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0 / 75
Just after the death of the flowers,
And before thoy are buried in snow,
There cometh a festival season i
When nature is all aglow
Aglow with a mystical splendor !
That rivals the brightness of spring
A clovr with a beaut v more tender
Than aught which summer could bring.
Some spirit akin to the rainbow
Then borrows its magical dyes,
And mantles the far-spreading landscape
In hues that bewilder the eves :
The sun from his cloud-shadowed chamber
: Smiles soft on the vision so gay,
And dreams that his favorite children,
! The flowers, have not yet passed away.
There's a luminous mist on the mountain,
A. iignt, azure naze m mt ir.
Kmt anfll irhitA hMVPnWHl ROarinCT.
Had left their bright robes floating there.
i The breeze is so sou. so caressing,
It seems a mute token of love,
And floats to the heart like a blessing
From some happy spirit above.
These days, so serene and so charming,
Awaken a dreamy delight
A tremulous, tearful enjoyment
Like soft strains of music at night ;
We know they are fading and fleeting.
And we watch them with yearning affection,
As, at parting, we watch a dear friend.
; Oh ! beautiful Indian summer 1
V Thou favorite child of the year,
j Thou darling whom Nature enriches,
i With gifts and adornments so dear I
How fain would we woo thee to linger
On mountains and meadows awhile.
I For our hearts like the sweet haunts of Nature
f Rejoice and grow younir. in thy smile.
! Not alone to tho sad fields of autumn
Dost thou a lost brightness restore.
Rut thou brinsrest a world wearv snirit
. Sweet dreams of its childhood once more I
Thy loveliness fills us with memories
i Of all that was brightest and blest
J Thy peace and serenity offer
A foretaste of heavenly rest !
For the Carolina Era.
I The War to Commence Farming.
As soon as a man becomes proprietor
' of ft farm.with a design to cultivate the
i Boil, for a livelihood, ir he 13 an lntem
- gent and thoughtful man his first in
quiry win De, wnat system oi iurm
manaereraent can I adopt which will
enable me to distinguish myself as a
successful agriculturist: or which will
return to me a fair equivalent lor tne
caDital investcd.as well as a satisfactory
renunciation for my labor; and at the
same time leave my farm in a condition
i quite as productive or even more so
I than it was, when l commenced iarm
Ing operations. No problem in geome
try was ever more difficult to solve.
There is the farm; and here are the
. forces to work it. And so we may say
. In another respect r there Is the piano,
, and here Is the music to do piayea.
' But what are these without musical
talent and musical skill ? And what is
a farm, and tools, and implements, and
forces without knowledge and skill to
: manage them? The first thing will be
i to plot the farm properly. The next
step to be taken will be to adapt the
crops to the quality oi ine sons, incn
if any portion of it be wet, calculations
should be made to drain it as soon as
i may be practicable. .
A SYSTEM OF MIXED HUSBANDRY.
"Ono cow, arid a pig, and-a lamb and a calf.
j And plenty or corn, gooa nusDanary nam.
And swine, in connection with raisin
grain, Lies at tho foundation ofsuccess-
ml and Drocressive agriculture. Still
it is not desired that there is much good
ngricultpre In the world which pays
t well. and which might be called pro-
gressive farming, wliere not a hoof is
kept from one year to another. But in
, order that agriculture may be paying,
: and at the same time a self-sustaining
' system, tho only reliable way Is, to
keep more or less stock, and consume a
lanre croDortion of tho course grain
which is raised on the farm. If a far
mer has an abundance of surplus capi
' tal with which he can purchase guano,
ground bone, poudrette,or other fertili
: zers. hemav keen his-soil rood, and
! raise largo crops of grain or grass with-
I out keeping stock of any kind.
! But thi3 would not be such a system
f of farm management as 1 would en
i dorse or recommend to those who are
about to commence farm operations.
! The great idea In mlxt husbandry is,
! to' commence with, a limited capital,
i and to adopt such a system of manage-
ment as will return capital enough to
defray the expenses of cultivation and
I pav for the improvements on the farm,
.and leave a profit towards paying for
tho land. and. at the same time, not
Impoverish the soil at all ; but, on the
contrarv. -imnrove its lertimy irom
year to year.
"What I desire to have understood by
a mixt husbandry is. a system of farm
I management in which raising grain
constitutes only a portion of a farmer's
emDlovment: while raisincr stock of
somo kind is a chief part of his busi
ness. In other, words, raising stocK
and CTOwinir crain on the same farm
wnoonoct ?rwiilrtfl orK'OTiln rrUJ ev70f flint:
- system or husbandry in wnicn noimng
. a.. l 1
but grain is grown or stock reared, iv
system of mixt husbandry involves all
the good practices to which we have
made allusions in this chaDter. And it
may not be amiss to allude to some of
the immediate advantages arising from
such a system. I have my mind on a
. man who owned only a small plot of
land, who raised an excellent crop of
Indian corn every season for twenty-
two successive years on one field. Iso
other crop was ever grown on that field
rlnrino- ho rxn-ri rxl Anrl iht tu'Pntv-
second crop yielded a larger number of
bushels of good grain than the nrst, or
any other crop during that period of
time. He always kept two good cows,
and fattened two excellent nogs ; and
most of the manure they made was ap
plied to the soil where his corn grew.
This instance affords us an example
of mixed husbandry on -a limited scale.
But it was by no means a perfect, or
even a commendable system of agricul
ture. If he had adopted, in connection
with this system, a three or four years
rotation-of-crops system, the Indian
corn which was raised, the twenty-se
cond year would have been heavier,
and the system a most complete one.
Let us notice wherein it couidriave
been improved. The soil and locality
were well adapted to raising wheat,
barley, oats, potatoes, beans or grass.
iN0Wfa3 mdian corn mimrw wiuuu
elements of tho soil different from
wheat, oats or barley, by growing a
crop of Indian corn every season on
that fsima soil, there was an extraordi
nary demand for those fertilizers only
u'hirh Indian corn reouired. -There
was a great abundance of material in
thft Roil that would have produced oats,
barley, andiwheat which the roots of
Indian corn could not tanc up. .xxurv,
thpn. we mav receive, and can appre
ciate the excellence and importance of
adopting a rotation ,systi3I in con
nection' WITH MIXEDVJIUSBANDUY.
Yowii Fanners JlanuaU . Todd.
. i - W 1 ' 1 - i
Letter from idj't-Gen. Gorman,
His Efforts to Capture the Iwrey
Gang The Reason of Failure, tfce. -
Maj. Wm. a;Hearxe, VI !
Manager North Carolinian:
T8) many inquiries hare been made 1of
me concerning my recent operations in
Robeson county, and so many of the news
papers of the State have seen piopcr to
disparage the efforts which hare been
made to capture the Lowry and Strong
Banditti, I have thought it proper to write
out a statement and submit it to joa for
; publication in jour columns. ' j f
About the first of August last, soon after
my appointment as Adjutant General, Gov.
Caldwell requested me to visit Robeson
county, and see if I could not devise some'
means to capture the gang of outlaws who
bad infested that county for years past,
and whose depredations and murdeis had
attracted such general attention. In com
pliance with his request I went to Lumber
ion and conferred with the most prominent
men ot the place, and also visited -Shoe
Heel, another promising village 'of the
county, for the same purpose. I fotmd the
communities much divided in seRtimqnt
in regard t the proper course to purstie
JIany were of the opinion that nothing;
could be done until martial law was-pro-,
claimed, and the whole of ScufSetowh
d vested or its inhabitants, whom they. Id-'1
lesred. were all In sympathy with the out
laws, fed and clothed them, and save them
information. Others thought the use of
blood-hounds the only means which could
be successfully used to capture and rid the
community of the pests, while others aain
were of opinion that if a number of U. ,S.
Troops were procured, and if a bodyfof
... I 1 . 1 - A ! 1 1.
citizens wouiu actively co-operaw uu
them, success would lollow in. a snort
while. I took the latter view myself, after
conference with all the different surges
tors, but toll them that it was my candid
opinion that the reason why the outlaws
had not been captured bciore men, was ou
account of the diversity of opinion which
existed. I told them nothing could be
done as long as they tncm3cive3 were a-
nded in sentiment in regard to the ques
tion. and that if they would listen and act
upon my suggestions, and offer no impedi
ment to the successlul prosecution m my
scheme, that I thought I could rid the
county of the outlaws in Ie3s than thirty
days. I proposed that fifty 'counters 'be
raised in the county from among the citi
zens, composed of men who "knew the out
laws by sight, who should receive from the
county rations and the pay oi regular sol
diers, and that, in the event that this was
done, I would try and secure the co-opera
tion of a like-number of U. S. Soldiers, to
act with them, and with the combined
force, to commence a regular ana systematic
campaign, in which I proposed to take an
active part. This volunteer force, it was
thought, could be readily raised, especially
as there was already a nucleus around
which they could form, consisting of a
party of some twelve or ; fifteen rclugces
from that immediate section, wh . bad
ben run from their homes, by the threats
of the outlaws, and who were then in an
organized body hunting in the swamps,
under the commtnd ofjCapt. Wishart.
After visiting a majority of the Com
missioners of the county, and conferring
with them in regard to my propnsitiuj.
they readily agreed to second my efforts.
atad acceded to my suggestions in regard
to pay and ration. t J
I With their assent and recommendation,
which was seconded by almost every ope
who seemed in earnest mj the extcrmin
tion of the banditti. I agreed to commls
sion Capt. Wishart, as Colonel of the 59th
Regiment N. C. Militia, and authorized
him to raise the volunteers required frm
his and the 58th regiment, which compos
ed the militia of that county, and returned
to Raleigh to try and obtain the troops.
promising to return in a week with teem,
if possible. I succeeded in obtaining two
depleted companies of U. S. Troops from
Gen. Morgan, which together numbered
nearly City men. Gen. Morgan consented
that they should go to Robeson county
only on condition that the citizens co oper
ate with them. When we arrived, we went
immediately iuto camp at Eureka, a Ri'-
roaa crossing, lmmeuiaieiy in ine msmci
wherein the robbers operated, and awaited
the coming of the volunteers, who were
collecting at Shoe Heel. On the following
day, some ten or twelve citizens joined u,
principally consisting of the band of rc'.u:
gees previously mentioned, and duiing tJie
week following they were joined by nine
more. These were all the volunteers CoL
Wishart was ever enabled to obtain, and
Rcvtral of tlifse were citizens of Richmond
county, and but lew of the entire number
knew anv f the gang of roblcrs sum
cientlv will to tell them should we have
happened to have iccn them in the swamps.
More volunteers were promised m a lew
days, and with the force that was present,
under the direction and suggestions of Uf!
Wishart, and his indefatigable Lieuten
ant, Col. Jas. Nick McLean, we proceeded
immeaiatcly to commence operations.
"Right here, I think is the proper place
to give some description of the country
which com noses the district euphoniously
called "Scuflletown," wherein the robbjrs
hide and emerge from to commit their
various phases ot outlawry. It is notjas
many suppose, a huge swamp. Scufile
town proper, embraces some twelve or fif
teen miles equare, through which runs
Lumber River, a slow and shallow stream
in summer, but which in winter, affords
water enough te loat rafts t ton timber
and prevent its crossing except on logs'or
bridges. During our stay of hve weeksj it
was fordablc at almost-any point. The
whole country is flat and sandy. For pier
haps a half mile on each $ide this stream1 is
a dense swamp of evergreen growth, which
inSvinter is miry and almost impassable,
except at certain points. This is called
River Swamp. Beyond it some two or
three miles. Hack ewamp and Lcvu s
Dtn," low marshy places running almost
parallel with the creek, which afford a run
ning stream in winter, but dry in sum
mer, almost impenetrable with trees, and
evergreen bushes which grow to some ten.
or twelve feet in height, and are interlaced
with running vines that form an almost
net-work of impediment to progress. These
swamps run almost through the entire
length of the ScufQetown district, ' and
range from a half mile to two miles wide.
Between the swamps and on both sides are
innumerable fiat places of various dimcn
sion, from a square acre to a mile, having
the same character ot growth, called
Bays' ami 44 Slashes, and the remainder
is of pine land, on which the Scuffletou-
lans generally reside, in log shanties, wilu
only' patches of sickly looking' corn
ana potatoes surrounding tnem, anora
ing their only visible means of ? as
tenance. They live, 83 a general thing,
by tending boxes, (getting out crude tur
pea tine) cutting ton limber for rafts in
winter, and doing odd jobs for the more
thrifty' farmers who live a few miles from
them. .There are exceptions to this gen
cral rule, however, where they have good
farms of a hundred or more acres, well cul
tivated, and whero the honesty, sobriety
and good behavior of the owners are above
reproach. Prominent among such are Pat
rick, Calvin and St. Clair Lowry, broth
ers to three of the outlaws, and several
others. In the section to which I allude
there are perhaps 200 families, composed
for the main part of tho clas3 of people to
which the outlaws belong, being mixed
breed between the white man, black and
Indian, many of whom retain in a remark
able degree the Indian characteristic in
face, color and form, and are said to pos
sess all the Datural shrewdness belonging
to the Indian.! Tbey live generally irom
band to mouth, in a state of much poverty,
in log houses, -wb slab roofs, with little
or none of the comforts of civilized life.
The locality derived its name long before
the war, I suppose, from the divers scuffles
which occurred amongst tbem, they bear
ing the name of their being quite belligerent
in character as Well as the scuffle it ev
idently took for them to procure an honest
living off their two acres cultivated pota
toes. 5 Only some three or four white farm
era continue to live on their farms
amongst: them, and these are con
stantly ' raided upon by the outlaws,
for provisions, which they give without
much! demurring; and barely whisper the
fact after having been "fleeced of their
property.' These live in a constant state
Of dread and uncertainty, not knowing
what hour of the day or night they may
be visited by the outlaws, aud are an ob
ject of suspicion, it is alleged, by botutne
outlaws and those who have previously
Some two or three white men have mar
ried mulatto women, and live oa places in
the neighborhood with tber wives, and are
assisting in the further mixture of the race.
The whofe race is more or less connected
by blood J and some Qve or six family names
.constitute me majority oi me muaunaius,
the Lowrcy8, the Oxendines, and Chavises
beiner the largest in number. It is assert
ed, and my experience rather goes to prove
the assprtion, that nearly this whole com
munity are in active sympathy with the
outlaws, many doubtless through iear, otn
ers frrim prejudice, and the balance from
ties of fraternity and blood. All, without
exception, lend no aid whatever in the
caolure of the gang, and never report their
hiding places' or whereabouts, and will not
even mention the fact when they see them,
until sufficient time has elapsed to place
the outlaws beyond the reach of pursuit.
It is positively amnned that any move
ment made by the officers of the law and
others to capture the banditti, is speedily
telegraphed by signals known only to the
initiated,' and by diver3 other means,
whereby they arc enabled to elude pursuit,
and from this cause, is attributed the in
variable failure of the parties to surprise
the gang,5 or at any time to catch them un
awares. Besides this, this whole people,
living as they do upon the edges of the
swamps and bays, which in winter are al
most (slahds1 surrounded by water, have
numerou? paths and short cut3 from house
to house, which they almost invpriably
follow, instead of the roads, and they are
W .this means enabled to communicate
with the outlaws much-sooner 'than par
ties who go the ordinary roads to reach
anv place at which they may suppose them
to be. These trail and paths ramify
the swamps and pine fields bewilderingly
to theunHcquainted,and many of them are
f carceiy qisiinguisiiaoie io ine umnuiHieu.
During my stay of five weeks in tnat sec
tion. I think I visited alone or with a de
tachment of men. nearly every house in the
outlaws tlomain, and took especial pains
to inlorrn 'myself as to the feelings and ex
pressed opinions of the people. There
was nothing f sullen in their behavior to
me or the. troops, were free in speech, and
without exception expressed a wish for the
troubles of the locality to end, but almost
invariably refused to lend any assistance
towards the capture of the outlaws, even
fur pav or reward. Nearlv all complained
of the harsh treatment they had in times
past received from parties who were osten
sibly hunting the banditti, and repudiated
any alliance or fraternity of feeling between
themselves and the gang. Their protesta
tions, in the majority of cases, however, 1
believed to be deceitful and without a par
ticle of sincerity, as their sympathies would
naturally! crop out occasionally! in their
con versa imn. ;
Our operations against the outlaws were
rather after the manner ot hunting deer.
The soldiers and citizens were mixed in
small detachments, and sent in the swamps
and pine fields in those portions more fre
quented by the banditti, and especially
in the vicinity of the houses of the wives
of the outlaws, four of whom are married.
and two of-whom have several children.
In the mcanUime, Col. Wishart aud my
self used every means in our power to ob
tain definite information concerning their
haunts and j whereabouts, and acted
promptly on the meagre information we
were enabled tobtain. We succeeded in
gaining the promise from several parties
to give us information, and tho only times
we came lanyway near running upon the
outlaws, was by this means. But we quickly
saw our force was inadequate in numbers.
It was impossible f5r all to leave camp at
once, ant1, the various places which should
have been watched were too numerous for
the small force we had at our command.
Only about twenty volunteers responded to
the call, and!of that number only two or
three were sufficiently acquainted with the
outlaws to know them when they saw
them, and I ; was in constant dread that
some innocent individual would be shot in
the swamps supposed to belong to the
gang. As I .could not obtain volunteers, I
determined !;to call out a portion of the
militia, and made" an appeal to them to
promptly come forward and co operate
with me,' and for this purpose made a
requisition Upon the Colonels of the 58th
and 59th regiments. But the call was but.
feebly responded to. The people had been
called upon iso often, so many fruitless at
tempts had been m.Jc, that they had no
faith in any such measures, and all were
averse to moving. The militia law is so de .
fectiye that; mv authority to force them
out was doubted, and I did not attempt it
seriously.'; J, however, received about
ninety unwilling recruits from the two
regiments, the larger majority of whom re
ported to camp without arms, ammunition
or blankets, and had to be fed from tho
meagre stores which the Commissioners
had furnished me for t he volunteers. After
one trial in the swamps with this detailed
militia. I became convinced that they were
utterly useless for the purpose. They were
given three days rations, and sent out un
der proper guides to certain points, but on
arriving at the designated points either
made no watch for the outlaws, or kept so
much noise- that their whereabouts, if the
hunted were in the vicinity were made
aware of the fact, and hence could easily
evade them. - Many of them also, after
staying opt'only one night, quit their com
rades ami cither returned to camp or pro-
ceded immediately home. Some ot the
militia were also placed with portions of
the troops whose duty it was to drive cer
tain swan)ps and bays where it was proba
ble the outlaws were hiding, but alter
getting ot; of sight of the troops in the
evergreens, quietly sat down, and let the
balance of the command move on, and then
returned to' camp and reported that they
44 got lost " fnm the rest. After this at
tempt, 1 1 despaired of the utility of the
militia, readily assented to their wish to
return home to their wives in the perils of
child-birth. sick children and uo tended
crops. There were & few exceptions to
this general incompetency, but all prompt
ly deserted us when permission was ,
granted. . ', - .- '
After this I determined to attempt the i
X-:.'.. Ii re
capture of the outlaws with the ;available
force I had of volunteers and troops, and
trust to fortune and some good opportuni
ty to lead the gang into our clutches, al
though I knew that it would be . almost
an accident it such an; event happened,
unless they were betrayed by (some of
their class, an event: Col.. Wishart and
myself endeavored to produce. , t : 2
The U. S. troops were as efficient as it
was possible for them to be and CoL Men
denhall, Lieut's Humphries and Harris
seemed as anxious to. effect his capture
as any of the volunteer force, and used
every means suggested by us td that end
Many of the volunteers, however, became
disheartened at the want of co-operation
on the part of the citizens, and gradually
abandoned tne enterprise, uniii, uuung
the fifth week, only seven . men. in
cluding Col's. Wishart and j: McLean,
remained with U3. When this occurred
the troops and their commander - , became
also disheartened, and was convinced that
with only that number of volunteers, hard
ly sufficient to net as guides, their efforts
were fruitless, and would continue sucn ;
and baying been sent there to act only
when co-operation was had by the citizens.
reported the state of affairs to the uom
mandmg officer of the department.5 who
ordered their recall, and thus ended the
. campaign. j
i As you know, the lack of success was a
matter ot great chagrin and mortincation
to me. but no one. in or out of Robeson
County, wilcJiarge me with want of zeal
or an earjwst desire to effect the capture
: of the outlaws. I actively participated in
r the vicisistudes of the hunt, and endeavored
to infuse the people of that section with
some of my own determination and confi-
deuce, but having witnessed so many fail
ures, they had become despondent and
hOTjpless of success andthu neglected he
best opportunity they had to rid the Coun
ty of the banditti. That success would
have crowned our efforts, had the white
citizens actively co-operated with me, I,
nor the forlorn hope who remained to the
end, nor the troops, have the least doubt.
Now, a3 to the " famous interview which
the outlaws so graciously favored me," and
of which so much has been said, I will
relate: During the first week of my stay
in Scuffletown, word was sent me by a mu
latto messenger from the outlaws, that they
wished to see and have a conference with
me. At the time, I was rather disposed to
refuse to agree to anything of the kind, as
' I knew it was attended with some hazard.
I was, however, anxious to know them, in
order that on future occasions, should we
meet, I would be able to identify them be
yond mistake. After consultation with
Col. Wishart, and on their second message
to the same effect being received, I con
eluded to risk an interview, and learn the
object they had in view in wishing to see
me. An a few days I was told,; alter con
senting to meet them, if I would go unat
tended, through a swamp some three or
four miles 'from camp, it was possible that
they would meet me, and on the next day,
without informing any but Col.jW., of my
intention,' I proceeded thitherj unarmed
except with a repeater, and unattended. I
met them on that occasion, and had a con
versation of over an hour with! the entire
gang, which consisted of Henry Berry
Lowrey, Thomas Lowrey, Stephen Lowrey,
Andrew Strong and Boss Strong. When
I first saw them they were sitting on a log
awaiting my promised presence. They
were all heavily armed, Henry Berry Low
rey, the leader, with a Spencer Rifle, and a
double-barrelled gun, while within his belt
were five repeaters. The "balance of the
gang had each two double-barrelled guns,
and from three to five repeaters. All of
them, I believe, also carried a bowie-knife.
I am told that this is the U3iial complement
of arm3 which they generally carry. They
were exceedingly respectful to me during
the interview, and stated that their object
in wishing a conference was to know if it
was possible for me to grant them some
terms. They expressed themselves as sick
and tired of their manner of life, and longed
to be free from their present peril and un
certainty, and stated that if they were al
lowed, they would depart the territory of
the United States. I assured them that I
could hold out no such inducement to
them, nor make any such terms that they
were outlawed by the Legislature, and the
Governor, nor any ' other officer had au
thority to grant any pardon or other escape
from the penalties of the law. I told them,
however, if they would surrender to me
that I should see that they were not mo
lested except by due process of law, and
that I would guarantee them a fair trial by
jury, and the best of legal talent1 to defend
them, and further than that I could not go.
I argued with them, that if they remained
in the swamps that they would eventually
be caught, and in that event no jhope was
for them, and that a surrender to mo might,
to some extent, induce the mitigation of
the sentence of the law. I also) informed
them that I was determined toj persevere
in their capture from a sense of duty, and
that if they persisted in their course, T
would surely finally overcome them. Dur
ing the conversation, they went into an
elaborate defence of their conduct, and of
course, attempted to justify some of their
murders and robberies. Some of the crimes
alleged against them, they denied, and
complained that from the first,! they had
only acted on the defensive. j
Before leaving them, they assured me
that they would not ambush or shoot any
of .the tioops under my command, except
they should be," cornered," in which event
they intended to die game. They also
promised that they would not physically
injure any citizens thereafter except in de
fence of themselves, but said they were
bound to eat. and ns they were hot allow
ed to work, , they would be forced to make
requisitions-?upon farmers for supplies.
They also agreed to consider my advice to
surrenderto inl and also stated that if they
did noSHjrrecfer, and were not captured
in ahort.whilthey intended leaving
that scctiohough they had misgivings
as to their cliancesof all successfully ac
complishing anescapc. . j
For desperadoes and murderers, which
they undoubtedly are, they bear but little
resemblance, and are altogether different
looking from what one would imagine.
They are all nearly white, so nearly so that ;
at least four of them might readily pass as
such. The oldest Stephen Low ery, is '
only 31 years of age. Their leader, Hen-
ry Berry Lowrey, is only 27 years of age,
and was scarce 17 : years, of age when he
first took to the swamp. Boss Strong, the
youngest, is only 20 years ot age. The fol
lowing is a mental deguerreotype 1 took
of the gang during the interview, which, I
hope, may be the means at some time, of
aiding in'their identification and arrest. .
Henry Berry Lowrey is about five feet,
eight inches high, weighs about 145 or
150 pounds, is straight and square built,
has straight dark hair, dull blue eyes, and
is so nearly white, that he might readily
pass for a" white man. He has a black
mark immediately under his lei t eye, made
by falling on a pot in his youth'. At pres
ent he wears full beard and mustache on
his face, of a dark color, not very thick,
He is about 27 years of age and is slow in
speech, " . -'I
Stephen Iiowrey is 31 years ot age, hve
feet seven or eight inches high, deep black
hair and eyes, is of a swarthy, dark brown
complexion, thin visaged, rather stooping:
habit, and is quick spoken. He has a bad
countenance. At present he weais a mus
tache and goatee, very black but thin. j
i ... . . . . , .. ..
Thomas Lowrey is about six feet high,
tolerably heavy built, weighs about 200
pounds, has a dull blue eye and a pleas
ing countenance, is nearly white and will
readily pass as such ; he has a full face,
dark hair and beard and Is rather ; quick
spoken, with a low and pleasant voice. He
has been wounded by gunshot in his left
arm and back. Hei3 about 25 years of age.
Andrew Strong is a tall slim man, over
six feet high, bright mulatto complexion,
black eyes and dark straight hair, and is
quick spoken. He wears uo whiskers, and
has but little beard. About 2G years of age.
Boss Strong is about 5 feet 7 inches
high, thick set, full face and will; weigh
170 pounds. ; He is only 20 years of age,
and has no beard, only a thick down on
his upper lip and temples. ' He is nearly
white, and will readily pass as such. He
is not disposed to be talkative. His hair
is black, with a disposition to curl ; he
wears it short. He has black eyes, and
heavy eyebrows which nearly meet.!
Before closing this lenghty, and ii fear,
tedious communication, I would like to
add my testimony to the efficiency of Col.
F. M. Wishart, and Col. J. N. McLean, the
leaders of the volunteer part of the com
mand. They have devoted severa! months
of arduous duty in an attempt to rid the
county of these pests to society, and zeal
ously and energetically co-operated in the
effort, last made. It is no fault of theirs
that success was not achieved, and were
the men of the county all inspired by the
same; impulses, the outlaws would have
been exterminated long ago. ; I
I would also add that efforts towards
the capture of the banditti have not en
tirely been abandoned, and hope before
long to have the satisfaction of announcing
their capture. It would be unwise to
state the reasons '-on which the hope is
based; at all events, I believe it the bound en
duty of the Legislature to devise some
means to rid the country of these outlaws,
it it is not done before the Legislature
meets. An act, amending the militia law,
which would render the militia effective io
such an emergency, and provision . made
for their suppoit while on duty, wojild ac
complish their extermination in a short
while. JNO. C. GORMAN.
Raleigh, Oct. 1G, 1871.
. A Propensity for Twins.
About nnfi milo from Jamestown
Unsspl countv there lives one bf the
most remarkable families in all this
commonwealth, and probably in the
United States. Mr. James Jeffries who
is now in this city serving upon the
Eetit jury in the United States, tells
is own story, and says that he was
mnrripd before he was seventeen years
old, his wife being only five days
vonno-er than himself. They lived
together seven years without chil
drpn whfin his wife srave birth to
twins - a bov arid a girl. In the fif
teen vears which followed, nineteen
nhildren were born tothehaooy couple,
each of the first three births being twins
and each subsequent birth alternating
between twins and single births until
the fifteen years were accompnsnea ana
nineteen children composed the family
firr.lf seven mir of twins being born
during the time. Mr. Jeffries is only
45 years old, ana is still youtniui in ap
oearance and very stout. His wife
had better health in all her life
than at present, though she wUl not
weigh 100 pounas. ner greatest weigni
at any time was 110 pounds. The boy
nf the first, twins now weighs 165 oounds.
the girl 125 pounds. All the boys who
n-P crown have maae targe men: ine
n-irls nrfi of e-ood size and all the chil
dreri healthy. But five out of the nine
tppn have died. Mr. Jeffries has ten
brothers, all of whom are large; men,
and within the families of these eleven
brothers there are thirty-seven pairs of
twins, making seventy-iour twin cnu-
dren, to say nothing ot tne nostoi sin
gle births. Five of Mr. Jeffries chil
dren are married, and added to all
those singular facts, notwithstanding
thft ahsrenpp. of silverv locks 6n his
head, he is the grandfather of five chil
dren. jjouisviue uovner.
What Men Have Died For.
1 i ; 1 '
Cnlnnpl Montgomery was shot in a
duel about a dog; Colonel Ramsey in
one about a servant; mr. je eatnersioue
in one about a recruit; Sterne's father
in nnfi nhont a froose: and another gen
tleman in one about an acre of ancho
vies; one officer was challenged for
merely asking his opponent to; enjoy
tho sppnnrr frnhlpt: and another was
compelled l to fight about a pinch of
snuff; uenerai isarry was cnaiieugeu
W n rnntnin Smith for declininsr wine
at dinner on a steamboat, although the
General had pieaaea as an excuse mat
wine invariably made him sick; and
T.ionfinnnfc f!rvvrhpr lost his life in a
duel because he was refused admittance
to a club of pigeon shooters, in a
rlnol rwnrrprl in "N"fiW York citv. be-
twppn Tipntpnant Featherstonehaugh.
of the 76th, and Captain McPherson, of
lilt! 'iZU. JJIillSII ICgiUlCUlj iu icguiu iv
the manner of eating an ear ofcorn,one
contending the best eating was from
ihn ffth nnd thft other that the; srrain
should be cut . off from the cob I before
patino" T.ipnfpnant Featherstonehaugh
lost his right arm, the ball from his
antagonist's pistol snattenngme iuiiu
dreadfully, so much so that it had to
hp nmnntatpd. Graham. Maior Noah's
assistant editor on The National Advo
cate, lost his life in 1827, at the duell
ing ground at Hoboken, with Barton,
thp son-in-law of Edward Livinerstone.
in a simple dispute about "what was
trumps" in a game of cards. I
BIAItRIAGKS: j :
Makried, in this City, on Wednesday
evening, octooer tn, iwi, at tne juapust
Church, by Rev. Dr. Fritchard Mr. Z. T.
BROTJOHTosr, foreman of The Carolinian
office, to Miss Mioba J. Pebey, of Greens
boro', N. a -j , r.vfV. ;7 .;f -'V-
Married, at the residence of Mr. Jacob
S. Allen, on Tuesday evening, October 24th,
1871, hy Rev. Dr. Pritchard, Mr James
Ridotjt to Miss Nannie C Johnson, all of
this .City." :;.'. -I.' A: JX.
Married, in this City, on Thursday ev
ung, October 26th, 1871, at the AM. E.
Church, by Rev. Joseph Nicholas, pastor,
Rev. Nelson S. Faerar to Miss Levina
Graves, all of this City. " !- I
- Die, in this City, October 23d, 1871, Mr.
Willis Moss, aged 62 years. j
lie died as he had lived for many years,
a devout Christian and an affection ato hus
band ; a good citizen ; a kind ; brother, and
good will to all. , - j '-y'r. -v '
Gone; dear brother, why lament thee?
Thou hast found thy long sought rest ; :
Thou hast gono to rest with Jesus, '; :
Audio be forever blessed. - ; ' v '
ICE LOT OFMULES FOR SALE!
Seven mules, for sale on moderate terms.
Call and see them. v - .
G. W. WYNNE & CO.
Raleigh, Sept, 12, 1871. 43 tf.
AAtrio ntrTXTT? rW TATS. .
y r exhausted
lilt. UaUUAO Hli'' T .
V causes the food to digest, removing
uyspepsia buu iuuwv'""'
VrnAAITtO TOTWW TAlt :
"-Gives tone and energy to
t It j pebuitatea uonsiuuuu.
h regulator of the Liver,
DR. CROOK'S iwisnn 'lAft - .jt ,
; - r.nrt Jaundice.
'' . . - j or any Liver Complaints
. Makes Delicate Females,
i Stro.ng and Healthy.
. nnSTTia TTTTT"C fXP TAW'
Has restored many persons
" I who have been ; - :
! -. unable to work for years.
Should be taken if your Stomach
. . , is out or oraer.
r.TrrTra WTTCli'. CV TAR . '
i. Should be taken if you feel
; i, weak or deDiiitatea. . .
i Should be taken to strengthen and
T.X7 rvrervmrl WTKR OF TAR
Will cure your Dyspepsia or
np rpnnir'fi WTNR OP TAR
f j ' Will prevent Malarious Fevers,
. i ,f . ana oraces up i-uo ojrsiiii.
tvt ViTjnmr'fl WTVP ClW TATt
r i ! ! Possesses Vegetable xngreaienis
- - wnicn maKesiniio
best Tonic in the market.
tip ppootph WTKTC OF TAR
! Has proved itself
- ; j - in tnousanas oi cases
- capable of curing all diseases of the
Tilt pi?nnKa wine of TAR
Cures all Cnronic uougns,
and Uougns ana cwias,
more effectually than any
i ; otner remeay
TkVt nT?nnTT'S WTKR OF TAR
Has cured cases of Consumption
I pronounced incurable
tp rnonir'S WINF, OF TAR ;
- ! Has cured so many cases of
j ; Astnma ana liron cuius
that it has been pronounced a specific
, j . i tor tneso compiamw. ;
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
Removes pain in Breast, Side or Back,
tt? rT?nnTC wtxe of tar
Should bo taken for
diseases of the
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR i
- Cures Gravel and Kidney Diseases.
TVR. r.ROOTv'S WINE OF TAR
j Should be taken for all
TnrOat ana Jjung Aliments.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
; Invigorates tho.entire system.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
-1 ' , . Should be kept in every house,
- and its life-giving
; i r Tonic properties tried by all
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
AH recovering from any illness
will find this the :
best Tonic they can take.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
Is the very remedy for tho Weak
Pi and Debilitated.
PURIFY YOUR BLOOD.
DR. CROOK'S :
Compound Syrup of
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND
SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
Is the active medicinal
quality of Poke Root
combined with the
best preparation of Iron.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND- '
; j SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
: Builds up Constitutions
broken down from
i Mineral or Mercurial Poisons.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND
SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
Cures all diseases
depending on a depraved condition
, I of the blood.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND
V SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
: Cures Scrofula, i
r ; Scrofulous Diseases of the Eyes,
' t or Scrofula in any form.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND - .
SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
" ' Removes Pimples, Blotches,
and beautifies the Complexion.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND
i - SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
Cures any Disease or
i i Eruption on tho Skin.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND '
j SYRUP OF POAE ROOT.
Should be taken by all
J , ; . requiring a remedy
1 to make puro blood.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND
SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
Is the best Alterative
or Blood Purifier made.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND 1
SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
Cures long standing
i Diseases of the Liver.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND f
j SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
Cures old Sores, Boils or Ulcers.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND ; "
. I SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
- j - . ' . Cures Rheumatism and
' t j : . ' Pains in Limbs, Bones, Ac.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND
i SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
" i . -, . Cures Scald Head,
1 f ' Salt Rheum, Tetter.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND
SYRUP OF POKE ROOT,
f 1 ' ' Removes Syphilis
or the diseases it entails
i. more effectuallv and SDeedllv
than any and all other remedies combined.
Aug. 24, 1871. ; ; 35 wAtriwiy.
2 8HBE SENATORIAL DISTRICT.
We are authorized to announce tho name
of R. T. LONG as a candidate to represent
the twenty-eighth District, composed of tho
counties of Richmond and Moore, in the
Senate of the General Assembly of North
Carolina, to fill the vacancy occasioned by
the resignation of R. S. Ledbetter. V The
election will take place on the 16th of
jNovemrjer, prox. - . ' !
October 21, 1871. - CO w trwtev
1 ' V
THE AMERICAN WASHERS
? PRICEf 6350. 1
The American Washer Save Money, Time, rnd
The Fatigue of Washing Day no Longer
Dreaded, but Economy, Efficiency, and
Clean Clothing, Sure. i
In calling public attention to this littlo'
machine, a few of tho Invaluable qualities,
(not possessed by any other washing nia
chine yet invented,) are here enumerated.
It is tho smallest, most compact, most
portable, most simple in construction, most
easily operated A child ten years old, with
a few hours practice, can thoroughly com
prehend and effectually use it. There is no
adjusting, no screws to annoy, no delay in
adapting! It is always ready for use! It
is a perf ect little wonder ! It is a miniature
giant, doing more work and of a bettor
Suality, than the most elaborate and costly
ne half of tho labor is fully saved by its
use, and the clothes will last one-half longer
than by the old plan of tho rub board. It
will wash the largest blanket. Three shirts
at a time, washing thoroughly 1 In a word,
the ablution of any fabric, from a Quilt to a
Laco Curtain or Cambrio Handkerchief; are
equally within tho capacity of this LITTLE ;
GEM f It can bo fastened to any tub and
taken off at will. ;
No matter how deep rooted a prejudice
may exist against Washing Machines, the '
moment this little machine is seen to per
form its wonders, all doubts of its cloansing
efficacy and utility are banished, and tho
doubter and detractor at once becomotho.
fast friends of tho machine. i
We have testimonials without end, setting
forth its numerous advantages over all oth- j
ers, and from hundreds who have thrown !
aside the unwieldy, useless machines, which I
have signally failed to accomplish tho ob-.
ject promised in prominent and loud sound-,
ing advertisements. "
It is as perfect for washing as a wringer is
for wringing. The price another paramount
inducement to purchasers, has been placed
so low that it is within tho reach of every
housekeeper, and there is no article of do
mestic economy that will repay the small
investment so soon.
All that is asked for this GREAT LABOR
SAVER, is a fair trial. Wo guarantee each,
machine to do its work perfectly. I i 1
Sole Agents for toe United States,
. A. II. FRANCISCUS & CC,
513 Market St., Philad'a, Pa.
Tho largest and cheapest WOODEN
WARE HOUSE in the United States. i
OctS, 1871. ' 18 w3m.
"An Accurate Time-kccpcr is indispensable
. to the Business Man or Travcuci'.
$5.00, r : I :
$8.00, -' :-X :' " ,-.-;!
.t-;.:' .. . '.:. $15.00, i '.j;
i : $18.00,
Single Watches of all kinds ' ,i
i Sold at Wholesale Factory Fnces. ,;!
Any Watch you may Want
Carefully Selected, Regulated, Securely
Packed, and forwarded to you safely any
where throughout the conntry, on roceiptof
price, by Express or Mail, Free, at tho same
prico for a Single Watch as wo sell them to
Jewellers and Watchmakers by the Dozen.;
EVERY WATCH ;
! marked down at j
ONE-HALF THE USUAL. PRICK.
Watches from 85.00 to $500.00 each. ,
Watches for Farmers. ' .
Watches for Speculators.
Watches for Tradesmen. i I
Watches for Clergymen. 1
Watches for Sporting Men.
Watches for Railroad Men.
Watches for Trading Purposes
- Watches for 1'ersoual usa. i-.
j Watches to Make Money With.
Watches for Presents.
Watches that Wind Without any Key. j
Diamond Watches for Ladles. !
Watches for all Purposes and at all Prices.
Watches with English, French, Hwln and
American Movements. Watches with Nickel,
Gilt, Frosted, Engraved and Plain Work. Three
quarter Plate, Detached nnd Patent Lever, Com
pensation. Chronometer, lialance. Duplex, Lo-'
pine or. Cylinder Escapement, and ull other
WATCHES AT ONE-HALF THE PRICE
' ever offere l by
OTHER DEALERS. : j'
A SINGLE WATCH or more of any kind nnd
any price (above tlO), 1 ! !
WITHOUT ANY MONEY,
and you can pay for it
' . WHEN IT A11U1VES
at the Express Office in your town. i
We are the sole inventors, proprietors, nnd
manufacturers of the new.
NORTON GOLD METAL, t
with which we case many of our new styles of
Watches, making them fully equal in :
BRILLIANCY of APPEARANCE,
STYLE, WEAR and TIME, ,
TO ANY FIRST-CLASS WATCHES
COSTING $aoo or $300,
and which we Bell Singly or by the Dozen at
ONE-TWENTIETH THE PRICE.
Beautiful in Finish.1 1
Artistic in .Design,
Strong and Durable, and 1
Always Reliable for Accuracy of Time.
Amone our ereat variety will bo found tho
An English Silver Watch, $ 6.C )
English uoia-iiatei Jiunting-case watcn. s.(w
Genuine Orido Gold Watch, Hunting-Case,
reduced from f 15.00 to
Self-Winders, or New Style Patent Stem-
led Polished Nickel Works, Exposed
Action, quite a novelty.
Sterling silver, Hunting-Case, Leplno
The New Norton Gold Metal Watch, Jew
elled Lever, Nickel Works, Elegant Stylo,
Warranted. 15.00 and
English Sterling Silver Patent Lever
Watches, warranted. , 1 15.00
American Watches, Ex posed Lover, Silver
oruriaeuoia,in z,3 ana 4 ounce Hunting
Cases some as low as
English Duplex, Watch, In Silver Cnso,
sweep socona ior Sporting use, Timing i
Horses. &c warranted 1 $18.00 and nn
Find Solid 18 Karat Gold. Hunting-Case. f
Levers, Compensation lialance. Nickel I
Works, all Jewelled, warranted f.')0.00 nnd 45.00
Ladies' and Gentlemen's flue Opera, Chate- :
lalne, G uard, Neck, Drop and Vest Chains,
all styles, $2, 23, $1, to, 0, and upwards.
; CLUBS, j .'',. I "
With all Orders for Cf Watches, of nny kind, we
will send j
ONE EXTRA WATCH FREE,
(making 7 Watches in all.) as a Premium to tho
person getting np the Club. Send nil Money by
Post Oince Money Orders, Draft or Dank Chuck,
or Registered Letter, at our risk ; I or givo your
money to any Express Co. and Order them to
purchase what you want from ns. and return
Watches or Money to you Immediately. ThU
will ensure Safety and PromDtness. We will
forward any goods, over $10 worth, to you. no
matter where you are, by Express only, without
the money, and you can pay for them when you
receive them. Full Descriptive Catalogues
mailed free. ij
Address all orders to the . . ' 1 1
NORTON WATCII FACTOR Y,
References: J Nassau St ' Nw Ynrt
Banks, Merchants and Newspapers
wi ew x orit. - , . 14 wiy.
TATE OP NORTn CAROLINA,
Pitt Countt. J
In Superior Court, -Pitt County. I
D II James. Wvatt James: Bithel JamM
Richard Carson and wifoijLydia, 15 II
Albritton and wife Mary, J T Mooro,
Hyman Mayo and wife Harriett, h J,
Moore and wife Lvdia P.; W U Daven-I
port and wife Sarah E., McG Waining
and wife William P., Samuel Mooro,
David C Moore, : ; I t . 1
'" nnalrurt. ""I " . '. i
Enoch Moore, Samuel Moore, Ilenry Mooro.
" " ij.wru, i iioore,i x a Moore,
Fernando Moore, Edward Moore, Bonj U
nighsmith, SallieJ Highsmith. Petition
for Order to Sell Lund. .
It aDDearinar to tho uiUaflnn nf u
Court, that llenrv Mnnra. nnA nf thn lnfan.
dants in the above entitled cause, is a non
resident of the State of North Carolina, it is
ordered by the Court that publication bo
made In the Era," a newspaper published
iu mo vuy 01 awueign, iN. u.. weekly, Tor
six successive weeks, notifying, the said
atJiirv woore w pieaa to or answer the
complaintof tho plaintiffs, which is deposit
ed in the odea of the Snwrinr n.nni-t hia.v
of Pitt County, within the time proscribed
juuuicm wini uo renaereu
against him, and the relief demanded in tho
complaint of the petitioners granted.
, Given under myhand, and seal of office,
at Greenville, this the 19th day of. Septem-
- W. L. CHERRY, O. S. C ,
A. IT. MANSFIELD, D. C." . 17-rw6v