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if lief "filtt wlhmjra.
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r RALEIGH, N..C, THURSDAY, MARCH 7, 1872,
In justice to the administration at
Washington, as well as to our members
,f Congress, who sustain the adminis
tration, and arc usually consulted re
curding many of the appointments ia
t his State, we lay be fore our readers the
names of citizens who differ with Mr.
Helper in his estimate of the fitnes of
the appointment of Mr. Long, as special
mail agent. It will be seen that many
of the best men in the State joined in
the recommendation and gave their
endorsement to Mr. Long. We are in
formed that no one else was recommen
ded for the place. It will thus be seen,
how little justification there is for the
very bitter and reckless attack of Mr.
Helper, in his letter recently published
in Ihc Sent hie!. J
The following persons recommended
Thomas 11. Long for route agent on the
W. &N.C. It.lt: !
I) Ij Brittle (Chairman Hep. Kx. Com.),
!V Hencini. S If Wiley, W V Henderaon, I
W Jone, V II Uailer, Luke Black mer,
.Iiu.N Henderson, W ll Ilowcrton, Gov. T
II Caldwell, A II Joyce, C S Moring, C L.
Harris, James K Kerr, TO Haujchton.Oba
The following persons recommended
Thomas B. Long for Special Mail Agent
for North Carolina to Senator Pool, and
ha recommended him to the Depart
L Branson, Minister; L. S Uurkhead,
late pastor or the church at Salisbury'; Hon.
o II Dockery, IZx-memlKjr of Consrress;
IIon.JM Cloud, JUUtre superior wun,
lfon. WHrooks, U S District Jtnlpo; Hon.
Supervisor Internal ltevenue; S II Wiley,
lato Collector Int. Kev. for Gth District; Dr.
J J Mott, Collector Int. Rev. for Gth District;
U n Broad field, Register in Bankruptcy;
Chaa. A Frazier, Post master at Charlotte;
Thomas D MCAipme, v
Havuc, ; t; Mc-
C'ary, J II Jones, I) C Pearson, J TSchenck,
i: H Bissell, Jame3 II Foote, J J Lonsr, J J
I'arcell, U S Morinsr, W II Ellis, J M Jus
tice W 8 Pearson, J C Andrews, and Sam
mi McD. Tate, President W ANCRR.
Section Kjven of an act concerning
niA.tinnj in tho vc:ir 1S72. is as fol-
( u v. w .... - . - - .7 - '
No doctor shall le entitled t register or
vote in any other precinct or townsliip than
the one iii Avhkh he is an actual and bona
fide resident on the day of election, and no
.ertificatc of registration sh:dl be given."
This section is unconstitutional., It
is an abridgement of tho rights of the
citizen. It is an attempt to gain party
advantage by a violation of the Consti
tution of the State. It is a blow at the
colored man. The party which enacted
the law of which the above is a section,
claims to be par excellence the party
uCconstitutional liberty. A more fla
grant violation of the organic law is
Section one, article six of the consti
tution is as follows:
Every male person bom in the United
State, and everv male person who has been
naturalized, twenty-one years ,old, or up
ward, who shall hav resided in this State
twelve months next preceding the election,
and thirtv davs in the ceunty in which he
otters, to vote, shall be deemed an elector.
What authority is there in this
section that gives the Legislature the
right to prohibit any person Mho has
resided in the State twelve months
next preceding the election, and thirty
days in the county, froni voting at any
township in the county? None. The
legislature was pleased to outrageously
violate a plain and unmistakable pro
vision of the Constitution. Democratic
menilicrs violated their oaths com
mitted perjury when they enacted
that no elector shall register or vote
In Jany township other than one in
which he is a bona fide resident on the
day of election.
Democrats profess a morbid desire
to return to the customs of other days.
Before the adoption of the present
Constitution an elector was allowed to
vote anywhere in the county in which
he resid'ed. There was no restriction
of the right of suffrage, in those days.
It was reserved for the late legisla
ture, the offspring of murder, intimi
dation, and outrage, to violate with
impunity, that Instrument which,
nhnvAAll others, the Democrats pro
fess to reverence, obey, and uphold?
scnch violation of the fundamental law
is a disgraceful commentary upon the
orunfthe defunct Legislature, it is
nv;.i.nrP conclusive, that Democrats
or.,1 icn Klux are capable of commit
ting outrageous and unwarrantable
violations of the Constitution, under
the form of law, for the purpose of po
ll til advantage! The liberties ot me
people are not to be trusted to a party
whose representatives nave no reguru
for constitutional provisions as plain
as the noon-day sun.
Thia nttemnt to disfranchise col
ored voters, is in keeping with the
principles and objects of the Ku Klux
Democracy. It is carrying cut prin
ciples which are openly avowed in the
Dens if not on the stump. . The people
so understand it. They will remem
ber at tho ballot box, the party which
lias attempted to restrict the right to
vote. The people are the .sovereigns
of this country. Their voice vill be
heard in condemnation of a restriction
of their rights and privileges by the
. start-ups" who composed the majori
ty of the lato Legislature.
Democratic name far Ku Kluxing
A species of wild justice."
r if rvmrmn. Judie Huoerior Court;
J i Ramsev. Ex-member Con fed. Conx
t'n s T Piirrow. U S Marshal : r I
In looking over the act apportioning
members of the House of Representa
tives of our State Legislature, we were
surprised to , find that the act makes
provision for one hundred and nineteen
members of the House of Representa
tives. The Constitutioa expressly pro
vides that the House of Representa
tives shall consist of one 'hundred and
ticenty members. The county of Person
is not mentioned in the bill. If is not
within the power of the General As
sembly, negatively speaking, to de
prive any county of tho right to (be rep
resented in the Legislature. The fail
ure to provide that Person county shall
elect one member to the House of Itep
resentativcs,amoums to nothing oward
lessenjiig tho number of Representa
tives, and to deprive that county of
forming the one hundred and twentieth
part of the House. One member will
be elected from Person as though the
provision had been made in thejappor
tionment act. The idea that a legisla
ture of so much ability (?) and foresight
should have made a blunder sof this
kind, is preposterous! That aj Legis
lature which acted as though it could
do no wrong, should beget offspring of
Riirh hideous deformity as the act un
der consideration, is ridiculous !
Like many others, this act is i
tion of the Constitution. The
sentatives of all the talent, wealj
respectability, so far neglected" their
duties, that they passed bills contrary
to their oaths as Legislators, without
knoicinn in ignorance of thefac
thev were violating and
naught, their official oaths. It
Riirnrisincr that the consciences
Democratic members of tho Legislature
failed to warn their possessors tlat per
beinr committed; The
wrenching of the consciences
Democratic member who
Legislative address upon the Conven
tion question, was so great, that insig
nificant violations of the organic law,
elf nj wo nre mllinfr attention! to. is
nnwnrlliv of the notice f men who
' - " C5 1
have repeatedly without the slightest
cause violated the plainest provisions
of the Constitution.
This blunder is of service. It shows
among other things, that the Legisla
ture was careless and unmindful of its
duties. It prevents Ku Kluk and
Democrats from talking of 'the blun
ders of other Legislatures. Probably,
there never was a blunder of
this character committed before in
the historv of the State. It is possible
that it was intended. Mr. Henry T.
Jordan, defunct representative from
Person county, is so full of fight that
he declared in his seat that he would as
soon take another tilt with the Ration
al government as not. Believipg that
iio .nMr nf the countrv would be
jeopardized should Mr. Jordan he again
eiectea to ine juegisiuiun., m-5 iunvai
friends concluded to leave hiirj out in
the cold. Poor Henry ! you have our
Mr. Jordan is a fair representative of
his party. He penly avows his hostil
ity to the National government: He
docs not stab in the dark as many of
his rarty friends have donej That
such a man should not have a voice in
public affairs is detrimental to, the in
terests of the Republican partj. We
desire to retain Mr. Jordan i public
life. He is invaluable to his political
foes. Relieving that ho will obey the
unconstitutional law which he aided to
pass by his vote, we suggest that the
Ku Klux and Democrats of the Fifth
Congressional district cannot secure a
representative more in harmony with
the prevailing sentiment of hostility to
the National government, than Mr.
Jordan. He would occupy five min
utesno more, no less in abriejr speech
informing the Congress of his hostility
tothe American Union. Such informa
tion would please the Ku Klux who
would vote for Mr. Jordan, wih great
pleasure. The Secretary of Y ar would
no doubt increase the army atid navy
fifty per cent, after such a war-1
For ways that are dark aiu
which have proved vain, the
Legislature was peculiar.
The letter of Judge Davis accepting
the nomination for the Presidency at
the hands of the National Labor Con
vention is as follows: j
Washington, I. C. Feb. 22.
E." M. Chamberlain, President yationat La'
bor Reform Convention : j
lie nlcased to thank the convention-for
the unexpected honor which they iave con-
the Republic should neither be sooght nor
. . . . . I
clecnnei oy an American cmzen. j
The Kaglcs we mean The jjltyette
ville and Hickory Tavern Kvgles are
oftor th TnteKii Tvlnx Lerrislntiiro. We
! presume these Eagles are obeying di
vine injunction. The iHDie says :
' For wheresoever the carcass is, thero will
the eagles be gathered together.".
There is no doubt. about the( carcass.
Read the article in to-day's paper from
The Fayelteville Eagle, arid you will
come to a conclusion in accordance
with the ScriDture which we have
rht it would
come before longv
The Wilmington Star winces at "the
term Ku Klux Democracy. ; The idea
that Democracy is no way allied to Ku
Klux, is preposterous,and not to be be-
lieved. The terms are synonymous.
To designate properly and truthfully
the opposition party, neither word can
be dropped. To denominate, intelli
gently the followers of Frank. P. Blair,
Wni. M. Tweed, and Tlie Raleigh Sen
tinelf tho cognomen Ku Klux Democ
racy no more, no. less must be used.
We know it grates harshly, upon the
ears of sympathizing Ku Klux journals,
but we are compelled to use it upon a
great many occasions. The name is
exceedingly odious and is becoming
more so as the dced3 of the Klan tire
exposed and Its villanies brought to
light. The future historian will record
the name along side of the Spanish In
quisition. Future generations will dis
card the name of his Satanic majesty,
and substitute that of Ku Klux, as a
name which combines and denotes all
that was ever ascribed to the Devil.
It Is not to be expected that the op
position will tamely submit to be chris
tened Ku Klux Democracy.
"No rogue ever felt the halter draw,
"With good opinion of the law."
Tlie party which has the honor of orig
inating the Ku Klux Klan, shall not
Idse sight of an achievment so popular
in Democratic circles. Until the Dem
ocratic party shall cease to be known
among men, the term Ku Klux shall
be prefixed to it. as an evidence of its
murders, burglaries, arcons, whippings, i
and outrages of every conceivable char
acter. Tlie Star and other Democratic
papers may wince at the name; they
give evidence against themselves when
they do so. So far as we are concerned,
the "galled gades will have to wince."
We haven't asked quarters and shall
give none in the fight upon which we
entered. We have burnt our ships be
hind us. Defeat has not occurred to us
as probable. If a truthful exposition
of the villanies of the Ku Klux Democ
racy, will be of any service to the peo
ple in making up their verdict this
Summer and Fall, they shall have it to
their heart's content. In our judgment,
the peace of the Republic turns upon
the defeat of the ku klux Democracy.
Fighting under the banner of him who
said "Let us have peace," we hope t
assist in preserving peace. An issue
was never more clearly made up. It
is a simp'e fight between the enemies
of good fc'overnment, law and order on
one hand, and the friends of the gov
ernment on the other. The success of
the ku klux Democracy is the success
of the enemy.
The Wilmington Jbwrwa? endeavors to
parry the outrages of its party allies
the Ku Klux by stating that Lowrcy
and his gang are Republicans; that
their victims have, in every instance,
been Democrats. The Journal doubt
less states the truth. We know noth
ing to the contrary. When we said
"that it had not been charged by any
of the North Carolina newspapers, even
those who uphold and defend the Ku
Klux, that the outlaws belong to either
pq.rty, or that their victims are con
fined to one party," we based our state
ment upon information received from
Senator R. M. Norment, of Robeson
county. We repeatedly asked that
gentleman if there was anything polit
ical connected with the Robeson out
laws. Ho said Lowrey and his gang
were outlaws in the full sense f the
term. That they would murder any
person who interfered with them, with
out regard to political faith. This
statement we believe to be in accord
ance with truth. Whatever may be
the politics1 of the banditti,, they are
the enemies of mankind. Their hands
are raised against any and all men who
interfere with their plunders or who
make efforts to effect their capture.
Ihe Journal is sparing of the truth
when it states that " nothing looking
to their capture has been done by Gov.
Caldwell or President Grant." This
gratuitous misrepresentation of both
officials, for party purposes and to draw
attention from the villanies of Demo
cratic Ku ;Klux, is so patent, the puh
lid1 will not fail to discover that The
Journal has not stated facts as they are.
The murders of Lowery have not
been apologized for by the Republican
Press or by Republican speakers! The
jury 'which convicted Oxendine has
not been charged with being packed
for the purpose of conviction. Oxen-
dine has not been held, up as a martyr
j There is no simiIarityM)etween Demo
. f . m
cratic Ku! Klux and Lowery, save the
crimes thev have committed. The ef-
fort of The Journal te screen its party
from the indignation of an. outraged
people, by Holding Lowery and 'his
band up to public gaze as murderers in
the interest of the Republican party,
was to have been expected. The peo
ple are not to be deceived. The history
of Ku Kluxism and Lowery ism' is too
well understood in this State for such
outrageous deception to succeed. .
Mr. Hanes has returned to the city,
und will take charge of the paper again
after this Issue. j '
IPs out at last. We thou
J The State printing is far from being
correct. The proof does not, in many
instances, seem j'2xave been read. 'In
line fivesection-two, of an act tojaise
revenue, ratified 24thf January, 1S72,
the 3 wordsi " eighty-four cents " are
found. . In line tviA section two, of an
act supplemental tofiui act to raise rev- j
enue, ratified 3th 'February, 1872, -the
words " one dolbartid five cents " are
found. These .'words, should have been
printed in the revenue act instead of
the words . eighty-four cents." The
supplemental act strikes out " one dol
lar and five Ceifts," and Inserts " nine
ty-live ccnia.K making the State poll
tax ninety-five cents," instead
eighty-four cents " as
printed m .the
Such a mistake as this is inexcusable.
Nothing but gross neglect of duty could
produce such blunders. This mistake
is calculated to deceive and do mischief.
We call attention that the law as it is
may bo understood, and that the peo
ple may understand how capable the
State printer is to execute the State
work. Such outrageous printing was
never known to the craft in this State
until ku klux were employed to do the
State printing. The June volume of
the Supreme Court Reports are a dis
grace to the State. The remainder of
the printing will doubtless be of a sim
ilar character. .
We are informed that the Dens have
decided to meet in Greensboro' on
Wednesday, the first day of Maj for
the purpose of nominating a Ku Klux
ticket. The proposition heretofore
agreed upon to meet inside the peni
tentiary enclosure. at Albany, New
York, was reconsidered, in consequence
of the Ku Klux, who are at present re
siding in that institution, having ap
pointed proxies to represent them at
Greensboro'. Tweed and Company re
gret this reconsideration very- much.
The session of the Grand Den would
have been exceedingly harmonious. The
rogues and the murderers would have
shook hands, eat at the same table,
slept in the same bed. New plans
would have been concocted for the rob
bery of the State and National Gov
ernments, and the murder of inoffen
sivo and innocent Republicans. De7
siring to perpetuate the good name of
our State, we . would have been glad
that these plans should not have been
made within the limits ef tho State.
Attention Is directed lo the evidence
published in to-day's paper, concerning
the starvation of the" convicts confined
ed in the penitentiary. The infamy
and barbarism of the Ku Klux De
mocracy is plainly and unmistakably
set forth by Summey, Edmundson and
Paine.' These men are convicts. Their
evidence is sustained by other respect
able and truthful men, which will be
given to the public in due time. We
thought the starvation of Union pris
oners at Andersonvillo was a sickening
horror, never to be repeated. Wirz
was executed on the gallows but, Dem
ocratic directors and advocates of the
black Jlag during the rebellion, have
been pleased to place their names on
the roll of fame beside that of Wirz of
Andersonvillo notoriety. Ku Klux
endorse Wirz. The late Democratic
Legislature officially endorsed tho pen
itentiary directors by continuing them
The Diplomatic Appropriation bill
which passed the House of Represen
tatives on -Friday, the 23rd of last
month, provides that Russia shall be
placed among our first class missions.
The salary of our minister is raised to
$17,500. Heretofore, our first class mis
sions were England and France. The
late war between Prussia and France
so enlarged the government of the for
mer to that of the German Empire, that
our mission to Berlin was advanced to.
first class. . Russia, the greatest power
of Europe, is now made a first class
The great progress of Russia in civil
ization, emancipation, general enlight
enment and liberal ideas, her valuable
friendship for the United States when
England and France were against us
during tho rebellion, are sufiioient rea
sons for this act of friendshsp.
Delegates to the State Convention
should be in this city on Tuesday, the
ICth of April. A caucus of the dele
gates should be held on Tuesday even
ing before the assembling of tho Con
vention Wednesday. A general inter
change of views would expedite busi
ness, and add much to the harmony of
the proceedings. We hope to see ev
ery county represented in person t and
every delegate in this city on Tues
day the 16th of April. There, are
ninety-two counties in the State. These
counties should send one thousand dele
gates to . the Convention. Wre must
have the largest number of delegate
that evo r assembled in Convention;
Keep the ball rolling.
Apfoijjtmkxts. The Kew Bern Times
says at the meeting of the Directors of the
A. & N. C. It. R., on tlie 23d inst., Mr. Jo4
seph. Nelson was elected Agent at Xew
Bern, rice Mr. Sydney Tuttle, resigned, and
My Cyrus Strickland Agent, and Mr. Na
than Stanlr Assistant Agent at Kinston.
the Ru Klax Bcniot
racy! DEMOCRATIC ATTACK ON THE
LEGISLATURE! i ' , ,
' SAVE 2IE FP.0H KY FP.IENDS ! ! !"
The Legislature adjourned sine die
last Monday. The same body will meet
no more; for a new Legislature is to be
elected next August, and the present
Governor will not be likely to call an
extra session before August.
The taxes are left some lighter than
heretofore, and no arrangement made
to pay interest on the State debt. In
deed tfcere is no settlement nor praeti-
cal disposition of the State debt, old or j
1 Tt laKf ia etill not. S IflnW nftr
. - XJtte ftsset jot property ui uib oiaw ;
are not even ascertained, and the re-1
sources and capacity of the State for
tax and revenue are not defined. The
frauds heretofore in taxation and in
managing public money and issuing j
State bonds have not been exposed nor
corrected, nor have the incumbrances,
obligations and- management of i the
State's interest in railroads and other
property been investigated. Our finan
cial condition is then still unknown,
and we have no remedy against the
plunder and fraudulent debt inflicted
on us in the past, nor safeguard for the
future. We do not know how much
we owe nor to whom we owe it. We
do not know what property belongs to
us nor how it is mortgaged and con
trolled. Nor do we know our resources,
nor what we need for current expenses,
nor the amount of surplus revenue we;
are capable of raising.
The failure of the Legislature to ad-:
just this financial question, or at least)
to nsnprtnin what our financial statues
is and propose an adjustment, is a great
cusappoi milieu i" iu uic jjcuic. j.
much of reform was reasonably expec
ted. The great political re-action of
1870 that put our party in power, meant
that we must reform and adjust the
finances of the State. We hear ithe
question often asked, What has the
Legislature done? We candidly con
fess that we cannot give a satisfactory
answer. We cannot point to any one,
two or three great or statesman-like
acts that will work much. good to our
party or to the State. There is much
legislation among its proceedings that
is useful and necessary, and the general
tenor of its action is liberal and whole
some, but there is no positive reform
nor progressive statesmanship equal to
. This Legislature has been in session
twice as long as former Legislatures in
the "good old times" when, it is said,
North Carolina was truly represented.
Our present Legislature met 3d Mon
dav in November, 1870, and held till
about 1st week in April 1871, with re
cess of somo two weeks about Christ
mas, or a little over 4 months in all.
They again met 3d Monday in Nov.
1871, and held to 12th Feb. 1872, with
one week recess at Christmas, or nearly
three months. The total session for
the vear was about seven months at $o
per diem, when in "old times" three
months' session or less, for the two
vears term and at $300 per diem.
Board and expenses are but little, if
any more now than in the "old times."
When this Legislature first met it
was plain that it must itself attempt
relief for the'people, and establish con
fidence and provide reform, or else at
once call a convention to effect these
measures. Neither course was pur
sued. . '
The Legislature continued in session
four months, engaged mostly in speech
making and minor legislation, without
grappling and disposing of the ques
tions of the greatest importance to the
State and people. These questions were
left over, and after four months of leg
islation a call was made for a conven
tion that would re-arrange and correct
everything. An address was sent out
to the effect that there was no way to
evade paying the whole debt, no way
to escape utter ruin, unless the conven
tion would assemble and change the
debt clause in the constitution, restore
the old connty courts, and hurl corrupt
judges from the bench, &c.
The people did not appreciate the
wisdom or necessity for the movement,
and convention was defeated. The
very same men who said there must be
convention or else a tax to pay the debt
so burdensome that it would ruin every
everybody, again meet in t'ne Legisla
ture and made no provision at all for
a tax to pay the debt.
Are men who so trifle with us, and
show inconsistency so unnecessarily,
worthy to represent our party? Tho
Legislature misconceived their mission
at tat and overrated their owri power
and importance. Too many of them
showed a disposition to assume that
they were the Conservative party of
North Carolina, and masters of the po
litical fortunes of the State. But few
of them were ever there before, and
were so astonished and elated at the
result that it is natural they would be
misled in their calculations.
The public printing has given occas
ion for attach on tn-a party uy our u.j
nents, and has even created misunder
standing among Conservatives in the
Legislature. Another serious blunder
was made in the recent election of U.
S. Senator, and many think a great
blunder was made in the same election
last year. The untimely election for
Convention last- August was a jno-1
damaging blunder, and revived to full
strength again for a party that was fast
dying out. Our success in future is
jeopardized, and impractical men and
accidental representatives from -minority
counties have misrepresented our
party, and we must ignore them.
Col. It. II. Cowan, of Wilmington,
declines the honor of being the Ku
Klux candidate for Governor. Sensi
ble man. Colonel. It does not always
help a public man to be disastrously
beaten. Ku Kluxism is not so ram
pant as in 1570 ; consequently, whoever
the Greensboro' KJan nominates,
be left but in the cold.
Itead.tho proceedings of the Wayne
county Convention In another column.
Democratic Ipfarny !
I Horrors of Andersbnville and Salisbury
Repeated ! !
Inhuman Cruelty' Endorsed by the
Democratic Legislature ! ! !
sworn, deposes and says :
Q. State your age, of what county
you were formerly resident,' and for
what you are i in prisoned ? I
A.:Columbus Summey ; 23 years of
age ; larceny of a pistol.
. Q. ;Were you confined here during
the past sum mer? ..; "
Q. State in what manner the prison
ers were clothed and fed.
A. They did not have enough to eat.
I did not have enough myself, and I
heard others complaining,
Q. What did you have to eat?
. A. Enough bread three times a day,
between and 1 pound of meat a day
sometimes bacon, sometimes pork.
At night we had nothing but bread.
at dinner we had peas sometimes
greens sometimes we had rice fre
quently during the Fall. We had po
tatoes a few times; We had no coffee
during the summer, except in the hos
pital. There were a right smart of sick.
Our clothing during the summer was
good enough, except on account of the
vermin. Now there are a great deal of
vermin and we suffer for the want of
underclothing. We have had one pair
of cotton socks this winter. They are
long since worn out and my feet are
frostbitten on that account.
Q. Did you ever hear that a cat was
killed and eaten in the Penitentiary?
A : T was in the crowd that killed and
it if. Th eat was killed by some of
the negroes and thrown into bur cell.
Wre took it, got a frying pan, carried it
to the fire and cooked it. Wejdid it
because we did not have enough' to eat.
Edmundson, Walter Scott, Baiford
Pearce, Peyton Price, Stephen Lewis,
and others whose names I do not re
collect were present. Edmundson find
I skinned the cat, Edmundson cooked
Q. Have you had any fish since Mr.
Murray has been here? ;
A T have not. ' : '
a.. What has been the character of
thfi bread vou received ?
A. During the summer it was fre
quently unsound, more frequently than
otherwise. Now it is tolerably good.
Q. Why did you eat the cat r
A Because they did not give
enough to eat.
Q. Did you ever eat a cat before?
A. Never. -
O. Did vou ever eat rats before ?
A. I did while a prisoner at Point
Q. Do you know of convicts throw
ing their rations away ? .
A. I have seen them throw their ra
firms of bread awav because it was
spoilt. I never knew them to throw
their meat away.
Q. How many blankets have you ?
A. One double blanket. In weather
like this we sleen cold.
O. Do vou know of a hog having
died of disease in the Penitentiary, and
if so what became f the. carcass
A . T know of two hosrs that died. A
neoro named Alfred Paine eat a piece
of the first that died. At that time we
did not get enough to eat. The hog
had been boiled up for soap grease.
When the second one died a negro
named Peter Smith cut off a piece raw,
and brought it in tho hospital to eat,
but the Steward made him throw it
away. , ; ,
q. You rememoer vvneii ine govern
ment of the Penitentiary changed
hands, state whether the condition of
the convicts has altered since then ?
A. It has altered for the worse. We
are as well off as regards clothes, but
in the matter of food much worse. We
had occasionally spoilt bread under the
old government but not as frequent as
under the new. -
Subscribed and sworn to.
Columbus M Summit.
John II. Edmundson
sworn deposes and says :
Q. Give your name,, age, previous
occupation, former residence, and for
what offence .and for what: time you
are sentenced ?
A. John Henry Edmundson; 25
years of age next March ; farming a?id
turpentine getting; Columbus county ;
horse stealing and assault with a dead
ly weapon ; ten years ; , five for each
offence. - '
Q. Do you .know anything about a
cat having been eaten in the Peniten
A. I do. I was one of .the men that
help eat it. ,-' ;,i . .
Q. Who skinned the cat ? '
m A. Summey and myself. .
(. How did you get the cat
A. The cat come in the cell where
Summev and myself were, . I first took
ihfi eatun and nut her down: then
" Lets eat her. We shall starve," or
" about to starve." Summey then kill
ed her with a bunkboard. we then
skinned and eat the cat. ; This was be
tween 8 and 9 o'clock in the morning.
We had to keep her a day and a half
before we got a chance to cook it.
O. Whv did vou eat the cat?
A. We did eat it for the lack of
something to eat. I have seen the day
here that I could eat a piece of a dog.
Q. What clothing do you have ?
" A. We have one pair of pants which
we never change, two shirts whichf wo
change sometimes once a week, some
times once in two weeks, frequently
not more than once in a month. v e
have no drawers, and have had only
one pair of stocginks this winter.
Q. How about your rations?
A. We do not get enough to eat, on
lv about three ounces of meat a day.
irr turn nr three months we had fish
one small herring cooked with the
entrails in it for breakfast. At sucn
imA nn meal was criven us. The fish
nerfeetlv rotten. The
Koonn nn3 nork we frot was good, io-
day I got for dinner about an onnce of
meat, about four spoonsful of peas and
a corn dodger. . -
Q. Do you know anything about any
spoilt or diseased meat being eaten ?
A. I saw a sick chicken goinef about
the vard moped up. Finally she died
and was thrown on the ash pile. T saw -a
negro named Alfred Paine pick it up,
cook it and eat it. , ,
Subscribed and sworn to. f '
" , J. Edmonson. ,
Alfred Paine, of Caswell,-a convict,
sentenced for five years, three of. which
have expired, for horse stealing,' aged
about 24 years, being duly sworn depo-
poses and says : . .1
Q. Did you ever eat any diseased r
spoilt meat, and if so, state under what
circumstances? , ' - ' ,
A. A hog 'died here of ' disease last 1
fall. They were boiling it up for soap
grease. I went into the kitchen and
asked Britt to give mo somo of it. He
did so and I eat it. - ......
Q. Why did you eat it ? i 1
A. I was hungry. They did not give
me anything like enough to eat.
Q. Did you ever eat a chicken that
had died of disease? .:" .
A. I did, but I did not know it had
died. I eat tho chicken because I was
hungry and they did hot give m
Q. Is there any difference between
what - you get now and what you got
A. It is a little bit better. We are
making out better since the Legislature
met. We get a few more peas but no
Q. How was the fair last winter ?
A. Pretty fair. We got enough to
eat upto last April.
Q. What is your usual ration a day ?
A, We get a piece of meat abbut 2 J
inches one way and two the other, thin
ner than my finger, for breakfast and
dinner, with a small loaf of bread. For
dinner we get about four spoonsful of ;
peas. Forsupper a small pone of bread.
Subscribed and sworn to. 5 :
' - - i his , i
Alfred X Paine.
' mark.! V '
The Ku Klux Repoht. -Ja. very
large portion of this morning's Press
is given up to a Synopsis of tho : long
expected report of the Committo of;
Congress on Southern Outrage, better
known as'the" Ku Klux Committee."
We consider it the most important pa
per that has been published, since tho
close of the war, and, ask for it a
thorough reading. ,
It will furnish the future historian
with the material for the darkest chap
ter of our history. Such a rqvelatlon:
of man's inhumanity to man, of devil
ish conspiracy and black crime, was
never made before." Such an! insight,
into the principles, motives, and poli
cy of the rebel Democratic party will
never be had again. When before, in
a civilized and Christian country, have
men deliberately organized assassina
tion and struck for power through tho
persecution of a whole race? 'Christian
men and women, read the report !
Every Republican, every Union man
should read it. Head it, you jvho im
agine that the. cherished fruits of tho
war are safe, that rebellion has been
forever crushed, and tho political and
moral redemption of the South is an
What the report shows can be summed
up in a paragraph : That in the States
recently in rebellion mere aro secret
bands of disloyal men organized to
prevent the execution of laws relating
to reconstruction; that the 1 organiza-
tion embraces about forty thousand
men in o4o State, and probably not
less thanWo hundred thousand in( all
the States ;that they are bound by
oaths to execute such orders as; may be
decided upon in Secret sessions; that
in obedience to theso decreed, and ; in
accordance with their oaths, they burn
and destroy the property of peaceable
citizens; they seize, bind, scourge,
shoot, and hang innocent mn; that
these hellish outrages aro committed
only against the poor timid blacks and
against white Republicans; that for
such deeds f violence and bjood no
conviction has been had and no pun
ishment inflicted, save in the I United
States Courts and under martial law.
It also shows another fact, and that
is the need this country has of the' Re
publican party and of having its affairs
administered . by Republicans. That
party is an organization of the I best el
ements of this nation. It abolished
slavery and preserved the Union, it re
stored peace and gave the negro tho
ballot, and it has promised that peace
shall not be disturbed nor the ballot in
vaded;, and whatever, irrelevant topic
raav sow ditscord ,nnd widen breaches
in its ranks, upon this it is resolved
the rebellion shall not be rovived nor
the negro stripped of citizenship. And
so this unholy alliance of the rebel
Democrats must dissolve , and its bar
barities ccasc. Phila. Press.
A -STitAKcni Cask
Identity. The case
Pigerro, lately on trial at Ver
sailles, for participation in the inas3acre
of the hostages in the prison of La Ro
queite, is a strong example of the unre
liable nature of evidence adduced to
establish identity of person and dec ;.
Witness after witm-ss confronted wila
Pigerrc positively identified him as j:i
command of the firing party. One
witness identified him as ono who had
struck him (the witness) with a sabro
nf the rtrison. Pisrerro . boldly faced
his accusers, yet his doom was appa
rently sealccl. But at almost the last'
moment, a new witness appeared,
named Jarraud, who testified that, he
was at the execution, and that the oHi
cer in command was not Pigerre at nil,
but a person named Sicard. The latter
was brought into court, and, although
suffering from sickness, the striking
likeness each bore to the other was ad
mitted by all present. The most con
fident of Pigerre's accusers were re
called and asked to compare him with
Sicard, when their confidence vanished.
Even the one who had been struck
with the sabre was inclined to( believe
it was Sicard who struck him.! Sicard
confessed that he had been a Captain
under La Commune, and wal present
at La Roquette. Pigerro wa3 of courso
acquitted rescued from what seemed
inevitable conviction, with death as
Ifxr Mrihft harmx rhfinr-O
which brought the witness Jarraud ir.-i
t Democratic name
J for stealing