North Carolina Newspapers

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Vol. 1.
RAllKIGH, N. C, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1871.
No. 19.
- i i : ' '' . j - ! ' 1 ' - " ' ; ' ' ' " m
1
Rogers. Tho defaulting cashier of
the Pejepscot National Bank of Bruns
wick, Maine, was arraigned on last Fri
day morning lefore Judge Shepiy, of
the U. S. Circuit Court, lie plead guil
ty, and was sentencel to six years at
hard labor in the State Prison. I )
. i A Boston special says tho woman
fr.uu hisers of Massachusetts are highly
indignant because the late Republican
platform does not more fully recognize
their claims to the ballots The Dis
patch adds that "nothing is left for
them but to go to Washington and join
Victoria Woodhull and her crew, and
they are mad enough to do It." j
The New York Tribune sustains
the nominations made by the Syracuse
Convention, and counsels harm(iuy
among tho Republicans of New York.
This almost certainly assures the suc
cess of the party in the Empire State
at the November elections. The ticket
nominated seems to be acceptable , to
all classes of Republicans in the State.
Injunction- Continued. We learn
that Judges Bond and Brooks during
the late term of the United States Cir
cuit Court, continued until the hearing
the injunction sued out by Swazy r$.
Josiah Turner, Jr., and others who had
been apjointed Directors of the North
Carolina Railroad Co., by Messrs. War
ren and Jarvis, under a late act of the
General Assembly. This decision as
we understand it sustains Ciov. Cald-
. well's right to apiKiint Directors for
said road. !
A most sickening accident occured'at
l'aoli, Orangi county,Indiana,on Tues
day, growing out of a hallotm nscent.
It stH'ims that before the aeronauts were
.-.iUil in the car the ropes gave way,
niid while the balloon was shooting up
wards the two voyagers caught at the
nies. One let go immediately and
fell to the earth uninjured,but the other
shot uy holding to the ropes to the
height of a mile and then let go. lie
was of course crushed into an undistih
guishablc mass.
The sjKtvh delivered by Secretary
BiMitwell at Cincinnati on Thursday,
says The Washington Siury may be ta
ken as an indication of his proposed
KIicy in the future, as well as a grati
fying review of the financial adminis
tration in the past. The payment of
?:If0,i)K,000 of the public debt and the
reduction of $,so,000,000 in taxation are
alluded to, and he proposes ere long to
reduce, taxation thirty millions more,
and content ourselves with paying off
the debt at the rate of only fifty mil
lions a year. Taxation even now, .he
says, is not burdensome. There are on
ly seven subjects of taxation altogether,
and none of these are . really oppressive
or obnoxious except the income tax.
This, he says, will expiro in 1872 by
limitation, if not renewed. .
Prolific Corn. We were shown
on Thursday, by Sheriff Lee, of this
County, several stalks of corn, grown
on his farm not far from this city,1
which is very remarkable. It Is of the
"Pacific Prolific" variety, and the seed
was procured by hHn from Brazil. The
stalks, which aro of ordinary size and
height, bear each from" three to eight
good sized ears. Sheriff Leo will have
samples of this wonderful corn on ex
hibition at the State Fuir, and our far
mers and planters would do well to ex
amine it with a view, to its extensive
culture. The only, question that we
see as to its great value is whether or
not it will deteriorate in this latitude
after a few years cultivation. Sheriff
Lee informed as that twenty stalks pro
duced a bushel of com, which,he thinks,
Is much better than cotton. '
The Virginia Republican State Con
vention, says Tlic Philadelphia Tele
graph, adopted a decided resolution in
favor of a protective tariff; and we
trust that the whole South will gradu
ally learn to recognize the fallacy of its
old love for free trade. No section of
the country is more deeply interested'
in a protective policy. It can never be
as prosperous as it should be until nu
merous manufacturing industries are
established within its limits, and, to
accomplish this end, is- in greater need
of the aid of protection than the North.
Here many industries are already well
established ; there, nearly, the whole
wprk of organizing them, and guarding
them through the perilous period of in
fancy, remains to be done. The aboli-
hum .ui Biuvery wm ui uscii pruve u 1
r i 11 r LI
powerful stimulus to manufacturing de
velopment, which only needs the as
sistance of steady protection and of a
universal recognition of the dignity of
labor. If the South would manufacture
cotton as extensively as she can produce
it, her wildest financial dreams would
speedily be realized, and cotton would
become a real king Instead of a mere
mock monarch.
Frederick the Great gave Washing
ton sword, bearing the inscription :
"From the oldest general in the world
to the greatest."
Rev. W. H. Milburn, the Blind
Preacher. . has withdrawn from the
Episcopal Church and reunited with
the Methodists.
OLD LUTE WHIG.
We give space in this issue to the
communication of an "Old Line Whig"
with pleasure, but beg leave to say to
him in all candor and sincerity that tho
reorganization of the old Whig party,
is impossible. 'We are aware that
the names of Democrat and Radical
"are both odious to some of our peo
ple." We arc also aware of tho fact that
there Is some justice in his charges
against both of said parties. But a
State party cannot be organized with
any promise of stability that is not con
nected with one of the great national
parties of the country. There are but
two that have any; claim whatever to
be called national the Republican and
the Democratic. The Republican par-
ty in the North is substantially the old
Whig party under another name. Will
our correspondent allow himself to be
driven to the Democratic party by his
dislike of a name that is, per set a good
one ? We do not believe he will.' Let
him, and all good imen occupying his
position, join the Republican party and
aid in elevating it to such a standard of
excellence as will suit him, by electing
none but good men to office in the fu-
turc. Certainly all of Governor Cald
wen's appointments arc such civel
sntJafnMion nrt onW rM,r ror
w r
lion r- rnt f a oil i? rtrv ia ri1lmr ? Wj-k
uvwi. u.
1 ! -i .1 ill. 11.! 1 I A j
satisfied with anything he might do.
We can very well understand the tri
als of the mind of an "Old Lino Whig;"
they have been and are the trials of
many hundreds, if not thousands, of
minds in this State. The same scruples
and prejudices that are operating upon
his mind have driven many old Union
Whigs into the ranks of the Democratic-Conservative
party, where they feel
that they do not belong, and where
they can only be discontented and un
happy. Therefore we take the liberty
of kindly advising our friend and cor
respondent, who, we judge, has had an
experience very similar to our own, to
abandon his present position and be
come, not a radical but a, staunch' and
zealous Republican. For we assure
him that it is only in the Republican
haven that he can find that repose
which he seeks, and which the trials of
his .mind render if necessary that he
should have. We hope soon to receive
another communication from himl in
forming us that he has made up his
mind to take the necessary step to se
cure his future political peace and hap
piness. For he must see that the prin
ciples of the National Republican parly
are the eternal principles of justice and
of true republicanism the principles
upon which he proposes to organize a
new party. '
Wc beg leave further to say to
our
correspondent that the great Republi-r
can party of the Nation is compact and
united no divisions are to be appre-
hSnded. That it will be triumphantly
successful in the next Presidential race,
, whoever may be the nominee, admits
of no doubt whatever. All the proba
bilities are that it will retain possession
of and control the Federal Government
for many years to come. Let him jask
himself what the people of North Caro
lina have to gain by, warring for years
against the only party in the nation
that has it in its power to render them
any assistance in their poverty and
distress. Have they riot much to loose?
U. S. CIRCUIT COURT.
Thi tribunal RfllnnrnPd on Tiiesdav
" , . 0 . . XT "
the 3rd, until the last Saturday in No-
vember, after a session of nineteen days.
No cases have been tried since last
week ; all those that have not been
tried were continued until the term in
November, all the prisoners, who vere
not discharged, giving bail for theirap
pearance at that time. The case of
Hon. Plato Durham was, by agree
ment, set for trial on the second
Wednesday in December. 1 1
Judgments were prayed andsenten
passed on the prisoners convicted,
or those who submitted, in the second
Biggerstaff case as follows :
Jason Witherotc Judgment not pray
ed, he having been used as a witness.
Wm. C. Depriest Sentenced to two
years imprisonment and a fine of $100.
m Y 1 A l I
layior uarson rineu tou. i
Olin Otrson Fined 30.
Joseph Fortune Judgment suspend-
ed. he having been used as a witness.
Leander Thorns One year imprison
ment and one dollar fine. 1
Amos Owens Judgment not prayed,
he being already under sentence for the
raid on Mr. Justice.
JbSSSSli months impiis-
onment. I
Samuel Biggerstaff Judgment not
Tm'cl ot hSnetiinrtnf Aaron V. Tiip'-
gerstaff
. 1
Alfred Biggerstaff -Ono year's im
prisonment. !
Barton Biggerstaff Two years im
prisonment. I
Lawson Teal Two years imprison
ment. ' I
James Siceazy Two years imprison
ment. I
Adolphus Depriest Judgment not
prayed, as he was ' already under sen
tence for two years, f I
Thomas Portune Submitted, , six
months Imprisonment.
Beniamm Fortune Judgment not
S rayed, he being already under scn
ince. - I
Judgment was also prayed on the
following, who plead guilty In cases
not yet disposed of: i j
Ar. T. Thorn Two 'cases, ono year
imprisonment.
" r
Isaac Padgett Six months imprison
ment.' ;
David Holland Judgment not pray
cd, he being already under sentence.
Stanly JJaynestsix montns impris
onment. I
, Michael Grigg Six months impris
onment
Waiter Grigg Six months imprison
ment. j
Samuel Goforlh Six. months impris
onments
Michael Griqq Second case. Judg
ment suspended.
S Atnn Jouison One vearandSoO fine.
Peter J3axfcrOne year and $50 fine,
J. A. LingereM Six months impris
onments j ;
join isatneyiiix months imprison
ment. ;
JacobUl!lson Six months imprison
ment. ;
Jlenrv Boxtey One vear and $50 fine.
v Wm Mclntyre and Vm. Teal Judg
ment not prayed, they being under sen
tence in the Justice case.
Jason WitheroicZ udgment not pray
eel, as he had been a witness.
D.1I. McOovcn Six months impris
onment.;;
All of these " terms are to be served
out in the county jails of the State;
none of Hhe prisoners being sent to a
Penitentiary except those engaged in
the brutal and inhuman raid upon Mr.
Justice' and the Rutherford Star office.
Wn fVn niMsnm in mnvino- tho fol
,. . m, ,-r" vIF. x.,
luwmgiuiiifuui xnvMrjw vu, ,tuh
I a ""r 1 1 r i
asuia appncaoie 10 morin uaronna, as
I ' ' - -
well as to Virginia, and we fully en
dorse, the writer, throughout the whole
subject, which ho so understanding
handles, particularly" when he says :
Sell part of your burdensome lands, at
very lowifigures, which, in reality, will
I be high prices;
IMMIGRATION LETTER FROM
i ..' f J. ii LABIAUX.
RaIiEIGH, N. C, Sept. 25, 1871.
Editor Norfolk Journal: I quote from
your number of the 21st inst: "We
want to seo the same sort of prosperity
in Virginia, i The necessities of our
peopltj demand that every arable acre
shall be subject to tillage; that every
swamp shall be drained and put in cut
tivation, and that our vast woods shall
be. cleared and.Iertiie. farms established
in the?r placesi We want to see Old
Virghiia looking as lively as this Eng
lish farmer says (see your Albemarle
letter) Old England looks. It can, be;
it should pe ; and it will be. But when i
That derends uion the landholders."
- While the landholders can materially
help to; bring forth the wished fortrans-
j'ormatiqnl particularly in selling parts
of their 1 burdensome lands at very toto
Jiourex. which, 'reckoning well, would
be 'really h lgh price, yet their good
will must remain sterile as long as the
netc cottiers' do riot arrive. It is not be
cause there is riot enough of Southern
lands in the market, that immigration
is so microscopically small m the South,
for I know of one single company (the
North Carolina Land Company) having
more than 700,000 of acres lor sale in
tracts of even so small as ten acres (and
this company advertises it in several
Northern, Canadian and Scotch papers);
but it is for the reason that there is not
a systematic organization, with irrefu-
table moral strength and' indisputable
authority,: making its lull programme
universally known, that they do not
come in our midst, but emigrate to the
"Great Far West" and to "Snowy Can
ada 1" 4 i j
Other quotations from your cable dis
patches of the 23d inst. : "The conven
tion relative to emigration has been ar
ranged between the United States and
not Rrifnin ThA Hr!Hh fVwtimia.
;?Snn
the details of the scheme, and it has
been transmitted to Washington by the
foreign office." j As our Southern pub
lic, and the undersigned, are somewhat
interested in the scheme above, and do
not know anything about it, yet (at
least yoiir correspondent does not), will
X0" .be kind enough, Mr. Editor, to en
lighten us on this subject on as early as
possible a day? ! Please do, as we may
comprehend if thai scheme cyphers us
in or out ! ! .
Your announcement of the arrival at
your port of the steamship Caspian,
with sixty-five emigrants (are they go
ing to the "Far West?"); yourvelcome
salute to .the event; the merited compli
ment you pay to the agent of the Allan
line and to Mr. J. T. Shanks, your wide
awake local immigrant agent ; your
suggestions to your Board of Trade to
provide Jetter for future landings of
emigrants, and your prayer for an"im
migrant's s home," deserve high com
ments from all, and my personal con
gratulations.
When fthe "Southern Board of Im
migration"; will enter upon their duties
they. Willi of course, immediate pro
vide for an "immigrants' home" sup
plied with seats bunks, water, fuel and
light, all gratis I0r the Immigrant;
thev will likewise provide that arti
cles of wholesome food shall be sold to
the emigrants at fair prices. An hos
pital, with a resident physician, infir
mary, &L will also be immediately
established, and it will not be difficult
for the "Southern Board for Immisrra
tion" to make the "immigrants' home"
rri0r tO the NeW Yrk
My individual opinion is that as Vir
ginia is not as poor as North Carolina,
and as showill reap, in all probability,
the most benefits of the immigration,
she will be generous in her appropria
tion, in proportion, .and, am I wrong
in hoping, that the city of Norfolk will
show her understanding of, and devo
tion to the great,! but easy problem we
are to solve? i ?
My last communication to the Nor
folk Journal was hardly mailed, when
a party from Canada, came here, pur
chased a farm of 500 acres, (five miles
from Raleigh,) and scouted the idea of
Belgians and Alsatians settling In Can
ada. (The party is R. Koella, from
Zurich, Switzerland, having resided in
Canada since 1863.) T
I remain, dear sir, yours, truly,
! ; j J. L. Labiaux.
Wo have, as yet, no information
relative to the details of the Conven
tion alluded to in our cable telegrams
of the 23d.
For. the Carolina: Era.
Amendments of the
Constitution
(No. G.)
Art. V. sec
Amendment
propos-
ed : That tho section
lows:
shall readns fol-
The General Assembly shall have no
power to contract any new debt or pe-
cuniary obligation j m i behalf of the
State, except to supply a casual aeiicit,
sion:
or to modify or reney its existing
eot. : comment: aii inscruciiyc ms-
torical essay might be written on the
attempts made in State Constitutions to
repress the tendency of Legislatures to
run ineir uucs in ueui ior. ran roaus
ana oiner internal improyemenis. Ane responsible. The writer ot these arti
subject cannot be passed over entirely cies has no sympathy with the general
without discussion : but the briefest
must here suffice, i Every railroad or
canal must necessarily beneht some lo
cality, (however extensive it may be)
and not others. A ceneral tax for it
must therefore necessarily be partial
and unjust. But some enterprises may
be conceived of, which are of such gen
end advantage, that if any means could worthy, as he alleged them to be ; his op
bo devised bv which State expenditure I T-o?tInn hnwpupr uniKSiial i1Yl mnlrartf
could be confined to them, and by which
me iunu raiseu couiu ueiuauowraju -
diciously and honestly applied ; it is
probable that the practice of State aid
wouia meet, wiui niuepr uo opposiuun.
But tho experience of every State, it is
believed, will show that no such means
have been as yet discovered.' 'lo give
the .Legislature any power in this re-
tc.IW"i lc1 w ?V"7 " w L"
spect certainly leads to abuse, if not to
corruption. Consequent to this general
1 t i n i . i i i
experience, we nna mat t
I ..II J? XI -t '1!J...4S.
all or nearly
all of the new Constitutions of those
States which have had full freedom of
action; either restrict this power within
very narrow limits or absolutely forbid
its exercise. The Convention of 1868,
endeavored to restrict it within limits
supposed to be strait enough to make
it harmless. The Legislature of 1SG8-9
enoeavoreu to leap overine oarers,
i 1 A 1 ai ; : 1
but the Supreme Court had tho courage
to restrain them. .Nevertheless the Con
stitution left one fatal gap, through
which legislative extravagance poured
with a tide which hastemporarily at
least, engulfed the credit and character
of the State. It allowed State aid to
be given to "unfinished railroads."
The exception seemed a reasonable one,
and with such prudent action by tho
Legislature as it was I reasonable to an
ticipate, it would have been harmless.
The sad experience of isos-y teaches
us that the prohibition to be at all ef
fectual, must be absolute and without
exception. To insert such a prohibition
now, may look like locking the stable
door after the horse is stolen, ii But the
maxim will apply, "better late than
never." s jl
Such a sweeping and peremptory re
striction on legislative action may be
supposed bv some ardent friends of
State aid, to disappoint tho reasonable
exixK'tations of several- sections ot the
.state, and to cui tnem on muenniieiy
i .. 'l .. n. i. 1..
from every hope of havings;' their re
sources developed. But it must be re
membered, that such a result would
not be caused by the suggested Consti
tutional -prohibition.! it has already
been produced by the legislative reck
lessness and folly, which in a single
year reduced tne credit oi tne state to
17 cents in the dollar. As long as the
present mass of bonds is on the market,
there is no prospect that the State can
borrow money for any improvement
whton tt wd
be madness to accept.! The best way to
begin to raise the credit of the State,
and to make future improvement pos
sible. is to put an absolute limit to the
increase of its debt. If any improve
ment shall be so important as to com
mand general favor, the State may ef
fect it by raisins: the necessary funds
bv annual taxation : and this is the on-
j ode n h 'it seems likely for
v mooe in wnicn ii seems liKeiy lor
many years to come, that any such ob
iect will be attempted.
ii, is piam mereiore, mat no secuou
of the State would practically j lose any
TTi A. I A ! XI A. '
thing by the suggested amendment,
while a beginning would.be ' made to-
ward improving the credit of the State,
and a rash, rechless, and corrupt Legis
lature, which, as it has heretofore oe
curred, is possible again, will 1 have no
similar opportunity.
Art. V. Sec. 7. shall be amended to
read as follows : I II '
The taxes levied by the Commission
ers of the several counties, for county
and township purposes, shall be levied
In like manner with the state taxes ;
and except for the ordinary, necessary
and reasonable purposes of county ad-
ministration, shall not be assessed or
of a maioritv of the tax payers of the
county voting: on the question:!
If unfortunate it is t impracticable, to
tie up the hands of a Legislature from
pillaging their constituents under the
cruise of taxation ; the same reasons do
not apply to such municipal corpora
tions as the Commissioners of counties.
The objects for which they arO required
to spend money, are few, well defined,
and capable of being easily restricted
within reasonable limits. The sue:-
gested amendment, requires that the
taxes laid by them shall be reasonable,
This word is a leeral term, and its use is
sufrested. exoresslv for the purpose of
bringing such taxation within the con-
trol of the Courts of the country, who
would only interfere incase the taxa
tion was errosslv, unreasonable either
in its purpose, or amount. I
The present Constitution recognized
the danger to which the tax paying
community was exposed by tne reck
lessn ess, ignorance or corruption Of these
petty municipal bodies. Most frequent
ly the county Commissioners are dis
creet and responsible men ; their con
duct generally has been such as to in
dicate the policy of the Constitution in
putting the control of country affairs in
the hands of men elected by the ! voters
of the county. But it cannot be denied,
that it is nossible that some certain
body of Commissioners, although fairly
elected by the people, j may be wholly
unworthy of trust. Such a bodymight
do irretreivable mischief if permitted
to act wholly unrestrained. Hence
every State Constitution puts certain
checks by requiring for &nyumtsuql
exercise of the taxing power, either the
previous consent 01 tne tax payers, or
or some other elected agent 01 tne peo
ple, or by permitting in a proper case
the interposition by way of a vote of
some other elected agent. The present
1T L!i AS I - 1 J. 1 Al-
vonsiuuuon enuenvurvu iu uuu una
check in requiring the previous consent
or the ueneral Assembly, liut our
short experience has provied that check
to be wholly unavailing. ;
Application to levy a special tax is
made by some member from a county;
it is unfortunately considered discour
teous for any member from another
county to object ; and the application is
aiways granted without inquiring into
st nmnrietv. To thnriioplr of tho non-
stitution is frustrated by the misplaced
flelicacv or 1 XHislators- iSo it was in
0a times in regard to the nomination
Gf Justices of the Peace. It was looked
oia as the perquisite of the county
members,and hence appointments were
niade, which to say tiie least, ought
not to have been mnrle. and no one felt
political course of the Hon. Josiah Tur
ner; but he is disposed to bei just at all
times, and to applaud when lie can.
.Notwithstanding that gentleman was
generally denounced because in j the
Legislature of 1861, he opposed certain
nominations for J. jr., it must be ad
mitted that n the nominees were,unr
to legislative course, was strictly in the
. jine of his duty and commendable,
And so I should say with regard to
opposition to special acts for county
taxation. But trie general sentiment,
or practice, is, and will remain , the
other way, and some other check than
the requisition of legislative; sanction
must be devised. TThis cheek is at-
tempted to be found;
teinpiea to oe iouna ; ist, in ine requi
siti0n thathe tax must be reasonable;
! ..7
thus empowering the Courts to set it
aside if grossly unseasonable; 2d, in
requiring the consent of a majority of
the tax payers, which will never be
refused in a proper case. L
' rr.t y- . 1 j i T . 1 2 i
xne tjonsutuuon enueavoreu 10 rmt
a further limitation on the j extrava
gance of county Commissioners, by
requiring that the ordinary county
taxation should not exceed double the
State tax. It would seem that this was
leaving a sufficiently wide margin. But
the leave given to levy special taxes by
consent of the General Assembly, has
made this attempted limitation practi
cally a dead letter. There is no nec
essary proportion between the State
tax, and a county tax, and any which
may be adopted, must be simply arbi
trary. It has been and will j be con
stantly evaded ; and therefore in. the
amendment suggested, all attempt . to
maintain such a proportion is aban
doned. The cheek suggested Of requir
ing the consent of a majority of the tax
payers Will enable us safely to! dispense
with every other. I
. K.
For the Carolina . Era. .
Mb. Editor Sir: In your paper of
the 7th of September, you suggest some
Constitutional amendments' by! the next
session of Assembly. I willj endorse
all you suggest, but suffer mo to say
you have omitted one of great moment.
In addition to yours, let the Constitu
tion be so amended t hat no member of
any Assembly shall get morp than $3
per day, and ten cents mileage! By all
means do not loose sight of this amend
ment. I am unwilling to trust aiiy
body any longer 'to fix their qwn pay,
since I hpe been so badly deceived by
the last. Legislature. Also that no As
sembly shall sit longer than 2 months,
and once in 2 years if it sits longer
than 2 months, to get no pay.
Again, Mr. Editor, will you suffer
me to make some suggestions in regard
to I'arties and Farty Spirit, in our good
old SState. It seems to me the preju
dices ot leading men arev growing
stronger every day. Now, what is to be
done ? Let me tell you what my views
are. We have more party agitation in
this country than the people want.
J3uu men are constantly causing mese
prejudices. The people, if from under6
such influence, want peace. - They are
tired of hard names and odious ppithets
enough, and too much of this is abroad
in our land. Now, for the remedy :
Organize a New Party. "Why ?" do
you ask? From this fact: , The people
do not like the name of Democrat nor
Radical. Both these names ard odious
to the masses of the DeoDle. The Rad
ical party suffered the offices tojfall in
to the hands of such ungodly mn they
rendered themselves unpopular. The
Democrats ruined us all by the war,
and, it is plain to be seen, it is going
again as it did before the war Rule or
tum. ow wnair say, get up a
new party ; let its leaders be good men,
who will look to the good of the whole
people rather than party, and, if need
oe, riue over an party ieeiinira lor uie
good of all, Henry Clay like, and as a
Clay Whig, let me suggest therevivim
of the old Whig party. I, as an Ok
Line Whig, called myself a Conserva-
tive, and, since the war, have chose to
voie as jl wiougnt uest, anu siiuji Keep
on in the same way. The old Whig
party was, in its day, the best party
that existed in this country. It would
not stoop to low down demagogueism.
fThe Democrats would, and, therefore,
the Wlusr party was not so much in
power. But the people's eyes are open
now, I hope, more than then. ' The
Democrats' fort is to abuse and slander
everything: that is not Democratic.
They used to publish to all the world,
all leading Whigs like Gov. Morehead,
Gen. Tavlor. Henrv Clav. E. J. Hale.
Gov. Graham and all good and great
men of the Whig party, as abolitionists
and every other slander that could be
thousrht of. Now some of -them are
down on the Conservatives, saying:
"Force them into the Democratic party
or drive them to the Radicals." f Now,
I shall go Where duty seems to call me,
regardless of slangs or epithets from
any and ail. urganize mis new pany ;
1 ll : J
put good men, as I said, to lead it; let
the office hunt the man, not the man
hunt the office : let it throw around it
rigrid economy treat all conditions of
men with justice, black and white,and
do not profess to do this, but do it to
the letter and you will see success crown
it. and party strife be killed off. If
something of this kind is not done, we
W A J.!
are srone. x iear 11 tne conservative
element of this State does not concen
trate, we will have no State govern
ment or peace. After the horrors of
the war through which we have passed
it was to be hoped that leading men
would favor reconciliation but, alas 1
'tis not so. Yours,
OLD LINE WHIG.
Cedar Creek, N. C, Sept. 16,871.
For tho caroitfaa Era.
Messrs. Editors : as many 01 my
friends are anxious to know rny reasons
for entering into politics as I have, I
will give some of them, or at least they
can deduce from this article enough to
convince them, if they will lay aside
all partizanship. ! ;
i In the first place, I will give them
the definition of j the words Democrat,
Republican, Conservative, Whig, Rad
ical and Subjugate. I would also give
the definition of New-Departure, but I
can't find the word and don't know my
self. As taught us in Webster's Dic
tionary, which is considered by all as
one of our standard works.
J Democrat means one who adheres to
a government of the people, or favors
the extension of the right of suffrage to
all classes of men. j -
I Republican .means ono who favors or
prefers a republican form of govern
ment. . ; '';i i T t"
i Conservative means preservative
having to preserve in a safe or entire
statei or from loss, ; waste, or injury. !
j Whig means one of a Political party
which nad its origin in England, in the
seventeeth century, in the reign of
Charles the First; or Second. Those
who supported the King in his claims
were! called Tories, and the advocates
of popular rights ! were called Whigs.
During the Revolution in the United
States, the friends and supporters of tho
' j iu i.,ji r t,ti
of the Revolu
tion Were called Whigs, and those who
opposed them were called Tories or
Royalists. !
I Radical means, pertaining to ! tho
root or origin, original, fundamental,
implanted by nature, native, constitu
tional, primitive, original, undivided,
uncompounded, serving to origination.
Subjugate means to subdue and bring
under the yoke of power or dominion,
to conquer by force, and compel to sub
mit to the government or absolute con
trol of another. Is ; !
i We of the South are a subjugated
people, and, as such, must admit have
been I more leniently deal with than
any other people; in the world, under
the circumstance! which brought the
political elements to strife. I told some
of my friends, after the surrender, that
I thought it 'would be best for us if
every paper printed in the South would
say nothing politically. Why? Be
cause wO were at the mercy of the
Federal authorities. You all know
how it is and how it has been. In the
next place the Republican party is in
power,"and I hope may ever be while
Republicanism is carried out, under
which we have all lived, and our fath
ers before us. Some say, "look at the
manipulation of t affairs, look at the
swindles, thieving,'? &c, &c. . It does
not matter what party may be in power
that has always been and ever will be
tho case. Look how affairs have been
managed in New! York, and various
othei places I could mention, were it
necessary. I have never been a poli
tician but know how thev were man
aged J Since the surrender, I have been
urged by men of different parties to
becoriie a candidate, both $br Congress
and the Legislature. Before the war I
was a Whig. I am known in this and
other! sections of the country by men
of all parties; was raised in Iredell
county, and have resided in Rowan
county about twenty-four years, and
hope 1 1 have established a character
worthy of an honest man. What I do,
I do freely, without favor or affection.
The jPresident of the United States
does hot know the different men ap
pointed to office by him or Jjy his sub
ordinates. He, or ; they, do so at the
suggestion of other men in various lo
calities. He wishes matters to be con
ducted honestly, and if it turns out not
to be! so, he turns them out so soon as
he really knows it. Just put- yourself
in the same position, and you might
do the best you could, but would you
or any person else do better than he
has.
I trow not. The Presidentf stated
these
things in a letter, not long since,
which was published.. I can't ; believe
but t
fiat the President wishes to do
what is right, 'and 1 will do so. Only a
few days since a defaulter was sent to
prison from Washington City Had
we a more correct man than the editor
of The Old North State t It is very true
some of us might not have agreed with
him in every particular, but take it as
a whole, how lar was he wrong, politi
cally!. I contend that religion and pol
itics are blended together, and if jthe
Tpon.lft will all (at least thnsfi whrt be-
flevci in the Bible) tread the 5th, 6th.
an(i 7th chapter, of St. Mathew, and
the 12th and 13th chapters of St. Paul's
Eoistle to the Romans thev will I see
how I things should
be, and I hope if
any Will do so they
will take a Testa-
ment with references and instructions, ments as the final settlement and pacjl-v-What
would or could we do without fication of the civil war, and then to:'
our ministers of the Gospel and the turn resolutely away from tho irrita-
ministerium, who are or should be our
most enlightened people in jeference to
Biblical affairs. I am aware this por-
tion of my communication may be ob-
jected to by some, but I wish the peo- j
pie to stop and think what they arc
doing. It is not put here for political
purposes or political aspirations, put
for the welfare of our country.
Itespectfully, sc.,
I T. W. HAYNES.
;Salisbury, N. C, Oct. 4, 1871.
A CARD.
j Raleigh, N, C.Oct. 3, 187
To the Editors of the Frd :
Gentlemen : In justice to myself I
respectfully ask that you publish the
following note addressed to me by Dr.
T. R. Egerton, a highly respectable
citizen of Rutherford County, in confir
mation of a statement made by me, on
the I authority of T. S. Elliott, that
Jo. Turner was connected with the In
visible Empire. i ' !
l am. verv resDectlullv.
W V i
J. W. TliUJUl'fcHJJN.
Raleigh, N. C, Oct 3, 1871. i
J. W. Thompson, Esq., ;
;j Haleigh, JV. V., , j, j-
i Dear Sir: As you have been assailed
on account of your evidence before the
Circuit Court with regard more partlc-
ner: Editor of thft Sentinel npu'snfltvr. I
was connected with the Invisible Em
pire, I take this occasion to state that
in the Spring of 1871;, in the county of
Rutherford, I heard said T. S. Elliott,
a chief of a den of the Invisible Em-
j pire, declare that he had "received au f.
thorny from Jo. Turner."
I am, very respectfully yours,-
j T. R. EGERTON.
HON. PLATO UTTBHAM.
As an act of justice both to Mr. Dur
ham and the Court, we publish below
the affidavit upon which j. his case wa$
continued until the next term of tlid
Court. It is hoped that Mr. Dur
ham will bo able to provo, to tho satis
faction of the people of this State, of
boUi political parties, that j the facts set
forth in his affidavit are true, and that;
he will continue to uso all his InfluencO.
to break up and dissolve forever tho
dangerous secret political organization
which he has been instrumental in help-;
ing to organize in his part of tho Shite ;
UNITED STATES, ' j
North Carolina, j I
Circuit Court, Special, Terra, 1871.
United States vs Plato Durham, ct al
Plato Durham, one of the defendants,
in the above entitled case, maketh oath
that he is not ready to proceed to trial,
on account of the absenco of J. D;
Wpftthers. Osborne Prior. James El
pott, Thou. Rudisill, James Colllns,wit-
nAssns for whom have been issuod fitib-
nesses for whom have been issuod sub
pcenas, and the same have been return
ed not executed. ! ; ' i
, He expects to prove by J. D. Weath-4
era that he was not present at the whip
ping of Aaron Biggerstaff. That for
the last eighteen months he has public-
ly and privately condemned all I resorts
to violence to individuals, on account
of either personal or political points.
That ho has advocated in the strongest
terms, that no man should bo prevent
ed from voting, by intimidation or.
force, on account of his race, color or
Erevious condition of servitude. Thai'
e has advised an entire submission to
the Amendments J to the Constitution
of the United States, in their letter and
spirit, and the laws proposed in pursu-l
ance thereof. That at the timo tho con-!
spiracy was formed at which Aaron;
I Biggerstaff Was directed to bo whipped,:
this affiant had been present and de
nounced all act3of violence, in thepow--er
of the Den. That he had gone there;
for the express purpose of putting an
end so far as he could to such acts of
violence. That the question of whip
ping Biggerstaff was not considered un
til after affiant leftand then to circum
stances from which it will bo evident
that this affiant knew nothing about
the intention upon the part of the Den
to , whip Biggerstaff or any other per-
son. i lie expects to prove that this affi-1
ant had severed his connection with
the Invisible Empire for more than
twelve months previously thereto, and
that he was present that night only for
tfhe purpose above set forth. He ex
pects to prove substantially the .same;
thing by the other witnesses named. i,
That the said witnesses resido in.
Cleaveland County, North Carolina, and.
affiant has every reason to believe thatt
he can have them present at the next'
term of this Court.
That said witnesses are not absent byj
his procurement or consent, and that;
this affidavit is made for the causes set
forthand not merely for delay, i
. P. PUUIIAM.
Sworn and subscribed beforo me, Oct.!
2d, 1871. A. J. Riddick, Clerk, j
The Canvass in Massachusetts John
Quincy Adams' Position.
As is' generally known, John Quincy;
Adams has accepted the "Democratic",
nomination for Governor in the old":
Bay State. In his letter of acceptance,
Mr. Adams says : ' .
Nowj as formerly, I think it wiso to
use calm and moderate methods in deal
ing with Questions of State, to adhere
scrupulously to constitutional forms in;!
enforcing the will of the people, and to ;
make haste slowly with, revolutionary;;
reforms. But I may , be pardoned if, 1
in view of a hesitation wnich lingers
here and there, I declare my especial'
satisfaction at the position adopted by;
the Convention In respect to the later
Amendments to the Constitution of tho
United States. I am heartily glad to;
see good citizens who have disputed'
the plan of adjustment required by thor
party in power so long as It was debat-'
able, acquiesce cheerfully when onco it"
has become irrevocable, r i
i It Reems to me to bo the naxt of natri-ii
otism now to accent honestly and with-:!
out mental reservation those amend-;?.
ting and painful memories of tho past
to the pressing: duties of the future. -
That future, if we wisely improve It,;
may bo made to redeem, and more than 1
redeem, all the sufferings and all the ;
errors of the past. It may warn us to 1
guard jealously the invaluable habit of .
local self government, while we yield
to the irresistible instincts of National J
unity., . ' t : 1 ; , .- ; - ;
Thus he accepts "honestly," and
"without mental reservation" moas-j
ures, as "a final settlement" or conccs-
! sion, which "embody tho en tiro Repub
lican platform and policy. The Issue
is therefore one 1 as to men, rather than
principles or policy. A tlanta New Era.
Commodore, Maury, lately elected
President of the Alabama State Uni
versity, in a communication lately ad- j
dressed to tho farmers of Tennessee j
says: ! ,
,To my view there is no recuperation
for the South in our day and generation
unless by means of an immigration
that shall brine abundantlv Into tho
country both labor and capital. It will
cost to do that ; but cost what it may, f
even if you have to divide lands with '
the immigrant, it will in tho end be r
worth the cost. I ;
This is emphatically good adYice,and J
ouiies. t
Capt. McLellari. of tho steamship
Britania. while attcmntiner to KllVA a.
lady passenger was lost overboard and
drowned last week.
    

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