- -v f '' -' .. i-t1 1 ; -r " : . , e i
. . FRIDAY, APRIL 2r,;l82l. ;- v v ; , 5 - .: - zr,r ti ;V-v. tl27n ... , t
From the American Sentinel;
. Cro'tfte right tcay td work. my brothei
I am sorry that, there is so m uch need
of the admonitions I am about to give.
Depend on it, yoa do qot, work it right 7
or yea wchiM makev your iarjns and stock
twice aVrqfitable as they now are.'. Ma
ny of you farm toomucH. : You ;would Cnd
it much tnore profitable to farm twenty
acres well. ! than forty , by halves. : The
last seasonal made my groupd produce at
the rate of one' hundred, bushels of Indian
. corn to the acre. Is this hot much better
than a common'crop of thirty or- forty
bushels? !Yon will most certainly, say it
is, and with the same-breath ask bor. I
manage to make it produce so plentifully i
. My ground being much infestedVith mice
or moles, and also overrun with grubs and
other vermin;; I put on, early in the month
of J4arch, abenteven bushels of salt to
the acre, which - thoroughly destroys all
; kind of vermin, being an excellent strong
manure ; early in April, I gave h a good
coat of stable manure, and ploughed and
-worked'1 the ground qver and over, until
it became completely mellow ; I then had
every corn hole filled with hog manure,
and after dropping rhy.corn, (which had
been previously soaked, in warm water)
J scattered a pint of lime over every hill,
and then covered the whole with 'a4 little
mellow earth. 'In about cue week the corn
began to come up- plentifully, after vwhich
I nursed it with the plough and hoelevery
other week for eight weeks, at which t vnte
it was as high as my head, and not a spire
of it was destroyed either by the frost,
grub, or brush. My other things I ma
nured and nursed equally well, and I have
r "been amply paid for all .my extra 1 care"
and trouble, as I raised more than twice
as much per acre as. many of my neigh-
cors, ana aia it in mucn less ume. x mean
I got all my harvesting done two or three
weeks before many . others. This is ac
complished in a great measure by redeem-
id the morning.; then, if the day be very
sultry and not, J lie by from 112 to 3, and
rest. I then feeT, refreshed and able to
work until quite dark.; This I call work
ing it right whereas, should I lie in .bed
until the sun be up and thame me haun$
the tavern at night, drink too much whis
key,, but half. manured half , plough, half
plant, halt nurse, naif, harvest, and do
every thing else by. halves, I surely should
not 44 work ft right,' nor get half acrop.
I shall now conclude, by giving you, for
further consideration, a few. excellent ob
servations from a wiser head, perhaps,
than my own, which I shall endeavor to
improve for myself, and hope every bro
ther farmer. will do likewise, viz :
. 41 1 often say.to.njyself, what a pity it is
. our farmers do not work it right. When
I see a man turn his cattle into the road,
to run at large,' and waste their dung, dur
ing a winttrVday, I -say 'this man doe
not work it rig)it Ten loads of good ma
:nurei at least, is lost in a season, bv this
slovenly practice and all for what ? For
nothing, indeed, but to ruin his farm. .
So, when I see cattle late in the fall, or
early in the springs rambling in a meadow
or mowing field, pouching the soil, and
breaking the grass I say to my self this
ft an doe not work it right. : ' I
So, when I see a barn yard, with a drain
to it, I say the owner does not work it
right, for how easy is it - to make a yard
hollow, or. lowest in the middle to receive
the urine and; all the wash of the sides.
which will be thus kept dry for the cattle.
The wash and urine of the yard mixed
with any kind of earth, or putrid straw,
is excellent mannre;'yet how much do
our. farmers lose by neglecting these; in
fact they. do not workit right. ; ;; V
When I see a farmer, often going to the
retailer's store, with a bottle, or: jug, cr
lounging about a tavern, or. wrangling 'a
bout politics or quarrelling with and de
faming his ueighhor's good1 name, I am
certain such la man does noh work it
A PENN FARMER.
. Philadtl phia County ; Dec 1820.;
: rules aainst'slanderJ i
' - . i -y .. . -r i '
r';C from'thc Connecticut 'Mirror, - -v
Set a watch upon your words, and ne
ver, speak without deliberation; Pthan
t which nothing in human life can procure
you a greater reward. Pursue your , own
afiairs with diligence, and concern your
self as little , as possible whh those of
others, whether they differ from you ei
ther in moral concerns or in modes of re
gien ;; for he who speaks without chari
ty and b officious hr rendering an indi-?
Wual, an institution, or the members
thereof odiousyjraerits, contempt: in this
orld and ensures jcondemriation in he
, rid to come. Such, a man . bears not
tne mark of -piety. - Take care always to
jve so much business upon your - hands,
tyou may not, for want Tbfi necessary
"ployment, be led, to speak evil of others,
eyer take a' pleasure in hearing others
viled, but accustom ycnrself to have
paifcicnon their infirmities, rather
vu rcioice ar thPtn if -von near n
person slandered; and know any good of
him, reveal it,; .whichimay at least coun
terbalance the detraction, ancLso far pre
serve his reputation. -Let JtaIwayV he a
maxim with you, that it costs you nothing,'
and ! that Jt is the smallest fayor you can
showyour neighbor, tQ speak well, or, at
least, not e vil of h(im," particular j in pub
lic places. "When you find an inclination
hand on your heart, and a?k yourself
whether you. have riot merited the : same'
or a worse reprehension. Examine your
mind how ytm have been' able to bear
aspersi6ns cast on you by 'others ; and
though you may 'have the resolution . to
despise thenvconsider another may not.
It may perhaps be an affliction to him ;
and this affliction may be attended with
other evil consequence ' Inquire ;harrow-'
ly into the certainty of what you: intend
to say of another ; whether you can affirm
the truth of it bf . your own knowledge, or
only by hearsay. , If the latter. It . may be
groundless, and you may justly, draw up
on yourself the character of a wicked
defamer. Ifv the former, then consider
whether it mav nnt be a fripnrfk- ah of-
!(fice to conceal it, as to relieve a neighbor
unaer necessity. Perhaps the person in
question has at some time wronged- you.
If not, you are. about1 to commit a piece
of cruelty - ., and if he have, your f lander
is, at best, but the fruits of revenge and
malice. Recollect, likewise, whether that
, person has never, done vou a favor; if he
uc, you aaa to this, vice the sm ot in
gratitude; and if not, may he not have
an opportunity of doing it in future ? May
not the .time' come.' when, bv the instabili- j
ty of the thbgs.cf this life, his:good will
may be of service to you? Kever retail nor
believe the slander which comes from one
relation against another; it generally
proceeds from some family pique, or some
vile i paksion of the" heart, for a person
who regards his relations as he ought,
and as he is commanded, will never de
fame them,1 but will forgive, or at least
conceal trifling faults.' Think as far for
ward as possible, and reflect upon, the
various : consequences which a may .arise
fromjdetraction. .Though,; at first, they
may be little- regarded ;. the greater may !
be the danger hereafter: A slanderer
always finds his match, who pays in -his
own coin; he is hated and despised by
all men ; is liable to be involved in law
suits, and falls intn broils and quarrels, ;
which are often not to be ended but by
bloodshed. Consider that though detrac
tion may not always be punishable in this
world, yet it is a decided breach of the
ninth commandment, and incurs eternal
punishment. in the world to come. Final
ly mind your own business ; govern'your
passions ; pay your debts ; be charitable
towards those who happen to differ from
you : relieve the Door and the oppressed :
be kind to the s:ck and afflicted ;: be m
i dustrious in getting, and prudent in spend
l ing, and you will grow in riches ; be ho
nest and cblieme to vour family and
j neighbors, and you will grow in esteem;
! be no blasphemer or fanatic'-but .soberly
religious, and you will grow in the favor
i f rA i ". : 1 1 i i v j i
j uuu, auu wut uc iiajjijy ucrc tuu iicrc-
Jatter. - . ; , , - . 15.
-. by spTiionrrr.
An act for carrying into execution the Treaty
betweenrlhe United Stales and Spam, con
eluded at Washington,4 on the twenty-se
cor.d day of February, one thousand eight
hundred and nineteen. '
Be it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United States
of America in Congress assembled, That
the President of the United Spates be.and
he js hereby, authorized to take possession
oft and occupy,' the territories of East and
West FJorida, and the appendages and
appurtenances thereof ; and to remove
and transport the officers and soldiers of
the King of Spain, being there, to the Ha
vanna, agreeably to the stipulations of the
Treaty: between the United States and
Spain, concluded at- Washington on the
twenty-second day. of; February; in the
year one thousand eight hundred & riirie
lteen,:providrng for the cession of said terV
ritories to he United States ; and he may,
for these purposes, and in order to main
tain in said terrftories the authority pf the
United States, employ any part.of the ar
my and navy of the United States, and
th militia of any state or territory, hich
he may deem necessary. ' . 'i
Sec, 2. And be it further enacted, That
until the - end " of the first session of , the
next Congress, unless yprovision for the
temporary government of said territories
be sooner made by Congress all the mi
litary, civil and judicial powers exercised
by tie officers of tlie: existing government
of the tne territories, shall be. vested in
such person arid persons, arid shall be ex
ercised - in such mariner, as the President
of the United States shall , direct," fori
tne maintaining : uic' iuuauii4uis y .
territories in the free enjoyment ?;of their
h'bertr. property and religion ; and the
laws of the United States relating to the.
revenue anu u cuucwuui, buvjcl iu uit
modificktion stipulatedby:Hhe fifteenth
article bf the said Treaty, iri fayor; of
Spanish vessels and their cargoes, and the
lawsL relatingto the ' importation. of per
sons of color, shall be extended to the said
territories.' - And theTresident of theU
nited States shall be,V and he is hereby,
authorized, within the term aforesaid, to
establish such districts for the ? collection
of the revenue, and, during : the recess of
Congress, to appoint such officers,? whose
commissions shall expire .atthe end of the
next session of Congress, ; to enforce the
said laws, asio him. snail, seem expedi-
A Sec3; And be it further enactedTHkt
the President of the United States be, and
he is hereby, authorized to appoint, dur-
I ing the recess of the Senate, a commissi-
onerg.and surveyor, wnose commissions
shall expire at the end of the next session
of Congress, to meet the commissioner
and' surveyor," who may. be appointed on
the part of Spain, for the purposes stipu
lated in the fourth article xf said treaty ;
and that the President be, and he is here
by? further authorized to take all other
measures which he shall rjdge' proper,
for . carrying into effect thestipulations of
the said fourth article. - '' " - ' K
a Board of three Commissioners shaTTbc4
appointed conformably to the stipulations
of the eleventh article of Jhe said Treaty :
and the President of the United States Is
hereby authorized to "take any measures
which ! he may deem expedient, for orga
nizing the said Board of Commissioners ;
and for this purpose, may appoint a Se
cretary, well versed in the French, and
Spanish languages, and a Clerk ; which
appointmentsT'it'-made during the recess
ol the. Senate, shall, at the next meeting
of that body, be subject to nomination for.
.their advice and consent, A ' ;
' Seei 5. And be it further enactedt Thnt
the compensation of the respective . offi
cers, for whose appointment provision is
made by this act shall not exceed the
following sums "'- " '' ':-'i
5 The Commissioner to be appointed con
formablyto the fourth article, at the rate,
by the year, of three thousand dollars. '
i To theSu.rveyor7o.thousand;'doilars.
" To each of the three. Commissioners to
to be appointedcot)rnably to" the ele
venth article ofth'Treaty, three thou
sand dollars. - 'tt'-
To; the SecrOafl? of the Board, two
thousand dollarjf- . f f
To one Clerk, onerthcusand five - hun
dred dollars. - 1 : M
Sec. 76:And be it further enacted. That
for carrying this act into execution! the
sum of one hundred, thousand dollars be,
and hereby is, appropriated,; to be taken
from 'any moneys in the Treasury not o- r
ther w ise appropriated I r
AppfovedMarch 3, 1821. i
I',.'-' . . j .; '.1. '
An art -nnfiminv thplnstmn nfthf Mt nf
government of the state qf Illinois, and for ?
other purposes. . h .d1
Be it enacted: bxthe Senate and If ousc Y
of iepreseniaiTves oj ineunuea oiaiev ;.
. i !.!.... . J' I'l IT -j J O . . 'i j
Vi o ttiirs? nrmr inn 1 tnfriA ill n1- hriftrfrr I
selected bv commissioners appointed for
that purpose, for the seat of government !
of the state of Illinois, be, and the same )
are hereby declared to be, confirmed to;,
ahd vested in the said state, for the pur
pose aforesaid. ; ! ;, , 1
Secj 2. And be it further enacted;' Thzt
the governor of said state be, and he is
hereby, authorized to select any unappro
priated section in said township, for the
use of the inhabitants thereof, which shall
be in lieu of the said sixteenth section.
Approved March 3, 1821.
An act to authorize the collectors of customs
to pay debentures issued on the exportation
of loaf sugar and spirits distilled from mo
; . lasses . ': . ' ; i - 1 y :'
; v Be it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of ' f he - United States
of America in Congress assembled,' That
all debentures which have been, or may
hereafter be, issued upon the exportation
bf spirits distilled from molasses, or sugar
refined within the United States, shall be
payable within thirty days after the pass
ing of this act or thirty ! days after the
date of their issue as the case may be,
and shall be discharged by the collector
of the customs, by whom they may have
been, or shall be, issued, out of the pro
duct of trie duties upon imports and ton
nage ; any thing in any act or 'act of con
gress, to the contrary notwithstanding"
; Approved March 3, 1?21 -
An act making appropriations for the Public
; . -0 Buildings;!.;" : ;'V,
Be it enated by the Senate and House
of America in, Congress aisernbledyWteji;
for continuing trie work ion the Centre
Building of. the Capitol, arid; other; im
provements on the Public Buildings,' the
following" suiris of nioneybe and hereby
ate, appropriated : j .. l - . r '-k
For continuing the work on the Centre
Building, the sum of eighty, thousand dol
lars.; r-; - -iv';;. 1
i ' For coveringthe roof of the President's
House with copper, seVeri. thorisarid eight
hundred and fortyfive ollarTSvi 0.
r; ; r or grauuavuig . auu uiiiuviug ivue
' ground around the , Capitol, two thousand
; For improvements in the Senate Cham
ber, and in. the Hail of the House of Re-
of American Congress assemblathm ; iru,,T" -u7" v
e four sections jf land, including: :C
section number sixteen, in township num j AorilS' 182r' -;;W24-ttfe'
ber six north, range-number one east, of I Kl' , ' ' -iJl: -:b
presentatives, and ;in the Library, seven
hundred dollars. V, U V '
Sec. 2. And beitfutther'enactcdjTtoX
the unexpended balances lofappropria-;
tibns to other public buildings, are hereby
appropriated to the, Central Building ;
Sec. 3-; Andpeitfuxthpidcted.
the said several sums of monev be. paid
out of I anyXmoniesC in, the Treasury not
otherwise appropriated, fi'fK-M
-'''': -.v.,.',-.'- i'-. .'(-' lf I
-"' . '
An act extending the.tiine for issuing and lo
' eating' military, land warrants to Officers
and soldiers pf the Revolutionary Army. '
V Be it enacted by the. Senate and House
of 'Representative (of the. United States
of America in Congress assembled, That
the time limited, by the second section , of
the act a approved: on the twenty-fourth
day of February orie : thousand eight hun
dred and nineteen, for'issuing military
land warrants jo, the officers and soldiers
of tHevolutionary Army, shall be ex
tended to the fourth day of March, one
thousand eight hundred and twentythree;
Tannine time tor locatme. the uniocatea
warrants shall- be extended to theT first
day of October thereafter, r ', ! ! : '
: Approved March -2,182 ".;'&
An act to establish, the Disicpf Pearl Ki?
Tip it. enctrtpd fin the R'pyieitp n-rMt TTnrise
of Representatives bfthe United States of
America m Congress t assembled IhdX
from and after the first day of July next,
all the bays, waters, and shores, on Lake
Borgne and the Gulf of Mexico, and all
the rivers emptying into the same, within
the limits of the state of Mississippi, shall
bee a. collection r district to 1: called the
district of Pearl River J ot winch a port
near ; the mouth of Pearl river, at such
place as the President of the United States
shall designate, shall bt the port of entry ;
an a collector for the, district shair be
appointed,.to ' reside at such place as the
President shall direct, at or near the said
port, who shall be entitled tolreceive, in
(addition to the fees and other emoluments
established by law, the annual ;
two hundred and fifty dollars. ;
ApprovedMarch 2, 1821,
CONTRACTORS WANTED, j
remoife the.: obstructions arid render
navigable that part ofthe Broad Rive
situated in the slat e of NorthCaroirna, be
tween Mr. Twitty's Ford and the South-Ca-rolinaline.
' ; ' . '
Col Isaac T. Avery, one of the- Board of
! (Commissioners for Internal Improvement, and
! Mr.- Fulton, State Engineer, will j attend at
Kfordton; Rutherford County, Ion the
1st of May next for the purpose of rec
cuntrayiuig ,ur iuc sanfc.
For the accommodation of the contractor a
rohman, Salisbury anuTelescope, Columbia,,!
S. C are requested to insert this advertise
ment till the 1st of May, and forward their
accounts to tnis omce.
TOWN LOTS FOR. SALE.
"D Y virtue of a Deed of Trust, executed
XX to the subscriber, for the purpose of
securmg to joragg ot jones, o retersourg,
a debt .due to therii from David' Mock,
Esq. of Rowan county ; will be sold to the
liierhest bidder, for readv monev: in the
town of Hay woodboro', Chatham county
on rriday the 4th day otAlay. nex two
unimproved Lots on Davie ot Henderson
Streets, No. 22 & 23. These lots arev said
to be near-to the Landing and as conve
niently situated for Mercantile or other
public business as any in the Town, Deeds
will be executed, as soon as the money Js
paid. . - ' ;
ALEX. GRAY Trustee. f
March 26,' 1821. ' : - . 24tlAV
To the Citizens of N6rthCarolina.
TENOR the purpose of LocatiWc Lanr
X? Warrants within the Western Dis
trict of Tennessee, the j subscriber lias ta
ken , into Co-partnership MemucaN H.
Howard and Samuel MOrkle, enter-
prismgi industrious, correct young men
that have been twelve months engaged jn
the business, possess anexcellent know
ledge, of the ountry, and' are at this time
engaged in examining the ' vacaht- lands
and surveying the good, and ,will continue
at work until they obtain a correct know
ledge of the whole. Thefsubscriber will
immediately move to thai "section of the
ccuntry;4 settle himself anj3;establishhis
ofiice on the Forked Deer River near the
centre of the purchase, arid convenient to
the Land Offices of the 9tKTl0th, 12th
ISth Districts; and will from time to time
receive the field . notes, of his Partners,
and . his other engagements j wilU riot be
such but with the assistance of ari active,
intelligent. young mantr he.will be able to
attend to the Entries arid do ample justice'
to the , owners of the Warrants confided
,tri'his'care;and managemerit.i i'
subscriber " Rey noIdshurenriessee,"
willbe duly attended fovirvct 'M
I Alt iK A V A T 111 Y A ' n r r A C'AM ' f 0
t xne .ecorcr, iiiiisDoroucn,. vvesiern a
.. , N r 1 1 .... t : t- AA:r : i on :
rTHE-mllowingcommuriicapri from thfc . ;-.
JL; Secretary of State of the united btates v - -J .
has beeri received, at thisOffide. nFor,thet;; JA
information of the sufferers iq his Sateif j f : v rJ
ayvthere be, it Isrdered by lthe GoyerV; ---''
rior,that itbe' publishedin the Raleigh.; f;X 1 ,
Star and Register for three! successiyejvf ;
tion of that part ofjhe first article ot t the , . i
.i rit.T--tr- it DTTr . is ' um?.. : . .
7HisExceUency'ihc vv.V;V '
" DEP A R DCf EN T,' Q W STA TE,": ' .' r . ' -' v f :: :
? ' - u Washington Marh?.Vy 1821'' v
The auestion unon1 the . construe ' . ' .
Slaves should' riot fie! carried JaSvay" froin j 1
the United States by1 British fjtecera after '
tnt rnnr.iustnn : ot me reace: navm? necai.:
stibinitted'bV'Ube'lAm British,s n;t
Governments ta the i decision lof the Em-';'.-:;,.! ,
p4ror of Russia, -the, British; iSecretary 'oiu yU
hje construction insisted uppn oy the Uai- T
ted States, tne lull extent. ot tne, demana: - K,
hrion Great Britain for restttptiori, 'or !nf $ lf
dimriity for slaves carried wAy'f.tbfalijjj?
be made kriowri'as speedily a possibiew :
I jaril' directed' by the President to Suggest U
inat notice snouiu ue given (o uie suuer
ers, to tranitwiUitelay4r Ui,Tt?.
partment authenticated proorof the num-r:
ber of slaves: carried ; away,' jandof their -value,
by the cu f rent prices at which they , 1
triight haye beerisoldjat ; thejtimehen,fV
nanieiage, ex arid lvalue of each indivi- Pj
i I have the honor to ber with ereat res- .
pect,' sir, your very humble ahd cbedient
servant,' :v:ff.:k.;-s rrr.s- rv:-, -fv 4
I JOHN QUINCylADAMS'
' 1 ';'
J AS.ibeen'iippomteti: Agen
XX- Subscriptions for theED
QUARTERLY REVIEWS, published la Bos:
ion.; .rricc.-yi , ouDscriucrsj; cneaqiiar aoa.
twenty-five cents eadvLounber ' Also,; THE
NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW , Subscir.pV
tions to; which will not be received for Ics
,than one year . Price one dollajr. twenty-fi re i
Sets of this popular publication priay i be had f
NEW ' AI1LLINERY;& FANif r '
FTIHE iubscriberbegs, leave tpiaform the
' X, . Public generallyi that she jhts ;justrr-4
ceiyed from NewTYdrfc her Springf & Summer''
supply oF Millinery andFaricy ; Good?i of the''
latest Fashions making a very general As-
sortment s Whicn Will; be sole
prices for Cash.
Raleigh, April 12.
-- A If OUSE FOR RBNT F
A . CONVENIENT and pleasintly Situated .
xIl House for a small Family,' at the comer :
of Dayieland MDowell StreetsJ' in RaVei
may 6e rented, if applied for iirimediatr ly.-
The House haathree Rooms' on the prcunti .
floor and two Chambers; There is a.Kitchen,' 1
Smoke-House and Garden t'andt it If within '
.150 yards of one of the best Seringa in the v
cityApplyrto.' I. GALES.,
. .'Raleigh, April IS.'A:- -. ''-"
rvA;;MUSEUM40R,. SjALE, p,V ?; '
GONSlINCof t&iclei which: 1
, have beea for manyyeaw'collecting '
by Gen: Calvin Jones of .Raleigh and Mr :.
VmLawrerice of : Kewberr and which .
two years agp, (ere uriiteda land became
tfie prorjierty,of a third per. It i dif-;
ficult todesCttbe such a thingis an assem
blage of the curiosities of art and rafure ;
from different partes of the glibe Suffice. '
it to say that it' now fills withf , ad vaiu&ge V-':
a room SO by 20 feet squarei irid well de'
serves the attention of Trustee? 01 Colleges'
and others, and if any wish to fnnrchase v
they can easily obtain the opinion and in formation
of their friends. In. this place.
1 prevent trouble and osetss applica
tion, the priceJs five hundred dollars,
which all will pronounce io' be extrrmcluL
' Letters, if posrlfiaidi addressed to ;
the frohrictor oftheMuseuin.RaleftrhJ
win or attended to. : i; lr: K
I. WILL sell froml 3 to1 12,000 icres of
LAND, situated in the head waters of
the North jfprlk rif Obian JUvrZThe st ;
tuation foic healthiness and beautv ia nri '
passed by norie-:ia the: Chickasaw Pur--
chase, i It has on it several IMill Seats. '
riiany excellent Springs; and ifc well tlm- '
bered. Fpur, or five s thousand , dollars in,' r
ch wilU rie.regujredV forvthe balance. 'V
such instalments will be giveaas will suit
the 'fjnTChky&&Tx:yi :. . ': 4'
elXshall attend; inRaleigh'rtf Goot will) - :
ai the-MayXcwt;whjch commences on
the third Monday. : AnV nenhn t$hintf
ir vviaw iu me iincnm can a
tr' wu wi . vjranviiie io
twno is authorized to sell, and can
ucvnuuu u ue. i ana. i .
-1 ' I' I'
1 ' I
V. .;- -J