North Carolina Newspapers

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CORRESPONDENCE. .
Double Shoals,N. C, Aug. 15.1S71.
To Da EtteUency, j 4
I Gov. Tod II. Caldwell:
My Dear Old Friend: I want to write
you a few lines on the condition of our
country. Our county, for several miles
arouna, more particularly "West of me,
is desolate. A great many men, and I
am fully persuaded very many of them
innocent, have been sworn to as belong-in-
tr m dinff rartfps hv unreliable ner-
Bons ' They have been informed" of
these things ' and have left their fami
lies; their farms ofrain are being des
troyed. A reliable man told me this
morning that;he saw some eight or ten
plantations with . stock turned In and
destroying the grain, the owners having
left the country. Such families will
suffer if something: Is not done.; " j
There are unreliable parties who are
and have been ready witnesses against
others, and they have caused a great
deal of trouble. . !
Now I am and have been always for
peace; but it seem 3 that we are In worse
trouble now ' than ever. I have used
all my influence in the direction of
leaee and harmony, while I was in the
office of Sheriff, and also since I have
been disfranchised from holding office.
Now Governor, if it is in your power
In any. way to devise some method by
which some settlement of this difficul
ty may be brought about; it is to bo
hoped you will do so in some speedy
way. - . I
It looks to me now like this country
is ruined. It Is true there is one class
of men that I do not pity that is
those? men who have been guilty, of
illicit distilling and unlawful traffick
ing in spirilous liquors. They have
been ! warned of the danger. Also
those men who have been guilty of
committing raids upon others contrary
to law. - ! ,
I am fully persuaded, or at least of
the opinion that there are hundreds of
men belonging to the so-called Ko Klux
party, who never have been guilty of
committing any depredations whatev
er! not that I know, but Judging from
outside circumstances.
I would be very glad indeed, to have
a line from your hand, if you think I
am worthy your notice. ' 'I
I remain, as ever,
I Your friend. r
t J. Z. Falls.
N. 11. I have been requested to write
on thealwve subject by many good citi
zens. Hope you will appreciate it. as
KUCll.l - ' . ' '
J. Z. F.
Raleigh, N. C, Aug. 21st, 1871.
J. Z. Falls, Esq., Cleveland county
Dear Sir: Your favor of tho 15th
Inst.,has been received .and I have given
it a full and thorough consideration.
I must confess frankly that I do not
like the tone of your letter. It appears
to mo to be an apology for the Ku
Klux Klan, who are knoicn to'infest
several of the Western counties, and
particularly the county of Cleveland.
All persons who show a disposition to
expose and bring these marauders to
the bar of justice, are denounced as ir
responsible and unworthy of credit and
lxilief no matter how fair a reputation
they may have heretofore sustained.
While they remain true to the Klan,
'they 'were, in the estimation of their
associates and sympathizers, good and
deserving men, and worthy of confi
dence ; but so soon .as they, moved by
the better feelings of humanity, turn
from their lawlessness and show a dis
position to atone for crimes committed
by them, then they are turned upon by
their former allies and accused of being
low. i mean fellows, totally unworthy
of belief, and that no confidence should
be reposed in any evidence they may
give against those with whom they
had theretofore associated. Another
thing that strikes me as something re
markable, is the fact that many of j the
men whom you style innocent men are
running away from their homes to
evade arrest. This thing of flight is
not, in my opinion, compatible with
innocence, but, on the contrary, is a
strong badge of guilt. Nothing 13
more true than the old proverb, that
"the guilty flee when no man pur
- sueth." Yon seem to think it terrible
that these men, accused of crime, should
be driven from their homes, and ' that
are exposed to destruction . and their
families to sunenng. hho
to blame for this state of affairs but
themselves ? Were they not appealed
to time and again to cease their cruel
- l.iAnmAM an A tr flpmpun themselves
as good citizens? They turned a deaf
ear to au sucn appwua , "cy
pursue their evil ways, juiukivoiwoc
rein to tneir aevuisn wiuwiiai
nowiwhen the meshes of 'the law are
about to circumvent them, their friends,
Arsons too. who I fear were in their
confidence and giving them a moral
nTvni-f nm mrninc to their aid and
endeavoring to succor them by traduc
ing the character, not only of their
. vktims,-but of their confederates also,
.isv m (nmincp R fate's evidence
anunst them. I heard no word of re
monstrance from cievcianu comity
...,iia tho izn. "Klnx were inflicting
their hellish punishments upon the
weaJc ana unproiecveu, uui,wdw"
the scale begins to turn and the strong
t is stretched out in
behalf of those who could not protect
themselves, then, tne wnoie crauuium
ty wakes up to tho importance of re
airinr rMrn nnd nuiet in the land.
I am its much for peace and harmony
as any man in tne C5iai mm jHiui.y
Iks; every ncx oi my nwh wuui"
tration goes to prove that fact ; but at
nnt willincr to
purchase ieaco from violators of j law
.by n surrender of the liberties and
Kurreil privileges of tho humbler class
of my fellow-citizens, whose only safety
In these degenerate days is to bo found
Inn. strict enforrompnt of tho law. i
The only advice that I can givo you
is. tnai you ana oincr leaaing ciuzens
et rnpvftfand countv shall cease apolo
gizing for crimej be open and bold iir
vour aenuiicmviuus ui. m iisstsiicks,
whenever and Dy whomsoever com
rvittfo! anrl in trit the humblent citi
zens of your county with the same con-
cMmflnn and HPfiOOCt that VOU WOUld
claim for yourselves from them were
!lf I ltry rKvvl !
I am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant, i
TOD It. CALDWELL,
. Governor.
-; ; " ; T ; I . i ! ' - ' : i S
Vol. 1.
For the Carolina Era.
EDUCATION.
I wish to direct the attention of the
public to education, in the common ac
cept! on of that term. . It is a subjoct in
which all, both old and young, should
be interested. ,
Pnrfnte own n. food edu rat ion to their
children, and if children fail to seek it
In the early period of their lives, tney
will ever have occasion to resxet their
Indolence and folly. '
Flnratfon is now theahorbinfftheme
of the day, among all classes of enligh
tnl nations. It assists men in everv
avocation of life more than anything
cise, limit nuiiiaji myuuuiiy wh-
tnve.
Without. Aflnratinn -worannot com-
Tirhond thos ahstmoe subiects. with
which we sometimes have occasion to
grapple; nor remove the obstructions
with which our pathway in life is fre
quently beset. Without education we
cannot think of entering any of the
learned professions, and If our ambition
inclines us that way, our aspirations
how high soever they soar, will be soon
to fall to the ground at last. Without
wlnMitim-i wnfn nnrl tnlfmfc are never
sufficiently developed to shine forth
upon tne worm in an tneir ciouaea
lustre, to elevate their possessor to the
vnn H li nf rrlnrv A rnan who haM KUTe-
rior mental power, and has no ' mental
culture, is lorever Kept irom reacmng
the pinnacle of fame. No doubt the
brightest geniuses who have ever lived,
have Deen loiany unKnown io me
world simply because they had no ed-
rtrfitinn. i We should all endeavor bv
means of education to dispel the mist
of ignorance.which has always darken
ed the pathway of mankind. ;
i It is our duty to cherish and support
a system of general education, in order
that tne poor, as wen as ine ncn, may
have an opportunity of developing their
mental faculties. But all does not de
pend upon advantages. More depends
nnon the exertions of the student him-
a?lf A wnnt. nf enerrrv and nersever-
ljwajl v m:
ence has always been a great drawback
to those secKing an eaucauon.
rTht wlttv nharles Tjamb has well
said, tiiat the best of acids is assiduity.
A great many persons who desire to
educate themselves, never make an ef
fort to do so. simnl v because thev think
that theyare too poor to succeed. Why
that is all a humbug. If a person de
sired to educate himself, and makes an
elTort to do it, he will certainly succeed.
It is a trite maxim, and true as it is
trite, that "where there is a. will there
is a way." The most eminent men the
world ever knew, were raised in pover
ty and obscurity. Poverty can never
keep intellect to the ground.if an effort
isvmade to raise it. I
If we turn to the annals of history,
and read the ' lives of great men, we
will see that the most of them were
thp children of noor and obscuro pa
rents. Our immortal Henry Clay,used
rt mmr rvirn trv fhp mill on a millo's
back. Our logical Daniel Webster,
iTsfvl to labor in the wheat harvests. va
cations during his collegiate life. Our
eloquent Patrick Henry usedxto labor
on-the farm to make his support. Ex
President Andy Johnson was a poor
tailor in the early period of his life.
And many otner instances oi tne samu
irlnH T oonld pivfi richt here, if time
would permit. I merely speak of these
fn5tnnps- in onier to srive encourage
ment to those who desire an education,
a 1 . A. A .
but who never maice an enon io scck
it, simply because they think that they
are too poor to suceeea. lnousancis oi
geniuses have despaired of success on
this very account. : i
As education increases a man's ousi
ness oualifications, it also increases his
rAnl worth- Statistics show that the
salary of educated men is estimated to
be twelve nunarea aouars a year,
while that of uneducated men is only
. . . . 1 . .
estimated, to oe one nunarea ana nny.
It is true that the salaries of all men
do not exactly coincide with these
numbers, but the variations are very
slight. So we see- that educated men
is wTorth to himself and family, as well
as to his State ana country, eign
times as much as an uneducated man.
V-Hiiraxinn is a lastiner oossession. It
cannot be taken away, and when once
obtained it will go witn us to tne
oT-tve. Kdnration confers self respect.
and bestos upon its happy possessor
mat ieeiing so Krumymg w
mind the consciousness of intellectual
anrwvrinritv- "Rduration eives rjleasure.
and often seems to relieve the couch of
pain, and robs it of half Its sufferings.
Education affords consolation in times
nf misfortune. When the storms of
sorrow blow cold and chill, when ene-
mies torment and rnenas aisown, ana
all the world forsakes us, we can forget
our sorrows in the noble literature of
antiquity. . .
Education is a great moral agent,
to refine and Durifv that di
vine element within us, which we are
taught must live rorever. uy suduu
ing man's animal nature it enables his
inflifWnAl moral character, and as
sists in qualifying him for the changes
incident to ail numanuy.
Such are some of the advanuures re
sulting from a good education. Time
would fail me to enumerate them all.
They are great and innumerable. Toni
Thrco mnsirlerations it seems that it is
a duty parents owe to their God, their
country ana tnemseivcs xo wuuu
their diildren. it is a auty invy uwe
otluration refines and
purifies the heart. It is a duty they
owe to their country, because she is in
sore need of good and wise men to rule
Jn i.nr fAmuii4 ami irame laws ior inv
commonweal. It U a "ty they owe
AAA A k va, x w
to themselves, because it wninotnui
to sweeten the bitter cup of old ago and
death. ! " J . ' . . . .
I rejoice to see that thi3 great sudjcci
is taking hold of the hearts of our poo
Mav iho hnTnv Teriod roll swift-
Tifimn Vrxlii-ntinnnl torcn snail
-1o-n Knon nrtitlifvl to PVPfV hOUSChOKl
on mis uruaii cuimimu, unni, iv"
Aintio tn tho Tacifir. the last vestiffC
At 1 1 lt. ..ntl WwTTl I HO
of ijrnorancc and superstition shall have
been swept away by tho great conna
Then let us all resolve to acquire this
noble, elevating and god-like principle,
whifh virill riss not - nwaV With the
transient and ephemeral possessions of
fwrui, uui win rviimiii "
heritance for eternity.
.Toiiv o. A. Wakd.
Elizabeth City, N. C, Aug. 10, 1871;
RALEIGH, NL
For the Carolina Era,
iraJ
Mr. Editor: "Out in the cold
" great weeping, wailinjr, and gnash
ing of teeth" "Rachael, weeping for
her children and cannot be comforted
because they are not," cL, but indis
tinctly illustrates the status of the Con
ventionists : as they writhe under the
galling chagrin of defeat. Sad arid
woebegone, they make the air resonant
with their plaintive, heart-breaking
cries. ' Blind with rage they strike at
points without any discrimination.
Frantic because the people did not
obey their presumptuous orders and
accede to their arrogant demands, they
denounce them without stintr The
snarling cur of the Sentinel threatens
wholesale impeachment and unpre
cedented extravagance, to punish the
people for-their disobedience of the
edicts of , the audacious rebellious
usurpers. The poodle of the Battle
boro' Advance, who whines forth he
growls that the cur does not desire to
risk, denounces every man who voted
against Convention, as either misera
ble fools or miserable scoundrels, and
calls down "curses and scorn upon the
dastards!" Then in the same article,
with regret and horror that the Legis
lature must levy the tax on the public
debt or commit periury,he asks the im
pertinent question, "do the people seek.
IO ruill lilt? UUtuiClr ui luvil icicacu-
tatives by making ;them commit per
jury ?" The peoples' representatives
failed to levy the tax on the debt at
their last annual session and passed an
unconstitutional Convention bill both,
violative of the Constitution and their
oaths. Did the people seek to ruin their
characters by making, them do these
conscious-screwing acts ? No, the peo
ples' representatives did them of their
own accord to gratify, their own low,
grovelling ambitions. The omission
of the one was to make political capital
by which "the endorsement of the other
by the. people was to be procured.
They would have torn down the tem
ple of organic la w, made the Constitu
tion a mere Legislative act, to be
changed by ; every ascendant" partV ;
and always full of political hobbles
upon which demagogues might ride
intooflice. They would have ruined
the State by destroying the quiet,
peace happiness and prosperity with
which permanence of fundamental
principles ever surround a government
and its citizens and all this, to gratify
a base and avaricious thirst for office.
" Is there not some chosen curse,
Somo hidden thunder in the stores of
heaven," r
Rod with uncommon wrath, to blast the
Who seeks his greatness on his country's
ruin!" i
1
Tint thev mav be ouiet unon the sub
ject of committing perjury by failing
to levy vuai uia. aiiu yvkmiujh ji
people is greater than' theirs. These
inherent sovreigns will order them to
suspend the force and validity of that
constitutional injunction, and likewise
remove every taint of perjury, by pass
ing an amendment, by. legislative en
actment, striking out . that clause, or
resign ; and surely there would be no
tears she.by i the people at their de-
Earture from the office which they have
asely prostituted' to their own selfish
aims, in total disregard of the wishes
of their constituents. But read the last
stanza of the noodle's alternately plain
tive and raving song : 1 'As soon as the
Legislature meets let it pass an act
making arrangements lor tne payment,
of the interest on the debt, by levying
a .tax to be collected, say in February
or March ; then let it pass an act sub-
11 r e rinn.innllillli
milling ino .qutrbuun ui w;uvcuuyn
again to the people. Let them endorse
it or take the consequences. Infamous,
audacious I generation of vipers, hypo-
criies, now can ye tsscape uie uiiim
tion of hell! With the artful tongue of
the serpent ye attempted to beguile the
citizens of 'North Carolina to tear Out
cornerstones of their organic law, I to
subvert this liberal and truly Republi
can Constitution, to yield various rights
ana privileges oi sunrage, ana to sur
render tneir nomesteaas, max, tne
ravenous vultures of vour oartv mierht
satiate their avaricious appetites by de-
XI IX A . .1 S Un!.
VOuriij5 iiUjUr euwm, iiuinuy men
wives and children out oi aoorsupon
the cold charity of the world, while,
for some insignificant balance, the
fathers and husbands were confined by
on. xn in the loathsome dunsreon. They
were too intelligent and independent,
and notwithstanding your menaces and
lalse promises, your iraua ana corrup
tion at the ballot box. vour infamous.
self-aggrandizing designs were thwart
ed, jnow, witn nowis nice tnose oi a
wounded hyena or disappointed de
mon, you yell, "We are ruined!" Your
eyes are aflame with the malignant
fires, of revenge ; ' and. ignominious
slaves, you would fain force your mas
ters to do your bidding by dastardly
threats, by suspending above their
heads an Alpine mass of debt, and pre
senting to their vision the very thres
hold of their homes the horrible spectre
of ruin. Heaven, where is thy justice!
Hell, where is thy protege ! It is a
consolation to know that the Turner
Harris faction is very small, too deeply
imbued with Whig principles and pos
sessing too much admiration for the
old Whig- newfoundland. W. A. Gra
ham, to follow in toto the schemes of
the Conservative leaders 1'ernaps tnere
fore, it would be the better way to pass
them by with silent contempt, since
they fare doubtless in the last act in
which they will ever play on the po
litical stage. A few, more months and
they will retire to an unenviable seclu
sion to die, cursed, scorned and de-
Similar to the fate of these will be
that, of tho more shrewd, demagogical
politicians, led in part, by the rotating
acrolmt Jimmy, alias the Hon. Gen'l.
J. M. Leach, who have been co-workers
in the iniquitous designs upon the rights
and sovereignty, the peace and happi
ness of the citizens of the State. Acro
bat Jimmy, with "the boys" W. M.
v f i?rvJiinc: ni? nrptends to ad
fg IKi 9 A. W -J rA- aaj vmt w-
vocate a change of the Constitution by
ltivn pnartmftnt Jimmv. speak
ing of the late Waterloo disaster, twists
his face into an unusual number oi apisn
forms and frightful grimaces,and heaves
forth in a peculiar twang iiiai wumu
lnuicaie iimi a vci uuic jicvhuw v.
. . a i illiri . JiJnH T
Darwinian tneory, n.v, u"
'em how it would be and try to .curse
4UM -..if nf if. oiifl didn't "the boys"
work against it like galley-slaves until
tney were just unveu m yjv
hydraulically driven in," and he sighs
C; THURSDAY, AUGUST 31, 1871.
over the fact that he has very probably
.been "driven in" to his own personal
ruin. For, mark ye, the returns of the
5th Congressional District shows a ma
jority of one hundred and thirty-seven
against Convention, making a gain of
only one thousand and four - hundred
since last year; and moreover, he verily
believes that either Af M. Scales, J. A.
Gilmer, or John Kerr will be the Con
servative nominee for Congress twelve
months hence, and there appears no
hope of safety unless he .can leap; upon
the platform of the anti-Conventiohists.
I know that he is one of the most ac
complished political vaulters in the
State but I am not credulous enough
to believe that he can make this! leap.
It is true that he has made some equal
ly as wonderful, but an acrobaV of
Noyes' Circus, had turned somersaults
over fourteen horses a number of times,
and, at last, broke his neck in a leap
over nine. Acrobat Jimmy, beware !
This will be your fate. ' Too' thin, a
veil covers your hypocrisy- It is seen
too plainly that you now advocate Leg
islative amendments from policy alone.
The people know who did the work
for their interests, and exposed tho de
ceit of your gildeel falsehoods', and ; laid
bare the brass of your golden promises.
The position of f 'the boys", is like un
to that of Acrobat Jimmy. But the
?uestiori presents itself to the people :
f you favored Legislative 'enactment,
why did you not rise high above party
principle, as did many Conservatives in
the State, and favpr it. in opposition - to
the late aristo-demo-mobocratic fire-eating
communist ; Convention bill,'- and
thereby save the expense, the ' political
agitation and exciting bitterness of the
late election? It is, . to say the; least,
unblushing impudence for these men
who where lured by the hope of! office
to prostitute their public trust to sel
fish aims, to betray the confidence and
forfeit pledge made to their constituents,
to come to the wronged commonwealth
with nothing but- promises of reform.
Recreants to truth and honor, how can
they be believed ? ; They cannot'
naught except works will satisfy the
people of their sincerity. I do not be
lieve they intend doing mOre than
promise and whine demagogically.
While the faction goes down hated .for
its arrogance, presumption, and un war
rented denunciation of the people for
exercising their sovereign rights, that
of they Leach-llobbins school will be
scorned and despised for its fawning
sycophancy and disgraceful hypocrisy.
Juvenal.. .
For the Carolina Era.
Mr. Editor: The humiliating de
feat which they sustained in their at
tempt to call an unconstitutional Con
vention, has taught the so-called Con
servatives a lesson, which they are not
likely soon to forget. Their assertions,
that their only object for wanting to
call a Convention, was to make some
necessary changes in the Constitution
would not do to humbug the people
with. They sugar-coated the thing over
as nicely as they possibly could, but,
after all, it would not do. The people
could see through the deception. They
saw that their real object was to get
control of the offices of the State, pre
paratory to the campaign of 1872.
The people know, that if the Conser
vative members of the Legislature had
been sincere in what thev said about
altering the Constitution, that they
WOU1U not iiavu ututxiitru. ivcjjuuh-
can members lasthvinter, in their ef
forts to make the necessary changes by
the Legislative mode. '
Rut after ' having received such an
unmistakable rebuke from the people,
for their insincerity and revolutionary
legislation, I predict, when they re-as
semble next mil, tney win not ue wry
slow to adopt the Legislative method
of amendment I
jiarK Hie prtxuuiiiuii, iciiuvv uuciw.
and when the time arrives you will
see I am right. I would bet my last
red on this prophecy ! Yes, when they
assemble again next fall, the Conserva
tive members win an carry tneir pock
eta full of amendments. ' ready to 1)6
offered as soon as they meet. And by
that time they will, no aouDt, nave
made the wonderiui discovery, mat mu
t.ea-islarure has iust as much power to
compromise the State debt as a Con
vention would have! The Republi
cans told them this last winter, and
although they could not make them
"see it," 1 suspect tne people were more
successful on the third day of August
l fust, f - And if so. when thev meet again
.1 think it not altogether improbable
that the ! KepuDiicans may oe auie io
pursuade them to appoint a Commis-
. it. A. .. C4-n In A-. ikio
Sion on me pun 01 me dww wua
Eurpose just what ' everybody - else
new they ought to have done last
winter.
But that would not have been in ac
cordance with the programme. Said
they, "We have done without the
nffiees hist as loner as we can stand it.
and to depend on an election is but a
doubtml measure at oest; we, mere
fore, must have a Convention! That
is inst, the thiner for us. and if the voo-
ple should seem a little slow in coming
to our relief, we will 'touch them up a
little, by a gentle threat on the tax
question." "This," said they, "will
very soon make the butter come."
But theyreckoned without their host.
The people were not as easily frighten
ed as they had vainly supposed.
Their long and windy harangues,
that the people heard from every
st.nmn in the State, that their oaths
compelled them to levy a ruinous tax
or resign their seats as members of the
Legislature, if a Convention should not
llerl. will onlv serve to show, how
insincere, unsafe and unreliable they
are. .
T rxa desire to resnectfullv remind
so-called Conservative members, that
the Convention nas Deen votea aown,
nnrl that. aopordini7 to their own declar
ations, they will be compelled to lay
thn Raw! fair or resitm : that if thev do
not they will perjure themselves. This
l meir ov u uwuiuc iituunuio
nnt hnlieve thw. but that is what they
all said ; during the campaign, and if
they believed it tnen, tney oeiieve
now, and we are determined to hold
(ham n It. r anrl if thev should fail to
act it out, they will stand convicted of
base deception oeiore tne nonesx voieru
of the State. What will they do?
Will thev lew the tax ? Thev dare
not! Will thev resign? Not one of
them. . i ;
No, fellow-citizensj Conservative con
sciences are not as tender now as they
were before the election ! Circumstan
ces alter cases. Tney win repudiate
all that they have said about this mat
ter, and the people, in return, will jre
pudiate them at the next election.
Mark the prediction. ; ' .
, , W WAKEi ,
Aug. 22d, 1871. v.,,,..- . ..'.
" ' r " For the Carolina Kv. !
The attack on district attorn tic j.:
STARBUCK.
'A
AfRi TriTTm?. i T see that some one has
hftAti tflooTirkhinor In rFip Sknthlpl from
Salisbury, who has administered to his
apetite lor publication garDiea state
ments. The dispatches in regard to the
attack made uixn the District Attorney
was not half a : statement of the -trans
action, and half of that "stated is not
correct. Judge Brooks and Mr. Iiar-kin.-;
were not aware that there was'anv
misunderstanding between Mr. Star-
buck and the three rougns wno assaulted
him, until the .assault, was made by
Wilson. All six persons were in. the
Omnibus at the time.'' When the as
sault was made Judge Bfboks asked
what was meant by ; it and asked ; the
others to assist in r parting them, j at
me same umu atiiuuiiiuug w xxou , uwu
his seat, which was larthest from the
helicrprantsi: Kvhen Beard seized him
roughly in the collar and pressed him
UOWli ,111 nits seui, saving wnu u wa,
that he should not interfere with his
friend. Mr. Larkins ' seeing this' and
believing that the Judge was suffering
from his confinement and choking, eh?
deavored to release him from the grasp
of Beard. With Mr. Larkin's assistance
the Judge relieved himself with, the
loss of a few buttons and a nec&tie.' In
stantly Beard turned upon Mr. Larkins
(Who is a small and weak man. physi
cally) throwing him violently from the
Omnibus. Mr. L. fell to the ground
onrl of fhe same instnnt of time Beard
followed and commenced kicking.stam
ping, and inflicting upon him heavy
Wilev and the .Tudtre seized Beard and
after much effort, relieved Mr. Larkins
temporarily. Hearers iury seemea to
be very unabated ,and he pushed MfJ LL
across the platform of the Depot. jUp
to this time the Judge had not struck
nor attempted to strike a blow, i At a
distance of more than twenty feet from'
the place at which Beard had been torn
Irom Mr. 1j. ne ieuea iur.. oj- again
With . Wow and commenced to deal
heavy blows upon his face, head, and
sides; then it was that the Judge dealt
him blows with his cane to the enltire
destruction of the ebony, with which
so many have been familiar for the last
few years,and with the effect desired
therelieioi Mr. juarKins. xi mere is
discrraee in this, no honest, intelligent
person will hesitate to say that it-does
not rest with the onicers oi me r eieenu
Court. I 1
The conduct of a colored man J0nes
-mm. a a 1
-was very creditable tommpn
the oerasion. , Judere Brooks has exam
ined this statement ano says mat at is
correct in every particular. 1
T n-w-t.Tm Aid
.. V - - 11 .1 T!l
i
For the Carolina lira.
Mr. Editor : I see from th&Seniinel
of a recent date that it is proposed by
the editor of that sheet -to have the
Legislature impeach His Lxcellency,
Gov. Tod R. Caldwell. The only rea
son snecified is that Gov. Caldwell has
acted his part as Governor without re
gard to the whims, notions, ideas or
doctrines of the Sentinel. For the sake
of argument let us presume for a mo
ment that the so-called legislators Hvill
attempt and do impeach j Governor
Caldwell, and tnen turn nun over iu
the TTio-h Court-of Imneachmentl for
trial. I wish to ascertain the opinion of
i J A t
some competeni auuionty ,upuu mo
following questions :
1. Are not certain members of the
Senate of North Carolina barred from1
participation m the atlairs of thO Gov
ernment by reason of a certain section
of the 14th Amendment, unless the
disabilities imposed by that amend
ment have been removed by a two
third vote of Congress ?
9i 'Will the neoole of North Carolina
who have just rebuked the revolution-
ists at the polls, allow tnem to mrmer
impose upon them by the farce ofim
peachment, which y will cost the tax
payers one hundred thousand dollars,
the principle of which will go to $up-
-vs.sMf fVio fMiti..e7 nnrl their rIavedOut
VfJAt VA.i. KJi Wl .a-m. X .
lawyers, and carpet-bag stenographer
at ninety nine uonars pei -t
:. j. ru lit? iuu.
Greensboro', N. C, Aug. 16, 1871.
For the Carolina Era.
A TRIP TO THE MOUNTAINS,
Mr. Editor : A- pleasant ride sofa
few hours over the Western N. C. Bail-
road, brought us to the romantic village
of Marion. t - I
His Honor Judge Brooks is holding
a Special Term , of his Court here this
weelr ? and ns vou mav sunnose. tliere
is an immense crowd in attendance-1
some from the extreme Western coun
ties. ' I
There are a great many visitors con-
cfinlv arrixrinc t. this! nlaPO and ;01d
OWWtiJ -v-. . ' . L J
Fort, some seeking health, some pleas
ure, and some both. It is perfectly de
lightful to get away irom :a no jana
dusty city, and breathe tne pure maun
fiin air nnrl rlrink the 1CV water. 1
Vour eorresnondent is stopping at the
Flemminsr House, a most excellent
Hotel, supplied with every comfort
and convenience; Guests receive
every attention, and nothing is .want
inn n milr their sfav apTeeable. 3
AUK W .7 J . ,
The scenery around and near Marion
ia lnvelv? hut the farther -West voil go,
you get sight of the mountains arid the
views "are "much more varied and ro
mantic Probably your correspondent
will go farther West,and if he doe4 his
next letter win be irom uiu j? on.
Old North Staxe.
Marion, August 23, 1871.
"nTsrnTTii.AOF.T. The cow." said an
engineer, "was standing square ori the
track. ! me locomotive strucu: hot janu
threw her ten feet high over a fence.
She landed plump on her feet, and,
strange to say, she wasn't hurt a bil."-r-"But
didn't she look scared?" inquired
a listener. "Well,I don't know wheth
er she was -scared ornot, butshelooKea
a good deal discouraged ;
XT A -fQ ;' I
;N O . AO .
THE NORTH CAROLINA CONVENTION
election: v
T.ifrht-hflA hroken In the Old North
State. There is ho longer any doubt that
the elertion nn' the"thirel instant went
against Convention by a large majority
probably ten mousanu at least. ,au
fl?rfiaterl Press depoatch from i Wil
mington dated Saturday, concedes the
defeat ot tne uonvention, ana states
that the (Republicans clairti aj majority
of from five to fifteen thousand, while
the Cohservatives regard the issue as
still in doubt. This would b,e evidence
enough i of a 1 signal victory, for the
friends of the Constitution and of law
and order,' but there is also a I telegram
from Senator Abbot, or JNortn iJaroiina,
stating positively that the Republicans
have carried the State bv ten or fifteen
thousand majority.'-. H i ; : j 'l,,
'-rne nrst news or tno result was aicia-,
ted, undoubtedly, by the Conservativea
and was! of so unfavorable-! a j character
as to be very disheartening! to loyai
mnn ' rTC.rT'hnr(A '' f?iTYipn,iherinP' ' llV
what, infamous means the Kliklux had
p-ained a maioritv in the .'.General'.. As-.
O . a! f - , .
capabilities for violence,- intimidation,'
stuiiuiv ..iu. ioiu. : miu vtnic. won
and fraud had but slightly diminished,
we fearqd the worst; and refrained from
any comments , tintill the truth , should
be known. ', Npw, however, we are able
a. ? Xl.A a.-C ziAtvivvlnA
to rejoice in uie assuwuio ui cuuujckj
success, and.are thankful not alone for
the redemption of an important tate
at a verv critical tfrrie. but for SUCh a
tnminop of the oolitical tide intheSouth
as must prouuee an uiter roui w wxcj
Kuklux forces,' already demoralized
and out on the defensive bv the vigor
ous campaign instituted' ?against them
1. 1 ll A I. T 5 J A. niwMiVia
i indeed, it is to the snarp ana aecisi ye
measures adopted to break up! this atro
cious system of Organized f murder,' as
mnp.n as to tne earnest ana active
vass made bv the - ReDublicans of the
Rtiite. that, our trinmrjh in North Car
olina is due. So long as these bands of
worse than Italian banditti, mstigatea
by a nendlsh hatred oi JKepupncans or
TTninn men. hot.h black and white and
directed in their work of midnight vio-
ic-nno hv nrnminent, lenders or the con
servatives, were nermitted td roam at
Will, nllLHJ L1IIL; , JiailglUKr Wiuppug, auu
i !4.r v n vwwt..
was possible, and any election held un
der such an anarchical condition of af
fairs would have been like! the Presi
dential election-in LrfMiisiahri ill 1868. a
perfect farce, or rather a giganue irag
edv. The votinsr as well as the killing
. A. '
wnnld have been all on one Iside. anc
the truculent Northern Democratic
press, denying or excusing as usual,
the monstrous rrimes of their Southern
Kuklux allies, would have celebrated
another great victory. ; : L , . '
The practical results oi this success
will be far-reaching and most import
ant. If the Convention had been called
nothing save interference by the Gen
eral Government could have Prevented
me virtual amiuiuug ui iwiyiBMuv.uu"
in that State, and aiterwaras a repeti
tion of the same revolutionary pro-
crramme in several other of the South
ern States. The ultimate consequences
would nave oeen a practical uisinuiuiia
ment and re-enslavement of the blacks,
tne election, Dy me aiaoi ivuk.iua vura.
of a Democratic President Iri 1872, and
the subsequent othertnrow py nooK or
crook, of the three great amendments
to the Constitution. The thoughtless
and undiscerninsr mav refuse! to believe
that such results have been aimed at,
or would be countenanced.! by the Lon-
servauve iieauers :; out i ue uum m.
a .i ,i 1 A 1.U 10
nevertheless, as we have stated, and it
is exceedingly fortunate for; the country
that affairs in the south nave taKen so
favorable a turn. i . I
The Southern Republicans, encour
nU .Anxflinnolnr Viia v5ttnrv
and by the powerful blows Vhich have
been admmisterea to me, ijvu iviua
man throntrh the investiffattons of the
r,nroricacinnflJ enmrnittAe. will reorcran-
A. UM.AA.-mM. wMwJ ' ' C7
ize not Onlv in South Carolina but in
everv State" and see that not a single
intimidated ireedman is ingntenea m-
tAtho art rnnW: nf TTitfn Tinfl measures OD-
noxious and hostile to himJ hLiet thero
i : : ,1 , Tlmw
ue no more wavering ut cihuvxai. v . j.
have not only tne ngnt out me uum
hers Thev have also the moral SUP-
Tnrt nf the General Ooverrirrtent. ' and
its physical aid. whenever j needed to
odduhu armeu. uiiu, BYBiciuawi; miuiw-
nnrin imt.n tho sflren ntrnrs m me 1:1 li-
yen: The contest must be a t ouirance.
since the foe is desperate,sreckless,' and
utterly unscrupulous ; jfniuuieipnia
ress.
THE NORTH CAROLINA CONVENTION
V ELECTION, j
If the desDatch front ' North Carolina
an n on nei n c th e defeat of the oroposi-
tion fori a convention be i true; a most
perplexing question has been avoided.
We do notseehowa candid mind could
persuade itself that the proposition was
legally (before the people, whether by
if the vote of the people had been in fa
vor of the convention, and it had as
sembled, it might have wrought almost
infinitel mischief before it could be ar
rested in its course. The national gov
ernment must have been involved: in
the controversy before it was finally
settled, and this again "would have in
trndiKwl ftTJow'sinn mirriino' issue in
national politics. For although the
decision could nave oeen. nootner man
that the Convention, was illegal, , the
nther side, of the ouestion is far more
plaasibe at first sight and might have
oeen me oasis iur n.u eimniiyus ztxxiuuiii;
nf misrenresentation- : Als there Was no
necessity whatever for the Convention,;
- -m m 9 , A m
the aereat oi tne wnoie ! scneme is on
ixrorv nlynnnt the 'liesf'-ttossihlp.' ?lt is
however -deserving; of notice that this
attemptetl revolutionary 7 proceeding,
supported as it has been py the demo
cratic press of the whole country, is a
timelv illustration of the insincerity of.
Conservative profession concerning ac
ppnfanw nf . the , situation - And chnu n
vefv plainly that if the Conservatives
come into power in the nation the
Southern State governinents will bq
immediately revoliitlonized; in the in-
tAroafnf the old slftvvhnldinnliormh,tr:
and the . constitutional; amendments
: i -J ..'.ti. i J' Ti a j
maue practical iiuiutes. 4ortcw -
cc not .. : j
The
now a
to the
hulls of cotton T seed,! which are
waste product, can be made Jn-
hnest paper.
I Rates of Advert 1 si nff I
One sqviare, one time, - - . - - - 11 00
two times,- - -
A square is the wulth of a column, ami
inches deep. . . . ' . . ' . ; ! ,
Contract AilTcriiacmonts - taken .at
proportionately low rates.
iroressionait;aras,notexceenng
van be published one year for $12.
Professional Cards, not exceeumg.1 square,
SOUTHERN ELECTIONS.
1 1.
H
-Vtar some time oast the nrrent of
- . .
Southern politics has run strongly in
favor; of the. Conservative party, and
there.was a growing fear that in the
next Presldentral election the entire
electoral vote of ' tho South would lc
cast- for, ,ai ConHcrvativo candidate.
State! after Statu was lost to the Re
publicans; thejr firmest strongholds
surrendered to the enemy; treachery,
faction, follvr extravagance." and mls-
manageinent were continually at work
thinning their ranks, and Ku Klux
terrorism !, was Invoked in many j in
stances by the Conservatives, to com
plete the task corrimenet'd by their;de-
mora uauu au Vf iou jra. , . s " , i . . . ; : ' .
The most hopeful view that can bo ;
taken of the loss of such States as Ten- ,
nessee, Missouri, Virginia, etc, Is that
we : have not fully comprehended the ' '
difficulty of building up a Republican '
nartv in the South. Even if the most
gloomy - yiew, of Sputhcri pontics is
adopted, some cause oi manKiuines? is
still left in the fact that a fair sem
blance of-a contest is kept up in- a doz
en States where ten years ago no man
m mt m mm 9. A A
could have caned nimseir a straigntut.
Republican without risking 'his life. ,
Despite the immense . reinioreemenw ,
obtained from the establishment of col
ored suflrage, . the necessity remained
fnr orfranizincr . and controlling - new
forces, and for-establishing a stable
m. . am. m BAA.. 9 1 9
party, in. the tace -oi Ditter opposition
nf n irrtCtflri t.hfl of the old DOSSeSSOrS Of
Dolitieal power' in the slave-holding
States. ' un such a struggle, discipline
and, skill in partisan tactic? go far to
neutralize numbers ; and the Conserva
tives have been wonaeriuny active in
deriving partisan advantages froni Re
publican blunders, in fomenting 'Re-
nnhlipfln diseord?. and wieldincr their :
two powerful .weapons of social ostra
cism and Ku Klux' terrorism. Con
servative politicians are trained in the
use of all manner, of cunning and cruel
partisan . weapons. They are accus
tomed to silence dangerous adversaries
by bowie-knife or rifle-ball, cither In
the miscalled field of honor or in a
street I fight. When they cannot an-
A. 11 ; a. Am.rn.rn.Am.
swer an argument, mey can persecute ;
to the death the man who utters it.
Empowered by the old black laws of
their creation to mould the negroes to
their will; and experts in wielding the
Tilnntation lash and in exerting a co- .
ercive influence by the most dreadful
' Am. . v 9 A . 1 1 nt fx
forms of terrorism, n is as aimcun ior
them to abandon these chlyalric arts as
it is for a trained dog to forget; his old
tricksi ';r'- " L V. .
We must, therefore, expect that the
Conservatives will recover a large por-
finn nf their Southern PTOund but the
late election in North Carolina, and the
reports of the condition oi tne canvass
la Kentucky, in which State an elcc
finn is to be held to-dav. indicateithat
a powerful Republican reaction is com-
menemg iu wie duuui. nuun vuiu"
has iust defeated, by a large majority, a
proposition, made and supported by
the Conservatives, mat ner estate uun-
stitution should be remodeuod. ivcn -tucky
is expected to demonstate to-day,
for the first time in her modern politi
cal history, that sne is by no means
hopelessly conservative, me agita
tion of the new departure issue has
forced the Southern candidates to take
sides for or against a decided reactlona
wr vkni? nr nnA os soon as thev express
opinions on this vital point, they either
lose the votes oi some oi me ixmserva
tives -who insist on coming out of V the
last ditch" to fight I reconstruction to
it j . !11 . -v .1 ft mnn C C3mA
tne Dltter enu, ' ur me vup ui
of the! better disposed Southern Con-
a. A - . A.
servatives, who are wining to accti,
the existing adjustment in good faith
as finality. ! i . !
It may be that in the political figlit
on Southern soil the Republicans have
had their last Bull Run, and that hence
forth there will be a j succession of An-
tietam, Gettysburg Vicksburg, , and
Appomattox Court House struggles.
Philadelphia Telegraph. '', . '
" The! Pecan Tree. The Southern
Farmer, Memphis, Tenn., says : This '
tree can be grown as readily as a hick
ory-nut or walnut. Why not' grow
them -as -a profitable crop r we nave
seen trees in bearing on our friend 13.
Whitfield's place, in Hinds countv, ,
Miss., on high upland, and certainly
some or our swamp" planters can ,
grow them around their liomesteads, .
have a pretty ? lawn, yet make money
by the operation. Select best Texas
pecans, largest and thinnest shells, and .
plant m uecemoer. January or re uru-
arv: Hv transoiantinsr careiuny every
two vears fcut off tao-root first year.) s
for two or three times, and they will
fruit in eight or ten years, ana wnen
-rvr vmn. nld will hear a hilshel -
Uiwiu; jvwo r v.v. . - -
each ; when fully matured, one or j wo
barrels of the best, worth generally $20 .
-- . . A . aW A
to $30 ier barrel, jriant say ov ieei
aoart. and lesivet0" your own children
a snug income. " . ;
'Tiie Woman Who Daked" A
story is afloat of a husband and wife at
Long Branch, the former given to night
ly visits to the lair of Chamberlain's ti-'
ger, arid the latter affectionately solid- ,
tous or his weiiare in me encounter
with that royal beast. Wisely refrai n
ing from curtain lectures, the wife un
dertook a more audacious and effective
means of reform. Attiring herseir in
her husband's best broadcloth ami
tightest ' pair of dress f boots, this "wo
man who dared" followed her dissipa
ted lord -to his evening haunt, ami,
when he was anxiously awaiting the
turn of the card after coppering the ace,
blew a cloud of smoke across the bible
into his face to attract his attention and
calmly put ten dollars on the king. The ;
story concludes with rapid and terrified
exit of the husband, followed by, his
successful wife, and the extraction of
a' promise, oit the way home, or ruture
abstinence from the green table. . ,
- " . ' i 1 mw I r
i ' The other day a woman postmaster '
was married-T-we will call hcrmaiden
name Smith , and . her l married name
Tnnao Vnw ' B?hft. ww tho nostniaster '
10 ' 999 99 -y 9 9 - M 1 T -
after that cereniony? Ccrt4iinly: not ,
Miss mitn, ior mere no longer to u
Miss Smith. And certainly not (Mrs. .
Jones, for no. such postmaster ! was
known to the Iepartraent. There's
the bother. And women must give up
- A - t .
matrimony, or must waive some oi ner
" rights." Cleveland Herald.
i..
i i
    

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