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;v?tf ryAV yf m hx i w-N vf- wmmz?
- .. JXu.jLnV.-I 1 H 1 J 1 tUJ.iliifr? ;' J
i V;.',:.: - : v:s 'r' V .". r r r : . , Vnwarptf ttTpartr age ta IWe Kke Brother. . ' ; . . , .. . ! :. .. . , - . J'-.v- . , . - . . (
' T:' ' " .- y ';. ; " : , - ? . , r . . ' . - f -rrrr;-;;,.'.'.. v--- --v J: s . . ..nY- o;vrv uv.-'h-vri YYY Y')!' ' :' " -r : V 1 . Y .Y ' ' ''
I I - a 1 4
the writer and M. de Chateaubriand 'on
the receipt of 'r.jCanning's letter of Fe
brorrS. (e Kot-.2S,' , .
MdeChateauhnanoaotrptteo the con-.
ttrueVn rnt ;upon the Kind's .sppeth by
jtfr. Canning, corresponded with the
doubts expressed at home about, it; ; A.
de Chateaubriand does, not hesitate toad
that, in order", to give stability tcvsnv
modification of the present system ir Spain,
& to afford sUflBcint assufancejo Frr.nre
to jnstify her 'discontinning;herjvarlike
preparation, the King of Spain must be a
rarty, and consent to.such modification."
The French government will not rnly be
satisfied with the opening which any act
(nch as the establishment of a second
Chamber) may offer, to complete,"throug:,
the intervention of Great Britain, the sys
tem which is necessary for; the constitu-
- tionaf government of Spain ;y but, without
waiting for any further proofs, of the sin
cerity of the iSpanish ' government,-they-will
consider any such act as affording
reasonable grounds for suspending their
armaments, and replacing the relations
between the two countries upon t!ie same
footing usual in t'me of peace tho since
be cannot suppose that we consider mere
fair assurances to be sufficient, we mu
nct be surprized if preparations for war
'sre. in the mean time, carried oh' without
tut I uncWsVood him to refer to the pro
ject of allowing the King the nennhation
ei Counsellors of State,. and giving them
a deliberative power, upon A similar prin
ciple with that of the American Senate ;
tn wr. ich mien, be added, a re culatmrt
r..: ik. amrvim rf thp nit1 ifim t inn rp - i
IIAHI lilt -' - -
. cuired to render a candidate eliu ble to
the second or representativt chamber, ,
No. Sir r!diAn; A'Court to Mry
Canning, dated Madrid, Feb. 13. 7 An
nouncing the receipt by the French. Mi
nister at Madrid of his last despatches
from France, directing, hiin to demand
Ms passports, &c. Orie of ih se dts
yaches stales that, afrer the fruitle-s ef
forts made by tbe representatives f the
crniinental power?, as well as by Sir Wil
liam AToirrt and Lord Fitzroy Somer
set, (the last of whom, it must be orerv
td, had not left Paris seven days and was
.not evtn arrived at Madrid ivhrn the
Trench despatch has vritte7t) io engage
the Spanish ' government to listen to the
suggestion cf reason, and to adopt a line
f greater modeation,Yno other ' course
remains to the government of his most
Christian Majesty, than that of recalling
'its Minister, from Madiid ;. and that this
is the only tep left for the' maintenance
ofpeace; that the l)uke of Angouleme
isapen the ;o;nt of placing himsel! at the
lead of 100,000 men uj'ou the frontirr :
and that if: the King of Spain,, released
. frcm his present thraldom, and placed ai
the head of his army, shall be allowed to
advance to t tic bank of tue Biftusoa, in
crder to treat with him. a firm and dura
ble peace may be e;btablislud be ween tht
two countries; the ancient in timute con
r.cxicn between France andispain ietor
; and the fleets, armies, and resources
, cf France be placed from that moment
-Entirely at the disposal of his Catholic
Majesty; that France does not pretend
to dictate to Spam the precise ruouihca
tiens she ought to adopt in her c ristiiu-
tw n ; but,1n order not to expose herself
to the charge cf having intcnti nally left
ftr wishes unexplained, she declares that
te vtd not renew her relations of amity
Mth this country until a system batsta
. kU.td with the consent of, ana in concert
U!i the A"i7.', assuring alike the liberties
' t the tvation and the just privileges of the
, i'crarch; and untiia general -act of am -t
-testy be passed in favor of every jndivi:
'ual persecuted for political offence, from
e promulgation of the constitution, ia
3812, down to the present period."
-No. SljiThe same to the same, dated
Madrid, Feb 4. . This note announces the
nctipt of the war speech oi tn French
ir.g, which Sir W. A'Court reaa to Ai.
J"e ban Miguel ; and some parts of it, by
lis own desire, a second time -The spet cn
Uing been concluded, he broke out into
exclamations agaiust the French goveru
TCCI t ; expressing hs conviction lhat'a
ar was inevitable. He said that Spain
ould heteradmit that, the Coustiiuiion
tmauated: from the King, norrtccgnize
tl,y other sovereignty than that ct the
lM-e; that a mtuifesto was preparjug,
w which his Majesty would speak his sen
tn.enu to Kuiope, add that these senti
cJtBts. would be found )n unisou with !the
Hswvrwkicb.be bad lately deli end, to
. t. e Ccites that Spain was prepared! to
.ttpei force by loict andY tlit. Fraiice
wwld hnd that the war. would be & much
"oi c serious undertaking than ' she setm
'r t"ent to imagine it would be. ; ,
v ' an,c to the same dated
pCtid.-ivb. r;i;he,nistVpurtoi this'
,?lliJs a i tquest for lurther instruc-
ad the. Jitter part is tlc report of
J4?" conversation th bau Miguel;
,'Vult dav VVc luust extract a
; ! Y-:';'
'Vo 29 Char Stuart to M r. Can
r?nr, 'dated Paris. F? bfry10. Thh let
... -1 the renoft.f ft cm vrrsafion between
i i . . i " ' . i
iatertT.ission., M. d'e l.hateaubqand did
7:0? enter into any detail respecting the
raturecf the acts, to w.fch he alluded ;
i M, San ;MVnel obseri'ed, that, with
respect tn modifications, there wasni
tyr man nor a party- in Spain (wer
M'nstrytA be changed, a hundred
times') who -ooM venture to propose tHrir
arVprjor?; tilf the tirrve potnterl oiit by the
constitution : and that, nVd rahy hope"
Hn hetd, out to me of art opp)oste nature,'
Vmight dppend tinon it ther, nevpr wou'd
7f TTljzrV!. M. ?an Mignis conversa-
Von vs, nevertheless, less warlike thfn
T ha? fotind- 't a day or two ago. Yf
would not, be' said, Wnider all hone of
f negnrntior at an end. but still relv for a
1 successful issue from the present difficul-
j ts.'unon he Hendship and good offices
! cf Fngland, He was convinced that she
t mirht, nd that she would, prevent a war.
Y "Ttrld him that Fnrland had done,
j and would continue to do, everv thing ?n
her power to prevent matters from com
1 ?p$r to cnrh vextremitJes ; but rhy opinion
was, tthat' wnr was inevitable, if Spain
i wpre reallr determined to admit . no mo
; d.fication in her nrecent constitutional sys
j tm. 1 A lonpr and desultory conversation
vi followed, in the course of wh?cb, M. San
j rjur very prommeniiv trwara,
the evident acknowledgment ofthe intf tir
' tion to establ;sh a permanent frevch
Interest in SPAIN, confined in certain
passap-fs cf the King.of France's Speech
to he tb ambers."
. Xo. r3- Sir Charles Stuart to Mr. Can
ning, fated Paris, F:-K. 21. Another con
versa' ion with M. dCbateauhr'and. He
thohtrht the subject rtf r.egnt?ation3 might
yet b taken into conidera ion. jf the Spa
nish negotiators should engage at a future
period to mrVfV their constitution ; and
jn the rn an while, prove their good faith
(,bv restoring th King to hi physical li-
bvrty, ,and allowing him to frequent the
Sitioigt and o go to watering places ; by
atgenrf-a4 amestv : by teiestahlishment
c fws iJre'frvtote the press, and by a
change of Ministry'; but that the milita
ry preparations of the French govern
me.t must. continue without intermission ;
and that, their armies will be.readv
take the field, if a change in the;aspect o.r
affairs does not contribute to remove.' the
nressnre and irritation which prevails on
both sdfs, before the season for active
op-rnfion shall arrive; .
YNo. 34. Sir V;lHm A'Court to Mr.
Canning, dated Madaid, F.b, 16. In this
note it is said- there is but little hope H at
any of those further concessions will be
made, wh?ch would msure an amicable
arrangement of the differences; that exist
L't.i.Tvi.ii tin's iiruuii t mm 1 iaiilci ' 1
sides which, the putting, forward by
France of so extravagant. a proposition,
as that the King, restored to his full and
absolute power,: shall- hinvelf grant a
char.'er to the nation, has singularlyin
creased the : difficulties of the question.
The principle upon which thisfproposition
;s founded is one to which it is evident the
,Rrtsh government can never agree ; and
consequently, if such be the sinr qua non
of France, our intervention falls to the
ground. . .
No. 55. The same to the same, Feb. 18.
Sir W. A'Court savs My hopes have
j been grievously disappointed with respect
to the vmesy ; 'which I was confidently
assured, would embrace every political
offence, and every political uffender. But
neither bv.the committee nor in the Cor
tes, has the slightest allusion been made 1
to so g neral a measure, notwithstanding
the hopes that were held out. The am
nesty voted is n -thing ioje. than an act
of pardon for'any Yfctin"s" wno may
lav (pwn their arms before the 1st of A
pril ; without any retrospective opera
tion in favor of those already in prison, or
any allnsion.to those confined merely tor
political opinions. . It i a nere act of po
licy, and by no means an act of grace;
nr-r can it be expected to produce that ta
orable effect in France which might
have been insured by a more general mea
sure.. ... -:- Y v.--. Y
-No.' S6. The same tohe same, Feb. 19,
announcing the closing of the Extraordi
nary Cortes, the resignation of Ministers,
No. 57. The same to the same, Feb. 20,
announcing the ' re appointment of the
sa. ie. Ministry. . - ;
No. 08. Charles Stuart to Mr. Can
ning, dated Paris, March 6. He thinks
the language of the French Cabinet more
pacific, though they insist upon a direct
negotiation between the Duke d'Angou
leme, and a Spanish Prince. ri
No. 39.' Sir William, A'Court to Mr.
Canning, dated Madrid, Feb. 23. - The
writer mentions his having read the des
patch of Mr. Canning, dated Feb. 9t and
Sir Charles Suaris of the day following
(see Nos 2 & 9,) to San Miguel.
VM. de San .Miguel listened with, the
greatest attention ; but as soon as I nad
concluded, observed, that the British go
vernment was laboring under a delusion,
in opposiBg any sort, of modification pos
sible It would be;a-much easier thing
to i)verarn the ,holc constitutional sys
temi and to re-establbh absolute despot
ism, than to concede even the most insig.'
nificant; of the, points which, have bee.i
pointed out as the most likely to concili
ate." ; : Yr- ; " . i ': ' .-vi
He . was fully aware that .England
asked nd modifications on her Vwn av -countiTHe
knew that we wished to pre
serve to Spain her constitutional sv stem ;
that our only object in trying to engage
her. to vield imon certain nomts ' was the
conviction that, if a war did break out,
.we must be, sooner or later, involved in
it ourselves. He knewvery ell that
we should not declare in tavor of Spain at
first ; but nobody coiild be so blind as riot
to see, that if the war was protracted, and
other powers took part in it, England a
lone could not, remain a passive spectator
of what might be its results.' '
So. 40. The same to the same, dated
March 5. The writer savs--" A Spanish
gentleman at Paris has writ teif from Paris
to . that the French government
has declared that it will suspend hostili
ties if a general amnesty' be grartted, a
verbal promise of modifications hereafter
be given, a change of ministers take place,'
and the King be permitted to go to the
waters of Sacedon." This 'statement Sir
V. says, had notibeen confided to him by
any advic- from Sir Charles Stuart.
No. 41: The same to the same, March
9. This note is not important.
: No. 42. Relates toj the foregoing, and is
likewise unimportant. He concludes by
saying,, that whatever hopes have been
excited; (by the last conversation with
Miguel,) are now entirely at an end.
No. 43. Mr. Canning to Sir Charles
Stuart. This is a long and able letter,
intended as .the summing up of the whole
negotiations ; and, long as it is, it is too
important to be abridged, o to be omit
ted. We therefore give it entire.
Mr. Secretary Canning to Str C. Stuart.
, Foreign Office, March 31, 1823. .
Sir : The hopes of an accommodation
between France 5c Spain,whicbhis Majes
tv has so long been encouraged to cherish,
in despite of all unfavorable appearances,
being now unhappily extinguished, I am
commanded by his Majesty to address to
your Excellency, for the purpose of being
communicated to the French minister, the
following explanation of the sentiments
.of your government upon the present
posture of affairs between those . two
The King has exhausted his endeavors
to preserve the peace of Europe.
The question of an interference in the
internal concerns of Spain, on account, of
the troubles and distractions which have
for some time prevailed in that kingdom,
was not one on which his Majesty could,
for himself entertain a moment's hesita
tion. If his Majesty's. jilenipotentiary at
Verona did hot decline taking part in the
deliberations of the allied cabinets upon
that question, it was because1 his Majesty
owed to. his allies, upon that as soon as
upon every other subject, a sincere de-
claratisn of his opinions ; and because he
hoped that a friendly and unreserved
communication might tend to the preser- ;'
k vation of general peace.
The nature ot the apprehension which
had induced the King of France to as-
semble an army, within his own frontier, 1
tilnn flir Krtac C in!n It r 1 lirkAn i tV f ? !
cated, in the first instance, by the desig- !
nation of 44 Cordon Sanitaire." 'The
change of that designation to that of an J
44 Army of Observation," (which took
place in the month of September last) did
not appear to his Majesty to imply more,
than that the defensive system", originally
opposed to the contagion of physical dis
eases, would be continued against the
possible inconvehiencies, moral or politi
cal, which might arise to France, from a
civy contest raging, in a country separat
ed from the French- territory only by a
conventional line of demarcation. The
dangers naturally incident' to; ah unre
strained intercourse between two coun
tries 9 situated towards each ol her : the
dangers of political intrigue, or of occasi
onal violation .of territory might suffici
ently justify preparations of military de
fence. -. :. I - ' ,
v Such was the state of things between
France and Spain at the opening of the
Congress .at. Verona. ' The propositions
brought forward by the French plenipo
tentiary in the .conferences of the Allied
Cabinets, were" founded Aonlthis state of
things. Those propositions did not re
late to any ' prSject of carrying attack in
to the heart of the' Spanish monarchy,
but, were in the nature of inquiries :lst,
what countenance France might expect
tot receive from the Allies, if she should
find herself under the necessity of break
ing off diplomatic intercourse with the
Court of Madrid ? And 2dly, what assist
ance, in supposed cases of outrage to be
committed, or of violence to be.mehaced,
by Spain ? These cases-were all contin
gent and precautionary. The answers
of the three continental Powers were , of
a correspondent character. . . :
The result of the discussions a,t Verona
was, a determination of his Majesty's Al
lies, the Emperors of Austria and Rus
sia, and i the King of Prussia, 1st. To
make known toithe Cabinet of Madrid
through-, their, respective ministers at thar
Court, their sentiments upon thexnecessi
ty' of a chiihge in the present system of
the Spanish government ; and, in, the event'
of an uiiiaisfactoi y answer to that com
munication, to recal their respective Mi
nisters, and. to. break off all diplomatic
intef course with Spain. 2dly, to make'
common causeVitb France againspain
in certain specified cases ; cases, -as has
been already observed, altogether cbntin
gent and precautionary. V V- v
Hb Majesty's Plenipotentiary declined
corifcurfine in these measures, not only be
cause He- was unauthorised to pledge the
faith of his government to any hypothetical
engagemehti but because ; wrament,
had,.from .the month, of April 1820, uni
forcnlv rprnrri to ended to the' Dowers of
tht alliance to abstairi from' all interfer
ence in the internal affairs "ofSpain; (and
because; having been, from the same pe
riod, entirely unacquainted" with r what
ever transactions might have taken pUce
between France 5 and Spain; his govern
ment could not judge on what ! grounds
the Cabinet of the Tuilleries meditated a
j possible discontinuance of diplomatic re-
lationsiWiui me vounw mauiiu, uj. uu
what grounds they apprehended anj oc
currence apparently so improbable, as
a commencement 5o hostilities against
France. by Spain. Y . Y; h ' i ''-l- -Y
No proof was produced to; his Majes
ty's Plenipotentiary of the existence of
any , design on the . part of the Spanish
Government to invade the territory of
iFrance, of any attempt to introduce dis-.
affection among her. soldiery, orj of) any
project to undermine her political insti
tutions; and so long as 'the struggles! and
disturbances of Spain should be confined
within the circle of her own territory,
theyk could not be admitted by. the'BVitish
government to afford any plea fori foreign
interference. If the end of the list, and
the beginning of the present century , saw
all Europe combined against France,: it
was not on account of the internal changes
which France thought necessary. fop her
own political and civil reformation, but
because she attempted to propagate, first
her principles, and afterwards her domi
nion,, by the sword. Y "T M;. ,
Impossible as it was for his Majesty to
be party i to the measures concerted . at
Verona, with respect to Spain, his Majes
Plenipotentiary , declared, that
British Government could only ende4vor
throueh his Maiestv's Minister at the
Court of the Catholic King, 4 to allay the
ferment which those measures might oc
casion at Madrid, and to do all the good
j in his power.' Y , U--'' U
Up to this period, no commumcation
had taken place between his Majesty; and
Pat : 1 ; i L ? -1 .
tne ourtoi iviaana, as to tne aiscussious
at Verona. But, about the; time of the
arrival of his Majesty s Plenipotentiary,
on, his return from Verona, at Paris, Spain
expressed a desire for the 44 frienclly in
terposition" of his Majesty, to avert the
calamities of war. Spain distinctly limit
led this desire to the employment of ucti
1 44 good offices" on the fiart of Great: Bri
: tain, as would not be inconsistent with
: the most strictly conceived system of neti-
trality."1 Nor has any period occurred.
throughout the whole of the intercourse
of the British government withiSpain at
(which the Spanish' government; has been
jfor one moment led, by that of Great
Britain, to believe, that the policv of his
Majesty, in a contest between France and
C"1 . - ! 11 I i I. k K II.!
Spain;1' would be other than neutral.
In pursuance of this request, and of his
previous declaration at Veronal, his Ma
jesty's Plenipotentiary - received instruc
tions at Paris to make ohe French, go
vernment the offer of his MajestyVmedi
ation. , In making this offer; the British
government deprecated, from motives of
expeajency as wen asirom consuierauous
of justice, the employment towards Spain
of a language of reproach or of , intimida
tion. They represented as matter of no
light moment the first breach, by what
ever power, of that general pacific -set
tlement which had been so recently es-J
tabhshed, and at the cost of so many, suf
ferings and sacrifices to all nations. Nor
did they disguise from the French govern
ment the anxiety with which they looked
forward to all the possible issues of a new
war in Europe, if once begun. S , Y-1
In addition to suggestions such as these,
the British government endeavored 'to
learn from the Cabinet of the Tuilleries
the nature and amount, of the specific
grievances of which his inost j Christian
Majesty com plained against Spain . and
of such specific, measures of redress 'or
conciliation on the part of Spain, as rould
arrest the progress of his most .Christian
Majesty's warlike preparations, v , Y
The French government declined the
formaf mediation of; bis Majesty ; Alleg
ing, in substance that the necessity of its
warlilfe preparations" was founded r6t so
rtiuch upon any direct cause of complaint
against Spain which might be susceptible
of accurate specification and of practica
ble adjustment, as-upon the general posi
tion m which the two kingdoms; round f
tiiemseives placed towards eacn otner ;
upon the effect which al that was pass
ing, and had been for some time passing
in .Spain, - produced upon, the peace: and
tranquillity tof his most Christian Majes
ty's dominions ; upon the burdensomeness
6f th at defensi v e armament which France
had thought herself obliged to establish
on her frontier towards Spain,-and. which
it was alike inconvenient for her to main
tain, or without some change of circum
stances, which would justify such change
of counsel to with draw ; upon ;'a state of
things, in short, which it was easier to
understand than; to - define ; but whVch,
taken altogether, w as W intoJerHble tp
France, that .open hostilityJswould be far
preferable; to ic Warbutdt )east,
have a tendency tosorde ' conclusion ;
whereas the existing state of the relations
betwoen yranee aod Spain might coaria-
ue fbr'an lndeCnite time; increasing eyeriY - '
day thi difficiiltfes of Spa?h and propagat, Y '
ing disquietude and jarjnrii thoughout the, Yr.Y
French Army and .bation'O'.V.;' 'W.,.: ,
"Bot, although ftis'Mo.st "Christtari, Maf : i
jesty's Oovernment .'. declined - on these Y "
grounds a formal niediat il i . theV profess ' : Y
ed an earnest 4Aer foT Cm; 7 ."
Cepted his Majesty's 'good yofficesVitii - V
Spain for that object. : ' ' T ' ' Y-:Y
v fContemplating failthe mischiefs wicV yY
war njight inflict upon Fraoce.and thrbughj !r V
Francfe ultimately perhaps upon ;-Jurope; t -Y-.-f-Y Y
and which it must inflict,!; more,jiromedi-Y .
ately and inevitably, upoii 'Spajnjw-hBse Y' ,
internal animosities and agitations a " for-' ' ( .
eign war could not but; exasperate and ; Y Y
prolong, the British government was' deep- v ' i Y '
ly impressed with the necessity of peace' , f -
for both kingdoms; and resolved, therp-Yh. ' ,
fore, whether ; invested or -n5t Yvnth thp ; M
formal character of mediator,- to maka
.every effort, to avail itself of chance for; .
the prevention of hostilities. Tbe ques- , Y
was now becoming aiquesticn siroply-ancl , j;: '
en t irely between Spain, ami France ;y, and
the only practical oint of enquiry was Yy -not
so much how thle relations of those ?
two gQvemmepts had , been brought inVY T
their present awkward complication, as y "' ;
hcrw that complication could, be -solved ;n
without recoHrse to arms, and an arnica- ' '
bleadjustment pl'bduced. through mutual Y
explanation and cpneesson. : Y 1 ; ;v Y
Nothing could have .induced fis MajesJr -ty
to suggest to the Spanish nation ajevv y :
siohof its political institutions, as the price v r
of his majesty 's friendship. . But, Spam ardai 4
of all parlies and! descriptions admitted Y :
some modifications of, theconstitution . of ,
1812, to lie indispensiblyY necessary ; and Y
if in such a crises as that in which Spalol , y. r
now ' found herself; distracted at once b ;
the miseries of civil war, and by, the ftp;?
prehension of foreign invasion, the adop-Y Y
tion of modifications so admitted to bede--, .
sirable in themselves might affordajrps r
pect for composing her internal dissentiona ,
ahd might at th same time, furnish to, '
the French government e a motive . for .; Y
withdrawinc: from the menacing position Y
which it had assmed towards Spain, the,; '
British government felt that ho scruple or,
delicacy, or fear.of miscohstructioh ought ?
to restrain them, from avowing an earnest ;
wish that the Spaniards could.pre vail upooy
themselves to consider oF such raodifica;
tions, tr, at least to declare their disposi-'. .
tion"tb consider of them ereafrerv v-x Y
:T It is useless now to discuss what naight . . '
have ben the result of his Majesty's nx- , ,
ious endeavors to. bring about . an accomr.'. ; .;
modation between France, and Spain, ; it ' ,
nothing had occurred to interrupt .their ' ,
progress, wnaiever mignt oe me inais-f .
position of the Spanish government to take ,v
the first step towards such an a'ceommo' i '
datton, it cannot be disguised, ' that i tlie Y
principle avowed : and -the pretension3,Y ;
forward by the French government, inrY ; , -
the speech from .the th' rone at the open-"
ihg of the4Chambers at Paris, created new
obstacles to the success of friendly' inter r , j
venticlru; The communication pf '-that -; ,r
speech to the British" government was ac-- ;
Com panied, indeed; witi renewed aur-Y J
ances of the pacificispositton otFranCe; , '
and the French Minister adopted a .con j;
structipn of jthe passage, ,most ; li kely ; top
create no favorable impressions in .Spain
which, stripped it of a part of its objec
tionable characteriY.Biit all the attempts' .
of the British governmehf to give effect at
Madrid to sudh assurancer-andexplana. .' , '.
tions prpved unavailing. The. hopes or Y
success became -( gradually fainter and;
have now vanished altogether. ,$f ;;'5 ; " Y;
It only remains to describe the conduct
which it is his Majesty 's desire arid ihteu - f Y
tion to observe,; in a conflict between twoY
nations,-to each of whom his Majesty i ;
bouud by the ties of amity and alliance.' Y?
The repeated disavowal, by his 'AlostK v
Christian Majesty s government, bair?:,.
views of ambition and aggrandisehlent,0, '
forbids the suspicion of aoy design on the v f
part France to estabiisria permaueot? '
milatary. occupation in Spain ; or to force Y v
his. Catholic Majesty, into ajiy'.easores;; :Y-,
derogatory v. to the j independence. of hi
Crown, to his existing relations with dtberr .
HTherepeated assurances which hiMa Y
Jesty has received of the determination of : '
France to respect)thedomimon of hiV Y Y
most Fthful M j
ty from any appjrebenslohs of being called -upon
to falfil the obijgatiorrs of tliat- jnti-Y Y
mate defensive connectioh" which has '
long subsisted between; the troAvns df GY ' " :
Britain and Pprtugall "'Vv Y1..
: AVith respect, to the provinces in! Arae- '
Hca which have. thrown 'off , theJr allegi- i '
ance to the crown 6f Spalni Uie and the
course of events appear ;o have substan;
tially decided thW separatioirYiromYlhe ;
mother cuuntiValthougheform '.
cognition of those proridCes2a; indepen- .
denr states; by hb Majesty may be hast-
ened or retardedby various externai . cix '
cumstance's "well by;Hbe ?mdre otf
less satisfactory progressin each states , s:j'
towards a regular and settled form of gq-Y
yernment': ; Spain has long been apprised -.y
oi nis majesiy s ppmionsr upon suojeck . ; .
Disclaiming, in the most solemiVrnaimer,;vYY -any
intention of appropriating i6 himself ; . Y' ,
the smiillest portion of j the .late Spanish :
possessions in America, hts Majesty is sa-', V
tiified thai no attempt VFcluld bti ntade by '
r ranee to onsg traaer ner uooiiowa utri
.s- - y. --. : -. . : "