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0 / 75
President. Smith nncl tllo Iense of
tli& North CiioIlim ItiUlroad.
As Tlie Despatch has undertaken to
Justify and defend the lease of the North
Carolina Railroad it will also sustain
the conduct of Major Smith in his part
of the transaction ; not as a partisan of
that gentleman or because his action
requires any delense ; but as public at
tention is almost daily called to.. the
matter by a Journal persistent in its
false statements and Inferences and
seeking to agitate and array public
sentiment against the lease, it is duo
the public that the facts should bo
boldly, fearlessly and frankly given to
tho people of North Carolina, who are,
every one; virtually stockholders in
the North Carolina 1 tail road.
Mr. Smith, as President of the Road,
had in himself no power or authority
to mate a lease, lie am use nis mnu
ence for the lease, but he did so to pro
tect the Road and the interests of the
State and private stockholders, of the
latter of which he was a largely Inter
ested party. But it is the sheerest pre
sumption, the height of folly and the
essence of absurdity to say that William
A. Smith, himself, leased the Road to
the Richmond and Danville Company.
The lease could only have been effected
through the consent and action of the
j representatives of the State's interest
in the Road, and not by the assent and
action of the President, as Is almost
daily alleged. As one of the represen
i tatives of the State, , he favored and
voted for the lease, but his vote alone
could not have consummated the
scheme, 'nor had he the' influence, nor
the Danville Road the money to have
enected the transaction, had it not been
clearly In the interest of the State and
the individual stockholders that this
arrangement be made.
mc-uovernor liragg was there as a
counsellor and adviser in the matter;
Ralph Gorrell, Esq., was there also, in
the same capacity. Is there a man in
North Carolina possessed of the hardi
hood, the temerity and unblushing im
pudence to charge corruption and bribe
taking on Thomas liragg and Kalph
Is there a man in North Carolina
- who would believe, though Bill Smith's
predecessor swore it, that money could
ever have induced Thomas Bragg and
Ralph tiorrell fo plot away the pro
perty of North Carolina and barter the
interests of the people of the State !
w m a 1 a
ii mere oe in an tnis land sucn a
howling hyenna in human form ; if the
btate contains a creature so lost to all
honor and every sense of shame as to
thus exhume the cherished remains of
the noblest son North Carolina ever
.bore upon her broad bosom; one that
would thus, iconoclast like, blacken the
life-record, plunder and destroy the
Ireputation and the honor of this. th
noblest, the purest, the proudest, and
Despatch cordially despise, . bu
Dinipi ryvievteu us u auiiiruu' officer
and he is sustained only xi.s mflna(rPr'
His, politics are another. W,Tndit
to ho rerrettel thnt one ?s " - , .
n 4i x lzr J useiui ana
valuable in the materf1 is not equally
r'J -reJts of the State
aim iwine.wwte Despatch, Dem.
- 5. - -W
Kxtract 1rom a Speech qf
Hon. Htnry WILSON,
Delivered at Clreat Fallw, IV. II., Febru
ary 24th, 187.
Iolitical effect in
to gratify a per-
the first of all of Carolina's noble dead,
let him stand forth before the world
and receive the brand of blackest in
famy ever - applied to coward and
scoundrel writing the record of his own
. everlasting infamy and disgrace.
But it is said Smith received money
. -for making the lease. Did Dick Hay
wood, who had an equal share and re-
- ' sponsibility iii the matter, take a bribe
for his part in the transaction? is it
believed by any one who knows him
that he is capable of taking a bribe?
Will any one about ltaleigh publiclv
assert that Dr. R. B. Haywood, witn
". the other representatives of the State,
required and received a money consid
eration before they assented to the
lease? And if Haywood and others
took no money, required none, and
received none, why should Smith have
been paid for that which could have
. been obtained without his aid and influ-
. The charge is an
whether repeated for
a campaign, whether
j sonal malignity, or prejudice the inter
' ests of the State and retard the progress
of the people, it is equally absurd and
ridiculous on its face, and is not believ
ed even by those who make and repeat
. the charge.
Smith very properly declined to an
swer an impertinent question before a
self-styled styled tribunal which had
no power or authority to call him. and
upon this circumstance, which has been
perverted and misrepresented, is based
the story of selling out the State's in
terests in a great public work.
The charge is further false in this,
that no interest of the State or people
has been sacrificed, but, on the contra
' ry, the State is protected and the public
interests of the people secured beyond
Ijook at the Road lefore the war,
when there were no competing lines
and ho combinations of capital as there
now are, and when the State was more
prosjerous and the productions of the
people greater. Starting vith a new
road in splendid conditionnd hand
somely cquipiKHl, owing but $ijO,0)0
tio.iting debt, the management paid
no dividends, but, in five years report
ed a floating debt of nearly a million.
Of rourse the road paid no dividends
immediately after the war, when ev
erything was broken down and had to
be re-established. It was only under
the management of President Smith J
that the road ever declared a bomi Jhle !
dividend, and this was accomplished !
through high rates of transportation.
unjust local discriminations, forced trib
ute from other roads, the closest econo
my and shrewdest management.
But tho time was coming when these
high charges, local discriminations and
" forced contributions could not be main
tained, andrresldent Smith saw .it.
His depreciating rolling stock remind
ed him of a rapidly maturing draft' on
: his accumulated earnings, aud the not
far distant future foreboded tho failure
of a management which had been so
happily aud unexpectedly a grand suc
cess. Seeing, feeling and knowing all
this, with his head severed at Charlotte,
-his feet olfat Goldsboro, and his body
threatened with paralysis by the newly
"projected Air Line. from Greensboro to
Charlotte, his only hopes as a railroad
man his hopes as a stockholder, the
hopes of the State, and tho great inter
ests of the people all lay in such terms
as might be made with the corporations
.and interests that had so completely
"run round" and sawed off the North
It were well for Bill Smith if he
could claim the distinction of lessor of
the North Carolina Road on the terms
fixed at the Company's Shops last Sep
tember. It would be a prouder distinc
tion than Morehead could ever claim,
who mainly projected and built the
Road : but unfortunately for his repu
tation, his pride and tho envy of his
(in this matter) yelping, whining ene
mies, there are others to divide the
honors men engaged in the transae- 1
tion whoso names will live in the his-'
tory, the minds and the traditions of;
the people of North Carolina when that I
of William A. Smith and all the latter
day Presidents of the North Carolina
Railroad will have perished and been
In this article no reference is had to
Mr. Chah man. Ladies and Gentlemen
I see before me men whom I recognize as
toiling men; men who have to 8upiort the
wives of their bosoms and the, children; of
their love by manual labor. I call t-ie earn
est attention of these men to this terrible
struggle through which we have passed,
ani to what has been achieved for tiie poor
toiling men of this country during tne last
twelve years. I feel that I have the right to
speak for toiling men and to toiling men.
l was born here in your county or ot.-anora.
I was born in poverty : want sat by my
cradle. : I know what it is to ask a mother
for bread when she has none to i;ive I
left my home at tn years of age antt served
an apprenticeship of eleven years, rc jeiving
a month's schooling each year, an. l at; the
end of eleven years of hard work, a oke of
oxen and six sheep, whlcn broui.ntime
eighty-four dollars. Eighty-four dollars
for eleven years of hard toil 1 I never spent
the amount of one dollar in money, count
ing every penny, from the time I was born
until I was twenty-one years of age.! I
know what it is to travel weary miles and
ask mv fellow-men to jrive me leave to toil.
I remember that in October, 1833, I walk
ed into your village from my native town,
went through your mills, seeking, t raploy
menu If anybody had onerod n:e nine
dollars a month I should have accepted it
erladly. I went to Salmon Falls, I went to
Dover, i went to :ewmarKer, and tried to
tret work without success, and I returned
home footsore and weary, but notiiscour
aged. I put my pack on my back md
walked to where I now live, in Massachu
setts, and learned a mechanics trade. I
know the hard lot that toiling men nave to
endure in this world, and every pulsation
ofmv neart, every conviction of my judg
ment, every aspiration of my soul, puts me
on tne side oi tne toning men or my coun
try ay, of all countries. I became an anti-
slavery man thirtv-six years ago, because
the poor bondman was the lowest, most de
graded, and helpless type of manhood, j An
anti-slavery man from conviction is bvjlg-
ieal necessity not onlv the inflexible foe of
tho doctrine that capital should own labor
ers, but tne unyielding iriena oi tne rignts
of the sons and daughters of toil.
L.et us see what the Republican party, has
done for the labor' ng men of this country
during the last twelve years. It struck the
fetters from four and a half million labor
ing men and women; converted them from
things into men and women. In making
them free, it struck down that proud,
haughty and domineering aristocracy of the
South that held the doctrine and proclaim
ed it, too that "capital should own labor;"
that the men who toiled for wages . were
the mud-sills of society ;" that the slavery
of workingmen produced "aclassof gentle
men, wno were ujj substitutes lor an order
of nobility." T2io.se were thedoctrinesjpro
claimed in our ears for forty years by the
Calhouns, tho McDufties, the Hammonds,
the Rhetts, the Ruflins, the Fitzhughs, tho
llerschell . Johnsons, and men on that
class, who laid down the doctrine boldly ev
erywhere that "slavery was the normal
condition of laboring men, black I and
white." In emancipating these four anda
half million black men and women we
struck down the power of the owners of
workingmen and workingwomen in1 this
country forever. They made labor dishon
orable in eight hundred thousand square
miles of the United States, in tho sunny
South, as they were wont to call it. Labor
ing men from abroad would not go there te
toil : northern lalormg men would not go
there to live ; they would not stand by the
side of the lettered bondmen where labor
was dishonored. IJut by the steady! per
sistent adherence to principle of the men
trained in the faith of opposition to slavery.
who now stand in the ranks of the Itexjub
lican party, all this has been changed, so
i - -.-..-.. ..i ....
Porjstont effort Art) mftkiriff t Convince
the laboring men of Kcw-Hampshire and
to make them believe they have a very
hard tiniflj of it ; that they have to pay taxes;
are, indeed, almost taxed out of existence,
A docutnfcnt is circulated to prejudice the
laboring men against the - Administration,
on account of the high rates of duties. In
my judgment, the wise and sound policy is
to taii Euixuries dghly ; to put the burden
of taxation upon articles that come in com-
etitiqir-Syith our own, and to make a free
ist as large as possible. We have a great
debt to fty- W e shall have taxation enough
for many;years. That burden, the legacy
of the sjaye Democracy, will rest upon the
labor of the nation for years to come.
It Va$!ihy privilege last summer to spend
a few sveeks in England. I hardly heard
an ythiiw else there but complaints of our
tariff. If.I went to a dinner-party, or. met
Ihiglislinen on ship-board, or anywhere,
they had much to say about our exorbitant
rates bf duties. English importers, German
importers, French importers, all berate our
rates of duties. These identical documents
that the jDemocraU are circulating in New
Hampshire are not paid for by the Demo
cratic party, but by men who want to take
care oEtireign interests rather than , our
I askedj these men abroad what they want
ed. "V"liy,'" thev said, "wo want to sell
more goods in your country." I had no
doubt or that, luey said, "lou are a great
agricultural country ; you ought to raise
agricultural products,' and we ought to
make tud manqfactured articles." 44 Well,"
I said.' Vl' find that you bought thirty-two
million-dbllars' worth of wheat last year.
and only 'eight millions of it in tho United
States. JC find that you bought millions of
dollars')!? corn, and only a few thousand
dollars jof it in the United States." I asked
them if tney would give up their agricul
ture if we would give up our manufactures,
and thVy aid their agriculture was worth
a great deal more than their .Manufactures.
They came richt to the point, for thev could
tell the jtruth on the subject in England;
their friends do not liketo tell ithere. Thev
said, 4lThe price of labor is too hicrh in the
-United States.- You pay too much for la
bor. 4tr has a bad effect. It causes a great
many of our laboring people to go' to the
United States to seek better waares : it makes
those discontented who remain at hojhe ;
they demand higher wures. and wo have
had to pay higher wages, in this country
this year than ever before." "Well." T
said, "that does not hurt my feelings a great
deal. I am very glad they get good wages
in tho United States ; I rejoice that the toil
ing men and women over here are trettinsr
I saw 'everywhere I went, especially on
the continent, women engaged in the rough
est naid liardest work. Women have to
bear heavy burdens there. I saw women
doing all kinds of hard work. You have
heard a great deal said by our women's
rights people of whonvl count myself one
about the right of women to work. Thev
have that-right in the Old World to their
hearts' content. rLausbter and annlanspt. 1
; i a -j
I am glad theft workingmen are complain
ing. 1 a&i glad the workingmen in Europe
are getting discontented and want better
wages and fewer hours. I thank my God
mat a man in tne unitea Ktates to-dav can
earn from three to four dollars in ten hours'
work! easier than he could forty years aero
earn one. dollar, toiling from twelve to fif
teen hours. The first month I worked after
I wasitwe'nty-one years of age I went into
tho.wpods, drove team, cut milblogs. wood.
rose in the morning before daylicht and
worked hard until alter dark at night, and I
received; lor it tne magnincent sum of six
dollars. ! .Each, of those dollars looked
BTAT23 OV KGhTli.CUnoU&A,
Raleigh, April 2d, 182,
T1W" following act is published for the in
formation.' of .the holders of bonds of the
State of North Carolina, , .. t
The undersigned, in compliance with the
requirements of the act, hereby invite pro
posals, to be forwarded to this Department
on or before the 10th day of October,. 1872,
for an exchange of the stocks of this State in
any Railroad company, or other corpora
tion, for tle bonds of the State. Said pro
posals must be sealed and endorsed 44 Pro
posals for Exchange of State Stocks.".
: It is deemed unnecessary to set forth the
details of exchange, as the act is explanatory
of itself. D. A JENKINS, ,
' State Treasurer.'
w. m, siiipp,
;' -;- W ' - Attorney General.
.-o In pursuance of An Act of the General
Assembly, ratified the 23rd day of January,
1872, I have caused to be published ; the
following certified copy of 44 An Act to alter
the Constitution of North Carolina. ..
f E. J. WARREN,
j President of the Senate.
January 24, 1872.
that to-daj" the laboring men of New (Eng
land fan stand up in South Carolina by the
graves oi Calhoun, ol iUeuunie, ol 1 ickcns,
of the readers of the slave power, who' pro
claimed free society a failure that free men
and women when they emerged from bond
age into freedom were classed
in four! sub
divisions, "tho hireling, tlve beggar the
thief, and the prostitute" and "look up
and bo proud in the midst of their toll."
We have made labor honorable, even in the
rice swamps of tho Carolinas and Georgia;
we have taken the brand of dishonor froni
the brow of labor throughout the country ;
and in .doing that grand work we have done
niorejor labor, lor the honor and dignity of
lalHiring men, than was ever achieved' by
all the parties that arose in this country
from the lime tho Pilgrims put their feet
upon Plymouth Ko k up to the 3rear 1800.'
Applause. j .
And that grand and immortal achieve
ment is not all. We have opened that 'eight
nunurcd tnousand square miles to tree la
boring men; they can go there now,1 they
are going there now. The German, the En-
glishman, the Irishman, the New England
Yankee, the man of the middle States, of
tne northwest, can go there now, engage in
tho mechanic arts, cultivate the soil, and, in
all tho pursuits of life, no longer feel tho
degradation that rested upon workingmen
when labor was extorted only by thq Jash.
Let the man who toils for wages, whether
in the mill, on the farm, or in the mechan
ic shop, realize what has been done during
these last dozen years to lttt from toil the
badge of dishonor, and to open the great
Sou tli, to the free laboring men of theworld.
Let him remember with grateful heart that
he owes it all, under Providence, to the lte
ptibliean party. j
The Republican party was brought es
pecially into being, and won the victory.
! when it elected Abraham Lincoln to save
the magnificent territories of the United
States to the free laboring men of our coun
try, their children, and their children's
children, "while grass shall grow and water
run." It saved that magnificent territory
to freedom. Auction-blocks, bloodhounds,
the lash, chains, manacles, cannot go there
now. They have sunk down to the place
from whence they came to the bottomless
pit, and the lower deep of the bottomless
The Republican party maintains the
policy of the small farms against the great
plantations. The Democratic party joined
with the South on that issue, as it did in
everything and on every issue. We passed
the homestead bill, and James Buchanan
vetoed it, and the Democratic party sup
ported him in that veto. Tho object of that
bill was to save the vast public domain to
landless men, that they might have small
farms, rather than that a few men might
have great plantations. We were dcfeat&l ;
but the first year the Republicari paftv
came into power, in the midst of the strug
gle for national existeuce, it passed the
homestead bill, and saved the public lands
to the free laboring men of this country
forever and forever. f
Hero to-night I point you to these mag
nificent achievements ; I point you to what
has been accomplished in these! twelve
years for the workingmen, tho mechanics,
the free laborers, the' men who j toil for
wages ; aud I say atrain to vou that those
; achievements surpass all that had been
, achieved in our country from the earliest
settlement of the colonies up to tho year IStil,
when Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated
; President of t hp United States. What claim,
; then, has the Democratic party to the vote
j of a workiugman in America ?. None,
none whatever. The workineman who
large to-ine as the moon, looked
On the farm on .which I served an appren
ticeship il have seen the best men who
ever put scythe in grass working for
from" fifty-, cents to four shillings a day
in the longest days of summer. Yester
day Ii visited that farm. I asked the
men hti were there what they paid, men
in hayng-time last summer, and they said
from tjWrt dollars to two and a half a day.
This wan' paid on tho same ground where
men Worked forty years ago for from fifty
cents foffour shillings, and. took. their pay
in farm products, not money. I have seen
some off the brightest women go into the
farm-houses and work for from fifty cents
to four-shilllngs a week, milking tho cows,
making;butter and cheese, washing, spinn
ing, anj weaving doing all kinds of hard
work;; ;JC was. told yesterday that many
young Tubmen were earning in the shops a
dollar aiday, and that those who worked in
houses were getting from two dollars and a
half alwDek to three dollars and a half.
In ibh, in the great debate in the Senate
on theS tariff, it was said by those who advo
cated protective duties that they had raised
the prjee-of labor in the United States so
that jcaveraged fifty cents a day. How is
it now?'--This winter is the most prosper
ous winter the United States has seen in its
historjy 4 : Everybody is at work. There is
very little suffering anywhere. Why this
'chanypl Why this improvement? It is
.bcvauVoJwe have smitten down the slave
system! : broken down the slave power,
lifted dp't dignified, and honored labor, and
tried lo protect and diversify our own in
dustrje.' To-day tho laboring men and
women Of our country are earning from
three oi four times as much in a day as they
couldiea'rh forty years ago, and a days'
workf shorter now than it was then. After
I had! learned a mechanical trade in the
place fwhore I now live I worked fourteen
and lU'tcen hours a day, month after month,
to earn Ibrty dollars a month. There are
hundreds of men there now who in ten
hours) can earn a hundred dollars more ea
sily tajf I could earn forty in fifteen hours.
I urn Kixjatful to God that this is so. I do
not e.fre, anything about a few men or cor
porations . piling up a. great amount of
money j The wealth of the Astors, the
Stewifrtfi and the Yanderbilits has no al
lulehjehts for me. I believe God made this
world torgrow good men and women, and
not tq pile up money. That is ray belief,
and Ih';intto see the men and women who
bear thft burdens and do the work have a
full sii-o of all they earn, and that an
honesH flays work shall alwaj-s have a fair
Garden Classical Schools,
HIALV A.D ,EJIAL.13,
OI413 COUNTY, K". " C
T.- S. WHITTINGTON. A. M..
riocinal. willopen the 7th Session the
.wth "July, and continue 20 weeks,
lioarjl, good families, near the Institu
tion, $$ier month all found except lights.
Tuitib from ?10 to 16.50. Contingent fee
fifty jbems. - - , ,
- Students coming by Railroad will stop at
Greensbbro', where conveyances will meet
then!, if jwe are advised of tho time.
Tef njsj cash, in advance.
:For particulars, address the Principal at
Gre'ejisl)t)ro N. C.
Juhfrij, l$7-2. 1 otpd.
AN A CTor Exchanging the ', Stocks of., the
State for Itonds -with which such Stocks
1 were obtained and for other purposes.
Sec. 1. The General Assembly of North
Carolina do enact: That the Public Treas
urer and Attorney General shall advertise
for six months in such newspapers as they
may select, and invite proposals for an ex
change of the Stocks held by the State in
any Railroad or other corporation, for the
bonds by which ! the State acquired such
stocks ; or any other bonds of the State (not
special tax) where the stock is not specially
pledged for the redemption of bonds issued
to such corporation ; such bids shall be
opened on a day appointed, and those terms
be accepted which may be most advantage
ous for the State ; Provided, That In no event
shall any of the said stocks be exchanged
for less than their pat value, or for less than
three bonds of same nominal value, issued
in aid of Chatham JTailroad, January 1st,
18C3 ; and provide "'her. No stock in the
North Carolina lti d shall be exchanged,
unless in the same offer it is proposed to
take twenty shares of stock in the North
Carolina Railroad, ten shares in the Atlantic
and North Carolina ' Railroad, and twenty
shares in the Western North Carolina Rail
road Company (Eastern Division,) and to
fay therefor two bonds Of one thousand dol
ars each of the State,! issued" to the North
Carolina Railroad ; under acts of 1848-'49,
chapter eighty-two,' or 1854-'55, chapter
miriy-iwo, one Dona or one thousand ; dol
lars, issued to the Atlantic and North Car
olina Railroad, under acts 1854-'55, chapter
two hundred and; thirty-two, or acts of
1850, chapter seventy-four and seventy-six,
and two bonds of one thousand dollars, is
sued to the Western North Carolina Rail
road (Eastern Division,) acts of 186G-'67,
chapter one hundred and six or in the
Sec. 2. That any Railroad or other cor-
E oration, which has heretofore received
onds of the State in exchange for bonds of
said corporation or person holding such
State bonds, shall be entitled to a surrender
of a bond of such corporation, upon the re
turn to the Treasury of any State bond of
equal amount, issued under the acts of the
General Assembly or. Ordinances of the
Convention, authorizing such exchange.
and upon a return of all bonds issued un
der any particular act or ordinance, the cor
poration shall be entitled to a cancellation
and surrender of any mortgage executed to
the State for securing payment of such cor
poration bonds, or State bonds ; coupons on
said bonds may be exchanged in like man
ner and cut off and retained on either side
to make equality. ,
Sec. 3. To facilitate the exchange proposed
in this act, the State does hereby relinquish
all claim for stock in the Western Railroad
above one million one hundred thousand
dollars, and surrenders to the said Company
AN ACT to alter the Constitution of
. North Carolina ,
Seo. 1. The General Assembly of North
Carolina do enact (three-fifths of all the
members of each House concurring),
That the Constitution of this State be
altered as follows, to wit : .
Amend section. six,.of the first article, by
striking out the first clause-thereof, down
to and including the word "but;" this be
ing the clause relating to the State debt.
Amend section two of the second .article
by! striking out the word "annually," and
inaorfi'ncf in licm tfiOT-Ort-f fhix -nrnrA f
.A.JA . AAV bUUA .VA, nuv 1 1 V ft.
ally;" being in reference to the
of the General Assembly.
Amend section five of the second article,
byi striking out all that precedes the words,
"the said Senate districts,'! and by striking
out the phrase 4 'as aforesaid 0' in said sec
tion ; the parts so stricken out having ref
erence to the State census. . ...
Add a hew section to the second article
toibe styled "section 30." and to read as
follows : 44 The members of the General As
sembly shall each receive three hundred
dollars as a compensation for their services
during their term, subject to such- regula
tions in regard to time of payment and re
duction for non-attendance as may be pre
scribed by law; but they may have an
additional allowance - when they are called
together 'In Especial:, session,- and mileage
shall be ten cents per mile JFor each session,.
- Amend section one of the third t article by
striking out the words "four years," wiiere
they, occur first in said, section, and insert
ing, in lieu thereof, the words "two years,"
being in reference to the terms of executive
officers. ' ...
Strike out the words "Superintendent of
Public r Works," wherever they occur in
the Constitution, thus abolishing that office. ;
Amend section six of the third article, by
striking out the word "annually," and in
serting, in lieu thereof, the word "biennial
ly," so as to - confoim to the provision re
specting the sessions of the General Assem
bly. (Strike out sections two and three of the
fourth article, being the provisions which
refer to the appointment and duties of the
Code Commissioners. ,
I Alter section four of the fourth article, so
that said section shall read as follows:
"The judicial power of. the State shall be
vested in a Court for the trial of impeach
nients, a Supreme Court, Superior Courts,
such inferior Courts as may be established
by law, and Courts of Justices of the Peace."
j Alter section eight of the fourth article,
so that said section shall read as follows :
"The Supreme Court shall consist of a Chief
Justice and two Associate Justices; rrovi-
aea, xnattms snail not apply to the justices
during their present, term of office, unless
by death, resignation, or otherwise, the
number of Associate Justices shall be re
duced to two."
j Alter section twelve of the fourth article
so that said section shall read as follows :
The State shall be divided into nine judi
cial districts, for each of which a judge shall
be chosen; and in each district a Superior
Court shall be held at least twice in each
year, to continue for such time in each
Amend seetiona eight and nine of the evr
entfc article, by striking out the words or
townships' 'where they occur in said 'sec
tions. , . ; 1,
- Strike out section three of tho ntnth nrfi.
cle, and in lieu thereof insert; the following:
" The General Assembly, shall " make suita
ble provision by law for the management
and regulation of the pfiblic schools, and for
perfecting the system of free public instruc-
Strike out section Jive of the ninth arti
cle, and in lieu thereof, insert the following:
"The General Assembly shall have power
to provide for the election of Trustees of
the University of North Carolina, in whom,
when chosen, shall be vested all the privi
leges, rights, franchises and endowments
heretofore in any wise granted to, or con
ferred upon, the Board of Trustees of said
University; and the General Assembly
may make such provisions, laws and rot?-
ulations, from time to time, as ;-ay be nec
essary and expedient, for the maintenance
and management of said University." ;
Strike out sections thirteen,! fourteen and
fifteen of the ninth t article, relating to the
University of Nortti Carolina,; Amend sec
tion ten of the eleventh article by striking
out the words 44 at the charge of the State,"
andin lieu thereof, insert the words ,'4by the
State; and those who do not own property
over and above the homestead and personal
property exemption prescribed by this Con
stitution, or being minors, whose parents
do not own property over and above the
same, shall be cared for at the charge of the
Alter section seven of the fourteenth ar
ticle so that said section shall read as fol
follows: 44 No person who shall hold any
office or place of trust or profit under the
United States, or any department thereof,
or under this State, or under any other
State or government, shall hold or exercise
any other office or place of trust or profit
under the authority of this State, or be eli
gible to a seat in either house of the General
Assembly ; Provided, Thai nothing herein
contained ; shall extend to officers in the
militia-, Justices of the Peace. Commission
ers of Public Charities, or Commissioners
for Special Purposes," , ; r
Add another section to the fourteenth ar
ticle to be styled 44 section 8," and to read
as follows: "County officers, justices of
the peace and other officers J whose offices
are abolished or changed in any way by the
alteration of the constitution, shall continue
to exercise their functions until any pro
visions necessary to be made by law in or
der to give full effect to the alterations, so
far as relates to said officers shall have been
made." . j
Re-numbefthe sections in those articles
from which any section has i been stricken
without the insertion of another in its
stead ; aud give to any new section that
number which by this method would have
been given to the section for which it is
substituted, ?nd the alterations shall be em
bodied into the constitution; and the sever
al sections numbered consecutively.
Ratified the 19th day f January, A. D..
I ; Should be taken for
, clisojLSP of tin?
I i I ; . Urinary Organs.
DR. .CROOK'S WINE OF T Alt !
r Should betaken for nil
Ihroat and Lung Ailments;
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR j '
v '. !'-'--RenovatesindJ
Invigorates the entire system.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
onoma De kept in every house,
j - . and its life-giving
Tonic properties tried by all.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OFTAR j
Restores the Appetito and I
I , Strengthens the Stomach.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR !
i Cures Jaundice,
! or any Idver Complaint.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR '
! - j -. Cures all Chronic Coughs,
.; and Coughs and Colds,
i , more effectually than any
i " ! ' - otherVemedy.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
' Makes Delicate Female,
... 1 who are never feel ing wel 1 ,
; . ; k . ! , Strong and Healthy.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
s llaa restored many persons
.;' ' J who have been
' y i t unablo'to wortrfbr yvantt-
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
Removes pain in Breast, Side or Rack.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAr"7"
Causes the food to digest, removing
Dyspepsia and Indigestion.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
Has cured cases of Consumption
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
All recovering from any illne.sH
i will And this the
1 I best Tonic they can take.
fiOHTllv rftSnftfltivplv n mo-rr 1o nrooni-iWl
two hundred and twenty-five thousand dol by law. ' The General Assembly shall lay
off said districts in due time, so that the
said nine judges may be chosen and begin
their official term at the first general elec
tion for members of the General Assembly
Which shall occur after the ratification of
this section." The General Assembly may
reduce or increase the number of Districts
to take effect at the end of each judicial term.
Strike out section thirteen of the fourth
article, which fixes the present judical dis
tricts. i . Amend section fourteen of the fourth ar
ticle by striking out all after . the . word
coupons now in State Treasury with
on a former exchange of Company
bonds for stock in said Railroad ; and also
the State does hereby relinquish all claims
to stock in said company above six hundred
thousand dollars upon the return to the
Treasury of the five hundred thousand dol
lars of Wilmington, Charlotte and Jtuther
ford company bonds, and coupons hereto
fore issued to said Western Railroad com
pany; Provided, That any person acquiring
a share of State stock in said corporation,
shall be entitled to all rights and privileges
with the priyate stockholders in voting, and
in the election fjC4h directors whose num
ber shall be determined by the stockholders
of said company. The State also relinquish
es all claim to stock in the Western North
Carolina Railroad above four millions of
Sec 4. That as soon as
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA,
Office of Secrexart of State,
Mdleigh, Jan. 22d, 1872.
I, Ilenry J. Menuinger, Secretary of State,
hereby certify that the foregoing is a true
copy of the original act on file in this office.
H. J. MENNINGER,
jan, 25. w6m. Secretary of State.
Wilmington North (Carolina
DR CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
i Has proved itself
! in thousand of reuses
, capable of curing all diseases of. the
I Throat and Lungs.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR -
Is an effective
regulator of the Liver.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
Should be taken to 6trenerthen and
build up your system.
'S WINE OF TAR
Makes Delicate Females,
who are never feeling well,
Strong and Healthy.
ROBERT II. COWAN,
JOHN W. ATKINSON,
F. II. CAMERON,
DR. E. A. ANDERSON,
the proportion of
snares oi scock ior wnicn tne State appoints
one director in any corporation, is exchang
ed, the right of the State to appoint such
director shall cease and determine, and one
director to be selected by lot shall be de
ducted from the number appointed on the
part of the State ; and upon acceptance of
this act by any corporation and such guar
antees given for its fulfillment as shall be
deemed sufficient by the Treasurer and
Attorney General, all further rights to rep
resentation by the State either by directors
or proxy, shall cease and determine.
Sec. 5. Ihat as soon as may be practica
ble, tne I'uoiic Treasurer shall receive the
bonds offered in exchange, and in the pres
ence of the Auditor and Attorney General,
shall cancel the same. It shall also be his
duty to transfer the stocks and execute such
conveyances of the other interest hereinbe
fore mentioned as shall be deemed necessa
ry, such conveyance to be in a fbjin ap
proved by the Attorney General.
Sec. 6. It shall be the duty of the Auditor
to make a minute bf what shall be done by
the Treasurer in the premises, and to make
therefrom such entries in the books of his
office as may secure a just accountability
on the part of the Treasurer because f the
transaction hereinbefore mentioned.
Sec. 7. The Pablic Treasurer shall make
special reports upon the subject of this act
to the General Assembly at every session.
Sec. 8. That this act shall be in force from
and after its ratification.
Katined the 1st day of February, A. D.
1872 r 44 wtd.
new York Office, ; 27; BEEKMAIT ST.
January 20, 1S72..'; 59 6m
PROOF PROVISION SAFES.
OF NORTH CAROLINA,
Thame, James A. lirame, and
supports the Democratic party, with its his
tory of forty years' hostility" to the equal
rigius oi minions or toiling men, Wnotonly
illogical and inconsistent, but indifferent
: and careless. I can seo how the lawyer, the
. manufacturer, the banker, even the farmer,
! who stands on his fee-simple acre mav
" i'trniwrjiiiu wckci, ou i j cannot see I
how the emancipated black man of the !
South can do it, or how the laboring white I
man wh. works for wages can do if.
Andrew Bowden, and Arabella G. Rowden,
''.bis w fe, James Stanback, and others.
Peiiti n to sell Land for partition.
Ths cause coming on to be heard, and it
appearing to the satisfaction of the Court
that Andrew Bowden and Arabella G. Bow
den, his wife, aro non-residents of this
Statd add supposed to be residents of the
State of Tennessee :
Orf motion of John ,W. Hayes, Attorney
for the -Plaintiffs, it is therefore ordered,
that publication be made for six weeks in
the Qardlina Era, a paper published in the
cit.y of Raleigh, N. C, notifying the said
defeacTatite of the filing of the complaint in
this btoi-eediug ; that the same is for sale, of
- 1 - . A . t 1 . . . .
ruai suie, ior paruiion amonssi me neirs
at lawfahd next of kin of Samuel Brame,
deceaspq, and that they make appearance at
the Ofljce of the Clerk of the Superior Court,
for G rah ville county, in Oxford, on or be
fore tliCth day. of Juhr next, and answer,
plead r demur as they may see fit. and
l that iipon their failure to appear, the prayer
order for sale wade according to law.
. -. ALVl ETXS, Clerk
Superior Court of Granville county.
l wfiw 1
A new article, made light and airy, cover
ed with fine woven painted wire, and are
entirely secured from the encroachment of
all insects, creeping or Jlying. They i are
convenient to ship, being nested together,
uiree in a nest. i :
Three sizes. : "
No. 1, Stained and Varnished,
No. 2, "ruv-r- - -
No. 3, " "
Grained Oak or Walnut, 50 cents
- each. -t
Also, L ARGESAFES, with deep Drawers!
ior lireaa ana uake; lined with tin: draw
ers lock. Two sizes, both large.
No. 2, with Drawers; $13, Stained and Varn j
No. 3, " i ir! " "
Grained Oak or Walnut, 50 cents extra each.
N. B. LARGE SAFES or Milk Houses
Can be taken apart and shipped in a small'
PURE SPARKLING WATER ! j
E. S. Fakson's' New Patent Water
b iltek and Purifier, is the only practical
Filter in use. They are made to lit in all"
sizes of Water Coolers. Persons having a
Cooler, have only to brinsr or send the inside
'diameter of the Cooler and get a Filter to fit
at a inning cost. Tbose not leaving Coolers
can be supplied with Porcelain lined or
Galvanized Coolers, of aujr size of our own
manufacture, at as low prices as elsewhere
and a Filter to fit These Filters entirely
remove all impuritiesand foul odors from
water infrassing through them. j i
Liberal Discount to Dealers. -H
E. S. FARSON,
No. 209 Pear St., Philadelphia, Pa.
May 10, 1872. 51 w3m.
'office," and inserting, in lieu of the part so
stricken out, the following: "The General
Assem biy snail prescribe a proper system
of rotation for the judges of the Superior
Courts, so thatTtfo judge may ride the same
district twice in succession, and the judges
may also exchange districts with each other,
as may be provided by law."
f Strike out section fifteen of the fourth ar
ticle, and insert in lieu thereof, the follow
ing : The General Assembly shall have no
power to deprive the judicial department of
any power or jurisdiction which rightfully
pertains to it as a co-ordinate department ;
but the General Assembly shall allot and
distribute that portion of this powrer and ju
risdiction, which does not pertain to the
Supreme Court, among the other Courts
prescribed in this Constitution or which
may be established bylaw, in such manner
as it may deem best, provide also a proper
system of appeals, and regulate by law
when necessary the methods of proceeding,
in the exercise of their powers, of all the
courts below the Supreme Court, so far as
the same may be done without conflict with
Other provisions of this constitution."
ij Strike out sections sixteen, seventeen,
nineteen, twenty-five and thirty-three of
the fourth article. ,
; Amend section twenty-six of the fourth
article by striking out all that part which
begins with, and follows the word "but" in
said section, and, in lieu of the part so
Stricken out, inserting the following:
"The judicial officers and the clerks of
any courts which may be established by
law, shall be chosen by the vote of the quali
fied electors, and for such term as may be
prescribed by law. The voters of each pre
cinct, established as is elsewhere provided
for in this constitution, shall elect two jus
tices of the peace for such term as may be
fixed by law, whose jurisdiction shall extend
throughout their respective counties. The
General Assembly may provide for the elec
tion of more than two justices of the peace
in thos9 precincts which contain cities or
towns, or in which other special reasons
render it expedient. Tho chiof magistrates
of cities and incorporated towns shall have
the judicial powers of justices of the peace."
Amend section thirty of the fourth article
:by striking out the word ' townships " and
inserting, in lieu thereof," the word " pre
cincts ;" also in the last sentence of the same
section, strike out the words " the commis
sioners of the county may appoint to such
office for the unexpired term," and in lieu
thereof insert "an appointment to fill such
vacancy for the unexpired term ' shall be
made as may be prescribed by law."
I Amend sections one and seven of the fifth
article, by striking out the words "commis
sioners of the several counties" where they
occur in said sections, and in lieu thereof in
serting the words, " county authorities es
tablished and authorized by law."
j otriKe out section lour of the fifth article
irelating to taxation to pay the State debt and
j Amend section six of the fifth article by
inserting after the word "instrument" in
o.iiu section me worus or any otner per
i Insert the word "and" before the word
i" surveyor" in section one of the 7th article,
and strike out the words " and five commis
sioners" in said section ; also add to said sec
tion the following : " The General Assem
bly shall provide for a system ot-county
government for the several counties of the
f Amend section two of the seventh article,
by striking out the word " commissioners "
'and in lieu thereof inserting the words
" county authorities established and author
ized by law ;" and in the same section strike
out the words, "the Register of Deeds shall
be ex officio clerk of the board of commis
Strike out section three of the seventh ar-
J W Atkinson, General Insurance Agent
115 Granger, President of the Bank of
New Hanover. ... - . -
F W Kerchner, Grocer and Commission
C M Stedmari, of Wright and Stedman.
T H McKoy, of W A Whitehead A Co.,
R H Cowan, President. i
H B Ellers, Commission Merchant.
A A Willard, of Wfllard Brothers.
W A Gumming, of Northrop tfeCumming.
G W Wrilliams, of Williams fc Murchison.
.JM1 Murray, of E Murray fc Co.
A J DeRossett, of DeRossett tfe Co.
Robert Henning, of Dawson, Teel & Hen-ning.
Alex Sprunt,- British Vice-Consul, of
prunt ana ninson.
P Murphy, Attorney at Law.
-J D Williams, of J D Williams & Co.,
Fayetteville. . :
Jas C McRae, Att'y at Law, Fayetteville
I B Kedy, Merchant, Kenansville.
J T Pope, Merchant, Lumberton.
DR: CROOK'S WINE OF TAR .
Will prevent Malarious Fevers,
i and braces up the System.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
Is the very remedy for the Weak
1 and Debilitated:
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
Will cure your Dyspepsia or
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
. ! Rapidly restores exhausted
DR. CROOK WINE OF TAR
! Should be taken if you feet
weak debilitated. , e
1st. No restriction on Residence or Travel.
2. No extra charere on the lives of Females.
3. Policies Incontestable alter Five Years.
4. Ttie Rates of Interest on the Funds of
the Company higher than ! those on the
Funds of Companies located in other States,
thus insuring larger Dividends to Policy
5. The Directors and Officers of the Com
pany are prominent NORTH CAROLI-
JNiAJNo, who are KNOWN j to be men of
1 JN TEGKIT x and WORTH:
6.. The Company is established on a solid
and permanent basis, steps having been
taken to increase the
CAPITAL STOCK OF $500,000.
7. ALL THE FUNDS OF THE COM
PANY ARE INVESTED IN TH IS STATE
AND CIRCULATED AMONG OUR OWN
PEOPLE. This fact should! commend tho
Company, above all others, to North Caro
linians. It is well known that hundreds of
thousands of dollars in Life Premiums are
annually ' sent North to enrich ; Northern
Capitalists, ;thus continually , draining our
Eeople of immense amounts which should
e.kept af honi'e. On this ground tho friends
of this Company confidently appeal to every
son of the Old North State, and ask their
support for this -1
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
j Has cured so many cases of i
I Asthma and Bronchitis
that it has been pronounced a specific
for these complaints.
DR. CROOK'S WINE Olf TAR
Gives tone and energy to
DR. CUqOK's'wiNE OF TAR T I
Possesses Vegetable Ingredients;
winch makes it the ;
. best Tonic ki the market.
DR. CROOK'S WINE OF TAR
Should be taken if your Stomach
is out of order.
PURIFY YOUR BLOOD.
D It. CROOK'S
Co mpoiind Syrup
DK. ('ROOK'S COMPOUND . . i
Builds up Constitution
broken down from !
Mineral or Mercurial Poisons.
which; while it oners substantially all the
advantages of Northern' Companies, helps
to build up HOME INSTITUTIONS.
AGENTS WANTED in every county in
the State, with whom the most liberal terms
will be made. Apply to 1
JAMES D. BROOKS,
. 1 General Supervising Agent,
or, THEO. Jf. HILL,
. ljocal Agent,
apr 24 wGm. Raleigh, N. C.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND i
SYRUP OF POAK iiOOT !
Should be taken by all
i - requiring a remedy j
1 to make pure blood.,
. ; . 1 i 4--, -- - !
DR, CROOK'S COMPOUND ...
SYRUI' OF POKE ROOT.
' Cures all diseases
depend! ng on a depraved cor. d i tion 1
... of tho blood.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND
SYRUP OE POKE ROOT,
i j Cures Rheumatism and
I Pains in Limbs, Bones, Ac.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND !
j SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.!
j Removes Pimples, Blotches,
I and beautifies tho Complexion.;
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND '
SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
Is the bkst Alterative
or Blood Purifier made:
WANTED AGENTS ! DK- Pmpound - . .;
I oxvux ur runi'i UOOT!
Cures Scrofula, '
j Scrofulous Diseases of the Eye I
j or Scrofula in any form j
$100 to $250 per month, everywhere, male
and female, to introduce the Latest improv
ed, most Simple and. perfect
tide, and in lieu thereof insert the following :
" The county authorities established and
authorized by law shall see that the respec
tive counties are divided into a suitable num
ber of sub-divisions, as con venient and com
pact in shape as possible, and marked out
by definite Boundaries, which may be al
tered when necessary. Said sub-divisions
shall be known by the name of precincts
riney snail nave no corporate powrers,
township governments are abolished
boundaries of the precincts shall be the same
as those which heretofore defined the town
ships until they shall be altered."
Strike out sections four, five, six, ten and
eleven of the seventh article, which relate to
the township system.
Shuttle Sewing Machine
ever invented. We challenge the world to
compete with it. Price only 18.00, and
fully warranted for, five years, making the
eiastie Lock stitcn, alike on both sides.
The same as all the high priced shuttle ma
Also, the celebrated and latest improved
FAMILY SEWING MACHINE.
Price only 15.00, and fully warranted for
five years. These mrhinp will KHtT
The Hem, Fell, Tuck, Quilt, Cord, Bind, Braid
The and Embroider in a most suDerior manner.
And are warranted to do all work that can
be done on any high priced machine in the
world. For circulars and terms, address S.
WYNKOOP fe CO., 2054 Ridge Avenue, P.
O. Box 2726, Philadelphia, Pa.
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND
. SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
Cures Scald Head,
Bait Rheum, Tetter.
! 4..,. !
DR. CROOK'S COMPOUND I
. SYRUP OF POKE ROOT.
: 1:11 raa sVIrl Js
j v uuiot, ious or, uicers.
Forj V Our Own FlreBlde." j'
An Illustrated Paper, 1G pages, published
Monthly.! Subscription price, ?1.50. Every
Subscriber receives a Valuable Clirbmo, A
Fruit Piece, which sells for fo. Send 2 cent
Stamp for Sample and Premium. List
Address I W. E. GUMP, Publisher,'
.! , - . - . Dayton, Ohio.