The Era (Raleigh, N.C.) /
Sept. 21, 1871, edition 1 /
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Office, la th Standard" building, Et tide of
- ; Faytttrrill Street. . :i
11ALKIGH, SEPT. 21t. 1871.
Caeiued. Convention has been car
ried In West Virginia by 2,000 ma
jority. ! r
All, Three. The entire Congres
sional delegation of California three
members are Republicans. .. . . .
Reassembled. The Outrage Com
mittee met in Washington, D. C, on
Thursday last. Sub-Committees will
be sent to Tennessee and 3IIssissIppI.
Questions fok Brick. Did Josiah
Turner, Jr., authorizeThomas Elliott, of
Cleveland, to organize Ku Ivlux
camps? If so, by what authority? We
will be much obliged if Brick will
answer these two questions. .
Cholera. -Dispatches from various
points in Russia show that the Asiatic
cholera is still raging in the central and
t-vntHov-n tanWtAna ftf KVnaxla
One case of cholera has occurred at
Newcastle, England. !
News from Rutherford, j
A private letter from Rutherford informs
us that the Marshals are arresting1 and
bringing in men charged with Ku Kluxing
every day.. A squad of fourteen were
brought in the other day. Two were so
badly wounded . by the soldiers that they
had to be left ; it s thought one will die.
It is time such tyranny was stopped. We
were among tho first to denounce the Ku
Klux organization and condemn those who
went about in disguise committing depre
dations ; and for doing .so we have been
abused, by the law-breakers and their pe
culiar friends ; but while we are opposed to
the acts of the irresponsible men woo have
brought trouble upon innocent people, we
do not approve of the course of Judge Logan
or tho oliicers "who assist him. They have
not exercised common sense or proper dis
cretion. If Gen. Grant were not an imbecile
he would not support tyranny with U.S.
soldiers and mean detectives and spies.
.When the head of the government is cor
rupt, what good can be expected of the in
ferior ofllcerH. Char, Democrat. , ! . ?
There are very many people in North
Carolina who will be surprised when
they read, the paragraph taken from
The IXnuKwat. Mr.l Yates, the editor
of that paper, has; been known as a
moderate, conservative gentleman. lie
has never been guilty of -inculcating
extreme doctrines, either as an editor
individual. His editorials
servativcPiologiscand endeavor Brick. Assails JudgC BlIXtOH.
Ivi-ht of rfinllcngo llH VI ".''
and the peace of the
will ! continue
State will be
New Mkxicx) Election. An elec
tion took place in this Territory for a
delegate to Congress and members of
the Legislature on the 12th inst. The Re-,
publicans elected the delegate and a
majority of the members of the Legis
Where is He? We have heard
nothing of F. N. Strudwick for some
time. The last we heard of him he
was sick. lias he got well ? If so the
Outrage Committee at Washington
would like to have him before them.
Mr. Strudwick has played off about 'as
long as he will be allowed.
. S '
Ku Klux Indictments. :About
. three hundred and fifty bills of. indict
ments have been found against mem
bers of the'Kq Klux Klan, in Missis
cippl. The officers of the government,
assisted by Gov. Alcorn, are vigorously
prosecuting these Conservative crimi
. naK ;
Texas Campaign. The campaign
in this State is being conducted in vig
orous style on both sides. It is evident
however, that the regular Republican
nominees are making progress. Gov.
Davis and all the, leading State'omcers
arc on the stump. The effect of cour
age and will is as evident there as it
was recently In Kentucky and has been
Little Whiffler. By this name
is Lee M. McAfee, Chief of tho Ku
Klux of Cleavelarid county, known
throughout the mountain country.
Wo are informed that the Little Whiff
ler is dodging in South Carolina. He
hopcH to escape arrest until the Legis-
- lature meets. The rattling among the
.1. I - t.. ' V.n' Vif
those people who have been kept In a
state of terror for two years and more
or as an
have generally been of such a character
as to gain for him the title of "moder-
Uie tUHUT. na nig jsvyicu impugn
times infinitely worse than the present,
and maintained his reputation for pru
dence and moderation, we are very
much surprised , that he should so far
forget himself, as to go back on the
record of his entire j life as an editor.
His moderation has vanished ; and the
cry of such papers as The Sentinel, that
President Grant is corrupt and a man
of very little' sense, is taken up and re
peated by The Democrat. We candidly
confess that we . did i not expect a sum
mersault of such magnitude from Mr.
Yates. We can account for it in only
oneway: Gen. D. H. Hill, editor of
The Southern Home, has seen fit;? to as
sail Mr. "iates and charge him with
complicity in the militia movement of
Gov. Holden, last Summer. Thecasti
gatlon was pretty severe, and we doubt
not that it injured The Democrat
among its former friends. , Having
come out second best in the contro
versy with Gen. Hill, Mr. Yates hopes
to reinstate himself with his old friends
by out "heroding Herod." -?
Now let us examine the position ta
ken by Mr. Yates concerning the arrest
of men charged with Ku Kluxing.
He denounces the arrests which have
been made as tyranny. If this posi
tion couid be supported by showing
that Judge Logan and the Government
officers have exceeded their power un
der, the law, it would be just and right
to denounce the whole matter as tyr
anny. Mr. Yates does not tell his read
ers that the arrests were not made in
accordance with law. He quotes an
item of news from The Era, and pro
ceeds to denounce the course, pursued
of Judge Logan and the Government
officers, as tyranny. ..
It is well known" that nearly every
arrest which has been made, is' based
upon the evidence of men who belong
ed to the Klan. The arrests were made;
U.pd. Whiteside. Will this gen
tleman tell the jieople of his Senatorial
District whether he joined the Ku
Klux -in Shelby a few clays before he
was nominated for the Legislature in
18C9? We understand that "he was
sworn in cs a member at that time.
Does. George Martin deny it ? Come
out, Fir; you are a representative of
the people, and they are entitled to
know if you belong to the Ku Klux.
The French Republic A dis
patch from Paris-dated Sept 14, says in
the Assembly, to-day, Gcni do Cissy
statel that two additional courts-mar-tail
for' the trial of Communists will
shortly be appointed. He paid that
there are now but loOjudgesto examine
the cases of SO, 000 prisoners,! including
"oO convicts. Even with the addition
al courts, the Government will proba
bly l obliged to release 12,500 of the
prisoners without trial, as it is impossi
ble, to sentence more than 100 per
month. , j
South Carolina Ku Klux. A
party of these gentry went to the house
of a eolored man Iu Edgefield county,
S. C. a few nights ago, and demanded
admittance", which was first refused and
afterwards granted. When the door was
opened tho Ku Klux fired, but hit-no
one. The colored niau and his two sons
returned the fire and wounded two of
the party severely. The balance of
the party took to their heels.- .
After all the party left, the colored
men took tho wounded j into his
house and dressed their wounds? Af
ter niuch pleading and begging, stating
also that they had been paid teir dol
lars to Ku Klux .the old man, it was
agreed toby the old man that their
names should be kept secret. ; . -.
Debt, ov New York City. TJte
Xt if j York Times says that it Is now
stated oa the authority of Hon. Robert
IJ. Roosevelt, . Democratic . member of
Congress from the Fourth District of
this City, that the debt of New York is
not less than $200,000,000. The assessed
value of the real estate of the City and
county of New York for the year 1871 ,
is $7Gb02,2oO, and that of personal
property is $300,917,223, the total being,
in strict accordance with law.
is not an instance that we have
of, in which the regular . process of the
law was disregarded in the smallest
particular. Now what does Mr. j Yates
do? Why he makes bold to denounce
the arrests of Ku Klux as tyranny.
He has no argument or facts to sup
port him in his denunciation of the
law as tyranny. I Because a I great
many men have been arrested ; because
the authorities are endeavoring to
bring violators of the law to justice;
because all good citizens are endeavor
ing to rid the State and country of
midnight assassins ; and lastly, because
the men who have been arrested,-
. A. S 1 X 1 !l?A? 1
are uoiiscrvanvcs aim
friends of Mr. Yates.
are denounced as tyranny. Is , not
this apologizing" for the outrages com
mitted by tho Klan? Is not the out
rage inflicted on MrJustice, of Ruther
ford, approved?. Is not the outrage
upon TJte Star office approved? Js not
the inhuman whipping inflicted pn Mr.
Aaron Riggerstaff approved ? Is hot
the whole administration of tl6 jKu
Klux Klan approved?. We Charge
that Mr. Yates approves of all the but
rages which have been commit
his Conservative allies, the Ku
We charge him with apologizing for
the outrages which have been commit
ted. We charge him with sympathiz
ing with the Ku Klux. We charge
him with endeavoring to makeniartyrs
of them by denouncing their arrests as
tyranny! I j
But this is not all.1 The President is
denounced as an Imbecile and as a cor
rupt man. The officers of the govern
ment are denounced as infinitely worse
than the President. Does the modcr--ate
editor desire to I sit higher j in the
synagogue dedicated to billingsgate,
slander, Xalsehood, and murder, than
the Hon. Brick Turner does! It appears
that he does. 7 j ;
People . of North . Carolina j what
do you think of such conduct? The
law has been violated ami made a play
thing by the Ku Klux. Outrage after
outrage . has been - committed. Men
have been murdered, whipped, and
mutilated.' Truthful men have , cony
fessed that they were in meetings -and
raids with other men. Upon such evi
dence many men have been arrested
Iu the face of the array of facts present
ed in this articlc,arrests of men charged
This gentleman entered upon his du
ties as one of the editors of The Wash
ington Chronicle, on Wednesday last.
His salutatory Is characteristic. Gov.
Holden lias few superiors as an editor.
Knowing that he possesses the talent,
ability and energy, to be of great ser
vice to the Republican party in the
campaign of 1872, we are exceed
ingly gratified to - know that he is
again at the helm of a Republican
journal. ;. His trenchant pen will be of
great service to the Republican party.
His blows will fall thick and fast upon
the Conservaiive party of the South,
and the corrupt Democracy of the North.
The opponents of the Republican par
ty will be unmercifully exposed in
their endeavors to get control of the
State and National Governments,
through murder, intimidation, and
fraud. Removed from office by the
tools of Brick Turner; disfranchised by
mem . flnilir oeHn nofeOol
Amnesty at the hands of the Congress;
persecuted and driven for the time be
ing from his native State and his home,
because he exerted himself to protect
weak and defenceless citizens from the
outrages of tne Ku Klux Klan, the
heart of .every man without regard to
party,who desires to see the community
rid of Ku Klux,sympathises with Gow
Holden in his persecution and exile.
That he will add very greatly to, the
influence of The Chronicle and swell its
circulation to a great extent, we have
no doubt. .
Gov. Holden has many friends in
North Carolina who wish him all the
success .possible in his .new field of
labor. We confidently expect his per
secution to ! redound to his honor in
every respect: Justice may seem tardy
but she is sure. In due time the Gov
ernor will return to Raleigh to take up
his abode among his friends and rela
tives. The discomfiture of his enemies
has just begun.
The following is the Governor's Sa
lutatory, as copied from The Washing
ton Chronicle, of the 13th: .
" Salutatory. In entering upon my
duties as one of the Editors of TIte
Clironicle, it is proper that I should say
a few words to the friends of the paper
and to the public generally. . ' :
I regard the principles of the Repub
lican party, practically carried out in
the administration of the National Gov
ernment, as indispensable to the peace,
the prosperity, and the very safety of
the. country: I believe the succes,of the
Democratic party in 1872 would prove
one of the greatest calamities that could
befall the country. The reasons for
these convictions will be enforced from
time to time in The Chronicle.
Having been one of the earliest sup
porters of General Grant for the Presi
dency, I expect to give to his adminis
tration a candid and firm support.'
The suppression of the late rebellion
should result in increased vigilance for
the; perpetuation of the Union, and in
rendering its bands indestructible. Its
authority is paramount to that of the
States, and when State authority and
State laws fail to protect the citizen in
life, liberty, orproperty, its duty is to
supervene, and supply such protection
to the full scope of its powers. It should
guard, as sacred above all tilings, the
rights incident to American citizen
ship. The States sliould be protected
in all their legitimate rights and au
thority. Above all, there should be
one law, one flag, and one people. No
citizen should be too high for the ofFen-
In testimony of the Honesty and im
partiality of the Hon. Ralph P. Buxton,
Judge of the Superior Court for thd oth
Judicial District, we simply inform the
public that The Haleigh Seniinel-Uhe
mouthpieceof Brick Turner of the 11th
inst., contained a characteristic attack
on that gentleman. If Judge Buxton
needed any recommendation to I the
people of this State, it would only be
necessary for him to carry along a copy
of TJie Xorth Carolina Slanderer, hlias
The Raleigh Sentinel. An exhibition of
that paper," with its recent attack on
him, to any gentleman would be j suf
ficient to pass the Judge wherever he
might desire to go. j i j
If the people of North Carolina could
be swayed and influenced against such
a man as Judge liuxron, oy uncic
Turner, we would despair of our j free
institutions existing much longer.
It must be remembered that Judge
Buxton received the largest vote ever
cast for any man in North Carolina.
At that time he was good enough and
pure enough to be voted for by both
parties. r i Notwithstanding this fact,
77u Sentinel says Brick Turner lost all
confidence in Judge Buxton because he
(Buxton) would not grant a warrant
against Gov. Holden. If we are not
Aery much mistaken,' the .statement
itself, that Brick Turner has lost confi
dence in Judge Buxton, raised the
Judge in the estimation of a vast ma
jority of our people, without regard to
party. "It has become a constant past
time with Brick to slander gentlemen.
An honest, upright citizen expects to
be assailed by The Sentinel. A rascally
Conservative, with the blood of his
fellow-men upon his hands, is a gentle
man and brother with Brick, and his
crimes, whatever they may be, are
overlooked in the general and promis
cuous slanders produced by The Sentinel
from day to day. ( ! v r
MP. . I W II ' LI
term for the - XT foreach prisoner, ana pro-
By our Special Reporter. p
Saturday, Sept. 1G, 1871.
The Court met at ten o'clock, a
The attendance was very
MomhiA oYfitement prevai
tho inhhips nnd mdieris. owing to
fact tliat this day was set for ' :
TIIE TRIAL OF RANDOLPH SIIOTWKLL
- -w. AND OTHERS, - : ,
at 10 o'clock.
' . .nil. -IQTI
Monday, Kept. iom, o..
'deal. After Yf cmsKd t!u? branch tl.o
man uu:u;::g my .ug" una -uskwi ie
what my business was. I told him I
was" a j lawyer. Ho 'aSfced ':me what
sort of cases I had lately been engaged
t tolrt him I warecentlv
on some Ku Klux cases. He remark
ed, "Yes, you've been making some
great speeches lately. Our leaders pro
pose to free this country' from such
men a$ yon -from negro rule, &c, n0
nskea me "wimi uujauuu uvu you to ,
. E . -
. x iJ J.?ntpd hour, lining hunsT. I told him I nad not soujrhf
eJJ " e7 District do any 5ne injustice, and hoped tffey i
II " I I 411 : . I - w i 1 X .11 1 m
Attorneyfbr South Carolina, was pres-
Tlfequf eh W as to the
right of defence to ten alhan or
each' prisoner charged ita the bill of m
JVUJt- oo-ainst Randolph A. bnot-
well and others, was
again Drougm- up
would; not do me Injustice.! One man
asked me if I wanted to see the Ku
Klux,land said he could give a yell and '
raise five hundred. 1 was carried
among a great number of men and
horses. Some of the men had gowns
on, and other disguises. Some were
not disguised. They asked rho if I was ;
not ashamed: for having supported a
li v ..rftVi Artnanir nff IO aeurlVO
cimrgtna -jmtr tAA thitprli nrisoner nnt flshamc
I r.rvno 1 .1 nTlff-flI IIUIUC11U"-""V I ' HOtlllirL UCUIUtU-w i , I T - ' . 1 ml .
nf thTturS ri-htkofa lawful citizen, ,vou kl be alloAved ten challenges, ana damned nigger PfY- ""wiiito
Sfto tSSrfee 6f franchise, and, on the1)istrict Attorney should have men oukl nol tolerate suth persons j.
fhiimh fdav of June 1871, attempting KriJJhtto severance T-jwhereupon the. as me. Tliey said I must know, that",
to hurt iiffto . Justice by ff for defense waiyed the right to my course : -was . not right, and that I
to nun ana muu ix .Ua.af hltr. 9oun1.irj;. oiionVc fnr each de- HfPrved death. I heart! one innn-sav.
peating ni rr ten peippj-"r gT inSnt trial. whn tnnk mv rone?. I brought mmu
vT o mi i sn' ri"ri iiir j r w . - -
vnt. rn niiciw muiu
The following is the list of persons
charged in the bill of indictment. Viz:
Itandolph Shotwell, Frederick i A.
Shotwell; Adolphus Depriest, Amos
rwpns. James Edgarton, Calvin Teal,
Wm. Tanner, Jr.,George Holland,AV m
raSSbSf Sted- tKai H did not feel
ten. .. , v
McIntyre,Wm. Teal,SpencerK; Moore, be brou?ht to tin t
David Collins, AVm. Scoggins, D B. ment3 they i
vnrfnno nfi wm. Alexander.
The witnesses for the prosecution
marked on the bill of indictment as
sworn and stmt, are : JameS M.' o uh
tice, M. M. Jolley, Alfred Harris, Jo
seph Fortune, Julius Fortune, Thomas
Tate and John B. Harrill.
United States District Attorney Star- j
buck, assisted by Hon. Samuel, rnii
lips, and Virgil Lusk, Esq., appeared
ho number; of
!:en ordered to
rd -fri a few mo-'
t,lie court room,
a: U. S. Mar-
-If Judge Buxton is not very
gratified to have Brick Turner
him, we think he should be. The peo
ple desire no better proof of hkrprivate
and official integrity,; than the low,
dirty abuse of The Sentinel.
SUICIDE OF A CANTATRICE.
The Unfortunate Love of Amelia Garcia.
From the New Orleans -Picayune, Aug. 15.
Few of bur theatre-going people but
will remember the beautiful Amelia
Garcia, -who for three or four successive
seasons won unbounded applause on
the stage of our principle theatres.
Young, lovely, accomplished, the won
derful charm of her voice was aug
ment by great personal attractions.
Gay, fascinating, and brilliant, slie won
admirers by the scorej and at one
time in the height of her theatrical
fame was the most sought after and
the acknowledged beauty of her profes
sion. That such a woman should have
suddenly died without her deaths being"
made known is surprising. Nor will
the public surprise be lessened j when
the tact is made known that she died a
suicide. Ier death occurred about two
weeks since, on Jackson street j near
the corner of Annunciation, where she
had resided for over a year pajst. It
will be remembered that about two
years since she quit the stage and re
tired to private life. She had become
passionately enamored of a gentleman
in this city, and for his sake abandoned
whatever of fame ' and prospect (of ad
vancement ishe had in f her profession.
She occasionally appeared on the; street,
always radiant, always! beautiful, and
whenever she came into the "threatres
ded law io reach, and none too humble or public places of amusement she was
nor forsotten lor tne law to nic up io nuuie w mi t. one t-iijujtri
the fun and free eniovment of all his
rights. Every citizen should be pro
tected in the free exercise of his right
of suffrage, speech, and action in all
things civil,1 political, " and religious.
Our ; Revolutionary ancestors fought
the political and suffered for just this kind of liberty.
their arrests and we should guard it as a most sacred
i Sensible of a lack of entire fitness for
the position I assume, I hope to supply
it by vigilance and care. My editorial
labors have heretofore been confined to
a section. They must nowbe national.
Deeply solicitous for the interests and
welfare of the whole county, I have no
sectional views to advance. In com
plete affiliation with the National Re
publican party, I shall endeavor to do
equal justice to all its members in all
the States, i By diligence, devotion to
duty, strict impartiality between
ed by I .friends, and zealous efforts to expose
Kiuvi and defeat the Ivuklux Democracy, 1
in pc lu 'iiieiib liic nyuiuuiiiiuti unu sup
port Of the Republican party through
out the nation.
; . W. W. Holden.
; Akolisiiincj SLuWEHY. An Eman
cipation Bill; has recently been discuss
ed by the Brazilian Legislature, and
public sentiment in Brazil is being
rapidly prepared for the abolition of
slavery. There is still such a strong
opposition to this measure that definite
action at the present session is scarcely
anticipated, but the example of the
United States exerts so powerful an in
fluence that slavery cannot exist much
longer in any portion of South Amcri-
csx. in winning ireeaom's uuue on
our own soil, we struck a fatal blow at
slavery on all parts of the Continent.
Ku Klux 1 Outrage. A dispatch
from Nashville, Tenn., dated Sept. 14,
savs that ''Ir Ij. -Veir of Limestone
County, Ala. who was taken from his
house' some days ago by masked men,
was found, yesterday, tieo to a tree in
theivfure,' more than 181 ir . cenU ol I peace; what prospect Is there for the
the a-weaned valuation ofitrf property, j punishment of those men'' who ' are
and 2tf per cenL of the assessed valua- charged with Ku Kluxing, when such
tion i of the real estate which is the onyj& T(iHl7ie aiarloffe jua
txu-t that can be counted oa to pay the 4 . na t.
debt : Of this enonnoua burdenmore j ouncts their arrest ns tyranny? A hile
than $1G3,(XX),0V or over four-fifths j we expect a great deal from the Court
liave been udded since Jan. 1, 1801), ! now in session in this city, iwe do not
umier the administration of the Ring. 1 hesitate to say, that as long as the Con
a swamp. His captors, after whipping
with Ku Kluxing, is denounced as tyr 1 him, nearly drowned him in astreara
What, prospect is there for of water, then tied him to a tree, and
this public manifestation of admira
tion, and sustained it rejrally. Had
she never been a famous singer, Garcia
would still have been admired for her
splendid beauty. But it beganj to be
whispered about. that her life was not
happy. Society had its observances
that could not be neglected,, and the
ppor. singer, with all her beauty,
could not retain an" allegiance
which society demanded to. be roken.
The conviction came upon her
slowly,1 but it came at last. To one
of her j passionate nature there was
nothing left for her but to die. It would
bevrong, if it were possible, to lift the
veil from those last hours of hef life.
Convinced that the happiness she had
bartered so much to secure was shipping
from her grasp,and the cheerless future
spreading dark before her, she resorted
to that Sethean cup, the i poisoh of the
suicide in which to drown the sense of
her misery and the joyless life of a de
serted and abandoned, woman J ' It is
said that the morning (some two weeks
since) the final separation took place
when her friend said good-by for the
last time Garcia ordered her (servant
to go to the drug store, and fetch her
some laudnum. The servant, Suspect
ing her design, . refused to go. The
command, repeated still more impera
tively, was disregarded, ad the ser
vant, with tears and entreaties, be
sought her to refrain from her j wicked
intentions. It had no effect, however,
and she went herself for the poison. On
what pretext she obtained it is not
known ; but she did get it, and j having
taken it, died from its effects. ? The
residents in the neighborhood say that
about the time the poison must have
commenced its fatal work she ent and
seated herself at the piano, and, for
more than an hour, played and sang.
He rich, thrilling ypice, rising to its
full compass, revelled fin the sweetest
music they had ever heard. Strains of
passionate sorrow "mingled with the
sorrowful cadence of a funeral dirge,
as the dying cantatrice; sang her life
away. ! Amelia Garcia was - about
23 years of age, and a native of
the West Indies. Her ( father was a
Spanish Creole, and her; mother a Jew
ess, a native of Germany. Her parents
came to New York when she was quite
young1, and she commenced her profes
sional careerln. that city; She sang one
season at the Academy of Music in
this city, and one or two engagement
at other theatres. She I left the stage.
left him to starve.
does have been arrested.
' Colorado Election. The election
for members of the Legislature In Col
orado took place on Tuesday tho 12th.
The legislature is unanimously Re
Two of the despera- However, in wj, ana nas notsince ap-
I a a 'v. ii -v-w X n nil mrk alii k - I-v
ptTUlU, 'lJitTV-llUIliWIJ-, 111 pUUlAC OUCH,
in brief, was the career of one of the
sweetest singers and most beautiful wo
men of the age. "Whether her life was
good or evil it behooves not ( now to
say. IC she was reckless, frivolous,
and gay, she had, at least, a passion
ate and loving nature, ani aiea a sui
as nrosecutors in this case.
Ex-Gov. Bragg,Messrs. G V. Strong,
D. G. Fowle,Plato Durham.H. D. Lee,
andJ.'S. Carson appeared as counsel
for the defendants. J,
Mr. Bragg offered to the Court affida
vits made by defendants F. A. Shot
well, Calvin Teal,and William. Tanner.
The affidavits set forth that said defen
dants are not readv to come to trial on
account of the absense of important
witnesses by whom they could prove
alibis. ; .,:;-;. - -
Mr. Phillips, for the prosecution, ad
mitted the affidavits of F. A. Shotwell
and Calvin Teal ; but objected to I the
admission of the affidavit of Wm.,Tan
ner, as it, afibrded no ground : for con
tinuance was, in fact, only testimony
as to himself. Subsequently, however,
the affidavit was so remodeled as ta be
The Court desired to know if the de
' fense were ready for the drawing of a
jury, when - Mr. Bragg arose and - ad
dressed the Court in relation to the first
and third counts in the bill of indict
ment. He argued that the language
of the bill.was too vague and indefi
nite to be recognized by the Court that
the allegation that the defendants had
conspired together for the purpose of
intimidating Mr. Justice, and thereby
depriving him of the right to vote, &c,
was so ambiguous and uncertain, that
it, in reality, amounted to no charge at
all. . .; ...
. Mr. Phillips in reply said that the
counsel for the defense had confounded
indictment for conspiracy with a known
violation of the law. In an indictment
for a conspiracy it is only necessary to
set forth the fact that certain persons
had conspired together for the purpose
of violating the law. It is not necessary
to state the means nor the overt act, in
indicting persons for conspiracy. This
indictment is in strict accordance with
the statute charged to have been con
spired against. It is a crime to attempt
to hinder or prevent the execution of
any law of the United States. i -
Mr. Strong, for the defense, followed,
arguing that the bill of indictment
was insufficient, for the reason that it
did not particularly name the section
or part of any law charged to have been
conspired against. He confidently hoped
that the Court would hot compel the
defense to come to trial on the charges,
as they did not know with what they
were charged. v ' i
Judge Bond held that the counts in
the bill of indictment were good, and
RULED- THE DEFENSE TO TRIAL.
Mr. Bragg then announced the in
tent of the defense to challenge the
entire jury. He 7did not think the
Court had any right to discharge the
jury of the last term and summon! an
other. There was no sortof( authority
for such action. This being an ad
journed term, the same jurors, both
grand and petit, should have been re
tained. He would not -object to these
jurymen if he believed that they had.
been selected fairly, honestly and with
a view to public justice. He had taken
a census of the jury, and found that
five-sixths of them were members of
the Republican party, etc.; etc., etc. . ;
Mr. Phillips replied by saying that
the jury now before the 1 Court had
been, summoned in strict j accordance
with law. : He boldly asserted this fact
for the purpose of divesting1 . this ques
tion of the invidiousness with which
it was attempted to be clothed or
which the language used by the de
fense would seem to attach to it. t Mr.
Bragg says he has taken a census of the
jury, and that a large majority ''or them
are Republicans belong to the opposite
party to that wjth which the defendants
are affiliated. What better evidence
need we want than this, to show that
the defense regard thi3 trial, or the
issue offt, as a political pleasure. -I
look those jurors in the face, and I do
not know who they are personally or
politically. I have not taken a census
of the jury. The crime charged in this
bill of indictment was a crime "against
every citizens' of North Carolina a
crime against every juror j in thi3 ve
nire. Where is the animus charged to
the Marshal of this Court ? Has he
summoned a colored jury ? No. There
are but two colored men here. It is a
novelty to challenge a juror l on account
of his political proclivities. Such action
is muddling the pure waters of justice.
! The Court took a recess till 5 o'clock
p. m. '.- ' -'' ;
On re-asseinbling, Ex-Judge Fowle
continued the argument for the defense
in. objection to the venire .of jurymen.
He did notf object to these jurymen be
cause they were Republicans, but be
cause they were summoned here as
Republicans. The tenor of Mr. Fo wle's
argument was that they had ! been,
"packed". He, in belialf of the defen
dants; askedlhat this jury be discharged
and another made up. v f
It was evidently expected that Mr.
Phillips would reply, but he saw lit to
make no comments on the remarks of
Mr. Fowle, or deemed it unnecessary
' ;lhe Court saw no reason
the exhaustive arguments
jury, therefore . - .. ": ?; "- - . f l
REFUSED TO QUSASII TIIE VENIRE. V
The Court stated that if the counsel
for the defense had any other motion
to make In connection with this case,
it would now be heard, -t K : j . j r? v
under guard o
are general; ' vm-.u of ' 'moderate circum
stances."; Shotwell, the first In the
bill of Indictment, is a man of about
thirty years of age;. he is tall, well
built, but of a sallow complexion. He
Vi.r o Tlomoeratic newspa-
pr caQed The Citizen, In Asheville,
Buncombe county j
were made by Thomas Fuller, Esq.
one of the counsel for; the defense, viz :
T. C. j Chitty, of Forsythe ; J ohn W.
Bowman, of Guilford; Hi llory Bishop,
of Wake : Thomas - Stafford, of Ala
mance; W. T. J.: Hayes, of Halifax;
Z. A. Burn, of Guilford ;4Benjamin G.
Rogersof Wake; J. H.r Reynolds, of
Halifax ; Benjamin . Frazier, of For
sythe. . : . 'X f '
if 'W;.:: the JURYV. ": : '.'
The following named' persons were
impanelled to try the case of the Uni
ted States vs. R. A. Shotwell and oth
ers..1 viz: J. W: Bell,! Joseph Ward,.
Madison Pace. Geo. Wi Charles, B, F.
Beckerdite, Jesse F." Grubbs, Joseph
Miller, John Bryant,' Joseph Mot
singer, Edward Teasley, James Smith,,
W. P. Wetherell. f )
The District Attorney, enteretl a nol.
pros as y to James Edgerton and Win.
Alexander. - . t ( - . - ,
: Jnj opening the case of the ;(. -t
TRIAL OF SIIOTW'ELL IaND OTHERS,; .j
Mr. Phillips, for the government, 1
addressed the jury.as to the nature oi
the bill of indictmenti He spoke ot
the dangerous characte? of association
to which it might jbb strpposed the do
fendants belonged. (The offence charged
here is not one that grows out of any
recent amendments! to the Constitution
of the United States.1 ' Trnese men are
charged with violent outrages against
the law. It is the duty of every govern
ment to support its citizens. In this
case wo rely for our support on none of
the recent amendments, to . the Consti
tution. We throw ourselves upon the
grand, fundamental jprinciples of the
original Constitution pf tne - United
States. We expect to prove the ex is-'
tence of an organization hostile to the
Constitution of the United States the
existence of a secret. organization for
"hn no- the damned rascal with.." i
grew very w eak. My head was bleed,
ing and my side was-very Jainful. i
asked; permission to sit down. , They
would not let me, and said, "This
bleeding will do you good 4t will take
the nigger equality blood out of you."
These men evidently tried to disguise
their voices. . They asked me if I knew
them j 1 told them I did not know any
of them. Soon another party arrived,
and aj voice called out, "Where's the
prisoner?" This person was a small
man, disguised. He seemed to be a
sort of commander. -He repeated a
good deal of the slander against me
about my political course.' He .said
the people would not tolerate tins ne
gro government; that le had come
with express oraers io uixe my me. i
then appealed to him not to kill me.
lie asked me what I would give him
to spare my. life. I told him I had
nothing to give. He thep said if I would
show him Aaron !BIggrstaff he would
discharge me. I told him I did hot
know him. lie called me ft,Har. He
then proposed to the crovvdToiet me off
if I would show them where Biggerstair 1
wasf-1 The crowd : all 16udly dissented
from this. ; They 6aid if 1 was let loose
I would go right straight and endeavor
to have them arrested. This small
man,! who appeared tq be the com
mander, then proposed to the crowd to
let me go that I was not of that class
of men whom they generally hung.' A
small circle then . gathered about me,
and a pistol ' was held . to my face, a
voice! saying, "this is the sort of a tool
we use on you damned radicals. I
then heard some one say where is the '
chief of Horse Creak Den? A voice
answered, "he Is'gone upjtheroad."
This Ismail man then said, vDo not be
so hasty if you shoot at this man now
you may hurt some of your friends."
This small man then , took me aside,
and I tbld me that ho was from
South Carolina that his order was to
kill me, but not to whip me. lie said
he would like very much to have line
belong to Ids company. lie said they
had lately taken an oath in their Klan
to kill every, man yho would swear
against theiii in the United States
jCourfc. ;Theso men accusetl me of know
ing of some traitors to their cause. I
told them I did not. ; They said that I .
and several others had to give up our
political views and that they had
finally resolved to kill Biggerstaff that
their order extended all over the United
States, and that no man when thus'
spotted could ever escape.' Theythen
tried to make me promise to meet.thein
at a place called cow-pen battle ground, ,
near ivmgs mountain, in south Caroii-
I "flfl r of oil rvll Qim'tli climt nnii Ihilli.
rrom votmsr. at political elections, v.rr"' vy "o''"
their consciences might dictate.fi10 i ney inen let me go. jun reacn-
'ft.fivn.t tA nrnvn ifKnt-.' i?.nnriAirK I 'buiiie.i jounci my nousc ucseruHi
spired with aiid guided a "y r" A 1,10
desperate bodv of men to the fidnp among tnesq
bhotwell by his
beatingand killing hinii thatthe death
of Mr. Justice was only prevented by
the.interference of a man from South
Carolina, who, however, belonged to
this body of desperadoes. Until nil
combinations of this sort are put down
we can expect nothing bat trouble and
bloodshed. - r".j -;;., j , .
J j JAMES M. JUSTICEil
of Butherfor'd, the person upon whom1
the Ku Klux essayed t6 Wreak their
vengance, was first called to the stand.
.Mr. j Justice, being sworn, testified as1
follows:- . t.i4 .tfc:, , ..J',- ,A.
. "My name is-James Mi Justice, s i
am a member of the Legislature of this
State, j I was elected as a I publican.
Hon . A. H." Jones was a candidate for
Congress in my district. He is a Re
publican. I advocated jthe election of
Mr. Jones. On Sunday j night, 11th of
last June, I was attacked in the after
part of the night. At that time I did
not apprehend anything of the sort;
was sleeping in my bedroom, which
was immediately on jthe (left of the
main entrance to my house. The main
entrance to my house is! in the second
story the lower part of tke building is
uc-uupiu uy a, uruggisr. i was awoke
size , and . voice.
I think it was his voico that ralletl
outVthis is the way in tho direction
of the Star ofiice." .1! thought
I recognized the clothes I had seen
Shotwell wear. I also thought F. A.
Shotwell was present. I - knew only
one man positively, and his; name wat
John Good. I think Wm; Webster
was in the crowd; also, Wm. Tanner.
I thought I knew, Mr Tanner by his
way of standing. He has a very pecu
liar I way of ' poising his b6dy. ITho
witpess here named a number of ier
sons whom he had supposed he recog
nized by their voices, but who are not
in the bill of indictment: '
UNION AND HARMONY.
. When bodies of " men. unite them
selves together for any purpose, it is of
the utmost. importance ioAho attain
ment of the' objects they have, In view
that ,harmony is maintained among
them . This is especially trub "of poiit
cal parties, In which the ambitions and
selfish passions of men contend for mas
Jrrinciples alone. !mwwr .ilu
that night by a tremendous Crash upon f tary or.benefieent, do not always unite
AS,1 gOt Up,
my door, and
guns. 1 1 suspicioned
jumped out of bed.
nersons nassea into mv rnnm r- t-
behind my bed.feariiig these men came
to do yiolence. I heard A man say
"light a match." Instantly a light vas
produced. I then silv two men stand
ing near my bed, very strangely: dis
guisedJ Their faces were covered witli
something red,and the mouths and eyes
were bound or covered with something
white, i The appearance was friarhtfuf!
One came forward and said) "Ohr 5 you
darned jrascal. I've, got you at last."
The other said "you needn't say aword.
You have helped to ruin your country."
They then dragged me! out into 5 the
entry, having struck me Several blows
with pistols. I then called out for help,
knowing it was my only chance - to
awake the citizens. I was then knock
ed down by a pistol and. wras struck in
ray side. I hardly know how they
got me down stairs--think Lwas drag
ged,do)vn. My wife was. in bed with
me when these parties entered. , I told
her not to Speak. ' She did not. They
demanded me to give up my pistol. 1 1
told them it was in a drawer In - my
room. ) It was , raining very . hard. I
had nothing on but my - shirt. The
cool rain somewhat j revived me. It
rained very hard, and the occasional
I ightning revealed to me a large num
ber of men disgused. j - Tivo men seized
me and lead me by my arms.. These
men then commenced to lire their pisV
tols and exult over : their success in
capturmcr me. One man askml
C; to sustain j "where that damned Logan was." I an
against thel SSSSilS 5.H10 office I PPO-'V
aiv uicu iuu wiui iwe, aim wnen we
got to the Court House, where - the
street branches off towards my law of
fice ami the Star office, avoiee -called
out ,Vthis Js .tbe, way.f : They then
drug me down wliativfe call' Shplhv
street, f Wlien we trot to th font nf ti, a
c r " w w mv
Mr. Phillips desired to known what ! hill these men talked to met ai good
men. in IiarmonV nnM Imnal l.nni if
labor as with -a haglo mind for the
same end. fhere must be rules to re
strain ana ' govern them, and i this Is
called organization., ., : j . ..
Organization is as necessary to par
ties as it is to armies: No substantial
victory is ever achieved without it.
The old Democratic! party of this
country, afforded a notable exaniple of
the power of organization., This feat
ure chngs to it even In its decay, land
is the only thing in it Or of itwhlch
llepublieans should imitate. -
. The country is approaching; a Presi
dential election, which must be i car
ried by the Republicans, nr tho
disasters must be expected. Wo mut
have thorough organization, i; The 'vo
ters .In every neighborhood inust bo v
reached by speeches and by.documents.
Ihis is especially important in tho
southern States, M ere the population Is '
sparse and difficult to reach, and were
the organizations that existed and were
very usefnl in the work of reconstruc
tion have, been neglected or abandoned.
The people themselves are sometmies "
among their leaders. These dissensions
are too often caused by ambition ami
selfishness. When feudT spriiVS
among the leaders and the people are
invol in theseflud3;it8efdoin hap?
jittot-lKrtliBWearo-not to blam?.
A teppublican will prefer 1 his pari ,
ty to himself. He willdeferon alfoc
casions to Its action, 'whether in Vfei'
yoratthetime ortiot. Let our inotto
oe, union ana JIarmonyMittttal cott
wsion-revtrything for .thedame" and "
nothing formcfui And let thq Jtepub- !
bean people rebuke the , leaders, if n '
essary, and require them to bury their
feuds and settle their difflcultiesf ThuJ
must wo prepare-for a ; successful cara'
paign inl72-With unionand harC 7
iyiilour rank? m1 thorough organi-
tru? u"sa., ?miri;-Washioton
Chronicle, Sept 14, J
- ' .
The Era (Raleigh, N.C.)
groups preceding, succeeding, and alternate titles together.
Sept. 21, 1871, edition 1
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