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0 / 75
- '- .. . m. si
; i , 7" - 7 . . .- . " .
For Uic Carolina Era.
Gov. Caldwell in McDowell.
Mk. Kditor: On yesterday) our
people were entertained by a splendid
sieeeh from our candidate for Gover
nor, lion. Tod II. Caldwell. There
was a ood atttendance, and our friends
an; well pleased and jubilant. Though
sick and feeble, for three hours he en
tertained and delighted the audience,
lie began by telling the people! that
ho was glad to appear before them;
that the people of McDowell county
knew him, and had supported him in
days gone by, and he was glad of the
opportunity afforded him to stand be
fore them his old fellow-citizens
among whom ho wa3 raised, and to
whom he was known since childhood
ami vindicate himself from the foul as
persions and slanders which have been
heaped upon him by Democratic pa
pers and speakers. He said he Jiad
iH-vn pronounced a tyrant and usurper,
an oppressor, and a violator of the law.
Jl le appealed to these people who had
known him in the past to know if such
-had been his reputation among them
by whom he j was best ami longest
known. He said tlito charges had
lKt'n heaped upon him by Democratic
pa ers and speakers.
He said these charges -had been
trumped up against him by partizans,
and by members of the last Legislature
litirau.se he had refused to obey the ;be-
lu-sts of that-.LegislatuTvin issuing a
proclamation for the election of dele
gates to an unconstitutional conven
tion, which they proposed, in violation
of law, to call, lie then referred to he
constitutional provisions on that sub
ject, and recited tho history of that
eventful period of last winter, and fiis
application to the Supreme Coirrt, and
"their decision ; of the matter, upon
which he had adted. He said that at
tempts had been made to dragoon hibo,
brow-beat him, and force him into
their revolutionary plans. But he said
thesepartizans In the Legislature did
not know him ; he would lose his right
arm, even suffer death, before he would
have violated the solemn oath he had
taken to support the Constitution of the
Upon this subject the Governor fully
convinced the jeople that what he had
dqno was right and proper, and the
only thing he could do under the cir
cumstances and in justification of his
oath. He said it was the proudest act
of his life, and one which he snoiild
cherish to his dying day a3 reflectihg
more honor on his public career thin,
any other, because the people held up
their hands and had endorsed his tac
tion by nearly ten thousand majority.
He passed then to tho question !of
taxation, and here ho was particularly
rough with tho worth, wealth and in
telligence, who had sneaked into tine
legislature of. 1870, by appeals to the
people on the per litem question, and
yet they - had done cVen worse, and
charged more than the Legislature Sof
'CS-'y. He told the people that it was
disagreeable to remind theso Conserva
tive leaders of their past history on the
question of taxation, high per rt'etiis
and low soldier rations. He said when
he referred to these questions, they al
ways wanted him to let "by goned be
by gones." They disliked to hear pf
it; they wanted to disown it; wanted
lO COVer up liiuir Miuri cuuiiiio n"
the veil of obscurity, and to hide for
ever from the gaze of men the history
of that disgraceful period in the annals
of the Democratic party, but that It
was-his duty to do so, and ho should
not hesitate. He told the audience how
tho Legislature of 180 1 had voted them
selves Jiffy dollars per day as Legisla
tors, while thev hid themselves behind
a four-foot rock wall in the Capital bf
the State on cushioned chairs, while
the poor soldiers got only eleven dol
lars per month, and were shelterless
and houseless, half fed and half clad.
cxiKsed to bullets in the trenches and
swamps of Virginia and Georgia, arid
how their wives, with the pitiful sum
of their month's wages, their blood
money, could only buy three pecks Of
corn to save their children from starva
tion, while their fathers went out to
die for the rich man's negro. He told
them how the men with twenty negroes
ilml.rod the conscript law. while the
poor man with six or seven white chil
dren had to leave all and go to the
front. Ho told them how his competi
tor, when Solicitor during the war, had
indicted fortv poor women in Yancey
county for taking one half bushel corn
each from the Confederate tithing
house, to keep their crying babes from
death, and refused to dismiss the cases
until hi fees in each case icere paid.
Ti r;rkvfrnnr pntirelv dissi tiated the
effect of Clingman's letter in behalf pf
Mcrrimou oa tiiuryiiiy u;uutii'
with being the author of the Railroad
Appropriation Bills, when he explain
ed the truth of that matter and the
of that consDiracv airain$t
flu Troas'irv and tax pavers of the
Slate. He showed that Clingraan and
Mcrrimon had concocted the Bins to be
passed by the Lregislature in the iutef
ost ofSwepson, that all of them were
prepared by them in Swepson's liank
inir House at ltaleich. and that after
thev had come into the Legislature he
(Jhc Governor) had only asked that,
that portion of the bills affecting the
Intern Division be modified, so as to
allow the Slate representation in the
tt.L-hrMnrs mooting filial to her in
terest in the road, and that there hail
lecn no stealing on this road. But that
so far as the Western Division was
concerned, he had not interfered with
it, and that it had come from the hands
of the .Legislature in the same form as
it had leen prepared by these genllo
men. He showed how Clingman had
loen the firm-fast friend of Swcpson-f-how
he had gone to Florida in the in
terest of Swepson to negotiate the trans
action by'wluch the State had last en
tirely tho appropriation made to the
Western road and how Clingman, who
was trell acrptainted with the whole
standing of the matter on Swepson's
resignation as President of the road,
hail offered and had passed by the Board
of Directors a resolution endorsing
Swepson and thanking him for the faith
fulness and honesty with which he had
'discharged the duties as President of
the road. This is not all, Mr. Kditor,
he showed how the prosecutions set on
foot tb punish theso men who had
swindled the State, had been dismissed
at the instigation of the Attorney Gen
eral of the State, Mr. Shipp. j
Space will not allow me fully to give
vouanideaof this great speech, this
ihaterly vindication of himself and
his party from the foul aspersions
which had been cast upon them. He
was among a people who knew hiiri,
and who knew what he stated was truth
and that he would say nothing but
truth. This is Tod R. Caldwell's char
acter here, where he- has been so long
known innong both Democrats and
Republicans and no man dare gain
Mr. Editor, the speech did great good.
It was effective, and impressve, and
more than ono of tho
snpport Merrimon covered as he is. all
over with inconsistencies of the gros
The great mistake of the Democracy
is in running a man that they cannot
endorse and whose conduct and career
is so unexplainablo and inconsistent.
He neither suits the Confederacy nor
the Union view of this issue. He has
lecn on all sides of all questions and
his record is that of a man at variance
with himself and everybody else, and
who agrees with nobody about any
First a loyal rebel in the war and a
distributor of 44 hard tack " to the Hat
teras expedition as Commissary under
Bill Johnson, Chief Commissarythen
a prosecutor and relentless persecutor
of absent soldier's wives in. Yancey
county, then an encourager of desertion
through the lines, and then after tltc
war, and after all the fighting is over
and everybody at home whipped and
submissive, a vile, bitter secessionist
arid tear' man, and an oppressor of re
turned Federal soldiers, his is indeed a
record unenviable and undesirable.
Mr. Editor, you will hear a good re
port from little McDowell, in August.
The beacon fires are blazing on the
mountain tops and our people are fully
flmiisfvl in tho imnendiner dancer, and
I will roll up sucli a vote a? will astonish
W - ... nr. a j a
you clown tne country, we liuenu iu
do it. Wo have had enough of the
Merrimon and Vancenuuenee in this
country, and the great estimate which
your people put upon their influence in
the west, is mistaken. Merrimon was
beaten for U. S. Senator on account of
his "war record" and will be beaten
for Governor, for the same reason, for
honest rebels who believe in the cause
which they espoused, cannot " go back",
on themselves to support a man who
in the dark days of their struggle did
all in his power to discourage their
efforts, and to ruin their hopes.
Marion, July -Jrd, 1872. j
For tho Carolina Era.
THE FOURTH AT OXFOKD.
Grand Republican 1 tally.
spKEcm;s neon no'. joiin
t. "t- A. SOUTH. COL. S.
CAUUOW, COL.. T. B. LP,
AND COL. I. J. YOITNG.
Tle DciMiKrralic Party,
ono im:ksons join in Tin:
Mn. Editor: The fourth of 'July
will long be remembered by the lie
publicans of this county. According
to announcement tho above named
gentlemen addressed a crowd or aDout;
2000 persons at Oxford on the fourth
inst. The speaking was in the beauti
ful oak grove of our true friendpDr. L.
C. Taylor as it would have been im
possible to have obtained any Indoor
accommodations sufficient for tho mass
of people in attendance. j
Col. S. T. Carrow opened the) dis
cussion in a short speech ot about forty
minutes, in a speech full of good sense
and good advice to the colored people
as well as the whites.
Col. I. J. Young followed next fin a
short speech urging his friends to stand
by Maj. Smith and the county nomi
nees and dealt some blows to such as
would create dissensions in the party
ranks in old Granville.
Maj. Smith next took the stand amid
applause and for one hour and a quarter
he held the audinence at one- time
laughing to excess and at another al
most crying over the ruin and desola
tion that Democracy had brought upon
the country. 1 ,
Hon. Jno. Pool was loudly called for
by the eager crowd and his, I feel that
all will admit, was the speech of the
occasion. A more complete and tri
umphal vindication of our cause could
scarcely be imagined. His speech was
replete with logic and eloquence and
brought down rounds of applause from
the assembled multitude. During the
Senator's speech about two o'clock a
heavy rain commenced to fall and so
eager was the crowd to hear hint that
they crowded the court house to its ut
most capacity and the Senator resumed
his speech and with telling effect upon
the Democracy. For three hours he
iraa listen vl to with crreat attention
and the few restless Democrats who J
heard it will ever remember the exco
riation given their party by our Senator.
Col. T. B. Long was loudly called for,
and I must say his sparkling wit: and
humor pleased the audience to such an
extent that although they had stood
for five hours and listened attentively
yet they urged him on, and his happy
fii,iitrQtinni)vnn fxnl otes brought down
L rounds of applause from the crowd.
ALT. JUllOr, yuu Uiu t-vmm. ui
S00 majority from Granville for the
State ticket, Maj. Smith and the county
ticket. , -8
Our friends are jubilant and count on
lars-e accessions from the ranks of the
Oxford, July 5th, 1871.
For tho Carolina Era.
TlTcKav and Waddell at Beaufort.
Editor of The Era: A very large
assemblage of persons was present to
day to hear the joint political Oiseussion
between Neill McKay, Jr., Esq.jand
A. M. Waddell, Esq., candidates ior
Congress in this District. Mr. McKay
made the opening speech and for one
and a half hours dealt severe and affec
tive blows upon his opponent, and the
Conservative-Democratic party. His
speech was generally conceded to have
been the ablest made at this place since
the campaign opened. I
Mr. Waddell replyed for the same
IntifrH nftimn in nnfi of the most bitter
sneeches I ever heard. He referred to
our illustrious President .as having
been before the war "a common
drunken Democratic slave holder,", and
denounced his administration, as Pres
ident, in the severest manner.? In
speaking of the ku klux organization,
Mr. Waddell said, " am only sorry
that . while they icere at it they did not
kill event damn carnet-baaaer in the
! Mr. McKay spoke for thirty minutes
Mn reply ana completely uemousucu
AVaddeii; tnis iactwasacKiiowieuge uy
all present who believed in argument
nave since declared that thev were
vinced and that though they might
vote for Caldwell, still thev will
TMr Waddell then maae tne closing
i expired the- crowd became disgusted
With Jiis4)itterness anaairrysioruas uuu
left, j He certainly indulged freely in
the contents of a little white pitcher and
drank the same out of a little red glas3.
j f A VOTER.
I Beaufort, N. C, June 20th, 1872.
For te Carolina Era.
I Mid Editor : The tune is here
.imiinkvhpn we see all the Democratic
paper$ speaking in all the affectionate
termsj of the working men, the poor
man, andno other party will ever be
oiany benefit but the Democratic
ju-tylj . .
j;Novr let us see how it works out. On
page 7j38 of Penitentiary Report, Moses
A 2 Bledsoe's evidence:
? Question. Have the salaries of Depu
ty Warden, Steward and-Physician
been increased, and the pay of the
Guards and overseers been diminished
u:nder hc management of the present
Hoard pf Directors, and If so, what was
toe reason therefor?
Tax i payers, mechanics, workmen
and laborers take notice of the answ er
of this I m maculate disciple of the Dem
?liviviit.i vf Committee.
I Answer : There has been no change
"in the pay of the Deputy Warden, the
siuary of the Steward nas Deen increas
ed two; hundred dollars a year. His
salary was increased for thei reaons, -
rl.st. That his duties are much more
jonerous than those of the former
j ; 2nd. He was made the only disburs
ing officer of the institution and requir
ed to enter into bond with good security
ibr the faithful discharge - of his duty
and the disbursement of the public
Tunds. His salary was increased two
handred dollars because his responsi
bility was more than correspondingly
increased, but his salary is still fifty
dpllars less than the former Steward,
i ; Tax payers, see how you save money.
The fortner Steward received $S00 for
his services as Steward and $250 as
Clerk toi the Board of Directors, in all
0Q thousand and fifty dollars, but the
black flag directors forgot to tell the
committee that this Board pays Mr.
Cofield Jive hundred dollars for his
sexvieesas Clerk to the Board. So un
der the old Board they paid one thou
'sand and fifty dollars, and under this
lioard they pay fifteen hundred dollars.
JTax payers, don't you see how you
are four hundred and hfty out of pocket.
Mechanics, laborers and poor men
note this, from the great mogul of the
Executive committee, xue pay ui iuc
overseers and guards have been dimin-
fcaied Decauseiireir puy vva urcu -w
high, th pay of the guards was one
dollar per day and it has been reduced
to twenty five dollars per month. The
pity of the overseers was five hundred
dollars per year and it is now four hun
dred and fifty dollars. The Board
tliought that their pay ought to be re
duced because bf the appreciation of
ifhe rurrencv and the decreased cost of
Poor men, it must have been a long
had and a hard heart that could have
concocted such reasons and proclaimed
. I -t a-. A.-r. t.'nvl 4hof vno
rilS own pasgrace iu me wuuu
dollar per day was too much for a man
I that walks 15 miles every day with a
musket, KTshooter, and carries a large
navy revolver no matter whether it
hails, rains, snows or blows, you will
find the lonely sentinel pacing his lone
some rouho while the officers are fast
tt3leep in jtheir beds, and one ooiiar was
tleemed too much. Why did they not
Hpply th same reasons to the officers
n3;wella4the men, as they have the
same advantage of the appreciation of
tjurrency and the decreased costs of
provisions, and tnree times iarg
amount?! But that is not the way of
that party, they holler fraud while
they grind down the poor man s wages,
iin'rl his fimilv eroes to bed on half fare
4nd often! hungry. I think you will
fee throubh this.
JNewle$ us seewno endorses mis star
vation oHthe poor men.
The following is the endorsement of
Mr. Bledsoe's testimony by a majority
tf tho. Ttnhrd of lJirectors :
T : We have read over the above testi
mony of Mr. Bledsoe, and we concur
iitall the statements ne nas maae anu
A An- 4V.im oa rnr mm. PXPPnt the
statements made in regard to the farm
Qt liasseib, Ilt'usuv; oo vo., " "
know notiiing." -w
C. H. COFFIELD.
For the Carolina Era.
Ibn. C: Cobb and Col. Carter in
. v fi
rw TitTrni Hon. C. L. Cobb and
hi a enm rkPtitnr. fJol. Carter, candidates
fhv rvm press from the first district, met
ih discussion here to-day. The result
a ' ii .1 i 1 Kna innroocorl Air
rlphator- and dis-
VAJUU O ltuuinu"u Z.'ri i rt
fthpointd the expectations of Col. Car
tels friends, who had previously led
to believe that tne uoionei was uuu
ri the ables debaters in the United
Slates. j , , .
i A large portion of Mr. Carter's speech
Consisted of a long list of charges with
out proof i Towards tne ciose, uuwev-
er, he attackea Jir. joud on mo ivu
Ivlux billoffered by him, and delivered
o'TMftct. tntirh in or anneal in behalf of the
Viiinocent freemen of North Carolina"
immureus xu uib aiuuh iuh.uhij
Urand fbT what?" "Why," said Col.
Carter, "for giving J. M. Justice a
TiIUMPo the head." Carter read
the sentences of the prisoners in the
Ku Klux cases, commenting upon them
&sxcessive punishments beyond all pre
cedent, j , a,
i&Ir. Cobb answered the charges, one
and all, with superior ability, and
when he quoted Horace Greeley on the
mi -wiiiv-sitnntinn. the effect was over
whelming. He explained with candor
vrcn. xsuuer's coiiuecnuu whu u
he introduced ; answered fully every
charge made in regard to tariff inequal
ities and taxation generally, and in
reCeienceio the remark of Col. Carter,
Tn?forv rMpftains were not like-
ly:to possess civil ability, he pointed to
AVashington ana jacicsuu, uanwuii
anji Taylor, in Republican Govern
mrnt, and Napoleon, Ctesar, and Char
lemagne, under imperial crowns.
' aken i altogether, Mr. Cobb.Jias
made a decided hit, and the writer can
rriira f Via finmra of Democrats present,
who declared that Carter fell short of
their expectation, and that idd nan-
aieu tne quesuou uiuooyx
"The crowd was composed of about
250 JJemocrats ana aooui, ouawpiiuu-
caps.!. I ." -, ' : ,. '
Carter's friends are somewhat dp
spfritedand Cobbs fiiends highly ela-
n ITho rlAforl Trnlr r-lfhr:itfXl the 4th
hire, and by invitation, were addressed
bv; Col. Carter, Hon. C. L.. Cobb, and
Willis Bagley. i.
niilertforrt, July Ath, 1872.
Hon. Oliver H, Dockery,
OF NOBT11 UAlWLJIiA,
In the House oj Representatives, March 3j
. 1S71, on the bill (Jilt 1326) to establish
'. a system of national education.
Mb. DociSeby. Mr. Speaker, the subject
of education is a commonplace theme, and
does not at this day admit an interesting
nrtmmfmt or novel idea even. Its advant
ICUt HI livy x.- - - - ' "
ages are univeni"j iwuguueu, x
S O I ITT tAnr
modern civilization imperatively aemanas
its agency. This is emphatically a utilita
rian ace, and knowledge is essential to suc
cess. Intelligence belongs of right to our
race and its absence seems unnatural and,
violative of our law of being. The human;
mind, Divine in its origin and created fori
hiwrhf fnr afction. fr, usefulness is sus-
ceptible'of boundless expansion, unlimited
comprehension, and high culture, and its
neglect is unmanly, criminal, and sinful.
Icuoraneo'and vice are pestilential weeds,
which inflict the body-politic with noisome
exhalations; poisoning the atmosphere and
checking the healthful growth of all those
principles which adorn, ennoble, and digni
fy man. Bv careful tillago and prudent
husbandry this unsightlr herbage can be
speedily eradicated, the rubbish removed,
and the virgin soil Enriched and beautified
with comely plants, pleasant to the eye,
agreeable to the. taste, and serviceable to
our species. - . , . ' x
' Our country in this her time of sore trou
ble needs the best intellects and active ener
gies ot her people developed to the fullest
extent, compatible with opr necessities by
a thorough system of intellectual improve
ment ; and iii order to secure this great end
the Government should aid materially in its
consummation. The sctool-houso, in fu
ture the beacon-light of American society
and -tkpoiatr:a-Sr -political. .firmfc
ment, should d?t our land as mile-posts
upon the highway, evidencing a determina
tion of purpose sure of success. With the
rising generation thus systematically taught
and morally educated, our country will
present to the world the pleasing spectacle
of a people free, united, intelligent, and
happy, duly appreciating the advantages
of wholesome legislation In an impartial
administration of just laws, regardful of
the public interests, philanthropic, patriotic,
In many States of Jhe Union the system
of common schools is now well organized,
and is productive of the happiest results,
inviting immigration by the free bestowal
of educational facilities, the assurance of
kindly reception, and the certainty of re
munerative labor. In all this we rejoice,
for sectional or individual prosperity tends
directly to the advancement affd well-being
of the whole country. But, Mr. Speaker,
other States are less happily situated, and
imploringlv ask aid of the Government.
In the southern States mainly is this the
case. By the late unfortunate civil strife
all has been lost. The South emerges there
frnm -rw-iwAriAss nonnilftss. naralvzed. Her
educational fund has oeen swallowed up in
the vortex or political convulsion, leaves
likewise a heavy indebtedness of State and
people. Her political, her social, her nnan-
cial status nas Deen iunaameniaiiy jwhuuci
ed. The chango bears heavily, for it cost
her her all. She recognizes with calm re
signation her hard lot, and pleads willing-
ness but maDuiiy to meei prompuv tuuu
grave responsibilities recfuired of her by
Hmpnt. in the? organization' of
common schools for the benefit of her sons.
This demand is just, and is cbeertuiiy. con
ceded and must bo fully met.
Yet, Mr. Speaker, bear in mind the re
sults of the war- in the impoverishment of
the country by tho liberation of the slave,
in liia aUvatinn to ritizenshin. in the urgent
and pressing necessity oi lmmeumw aneu-
tion to jpis eaucauonai wauis, Buwuiug uii
pressiv burdens upon a few property-holders
without adequate means at best to look
after the interests of their own household,
much less the mental training oi tne cnn-
dren of their late slaves. I repeat it, thej'
are unable to accomplish, however willing
they may bo to undertake this work. Four
millions of human beings are by law en
fmtifhiswl. Yesterday slaves, worth thou
sands of millions of dollars, to-day freed-
men. Yeateraay 'enaiteis, w-do uuuguv
and sold, to-day American citizens poor,
penniless; yet, for the safety of society and
their own well-being, to bo educated with
all the rights and privileges of the proudest
of the land. ; This is certainly a remarkable
event, anomalous in its character and un
precedented in history, and most assuredly
entails uponine uovcruuieut giavu juii
sibilities, which it should meet, and meet
manfully and promptly. Perhaps all the
rights of a political and civil'character nec
essary to the individual happiness of these
wards of Government have already been
conferred, both by legislative enactment
and amendment to our organic law ; but,
in order to a correct appreuianuii ui tucoo
inestimable privileges, the Government
should go a step further, and afford that aid
to educational improvement which the wel
fare of the new voter demands.
Ours is a Government of the people, maae
by and for the people, and must partake
necessarily, in its elementary anu repiesuu
fat.ivn onnnrMtv. of the habits, desires, and
character of the people; hence, the absolute
importance oi weu-cureciea leguuauuu.
property, and rights political and civil, but
to the iree ana generous Destowai ui eu na
tional advantages essential to intelligent
iHxenshin. Tn dfisnotie Governments this
precaution is perhaps unnecessary, for the
people are dui automatons, ami id ouujc
in both person and property to the wrhim
and creed of their rulers r but with us the
rulers are but public servants, and must
respect the ties of humanity, the regards oi
tho rAndition of their stew
ardship to the people, the sovereign source
of all authority, me oauot-uo. is wuu
the sure index of public sentiment and the
stavand supportof our liberties, judiciously
guarded and intelligently used, or the
medium, wantonly ronoeaoi it ueau
power, bv which this grand fabric must
tnnin nrwi full "Pfinliarlv American in its
characteristics, this valued right should be
securely hedged in with intelligent cousiu
eration and thoughtful reflection.
How, Mr. Speaker, are we to effect-these
desired ends ? The universal answer to this
important query is, by a general diffusion
of knowledge among tne masses of our
people of every color and race. Then, the
practical question presented for our consid
eration is the mode of its accomplishment.
The bill under review is tb me objection
able In many points.--' Itt tho first place, it
undertakes to do too much, and fiom the
very nature of things must fall. It essays
the establishment of a mammoth school
sT-stam for thirtv-seren States, with great
Hiuor-eitv rf r-limatp .' hetejoceneousness of
nharaMpr siTirl divrrcrenceL. of interest: a
people of every creedi of every color, and of
every snaoo oi uouguu xm prujb,
ever handsome in speculation and fruitful
of rhetoric, is to mV mind impracticable,
incumbered, as it necessarily must be, with
embarrassing complications, political dif
rArona! onH lrwal rri udices. llv this bill
thA PrRsidfent is vested with almost unlimi
ted nower in the nuihber and character of
d . natronatre whfch in in-
fiuence clothes him with omnipotent au
thority, not only conflicting dui aangerous
in the extreme as successive Administra
f contrarietv of nolitical
views, come into power. Why, sir, this bill
is so minutely irameo w w cwme mm auu
his superintendents with untrammeled per
a nositive iniunction. to desiir-
nate the text-books even to be used in these
schools, by which any sentiment oi pontics
or tenet of religion can be fundamentally
o nri onthnritativfilv implanted in the minds
Vixorta nf f Vio future irenArAtinns whip.h
OUU wuw " 1 1
are successively to control the. destinies of
our country. , .
otf iW orlrHfiOtl to this Tin nfH'OSSflrV
UUD OiJ i rk-- ' .
exercise of power, the system and extent of
taxation is likewise, ODjecwonaDie. xn some
nf stAtAs. enriched by the war. this ob-
iAftion mav be of no force ; but with us of
the South, ruined by the war, yet heavily
im -rTi w'rfh individual indebtedness and
the weighty taxes necessarily incidental to
a reorganization of our sstate governments,
the people are entirely unprepared for the
y uicuu "o" j j
its exaction would be oppressive in the ex
treme. Ages or ton are necessary to recu
ruratA her desolated fields and regain her
nnrA nrou I S condition! of abundance and
Rnlfindor. ( I
Tlion sir. in view nf the surrouridinsrs. I
nT-nnrtan a. RnVitifntA fir the bill of the com
mittee, which donate for commop school
' , f a a
purposes, ana " fQr rf otner purpose wnai-
ssoever," . a quantity oi janu, to uo pwt-tnni-.h
Kl,.atr. enual to seventv-five
thousand acres for each Senator and Repre
sentative in uongress unaer ine appuiuir
mentof 1860. Tliis bill is predicated mainly
on the act ot Congress entitled ' An act do
An to the several States and
H Territories which may provide colleges for
the benent oi agriculture anu uio uicvuauiv
arts." approved July 2, 1862, and is subject
. . a ; a: A 1 n-wrlaiima oa
ut tne same wnumutis
that act. Tlie advantages resulting from
ntinn nf this trust fund
. utu ijait" "V-J" - .
hrvo in manv of the States been marked.
and positive, and whether viewed in the
light of benevolence or as a matter 4of right,
d thn admiration of our
people, and will inevitably, in the develop
ment of our resources, in the stimulation of
our productive weaiin, return iuou
able interest into the nation's coffers.
This bill, Mr. Speaker, it will be observed,
recognizes all the gurantees necessary for
the protection of the growth and develop
ment of the new States in which these lands
lie, interdicting the location of any of this
scrip upon mineral lands; contains also a
limitation of amount subject to location in
each State, and, furthermore, withholds the
right of location until the lapse of one year
from the passage of the-act. '
I The fourth, however, is the material sec
tion, which defines and prescribes the regu
lations controlling this fund. In the first
place, all mpey thus derived shall be 44 in
vested in stocks of the United States, or of
the States, or some other safe stocks, yield
ing not less than five per cent upon the par
vainonfcai'il RfrwVks. and that the monevs so
'invested shall constitute a perpetual fund j
... . t 111
the capital OI wnicu snail remain luicver
nndiminichoH anrl t.h a i ntfvrfist thereon shall
i bo inviolably 'appropriated by each State to
'Yi uniiAwmoTit snnruirt anff maintenace''
tUV T v.t-Y ;
' m l . . I 1 'A. T . J
ot common scnoois inrouguoutour uuruere,
j"in such manner as the Legislatures of the
States may respectively ' brescribe." .
I : xuUy o&x, la l.ll mill ww, - -x - -
Commendable nroiect. vet feasible and com
prehensible, and withal econonfical. The
jliovernmeni oi ns-aounaance grauw iaj mo
States, many of them poor and aepenaent,
thoca lanris armrriTi niatiflO- tWentV-five
million acres, for the most laudable pur
pose, which is in itself a means of protection
to tne ju Yuriniic.it, tia wcu a
y.if i.pnpfit trt thn nitizen. The whole sub-
iect of education under the bill is left to the
States, where it rightiuiiy Deiongs, me
prgfinization, ciassincauon, anu geuciai
rangement, as each may for itself determ
ine, suiting the details tnereoi w iuo uauius,
timnSMIilPTlt will and inclination of the
people ; with no complicated machinery of
disjointed parts, or incongruous provisions
OI UOUUUU1 JJlUpilClJf , VYlluuuuv'n-"6-'
schemes of uncertain utility, or rickety con
cern bf short duration ; but schools perma
nently established ' with a permanent en-
. j -i i av 3
dowmentiuna saieiy mvesteu anu wuuum
Vministflrfid. indeDendent of the fluc
tuations of trade, uncertainties of business,
and stringency or easiness oi mo money
market ; herlce, in its supply uniform and
regular, adapted to the wants of tho people,
simple and acceptable to all.
(Mr. Speaker, with much piopriety can
the old States demand consideration at our
hands. At the close of the revolutionary
war, with a view to narmony anu uuuuiiii
tion, these public lands of great value were
voluntarily and without compensation ce
ded to the General Government for the
"common use and benefit" of all the States,
to prevent sectional jealousies, paralyzing
divisions, and an alarming discontent,
threatening our national unity and internal
concord. These States were then rich in
soil'and extent of territory,- but preferred a
common country and a common flag to dis
membered States, with dissensions, contro
versies, and strifes. Freely and fully they
rriade the sacrifice, and gladly have they
welcomed State after State into the Federal
Union, now composed of thirty-seven Estates
rMo.ni v tho fruits of that natrimonv so een-
efously bestowed as a peace-offering on the
altar of our country. :
; AVith the new estates xne uovernuiuu. uas
been extremely liberal and properly, too
in its grants of lands, which have secured
immigration, invited the capitalist, and
stimulated industry, uarge grauw u..0
already been made in them all for educa
tional purposes. All of the old landed
States .re entitled to the sixteenth section
in each township, which is the tnirty-sixtn
part of the entire area of those States. The
newer land States receive, I believe, the
sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections, making
phe eighteenth part of their entire territory,
cr. i-. -..v. nnrnnsfis alone, besides larere
quantities for raibroads,colleges, homesteads
A - 1 A 1 1 l ml.-.
swamp lands, ana otner iouai puiusco.
rrUaaa immpnsfl c rants have established
schools on a magnificently broadand firm ba
sis, built railroads, dug canals, developed the
country, remedied tne evus oi uuavy uta.
fiflrod the investments of labor and
capital remunerative and satisfactory. All
this nas ueen whu iue tuuotui, uj
m-m'i-Q niri Kfatoa. Nnw. in return, thev ask
help, and many of them are surely in need
- a v.. ,1 - V5a 1.511 o firn vntn. rtist.n-
Oli It. ict UUUCi . -v
bution among all the States, the new and
favored incnided, is proviaeu ior.
i Tfiml. sir. in the forthcoming report r f
the Land Commissioner an elaberate state
ment of the location and area oi puDiic do
main, amounting in the aggregate to the
eiiormous quantity of 1,308,115,448 acres yet
uiisurveyed, and of course unoffered and
,,,.;cnnce rr Out of this immense terri
tory the small pittance asked for in this bill
would be unKnown anu uuieit. uu jour, j.
proper management what mighty results
.A,fl J ir.ilol.lTr fnllnw ! 1 .V thlSaDOrO-
nriation the fouudation of an educational
system may db consumieu yi i ,1
tnttia macod nt r.np nmnie. in a lcucioiuu-
fusion of knowledge, and which, from the
r. ,1 mm.;ly- -r,rI 1 1 11 1 fl TV. !1 1 -
iorce oi emuiauuu anu hkx, " -
i.!iQOi tn a i.io-hpr ftrdftr of mental culture.
e liio-iior sfinso of moral obligation and res-
ndnsibility and trust. By this means you
rati in tno Koutii restore uouuuuuuu. cuwux-
. . . . i j . rii . jl tr -v n i
t stimnlato the uncon-
a, u - m
oi-rari sTnifn a nnmrnendabie desire OI
.mc'nai anrl mental viffor. create a new
order of things, resulting in mat rewusu uy
tidn which is genuine and heartfelt, found-
ea; upon Kinaness. regaiu, w.x.
jj C. LOGAN HARRIS, Editor.
! 3- All Letters relating to Subscriptions or
j .....r..o mnct he addressed to WM. M.
rvLv t ua..v.kj, ... w
BROWN, Business Manager.
All Registered Letters can be sent at our risk
T tlUKSD AY, JUIiY 11th, 1872
Local, State and General Items.
I ' .
i Senatorial Candidates. Messrs W M
Mpore, of Yancey, and J M IsbelUof Cald
well, are Reiiublican
Senate in 36th District.
candidates for the
ABdSetstnt District Attornev.-s-We learn
that Major Marcus Erwin has been ap
pointed by the Department of Justice, As
sistant to the United States District At
torney, for the Western District of North
j To be completed. The Greensboro'- Pa
triot is glad to learn that at a meeting of the
Trustees of the Methodist Female College
at that place, held at the commencement at
Trinity, it was decided to proceed with and
complete this building forthwith.
ITTlie Bar Room Kemedy for weakness
of the stomach is a dose of Rum Bitters.
They are surcharged with Fusil Oil, a deadly
element, which is rendered more active by
tlii pungent astringents with which it is
combined. If your stomach is weak, or
your liver or bowels disordered, tone,
strjengthen and regulate them with Vinegar
Bittkrs, a pure Vegetable Stomachic,
CORKECTtVE and Apebient, free from
aicjohol, and capable of infusing newyitality
inio your exhauste.l and disordered sys
tem. 1 4w-
Ucclionw mt Ihc Supreme Conrt.
The Justices on Monday afternoon deliver
ed opinions in the loiiowing cases : ..
By Pkabson, V J : ;
C W Sanders' vs Henry Jarman, from
Carteret error. ; Venire de novo.
" Henry Jarman vs R W Ward, from Ons
low. ' Remanded to court below.
McOombs and Wallance, admr's, vs X
C Railroad Companyj from Mecklenburg.
Error. Venire de novo.
Ijuke Blackpier vs A J Phillips, from
Rowan. No error. Judgment affirmed.
Br Rkade, J i j '
" J F Seymour & Co vs Cohen and Harris,
from Wayne. ,1 Error. Judgment reversed.
Miss Mitchell vs Mariana Mitchell and
her children, from Hertford. Error., Or
der reversed. .
C B Ogbuen vs Chas . Teague, from For
sythe. No error. Judgment affirmed.
J E Brown, adm'r vs W M Smith, from
Mecklenburg. " Judgment reversed and
venire de novo, j a , ,
By Rodman, J : .
State vs W II Jones, 'from Forsythe.
Judgment affirmed. ' . . ,
. T H Pegram vs Sam'l Stolts, from For
syth. Error. Venire de novo.
Isaiah Coble vs P R Harden, from Ala
mance. No error. Judgment .affirmed.
. JS Maxwell, adra's vs T T Max well et aU
from 'Davie. Error. Judgment reversed.
By Boyden, J : '
John Hughes vs Francis Merritt and
wife, from Jones. Judement reversed and
j udgment for plaintiff.
' "W R Albright vs J G Albright from. Ala
mance. Error. Venire de novo.
James . G Do wd vs S W Seawell. from
Moore fMcr erjox vMigBaixt. amriaea.
3I -Conly vs F Hall, from New Hanorer.
No error. Judgment affirmed,
Wilmington Life Insurance Company
Its Oflicers. Speaking of this Company,
and its officers, the JRobesonian says:
41 The ranid increase of business of the
Wilmington, N;C, Life Insurancy Company
is most gratifying to the friends of that
voung but vigorous institution. We learn
that the number of policies issued within
the past four months has been more than
double of the number issued by the Com
pany during: its whole previous existence.
This extraordinary success is largely attri
butable to the energy and efficiency of Maj.
F. II. Cameron, the secretary, ana j as. x.
Brooks, Esq., General Supervising" Agent,
officers of whose distinguished services any
Company might be proud to avail itseii.
The surest means of promoting the pros-
Eerity of our State is in sustaining and
uilding up her institutions. So long as we
continue to patronize nortnern institutions
to the neglect ol our own so long as every
dollar of surplus money is sent out of the
State so long may we expect our own State
to languish, and our own people to lag be
hind in the march of prosperity and im
Meeting: on Saturday Last. Owing to
a heavv press on our columns, we are com
pelled to omit our report of Major Smith's
speech, and our editorial notice of the Wa&e
county nominations. Suffice to say, that
Mai. Smith's speech was a masterly effort,
and will do incalculable good. The Repub
lican ticket will command the enthusiastic
support of the party throughout the county.
Wake will give several hundred Republi
irriT?TTfi!TTi'T?.a S A T.TS CIV VATJTATIT.E
X Real Estate in Western North Carolina, j
jxv -iHrtne of a Deod of Trust to the under
pinned, dulv executed by George W. Swep
son and wife Virginia B. Swepson, on the
5th day of July, 1870, we will proceed to sell
at Asheville, in the county of Buncombe,
- . . i . A lOTO 1.
on the lutn aay oi Aujjusk, wi-j, w iuo
highest bidder, the following iteai Ji-staie,
rlfid half interest in the lot in
VUV uuu m.ii-' -
Asheville, knoAvn as the Eagle Hotel prop-
,u. fVio Hnil-linc'ss; andannurtenances.
tho said lot containing twelve acres. This
House is very favorably situated and con
tains over hlty rooms, some oi wmcn are
large and commodious.
Also, at tne same ume anu piauo mo iui-
lowing Tracts of Land in the county oi
t Tho wpll known farm formerlv owned
bv Gid Morris and on both sides1 of Valley
River consisting , oi severa, wunguuus
tracts, containing 1,600 acres more or less,
600 acres oi wnicn wm uo iouuu mat, i-iaa
bottom land, these tracts were conveyed to
Geo. W. wepson, uy uiu xvauijtis u j,
W. Morris. , ,
II, The Charles Moore farm, also on v alio-
Pivpr. and near theabove Morris, farm,
containing about 600 acres, chiefly bottom
land. - , ' . .
ttt Tho David Hennesea places, on the
same River, consisting of three contiguous
tracts, containingiu an aooutoo awus vox y
fine farming iana, mosuy uuttuiii.
IV. Two other tracts on the same River,
containing 363 acres formerly owned by E.
V. Sharpe, and known as the Piercy landF.
j V. An undivided half interest in six.teen
ijninni traffa mi tho same River, held
iointlv with the heirs of John Suddith, on
. m m n . J 1 , J
which are much vaiuaoie laruimg anu guiu
VI. One nunarea acres on uum mcs ji
Cheoah Mountain ; anu an uuuivmcu muu
interest in a hundred acre tract adjoining
?: . .3 AiiAA ttii'nl in o RA(
the auove ; uuu au uuumucu uixu .
acre tract, on the waters of Burgan's Creek,
on the JNortn side oi jneoau iuouuuuu.
VII. An undivided half interest in about
20,000 acres of Mountain lands, held jointly
with Mercer Fain. v
VIII. About 62,000 acres, lying in many
adjoining grants, situated in the Mountain-
,mo T..i!t--int-. nf Afapon fiOiintv.
IX. 90,000 acres of land in one body, lying
partly in Macon, outprincipauyinvyaerueo
and known as the Olmstead lands,
-v ihnnt so nnn ncrps in Clav and Chero-
min(iaa fnnvovpH Tut .Tosenh Keener
HCC WUiiy w w J v m " J IT '
to the undersigned as trustees of the afore
said Geo. VV. a wepson. .
XI. The Jarrett place, well improved, on
m.V ... m . T-. ; Hrnj.l-1 nrtll TltmT rrl t M 1 T".
xantinaia xvivex i i.xv;vi vuuij t
i-ne oVxvnt. 4nft 9frfiSS.
111 wvm A I
vtt rrua Tir Wondfin nlaco. near Frank
lin, in Macon county, well improved and
containing about 300 acres.
XIII. 1,943 acres, lying along and near
v. Tonnaccoa linn and a tract of 274 acres
on the waters of Nantihala, all in Macon
county. i , . . .
ytv Tim folio wimr. tracts in Jackson
1st. 3,000 acres on the waters of Tuckasiege
ntt-m- I i n cr orrnnt Tfci. 1)66. ' ''
2nd. 2.567 acres on the waters of Deep
inlr nor fTT-n n t. "No067.
3rd. l,0zo acres on vne wnia i
ing grant No. 968. . . -
4th. 1,280 acres on Mingus' Mill Creek and
Oconalufty River, being grant No. 969.
5th. 10,580 acres on the waters of Soco,
being grant No. 970. .
All the above mentioned lands, being sit
uated in a fine grazing region, well watered
and in a most healthful locality, offer rare
inducements to persons wishing to enter
into grazing, stock-raising or dairying
business. . , , .
In andition to the above lands, we will
offer on the 21st day of August, , 1872, at
Catawba Station and in the county of Ca
tawba. N. C, an undivided half interest in
the several tracts of land in said county
known as the Marble and .Lime Quary
lands, owned jointly by Dn Powell and
Geo W. Swepson, and including the Lime
Kilns and several adjacent farms, all which
will be said in parcels to suit purchasers.
The terms of the whole i of above sales
will be one-third cash on day of sale, and
the remainder at six months, with note
bearing interest from day of sale, with
titles retained till all the purchase money is
paid. . ,
The sales will be continued from day to
day if necessary till the whole of the lands
shall be disposed of.
For further particulars address C. M.
McLoud, Attorney at Law, Asheville, N.
C, or the undersigned, Trustees at the same
Ptsi Office. .. .
N. W. WOODFIN; ;
N. W. PULLIAM,
. Trustees Ac,
july 11. 14 WtYtriwlawr4w.
La e j
Congressional Canva. Maj. Wm. A. '
Smith and' Hon. Sion II. Rogers, candi
dates for Congress, will address the people
at tho following times and places :
Oxford, Saturday, 13th July. .
Henderson, Monday, 15th Julj
Brasfield's, Thursday, 18th July. 1
- , franklin ! . Vj; . , v
Franklinton, Tuesday, lGth July.
Louisburg, Wednesday, nthJuly
: '. NASH. ! ' '
, Nashvjllo, Saturday, 20tb July, ,
' Sullivans, Monday, 22d July. " - -,
. - ' . : WAKE. J" ' ;
Rolesville, Wednesday, 21th Julj.
Auburn, Thursday, 25th July,
5 JOHNSTON. '
Claytoii, Friday; 2Gth July.
Smithfield, Saturday, 27th July. ,
Ingram's, Monday, 29th July.
Meadow, Tuesday, 3Qth J uly. i .
Oneals, Wednesday, 31st July.'
Second Congressional ' District lie .
pnbllcan IQIassOIeetings ! Hon, C. R.
Thomas. Republican candidate for Congress.
will address tho people of the 2nd Congres
sional District of.Nprth Carolina, at tho folv ,
lowing times and places:.- J v .
Trenton, Jones co., Thursday, , July 11. .
Kinston, Lenoir co., Saturday, July 13. ' -Snow
Hill, Greene co., Tuesday, July Ifl.
Wilson, Wilson co., Wednesday,' July 17.
Jackson, Northaxhnin co., Frld'y July 17
Weldon, Halifax co., Saturday, July 20.
Warrenton, Warren;co. Tuesday, J uly 23.'
Goldsborp'.-Wayn'e goTRursclay, July 25,,
Tarboro,, Saturday . Jvuiy .. ..
New Berne, Craven op.; Tuesday, July 30.
-Time will be cheerfully divided with W.
II. Kitchen, Esq,., Democratic candidate for "
Congress, or in his absence, with any other -Democratic
Speaker. v .
County committees will make arrange
ments for the above moetings.
THOMAS POWERS, Chm'n..
' Republican District Committee.
mi A made from 50 cts. Call and ex
tpllj amine or 12 Samples sent (post
age free) for 50 cts. that retail quick for $10.
R. L. WOLCOTT, .
1 ivv. 1S1 Chatham Square, N. Y.
MONEY with Stencil and Key
Check Outfits. Catalogues, samples anu
full particulars FREE. S. M.. Si'ENCKR,
Free to book agents.
We will send a handsome Prospectus of
our New Illustrated Family llible contain
ing over 450 tine Scripture Illustrations to
any Book Agent, free of charge. JVddross
National Publishing Co., Phila., Pa.;
Atlanta, Ga.; or Memphis'; Tenn. 1 4w
I I ; '
Agents Wanted 'for tho AUTOBIOGRA
PHY of - ' I
or Recollections of a Busy Life. Illustratet!.
The Life and Times of so great a Philan
thropist and Reformer, cannot fail to interest
every true American. .Send $3.50 for sam
ple py.. E.B. TREAT, ;
l4w Pib. 805 Broadway, N. Y,
JTiNG." How either sex may fascinato
and gain the love and affections of any per-'
son they choose, instantly. This slmplo
mental acquirement all can possess, free, by
;i i tnrrathar with a liiarriairo
man, ii w v.. r"-- . V
guide, Egyptian Oracle, Dreams II nte to
Ladies. xc. a queer, eAcuuis uwi, xw,vy
sold. Address T. WILLIAM X CO.,
PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN BOOK
The ereat work of the year. Prpspcctus,
-patrTAid. 75 cts. An immense sale guar
anteed. Also for my CAMPAIGN C1IAUTS
and NEAV MAPS. I
1 4w New Orleans, Cincinnati, p. iouis.
HU drniiT7e5bnJre7T!rrrr Tba niot
Tor.aUrD(l rnlJlT-.enin), rulir'ou. wort, eior ImtuoA.,
'ncipn.ti. Chief o or St. l.ouHTi?"""M7'
nf! MOT CA II while on your Summer
UU IMU I r AI L Excursion North to so-
oure one of the j
Stewart Cook Stoves
With its special attachments, Roasler, Baker
fe Broiler. The Stove and Furniture care
fully packed for, safe shipment; Books
onn f nn annlio'iHi.t. I I 1 4W.
Fullek, Warben feCo.,230 Water sL, N 1
New Turbine is in general use
throughout the U. S. A six inch.
is used by the Government in tho
Patent Office, Washington, D. C.
Its simplicity of Construction and
the power it transmits renders it
the best water wheel ever invent
ed. Pamphlet free. I
N. F. BURNHAM, York, Pa,4w
' Is a powerful Tonic, specially adapted for
use in Spring, when the languid and ik-bii-itatkd
system needs strength and vital
ity it will give vigor to the feeble, strength
to the weak, animation to tho dejected,
activity to the sluggish, rest to tho weary,
quiet to the nervous, and health to the
infirm. ; '
It is a South American plant, which, ac
cording to the medical and scientific period
icals of London and Paris, possesses the
most powerful tonio properties known to
Materia Medica, and is well known in If
native country as having wonderful curative
qualities, and has .-been lorfg used atv a.
specific in all cases of IMPURITIES OF ,
THE BLOOD, DERANGEMENT OF THE
LIVER AND SPLEEN, TUMORS.DROP
SY. POVERTY OF THE BLOOD, DEBIL
ITY, WEAKNESS of the INTESTINES,
UTERINE OR URINARY ORGANS.
Dr. Wells' Extract of Jurubcba
Is strengthening and nourishing J ; liko
nutricious food taken into the stomach, it
assimilates and diffuses itself through tho, ,
circulation, giving vigor and health. j
It regulates the bowels, quiets the nerves,
acts directly on the secretive organs, and,
by its powerful Tonie and restoring effects,
produces healthy and vigorous action of tho
whole system. ,
JOHN Q. KELLOGG, 18 Piatt St, N Y., .
Sole Agent for the United States.
Price, One Dollar per Bottle. Send for,
Circular. June 8.- l-4w.
DR. CROOK'SiMPpUN?oiE lioo
, Cures Scald Head,
' c ' 1 alt Kheum, Totter,