j ' . '! '' Unit' ' of AdvorUsinc I ; TRI-WEEKLT AND WEEKLY BY THK ERA PUBLISHING COMPANY. TCntes of 8ubcription i Tm-WKEKt.Y Onoear. In advance, $3 00 One mquai-4 one tiif, - 7- - -' $1 00 4 tt two limes,-' - - - 1 M ; three times,- - - j -V 2 00 ' A square is the wUllh of a column, and 1 J inches deep. ' , ;-t-f' Vt w .sep Contract Advertisements taken at proportionately low rates. ' ; . t Professional Cards, notcxeeeding 1 square, will be published one year for 12. " r G mo runs, in advance, 'Z w 3 months, in advance, 1 00 , 1 month, in advance, L0 . v, J- Weekly One year; in advance, $1 00 Vol. 1. RALEIGH, N. C, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1871. No. 16. i six monuis, in aavance, ix) 4? WW A HORRIBLE CRIME IN NEW YORK CITY. ;)n Saturday, the 2Cth ult., the body of a young woman was discovered in a trunk at the Hudson Itiycr depot, In New York city. Ve learn from our exchanges that the trunk was carried to the depot early !in the morning by a truckman.- The trunk was very heavy so much so that the truckman had to get a boy to assist in placing it on the platform. The lady who had the trunk taken to the depot rode tot the deot in a carriage. She had the trunk checked to Chicago. For some reason unknown,the trunk remained on the platform for several hours in the hot Sun. One of the-railroad officers observed that the trunk emitted a very unpleasant oder, and had it broken open. In it was found the body of a beautiful young lady about twenty years old. An examination was Im mediately had, anil the physician gave it as his opinion that an attempt to produce an abortion had been made, which resulted in death.-' ; From the evidence of the truckman, linKu.-pffi. n. nretended doctor, -,u nrrvi n ihi mnn xvlin i-nmniit fp.i tWr?monf ntrtim. J The popu- i ni-in,wfnrfmm the oflta for the! i-of applying Judire Lvnch. but did not succeed. . . . , a! i The lKxly was exposed at the morgue for several days before it was identified. It was at lafct recognized by Dr. Kinne, of Patterson, Newj Jersey, as the body of A lice A; IJowfsby. Other persons '.from Patterson who were intimately acquainted with the deceased, also rec ognized the body.j It appears from the evidence that Miss Bowlsby hail been seduced by Walter Conklin, who had beenpaying her considerable attention, j She went to New York city for the .purpose of hiding her shame,! where she was mur dered by Jacob Itozenzweig, .a quack doctor. When the body was identi fied, the house of Ilosenzweig was thoroughly searched. In a wash-tub was found a fine jlawn .handkerchief, with"A.Ai Bowlsby" in one confer. The servant girl jof Rosenzweig also testified that a young lady, whose de scription answered to that of Miss linwKliv ontrrpl flmhniisn Wcdnesdav I , . afternoon, the 23d inst. She saw her enter, but did not see her leave. She recognized several garments as those the 'deceased had on when she entered the house. : When it was known in Patterson that the body found in the trunk was that of Miss Alice A Bowlsby, of that City, public opinion at once implicated Walter Conklin as the seducer.. Conk lin was approached on thej subject by several of his friends, but"; denied all complicity in the affair. On Thursday, the 31st inst., Conklin went to the mill where he was a clerk and time-keeper as usual. He read the papers and seemed sonicwhai depressed, but not excited, and attended to his duties, one portion of which was the care of the mill office in the absence of the other hands at dinner J At about 12:45, as Alice Edge, one of the girls employed in the factory, was passing the silk vault, which is in the rear of the office, she heard groani. Looking in, she saw Conklin extended on jthe floor; running to two men, named Ridgeway and George, who are employes in the factory, she told . them Conklin's con dition. They ran in, and found on the floor of this vault or safe the insensible form of Walter Conklin ; just back of the left ear was an ugly wound from which the blood was flowing in a stream; heart and pulse were beating, but very feebly. He was carried out into the room back of the office, and the doctor was summoned, while word was sent to his father and brother. The doctors arrived, and found the young man's injuries fatal ; his life slowly but surely ebbing away through the wound back of the ear. The shot, which had been fired from a small re volver, entered just back-of his right car, and passed up toward the temple, under which it lodged without coming out.! The protuberance caused vn. felt near the risrht by the Iwll! temple, He never moved after falling, ! but he lay 'upon his back on the! floor, the blood still oozing from his wound. His father and brother arri veil before he died, but he never recognized them. At t twenty-five! minutes past one o'clock he died. ;In his coat pocket was' found the following note : I have long ruul a morbid idea of. the worthlossness of life, and riovr t ho obliged to tetUY in this affair and cause unnleas niitiWW to my family i more than hfo is worh. .... i . (iood hv, dear father, mother, brother, and sister. Walt. It, was written in a good even, but sl'gbtly nerv ous hand, upon a scrap of letter paier, without address or direc- tioni ; . Rosa Rosenzweig, the daughter of the quack doctor, has been arrested as an ammiplice. It also appears from the evidence before the coroner, that Figa Rosenzweigi niece of Jacob Rosenz weig, who once lived with her. uncle, was driven from hts house.' Figa was afterwards heard to say that she had a hold upon the doctor and she intended to make him give her some money. She got fifty dollars from jhim at one time. Desiring to return to Poland from whence she j came, j Rosenzweig cave her a ticket by one of the steam shin lines. The girl is missing. Her name as one of the passengers to Eu rope can not be ! found. Whether she registered under an assumed name has been made wav with by her un- cle, yet remains undisclosed. . This is one , of the most atrocious crimes on record. It is to be hoped that Jacob Rosenzweig will dance be tween the heavens and the earth nothing, for the part he lias, played in this horrible aftair. He is to all intents a murderer, and we believe It will be so found by any jury that may sit in judgment upon his case. The woman who had the trunk checked to Chicago has not been found. CONVENTIONS OF COLORED MEN. ' A National Convention of Colored men will meet in St. Louis, Missouri, on the 22d of this month. Another Convention will be held in Columbia, South Carolina, on the 18th of October. The people of St. Louis are preparing to crive the colored people who attend the Convention in that city, a cordial a reception. The Democrat of that city reports that the colored men of differ ent States are selecting delegates, and arc determined to be well represented. I Thp rmvr. rr thP I nnvpntinn m TO fllS- cuss measures to promote the interests of the colored race eenerally. But the main object seems to be to consult upon the proposition to fix upon some day wnicn is memoraDie in me nistory ui the colored race, to be commemorated herenfrer ns'n. raneral .holidav. It is said that many of them are in favor of selecting the Fourth of July as a day in which they are now equally inter ested with all other citizens of the United States. But many think . that the First of January, the anniversary of the day on whichthe Emancipation Proclamation took "effect, is more ap propriate. The 30th of March, in com memoration of the Fifteenth Amend ment ; the first of August, because on that day the British emancipated their. slaves in the West Indies, and the 22d of September, which will be the anni versary of the promulgation of emancK pation in this country,, have also their advocates. . ni L! ! nieijonveiiiioii in kajiuuiuiu is uuioi, for "ereneralrconsultation"- of the con- dition of the enfranchised people of the Southern States. In the excited con dition of society there, efforts are sure to be made to give it a political bear- ing. But the precise object of its pro-j jectors is not clearly known. The Con vention will attract the attention of; both political parties, as it may have some influence" in several of the South ern States. CALIFORNIA REDEEMED WHOLE STATE TICKET ELECTED. We learn from The Richmond Dts natch of the 8th. that California has been carried by the Republicans. M. Couerhlan. Republican, is elected to Congress in the 3d District. , ' Sanreant. Republican, is elected. to' Congress in the 2d District. San Francisco gives one "thousand majority for the Republicans. The Legislature is largely Republi can. . Booth, Republican, is elected Gover nor by seven thousand majority. "' This is refreshing news for Brick Turner and Conventionists. ; Mr. Douglas, Commissioner of In ternal Revenue, states, in reply to a letter from the United States assessor at Fayetteville, NC, that, since May 1. oeddlers are not reauired to be li- 1 -M. - , .( and. therefore, they have no right, as peddlers, to sell tobacco. Manufacturers are only authorized to sell tobacco in full packages, put up as prescribed In section sixty-two, and stamped as required by section sixty- seven. Peddlers employed by manu facturers to sell their goods have right in this respect, which their prin cipals, manufacturers, have not, arid, therefore, such peddlers can only sell in original and unbroken packages, am dealers become liable if they retail man- ufactured tobacco otherwise than from original and properly stamped pack- ages. Thoroughly Rebuked. Senator Albright, of Chatham, carried Al bright's Townhip in. Chatham county in August, 1870, for tlie Senate. In Auerust. 1871. he was a candidate for O w w School Committeeman, and was beaten one hundred and twenty votes. It is said that he feels sufficiently rebuked for his votes on impeachment and the Convention bill. His future political prospects are All-dark. It is ever thus with those who wantonly betray the interest of the people. Let tt bk Known. We published a card last week from Messrs. Nichols A Gorman denying that they had any knowledge or aeenev in the new democratic orean which the radicals talk of starting in this city.: This is an old talk of two years standing. They offered at one time to buy the Sentinel and have it run by a democrat They offer ed Mr. Pell twice ; what. he asked lor the paper if he would advocate their railroad policy, and financial projects and . plans.- Will The Sentinel inform the public what Nichols &, 'Gorman's "Tailroad Tllpvnntl financial nrokx.ts and plans" wfirGo ; , .. , fl!f j For the Carolina Era. AMENDMENTS OF THE CONSTITUTION. (No. 2.) Art. IV relates to the Judicial De partment. Taking the new system as a whole, it is a great improvement over the old one. It has had to encounter not only the opposition of partizanship . which may always be expected to be reckless ana blind : but also the nonest prejudices of the older members of the profession who found it much easier to condemn it ignorantly than to consider it fairly. Tne opponents or tne new system have scarcely agreed at all upon its merits. They have preferred to prejudice it by the most unfair and un generous defamation of the Judges in mass, and of most of them personally and particularly. It cannot, be said that every Judge on the Bench is with out imperfection, -but the defamation has been grossly beyond any truthful ground : so notoriously so, that it has failed of all effect except to impair the just repute due to the offie, and to en courage lawlessness among those other wise inclined to be lawless. At what period in the history of this or any other State were there not Judges on the Bench of .whom it could be truly said that they might be .wiser or more learned? Have the older members of the bar, who, if they do not lead, do in too many instances countenance this general defamation ; forgotten the com plaints' which they habitually made, during the old system, of the ignorance, taO;SatSct -V' ' J . . ' present set of Superior Court Judges are not inferior as a class to those we have heretofore had. Comparisons are odious, and nothing could justify me in a comparrison of the present Judges personally, with their predecessors, aisparagmgly to any one of either body, L This topic cannot be usefully pursued I further : but I think the bar of the State owes it to the high position which it occupies in public esteem, hereaiter, to discountenance all general, undis- criminating defamation of the judiciary as a partizan weapon. If there be in competence or corruption in any one or more of the Judges, the remedy is well known, and the present Legislature has shown that it has no squeamishness in using it. All general denunciations of the Judges strike not at the Judges, but at tltc election of Judges by the people. I am free to confess that this is a mode of selection that, individually, I do not approve ; but I am equally sin cere in savinar. that in mv opinion, it is decidedly preferable to election by the Legislature. It is a digression to consider this question at all, because the present plan is fixed for the present, without the possibility of change. It will suffice therefore to say, that, 1st. The Legislature is not a more intelli gent judge of the adaptation of a par ticular lajvypr for the Judgship than the people at large are. 2d. The Leg islature is at least as much under parti zan influence, tending to make them select a partizan for a Judge, regardless Of his qualifications, as the people can be. 3d. The Legislature can be opera ted on by corrupt; influences, or by personal solicitation, which the people of the whole Stiite never can be. The objections which I have to both modes of election are these : 1. In neither is there any personal responsibility, in loss of reputation, or otherwise, for a bad choice. 2. Neither the Legislature or the people can be acquainted with the fit ness of any particular person for the place. J? or these reasons, x inniK ine selec tion of all judicial officers, should be left with the Governor, subject to the approval of the Senate. But these are merely my individual views. I am conscious they are not the views of the Republican party ; and l have no reason to believe that they are the views of the Conservatives, consequent ly. I sucrGrest no change of this sort. I submit to the election of Judges by the people as now ordained. There follows; then, for consideration, under this article, l8t. The number oj superior voun Judges: Under the old system there were eight Superior Court Judges, and five or more J ustices to noma jounry iourt i. T T 1 XI in each county.- unuer uju prusc-uL system there are twelve Superior Court .Tudjres and no County Courts. But for the clamor of some of the Conserva tive press, I .should consider this change as too obviously proper to be worthy of anv discussion. The Additional number of Judges does not add to, but mut necessarily materially diminish the expense of the administration of justice. The expense of the four additional Judges is $10,000 per year. Against this is to be set off the expense of the four County Courts perr year in each county, which consisted not only in the pay of the Justices who held the courts, which was in part, the most in codsiderable item, but of the pay and loss of time of the jurors, witnesses and parties to suits in these courts. It may safely be said that the old system was the most dilatory and expensive which ever existed in any State in the world, or which it was possible for the stupid ity of man, unassisted by accident, to blunder into. There was, or might bo, a first trial of all causes before a court which might sometimes be corrupt, and was always professedly ingnorant and incapable of exercising any just or intelligent control over the course of proceedings. There was no reasonable certainty that a given cause would be tried at any term, although it might le called for trial at any hour of any day, consequently parties were com pelled to keep their witnesses constant- ly in attendance during whole terms, and if perchance, a case was called, it ofterj happened that a continuance was necessary by reason of the absence of some witness whose absence perhaps had been known of all along, or per haps was caused by the very uncertain ty of the time proper for his attendance. After all this delay and expense, more than sufficient, under a proper system, for the fair and just trial ; if a judment were given, the defeated party, ft able to give an appeal bond, might nullify the judgment, which so became utterly worthless, and the parties were com pelled to go, in the Superior Court, through the same costly, dilatory and henrt-breakinsrwurse. until finally all accidents concurring, a trial was had I which decided the facts in controvery. All the advantages of jsuch a system were obviously on the side of him who resisted a just demand, especially if hp was rich ; all its disadvantages on the side of an honest suitor; for justice, es pecially if he was poor. And not the least of its evils, was the opportunities it offered to an indolent Judge to post- pone tne hearing oi a irouoiesome cause, or to a partizan or an ignorant one, to decide a cause by a side blow, without responsibility, and without a chance of revision. To) those who re member the inconveniences of this system, amounting to iniquities, there can be no feeling connected with the new system, so strong as that of heart felt gratitude that we have got rid of the old one. It was a disgrace to the civilization of the age, and its destruc tion went far to atone for every disas J x i i trous result of the war. William A. Graham, despite many! errors of judg ment caused by his inability to eman cipate his mind from the bigotry of par tizanship, possesses sonie of the prime qualities of a statesmani Long ago he saw and had the boldness to condemn the iniquities I have depicted. But so bound in with a corrupt; system of ring government was this old County Court establishment: so close; a monopoly of small patronage was it ; so inextricably blended with party methods oi govern ing counties; that even his great in fluence was unable to shake it. It stood firm on its base of, ignorance, cor ruption and bigotry, until the earth quake which snapped the fetters of the white, as truly as it did those of the black men of North Carolina, over threw it, never to be restored. This discussion of the! old system has carried me somewhat off the direct line, of the present argument. But the con clusion is clear, that the present system must be less expensive than the old, because it is speedier. Formerly causes hung on .the docket for jy-ears ; now if a cause is hot promptly tried, it is, by the consent of both parties, Or, it is a crime for which a Judge should be, and may be, impeached. The Convention ofi 18G8 thought twelve Judges not too many for a mil- ion of people, and they have not proved to be so. If so, why the complaint m so many counties tnai I ine courts au- Lirn without having gone tnrougn with and cleared the dockets? If in some populous districts! the Judge has more than he can do, and in other dis tricts less, the Assembly may enlarge the' latter circuits, and increase the frequency of the courts in the others. Public opinion should hold tlid Judges strictly up to an observance of the Code, and if a Judge is delinquent, it can onlybebytheconnivan.ee of the bar and of suitors. ' 2. The number of Justices of Siqireme Court: . : l ' I I have already consumed so much space that upon, this point I shall be exceedingly brief. The Judges of this court were 'increased frojm three to five, not for the purpose of lessening; but of increasing their labors. If the former courts had a fault it was that, some times, cases were hastily decided. There was not sufficient conflict of opinion to compel deliberation. ; The influence of one great mind was exce s sive. There was a risk that cases would not be viewed in all their aspects, and that arguments of weight might be overlooked. For these reasons, as it may be supposed, twenty-five States of the union have more tnan tnree j uages of their courts of appeal. (Lawyers Al manac, 1870.) There is another reason why the number shduld be greater than if the mode of ejection were dif ferent. The first necessity is that tlwre should be on the' Supreme Court more than one man of learning and ability; in order certainly to objtain that num ber of first rate men by a popular elec tion, it is safest to elect a greater num ber. In respect to the number of the Judges, I think that ncj cnange is need ed. In a third number I will continue the consideration of this article. ; . - I 7 R. For the Carolina Era. PALEMON JOHN. DR. . Mr. Editor : Under the head of "Rejoicing," The Sentinel, of this date, in speaking of the above named gen tleman, forgets what is flue froin one editor to another. 1 Dr. John is a christian gentleman, not a member of the Society of Friends proper, but a Hicksite.j j His editorials are mild, so much so, indeed, that manv of his political friends considered him lukewarm in the campaign of 1870. He never descends to the pud dle of Billingsgate. ( As regards his beingj a "carpet-bag-crer." he is the owner of much valua ble property" in his adopted town of Elizabeth City ; is tliej head of an in teresting family, and has had a: daugh ter to. intermarry with a gentleman "native here and to the manor born." Having performed, at I different times, the duties of Postmaster of Blooms burg, Pa., and of Assessor of Internal Revenue for .his Collection District, in that State,: he seems content with hon ors in that way, by jdeelinirig office here id North Carolina. He is the per- sonalriend of Hon. Charles R. BUck alew, who, as .tv Democrat, , would be pained to know that one ? of his party journals applies to the christian, the tcrni "dog," and calls the man of thou sands a "carpet-bagger." 4? - . - . . - f M. V. B. G. Raikigh, Sept. 1, 1871. ., , c i For the Carolina Era. Editor: I notice with pleasure in your issue of this date, the letter of Hon. George Bancroft,1 Minister of the United States to Germany, addressed to His Excellency Governor Caldwell. It is gratifying in the extreme to note such an authority bearing testi mony to the resources of our State, and recommending emigration to our high-I ly la vgrea country. AnenopeeApressu by Mr. Bancroft will no doubt be real ized, but in order to activate tho wish ed for advent, wre ought to comprehend the proverb : Aide toi, leciel V aidera. 1 have addressed to tne ooutnern rrpa in a verv imnerfect form, some practical ideas, to, organize lmmi tion in our midst. Will y they be lmmigra- sus- tained bv the press 1 and people, and heeded by our legislators ? . ,t "That is the question." 4 ' -'f " '' - Yours respectfullyj1 :j'': ' ' . . -j-.j :.-J.tIjjIiABIAUX.-I KittrelPs Springs, Aug. 31, f 1871.- . : MEETING IN , DAVIDSON county. . . . ; At a large and enthusiastic Republi can meeting of the citizens of Davidson county, assembled at Yadkin College oh the 30th of August. 1871 . T. W. Ilartly, Esq., was called to the Chair a&d Frederick T. Walser appointed Sec- retary. Hon. Henry Walser, explain ed the object of the meeting in a few pointed and forcible remarks, to be to instruct the Representatives of David son county, to make amends for - their late dereliction of duty and betrayal of public trust, by amending the Consti- A If 1 1 1 J A A ? A A. luuon uy legislative enactment in strict accordance with the wishes of the peo ple. On motion of G. W. Wilson, the fol- lowing gentlemen were appointed as a cbmmittee,to draft resolutions express- iy?f the v sense of. the meeting, ;yiz : Maj. H. C. Walser, W; A. Phillips, R. B. Gentle, Henry Wilson and Iajor tireen. Durinsr the absence arid deliberation of the committee, our worthv andestima- ble Representative. J. T. Brown enter- tained the meetim? with a very inter- estiner sneech.of near two hours upon ctj . mr ereneral nolitical tonics.! in which he -i j. : 't i ; t. i dealt the conventionists many home thrusts. i AYhile the audience were enjoying the haopv effort of Mr: Brown, the committee returned and through their chairman, Maj. Walser, reported the following preambles and resolutions which were unanimously adopted, viz: Whereas, the present Legislature of North Carolina did on the 3rd of April last, pass a bill by a bare majority of tion of Convention or No Convention to the v ters of the State,said Convention to have taken into consideration amend mentstothe Constitution, which bill the Judges of the Supreme and Supe rior Courts declared to be unconstitu tional and revolutionary: Whereas, we believe the same to have been revolutionary in its tendency, subversive of the great fundamental principles of government, and at vari ance with the true interests of the peo pie: and. 1 I Whereas, the overwhelming defeat of said proposed Convention,onthe 3rd of Ausrust. has proven : it a misrepFesen- tation of the wishes of the people,: and at the same time branded the mem bers of said Legislature as traitors to their constituents and i the trust confi ded; and, j 7 Whereas, we deem some changes in 1 ro;f ;r r,nMrv htVTliAVA lliC vuu '-vo-v, r T- ... REPUBLICAN amendments can uemaue. uy . uar t reaSonable rates, thereby largely re tive enactment,niore cheaply and more rlnnW fhA rAantJ evneh.- The in accordance with the wishes citizens of the State: and, Whereas, the bill of rights guarantees to the people the right to instruct their Representatives; therefore, I Resolved, -that we earnestly recom mend to the citizens of Davidson county and all the other counties of the State to call meetings for that purpose, and instruct their Representatives to resign br support the following amend ments, to the Constitution at their next meeting in november: 1. Strike out from ' Art. 1 Sec. 6 the assumption of the State debt contracted prior -to May 20, 1861, and since the 20 May in 1865, and all obligations',; upon the Legislature for the payment of the interest and principal of the same. 7 2. Insert "biennial"; in lieu of annual in Art. 1 Sec. 2. j 3. Insert "three" in lieu rof five, in tvrt. iu oec. o iiu ei-nt "rau w "twelve" in .Art. 10 Sec. 12; provided however nothing shall be so construed hall be so construed as to interfere with the present incum bents for the terms for. which they were 4. Abolish the efficeof Superinten dent of Public Works; l 5. Fix the per diem of members of the Legislature at $3J and mileage at 8 cents. j : 6. Abolish the present Township sys tem, and in their stead adopt the old county courts, and let: the presiding of ficers of the same be elected by the peo ple, and provide also that nothing here in shall be so construed as to aljjer the boundaries of the present Townships or change the number of magistrates. 7. Strike out, in Art. 11 Sec.; 5 that part requiring a census to be taken every five years, by the State authorities. 8. The addition of a provision j to the article concerning (amendments as follows: Provided however, that ho Convention nor jGeneral Assembly shall ever have, under any circumstances, any right or power whatever tp abol ish, impair, modify or in any way di minish the Homestead and personal property exemption as guaranteed to every citizen of the State, by Art. X of the Constitution, butthe same shall be held forever by the owner in lee sim ple ; nor shall any Convention or Gen eral Assembly ever have the right to impair; abridge or take away the right of the people, that is of every voter rec ognized by this Constitution to vote for every officer created by the same. Resolved, that the proceedings of this meeting bejmblished in the Carolina Era ,Old North 'Stafeand Greeiisboro' Republican. T On motion the meeting adjourned. . . T. W. HARTLY, Pres't. Fkedekick T. Waiter, Sec'y. Yadkin College, Davidson Co., N. C. j For-thc Carolina Era. J. MARTIN, ESQ. . b-.i JOS, , When all did their duty so Kvell in the late political campaign, it may not be invidious to mention especially the gentleman whose name heads this ar ticle. 1 M Mr. Martin thoroughly canvassed his own county, and the result was a gain of over two hundred votes ; and dressed the J people in Washington, Tyrrell, Beaufort ifort and, Pitt ; counties, mnkincr in all seventeen speeches, and meeting the ablest Convention ; orators in a manner most gratifying td himself and friends, and damaging to his op ponents, as tlie returns from all these counties show. In times of the high- est nolitical excitement, he has over by manly and consistent conduct, com m t J m. manded the admiration of his party! friends, and the .respect of hm , oppo nents. No nian 'has, fewer enemies and J stronger friends than Jos. J. Martin.'":.- r . -1 - On.e ,Who IvNows. ' For the Carolina Era. NEW HANOVER ORGANIZING FOR 187a, Mr. Editor :4We had a lively and interesting annual meeting of the Cape J? ear Harmony ulub on I the Jd, and passed the following resolutions unani raously.. I am requested to 'ask their publication in. the J,ra : Whereas; The struggle; for Consti tutional law in North Carolina has re sulted in the triumphof the principles or the Republican party, and the addi tion of the weight of 10,000 native white votes in support of the same. be it Resolved. That this Clup appreciate the efforts of those native apd to the sustain in letter manner born' who and spirit Equality. Liberty land Fra ternity to all the j recipients of Ameri- can freedom, and return their thanks to those leaders of the pnpl,i Hon. John Pool, Hon. Ed. Cantwell and General Allen Rutherford; especially for their eiiuuuvu eiiuris tuiu arKuuieiiis. in iw half of national unity and State obliga tiohs. during j the! late canvass, and a copy be sent to the Raleigh Era with a request for the publication of the 1 ; . i . same. Jtiesolvea. That: this jdub i organize for the future labors of 1872 by a re modeling of the by-laws in such partic ulars as to maintain ,and I consolidate the strength of the city and county in to an organization auxilary to the Ex ecutive Committee of j the State and County.," : 7 . j j I ' 7 : Yours resnect.tiillv. 1 James M Wise, Cor. Sec'y . Wilmington, Aug. 28, J871. I For the Carolina Era. Me. Editor : -The so-called Conser vatives are sick up here. Th0 old soap maker wants to make soap for Fall and Winter use; but lowing to the fall off in lie, (lye) he desires! to get a few newspaper answers- all copies of The Sentinel, a printed in your city. J It purposes in place of ashes. U-LdMAJi. High Point, N. C, Sept. 20th, THE COTTON CROP OF'i87i-'7. The unprofitable prices obtained for the cotton crop of 1870-f71.made it nec essary that great economy should be used in the production of the present growth; the area was generally lessened from 15 to 20 per cent ; subsistence and wages were brougnt to tne smallest cost i fertilizers were abandoned, or PUlWltWW VlllJT AU a. iX.ili fortunately both corn and bacon were early portion of the planting season was ; unpropitious over most or the South-west in consequence of the pre valence of continued rains'!-, prevent! n the usual working of tfie Jecop, causing an unmanageable growth of. grass, and rendering it necessary insome instan ces' to abandon parts m the planting. In the more Northerly portions of the cotton States the weather, at the com mencement, was morei favorable, and there was a promising ;appearance, but later a long drought inflicted consider-: able; damage; in 1 some! sections, which was followed by reports of caterpillar, rust! and ! worm, Uvithj unfavorable at mospheric conditions, the Jwliole aspect lookinsr. as far as appearances would indicate, to a much diminished crop : andjwhile all opinions 'must be largely speculative, the reduction 6f the growth to the extent of at least lone million . ,M flvi.omo,j. ntah!1ufl nn,i XTL ""r"" V v"" cron 01 a.uuu.uuu to a.zou.wu joaies, ine lesser figure being most likely, if the season should continue to show an un favorable character. Charleston Cour- ier. 1st. 1 7 ' I BABY FARMING IN ENGLAND. Some remarkable eyidence on Taaby, farming has been given petore a select House of Commons committee of the by Dr. Lankesteri one lof the Commons for Middlesex. He said that about one hundred children were annually found dead in his district, the greater portion, being babies found in the streets, - lie calculated that tlie proportion of illegit imate to legitimate among these was one in three; and :considering that ille-i gitimate children: in England were not more man one in ten iur ieyeii, niey had! evidently less chance" of life" than the legitimate. Taking children above a 1ear old, the number of illegitimate children was greatly . reduced, because so many were killed off before they' reached that age 'He believed that infanticide was on the increase, and that the lawi bf Ehglarid yith reference to child murder is too severe and in duced judge,1 jury; and all concerned to let women on, thus by its severity en couraging infanticide. U He should like to see a law similar to; that in Bavaria, where the ! actual ; punishment was twenty years' imprisonment. -Gold, silver and Conner 111 solution. oozing out of the mountain and becom ing; precipitated by accident, would be deemed a novel discovery ; yet such a disco very-has been ihadej in, Bingham. A irentleman who is I sinking . a shaft with tho expectation Of finding gold in that .canon, some time iago nailed a piece of sheetirpnj up to keep the water irom . unppiiig 911 uiip uiuii ai worK. After it had thus served to keep off the water for some three weeks, s he took it down, and, found; to his . astonishment, that it was covered more jtlian an , inch thick with gold, silver and copper, with a little iron, : which had jbeen in the water in solution! and became precipi tated by being brought in contact With the sheet iron. The silver was over three hundred dollars j to;the ton, and the gold over eight hundred, ; besides the copper. This is certainly a remark able discovery, and may lead to impor tant results-SSa Lake News . 7 -. ; " Lorenzo Dow, was pnee preaching in the j Eastern--part of- Connecticut to a crowded house, the season being mid winter and the weather extremely cold. During the sermon the members of tlie congregation would make frequent vis its to the stove to warm 'up; the old man stood the. interruptions until for bearance ceased to be a,virtue ; stopping in the . middle of a sentence he said: Those who have' holes iu ' their stock insrs may now go to the stove and warm their feet." ? lie was annoyed no more during the service. the needs of the south. ' We receive, many letters from the South which seem to indicate a grievous- misapprehension of the pressing want Of tlktt section. Their comnionest error is an assumption that her people are deficient in capital, and thatj their industry languishes for want of it. - Yet the South has hundreds of. millions of acres, of unused lands,' rendering no In come! whatever to their owners; and often subjecting them to taxes that they pay ;vitli great diineulty 1 if at all. riiose lands are in , good part covered withlvaluable timber, while many of them are richly underlaid with coal, iron,jcopper, lead, marble Ac. To val ue the unused and unproductive lands, minerals, timber", and other capital ,of the South at three thousand millions' of dollars might be to- estimate 1 it all the mony It would Bell for under in-cty ent circumstances and in its present condition, but it is really worth far rui iar i jncods fs in- more. It may be true that the South money, or - sucn capital as stantly available . and convertible; but she cannot afford to borrow it. If she could borrow five hundred millions tq morrow, it might give her ' instant re lief; but that relief would be ; facti-tiousr-like the strength obtained by the tippler from his dram and would but increase her ultimate embarrassments. She needs rather to get out of debt than to get in deeper to sell property that she is unable to use, and devote the proceeds to making available the residue of her now dormant resources. JX her men of substance could sell tw'o- thirds of the land, timber, ores, &c. which now employ no labor and afford no income, the residue would have a renter market value than the wnoie oes. at present, and they would be able to buy the stockr implements, machinery, fertilizers, &c., for lack of which their efforts are, now relatively nefficient and fruitless. .1 The first need of every Southern State to-day is the application ;to Its soil of the system of surveys winch is one pf the most benencent devices lor which Imankind are indebted to our Union. If Virginia, the Carelinas, Georgia, and West Virginia, were sur veyed into right-angled sections and. parts thereof, as are the public . lands of the United States,' their real estate would be worth at least twenty-five per cent, more than it now is, and a-thousand acres of it could be sold where a hundred can now be. . ;j . Such a survey would affect no nan's title, affect no existing boundary. ; No doubt, owners (would gradually buy and sell, exchange and release so as to bring their lines into conformity with thej official surveys; but they would do this only so' fast and so far as their own interest should dictate.' - But es tates of five to forty thousand acres, which are now scarcely saleable at any : pride, would be readily bought In sec tions, quarters and eighths, at' rates now unattainable. Having been surveyed, all thc lands that the owners did not wish to retain, should be brought into market.? That is impossible under the present no-sys- . tem. Owners arc anxious to, sell ; they would gladly accept j very low prices; butithere are no buyers. lie who has a thousand or even five thousand acres to sell cannot afford to advertise as his land should be advertised; the cost would bo ruinous; and prolxibly his ' advertising would sell ten other estates and not sell his after all. An ; inquirer wh6 started southward expressly to look at his place would encounter so many would-be sellers on his way that ' he might never reach that place at all. ; Now, there should be very extensive , advertising of Southern lands, ' not merely at the North , but in Greht Uri- v tiari and Germany;! yet it cannot lo done in an isolated way. But let all those who have lands to sell in Vir ginia put them into the hands' of one agent or company, and let that ugent advertise them so as to rcch evtjry fire side! in the North and half those ,of , Great Britian and Germany let him advertise so many acres in this, hi many in that' county, with capacities and prices 4et him make arrange ments with steamboats and railronds for Uhe cheap transportation of jhose intending to purchase, and advertisti . where and how excursion tickets may be obtained, and-lhere would: be h( difliculty in selling ten millions of acres per annum. The agent j or com pany should pay all expenses, take all risks, and be allowed a liberal cominis -sioii, such as would warrant and incite they most extensive advertising, arul, unless exorbitant prices were j . asked, there could be no failure. ' We are con fident that one hundrcfl thoosahd ten antj farmers orwjns of farmers iiuld. m drawn from the British isles aloneto Virginia within the next two years, if. adequate efforts were made to enlight en' them, with regard not merely to the cheapness and value of the lands, tinr ber c., but to the, means and -cost, of V reaching those lands, the endiancment of 'their value byj railways already ! built or in process of const rueffon, . and the! case-wherewith their owik'i cull be recallel to Europe by telegraph and set j down at his lather's or brother's door within two weeks from, the dis patch of the telegram. The masses in Europe know 'just I as" much of tlds countryas we do of Australia, and are generally in doubt ! whether Virginia is in Boston or a little north of Chica go.) Show them that it' is within a day's ride of New York, with ample and excellent harbors, bays, rivers, Ac, supplemented 4 by canals and by rail roads, and they will much .prefer it to i the remoter regions and harsher, cli mate of the North-wcst. Tile facts that Indians" no longer stray within hundreds of miles of its borders' and that It has 'Episcopal; churches, roads . t-w6 hundred years old, an established social order, &c., will prejudice' multi tudes In its favor J7: i fr The South needs inore pcopley great er diversity , of pursuits,; more ckilj, more energy and thrift morei mills, mofe shops, more factories,- more fur naces she does not need more jcapital than will inevitably flow in upon her ' if she can but utilize wliat she , already has,. We sybmit these -t suggestions : to her! leading minds, in the. hope that they may sow some seeds ' ov. future thrift and progress. New i York Trib Anythingcan beeffected by industry,

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