North Carolina Newspapers

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Vol. 1.
I No. 38.
The National Republican Party.
No party that ever existed can show
a grander or prouder record than the
National Republican party. In great
deeds done, and their mighty influence
upon the destinies of the country and
of mankinttfit stands without a rival.
No party in ancient or modern times
has accomplished so much in so
brief a period. It arrested the schemes
t of the slavery "propagandists. It crush
ed the mightiest rebellion for rebel
lion it was according to the Northern
idea, whatever a large number of the
Southern people may have thought
of which history gives any account
It saved the Union and re-established
the government upon the only basis on
winch it can le perpetuated. It asser
ted the just sovereignty of the National
Government for the preservation of its
existence, and without which it must
have failed. And as a means to the
accomplishment of these great ends, it
abolished that greatest of all the curses
of this country, negro slavery. It set
four millions of human beings free,
striking from them and the country
the shackles of auman slavery forever.
And having liberated the African race
from the chains of bondage in which
they were held, it proceeded, in pursu
ance of true Republican principles, to
invest them with the rights of citizen
ship. It has engrafted upon the Con
stitution the true Republican princi
ples of impartial suffrage and equal
civil rights in the 15th amendment.
All this it has done in the brief space
of a dozen years, and the country gen
erally, with the exception of a few
Bourbons, seem ready to accept of its
work. Can the reader point to any
other party that has done so much in
so short a time, or at all ?
That the National Republican party
has committed no errors in the accom
plishment of the mighty work it has
had to do is not pretended. All the
parties that preceded it in this country
committed grave and serious blunders.
The old Federal party, the noblest, in
many respects, and the most intellectu
al that this country has ever seen, was
guilty of many errors of grave import.
The old Republican party, which gov
erned the country uninterruptedly for
twenty-four years with much ability
and success, was hot less free from er
ror than its great rival had been. And
the errors of the old Whig party, which
numbered among its members so many
of the ablest statesmen of the land, are
well known. Yet none of the great
parties named had half the difficulties
to encounter which beset the path of
the Republican party. The errors and
blunders of the Republican party of the
Nation, all thingsconsidered, have not
been of equal magnitude with those of
its predecessors, and nothing to com
pare with its present rival. It certain
ly did not err in asserting the rightful
sovereignty of the Central government
for the preservation of its existence.
The fact that it did assert that sover
eignty for the highest of all purposes,
must ever be regarded ' as its distin
guishing act and its crowning glory.
It only carried out the true principles
of the Constitution, as understood by
the framers of that instrument, and by
such later expounders of it as Marshall,
Webster, Jackson, Clay, Gaston, and
a whole host of others scarcely less dis
tinguished, j Brilliant, glorious and be
neficent as many of its other deeds have
been, they are but the consequences of
the first great act which saved the Un
ion that It might be made a Nation of
freemen with equal civil and political
If in the assertion of the national sov
reignty that of the States has some
times been encroached upon, -the fault
has not been with the principles of the
Republican party, but with the almost
insurmountable difficulties of the situa
tion. " The principles of the Republi
can party, properly construed and un
derstood, do not lead to a great consol
idated empire which ignores the just
rights of the States. They teach that
in the exercise of all the powers con
ferred by the Constitution, the General
Government is as so vereign as any gov
ernment In the world. But they also
teach that in the exercise of the powers
actually reserved to them for the pur
pases of local government, the States
are equally sovereign that both are
supreme within their proper spheres.
Such we understand to be the princi
ples of the great National Republican
party. With the cessation of violence
by secret organizations and conspiracies
at the South all interference by the Fed
eral Government will cease, and the
punishment of crime be left exclusively
to the local governments.
If corruption exists in the adminis
tration of the government under Re
publican rule, and it is admitted, the
Republican party has committed itself
to make the needed reforms in the civil
service. President Grant has, In more
than one of his messages, pledged
the party to this great measure. A
thorough and judicious reform of the
civil service, that honesty may bo re
stored in every branch of the adminis
tration, is one of the measures to which
the party is committed. The President
manifests a proper zeal in the work,
and with the exception of a few Sena
tors and Representatives In ; Oongrea
the whole party is with him. The Re
Publican party, then, is the party of
reform as well as nroOTpfis. and while
asserting the just sovereignty of the
General Government recognizes that of
the States also.
U. S. Senator.
Gen. M. W. Ransom was, on Tues
day, elected United States Senator to
fill the vacancy supposed to have been
made by the resignation of Gov.
Vance, receiving 101 votes against 18
scattering. Whether he will be ad
mitted to the seat depends altogether
upon the action of the Senate. Gen.
Abbott is a claimant, and his claim
must be disposed of before that of Gen.
Ransom will be considered. It may
be that some time will yet elapse befora
North Carolina will be fully represent
ed in the Senate. For this, the people
of the State have nobody to blame but
the Democratic party In the Legisla
ture. They could easily have elected
an eligible man from their own ranks
last Winter, but they failed to do so.
The West claimed the Senator, and
Gov. Vance was elected in deference to
that claim. But the West had an eli
gible candidate in the person of Judge
Merrimon, fully the equal of Gov.
Vance in every respect. To Judge
Merrimon no objection would have
been raised, both because his disabili
ties had been removed, and because of
his good Union record. And it was
this last fact, which should have been
one of his chief recommendations under
the circumstances, that is believed to
have caused his defeat then, as well as
now. And if Gen. Ransom had been
elected last winter all the probabilities
are that he would have been promptly
admitted. Now it is very uncertain,
even if Gen. Abbott's claims should be
ignored. The Senate may hold the
present election "void, on the ground
that the contest between Vance and
Abbott is still pending, and that no va
cancy had been declared at the time of
Gen. Ransom's election.
Another Depntj Governor.
In the Senate, on Monday last, Mr.
Robbins, of Rowan, 44 introduced a res
olution requiring the Keeper of the
Capitol to petition the United States
Government for the settlement of rents
on lands and buildings, used as a bar
racks near the city, belonging to the
Why was Patrick McGowan, the
Keeper of the Capitol, made the organ
of the State to effect a settlement ef a
claim against the United States Gov
ernment ? Is there no executive officer
of the State to whose hands the collec
tion of eight or ten thousand dollars
can be safely entrusted ? Is Major
Robbins afraid to trust Gov. Caldwell
with a matter of so much importance
to the State? Or does he think? that
the Governor is not the proper officer
of the State government to communi
cate with the United States Govern
ment in relation to a matter of that
kind ? Or is it because the executive
officers of the State all happen to be
Republicans? Was the Keeper of the
Capitol selected because he is a Demo
crat? Or was he selected . because of
his peculiar qualifications for the busi
ness in hand? Why the appointment
of another Deputy Governor or Treas
urer ? There must tfe some special rea
son for imposing the duty upon Mr.
McGowan. What can it be ? Will
Maj. Robbins inform the Senate when
the resolution comes up? Why was
he not also directed to transmit cer
tain resolutions of instruction to our
Senators and Representatives in Con
gress ? Is he not as capable of perform
ing one duty as the other ? Or is it to
be rewarded for his services to the
Democratic party? Or was it believed
that from his great diplomatic skill he
would be more likely to succeed in ob
taining the rents than any other man
that could have been selected ?
If Gov. Caldwell would renew his de
mand on the Governor of Florida for the
rendition of Littlefield, it might for a time
relieve the people ot his hateful presence.
When Got. Caldwell first demanded him,
Gov. Held refused upon the ground that the
papers were informal and irregular. The
papers were made regular, and then Reid
said Littlefield was indicted, and he should
hold him to answer the indictment. Gov.
Caldwell has made no recent effort to have
Littlefield brought to justice. Sentinel.
In reply to the above we insert the
following: v"
State of North Carolixa.
Raleigh, January 5, 1872.
Governor of the Slate of Florida,
Sib : I have heard a rumor to the effect
that upon another requisition from me
your Excellency will surrender M. S. lit
tlefield, who is now in the State of Florida,
and who now stands charged by indictment
in the Superior Courts of this State with
conspiracy and embezzlement of public
funds. t -
Will your Excellency be kind enough to
Inform me whether or not I have been cor
rectly informed in regard to what will be
your action in case another requisition shall
be made.
I have the honor to be,
Very respectfully, .
Your ob't servant, i
Tod R. Caldwell,
When will The Sentinel learn to do
Gov. Caldwell Justice?
The State Printin
The Joint Committee on Public Print-
ing made a contract withTMajor W. A
Ilea roe to do the State printing for the1
vear endincrFeb. 1st. 1873, at thefol
lowing rates, to-wit: j
For all plain .work sixty cents (GO) per
thousand quad ems.
For all rule and figure work, one: dollar
and twenty cents ($1.20) per thousand quad
ems.' ' . !
For all press work tiftv cents per tokeu
of two hundred and forty impressions
For one page letter sheet blank form, per
hundred, $1.50. I '
For two page letter sheet blank form, per
huudred $2.25.
For one page letter sheet circular form,
rer hundred 82.50. ' i
For letter heads per ream $2.00.
And all other department work at propor
tionately:low prices.
For stitching, binding , fcc, the same as
the last contract.
Mr. Theo. N. Ramsay, for The Senti
nel, proposed to do the printing at the
following rates, towit : j
For all composition sixty-five cents (65)
per thousand quad ems, including laws,
journals, documents, bills, resolutions and
all work; lor Heads of Departments.
For press work sixty-live cents (65) per
token of two hundred and forty impres
One page letter sheet circulars, per thou-l
sand $4 to $6.
Two pages letter sheet circulars, per 100,
$0 to $8.
Letter, Heads per ream, $4 to $6.
It will be seen at a glance that Maj.i
Hearne proposes to do the work a far
lower rate than The Sentinel, amount
ing in the course of the year to thou
sands of dollars. For instance, Maj4
Hearne's bid for Department work was
$i.oo lor wnat ine sentinel charges
from $4 to $6 $2.50 for what TheSenti
nel charges from $6 to $8 &c. The only
instance in which The Sentinel's charges
are lower than Major Hearne's is in
the price of the rule and figure work,1
which will make up to the State but an
insignificant part of the losses by the
other high charges of The Sentinel.
The Committee say that Majj Hearne
offers a satisfactory bond, and they
have no doubt he will perform the con-f
tract faithfully. Yet It seems probable
that the Legislature will overrule the
Committee's contract with Maji Hearne
and give the printing to Hie j Sentinel
at the rates stated above. Mr.! Turner
must be rewarded for his services to the
party, and The Sentinel must be run at
the expense of the State. Will the
good people of the State, who pay for
all this,,- submit to be thus imposed
upon ? J Vill the Legislature thus im
pose upon the tax payers of the State
Let them' try It?
The Apportionment Bill.
No more outrageous and unconstitu
tional bill was ever reported to a legist
lative body than that now pending for
the re-apportionment of the Senatorial
representation of this State, j Twenty
Districts with 23 Senators,have seventy-
five thousand more population than
twenty other Districts with 27 . Sena
tors. No regard is paid to contiguity
or compactness of territory,, when th6
Constitution requires that regard shall
be had thereto as far as may be. Coun
ties are grouped together in utter viola
tion of these constitutional rules, for
the sole purpose of enabling the Demo
crats to elect a much larger number of
Senators than their fair proportion, ae-
cordiner to the respective number, of
voters .in each party. Let the Demo
crats in the Legislature pass the bill if
they choose they have the power to do
The whole ' matter shall be full v
ine WnOie imUltr, Slum UC lUliy
ventilated before the people during the
campaign. The people will never sane-'
tion such outrageously, unjust and un
constitutional legislation for mere party
purposes, as the Democrats ! will find
out in Ausrust. We have heard one
Democratic Senator speak of the bill as
being not only outrageous, j but tnfet
mous.' And such will be the verdict of
all honest men. ' ;
Why don't they pass an act at once
declaring that not more than fifteen of
the fifty Senators to which the State is
entitled shall, in any event, be Repub
licans ? Such an act would not be more
unconstitutional, or more deserving of
condemnation than the one proposedy
and would answer their purposes much
The Apportionment Bill has pass
ed both Houses of. Congress, and only
awaits the signature of the President to
become a law. ; It is the original House
bill, with the additlon that States dis
franchising male citizens shall lose rep
resentation in proportion .' i
By the passage of this bill the State
of North Carolina gains a member, and
will be entitled to eight representatives
in the next Congress, instead of seven,
as at present.
Correction, in our last issue, in
the article on the meeting of the Alum
ni rt 1 a . TTrt vcraft-v tho txnruta frv nn
-J,7 ;;r' ' 7
great mortification, made us say thjit J
" among. par, worst distinguished citi-
zens for: seventy years have been the
graduates " from Wilmington. T ? We
.wrote It the" mdlstlngaished,
but tho accidental change of a single
letter gave it a very different meaning. I
i .
; The Editor must not be understood as endors
ing the sentiments of ' his correspondents.
Communications on all subjects are solicited.
which will be given to the readers of The Eka
as containing the views and sentiments of the
writers. ; '
j - For the Carolina Era,
, Three dollars on the poll and no pub
lic schools. What has become of the
school fund belongingtoMoorecounty?
The poll tax for 1869, in Moore county,
was $1.95; for 1870, it was $1.80; and
for 1871, it was $3.00 on each poll. Yet
there are some of the school districts
that have had no schools, and but very
few that have been taught in any of the
districts. Who is to blame ? It is re
ported that a good portion of the school
fund is being appropriated for county
purposes, and the scjioereommitteeare
resting easy and suffering the poor
children to be raised up in ignorance,
and the money which has been paid by
the hard working people for schools to
be used for other purpose. In the dis
trict in which we live there ha3 been
two colored schools taught, one for a
term of two months, the other for two
months and twelve days, and a school
for the wThite children of six weeks
only, and these are all thepublicschools
that have been taught in this district
since the war. A portion of the citi
zens of this district have secured the
services of a good teacher for a term of
five months at $100 and board. Said
teacher is a good Latin scholar, and is
amply qualified to meet all the require
ments of the school law. He has made
application to the committee to accept
him as a public school teacher, ana
they have declined to do it, upon the
ground that there was no money in tho
Treasury, which is the result of their
own negligence. The school law re
quires them to make an annual report
to the County Commissioners of an es
timate of the necessary expenses to
carry on a tour months school in eacn
district, which duty they have neglec
ted, or if they have done it the Com
missioners have failed to raise the
But we are anxious to know what
has become of the fund already raised
by taxation, If it has been appropria
ted to other purposes we want the
money refunded. We have a sufficient
number of small children in this neigh
borhood to keep up a regular school, and
we are willing to pay our proportiona
ble part of the school fund to carry on
a regular school. We call upon the Su
perintendent of Public Instruction to
have our grievances redressed. we
know of no other source. We appeal to
him in Dehali ot the poor children in
this county, which are many, to speed
ily look alter their interest and set an
things right. We would especially re
quest him to see how the county capi
tation tax of of this county has been
appropriated for the last three years.
Our school will continue, hoping that
justice will bedone us.
" 1A.X rAYERSi
Bethlehem Dist., Jan. 22,-1872.
For the Carolina Era,
For Attorney General A. S. Sey
mour, of CraTen.
Mr. Editor : I notice that Repub
licans are bringing forward the names
of gentlemen for the various offices to
be filled at our next State election, and
I beg to mention for the office of Attor
ney uenerai tnat true anatnea itepuo
lican, Augustus S. Seymour, of Cra
ven. Mr. Seymour is one of the ablest law
yers or eastern JNortn uaronna, ana
would reflect honor on the party many
position. . GAbVON".
The Republican Party and the
The Washington Republican, in an ar
ticle headed " How to Save the South,"
tells some very wholesome truths re
?gardirig the management of the Repub
lican party. Say what we may, there
has been entirely too much selfishness,
and too little care for the good of the
whole party. Men have assumed to
dictate the policy of the party, and
have managed thinsrs entirelv in their
own interests, or in that of a little close
corporation of friends. This policy has
1 UQ CnnnKl;n,.n nrmni7at nn -in
several States, and will, if persisted in,
break down any organization that was
ever effected. ;
! Politicians can manipulate politics to
a certain extent, out there are some
things that they cannot do, and one of
them is to run a party independent of
the press. Sooner or later, the influ-
and one by one, the graves of the selfish
politicians are dug and their epitaph
written by the press, which they, in
their brief hour of authority assumed to
' V ; XL!. - A.
despise. In speaking upon this point,
The liepuolican says :
1 The froth v shams of our party have float
ed away, and the brain and nerve of the par
ty or the union are now re-organizinjr for
victory. Around the brave men who have
stood up to breast the waves or opposition
we may count chiefly the poorly-paid but
useful members of the Southern Republi
can press. Most or tnese editors nave labor
ed, in season and at all times, to defend and
keep together the weaklings of our flock, es
pecially needing direction and instruction
in the South. Other men have captured the
offices, and too often, for personal ends, used
the patronage of the government, neglecting
the party press, especialiv when able or in
dependent. This complaint is but two well
proved in - North and South Carolina and
Alabarua, where greedy vultures have held
office, to the shame of the party and disgrace
of the government."
There is a deal of truth in the fore
going. Many a man can trace his great
ness back to the time i when some un
known and obscure paper first set him
up before the public.
The press is a power, and is bound to
command respect in all sections. Those
who now despise its influence may soon
er or later awake to their error. , We
have politicians who fight all their bat
tles over the ramparts of the press, and
At A. . . . r,.'
then. after the victory is won, take to
themselves the entire credit. The fat
places and the positions of honor areall
gobbled up by the avaricious, grasping
?fflHer k"e th? P33 is elt to
Mln TSi lilSbtodll
many months.- Columbia (A G) Union,
Mccing of Delegates'
From the Different Agricultural Societies
f of the State of North Carolina.
Raleigh, N. C, Jan. 26, 1872.
Pursuant to a call from the Hon.
Kemp. P. Battle, a conference meeting
of delegates from the State, the Cape
Fear, the Roanoke and Tar River, the
Charlotte, the Salisbury, the Goldsbo
ro the Cumberland and the Statesville
Fairs, wa3 held in this city to-day, for
the purpose of considering various
measures promotive of the interests of
the Fairs of the State.
On motion, Major J. A.! Engelhard,
of Wilmington, was called to the Chair,
and Jordan Stone, of Wei don, request
ed to act as Secretary.
The Hon. Kemp 1 Battle explained
the objects of the meeting to bringabout
some unity of action with the different
State Societies m the general manage
ment and conduct of Fairs and to ad
vance the general good of tho farminj
The question of arranging the time of
holding the different lairs in the ttate
was discussed at much length, witn a
view.oi bringing about, if possible, the
Fairs in resrular rotation, in order that
articles for exhibition may pass from
one to the other. ;
On motion of Mr. Battle, it was - sug
gested that the different Societies in the
State holdimr Fairs, and those that may
hereafter be formed, be requested to ar
range the time of holding: the Fairs to
the best advantage for the interest of
the fairs throughout the State, consult
ing at the same time their respective
interests it being found impracticable
to recommend change of time.
Maj. Evans, of Fayetteville, moved
that a committee of five be appointed
for the purpose of consulting with the
officers of the different railroads, with a
view of effecting the best j possible ar
rangement Of transportation of all arti
cles to and from all the Fairs of the
State, and thus guarding; against the
many evils that these Fairs have hith
erto had to contend with ifor want of
concert of action. Adopted.
Cant. S.'B. Alexander. Hon. Kemp
P. Battle, Jardan Stone, Esq., Major J.
A: Engelhard and Col. L. W. Hum
phrey were appointed said committee.
Mr. Battle thouerht there shouia oe
some unanimity of action in the man
agement of gate fees, and moved that,
in ine opinion oi ims meeting, it , is
thought oxpedient that the system of
family tickets and badges should be
abolished, and individual tickets sub
stituted. Adopted.
The awarding of plate premiums, and
Other premiums of a similar character,
rather than money, was thought to be
the best plan to promote the end de
sired, and on motion of Major Evans,
it was recommended to the different
societies that agricultural papers and
agricultural implements be awarded
instead of plate, as far as possible.
Mr. Litchford suggested that it be
recommended to the different societies
to require all premiums to be called for
within sixty days alter they have been
! Mr. Battle moved that the meetii
recommend to the State Societiee, that
they hereafter make greater discrimi
nation in favor of horses owned in the
State or district of their respective So
cieties. Adopted.
i Major Evans moved that the Com
mittee already appointed on transpor
tation advertise in sufficient time,
throughout the North, the time and
arrangements of holding all the Fairs
in the State, in order to induce North
ern manufacturers to send their ma
chinery here for exhibition, the differ
ent Societies to pay the cost of the
same. Adopted. i
! Mr. Litehlord moved tnat the differ
ent Agricultural Societies and Clubs in
the State be requested to' send to the
State Society at Raleigh the list of of
ficers and the time of holding the Fairs
and meetings of the same, :in order that
they may be published. Adopted.
1 On motion of Col. M. L. Wriston, the
different Societies were requested to
publish, in all their respective publica
tions, the I time of holding the State
Fair. K
! On motion of Major Evans, it was re
commended that each Society send one
special delegate to the Fair preceding
and contiguous to its ownj whose busi
ness it would be to give all necessary
information concerning his own fair
and solicit for the same, believing that
such an arrangement would be produc
tive of good to the Societies and con
venience to the many who send articles
to the different Fairs. !
Many other subjects of interest were
discussed during the meeting, which
was of a most harmonious! character.
On motion, all the papers in the
State friendly to the cause of Agricul
tural Societies were requested to pub
lish the proceedings of the meeting.
Jordan Stone, Sec'y. !
Individuals without brains to think
or hearts to feel for the woe of others
may disclaim against thd legal-tender
decision, and demand that we return to
a specie basi3 immediately, but let us
for a moment consider the effects of a
dictum that all contracts or debts should
be payable in coin. The whole country
would be paralyzed, and the local
courts filled with creditors claiming
gold for all obligations.
The indebt-
edness of the people, amounting to ten
thousand millions, would
ten per cent., and. all;
brought to a standstill.
be increased
business be
This is what
the opposition desired : and if President
Grant is defeated.' the suspensions of
1837 and 1857 will be repeated on a larg
er scale. Washington Republican.
Insanity in Crime.- judge Nichol
son, of Tennessee, has delivered a very
sensible charge bearing upon the favor
ite plea of insanity in murder cases :
"The law presumes a man to be sane
until the contrary is proved ; the evi
dence of the insanity of defendant must
be as clear and satisfactory to overturn
the presumption of the the law in favor
of sanity as it is required; to overturn
that in favor of innocence! : -!
The proof of Insanity, to convict, should
be as clear as that of murder .to con
vict." ' r: ' "V":-
'.., . ; .j. -- ,: t -., -j '-
" The most bashful girl we ever heard
of was the young lady who blushed
when she was asked if she had hot been
courting sleep. 3 - n
The President and the Poll ti -
The sagacity and patriotism of the
President have never received a more
decided exemplification than was
evinced by his reply on Thursday to a
delegation ot Republicans from ArKaiv
sas, who had called to see him in rela
tion, .among other things, to certain
Federal appointments in that State.-
Tim ollorrof irn -oa maflft Ywr vicif-
ors that the Executive had been de
ceived in regard to those appointments.
and the remark made by the President
in that connection was at once terse
and admirable: it was that he had
made the appointments beeause of rep
resentations on file : that he had no
personal feeling in the matter, and
that the question was before the Con
gressional committee, where he hoped
and believed the. subject would be most
thoroughly investigated.
: It has been alleged by the Democratic
press and by certain Republican papers
that since his Inauguration the Presi
dent has sought to impose upon the
people officials who had been appointed
because of their attachment to him
rather than ; from any fitness they pos
sessed, and that in many instances it
has been . his object to give places to
men in utter disregard of the popular
feeling in the localities where they were
to officiate. We have always main
tained the falsity of these charges, and
there can be no more certain refuta
tion of their truth, no more palpable
evidence of the President's feelings in
the premises, than- is contained in the
reply to the Arkansas delegation which
we have quoted.
The multifarious duties of the Presi-
dential position necessarily preclude
the possibility of a personal lnvestiga-
tion by its occupant of the qualifica
tions of those whom he is asked to ap
point. Equally impracticable is it for
the President to ascertain to his person
al satisfaction the feelings ofcommuni-
ties or States on those aspirants for
place in their midst. These are topics
that must of necessity bo investigated
oytne committees to wnicn are rerer-
red these nominations. Upon the Ex-
ecutive devolves the duty of naming
those to fill positions, and he is indue-
ea to sucn action Dy reason oi represen
. , a ,!.-. '
tations made to him.
If, as oiten happens, an opposition is
made to these selections, it is in the
nature of things futile to expect that
the Chief Magistrate should thorough
ly examine both sides of the question.
The very reference of these nomina
tions to the appropriate committees as
sumes the most elaborate examination
in those bodies of the j arguments that
have been employed respectively to
show the fitness or the impropriety of
tneir connrmation, me irresiaent is
at any time liable to be deceived by
politicians eager for personal power,
and the history of American politics
proves very conclusively that it some
times happens these politicians have
the honorable positions of Senators of
the republic.
Senators and gentlemen are always
3 i "1 J.1 A i. 1 1 A 1 '
supposeu 10 speaK. uie iruui, oui in
these days the former position is occa
sionally acquired by practices that not
unirequently cause the attributes of the
latfer. to be disregarded. When, there
fore, the Executive is I imposed upon,
the truth or falsity of all statements
made to control his action can best be
decided by the Senatorial committees
to which is delegated ! the power and
the duty thoroughly, impartially and
fairly to scrutinize the same.
The noble disclaimer made by the
President that he has "any personal
feeling" in the confirmation of appoint
ments whose propriety or popularity is
contested is indubitable evidence of
his thorough appreciation of republican
institutions ond his hearty desire to
fulfill the delicate and responsible du
ties of his exalted position. Washing-
ing Republican.. : .
In referring to the word "gerryman
der" a few days ago, we stated that it
took its name for Elbridge Gerry, who
was Governor of Massachusetts. The
Republican doubted it, and attributed
it to Mn Gerry Mander, or Manter, a
member of the Ohio Legislature 1840,
who introduced a party bill for the re-
districting of the State, j The Cincinnati
Gazette : takes up the question, and sid
ing with The Democrat, quotes Hildreth,
who, writing of Massachusetts pontics
in 1812, says: . ; j .
"Tho Democrats had, indeed, at
tempted to perpetuate their power by
a new arrangement oi the fcenatonai
districts, contiguity and compactness
having been entirely sacrificed in the
attempt to secure to a minority of the
whole number of votes the choice of a
majority of the Senators. This gerry
mandering process, a the Federalists
called it and the word still maintains
its place in the American vocabulary
gave occasion to loud complaints."
The introduction off 'mander," which
The Republican cannot understand, is
explained by a correspondent, a rela
tive of old Governor Elbridge, not El
dridge, as fallows: ; i -
, "The origin of mandering is reached
in two ways. Webster says "mander"
i3 but a short method . of spelling
"maunder." It therefore means to
mutter or wander in talking. And as
the outlines of the new districts con
formed to no rules or plains; but "wan
dered" anywhere for the sake of politi
cal capital, the districts became as in
coherent in contour,'! In respect to for
mer regularity, as mandering talk is to
rational speech. The other derivation
is from "Mreander," the famous Phry
gian river, the crookedest Irt the World.
From this all obliquities have received
the name of "meanders." .So the "Gerry-meandering,"
or that crooked dis
tricting under his administration, by
rapid pronunciation lost the "e" and
became gerrymandering." ; -1
t Either . of these explanations will
meet the case, although the latter is
very evidently, the true one. Missouri
Democrat."-. ;V"' ' ,
! A celebrated French preacher, in a
sermon apon the duty of wives, said, "I
see in this congregation a woman who
has been guilty of disobedience to her
husband, and m order to point her out
I will fling my breviary at her head."
He lifted his book, and every female
head instantly ducked i . f r.yA
j An Act to Prcrent (he Reckless
Eilling of Deer,
Section 1. The General Asseinlly of
North Carolina do enact: That if any
person shall hunt for with gun, Or chase
with a dog, or shall kill or destroy any
deer running wild in tht woods between
the 15th day of January and tho 1st day
of September thereafter ensuing, unless
in an inclosure surrounded by a suffi
cient fence, at least five feet high, and
where such person shall have a ! lawful
right so to do, the person so j offending
shall pay a penalty of $5 for i each and
every offence to any person or persons
suing for the saihe, one half for his use
and the other for the use of the public '
school or schools of the school district
or districts wherein the offence is com
mitted, and the offender shall be
deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, ' and
on conviction shall pay a lino 'of not -less
than ten dollars, or be imptisoned
or both at the discretion of the court.
Sec. 2. In the event that no one has
brought a prior suit and prosecuted the
same in good faith for the penalty pre
scribed in the preceding section, It
shall be the duty of the school commit
tee of any township where the said of
fence shall be committed to sue for the .
same and the whole of their recovery
shall be to themselves for the use of
their school district. And it shall fur
ther be their duty to cause any person
so offending to be prosecuted by in
dictment for such offence, i
Sec. 3. That the provisions of this .
act shall not apply to the counties of
Johnston and all other counties east of
tne Wilmington fc Weldon Railroad
or through which the W. & W. R. R.
passes, nor to the counties of Maaison,
aucey imoeriana, narnett, uoium-
uu Auau""u "a,iu"
Sec. 4. This act shall be in force from
and ftffpr its rati funtion. ! L
Ratified Jan. 26, 1872.
- Presidential Pardons Held to
be Good by the Supreme Court op
u. S. A question of great importance
to southern claimants was decided by.
the United States Supremo Court to-day
against what is known as the Drake
amendment (adopted by Congress three
vpa ncrn whifh nrnvhlps that evl-
I nii "-- tr -
dence of amnesty and pardon shall not
be produced in the Court of Claims to
prove loyalty, unless the recipient at
thetime he received it protested against
the implication of previous disloyalty
contained in the document. The Court
holds that the President has full power
to grant amnesty and pardon, i- Under
the poclamation of President Lincoln.
pardon and amnesty was granted on
certain conditions, with a restoration
of all property except slaves. I which
pardon and amnesty cannot be invali-
dated by the legislation of Congress.
The object of the amendment was to
destroy the effect of President John
son's pardons. Bait. Sun. 1
Mexico is not only upon the verge of
another revolution, but one which it
appears will prove successful. The
fortunes of war are against I Benito
Juarez, and the days of his presidency
are about told. The rebels, under com
mand of Trevino and ! Quiroga, have
been everywhere successful, while the
redoubtable Escobedohasdeclaredhim
self in favor of Lereda the most prom
inent candidate for the) presidency to
succeed Juarez. The republic of Mexi
co has been a bitter mockery, and there
seem but two alternatives for jthe op
pressed people-neither; annexation to
the United States or the resolution of
the government again into a mon
archy. Perhaps Maximilian would
have proven their best ruler, after an:
certainly since his death Mexico has
not had a better Liouisville courier-
Journal. . i i J -
Church of Strangers ItEVi C. f
DEEMS.--Of this Church and its distinguish
ed Pastor, The N. Y. Herald say.s : I
Tho Church of tho Strangers, in Mercer
street, near Eighth street, is a standing re
buke to those ministers and congregations
who are only too ready and anxioas to sell
out their church edifices to some brewer,
stable keeper or gambler, and hie them
selves away up town, where they expect to
secure the suppot bf the wealthy and fash
ionables When, a couple ol years ago, a
Presbyterian congregation vacated the
Mercer street church, the great Kail road
King, at the instance of the Uev. Dr. Deem?,
purchased the building and site and handed
ft over to be used, as it had been for many
years, as a temple or uivine worship., The
wisdom of this action, and the necessity for
such a church in such a place, ha-j been too
apparent ever Rim in tho large Congrega
tions that gather there every. Sabbath day
to need any further demonstration. Dr.
Charles P. Deems is well known here and
elsewhere as one of the most1 popular
preachers in the Church in this land. He
can hardly be said at present to belong to
any Christian denomination. Ills views
are too broad and liberal to bo confined
within sectarian garments. lie is. however.
virtually and practically a Methodist, lie
fore tho separation of this body.: in 1844,
into the Northern and Southern I churches
Dr.! Deems belonged to tho united. Churth.
Hut he joined his to tho South, land still
holds a quasi connection with that branch
of American Methodism, and his Chun li
of the Strangers is really, though hot osten
sibly, a church for Southern MethodUU
and others who may bo sojourning in' Now
York. With the practicability, for which
the Doctor is known he has organized a.
Society of Sisters of the Stranger, whose ob
ject is to look after the wants of ipoor and
needy strangers, or whom our city has al
ways a fair supply. As a preacher Dr.
Deems is by many considered the superior
of the most popular Evangelical ministers
in tftis city or vicinity, and an enterprising
publisher lias undertaken, at his pwn risk,
to reproduce the Doctor's weekly sermons
in pamphlet form for general reading, and,
we ueneve, is so iar sausiiea with his suc
cess. The Doctor and his church are doing
a noble work in their way., and among . u
class heretofore greatly neglected J ' ! " "
A Kentucky editor tells this with a
sober 'face:'- r-'! - Jf-rV
' " The wild pigeons have a roost at
Calloway J it embraces an erea : of four
miles long by three wide, i The reports .
we have of the- number- of pigeons to
be found there of a night is incredible.
The hunters go there and shoot indis
criminately in the dark, then with a;
lantern they follow the range of the
gun and gather iip the dead and wound
ed pigeons. Fifteen to twenty-five at a
shot is usual. It is said on good au-'
thofity that Mr. John McElrath, of
Murray, killed one hundred and twen-
ty-iour pigeons at a shot."

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