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TJT III 'II
TRI-WEEKLY AND WKKKLY UY
The Era Publishing Company.
Hte of Subscription t
Tih-Wekklt One year, in advance, $3 00
ft months, in advance, 2 00
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Six months, in advance, 50
The President stated on Saturday, in
answer to questions by leading Repub
liain Senators, that the administration
had determined not to abandon the po
sition it had assumed in regard to the
t fabama claims, no matter what became
of the treaty.
Many important jills arefctill before
the Congress. Since the beginning of
the session the President Has approaed
thirty-three bills which originated in
the Senate, and one hundred and twen
ty from the House. The House has
acted on nil the general appropriation
bills except .the fortification and the
bill for the payment of certain civil
At last every State in the Union is
represented in the U. S. Senate. In
common with Senator Shurman, of
Ohio, we congratulate our people upon
this event. Southern Senators resigned
their scats in 1861; and after an inter
val of eleven years, the unity and com
pleteness: of the" Senate, unhappily
broken by the retirement of Senators
from the seceding States, is restored by
the admission of Gen. Hansom. -.Every
Slate is now fully represented in the
Upior House of the Congress; and let
us hope, after the lessons of the past,
that Senators of the United States will
never again leave their seats for the
avowed purpose of engaging in treason
against the general government.
America is a safe and inviting asy
lum for the oppressed of all Nations.
Just at this time emigrants from Ire
land arc flocking to the "land of the
free and the home of the brave." The
rush is so great that the great steam
ship lines are compelled to run extra
vessels to accommodate tle large num
Iht of Irish people who desire to emi
grate to America. Irish journals state
that the exodus from that ill-fated
country, will exceed this season that
of any two previous seasons. Ireland s
best blood seem to flee from her as
though she were a plague siot. The
rule of England makes the Irish peas
ant n pauper in his native Erin, and
drives him to this country to seek a
home for his family and to carve out
Emigrant from any and all national
ities are welcome to our shores ; the
Irish and German emigrants especially,
as they convert our forests and praires
into luxurious gardens, build up our
agricultural wealth, and promote our
" That our readers may see what
America gains by emigration, we ap
pend the following extract from the
report of the Commissioner on Emigra
tion: "The number of emigrants who have ar
rived at the port of New York from May 5,
1S47, to January 1, 1S70, is no less than
4,'207,9S0. Adding to the capital value of
$1,125 represented by every emigrant, $150
per head for the average value of personal
propertv brought, as I have shown, by
each, e find that immigration increased
the national wealth, in the stated period, by
more than five billions of dollars, or more
than twice as much -as the present amount
of the national debt. The total immigration
into the Unitdl States being now at the rate
of 300,000 souls per year, the country gains
nearly four hundred millions ot dollars
annually, or more than one million per
day." " .
Democratic newspapers have endeav
ored to create the impression that we
c ondemn ministers of the Gospel who
spouse the cause of the Democratic
party, but have no word of condemna
tion for the same class of men who ad
vocate the principles of the Republican
mrtv. Such is not the case.
1 Tt Cobb left Shelby
and went to Statcsville to report the
"campaign speech" of Gov. Vance a
corrcsiKmdent wrote us of the fact. A c
... . i i K Srf"nnn tinn furnished
and added by way of comment the fol-
"The Republican party recognizes the
ri-ht of ministers oi w ZlV
r, .... .loiro. We aroaston-
l t rU anv minister having the fear of
before his eyes, -
,Hl lK . . ..iiiwmrn." should.
klux Democracy in ic - -
!l?hiSis.Imt'wo uld-no nums-
no Jess.' We did not eonu -
nualification ministers wno nu .
quaii ml our astonlsh-
ntKTh it men, clothed in theg-arments
DemtScratic party) in sucli.prarb It is
(Ijemocn i clcuicd, that min-
n fact that wnnot
ro nir pulpits for the
use," than they did Jor Be-
fiivin' aiueu, iu -
Hgion. Hav of the South,
't o nnot be employed
" JrxviS than In the interest of the
othenv Ise .man mftdem days.
IXinocratic party t -
Should no longer pretend to be the ser
vrtts o. me flt t0 joln
cmleavoring i n-nncrs are
W " Uberty. Union.
embiazonw ' '
and Equant. rf Docrats
' ; ' -If
r -4 ! ; .
, : . -
Vol. 1. .
Under the head of "Lincoln Superior
Court," The Cliarlolte Democrat says:
Tho State docket was disposed of early on
The horrible rape cane (where a white man
violated the person of a white girl) was re
moved t Gaston and will bo tried next
week. Such villains, white and black,
should receive speedier punishment. The
Southern people Kliow more forbearance
and respect for law than i manifested by
any Northern community. ' j" -
We are Surprised that an Editor
who has been known as one of- the
moderate men of our State; should en
courage the spirit of mob law that is
always rife in the . bosoms of people
whose friends have been murdered or
outraged. We have had lawlessness
enough, in the Southern Spates; no
matter how fruilty a criminaj may b,
the law should be allowed to take its
course ; more especially at th s time.
Northern people have, in oany in
stances, to their great discredit, disre
garded the forms of law. Southern peo
ple should not follow their example.
We have had our fill of mobj law. A
rigid enforcement of the criminal code
is not sufficient, on all occasions, to'
keep down mob spirit. Thj encour
agement, that "such villaiits white
and black, should receivespeedier pun
ishment,"- coining from a representa
tive of the Press, as it does in this in
stance, will have a bad effect,
result in the punishment of
T"li - nncio nllllllfl in llV Tit
is of the highest in the catalogue of
crime ; but it is infinitely better that
the criminal should be executed after
having had a fair and impartial trial,
if found guilty, than to have been put
to death by a mob. Such fiends are
seldom pardoned. A convection is
speedily followed by death on the gal
lows. As long as we have canital pun
ishment in this State it is to be hoped,
that the officers of the law will be al
lowed to perform their duties without
the aid of lawless men. The Democrat
should take the "sobersecond thought."
Tht Constitution of North
Article XI, Section 7, provides for a
Board of Public Charities, totwhom is
intrusted the supervision of all Chari
table and penal State institutions, and
it is made their duty to reportpnnuany
to the Governor upon the condition of
said institutions with suggestions for
their improvement. I
G. Wm. Welker, Eugene pnssom,
Dr. G. W. Blacknall, and pr. w m.
Barrow were appointed, and in Febru-
ary, lo7u, . suDiniueu uich "v"'
as such Board. Their report, showed
that in many counties the jaijs had no
arrangements for heating, and that
consequently the prisoners therein con
fined were subjected to much puttering
from cold during winter. Indeed some
of them were reported frost-bitten, and
Cleaveland county gravely reported
i,f i ho nulv mpnns of heathiff was to
l a a t v - - - , -
give the prisoners a "heated rpek !"
The majority of the poor-ltouses oi
the State were reported by Dr. Black
nail who visited them as "not only a
disgrace to the State, but a sin against
humanity.'.' In one county JOrange)
the male and female prisoners had been
confined together, and when a, woman,
sentenced to death for murder, was
brought to the scaffold, her :ondition
was such that it became necessary to
ask at the hands -of the Executive a
commutation' of her punishment to
imprisonment for life.
The late Democratic Legislature
did'nt like for such facts ' to bo to the
world, and so they enacted that the
Board of Public Charties shy I not be
allotted to nrint then report. And so no
rpnort was made to the late session of
tho General Assembly, and we have no
Rtsitisticsof oaunerism or crime in the
State for last year.
Tvlesraphic communication with the
old World, informs us that Mt. Vesu
vius is again belching forth stones, lava,
and ashes. Witnesses of previous erup
tions represent the spectacle as terribly
sublime terrible in its effects grand
beyond description in appearance.
Tourists from all parts of Europe are
now witnessing the labors of this won
derful volcano. Al ready, t wohundred
nponle have lost their lives by the
wthinir lava. Towns and villages are
K-toMtvl with destruction Vine-
yards and other prorerty to an amount
that will cause great suffering, have
been destroyed. And yet, after each
eruption, the surviving population re-
turn to their oiu nomes, setuc uuU)
i there remain until the lavn, stones,
and ashes of Vesuvius, destroys their
r. irivo them out cfi ainger.
Such is life. .
Vcting Secretarj' of the Treasury
Richardson has directed the Assistant
Treasurer at New York to purchase
000 000 of bonds each Wednesday,
and sell $2,000,000 of gold each Thurs
day during May-in all, 10,X),000 of
m i iof tUn Rnnrcifie Court
of Florida decided that the Gi ve.nor s
impeachment is still pending Sand that
1 . T- Icwroltv hnhls the
Lieut Governor Day legally
office as acting Governor.
" ""-.','" ' '
Democratic Stale ConYrntion.
, The nominees of this Convention axe
as follows: -j , , -; i
For- Governor-Hon. A. S; Merri
mon, of Wake. .
For Lieutenant Governor John W.
Hughes, of Craven. '
For Attorney General Judge V . M.
Shipp, of Mecklenburg. ,
Fpr Treasurer John W. Graham, of
Oraifge. V '
For Secretary of Shite John A. W o-
mack, of Chatham.
rFor Auditor Collett Leventhorpe,
of Caldwell. , . .
For Supt of Iublic Instruction N e
reus Mendenhall, of Guilfonl.
For Sup'tof Public Works James
II. Separk, of Wake.
A much stronger ticket could have
been nominated. Judge Merrimon
cannot poll his party vote. ; When it
is shown that the Judge dodged be
hind a boinlj-proof and. rofuocd to fight
for,tIie Confederacy, as he did do ; that
at one time he was Geo. W. Kirk's
fast friend ; that he is the friend of Geo.
W. Swepson; that he defended said
Swepson when prosecuted by Governor
Caldwell for robbing the State in com
pany With Milton S. Littlefield, of mil
lions of dollars; that he voluntarily
defended the Ku Klux and endeavored
to screen them from the penalties' of an
outraged . law, when on , trial before
Chief Justice Pearson ; when all this
and a great deal more is. made plain to
the people, the nominee of the Ku
Klux party will fail to receive the
united vcte of his party.
Mr. Hughes, nominee for Lieutenant
Governor, does not amount to much.
He was nominated because he lives in
Craven and represents the ex-slave ar
istocracy of the State.
Judgo Shipp was renominated be
cause he has served the party exceed
ingly well. He has no strength out
sidVhis party. When the law-abiding
people are informed that he went to
Rutherford county in June, 1871, in
company with Judge Cloud, and ad
vised the people not to prosecute the
Ku Klux murderers of that county,
that they, 'the people,, had better drop
the matter, they will not touch him
with a forty-foot pole.
Mr. John W. Graham, nominee for
Treasurer, suits us exactly. His finan
cial ability is confined to statistical in
formation. He is capable of receiving
and disbursing the funds of the office;
as for any ability as a financier, we
presume he does not pretend to have
anyl When the people are informed
that he introduced a bill to extend am
nesty to members of the Ku Klux
Kldn who murdered, scourged, muti
lated, whipped, and drowned, to secure
the success of the Democratic party, he
will be scorned by every voter who
lovesjustice and right.
Mr. J. A. Womack, nominee for Sec
retary of State, is of no consequence
whatever. Simply because the Con
vention thought Chatham county
doubtful in the approaching election,
they threw overboard competent,
worthy men, and nominated Mr. Wo
mack; lie cannot carry his own county.
Collett Leventhorpe, nominee for
Auditor, is another representative of
the ex-slave aristocracy. . The only rec
ommendation that he has for the posi
tion is. that he was Gov. Vance's Brig
adier General of the Home Guards, and
made himself notorious by his war up
on Union men who would not fight for
the Confederacy. The people of Ruth
erford county, where he married and is
well known, will put their seal of con
demnation on hiin by giving his oppo
nent one thousand majority.'
Mr. Mendenliall, nominee for Super
intendent of Public Instruction, is the
best man on the ticket. He is in bad
company; was an advocate of Conven
tion and candidate also, last summer;
and now partially represents the Ku
KJux of our State. .
Mr. J. H. Separk, nominee for Su
perintendent of Public Works, is a
worthy working man. Contempt for
thatcjass of our citizens who earn their
daily bread by the sweat of their bro'w,
dictated his nomination-for a position
that none of the kid glove gentry would
have. ' '
Voters of North Carolina! such are
the!, representatives of the Ku Klux
Democracy, as selected by - the Grand
Convocation of the Dens, which assem
bled at Greensboro' on Wednesday last.
Their defeat will preserve peace ; insure
prosperity. Their election will breathe
new life into the Ku Klux ; will abolish
the Homestead; and guarantee to the
leader of the Democracy the privilege
of robbing the State by the letter "m."
Republicans must do their full duty
nominate honest, competent men pick
out the very best material of which the
party is composed go into the field
and icork from now until the polls close
on the first Thursday of August, and
A ill -.1, .. ... T..
victory win perm upuu uui uiiuuci.'?.
The following is the Platform :
The Democratic-Conservative party
of North Carolina in Convention as
sembled, do declare,
That all experience proves that in
free governments, those to whom pow
er has been delegated, are prone to en
large its sphere, and by usurpation and
abuses; encroach upon the rights and
liberties of the citizens. v
rrUa. tmicmit oonrl itinn nf rair reiuntrv
! demands an union, of all parties, by
! whatever name heretofore designated,
f . . . i. Y...... on.. niUk
lO avert penis gremer wmu uuy wrim
which our government has been me
naced since its organization.
N; C, - THURSDAY,
Constitutional Government and civil
latf are threatened with, annihilation,;
and military government and the. bay
onet law substituted in their stead. . .-,
Immense sums, not' needed for any
legitimate purpose, are drawnfrom the
people by means of a system of taxa
tion, vexatious in . the extreme, and as
unequal as the ingenuity of the makers
could fashion it,;imposlng heavy bur
dens upon the itffople, not only to sup
port extravagance and waste by gov
ernment officials, but also to meet the
demands of wealthy monopolists, who
seek to convert the whole government
into an inrrmene machine by which
the public is to be plundered for' their
benefit. r1 , '
This system has produced au amount
of official corruptiori that has astonish
ed the country, and which will, if not
soon checked, demoralize the people.
The administration at Washington
not only fails to correct these evils, but
by its conduct, i -encourages extra va-
ffnnoo, peculation And coi ruptluu. -
In order that I the patriotic men of
the" north may not be aided in their
efforts to reform the administration by
the Southern States, a large number of
the men of most experience in those
States are disfranchised and prohibited
from taking efficient part in the man
agement of political affairs.
In addition to this, and to keep those
States under the control of mere re
tainers and instruments of the central
power at Washington, oppressive and
tyrannical laws have been passed and
large bodies of troops distributed to
overawe the citizens and prevent a fair
expression of opinion public at the bait
1. llesolved, therefore, That the time
has arrived when it becomes the duty
of all patriots, without distinction- of
partv,' to unite in an honest effort to re
store constitutional government, an
equal and moderate system of taxation,
economy in expenditures, honesty
among the officials and universal am
nesty, and thus secure the permanent
peace and prosperity of our common
2. Resolced, That the present system
of internal taxes on spirits and tobacco
is unequal, vexatious and tyrannical,
ought forthwith to be abolished, arid
thus, by its extinction, relieve the
country from the curse of a numerous
horde of officers whose conspiracies and
frauds demoralize the public mind, and
who are harassing and plundering the
people, and by' their extortions fat
tening on the hard earning of a help
less, impoverished and oppressed peo
ple. , ,. ,
3. Resolved, That the late Radical
Convention of this State, by recom
mending J. C. Abbott to a seat in the
Senate of the United States, though he
did not receive one third of the votes
cast, manifested an utter disregard of
the rights of the people of the State, a
contempt of the Constitution of the
United States, and a plain act of Con
gress made in pursuance thereof, and a
preference for the laws of Great Britain,
where the minority rule prevails, and
the rights of majorities are habitually
4. llesolced, That their endorsement
of W. W. Holden, who was deposed
from office for gross violations of the
Constitution and laws of the State,
snnnndprinfr its funds, and illegal ar
rests of its citizens, is well calculated to
alarm our people with the dread that
in the event of the return to power of
his associates,' the State is again to be
oppressed with military arrest, peni
tentiary and railroad swindles and gen
eral waste, profligacy, fraud and cor
5 npsnfipd. That the general tend
ency, both at Washington and in our
own otaie, ui ivauiuii utnun, .acium-v
in the interests of monopolists and the
wealthy classes, and for the oppression
oi tne masses oi our counxryxuen, mm
thnf. instpnd of snrh conduct- it is the
duty of the government to aid, elevate
and dignity tne laoorer, to wnu&e
efforts, mainly, we must look for our
prosperity. . .
G. liesolved, mat education anu en-
Hffhforl nnhlif! virfnp arfi indiSDensa-
bly essential in a government of, and
lor, me iJeupie, ;uiu wciuaisu nv
and just proportion of the public lands,
or their proceeds, which belong in com
mon to all the States of the Union,
shall be given to them for the education
a 1 i. .1!.,
of all classes oi the people, witnoui ui&
tinction of race Or color, instead of be
ing granted by Congress, as they have
heretofore been.i under the most cor
ruption influences and in vast quanti
ties, to overpowering railroad corpora
tions and other monopolies of accumu
icifni wraith tin riiinirorniis to the richts
and liberty, the llabor and welfare of
the people. I ,
7. liesolved, That while we accept
and faithfully abide by the constitution
of the United States as it is, with all
tne amenaments, hiciuuihs
tion and equality before the law, thus
conierniijj -equtif, tivn t Vl '-
M vtrhn fir citizens of this
rori vfknnhiw wo onoose and de-
flint lntHnflinous construction
which makes the discretion of Congress
or the President superior to the consti
tution, and under pretence of enforcing
thft most important
provisions securing the personal liberty
f 1 1 i r ! I I'll I I J f 1 .1 1111 A 1 L . '
tknmiima intrk tviprft provinces or cor
porations, under the control of a central
ith no risrhts "reserved"
to them or the peopleexcept such only
as that central government iimj wu:i.
s Resolced. That we desire a real,
nt mnrplv ii nreteiided. civil ser
vw rnfiirm. and that we believe the
unnn tOTm lirincinlp '' for the Presi
dency would greatly tend to produce
0. liesolved, That the patronage of
the government should not oe orougni
s ,r.fl?rf with1 the freedom of elec-
?nn nnd that ithe elective franchise
c.iiri ho frp nnd nntrammeled.
i T?9n?rfid. That the amendments
to the constitution proposed by the last
r 1 A ...till if nrrrar fonH mnfA.
JLjegisiamre v in, i ttuuiw.u,ivi.
:n,r x hnpf!MhA Shite, nnd we un-
Vioc?totintrlr rfMommend their support
to all citizens! with distinction of
11. Resolved, That all secret political
societies are dangerous in a iree gov
ernment, engender violencecombina
incst. thin neace of society, inse-
enritv nf nerson and property, and
nnrht. tn be discountenanced by all
12. Resolved. That as an independent
press is tho palladium to American lib-
MAY 9, 1872.
erty, the Democratic press of the State,
for their able, manly and persistent de
fence of constitutional and civil liberty,
deserve, and are hereby tendered, the
grateful acknowledgments and hearty
thanks of the people of this State.
j i How Now? .
The EditorOf The HlUsbord' Recorder,
before he left for the Greensboro' Con
vention, wrote as follows; v
The candidate for Governor must not be
a man distinguished for his ku klux Democ
racy or party extremeism. Nor must he be
an able bodied man who dodged the mus
ket in a war that tested men's patriotism,
for thousands of the old soldiers have sworn
by all the blood that smoked upon the bat -tlerfield
tor the "lost cause" that they will
never vote for a man who shirked or dodged
behind a bomb-proof office and Ave are one
of tho swearers.
.Now, J udge Merrimon is decidedly
an "an able-bodied man," and got be
hind iv Commissary's Commission in
1861, and that's all the blood he shed.
If any man calls that a "bomb-proof?
let him' make the most of it. .
How about that swearing, Evans?
We hope it.is not that kind of oath that
galled those Democratic members of
the Legislature on the subject .of taxa
tion, last Summer."
j Mirabile Dictu.
Mr. F. S. Strudwick, of Orange,
a noted member of the Ku Klux Klan,
having exhausted his bull-dog defense
of his brethren, and ceased his persecu
tion of helpless and inoffensive citizens;
appears before the public in a new role.
He is said to have. -resorted to moral
suasion1 for the purpose of getting some
deluded colored man or men, to accom
pany him and , Mr. White Line Graham,-
as" delegates to the Greensboro'
Democratic-ConservativeKu Klux Con
vention! How the mighty have fal
len! How pleasant it is for colored
and white delegates to dwell together
in unity. Only two years ago, this was
a White Man's government ; " Nig
gers," in the estimation of . Messrs.
Strudwick and Graham, were not the
equals of the brute of the field. Have
colors changed, and if so, how many?
W hose Ox is Gored Now ?
The News complained of a neglect of
public business when Senator Pool and
representatives Thomas and Cobb left
their seats in Congress to attend the
late llepublican Convention in this
Senator Ransom, and Representatives
Leach, Shober and Harper left their
seats in Congress to attend the late
Democratic Convention, but The Neics
has not learned the fact. It that paper
hears that these latter-named gentle-
men left their duties in .Washington to
attend a political meeting, they may
expect I fits. We do hope somebody
will enlighten The News.
Iowa has abolished the''gallfcvs.
Crimes for which death was the penal
ty are to be punished in future by im
prisonment for life. This is a step in
the interest of humanity. As the world
grows older and its inhabitants become
more and more enlightened, juaiciai
murder will be superceded by a life
tentureln the Penitentiary, Man can
not give life; he should not take it
either as Cain did or judicaliy. Our
people are beginning to look back upon
the whipping post as a relic of barbar-
l ism ; cropping and branding also. Long
ago theft was punished with, deatli.
Every feeling of humanity would re
volt at such a penalty in this-the .Nine
teenth ! Century. A hundred years
from now hanging for murder or any,
other crime will be contemplated with
the same revulsion and sickening dis
Tho learned editor of The Sentinel
discourses in his issue of the 29th in
stant on the "brewing oLbrandy."-
Now, we had thought that brandy was
distilled, ! and that malt liquors were
brewed, and supposed that any man
who had ' practiced at Pat Nolan's bar
as long as the editor aforesaid has,
would iiave ere this learned the differ
ence between fermented and distilled
liquors. When he wrote the article he
was probably " in liquor" or in a state
of ferment over his chances for a nom
ination at Greensboro'.
The Georgia Bond Investigating
Committee, which has been sitting in
New York for the past jthree weeks,
concluded its labors on Saturday; The
total registration of bonds is about $14,
000,000, the chief part of which, it is
said, are legal, and the holders will
receive pay in full, while those that
have been illegally issued will be repu
' The ! Baptist Convention of West
Tennessee, North Mississippi and Ar
kansas recently in session at Memphis,
has pledged the body to raise $200;000
in the event of the Southern Baptist
University at Greenville, S. C, being
removed to the vicinity of Memphis.
Parties coming from Sitka, Alaska,
report great excitement in that region
on account of the discovery of rich
silver mines .within half a mile of the
town, and of rich gold and silver mines
in other places on the adjacent coast.'
The Editor must not be understood aa endors
ing the' sentiments of his' correspondents.
Communications en all subjects are solicited,
which will, be given to the readers of Tiik EiU
as containing the Views and senUmcntf of tho
writers. . . ' t. -
, U Fox the Carolina Era.
- Rnlfiii Badger Institute.
It is really refreshingand gratifying,
amid the wild contentions of politics,
to turn from th'ose scenes of strife and
turmoil to the more peaceful and pleas
ant paths of literature. Ruffin Badger
Institute, On Thursday, April 11th,
closed its fourth Aeademic year. This
Institution has metwlth remarkable
success, but not mpreTemarkabIe than
it really deserves. It was founded four
years . ago, Aas an Institution of high
grade, and that good; great, learned
and eloquent divine and veteran edu
cator, the Rev. Bran tly) York, was call
eu to t lie Presidency. Under his con-.
trol it has had great prosperity, and
steadily increasing, the past year being
more promising than any hitherto of
its existence. The annual exercises
took place on Thursday, April 11th,
according to the following Programme :
, I. Religious Exercises, by Rev. J.J.
Farrell, of Chatham county.
II. Latin Salutatory Wm. Brantly
III. valedictory Jospen ti. Jiootne,
Wake. : 1
Intermission of thirty minutes.
I. Annual Sermon, Rev. S. Pool, A.
M., University of North Carolina. '
Dinner. , .
I. Annual Literary Address Major
R. W. York, Chatham. ' "
II. Annual Address of the 1'resulent.
III. Benediction . -: . ' -IT
The opening religious exercises by
Rev.-Mr. Farrell consisted in readinz
a Psalm, singing an appropriate Ode,
and a fervent and impressive prayer.
These exercises were marked by a so
lemnity seldom witnessed on occa
sions of similar nature. r . :,)
The Latin Salutatory of Mr. W. B.
York did the younc: gentleman much
credit. It was chaste and elegant in
its diction- faultless in its construction,
and fluent in its delivery ; indeed, so
well was it delivered, that it seemed al
most his vernacular tongue, and ex
hibited much 'proficiency in the lan
guage in which Cicero thundered, and
Horace ana Virgil sung.
Mr. Boothe's valedictory was really
interesting. His subject was "The Im
portance and. .Necessity oia lmerai
Education." The subject was discussed
in n manner that misrlit have done
credit to an older head. The importance
and necessity or a ljiDerai jaucaiion
was forcibly ana succinctly set iorin,
and the notion, now so prevalent, that
a boy may be educated, so as to fight
the world, with a base Knowieage oi a
few elementary sciences, was severely
criticised. His allusions to the inci
dents of the four years of school were
beautiful and touching; particularly
those passages alluding to the death of
fpllnwfiifndpnts. and of Miss F. S. York.
one of the teacners in the Institution.
The two voungr men who composed the
graduating ciass, are oi very ut-uueu
ability and promise much for the future.'
. J 1 A
150H1 are xo eiuer me huj;iuu.ui
law, having been engaged in its study
for the past three years, under Richard
W. York, Esq., of the Chatham bar, a
lawyer of tlecidea learning ana aDiiuy.
Both. we. understand, are ready to ap
ply forlicense at the ensuing Supreme
Court. Ttieir law course nas Deen reau
in addition to their literary course, and
shows what may be done when there
is a will to do. We wish the young
gentlemen much success at the bar, and
in life generally. ; , ,
After an intermission . of. half hour,
we had the pleasure of hearing really
one of thebest, finest, ablest, ana roost
eloquent sermon, to which it has ever
been our lot to listen, the Annual Ser
mon by the Rev. S. Poolr A- of
Chapel Hill.. His text was "in uue
time, Christ died." : - v
The learned Minister erave a rapid
and succinct sketch pf the conditions of
me notions vi uie wunu,- pnux w, nu
at the time of the advent of Christ. He
exhibited clearly and forcibly the con
nection of the conquest of Alexander
the Great, in the diffusion and general
cultivation of the Greek . language,
whereby there .existed , at that time,
what had never existed before nor since,
a universal language asihe vehicle and
means of soreadiner and extending: the
Onsnfilr ' The universal dominion of
the Romans as ; producing a unity of
nations was handled in a manner truly
philosophically, together with its con
nection with the address, in a manner,
to us somewhat . new, but at the same
time convincing and Impressive. His
nntline of the doctrines f Christianity
was, indeed, grooping many things
into a small compass. Any attempt to
ffivp nn outline of the Sermon would
do its talented and gifted author in
justice. It is a pity that an enorc so
loamerl sri nrofound. so chaste and
A. - w XT J 9
henntiful should be wasted on the air.
frhit sprmnn alone was enoueh to
lYiairp i he renntation of anv man. and
certainly the Rev. Mr. Pool is second
.fr nn man in the State of his aire.
was proud of the sermon, because 1 was
proud that JNortn uaronna nau so iai
ented and gifted a son, and especially
that talents so creat should beconse-
oratoA to the cause of Christ. The Rev.
i!. Pool is the present President of
he T,nral Minister's Conference of the
Methodist Episcopal Church South for
Korth Carolinaucceedincr in that place.
the Rev. Brantley York, President of
Ruffin Badger Institute.
After dinner we had a very fine ad
dress from Maj. R. W.: York, who had
been selected to "deliver the Annual
Literary Address. His subject was
44 the cultivation of a pure and noble
character." The subiect was, indeed,
nhiv nnd lucidly discussed, in its rela
tions to religion, society, politics and
education. He save most attention to
the subiect of education, and seemed to
have linked the other three so as to
strengthen the main argument upon
tho necessity of general system of Pub
lic Instruction. Probably no man in
North Carolina has given more atten
tion to the subiect of -Public Instruc
tion, especially in its bt&rings upon ma
terial development, the preservation of
free government, and Hhe suppression
and prevention of crime, - He came out
unequivocally for a general system of
Public Instruction at all hazards, and,
Rates "of .Adver-tininc t
One square, one time, - - . - i- - $1 00
I 44 44 two time,- - - i- - 160
44 . 44 three timoa,- - - j- - 2 00
A square is the width of a column, and 1
inche deep. . .
.ar Contract Advertisements taken at
proportionately low. rates.
Professional Cards, not exceeding 1 square,
will be published one year for 12. ; ,
it seems to us his address ought to be
conclusive, Taking it all in all, It was
one of the ablest and most masterly
vindications of Public. Instruction by
the State, that we have ever heard.
The annual .address of the President
showed continued prosperity In tho at
tenrlnnne. nnd that the deportment and
grade of scholarship were entirely sat
isfactory. . . . - j
At this moment, .Jho. MMoring,
R?n.. on hehalf of the frraduatincr class
presented the President, Rev. Brantley
York, with a magnincGnt copy oi tne
Holy Bible. The remarks of Mr. Mor-in-
were well conceived, as was also
the reply of Prof. York. I !!
After benediction oy itev. ir. rooi,
the exercises closed, and the fourth
vear of Ruffin Badcrer Institute passed
away forever. ' I i
Old North tTATK.
For the Carolina Era.
Madison . Ilawkins.
Mr. Editor: Tlie contest
gress in the metropolitan District, must
in any event be a close one this year.
In two elections the Democrats nave
carried the District by small ! majori
ties. The question for Republicans to
consider are who is the strongest man,
who is most available ' and against .
whom the fewest objections can be
urged. - In the contest two years ago,
the lamented Judge Gilliam was ad
mitted to be the most popular, the most
estimable and the' most deserving in
the District, and 'yet notwithstanding
his distinguished abilities, varied learn
ing, courteous manners, and large ex
perience, he only defeated Madison
Hawkins, Esq.; of Franklin, about 400
votes. . t , j ! j '
! Now, Mrr Editor, under tho state of
facts has not Madison Hawkins! tho
highest claim to the nomination?. No
one believes that any candidate in tho.
District am consolidate as largo an in
fluence and poll as large a vote as Judgo
Gilliam did. Besides at the time Mr.
Ilawkins mado the campaign i against
Gilliam, although an educated shrewd
politician, he had very little experience
as a debater and electloneerer, yet last
year in his contest against a Conven
tion he proved himself to be an able
canvasser and ready controversalist,
land the large gain in the county against
Convention attest the ability, of ; Mr.
Hawkins. . ': . . '
I Then, Mr. Editor, apart from the fact
that Mr. Hawkins is a most availablo
nominee, free from every possible ob
jection growing out of his occupation
and . business connections, Franklin
county has higher claims to the nomi
nation than any county in the District.
In all the changes of the District
Franklin county has never furnished
the member of j Congress. In other
times Warren furnished Edward?, Dan
iel, Turner and Mlcajah Hawkins.
Granville furnished Potter, Venable
and Gilliam. Nash. Arrington.i Wake,
Omnfre. Jo Turner. Chatham.
Msmninj?. Now we claim Madison
Hawkins, Esq., for Franklin.
Your correspondent is aw
other gentlemen have been
this connection, but he insis
Claims of Mr. Hawkins an
Franklin arc paramount, t
I T.et nil understand to attain success
there must be perfect harmony as it) is
Certain the Democrats will nominate
their strongest man. . . , J j
' I For the Carolina Kr.i.
. FniToii Era : As the time is near-4
ins when the Convention williincet
and nominate a candidate for Congress
from theth Congressional district, the ,
many friends of Hon. R. M. Henry de-
sire to see him the standard-bearer of
this Congressional district. '!
Tn aflertint men.fof Positions. WO
should be carefuL to select those that.
deserve preferment and political eleva
tion at the hands or our pariy inenu ,
and in making the selection we ought
to be careful and revert to tho time
when one, should he enunciate ana de
clare himself a Republican, imperilled
his life. . ... J ... . .
Now. sir. in taking these things into .
consideration, I state without fear of
being contravertea, tnero.iwas not a
more bold, energetic and: working man
than Hon. It. M. Henry. He canvass
ed the entire West, where he did and
does now wield a powerful influence,
in inaugurating tne party oi enviaoiu
principles the Republican party tho
party of peace, free government, liber
ty, freedom and economy. i : , . . j .
In conclusion I will say, as tho party
has never, done anything in return for
the valuable services of Hon!.. It. M.
Henry, that should they fail to nomii
nate him, they certainly will be doing
him great injustice and ' casting a re
flection on his friends: Anon.
Cherokee Co., April 18, 1872.
rrom the Daily Xcws.
' A Card. r '- ; '
Messrs. Editors: I see from your
paper of this morning that I have been
classed as a Radical. This classification
is wrong. The error however is due to
myself rather than to you. I am not,
have not been, and never will be, a
Radical. ' - " J ' l-i ,
After the close of tho war, I favored
the restoration of the State tb the Un
ion on the best possible terms. I had
my political disabilities removed, and
favored the election of Gen. Grant In
18G8. ' ; r" i I. -
In 1871, 1 voted for the State Conven
tion and the convention candidates.
This is about the sum total of my po
litical acts. I have, however always
regarded myself as a liberal Republi
can opposed to Radicalism In all of Its
forms. . i i tV
- The card, from which you published
an extract, was written under a feeling
that something was due to Governor
Caldwell for the position .which I hold
by his appointment, against the wishes
of many of his friends. Iam satisfied,
on reflection j that it is due alike to the
position which. I, hold, and to myselff
to request you and your readers to ac
cept this as a substitute for my former
card, which is withdrawn. ; My work
is for the educational Interest? of tho
State, and nothing elso: ,-I have had,
and expect to have, almost nothing to
do with politics. I wish to see thcStato
prosper and all of its resources devel
oped:. I believe that popular education
is the only foundation of permanent
prosperity. , . j
most of it. w"-