtA. I w v .
..rr, --T Try" : I " ; ' 1
may suspect; inui h vxniveuuuii, uuij
stricted asnto its power to establish the
old ca. sa.Nsystem' of imprisonment ; for
debts, will leave open a door to intro
duce that or a system of peonage like
,r . CLIQUES.!
The progress of the;. war developed
too classes of Union men. , In this State
there were, from the beginning of the
strife, quite a number of men who ad
hered to the old flag, and among these
were some prominent men who had
held office in ante-bellum days. But
time revealed the fact, sooner or later,
that in Mexico, where, although their
Constitutidn guarantees liberty to ev-
ery citizen1, by their mode of enforcing
debts every farm or house servant is
liable to become practically a slave. .
, The first Convention bill fixed the
election, on the anniversary of the
bombardment of Fort Sump'ter,
Tax payers bear it in mind, that last
year 1870 your State tax was 36 cents
on the one hundred dollars worth of
property. Tliat was under Republi
can rule : this year. 1871, your State
tax is 52 cents on the - hundred dollars
Issue ' boluls
The I Coiii missioiiers
county are' authorized
to the amount of tiiiuty l thousand
uoLTviis. to pay. their! ola 'debt, and
to levy a tax, to "meet the'i interest on
these bonds.' -There is no."; restriction
(Upon the Cleaveland county Commis
sioners," that they shall not issue any
bond, L for the payment of any debt,
contracted in aid of the rebellion,', as
there is in the law authorizing the
Commissioners of Guilford J and othe?
counties to issue "bonds. What was the
purpose of inserting; the restriction in
the one case, and omitting it in the
other?. .;,;, r;f:..;
Is the attempt to .be made,
Jjm4. 7KJiAyjAAA J CUiU 1VT I H"V W a.Xa. v J I V&Jk. JlO fj4id VV JA kl JIUUUiVU V1UM I . VV MiiVlUV W , J l.tV VVf MtpiVIl
A Convention controlled by that only a part of these men adhered of property, and. this is under. Demd- ahy part of the war debt of Cleaveland
; jjwwv, j w new , v vyry
tne tate is relieved
such a party, would
stance of the land.
eat out; the sub-
Good people of Guilford, last year
your County tax was 31 cents on the
hundred dollars of assessed property
this year it is 45 cents on one hundred
dollars of property, only 15 cents more
under Democratic rule than under Re
publican. It Is so easy to pay that
little sum for your own party-1-!!! right
to the Union from patriotic motives
wno lovea xneir counixy ior us own
sake who' were ready to sacrifice their
all for its preservation. These men,
to-day, are Republicans amid reviling,
sneers and loss, they stand by their own
country, and are true Union men still
love the Union as it is a saved and
glorious Union. As was discovered the
pure gold, so was also the dross. It
was seen, by and by, that some men
were adherents of the cause of the Union
because they believed that thus they
would save their slave' property, or re
ceive pay for it, and that the surest place
j t . rjr sr... t :
cratic ku klux. Conservative ride. Do
you like this way of reducing ; your
taxes 2 Liast summer ; your ; represeii-
tatives promised you lower taxes? You
have then 16 cents more in the dollar
than last year. Remember this pays
no old debt no interest on bonds no
school expenses this is to pay the $5-f-
Such way-i of lessening, taxes is delici
ously refreshing in these hot days. Do
you feel good, fellow tax payers?
Guess you fio.:t, ,,.;-:y ;yr;;-". f ... j, .
now It costs tne County only $ 1800
( eighteen hundred dollars) to nav !the I for them to aet office was in the
interest on the $31,000 of Bonds Mr. The events of the war the-extremity
fltlmpr nn fnr vnnr Hnnnhr rnm of necessity on the part of the United
Gilmer fixed up for j our County Com- states Government disappointed all
missioners to issue to pay old debts, calculation about the slaves; and offices
you don't know'to whom, nor for what, too, did not fall, unbidden or sought
Don't you wish somebody would, pay for. on their shoulders, and these Union
your claims? Is it not a glorious thing I men are, to-day, classed with the unre- gentlemen w$l wantto . go upon
to belong to the Democracy and pay j pentent rebels and bitter, secessionists Supreme Court Bench ; and the (
xxjgu uucs) nucu piuuiucu iuw uucSi i as vuusuvauyg AAUuwiaiOf auuaiuvuc
JSever nincn, it is not near Its best yet : I worst enemies of the Union ana .the,
Every vote for a Convention is a vote
wait until you pay for Convention. and
the interest on old bonds then it will
be heavy, if not phunny.
Let the people remember that Judge
iiernmon, ana otner leauing lawyers
of the Consensu ve party, nave Deen
trying to get a test case before the Sil-
preme Court of the "United States, to
overthrow; the Homestead ; laws of i
North Carolina.. - . , . j.
Call a invention, and these same
servative party is pledged to place
on! v such there as - will " decide the
otner county in
llUIU U1C LKtVlllCUh VI lli v . r
; : How many of theV other ' special tax
bills, passed by the Legislature, . last
winter, for other counties," put it in
the power of Court l House .Cliques. of
Conservative' politicians, to "fasten ; il
legal, and burdensome debts, upon the
'people. -"i . ' "
Let the people of Yancey, especially.
look into this matter, j and see; how
many1 waf debts; and stale' claims, are
provided fojy in the ! act J authorizing
the issuing of; county . .bonds. Tne
claims on that countyy (and it is so, .we
suppose in many other r counties,) are
not worth five cents In I the dollar.
Why tax the people to pay; off the full
amount of, such claims, when they
could all be compromised for ten cents
ill the dollar. XJohservative specula
tors, are at the bottom of all this spe
cial legislationr r f :'
Every voter whej is in favor of , elect?-
Government. These men prate of their Jlomestead . law unconstitutional and i mg Judges and justices of the Peaeo. fby
unionism, out it was an ior tne negro void. i '
and not for. the country. i "Dinna ye bear the slogan !"
the popular vote, will go to the polis
1 - - - A AT- I
UUU YVlV XiU VVIIVCUMUU
ractical and useful reform
advocated -twenty, yearn, ago by the gen
tlemen; who signed the Western Ad
dress may be found iii t.lie Constitution
of 186&4-crVv single, one, What mat
ters it how they got there, so they we
there the fundamental law of the laud
and why do Conservative papers omit '
to publish , that part of the ' add ress
which shows that it insisted on these
changes? Why, but to deceive the
people. r,- ' ''.. i . 1.:.-
TO COLORED VOTER.
' Remember that at tho ensuing dec- ;
tion-' you will not be' permitted to vote !
in any jTownship but .the oni wherein r
you. live.. ,
" Remember tliat a rcAidonoo of only
ten days in your Township is rexjuiretl
to allow you to vote. - f ' 1
' Remember that if you are not already
registered in your Township, you must ?
be before you can vote. Be sure, there- i
fore, to see that your name I is on the
registration books. , " yi '
Remember 'that up to the year lftV," j
the free colored people.-in this ..State,-. ;
had a right to vote. A Convention was !
called in tliat year to amend the Con- !
stitution, and it took away the riglit of
suffrage from the colored people.
Remember, therefore, that unle&s the -7
Convention- ih voted down, you may i
never be allowed' to vote again.
THE VOICE OF. A PROPHET.
" I tell you tliat our , party u gone up
and this State will go for the Republi
cans in Uie Presidential election." J
tell vouifwe go into an election ice will'
be badly defeated" , '
Conservative Senator Love, '.of. Jack
son, in the debate on the Convention 1
act.;-, .'I-; . - .7 -. AM-'lli '
Poor men of North Carolina I if you
would save your. Homesteads! and If
you arc opposed to re-enactlng;the old
ca sa law, vote against Convention. A
Convention at this - time cannot and .
will .not result An ny .good to you 1
There Is danger; "A bird In the, hand
1 worth two in the bUsh '; Y6ti have '
got the bird; Hold on to it, J ,