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0 / 75
For the Carolina Era.'
These comprise the flesh, blood, hair.
bones, horns, excrements, etc, of ani
mals. They contain more nitrogen
than vegetable manures, and are tax
more powcrmi. )
1. Stable Manures. The standard ma
nure of this country is that from the
stable and barn-yard. The principal
varieties are those of the ox, the cow;
the horse ana the siieep. Of these, thai
of the horse is the most valuable in its
fresh state, but is very liable, as ordin
arily treated, to lose much of its value
by fermentation: that of the sheep
comes next; while thatof the cow ii
placed at the bottom of the list, because
.the enriching substance of her food goes
principally to the formation of milk;
That of the ox is better. The value of
each of these manures varies also with
the food and condition of the animals
from which it is made. The manure
from any animal is richer than the
lootl given to It, because it contains, in
addition to the residum of the food,
certain particles belonging to the ani
mal. The extent to-which it is am ma
lized depends upon the thoroughness
01 the digestion, latness or the animal,
and the drain made upon the elements
of nutrition bv the system. The ma
nure of well-kept cattle, it is readily
seen, is far more valuable than that
from those which are barely kept
All the urine, as well as the solid ex
crements of animals, should be carei
fully preserved. It is very rich in
nitrogen and the phosphates, and some
writers on agriculture contend that it3
value,: If properly preserved and ap
plied, is greater than that of the dung.
From an experiment made in Scotland,
it appears that in five months each cow
discharges urine, which when absorbed.
by loam furnishes manure enough of
the richest quality ana most auraDie
'effects for half an acre of ground.
Think of this, ye American farmers,
who are accustomed to allow so much
of this richness to run to waste! Tie
urine of three cotes for oneiyear is worth
more than a ton of guano, which would
cost from fifty to sixty dollars ! Will
you' continue, to waste, urine and buy
guano? Various' methods of preserv
ing and applying it will suggest-them-selvcsto
the intelligent farmer. Sta
bles may be so constructed that the
liquid discharges of the cattle, together
with the wash of the barn-yard, may be
conducted to a tank or cistern to be
mimped out and applied directly to the
-land, or absorbed by saw-dust, charcoal
dust, turf, etc., and used in that form.
If allowed to stand long in the liquid
form, fermentation is liable to take
formation of the sulphate of ammonia,
which will not evaporate.
But the waste of manures is not con
fined to those of the liquid form. The
solid excrements of the animals are of
ten left to drain, bleach, or ferment till
the greater portion of their most valua
ble elements have disappeared. Stablo
'manures should be sheltered from the sun
and rain, and fermenting heaps so cov
ered with turf or loam as to prevent
the escape of the fertilizing gases. Plas
ter, as in the case of urine, will aid in
retaining the ammonia. Boussingault,
ojie of the most accurate of experimen
ters in agricultural chemistry, states
that while nitrogen in fresh horse-dung
is two and seven tenths per cent, that
in the fermented and dried dung is only
one per cent. Horse-dung should be
mixed at once with other manures, or
with turf or loam, to retain its full
value. The manure of sheep is very
Strong and active, and, next to that of
the horse, is most liable to heat and de
lioy Manure. The manure of swine
is strong and valuable. Swamp muck;
weeds, straw, leaves, etc., should be
thrown into the sty in liberal quantU
ties, to be rooted over and mixed with
tli ilimcr. Tn this wav 'from five to
ten loads of manure per annum may bt
nlitrtirtrtl from n snide hocr. - r
For the Carolina Era. ;
The reason why the manufacturing
interests of North Carolina meet with
so little encouragement is very plain to
observing men, the very moment the
manufacturing of any article is com
menced in this State, and its citizens
commence to purchase, and the article
sells readily, just so soon the price is
raised and our people are forced to hunt
"another market. This I find to be the
case with our fine mountain cheese of
North Carolina. At first the merchants
of this city baught largely and would
have continued so to do, but up went
prices and ofT went our merchants to
the' North for cheese, and then it is
hurled at them that they will not pat
ronise home manufactures. It seems
they think one season is the only time
they will ever have to get rich. As I
have given a little advice to our moun
tain friends I cannot let our eastern
friends pass for fear of insulting them.
We I learn up here that our fisheries
have never caught so many fish as they
have this season, make an order (to the
country where they have been used a
hundred years for manure) and in a
day or so here comes half tub and be
fore you get them to your house a ten
dollar bill is nearly destroyed. J
Thousands of pounds of fresh fish
could bo sold every season in western.
high that we look upon it as extortion
and will not buy. Elk mountain cheese
and fresh fish would be consumed in
large quantities in this city. If out
friends East and West would take a
Ilint - Observer, j
Salisbury, Nov. 3, 1871. j
For tho Carolina Era. '
Messrs. Editors: I notice a piece
in your paper of the 2Sth u t., , signed . by
ASurfvChap." I think the writer
thereof should be corrected, and I take
the liberty of so doing, with no intent
of casting reflections upon him. .
The word Radical does not mean
"extreme." It means "pertaining to
the root or origin, original, fundamen
tal, implanted by nature, atUe, con
stitutional, primitive, undivided, un
compounded, serving to , origination."
I hope he or any one else doubting it
will take the dictionary and see if I am
not riht. The term radical means ex
actly the reverse of that a great many
people think it does. i
Respectfully, Ac-i - - -J
' T. V. IlAYNES.
' Salisbury, N. C. ; j
f Around the World. The iChJcago
and Rock Island and Pacific Railroad
have recently issued a handsomely en
graved map, representing the great in
ternational railway and steamer routes
around the world, with the distances
between leading points, from pWhich we
learn that the entire circuit of the globe
-about 23,036 miles-can be made in
seventy-eight days, and at a cost of
about $1,600 In currency.
place, ana tne ammonia 10 pass on;
but a few pounds of plaster of Paris,
occasionally thrown in, will cause the
49 All Letters relating to Subscriptions or
Advertisements, most be addressed to WM. M.
BROWN. Business Msnss-er.
All Registered Letters can be sent at our risk.
W. WHITAICER, - - TCditor
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER' 9,
Local, State and General Items
Latest from Orawqe Dr. Strudwick
and Mr. Argo didn't light.
Turner vs. Ilolden and Dougia case
originated in Orange has been transferred
to Granville county for trial.
Pompey Lyon, convicted at OrangG Court
for murder, has been sentenced to death,
by hanging. Execution to take place on
the 24th of the present month.
Gov. Caldwell has ordered a special term
of Superior Court for Wayne county U com
mence January 22d. Tho Lenoir county
Upon a requisition from the Gov. of Geor
gia. Gov. Caldwell has given up Wm.
Bland, confined in the jail of Robeson coun
ty. Bland eoes hence, to stand a trial for
The Washington Chronicle entereq upon
the tenth year of its existence last Friday,
with its circulation larger than at any pe
riod since the date of its first number. We
wish it continued success and prosperity.
. j I
Hon. Jos. Dixon, of Green county, having
been appointed by the government to take
testimony in cases of claims against the
government, the result of the late war, will
open an office in the city of Newborn this
Governor Vance. Rumor has connect
ed this distinguished gentleman with the
press of tliis city. Carolinian. j
Rumor goes a step on, and says " this dis
tinguished gentleman ' will take charge of
tho "jokers column."
The Greensboro' Patriot of the 3rd relates
a sad story of the melancholy encU of an
English girl, in that county, residing with
a Mr. Sampson. Far from her natlvp land,
she died in shame, with no one near to
speak a word of kindness, and point per to
the all sufficient Cross.
The following prisoners, convicted at Fall
Term, Wake Superior Court, and sentenced
to imprisonment for terms of four and six
months, have been sent to the County! Work
House by the County Commissioners:
James Saintsing, Stanford Tilly, Do rum
Jackson, Louis Sparrow, John Jones.
rinv falrl .-rll Tiaa jmnolntod Charles M.
r'orriu-nf llAlfiio-h. Assistant Adiutant Gen
eral, to join lien, liorman in a new euort w
squelch iowery ana nis gang. mi.
nal. , , ! '
Not so. Bo careful how you copy slugs
from The Sentinel. .
TTn.iTif Xfior Thn nrfin est omnia nnil
chestnuts in the mountain country is) repre-
t . V 1 nAVtv1ifri tViA
npnnlfi of tli.it section a SDlendid ODDortu-
nity for pork raising tho coming season.
That's so. The mast from our pine tree
in Mitchell county, is sufficient to kfeep all
the hogs fat in that section of the State, till
sprouting season sets in. ,
Parker, executed in Greensboro last week,
protested his innocence, to the last. While
on thscaffold, he is reported by the Patriot
as having said: "Well, farewell, Sheriff,
if you come .where I am we will meot, and
I suppose we will know each other " He
then repeated the verse from Scripture,
"Oh! death where is thy sting! oh, grave,
where is thy victory !" j
" Tho Sentinel, over the signature ofj"J. T.,
Jr.," in speaking of Orange Superioi Court,
uses the following language : f E ghteen
months imprisonment for Cuffy Tripe for a
crime which in former days would have
hung him, and one penny fine upoi Alex.
Ruffin for a crime only second to murder,
is enough to force people into mob liw."
We hope, most devoutly, that the present
quiet of the State may not be disturbed by
"people" and "mob law." j"
It is astonishing how old some ;olored
people live to be. The Carolinian says Peter"
Cranberry, down in Perquimans, js aged
over a hundred years, and continue to love
tobacco and molasses. After all, Peter is
not as old as Jimmy Ross, of Green county,
who says he was with Washington at the
Battle of the cowpens and after the fight
was over, blacked the Generals boots, which
was the toughest job of boot blacking he
ever done ; and wonders " why they c ould'nt
ha font in some other place besides a cow
Notice. A Republican Meeting will be
held at the Court House, in the Town of
Louisburg, on Thursday, the 16th Instant.
All persons who believe in the Republican
doctrine, or wish to see its principles sus
tained, are requested to be present, I
A full turn out of the people is desired, as
there will be business of interest transacted.
Messrs. Madison Hawkins, J. H. William
son, C. II. Thomas and B. F. Bullock, will
address the meeting. Come one, come all.
By order of the Republican Executivo
Death of Dr. Aluson. Dr. Aluson, of
this county, came td our city Saturday last,
and remained over night,intending t4 return
to his home, at or near Morrisville Sunday,
or Monday. He was found In hiaj room,
Sunday morning, dead. An inquest , was
held over his dead body, and the verdict of
the jury, as rendered, attributed his death
to strangulation there being signk of his
having vomitted during the night, JtcJ fcc
We saw tho Dr. late Saturday afternoon,
Innkini? as well as we recollect ever to have
seen him. ,'. " ' ';
TyrooRAPHiCAi We learn that at a re
gular meeting of the Raleigh Typographical
Union, No. 54, heldj on Saturday evening
last, the following gentlemen were! elected
to tho respective offices as follows:
President John W. Marcom. -
Trxidmt Jas. S- IlarwartL
(Jorresponaino secretary a. u. iwjusuug.
TYea&urrr Wm. M. Brown. !
Finance Committee W. H. Newbr, Sim.
Smith, and John C. King.' 1
Relief Committee J. M. Cross, John C
King, and J. C. Birdsong. '
v Sargeant-at'Arms John C. King. . - '
The election of the ' Executive Committee
was postponed. Wtll the Dft '
Tha Sentinel boastinjrly declares, that af
ter carefully looking over the list of Mar
shals for -the Capo Fear Fair, it is una
in rfisnhver the name of a single radical.
QuERE.4-Did you recognize the name of
a single Ku Klux?
Tho Messenaer disclaims any intention to
do Judge Clarke an injustice on account of
his politics, and undertakes to justify tne
charge of leaning to the prisoner by saying
members of the bar criticised the Judge for
the same thing. After all, politics is at the
bottom. ' !
. Only think of it, the women of Salt Lake
City threaten to raise a row if any of their
husbands are punished for having a plural
ity of .wives. Bringham Young has left the
city, and it is thought that something la
eoming in the shape of resistance to the U.
' j" .t.-
Erbor Again. The Sentinel is in error
whert it says a bill of indictment against
Hester and Berry was sent before the Grand
Jury I at the Fall Term of Wake Superior
Court Forsy the failed to appear on a sum
monsa Capias! was issued for Forsythe,
but the gentleman could not be found. At
torney Cox did all he could to bring For
sy the,before the Grand Jury.
; f. . ; :
Refugees from the Ku Klux Coun
ties in South, Carolina. Last Wednes
day night, one hundred and sixty nine colored
persons came down on the North Carolina
R. R destined for Eastern North Carolina.
They; were from the counties in South Car
olina, in which the Ku Klux have held such
a reign of terror. They reported that to live
in any of those counties, was next to im
possible, : and hence they have sacrificed
therf native homes, to find an asylum in
Poor Old Frank ! The Southerner asks
the question : Who don't remember Old
Frank Johnson' T and how few there are of
the present generation who have not tripped
their toes to his music j The 'oldgemman'
is now in Tarboro, where many of his for
mer jadmirers have furnished him material
assistance. Frank is now in his 97th year,
bent I almost double". His band has been
dispersed, and soon a standing landmark of
another age will have passed away."
' : ' j 1
The Tarboro- Southerner threatens the re
moval of the State Fair from Raleigh. Think
you could fix jup something in Tarboro ?
But, for the information of the Southerner,
we promise, if necessary, to name a majority
of the' mechanic in this city all Democrat
whoi complain of the late State Fair and
who refused to exhibit specimens of their
workmanship. And, if Raleigh mechanics
fail to patronize the State Fair, that depart
ment of the concern "goes up" and went,
last October, as there were no specimens,
save, agricultural implements, exhibited,
and they were mostly, if not entirely, from
Virginia. Dry up! !
Grizzelle Lewis, ased about twenty years,
died suddenly in this city Tuesday after-,
noon, at 6 o'clock, and unpleasant , rumors
in Connection; therewith, haying obtained
thrbuch the city, said to have had their
foundation in the dying declaration of the
deceased; a special coroner's commission
was issued to Joseph G. Brommell on
Wednesday jmorhing, who proceeded to
summon a jury and hold an inquest. Dr.
James McKee was called to make a post
mortem ; examination, assisted by Drs. E.
Burke Haywood and F. J. Haywood, Jr.
The medical trentlemen gave it as their opin
ion that the deceased came to her death by
the visitation, of Providence Verdict or tne
- Hi I : .
Irhef 'three: dollars a day and ten cents a
mile!' platform recently erected in secret
session,: ;byj the Democratic leaders in
Raleigh, y ilj prove the limberest structure
iff modern times. While the people Have
no objection to the three dollars per anum,
provided their representatives can live
thereon while in the city looking alter tneir
interest, they, the people, will not sell the
State to the enemies of a Republican form
of Government, quite so readily, and the
bid is an insult to every man, woman ana
child within the bounds of North Carolina.
Three dollars and ten cents! Paint it on
your banders, and " tote" around the cam
Arrests by U. S. Marshal. The Char
lotte Democrat says: "A deputy U. S.
Marshal was here last week and took the
bonds of nine of our citizens for their ap
pearance before the U. S. Court at Raleigh
the last week in November, to answer the
charge! of intimidating voters. The officer
who executed the writs (Capt. Bosher) acted
in a gentlemanly and quiet manner. He
had na trouble in finding the accused, for
they voluntarily went to him as soon as
they heard he was in the city.
i We inquired of the Marshal if he had
yrrits for any others in this county" and he
told us; he did not, but had several for citi
zens on the other side of the Catawba River.
- No ohe has been arrested in this county
on the charge of ku Wnxing.
. i "
Ku Kxux in the Mountains. The fol
lowing private letter was written to the Lo
cal Editor of the Era, by a gentleman re
siding in Lincolnton. We spread it before
our readers as evidence that the ku klux
hot bed in North Carolina is being greatly
disturbed by the United States authorities:
- j LiNCOt.NTON; N. C, Oct. 30th, 1871.
To the Local Editor of the Era r -
In this place is a U. S. Commissioners
Court held daily, for the purpose of inves
tigating ku klux outrages, and bringing to
justice the guilty parties. The Commission
er, J. P. Vest, is accompanied by Deputy
urachal ft T. Rnsher. F. C. Clarke and T.
W. Wdmble, the Court opened on the 25th ;
lnst. i rl ne nex aay out- uiree
but since that timo the town has been
thronged with parties coming from differ
ent sections of the county,- submitting and
making open confessions of their guilt, and
revealing some of the most atrocious out
rages ever committed by the ku klux since
its otfgmation. The old citizens of this
county are endeavoring to bring to justice
all who are implicated, and numbers of old
grey headed fathers are bringing in their
sons and turning them over to the U. S. au
thorities, saying "they were ignorant of
theinbejonging to the order until the Com
missioner opened his Court, then the boys
acknowledged it, and for the good of the
county they brought them in, and prayed
that all may come forward and surrender,
and have the county once more in peace
and harmony, and that all may enjoy their
rights; and privileges as in times past." . And
the young men who surrender are bound
over to the next tenn of the V. S. Circuit
Court, held in Raleigh, and they say they
will give all assistance in their power to
bring to justice the leaders who encouraged
them in their hellish outrages,
t Every day we look for the arrest of prom
inent citizens, who are known to belong to
the klan. Since the commencement of the
Commissioners Court, about eighty have
surrendered themselves, of which about
thirty-five have given bond for their appear
ance to the next Court. 1
Nationai. Insurance Convention
North Carolina AbiRfresented in
the Person of Wm. H. JfttNCH, Esq., of
Raleigh. This body convened in the City
ofNewTTork, on the 23rdj ult., and from
its published proceedings, We infer! that its
deliberations were of tho most interesting
character. , : -1
Wm. H. Finch,
Esq., special delegate
from North Carolina, in p
dentlals, said: (
senting his cre-
' Mr.' President. North! Carolina sends
greeting and good will to New York and
her sister States. Representing a State which
at present exercises no govermentai super
vision over the insurance business within
her limits, I shall of course during a great
part of your deliberations be merely a
"looker on' in Vienna." It will be my pur
pose, however, to carefully observe your
action, to report your conclusions to the
Executive Department, which I have the
honor to represent, to the end that North
Carolina may adopt such plans in the prem
ises as your wisdom may suggest and her
Legislature approve. Our vorthy Qovernor
and Treasurer are fully alive to the impor
tance of the great interests which we have
met to guard and perpetuate, and our Leg
islature will no doubt cordially unite with
them in carrying into effect any recommen
dation this highly competent body may
make, tending towards t uniformity in in
surance legislation throughout the Union
"a consummation most devoutly to .bo
wished." ; I
The views of Gov. Caldwell are in full
accord with those of the Hon. Mr. Miller, of
New York, on these subjects, and his zeal
ous co-operation may be confidently ex
pected if the results of our deliberations
tend (as they no doubt will), to the advance
ment of the good of his people, j '
I need not assure you, Mr. President, of
my readiness to Jtend my aidy to the best of
my ability, in promoting the objects for
which we have assembled."
We find Mr. F. introducing the following
resolution, from which, such information
will be had, as to enable Insurance compa
nies to so regulate their tables, j that the
greatest amount of good will result both to
the insured and Companies: J
. " That a standing committee of three be
appointed by the President of this Conven
tion to solicit and receive from each Life
Insurance Company in the United States,in
each year, in future, a statement of their
actual experience as regards interest and
mortality, and that the statistics of the Com
panies shall be compiled in such, forms and
under such regulations as the President may
prescribe, in the archives of this i Conven
tion, to the end that a combined Experience
Table may be formed therefrom after the
lapse of sufficient time." j j
It appears that a number of the Conven
tion visited New Haven, Conn.,J and were
welcomed by the Mayor of that City. Mr.
Finch was selected to respond in behalf of
the delegates, and he is reported, in The New
Haven Press, to have said : J ; j
In behalf of my brethren of the Conven
tion for this welcome, I tender most hearty
thanks. We come, sir, from the Atlantic
and the Pacific slopes, from the Orange
groves of Louisiana, and from those spright
ly daughters of the " original thirteen," the
great States of the West, to meet and agree
upon plans which will foster and protect
that great and beneficent institution and in
terest Insurance. You will be pleased, sir,
no doubt to learn that great unanimity ana
harmony has characterized our proceed
ings! a bright augury for the future, giving
promise of great results. I
Among many other considerations, your
beautiful City is respected and revered
throughout the country as the seat of Yale
College." Classic spot! Hundreds of great
men and thousands of others I far above
mediocrity are proud to call thee "alma
mater!" . i
Again thanking the Mayor for his wel
come to the confines of New England and
to his City of Elms, we all entertain the
hope that our ties of friendship, our ties of
business and our common tie of nationality
may bind us all together, "hearts as well as
hands," as one people. j
We offer no apology for the space occupir
ed in this notice of our worthy young friend,
William H. Finch. He has represented the
Old North State with credit to himself, and
honor 'to his old mother! lie took rank
with the best talent in that Convention, and
proved himself to- be, what has long been
conceded at home, one of the best Insurance
men in the land.
Dendrology. The largest pine tree in
North Carolina stands five miles North of
Raleigh on the quarry road. It is the lob
lolly species, and over twenty-three feet in
circumference. The bark on this tree is
ten inches thick ; the first three limbs are
forty feet from the ground, and two feet in
diameter. This tree is supposed to be over
a hundred feet high, a thousand years old,
and is still in good vigor, and daily growr
ing. Carolinian. j -
The "Local of the Daily Carolinian is
away behind the times when it asserts that
" the largest pine tree in North Carolina
stands five miles North of Raleigh
on the quarry road." The Local is not
a traveled man and don't know j what he is
talking about. In Mitchell county on the
summit of the Roan Mountain stands a pine
tree, as we are .credibly informed, which
measures over one hundred and twenty
three feet and two inches in circumference,
it is of the skob-nolly species J The bark
on this tree is eighteen feet, three and one
half inches thick ; the first three limbs; are
two hundred and seventeen feet from the
ground, and twenty four feet in diameter.
This tree is supposed to be over eleven hun
dred feet and one inch high and over three
thousand years old. It is thought that it
sprang from the root of the tree which fur
nished the flag staff for Noah's Ark. For a
number of years it was in poor health and
did not grow much, but a few 'applications
of the Balsam of Tar and a couple of doses
of Vinegar Bitters, and one application of
Perry Davis' Pain Killer restored it to its
pristine health and vigor, and it is now in
a most flourishing condition, and is increas
ing in circumference at the rate of sixteen
and two third inches ' every twenty-four
hours. It may be seen from the -dome of
the Capitol of Raleigh any bright day with
out the aid of a telescope. Wilson Burles
son, Esq., of Mitchell- county, will take
great pleasure in showing thisk remarkable
tree to the curious. j
Virginia Enborses The j Friend of
TEaiFERANCE.-rThe Virginia State Council
of the Friends of Temperance, recently held
at Charlottsville, Va., passed by a unani
mous vote, the following preamble ad res
olutions: : '
Whereas, The Press is a power in the
land both for good and for evil and no
cause can prosper without the aid of an effi
cient organ through which it can present to
the public the principles and objects of its
cause and as we are not an exception to
thi3 general principle, and as we have an
organ in the Friend of Temperance, pub
lished by Rev. R. H. Whitaker in Raleigh,
N. C. Therefore - ; r :
- Resolved, That we fully ( endorse the
Friend of Temperance, as our organ.
Resolved, That we urge upon all our mem
bers the importance and duty of furnishing
this organ of our Order, with information
from the field, and of using their efforts to
increase the circulation thereof. ' j
The Republicans of Wayne county met
in Convention, in Goldsboro, on the 28th
ult,, on which occasion, John Robinson,
Esq., presided as chairman. Resolutions
similar to those passed by the Wake Re
publicans, were unanimously adopted.
Keep the ball moving.
.Two of the melish who assisted in the ar
rest of Mr. Turner, last summer, were tried
at Orange Court one was convicted of an
assault, the other submitted each was pun
ished by a fine of one penny, and costs.
Politics in Every Thing. We had pol
itics in the State Fair, and politics in. the
Theatre, among the Worrels, who hired out
for the special slandering of certain gentle
men members of "the Republican party
but, Robinson's Circus was the exception !
Some of the decency tried it on the
clown, but it wouldn't fit, and we congrat
ulate the Sentinel and its yoke brother, tho
Tarboro' Southerner, tliat no allusion was
made to politics under John Robinson's
canvass.' - ! . . "
Ex-Con. Gen. D. H.jHilL in his Southern
Home newspaper, by a species of sarcasm
peculiarly his own, reviews the communi
cation of Gen. Gorman to the Carolinian,
and suggests that the j report should have
been made to his Commander-in-chief.1'
Seeing nothing to condemn in the conduct
of Gen. Gorman, the weapon of ridicule is
brought to bear. We offer no defense in
behalf of Gen. G. He did all that could be
done and his campaign was more success
ful than the campaignj of Gen. Hill against
the government of the United States.
President's Proclamation of Thanks
giving. With but few exceptions the op
position press of thej South ridicule the
President's proclamation proclaiming a
National day of Thanksgiving, . upon the
ground that the people of the South have
nothing to be thankful for. We have an
idea that we of the South have great cause
of thankfulness. j i j
But, then, this same opposition press has
ignored the observance of the 4th of J uly,
and it is not, strange
that they now decline
keeping a national feast, as requested by a
Republican President. I
. ; : r I - -
Correct, no Doubt, The local of the
Times, having "setjup" pretensions as a
pastry cook, issues, the following formula
for making an oystet pie. We have great
confidence in the judgment of our) brother,
and will have a pie made just as soon as we
can buy a quart of oysters : j j
" Take a deep pah and line it with . pie
crust, or puff paste :
put it in the oven to
bake ; when done, fill
the pan with oysters
that have been washed nicely ; put in pepper,
salt, and half cup of j butter; dredge flour
over them and cover; with puff paste rolled
thick ; when the top crust is done the pie is
ready for the table." - - j
The Price of Work in 1864. As an evi
dence of the utter worthlessness of Confed
erate money, in 1864, we append below a bill
for work done on ah infants carriage, by a
gentleman of this city :
To seven spokes, at 2 each,
" two felloes, at tfz eacn,
" sixteen spoJces
To eisht felloes, at
in wheel, at $2
" cutting and shrinking two tires
at & each.
To ten tire bolts ana tapps, $i eacn, iu uu
" Painting wheels, $2 eacn, j 4 uu
The Battleboro' Advance, says of the Ad
dress of the Central Executive Committee:
" With all deference to the superior wisr
dom of the Committee, we disagree with it
as to the policy of urging all these amend
ments upon the Legislature at the present
time and under existing circumstances.
We think it would be best to present only
one amendment to the Legislature that
concerning the tax.! The others can afford
to wait. We have I an election for a new
Legislature, and with all these amendments,
we cannot be sure of securing the necessary
two-thirds. We very much doubt if we
can secure two-thirds of the next Legisla-
ty with dead weight. Let us first get out
The Boys. A novel feature of the Fair
last week was the presence of twenty-eight
stout, healthy boys from Iredell county,
ranging in ages from ten to fifteen years.
Our friend, Col. R. F. Simonton of States
ville, selected the boys as specimens of the
health and vigor of Iredell, and paid their
expenses to Charlotte and back home. Whp
hnt that. artniA nno nr two of thOSG
dear little fellows may yet be President or
liimperor oi tne u mtea estates oi Ameri
ca. Charlotte Democrat.
We have no doubt Col. Simonton meant
well, in exhibiting tho noble I mountain
sprouts, at tho Fair. He intended to show
that the climate, water, fcc., of Iredell, all
conduces to health and vigor, as the Demo
crat says. But, alas ! brother Yates has at
last caught the contagion, and exhibits the
bad taste of his bitterest enemy The Sen
M. W. Churchill advertises in this paper
for one thousand bushels ground peas, or
peanuts we hope he may have them
speedily supplied, in view of the fact that
the Legislature will soon meet in our city,
and tho demand,Aen,will be heavyjudging
from the past. This Legislature j is a crack
ing concern I It not only cracks peanuts,
to sustain the inner man, while tleliberating
on the grave topics of the day but it took
a deliberate crack at the Constitution last
winter, and failed, and they now propose to
make a crack in that same instrument this
winter. With three dollars a day and ten
cents a mile.it is possible some of them will
not crack as many champagne bottles as
they did last Session. However,bring your
peanuts to Churchill they'll crack them.
Mean and Low. The atttcinpt of some
one in Washington city to destroy the pros
pects and future hope, of thousands of f reed
men, by telegraphing to the world that a
run had been made on the National Freed
man's Savings Bank of that city, is certain
ly too low and mean, to be even considered
in intelligent circles. Malico was at the
bottom of this move ; and we are pleased to
see this Institution so ably vindicated, as
appears from the annexed, which we find
in a late number of the Charleston Courier.
In refering to the slander, the Courier says:
" There was not a shadow of ground for it.
Seldom has the bank there had a week of
more perfect quiet. Our Actuary in .that
city sends us the figures for two' weeks in
October, covering the time when this run
was said to have occurred, showing the de
posits in that one branch to have been
$163,010.34, and largely ahead of the draft.
The report to the Board of Trustees, on
tho 12th of October, showed the assets of the
Company to be 3,153,509 of thi3 there was
in United States Bonds and cash (all imme
diately available) $1,167,126.86 ; and in other
securities, on which a loan could have been
instantly negotiated, if needed, to the
amount of $1,196,000. Why shoulda "run"
alarm any way, which had a strength so
vast as this T " I i ' '
The property of the Company in buildings
includes one just completed in Washington,
which has cost $160,000, and is j rented now
for 18,000 per annum to the United States
Government. In fact, it is probable that no
more safe and thriving institution exists in
the United States n than the Freedman's
Savings Bank,'! .
I ;- "Wholesale Irice,
::v-;h p.- by.; H
Orocers and Commission Merchants,
Corner Wilmington and Martin Sts.
COTTON per lb., , - -CORN
per bushel,- -OATS
per hundred, - - -FLOUR
North Carolina Family,
FLOUR Baltimore Family(
BACON per ft., - -SALT
per sack, - - -BAGGtNG
- - -MOLASSES
Cuba, hew, - -
" Sugar House, -
COTTON YARN -CORN
MEAL per bushel, -
- Retail. Prices.
- 8 50
-10 11 :
- 1 15
MARCOM & ALFORD,
Grocers and Commission Merchants,
I . Hargett Street,
APPLES dried, - ! -
" green, . -BACON
" unsmoked, It
; ' strips, - '- -1
shoulders, f - -"
N. C. Hams,
BUTTER per ft. -BEESWAX
per ft., - -BEEF
on hoof,.- -COFFEE
per ft., - - -CHEESE
per ft., - -COTTON
YARN per bale,
CORN perbusheL - -CHICKENS-per
per dozen, - - -FLOUR
per bbl., - -FODDER
per 100 lbs., - 4
HAY per 100 fts., - -HIDES
green, per ft., - -
" dry, per ft., -HERRINGS,
N. C per bbl.,
LEATHER per ft., - -
T.AT?X rur th- r- -
00 (3,1 50
11 m IZ
00 gl 00
00 (g)l 25
75 1 00
50 8 00
20 1 25
00 1 00
00 0 00
85 (all 00
MOLASSES-i-per gallon, -MEAL
per bushel, i -
OATS per bushel, - -
" i per 100 lbs., - -ONIONS
per bush., -POTATOES
irish, per bush.,
! j sweet, per bush.,
PWA('HES-ner bushel. -
20 (a) 00
SUGAR crushed, '-
P.R., - - -
common. - -
SAiyr per sacK, -
VINEGAR per gallon, -
by . ;
GEORGE T. STRONACHj
Dealer in Cotton and Naval Stores,
Market and Martin Streets.
Receipts at Raleigh, - -For
shipment from Raleigh,
For storage, -Sales
yesterday, - - -
N quotations :
Ordinary, - - -Good
Low middling, : - - -Middling,
. - -
MPORTANT SALE! .
1 United States op America,
District of North Carolina.
Circuit Court, 4th Circuit.
A. V. Parsons, Executor of
I 1 against i V In Equity.
The (Heron Mining Com
In pursuance of a decree, in the case
wherein A. "V. Parsons, Ex'r., fcc., is plain
tiff and The Heron Mining Co. is defendant,
made at June Term, 1870, of the Circuit
Court of the United States, for the District
of North Carolina, on the 4th day of Decem
ber next, I shall sell, at the door of the Court
House of? Wake County, in the City of Ral
eigh. N. C, at Public Auction, the land and
Mining interest described in the pleadings,
containing a large and valuable deposite of
Graphite Plumbago, or Black Lead, consis
ting of 3,789 Acres of Land, in the following
divisions: No. 2 of 1,100 acres, in the High,
Jones, McDade, Snellings and Stewart
tracts; No. 3, of 1,336 acres, the Johns, Car
mon,i Finch and M alone tracts; No. 4, of
1,353! acres, the Rex, Daniel, Simmons,
Saunders and Wetmore tracts, and. of the
Mining interest in the Spike's tract of 344
acres, or so much of said land and interest
as may be necessary, and subject to -a
mortgage upon two-thirds of all said Land
and Mining interest executed to Penelope
and Mary A. Smith by said Company.
Terms Six months credit, bond and
surety. N. J. RIDDICK,
j i Clerk U. S. Circuit Court.
November 4, 1871. 66 lm.
TATE OF NORTH CAROLINA, V
Person County, j
i In the Superior Court.
John W. Hunt and wife, 1
i ! against I
John Bailey and others,
Petition for parti
tion of rfal pro
It appearing to the Court that Yancey
Bailey, John Bailey, William H. Bailey,
Edward Bailey, John Nelson, and Thpmas
Nelson, heirs at law of Mary Nelson, dec,
and G. B. Southerland and wife , the
defendants in this case, reside beyond the
limits of this State : It is therefore ordered
that publication be made for six successive
weeks in The Carolina Era, notifying the
said defendants Of the filing of this petition,
and that unless they appear before the Clerk
of the Superior Court of said County, at his
office in Roxboro', in six weeks from the
date of this publication, and plead, answer
or demur to the said petition, the same will
be heard ex parte as to them, and judgment
granted 'according to the prayer of the peti
tioner. 1 - ' ": '
Given under my hand, and the seal of said
Court, at office in Roxboro', this 14th day of
October, 1871. N. N. TUCK,
20 w6w. Clerk Superior Court.
"O A LEIGH SASH FACTORY! ;
Price List For Sash and Doors :
8 x 10, 71 cts. pr. light.
10x14, 12 cts.pr. light.
10x16,13 " . I "
9 x 13, Vi "
9 x14,10 "
9x15, 10 "
9x17, 11 M
Doors. 2 ft. 6x6 ft. with sunk Pannels, $2.50
2 ft. 8x6 ft, 8," 2.75 2 ft. 10 x 6 ft, 10, $3.00
2 ft. 10x7 ft. - 3.25 - !
Moulded 35 cents on one side; raised and
Moulded 70 cents extra, J ' f ,
- D. S. IRELAN, Proprietor,
Corner of Davie and McDowell Sts.
Raleigh, Aug. 17, 1871. 32 witriwly.
The undersigned will open a School for
Boys, in Raleigh, on y; 1
Thursday, November 2d, 1871,
: 6 rates : " - -a"
Tinfinn tn fTlftasics and English dur- ' : -''-
ing short term, (16 weeks), , : $24 00
Tuition in English branches, ; j 20 00
Modern Languages, - Civil Engineering
and Practical Surveying Extra. 4
Terms: Half tuition in advance.
I THOS. B. BAILEY, A. MJ
November 1, 1871. 'J 65 tf.
Jf C. L. HARRIS,
. Attorney At Law,
(Office firstdoorSouth of Standard building,'
II " Raleigh, N. C
Practices in the Courts of Wake and before
U S. Commissioner, and gives special at
tention to the aiuing of eaures in the
Supreme Court of North Carolina, - All
business entrusted to him, will receive
prompt attention. 5 f 36 tf.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND -f
; SYRUP OF POAE ROOT,
f 1 Should be taken by all
' . . requiring a remedy
- j . to make pure blood.
THE AMERICAN WASHER!
i XTRICTK, $S.SOf
The American Washer Saves Money, Time, and
The Fatigue of Washing Day no Longer
Dreaded, but Economy, Efficiency, and
Clean Clothing, Sum . :
In calling publio attention to this little
machine, a few of the invaluable qualities,
(not possessed by any other washing ma
chine yet invented,) are here enumerated.
. It is the smallest, most compact, most
portable, most simple in construction, most
easily operated. A child ten years old, with
a few hours practice, can thoroughly com
prehend and effectually use it. There la no
adjusting, no screws to annoy, no delay in
adapting! It is always ready for use! It
is a perfect little wonder ! It is a miniature
giant, doing more work and of a better
quality, than the mest elaborate and costly.
One half of the labor is fully saved by its
use, and the clothes will last one-half longer
than by the old plan of the rub board. It
will wash the largest blanket. Three shirts
at a time, washing thoroughly ! ; In a word,
the ablution of any fabric, from a Quilt to a
Lace Curtain or Cambric Handkerchief, are
equally within the capacity of this LITTLE
GEM f It can bo fastened to any tub and
taken off at will. I 1
No matter how deep rooted a prejudico
may exist against Washing Machines, the
moment this little machine is seen to per
form its wonders, all doubts of its cleansing
elficacy and utility are banished, and the
doubter and detractor at once I become tho
fast friends of the machine. !
We have testimonials without end, setting
forth its numerous advantages over all oth
ers, and from hundreds who have thrown
aside the unwieldy, useless machines, which
hav e signally failed to accomplish the ob
ject promised in prominent and loud sound
ing advertisements, j . j .
It is as perfect for washing as a wringer is
for wringing. The price another paramount
inducement to purchasers, has been placed
so low that it is within the reach of every
housekeeper, and thore is no article of do
mestic economy that will repay the ' small
investment so soon. ! i ,
$5.SO. . J'
All that is asked for this GREAT LABOR
SAVER, is a fair trial. We guarantee each
machine to do its work perfectly.- r j
Sole Agents for the United States,
A. H. FRANCISCUS & CC, ' i
513 Market St,, Philad'a. Pa. t
The largest and cheapest WOODEN
WARE HOUSE iii tho United States. I
Oct, 5, 1871. ' i 18 w3mJ
"An Accurate Time-keeper is indispensable
to the Business Man or Traveller.,,
Sinale Watches of all kinds
(Sold at ivioiesaie succory jmces. j
Any Watch you may Want
Carefully Selected, Regulated, Securely!
Packed, and forwarded to you safely any- ;
where throughout the country; oh receipt of j'
price, by Express or Mail, Free, at the same i
Srice for a Single Watch as we sell them to i.
ewellers and Watchmakers by the Dozen, r
EVERY WATCH. . '
marked down at
ONE-HALF THE USUAL PRICE. , '
Watches from $5.00 to S500.00 each.
Watches for Farmers.
Watches for Speculators.
Watches for Tradesmen.
Watches for Clerevmen.
Watches for Sporting Men.
Watches for Itailroad Men.
) Watches for Trading Purposes. .
Watches for Personal Use.
! Watches to Make Money With.
Watches for Presents. 1;
Watches that Wind Without any. Key.
Diamond Watches for Ladles, i - s ' '
Watches for all Purposes and at all Prices.
Watches with English, French, Swiss and
American Movements. I Watches with Nickel,
Gilt, Frosted, Engraved and Plain Work. Three-,
quarter Plate, Detached and Patent Lever, Com-'
pensation. Chronometer, Balance, Duplex, Le
plne or Cylinder Escapement, and all other
known Styles. . '
WATCHES AT ONE-HALF THE PRICE
! ever offered by ' j '
! OTHER DEALERS.
A SINGLE WATCH or more of any kind and
any price (above 110), ' . j,
SENT ANYWHERE, f j
i WITHOUT ANY MONEY, ; j
'I I and you can pay for it r
I I WHEN IT AKBIVKS
at the iSxpress Office in your town.
We are the sole Inventors, proprietors, and
manufacturers of the new I '
NORTON. GOLD METAL, j
with which we case many of our new styles of
Watches, making them fully equal in
BRILLIANCY of APPEARANCE, v
STYLE, WEAR and TIME,
i TO ANY FIRST-CLASS I WATCHES
COSTING $aoo or $300,
and which we sell Singly or by the Dozen at
ONE-TWENTIETH THEI PRICE.
Beautiful in Finish, V
Artistic in Deslzn.
Stronor and Durable,
Aiwa vs Reliable for Accuracy of Tim
Among our great variety will be found the
following: I 1
An English Silver Watch, I $ 5.00
English Gold-Plated Hunting-Case Watch, 8.00
Genuine Oride Gold Watch, Hunting-Case,
reduced from $15.00 to 1
Self-Winders, or New Style Patent fitem
Wlndlng, Keyless Watch, Fancy Jewel
led Polished Nickel Works, Exposed
Action, quite a novelty,
Sterling Silver, 1 Hunting-Case, Leplne
Wfit-CllCS j i
The New Norton Gold Metal Watch, Jew
elled Lever, Nickel Works, Elegant Style,
Warranted, 115.00 and
English. Sterling Silver Patent Lever
American Watches,.Exposed Lever, Sliver
or Oride Gold, in 2,3 and i ounce Hunting
Cases some as low as
English . Duplex Watch, In Silver Case,
Kweeo Second for Snortlnz use. Timing
Horses. Ac, warranted i $18.00 and up
Find Solid 18 Karat Gold. Hunting-Case. 1
Levers, Compensation Balance. Nickel ' 1
Works, all Jewelled, warranted $30.00 and 45.00
Ladles' ana uenuemen s nne upera, unaie
laine, Guard, Neck, Drop and Vest Chains,
all styles, 82, 83, f i, $5, W, and upwards. ,
C L U II B.
With all Orders for 6 Watches, of any kind, we
I will send , .
ONE EXTRA WATCH FREE,
(making 7 Watches in all.) as a Premium to the
nci-Mon getting up the Club. Send all Money. by
Post Office Money Orders, Draft or Bank Check,
or Registered Letter, at our risK ; or give your
money to any Express Co. and order them to
purchase what you want from us, and return
Watches or Money to you immediately. This
will ensure Safety and Promptness. We will
forward any goods, over S10 worth, to you, no
matter where you are, by Express only, without
the money, and you can nay for them when you
receive them. Full Descriptive Catalogues
mailed free. ' , 1 .
Address all orders to the !
NORTON WATCH FACTOTtY, !
References: 1 86 Nassau St, New York.
Tin n ir Merchants and Newsnaocrs
of New York. : - 14 wly
STATE OF NORTH CAU6LINA, V
I v WAKE COUWTY. j ;
Superior Court, Fall Term, 1871. I
Mariah Harrison, ) O i "
vs. Divorce, j . ' !
Rufus Harrison, J j j I j
It appearing to the satisfaction of tho
Court, that the Defendant, Rrlfus Harrison,
is a non-resident of the State of North '
Carolina: It is ordered, therefore, by tho
Court, that publication- be made in Tho
Raleigh Era, weekly, for six weeks, sum
moning tho said Rufus Harrison to be and
appear at the office of the Clerk of the Su
perior Court, for the County of Wake, at the
Court House In Raleigh, on or before the -8th
Monday after the 2nd Monday in Febru
ary, 1872, and answer the complainta of the ,
pJaintiff, which is filed in the Clerk's office,
or judgment will be rendered against him,
according to said complaint, j r .
Witness, John N. Hunting, Clerk of our
said Court, at office, this tho 20th day of
October, A. D., 1871. , ' J. ' : S .
w8w. J. N. BUNTING, Clerk.
DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED
STATESW th9 District of North
Carolina. In Bankruptcy, - r. ' ' I
- To whom it may ooncebw, The under--signed
hereby gives notice of his appoint-;
ment as Assignee of -John Eramereon, of
Chatham county, and State of North Caro
lina, in said district, who has been adjudged
a voluntary bankrupt on his own petition,
bv tho District Court of said-District.
y B. I. HOWZE, Assignee;
P. O. Haywood, Chatham county, N. C. .
October 26, 187J. ; r i KMw8w,