North Carolina Newspapers

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Ilnte of Subcx4ptioti s
Tri-Weekly One "year, in advance, $3 00
6 months, in advance, 2 00
3 months, in advance. 1 00
1 month, in advance. 50
Weekly One year, in advance, $100
; Six months, in advance, 50
The State Debt brings up a topic at
Once delicate, interesting and impor
tant, j -
A considerable part of the people
favor repudiation, without distingush
injj between old and neic, or regular and
irregular. j
Uion .the other hand, many prefer
some plan for reducing its proportions
within reasonable limits ; which they
think can- be effected by an investiga
tion into, the footing upon which it
stands, with negotiations for compro
mise, leaving open all'further steps un
til the results of this action shall be
known. . ;
We arc not prepared. to advise that
any speedy steps be taken looking to
the nullification of our pecuniary obli
gations, and the injury of our State
credit. Sufficient unto the day is the
evil thereof. The present Assembly
can, probably d nothing in relation
to the I)ebt, beyond appointing com
missioners to investigate, to negotiate
witli the creditors, ai then report to
the next! Assembly whether any basis
lc practicable which will at once pre
serve bur credit, and avoid the ruin of
an enormous taxation.
We think that this ought to be done.
At its face the Debt consists of some
$2),000,000 of principal, and $0,000,000 of
interest.! Of the principal about $8,400,
000 is OW, 9,000,000 is Xew other than
Special Tax, and $11,400,000 is Special
Tar. The Jirsl lot is quoted in the
Northern markets as worth less than
.V) cents in the dollar; the second, at
alout 31 cents, and the third, at a sli
ding scale from about 23 cents down to
much less. A considerable portion of
the third lot is still doubted in point of
constitutionality; a suit to test this
question! has been pending, without
being pressed, for two years passt In
the Supreme Court. Of course, j it is
unnecessary to add that it is also doubt
ed whether the holders of many bonds
of this lot, aro to be regarded m bona
fde. , ; . . 1
Suggestions necessarily arise : from
the above statement of facts. It is not
certain, even with the above quota
tions ruling in the market, that the
bondholders would be willing, at
such rates, to fund their bonds in New
IJondsofJthe State issued . for the pur
pose of consolidating its liabilities and
bringing them within reach of the tax
capacity of the " people. It however
raises auvli'probabUiti, that the State
will have caie to complain, if itsau-
thoritics do not set upon foot a plan for
testing the question.
The question concerns Jfillions of
Dollars, and what we set down here is
merely a rough estimate. Taking into
that estimate both principal and in
terest, in view of th'e above quotations,
it seems not improbable that the whole
Debt can be funded at $11,000,000, or,
if the holders of the N.C. It. R. Bonds
can be induced to exchange at par such
Ikmds for the stock in the Company
now pledged for their payment, the
Debt may be funded at less than $10,
.1100,000, perhaps, even for $9,000,000.
If the N. C. It. ' It. Company were
ottered to the Bondholders upon the
above terms note, there is much proba
bility that they would be accepted.
This is a business transaction, and
business j in relation thereto should be
cut out and entered upon at an early
day. It is the only sort of business that
will solve the difficulty, or prove it to
be insoluble, and we may be allowed
to repeat here that it is a business quite
as competent for the General Assembly
to undertake, as for any Convention.
' Involving as it does the saving to the
State of millions of dollars, or of an in
estimable character, it should be dealt
with in no picayune counterhopplng
temper,' but upon the broad principles
of a reasonable and liberal economy.
Early' next session the whole matter
should be committed to some citizens
of tho State.uninterested therein except
as citizens, of good repute in matters of
finance, known for high character to
the class to which our creditors gener
' allv belong, and whose appointment
shall be a guarantee to such creditors
that the State ' tncans business, and is
disposal to look upon their claims in a
sniritof iustice, at the same time mat
she is ! sensible of the deep poverty
which recent public events have brought
upon her people.
Such commissioners ought to be well
mid and that upon a footing of a de
mand itpon them for their xchole time for
ayearJ Upon the point of bona fides
above mentioned, they would have to
take creat pains, and have at command
more thsui ordinary canacity. Indeed,
in all rcspects.the matter is one of great
Responsibility and great labor; it prom
ises excellent results to the public, and
upon those who shall carry it through.
Of course, in thinking over such a
matter we have not refrained from
lookimr amongst our fellow citizens,
"and selecting (in thought) men for
commissioners. It is none of our busi
ness, Iparticulorly, but in persuading
ourselves that the scheme would trorA-,
we. of course, had to represent to our-
helves persons that could w ork it. The
class, "then, to which we lotok, Is that
whicli contains Mr. Battle, tlate Treas-
urer.r Judere Howard, and General ltu
fus Barringer. There is at present no
politic in me matter, anu tnerejore, in
Vol. 1.
order to keep them out hereafter, both
parties should be represented upon the
.commission. -;
To travelers a distant forest appears
to be. a black, close and impenetrable
wall. Upon approaching it, it is seen
that the component parts of the mass
are trees, whose trunks are widely sep
arated, and sometimes threaded by
broad avenues. Not un frequently is it
so with hard problems involving our
public or private duty at a future day.
Difficulties that at a distance seemea
insurmountable, upon coming up with
them, are sometimes solved, and tra
versed, with ease. In this sense we
may alter a niaxim already quoted,and
say, sufficientunto the evil is the day
It may be so with this Debt. At all
events.if it be not, having thus satisfied
ourselves as to what can, and what can
not be done, we shall be better prepared
por other eventualities.
The question of Constitutional
Amendments will recur at the next
session of the Assembly. A e propose
to throw out a few suggestions in ref-
erence thereto, lor tne purpose oi in
dicating our private views, as well as
to invite discussion by our friends.
We regard the present Constitution
as on the whole a very good one, and,
in particular, as much superior to any
that we have ever had heretofore in
North Carolina.
There are however some propositions
LU1 11.-J UlUVllUtll W V .
will not injure its proportions, or mar
the general effect of liberty and of re
form which it produces.
- We suppose that Mr. Jloms, of me
House of Representatives, will take oc
casion at an early day to renew his
proposal to5 strike out by legislative
amendment the section in regard to
taxation for the purpose of paying the
public debt, recently so much -relied
upon by the promoters of the call of a
Convention, as a means of forcing the
People to make such call. This will be
done by general consent, we suppose,
the Republicans not caring much about
it any way, and the Conservatives
greatly detesting it for its effect upon
their consciences, and being desirous
hat its repeal be put under weigh, as
it is understood that from the point of
a setting about to amend it, it no long
er binds them in point of conscience,,
whatever be its continuing effect in
point of law! All which is vastly cu
rious, but is alluded to here only as
promising an early progress with Mr.
Morris' bill. It is supposed that pos
sibly, it will no longer be buried by a
committee, as at the last session. .
We suggest that the Genera Assem
bly should be remitted to biennial ses
sions; and therefore, that Section 2 of
Article II, of the Constitution should
be modified accordingly.
We also favor the striking out of
such part of Section 5 of Article II, as
requires a Census to be taken by tne
State. It seems to us that such a pro
vision must have found its way into
the Constitution by the mere caprice
of its author, seconded by a general in
advertence upon the part of the other
members of the Convention.
Again, the two tceeks term of the Su
perior Court is a very awkward piece
of machinery, and besides, the detail
as to the number of Judicial Districts
might well be left, as under the old
Constitution, to the wisdom of the
General Assembly. We are therefore
disposed to think that the whole of
Sections 12 and 13 ; of Article IV,
might be erased.
Another matter occurs in this con-
i - - i
nexion. Alter mucn consioeraxion,
fail to see why the State should assume
all expense connected with' the care of
deaf mutes, and of blind and insane
persons no matter how wealthy. The
care of Indigent persons belonging to
those classes is properly a public
charge. Section 10 of Article XI goes
farther, and imposes the care ana
charge of such persons upon the State
without reference to their own means,
or that of their parents. The section
ought therefore to be modified.
We think that our Constitution would
the better for these changes. We
are not however particular about any
of them excepting the Taxation, Cen
sus, arid probably the Legislative ses
sion Clause.
In the mean time we do very well
under it as it stands.
A irreat manv of our friends were
cry agreeably surprised at the vote of
Robeson count v in the recent election.
That county was considered as good for
Convention ; but lo! and behold, wnen
the vote was returned, Convention was
defeated by two hundred' and seventy
three majority! There are no better
workers in the State than James Sin
clair. Col. Nat. McLean, O. S. Hayes,
and R. K. Proctor. The result in Rob
eson is greatly due to the effective can
vass made by these gentlemen. We
understand there is no doubt of Robe
son next year. 1 !
' The Charlotte Observer says Horace
Greely will be in that city at tho Char
lotte Fair, and will be the guest of JNl.
L. Wriston. Can't Mr. KIP. Battle
nmvail udoii Mr. Greely to attend
our Shite Fair?
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Startling Manifesto from the
! sociation."
" Southern As-
" The ' Veiial, Hypocritical New Depar
ture Democracy of the North."
the Independence of the South
May be Secured.
Good Work Already Commenced
in North Carolina,
: r ;
The. Conditions of Separation.
Strictly confidential.
Rooms of Southern Association,
. New York, August, 1871.
Dear Sir: lam instructed by tho
association to hand you copies of
our Jpolitical pamphlet for August.
The action of our association is, of
course, confidential ; but I am permit
ted to state that tho August number
was prepared by one of the most dis
tinguished of Georgia's statesmen.
Please give the pamphlet circulation
among our friends and publication, and
notice by such of your journals as are
sound upon the true principles of demo
cracy, as we hold them,
For the Southern Association.
"Washington. .v.
Lost Caiise May "be Regained,
Being an Address to my Fellow-Country,
Man knows no master save creating Heaven,
Or those whom choice or common good
ordain. Thompson.
Give me leave and I will slay thus dragon,
without sword or st&ff.Apochrypha.
It has got to be a common phrase,
even, among our people, speaking of
Southern independence, to call it .the
" Lost Cause." This is much to be re
gretted. 44 Words are things," and false
ideas jclothed in fine words are potent
for evil. I Our cause is not a lost cause.
It is true we foiled in our first attempt,
but the cause of freedom can never, no
never be lost
' Freedom's fight when once begun.
Bequeathed from bleeding sire to son,"
ever triumphs gloriously in the end.
We have put aside the sword, nor is
it the intention of the writer to advise
you to take it up again. It has been
truly said that 44 Beneath the rule of
men entirely great, the pen is mightier
than the sword." Let us then, al
though we have put down our arms
and ceased the rude shock of war, still
hope, and despair not until all the re
sources of statesmanship and diploma
cy have failed. :
' We have a weapon firmer set,
And surer than the bayonet,
The Ballot, tho' it falls as still
- As snow-Hake on the frozen sod,
Yet executes a Freeman's will
' As lightning does the will of God.
No cause is lost, or eyer can be lost,
which is shrined in the hearts of a great
people, and for which they haVte shed
their most precious blood and offered
up to Heaven their holiest and purest
We of tho South are.
The late war with its horrors and sac
rifices has united us into one a com
mon cause has made us a common
name--and brought out from the chaos
of a disjointed government, a new na-
; wbdf imvn wn in common with the
people of the North except a common
and untrue to speak of the people of
. i i 1 S . a. -v - r
the JNortn ana oum as uuiu uucua-
tion, as li- wouiu w; iu moiu .v,
English peoples are one with us for the
same reason. The English speaking
peoples comprise several distinct na
finnutioa tho "Rnrriish nroner. the
Scotch, the Irish, the Canadian, the
t. iwiit! iv'j ' -"'-in x x r
Trrth Amprinrms oi mo unutu ouucb,
nnri nnrplvps of the South, all distinct
nationalities, yet all speaking tho same
language. . .
t. Writer who treat of such subjects m
a scientific way . have pointed out the
I 1- I -.1. nntinnnlUinj Q rD !-1W-
manntr in wmtii iiiiuuuimiiwi " r
iiircvi from n. naront stock. . The influ
ences most prominent in working these
enanges are uiversny ui tumaic,
oni inemntinns. .From the samestock
WilVt. - " . - .
came the Canadian and the people oi
the Northern States, yet they are un
like each other, and unlike that parent
cfrv orri a hf difference in climate.
laws and institutions between theN orth
ern States and England is greater, so
fiimrnnfi lotwecn them ' is crreater.
No one will deny that America has de
vdnTwl a nntionalitv as distinct from
i Vncri wh Tiponle as the
from the. Italian.
So, too, these Southern States, living
under a totally different climate, and
under peculiar laws, and a peculiar in-
SlltUllOIl, llrtS UOCIUJ'CU t
iifiArnf from either that of the North-
era States or that of the parent English
i Tli A ! i-nrm -hen rrcl. wholC-SOUled,
cliivalric son of the Sunny South is no
1 i m t U n nnlfl -h en rt (H I . cal CU lat 1 11 S.
puritanical Yankee, than a Hollander
io iiVo nn Irishman. I repeat it, then,
we of the South are a Nation, and a
people; distinct from the North, we
hv flifTerent iniDulses. were
reared under different institutions, have
a different theory 01 govern in uui, uuu
are marching forward to a different and
far more erlorious destiny. V
TP4hnM ia onv Ann thine which more
than another marks the progress of the
aire, it .is the emancipation and union
fir si in iiiLiuuauiiu
nM Tiiiinrr from tlio. seven hills o
ancient Rome. The German provinces
of France have escaped irom unuer iue
rioinr. trntn. nnrl the Rhine bfeloncs to
i.ittiniini At. no distant da v the
Gennan lCrovinces of Austria 'Will de-
part from her keeping; already they
gravitate with resistless force to a com
mon centre. Their union will be the
prelude to their independence, when
neither Emperor nor King shall rule
over them, only God and their own
will. . - : ' . ; -
This knittinsr together of similar na
tionalities is irresistible. It takes place
in obedience to a law:-of the human
race, as universal and omnipotent as
the law of gravitation. : Neither the
sword nor " reconstruction, acts," nor
anv form of violence can resist it.
we, tne peopie oi me ouuiu,
nation, different and distinct from the
people of the North, and -no effort to
bind us together by force can succeed.
Such a union can be but temporary,
and while it cap have no durability, it
must; as a consequence, oeing unnat
ural and unjust, be injurious and dan
gerous to both sections. m.t-w .;-
Beware tnen, u ye peopit? in m
North, lest in this mad attempt your
own liberties are forever lost. ' ;
Tho nreliminarv Dhilosophical con
siderations are intended as introducto
ry to what follows. It ls the design oi
the writer to point out the means by
whioh tho Cause can be regained
The first steD is to turn our back for
ever upon the venal, hypocritieal,flilse
hearted, Yankee "new departure" de-
mocracy oi me xNurin. . 1,
Thev have ever deluded and deceived
us, thought above the grovel
ing and greedy thirst for the spoils of
ofiice: they are ever ready to sacrmp
principle to expediency. 1 ;
Tliey encourageci us iiilo uieuui
and then basely deserting us, came
with arms in their hands at the beck
and bidding of a fanatical abolition ad
ministration, to lay waste our fair fields
and crimson our hearthstones with the
blood of our brave children. j
Let us be true to ourselves. Shame
on the false, craven-hearted Southerner
who "accepts the situation," when that
0ifna nn is one. ot neneiidence ana
slavery to a Northern conqueror. I .
"Accept the situation I", What is the
situation? Let me tell you, my coun
trymen ; or rather look around you
The State sovereignties overthrown
and the government seized by a horde
of Northern adventurers, foreigners,
who, upheld by the power of the bayo
net, rule the people with cool impunity
and run riot in the spoils wrung from
n fiowntrorlden and oppressed people.
Look at the ever proud, chivalne ana
i . . . it . 1 J.
Morions Htate ot boutn .uaroiuni iruus-
formed into a burlesque African rejmb-ii-whilo
in everv Southern State an
animal herd of brutal negroes are
onlv o-iven the power to wield the
lot, but to sit in high places, hold Office
and rule over us, "tne iree uoniwHis oi
free born sires." - , ,
Rnrhisthe situation. You know it
..rn f m irf ill -rnii nfwnr it
Never until couraere and manhood: dies
out in every Southern heart and a I race
of cowards and traitors rise up to fill our
. Turn, then, your backs upon the so-
nnilorl rlemoeracv of the North, i ou
hn ve no nart nor lot with tnem.
Disfranchised and held in bondae,it
ii of no conseauence to you by Wiiat
party name the oppressor may De
known who may nereaiter siliu,
desecrated chair of Washington.! lie
true to vourselves and let the Yankee
nn Hon elect its own rulersin its own
way. . '!,,-.
Concentrate all vour energies and at
ten tion unon vour own domestic politi
cal affairs. Firmly and without falter
ing persevere in your purpose until the
last State iii the Soifth is emancipated
from radical rule. ' J '
Use the powers yet left you, and oy
peaceable yet irresistible measures seize
upon tne several rate jjuvenuuns
nsul then UNITE ana djunu u
T?Tr:irTS: .'ine anneal win nut uem
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vnin. Rnch are the means by which
your independence may yet be achiev
ed. ' ' I -
Tn order that you. my lellow-coun-
trvmpn. mnv fullv realize the glorious
onnortnnitv- which now offers, permit
mo more in detail. IO point out ui
5X ..4-
mode in which the lost cause may
7,7 A peaceable means,
the rjiflical State administrations I and
elect in every Southern State, Southern
men to office, from the Chief Execu
tive and Legislature down to the lowest
Second When thi3 is done call a Con
vention of the States, elect a President for
a proposed Southern Confederacy, who is
to he inauauraled ichen the inde
pendence of the South Is acknowledged.
Tnira Appoint a miuuuh? wm
sion to proceed to Washington, a sec
ond time, to j .
and treat for a peaceable separation, y
There is nothing in; the programme
contrary to law, and you need not tear
nnother war.' : i . .
The demand, if firmly made a second
time by a unitetl South, wTiii be grant
ed. We will then, indeed, be told
. - ! s t
Already in North ;Carolina has the
good work commenced. The. radical
Governor is impeached and the obnox
ious reconstruction acts, unconstitution
al and void, have become there a dead
letter, while so deep seated at the
North is the repugnance to any renew
al of the late war,that the Yankee gov
ernment at Washington has not dared
to interfere.
Follow then, my countrymen, the
example. set by North Carolina. (It is
indeed a "new departure" well worthy
of imitation. . . f
That this plan will succeed is very
apparent from the following consider
ations: . : J
First Tliere is nothing in tt contrary
to law. .-- .'
Second The c-rth are tired of war;
they would not consent to another.
The whole railroad and moneyed in
terests of the country capitalists every
wherewould unite and form a peace
party and and
letting us fro.
advise the
propriety of
It would then be evident to ail tnat
the old Union based on fraternal feel
ing has become impossible, and that
no union could ever be; maintained
without a large standing army, invol
ving a great and burdensome increase
of ta.T5i.ti on to Runnort it.and endanger
ingtheliberty of the Northern people
themselves. ..
' ' ' h:- rls: ;.; demand! : :. j '
We should tell the people of the
North that we wished no line of custom
louses stretched across the Continent.
Free trade, as now, between all the
States should be guaranteed bytreaty,
also the free and common use and navi
gation of the Mississippi and other
great water courses. v 1
In return for wmcn tne Koutn snouiu
be released from all participation in the
payment of the Northern war deot, ior
our brave people will never consenti to
pay a cent of a debt , contracted to f Or
nish the means to enslave tnem. -
An alliance, offensive and defensive
against all the rest of the world, should
also be entered into. - These thiiigs
should form tha fundakkXAJ' con
ditions 6f separation,and as such could
never be avoided. - J
After leerallv and peaceably maknig
this demand, let it be submitted to the
people; let tnem vote on it anu ueciuo
it. In the meantime let the present
status continue. A larsre party would
at once spring up in the North friendly
to our purpose, and, backed by all 1he
moneyed corporations and capitalists,
favor the crrantincr of our independence.
It would be the direct issue among ne
. - -a l 111
people. The South voting as a unit
and thaNorth divided our, cause woif Id
ultimately triumph, as it would soon
become apparent that separation would
be for the best interest of all the people,
loth North and South.
Fellow citizens, it is well worth the
trial. The opportunity is at hand, Jdo
not necrlect it. Beorin the srood work
nt, once, and the dav E? not far distant
when a Southern sun snail snine upon
" . -m I
the Southern land, free and indepen
That erlorious banner which wTas 1 so
sadly furled at Appomattox, will omce
more lly lreeiy irom tne japittuai
Richmond, and he who of right ought
to sit there to preside over our destiny,
be recalled from his retirement anUd
hc rejoicings of a redeemed people.
- : ; NORTH. .
" Corao let us reason together."
: hnve nnssed throuffh one of
o-reatest military strusrcrles of modern
We of the South were at war v
you of the North. For us it was a
for Indenendence. For you it WTa
"war for1 the Union." People of
North, was not this war a failure to
We fought for an independence
did . not achieve; you fought fo
Union which vou have not yet r
i zed both sections failed to obtain
obiect for 'which they fought so l
and so well.
The Union established by the fa
ers of the republic was founded u
fraternal feelings between the Sta
nnrl the laws which made it were o
useful as an expression and guid
that fraternal sentiment.
When hate succeeded to love -that
moment the Union was practieajlly
dissolved. All laws are useful amdng
a free people which are revered and
respected. j
The people of the South can nefer
fraternize with you. The war has ren
dered any Union, save a union of forpe,
impossible forever. 1
We have become essentially a differ
ent people," and can only regard you as
foreigners. No matter what aspiring
noliiieinns mav tell vou. this is the
true and prevailing: sentiment of
mass oi iiiu ouuuieui t
then.' trv to force us to adhere t
- - j.1 1 .4 1, - 1 1" WT
ha ted Union? What benefit can it
to you? It is time that you should
nsk this ouestion ? Be not blinded fby
the lust of dominion or the pride of
conquest, but calmly inquire whether,
under all the circumstances, a peaceful
separation would not be greatly to the
advantage of both sections.
; That ideal union for which you
fought has, by the very act of war, be
come an impossible dream. Nothing
remains but a union of-force a cbn
onered oeoble. held unwilling captives
within the bonds of a hated union. I It
was not for this you fought. Alas !the
war for the Union defeated itself in con
quering a peace.
Are not these-things so? Can you
flenvthemin vour candid moments?
All the arts of vour best statesmen
since' the close of the war have hot
been able to bind up the broken frag
ments of the old Union : each fresh Jat-
bmnt ' nt. legislation looking to that
end has but increased the exasperation
of our people and widened the breach.
Tt. is now onlv n Union on papen a
contfnuity of territory pictured on. the
map. That is all there is left. The
ii TTnirtn with nil its sacred emblems
and beloved associations, is a thing! of
I the past. ; These are unpleasant truths,
Why hot, then, consent to a peaceable
iii 1 1 i uri t: l n iiu &ui
separation' lou nave iwniu
enono'h : voil reach from ocean to ocean.
Thf trrejrt, Likes are vours. and noble
ri vats hv the score. You have wealth
nnrl nrosneritv far exceeding us, sind
mrm Toiifrh to stow in for centuries
. wv- "O O j
tn nnirie. 1
Leave us then our own Sunny South.
Let us'there develop our own theory
of P-overnment. re-establish and per
petuate our own domestic institutions
and wnrk' out unaisiurutti uufwwu
, With free trade between us and the
common use of all the natural high
ways of commerce you will lose noth
incr nn the contrnrv.i the sreat sain
toyou will fully compensate youfor
releasing us from paying any poruou
of your war debt, while at the saime
time we will thus be placed in a con
dition to pay the debt which we con
tracted for our defence, and which ls
renulinieft. tn the disaroce of lthe
(ffloifrtf. Each section thus honorably
discharging its own debt, ' the whole
will he naid. and, the credit and repu
tation of the entire people, both North
nnd Sonth. maintained. An alliance,
offensive and defensive, against all jthe
world, will enable America to fulfil
her manifest destiny. . A fraternal
feelincr would be restored if separated
hv mutual consent, and the two repub
lics t'O on hand in hand in a eareeB of
lory unsurpassed
lstory. . '! -. M
On the contrary, if vou insist on
keeping us, you have; but another Po
land, or Ireland, on your hands. (Think
not that the feelings engendered by
the late war will soon die out.
It is but a short time since the; streets
of vour city of New - York were) crim
soned by blood shed Sby a hatred en
gendered in a civil war,! wmcn was
fousrht on anotner nemispnere, anu
era people will remember Appomat-
tox as lonsr as the defeated Irish have
remembered the battle of the Boyne.
Think of these things calmly ; do not
let demagogues and (politicians blind
you ; make the expediency or a peacea-
hie senaration bv mutual consent an
issue in your political campaigns. Ar
gue the question, discuss it, reason up
on it.' : ' : 1; .1 ' i
bonds alone that makes a strong cen
tralized covernment necessary for you.
Tn consequence vou are fast hecoming
a military government, and unless jthe-i
present tendency towards centraliza
tion is checked vour liberty will be
forever lost and vour republic go down,
like all others before, beneath the
strong arm of somet military chief
tain. I. ' !
' fimntiisour independence and the
necessity for all these things will ; van
ish. You can then restore your gov
ernment to its primitive simplicity,
and feel that your liberty is forever secure.-
; :. :- i t ' ,
The Independence of the South and
the peace, prosperity and liberty of the
North are mseparaoiy iikcu lomei.
Without lie former is ponceaeu, tne lai-
ter will soon be rorever lost!
Aug. 1871.
The followinsr preamble and resolu
tion were adopted by the.Ktate ixnven-
j e 1. 1 ,1 U, A flnnf.i TPnT-i
tion of Georeria. held
a 1871:
" ..i-" ! hi.. n r
wherens t ie re!Uiiar conuiiiun ui
the colored neoole m the boutnern
States, growing out oi axomumauun
Z . U! X!
oi ims yuuveuuu"' , iL
practical understanding ant paiurm
and natural
r .. i it.i J.
J A- .-.n a rm v n -wtti npu
tnorougn union 01 euurt, atuuu,..
ttrottjiizatmn mav exist: anu- u
v-c"r . ' is r
vv herens we neneve a uonveuuoii ui
the Southern States would most happi
lv snnnlv this exigency I and receive
the cordial endorsement of the colored
citizens ot said states : xnereiore .
t?po1 verl . That we the , meniDers 01
the Oeorfria; State Convention now as
sembled, do authorize the President of
inia ujuveuuuu iaj ioouc van
nnmA hf the said Convention Mor a
Southern State Convention, to be held
at such time and place as he and those
with whom he mav advise shall deter
mine best adapted to the puonc con
venience. . ' i : i ; I
Tim a hove is a true extract from tne
minutes of the Georgia State Conven
tion. ! ; 1 !! . I ".if i
. Secretary of Convention
;! I. r i- -,r-.:. i
To the Colored Citizens of the Skdes of
AhihamA. Arkansas. Delaware. Flor
ida. Georrfia, Kentucky, Louisiana,
Tennessee, Maryland, Mississippi,
Missouri, North Carolina, South Car
olina, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia,
and the District of Columbia:--
TTavfncr been deputed, in pursuance
of the above resolution, as" President
of the Georgia State I Convention, and
by the endorsement of the distinguish
ed . n-entlemen whose S names are sub-
inineo4. we do hereby call the! above
j , .. - r
named uonvenuon w mwi m-
of Columbia, South Carolina,
he city
on the
18th day of October, 1871, at 12 j
xueriuan. i ! u .
As the Convention did not advise as
to what should constitute the ratio oi
renresentation. we suffsrest that the re
spective States be representatively , ap
portioned the same as they arej in the
Congress of the United States, to wit :
one delegate from each Congressional
District, and two irom tne uu at
large, and two from the District of Co
lumbia. The several Congressional
Districts will elect their own delegates,
which elected delegates may meet and
elect two for the State at largey unless
the respective States j shall otherwise
provide by State Conventions, j
Those who may be accredited as del
egates should meet I the Corfventioii
prepared to remain iri session a week,
if necessary, as questions requiring ma
ture rieliheration wiir doubtless be
hrnno-ht. before it. and should not be
disposed of precipitantely.
I Most respectfully,
A II. M. TuhNEii,
President Georgia State Convention.
Macon, Ga., May iwi.
Innumerable are the devices of ad
vertising, and how the world got along
without it in the days of no neypapers
baffles conjecture. A new device is the
plan of Mr. Walker,! an Englishman,
who proposes that the stamping; instru
ments used by the Post-Offico in mark
ing letters, should imprint with the
post-mark some brief advertisement
arranged around the margin of the or
rlinnrv imnression. ' Thus all I the let
ters delivered in any. particular district
would be made to Dear any specmeu
advertisement of which the words were
few in number. A great revenue is
Eromised from the business ; but ff the
British post people do not stamp letters
mom lefjriblv than most letters are
stampeoHin the United States the ad
vertisement thus . half-printed; twill be
nothhing but a chronic botheration
The surgeons and "physicians of Jersy
City are just now much exercised over
the case of Frederick Prout, who, on
the Cth inst.i was thrown out of a wag
on and had his neck broken. The hos
pital sursreoris all decided that Prout
would die in a few hours,' but, j strange
to say, he is still alive, and talks freely,
though his body is paralyzed from his
shoulders downward, lie presents the
singular appearance of a man I whose
head is only alive, thel rest of his body
being practically dead. The surgeons
now say that his -recovery is not im
possible, . . '
i Untes of Vdvertislrifl: I T
One square, ono time, - - - - -: $1 00
j . two uines,- - -. - 7 ,i nu
I three times.- - - - ' 2 00
A square is the width of a column, and
inches deep. ' - , i
ffiS-Contract Advertisements taken n
proportionately low rates. : ; ! J
Professional uarus, notexeeoaiug i wpinrei
will bo published one year for $12. . J
: For the Carolina Era.
Now that the battle has been fought,
the smoke cleared away, tho denns
removed, and the minds or reasoname
men Supposed to have resumed their
proper orbit, it lehooves us to look a$
our material condition, unswayed- btf
the nets of the demairotruc or the wile
of the ambitious and adventun)us placer
seeker. We have been told during
this contest,that unless Convention was
earned, that the aJroat Ite next-
session, wouiu oe comixuieu i M'vj' i
interest on the State debt. 1 must no
permitted to doubt the truthfulness of
this assertion. I have thought and .
still think, this was a threat to intimi
date voters Into a support oi tne revo
lutionary scheme. That we must pay.
or show some signs of payment, all
honest men agree, and we must set
about it. We must not let tho cloud or
dishonor that now seemn to lower oyer
our house, paralyzing an our nirHT.,
to gather any further volume VVo
can do nothing as a State or a : people,
while we refuse payment lor money,
advanced to us, and for which we have
property, the represenuuivo oi umi. .
money advanced. vimi uuvvuunci
That is the first question ; . for until! a
clear understanding ishad on this point,
it is unwise for the Legislature to act.'.
Kemp P. Battle, the then accompusn
ed and distinguished Treasurer of the
State, furnished to the Convention of
1808 upon a resolution of that body,tho
statement that tho State had issued
bonds, and that nt October ist, iu,
there was due, $12,47U,u7U.ou
Estimated net outstanding
due, . 1,500,000.00
Stocks, r WW
Bonds, f '
: XTrtw If tKia twi trne nnfl T doubt not.
Where Is the difficulty of dealing with
the debt? The subsequent indebted
ness I will come to presently, wnen an
individual has a debt, and has proper
ty, if he refuses to pay suit can -bo in
stituted, judgment obtained, and an
execution levied, and ineamouni muut?
f J.4 . . rnri "VT HI! fHlll't
pVHtP lV is the obligation less
nav an honest debt, particularly when
".flv thR roI)resentatlon of that
I T v w r .
money borrowed from others, ano! are
?ta rlivirlends; i The people of.
North Carolina are a ouiet, law-loving,
and law-abiding people, and honest
withal, and pay their taxes without
violence. They are well taxed, and
complain; and while they complain,
they j are obedient, and will pay any .
exaction. But they say now', why tax
me further, if you have property ;to
pay the debt, or diminish it; then, I
am willing to be taxed for the excess. 1
Is not this good logic, as well as good
reasoning? The eyes of tho bond hol
der are now open too, and he don't in
tend thatthe State shall enjoy his money
and wealth, and make no show oi pa
sold out,
ment. If the assetts oi the state are
innieiouslv. this debt can be wiped
j - v f , , , , r. ii!..
and. no honest man ougut u ruunu ji
propbrty and keep his creditors at bay,
much less a great sovereign State.
What is the character of a State, with-,
out an untarnished honor? Now as to
the debt since Convention. Of this, it lis
difficult to say what wo owe. Our J u
diciary, have made decisions, that I
think, rule out about eight or. ten .mil
lions, and how muchimord, I won t
undertake to say. 13ut be this as it
mav. Let three of our most accom- ...
plished and able lawyers and financiers
be appointed to separate the valid from
the invalid debt, with the duty also
from examining: the legislation to give
to the Legislature their opinion as to
which can, arid which cannot bo en
forced. The Legislature will thus hnfe
a stand point from which they can act
advisedly. This can be done n
thirty : days, leaving, tho -Legislature
sufficient time to act as' their, wisdom
may direct. It may be that a Western
man may object. 1 tell him he ought
not, because the State cannot help hi(n
in its present impoverished condition.
If it passes into other hands, they may
build his roads for him and furnish a
means or transportation, xnv Wil
mington & Weldon ltoad is now owned
by others than the State," and yet Its
condition is improved- The Ilaleigh
& Gaston Railroad I belongs to others
than the State, and yet its condition
has continued to improve ri nee the Ntaio
sold out its interest. No monopoly
can ever seriously affect the State, be
cause when a business is prosperous,
energy and thrift will set up competi
tion, until we get a denser popula
tion .we need not fear railroad influ
ences will control' our polities, as in
Pennsylvania, Ohio, New-York, arid
other densely populated commercial, as
eonstradistimruished from agricultural
States. We may bring help to our
State by this course, we may uy in is
means use other men's money to build
our railroads. It is certain that wo
have not the money, and that the char
acter of tho legislation is such as to
drive what money we have, from the
State for investment. No ln-tter men
in the 'State (without, being invidious
or dictatorial) could be appointed than
Hon. 13. F. Moore, Hon. V. 1 1, liable
and Kemp P. Battle, j
Something must Ikj done, if we would
preserve our iime-nonorei inumj.
and prevent drifting into the scylla of
repudiation, now growing rife and
bloated with belchinir and dishonest
office-seekers, who are continually re
galing the dear people with their
wrongs of taxation. SellyourrailroadK
for cash, and if the purchaser bought
the Bonds of the State, and was willing
to take the quotation price, give him
credit to that extent; if not, take your
money and go into, tho market and buy
your Bonds. The State would not bo
without a precedent in this matter.
Again: Individuals can manage busi
ness with moreeconomy than the State,
and it would take from the. Legislature
a vast source of corruption in tho ap
pointment of officials, letting out jobs
and taking away from tho Executive,
the patronage, not wielded at all times
for the best public interest now grown
fearful in larger States, and at the Cap
ital of the Nation. ' PLYMOUTH.
The National Educational Conven
tems of the South.
tion at St. Louis adopted resolutions
favoring any plan, giving jKvuniary
aid to the struggling- educational, sys

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