... . ' ; i ft." J
tfs- 7 - . 'M"r, ." " - - r FRIDAY, 'JANUARY;!, ; 1813, I , . . , v . ' v - . . ' , : r .v
Own, near BJAp 3
ffitterorilK ed Dumber i.'
it1 m the
tefbrcmc; - r i;
" u i icovyshould; be prepared for
and put the carptntcra ofthc
w poo tbat duty. . '
Bv the 26th of Nov.' lO.scowt
completed. & by bringing some
3t from Lake Ontario, above the
of Niagara, the number wai in-
rrtascd to 70. - , 1 i v.
Ih.Joathe is Nov.wued.ao
, . the mco of Ifc Yorlc-amI
to, 300 hd arrived at BuffJoe.
r'-rrd thit the icgulir troop.,
Sihe voldntcrrs under co! Sft
B rcrdulyi aad of Gerv Tanne.
p.. bricide (from Pennsylvania)
mcrring a total of 16JO, as manr
.h h d volunteered to cross ioid
Cad,. My orders were to V cro.t
. . .t nnfr. 1 dCCIQeQ
nystlf ready to tMi them, j .
Prtporatrry theeto, on tne night
cf the 27th of November, I Bot over
5 parties, one under Is c oBoerttler,
the other undr captain Kio wuh
bom lkut. Aogus, of the pry t
lie head of a body arttr en, umted.
The Erst was to capture a guard; and
'dttttoy a bridge about 5 mdifeelow
Fort Erie ; the second patty were to
trie and render usclesi the cannon of
the enemies batteries, and aomc pe
iilrrv. The first patty
fcllcd to destroy tie bridge j the ae-a-l
after rendering unserviceable
thclghtartiUcry, teparated by somel
Apprehension, lueut. ngu, mic
teamen, and a patt of the troops, re-
ith all the beats : while
aptaio King, captain Morgan, capt.
Sproul, iieuu Houstoo and about 60
cen, remained. The pary thus re
diced, attacked, took, and rendered
ccsemccable two ot the entmy'd bai
terirt, apturcd 34 prisoners foqnd 2
boati fn which captain King sent the
prisooers and about half his party
wiuj other officers ; he himself te
ciiniaj with CO men, whom be could
tot abandon. ... f
Onlin had been given, thatalUhe
troops in the neighborhood should
eurch, at revcillee, to the place of
tsbirkation. A part of the detach
ctct sect in tha ojght having return -'
d and excited apprehcna:bns,forthi:
ttstdus, about 250 men, "under the
ttcaucd cf cot. VV'inder, saddenlv
Fcff in boats for the opposite shore
s part oC this force had JandcJ,
thrn a force deecaed uperior,jitb
e pjece oi artuierj, w ouwvciw
retreat was ordered ; and cpl
VlLVs detaxhment auSexed' A loss
6 killecl and 19 .wounded, beside
Kmc oSkenu r.'" " . i
The general embarkation cbmmen
ttdas the troops exrived ; t but this
cg a first embaikation9 thei whole
uic i cows were occup cd by about
cc thirdifthe artillery, ayhile about
S regular infantry, abo 20flftwclre
ih volunteers, undtr col. Sivift,
M abcu: 200 of the rnilitiawbp had
'tccrrd thr'ir i.rviret for a few
JS occupied alUhe boats' that were
y The troooi ihen embarke4t
. up the stream to BUck Kock
ciout loss, they were .ordetea ro
. lWieirivtdfrpm tpy command.
CVlog words4. In altinibortant
dements tii Wi!L I oresurae, con-
l-er it advisable to ionnilt aoroe of
1T Procipal nfficers1 .J'4eemcd
'5 t(lTaltnt.o border; - and tKe
vemint import?nW:4: caJUd Jor
.ld ofiicrra of the flregutarsand
r moiilbs volunteers embarked.
rtL Porter was not found at the xiio
These , question i w e re ; put;
"yr-e.u Aa9r sufficient to cm
'tis ctfuiie there
The first question was decided in
the negative by col. Parker, colonel
Schuyler, col. Winder, lieut. colonel
Boersilcr, liedt. col. Coles, and Maj.
Campbell. Col. Swift ot volunteers
alon jgave an opinion for them cross
ing oVer. ' V Is : :
The second question wna now de
cided. Col. Parser, col. Schuyler,
ItthU. col. Coles, and Maj. Cambell
were .decidedly of opinion that the
force was insufficient. jCol. Winder,
kol. Swift, lieut col. Boers tier, nd
capt. Gilmao) deemed the force suffi.
cient. - ...
I determined to postpone crossipg
over until moj-e complete preparation
wouki enbie mr to embark the whole
force at once, the counsel prescribed
oy my orders. The. next day was
spent in iuci preparation, and the
trotps were ordered to be again at
the place of embarkation at 8 o'clock
on the ruorniog of the 30.h Novem
bey. On their arri val they were sent
into the adj icent wood there to build
ftrct) and remain Until 3 o'clock in the
motping of the 1st December ; when
it was intended to put biF two hour
before ay light us t6 avoid the
fire of the enemy' cannod in passing
the position which it was believed
they occupied bclo'w, to land above
Chippeway, ansjuit ihat place and if
iuctcitul, m irch througli Queenston
for port George. For- this expedi
tion the conpractor was called on to
fijroish rations for 2500 men forvbun
days, when it was found he could
furnish the p3rk but not the fl jur, the
deputy au'rter-maucr called for 60
barrels, and got but, 35.
The cmbatkation commenced,. but
was delayed by circumstances, so as
not to be completed uotil after day
lightwhen it was Iund the tegular
infantry, 688 men, tht artillery, IJ7
men. Swift volunteprs, estitirvated at
?30, siSHCompanies of federal votun
teerst undrr capts. Collifjs,-Phillips,
Allison,. Moore, Maher, and Mar
shall, amounting to 276 men, com
manded by lieut. coL M'CIurc, 100
men of cotond Dobbin'a militia, and
a few mtn in boat, with general P.
B, Porteracl;c;abfiited -the whole,
on bpard amounting, exclusive of of
neera,to 146 men, or thereabouts ;
and it was nqw two hours later than
had been contemplated.
There were some groups of men
not yet embarked ; they were applied
to, requested and ordered by the bri
gade major to get into the $oats ;
they did not. The .number of these
the hqde major estimated at about
150. It was probably greater.
It then became a question whether
it v?aa expedieQt to invade Canada in
open dav lijrht; with 150Q men, at a
.point where no rt .nforceon-nts could
beTexpecxed lor some days, i saw
that the nuT&ber of the regular troops
tpas declining rapicjly. t knew that J
on thera chiefly I wis to depend.,
V" I eallecl toge'tfier hc itikers- com
manding corps of the regular "army.
jCol. Patker Ifeing &ick, those present
were, col. Porter of the artillery, Col.
Schuyler, col. Winder, and lieut. col.
jColesi" , V ""M ' .' ,f"
I put to them this question : Shall
w proceed t tiy unanimously tie.,
cided that we ought wAur '
TfQfcaaw that the volunteers who
had come out for a few day, would
disperse-several of them had "ton the
e vening of the ?8th, broke their mus
kecs. 1 foresaw that the number of
the regular troops would decrease :
Lthe measles, and other . diseases, 1 be-
iog among them and they were now
in tent, io the month of December.
I fnfonaed the officers that . the at
temst to invade Canada would notte
made until the army wis reinforced
directea: ncui ; w w.mw
troipif and cyer thrin; with huts im
mediately.-' ''--r' "
Ydu ay that on Saturday' ever
bbstrucuon was removed, ana tnat a
landing ghtV "O d
" withoutithe loss1 of a -single man."
This proves) ou unacquainted with
I of his force, 4n killed and vtwndcLv
the occurrences; of the dy v Colonel h
wmHfr:in reurintr irom wjc cncniv!? loin
hunr m themorntnjr, lost ajrtmth part U
j The enemy shewed nb.more than 5
of 600 men, as estimated by cpl. Par
ker, apd one piece of artillery, suppo
sed a nine pounder, l nat rorce we
no doiibt" might have overcome, btit
pot without loss : : and that, from the
great advantage, the enemy, woul9
have had, might haye been conside
rable. . '
To recapitulate. My orders were
to pass into Canada with 3000 !en,
at once Or! the first day of embark
ation -not more than 1400 men were
embarked, bfjhom 400, . that is half
ofxhe regulakinfantry, were exhauu;
ted with fatigue, and want of rest. On
the second embarkatipn, only, 1500
meu were embarked, and these were
td have pUt ofT immediately-, and to
have descended the , river to a' pojnt
where reinforce mepts were not to be
expected. On both days, many of
the regular troops were men in bad
health, who could not have stood one
day's march, who although they were"
on the sick report, were turned out
bv their ardent officers. .
The affair at Qurenstpn, is a cau
tion against relying on crowds who
go to the bank. of Niagara to look on
a battle as on a theatrical exhibition ;
who, if they are disappointed, of the
tight:,, breajc their muskets oi if
they are without rations for a day,
I have made o you this frank dis
closure without admi tting your autho.
rity tq require it, under the jmprea-1
sion that 'you are patriotic and candid
men; and that youLswiU not censure
me for following the cautious coun
s'elg of experience ; nor join in the
senseless clamor excited against me
by an interested man.
I have some reason to believe that
the cautious counsel given by the su
perior officers of my command, was
good. From deserters, we learn that
2344 rations are issued daily on the
frontieTH.'on the British side. Capt.
Kiag, prisoneir jat Fort George, writes
to an officer thus Tell aur friend
to take better care of themselves than it
pears 1 havedom.' '
I ani, Keifillemeni-witb $reat repect, 1
Your moat obedient, .-;
To Messn- Geoe M'Clore, bewis Dirdiall,
jQhn Griffin ad William U. Rochester,
a Uommiltee from the patriotic titins of
i.the NVettero C;0unea of New-rok.
" P. S It will be observed that the
force rmdtj cruld be no otherwise as
certained than by in actual embarka
tionit being uncertain what portion
of the volunteer force would embark.
Six hundred of jGeneral TannehiU's hrig
add 'deserted in twenty-four ' houra. VA
Court 3trtul f this trigade hare fined
a man twelve and a uU Certii tot the crime
of desertion !! ) '
From the Knaicville Gaxette. 1
EAT TENNESSEE VOLUNTEERS.
Ajgreeable to the plan proposed by
Col. John Williams, to raise, a corps
of vohipteers p be employed on the
Southern frontier, about forty or fifty
active and . enterprising mcn;assem-
bled a.t this place on Tuesday last, and
pitched their camn about half mile
from town, prefenng at once to enter
. . . T i '. -i ,l X .
on Jhe character oi soiaiyera, inougaine
weatherwa's bad, tc accepting the in
vitations which every citizen.was so-
lieitous to ofTer. They were yisitcd
at their encampment bv the farmers of
the neignoornoou, wn icuuci uiiu
visibn apd forage for themselves and:
horses1: - On Friday mourning, their
number bavibg increajec to one htfn;
dred andlfty, they topk up theirline
of march byt UifeWarm Spripg$ nd
Una. for SfvMaryVm Gbrgiaj where
vices 1o the ctOTniandinfficrVIt
is Ascertained thkt their number 7i
exceed two hundred before ih'ey pass
the bounds of the state, as many, are
basteninc:4 preparations to follow and
cjomnanv of nienror a company "betteH
lac UCUWiwcuu , auuw.iwwiuK
armed, equipped and; mounted we
haW opver" seen. It is composed
principally of the mostonspitqpus ci
tizens jpf this section of this country--miltda
officers frooi thi ; maj. gen. of
thisjdi vision down :j;.a'ubal's:;'ot
companies, membersfthe Legi
ture, attbrpeyi at the Fead fof their
profesiton merchants; ad citiztns
of the first respectability and weahij,
are in the ranksi ' ..VT
1 Wen it is knpwn that the requisi
tion v from this State of I50t) militia
men tor the defence ot tne lower coun
try, and two regiments ior the north,
ern territorVes, nas been, by the Gov
ernor, ordered from West Tennessee,
and consequently the probability of a
call for men; from this quarter being
done away, a proper estimatemay be
mde of i;he patriotism of those cbm
poinhis detachrnent, who have pre
ferred thus to encouhfer trreueprrvi '
tions of a winter campaign, at the end
of -a journey of several hundred miles
atftheir own expense, in search of dan?
gers in the service of their country to
remaining at home in the enjoyment
of their families and friend and the
pursuit of their profitable business.
TJpon a suggestion that the few en
rolled in this corps who were not men
of wealth 'might suffer from the want
of funds the ciuzens of Knoxville with 1
their characterestic liberality, subscri
bed St paid into the hands of one of the
company, three hundred doliars, to be
used for the relief of such as may not
have made proper provision for the
expense of the campaign.
The , political Situation of the United
State withk respect to Argiers,;andfe '
nayal force .of ibatjRegency, may be
thus summarily sta'jjd, from 'message'
of the President to Congress on the sub
iect. . :
. . . . i ! 2 At ft
I4ie 17 . annuities aue jrom ipe u.
S ates to the Dey an4 Regency of Al
giers, S. pt. 5 1 8 1 2r at 2 U600 per year, :
amounted tm S367 200 ; of which sum
thr TJ. States had paid "(July 22812)
35 J,363---leaving a balance dye (reck
oning according to the Chrtsthn mod
of 365 days to a year) on the ;5tb Sept.
1812, of $15. ,8 37 ; bii nbjcv balance
the Dey insrsttd was glrqpoe comr
putirrg the 7 years accrtriin to the
Mahometan calendar, which gives 354
days to a year. The &hip Allpghany?
; ent out by the U. Sia'it with a cargo
of naval and military ..-stores, to discharge:
the arrearages dus in fulfilment of irea
ty stipulations, arrived at Algiers on ih
the I7ib July, 1812 ; arid the ;l)ty and
officers expressed eiili- c sarisi'aciiOn -but
when the unloading of the cargo
had'eommericed, the Dey demanded a
list of ' he ankles, and became outrage
.(us to nd that tficre was only 50 small
bbls. olf gunpowder and 4 cabhs on board
he.cxpectirig according to a demand
he had made, and of wbich Mr. Lear,c
American Consul, had informed goTcriw
ment in 18 iO) 500 quinials of gunpowT
der, ?7 large cables, a quantity of cord
aee, .ficc., Mf. Lear was accordingly
ordered to depart the 234 Jflly with all J
tne Americans in Aigies, on ooarq inc
Allegbapy, 7 days after her arrival ; and
topayjm mediately iota the Treasury
27,OQ0 Spanish dollars ; -ao4 in ciase of
refusal the shipio be confilcted, all the
Americans, in Algiers , lot'be i kept as
slavish, and warinstanUy declared againsV
the -United State3. Mr Lear Wai there
fore compelled to raise, money at 25
per cent, thrqugh Mr Barcri i and ha
ying baid it in, wo5 'allowed .o depart"
whh the ship and cargond the . A
Americans. :He proceeded to' Gibraltar
tci"dis'pose.of. the Alleghany's cargo there I
to raise a; aurn; towards, repaying, the
money orrwedjsf 3rcri
Mr. Lear ifrriiHha't.tbe r$Mrac-;
ter of the preshtDey:.: (Hadge AirPa
shaw) is that Ipfa.ieTereV obstinate and
cruel man and adds', f if our small
naval fbrccart; operate ffreely in jthH
v -frigates (prtncipally .tld, one new)
viz, -one ot su gupranQiuuracn one
of 4j5Kwith'-46pmcA;twoaf 44, wiih-H
. - ' 1 - " f a r.- am ' ..,,-1 I .
4oO men ; anppoe oi gpi witn men, j
f .Three corettesj Iviz. Twaof, gnus!
eaciv who 5uu men; , one vi-xz, wjtn
250 rnen. i:wi;Z.''
' Two bri$?3.;22 tuns each. 45dTntnl i
rnn Xh.-r. 20 mins. 2ti0 mrn 1 Vh V II
seaf Algiers wiU be humbled tn medusu'
. f The-Agerine'jcaval! force; consists tf
the fbllowintesseU' tC?'i? V,
-of-four guns, 4emen ; onerov g2lltyi
with 50 men : and '.fix ea:lhoat sloop. " ,
riged)carrying ne S-iiouhdcr.And-l1 .,; j
U inch mortapeic - v
on a, cruize ,tq;ihe fcasjtVard,fl3h.Ju!ytN - y if f
IB12.-- . - ' '-' 1 w .1
r 1 : f r"
AN ACT increasing the pay. of non-coromiaj I .
siohed onicerj. Miiisicians, prilraies and o
therslbfthe aimy andforiher Vurpese
Be it enacted, by toe Senate and jSi-u? of
RejUresentauvet' oJlAbc Urutetl Stafet Jmeri t ! v
ca, itr'Ccjypes atsetnblcd, Tliat froni and after
the thwty-first d;y ' f Decetnfer, efg-S" .
teen hunded and: twelve," the roontrfly
pay of the jfon-cc:iamsion(E:d officerrj
musicians, privates, wJrivtrs,vbrnbar
djers, matrosses, sappers, mitieiartf
fisersjsaddlerf. farriers and blacksmiths,
who have k filiated or ati all" hereaf e eh- y '.
tist in the' service of the United States, '
shall during thereontinuancef the war'
between tfafe United i gtas of America V
and their territories, and the Unsted,,-. .
Kingdom ol Great. 5ritain and Ireland '
and the dependencies thereof, be. as fol-: 4
ldw, to wit :ryTo"each Tgant'm3
and quarter imsster sergeant,, twelve -
dollars ; to each sergeantrand principal
mil ician eleven dollars ; to each cor- i.
poral, ten dollars ; - to each musiciib, I ;
iinf dollars, , tb ; each private, driver, 1 j
bbmb irdier, matross,- -sapf.e' and mi-
per, eight-d-diars; to eac1!! artifie'r, 1
saddler farrier and b ak;ni?tli, not . at
t ached to the.quarier masftiV and pf d
nancc department, -hirtfeen dull irvj ;
Sec. 2. And h ip Jurtber enacted, That du. 1
ring the continuance of the war with
Great-Britain, no non-com missioned of-h
ficer, mqsicia'h, - private, - driver, bomy .
bardier, maiross, sapperr miner, artrhV
de r, "adcier, rrier or, b!ack.rnjt n, en- '
l;sied in T the seVvice . of he" United '
States during hw. continuance in ser? '
vice shall be arretted, or subject to ar-
rest, or to be taken in l execution for any ,
debcontracted before or , after telist
mtut. ... -.y j .... - ' . ...
Sec. 3. And be it further en acted Thzi !
evei y non-commissi ;a(i 'cthe r, nnusif
cian and -private, wno-shall, af er the
promufgation of -bs act, be veciuUed in
the regular iitmy of ihVTJni'cd S ates",
may, at his ppiiono.bsqxadegl.'t-'
lime of enlistment, engage lo strve du- '
rinn (he present war with G Britain
inyeadof hs term of "five years; and
shall , in case he niii.tse'S such option be
entitled to'tfye'same bounty, in mqneyj vf
and larid and to all other allowances, U
and be . subject to t the sams rule's ana
reirubtions, a if he had enlisted ior the '
term othve years. , -
H.CLAY, . t v
Speakerof the-House of Hepf$entativei
' Wm. : CRA.VVFOKD,;,.
President of:bt Stnate pro' tempore
December 12,'1812- AppqvED, " ,
. ' JAS MAUISON.-
An Act malting an appropriation to defray
expences blurred or to Be , incurred Un- '
' der ail act, entitled " an act to Authorise
a deUchment from the niilitia of the Unhf' "
ed States," and thti 'act, entitled ? aniaep
for, calling forth the militia to execute th '
r Jaws of the Union, suppress inaUrfectioDa
; and repel invasions," and to repeal the act
1 now in "ibrce for ihose purposes psse!lj
. the twelty-eijhth day -of February; one
t thousand aeveo hundred arid: ninety five.
Be iienacud by the Senate tatd Mouse of JRc '
presentatvtes cf the United States vf Ameriecfik , y
Cong est assembled, That the sum of one mil
libn of dollars be, and the" same is here- '
by appropriated h to wards'defraying anj 1
expense ipcprtred, ' or to berncJJrred,'
under an feu entitled " anaqtvto'iu-
thorise a i detaebmenti from :the militia
of thtUniied States,' passed (he tenth
day of AprU, one thousand eiht liuny
dred "and twelves land also,f iinder an
act, 'entitled V An kact;foV cang IbrttL '
the militia to execute J he law&of the,
union, suppress msurrecuons ana repel
tob pajd out' of any; monies in . the'
Treasury: not otherwise aporopnafed
r ;5 SttierofffeofRepretenfathes: .
; "..yPretident of tte See pro tempore. "
mber,12. 18l2 -APFaVEfi.v
fnrce forAhase nnmnsM.?' nid tl."
Iwenty-eihth: day,' of -J?ebruary,bpe' ,
thodandeyenhuna'red and ninety five,'
: TT??, i? Wrist -
f Merchanjts.and othfs arp d ; f; 9 j ! V i
requeiicd not to credit ayperson ido account .x -' -MtJJt
'jofrthe-TtlESPIAN SOCiaTy, w)hQat k j
- written Ordertpai thfc fresideJit thereof: 3,c 1
- -V -si
A 1 I ff i'' ,
t W- tr
hi J- !-
' ' v IK ft
h it h
15 .V t 1J
if'- V i
i t. ill
1 - ''-fAll l
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